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Objectives:

To know the present situation of the Philippines in terms of waste management;

To understand the concepts of the RA 9003- Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000

To be enlightened by the mandatory requirement for households, business establishments and


LGUs under RA 9003

To be inspired by the best practices of some LGUs/ establishments in the Philippines and outside
the Philippines

THE SITUATION IN THE PHILIPPINES

RAPID POPULATION GROWTH AND INDUSTRIALIZATION HAVE TURNED THE PHILIPPINES WASTE
SITUATION

INTO A HUGE PROBLEM.

Industrialization

11. 5 MILLION
(Population)

MANILA

Manila- the countrys premiere urban center, 11.5 million people working, eating and residing here,
solid waste management is a major concern.

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

is a major concern

Ang basurang itinapon mo babalik sayo!

PERWISYO NG BASURA SA ATIN: ANG BASURANG ITINAPON MO BABALIK DIN SAYO.

Malilinis ang mga Pilipino, kailangan lang ng paalala at mas ibayong pagsisikap para matulungan natin
ang lumalang problema ng basura

NSWMC and DENR presents, malinis na kabahayan, malinis na sambayanan


1. LAHAT TAYO KALINANG KUMILOS. HINDI PWEDE NATIN IASA LAMANG SA PAMAHALAAN LAMANG
ANG PROBLEMA SA BASURA

2 WE MUST HAVE A CONCENRED AND MOBILIZED CITIZENRY


9-10% OF TOTAL GREENHOUSE EMISSION OF PHILIPIINES comes from improper management of
wwastes
accdg to MMDA Study some 8, 700 tons of garbage are being generated daily in Metro Manila alone.
That is of the total garbage produced in the country

isipin natin, every household gagawing way f life anf tamang waste segregation, malaki ang kabawasan

Marami tayong magagawa in our own little way sa ating mga sariling tahahnan

THE ULTIMATE GOAL IS ZERO WASTE. AT FIRST waste cannot be eliminated automatically, but it can be
lessend in huge percentage if we only do the 3rs

ang kalinisan ay dapat simulan natin sa ating mga bahay

Ang malinis na kabahayan ang simula ng malinis na bayan


like, malinis na kalooban, malinis ang katawan
kung malinis ka sa loob, malinis ka rin sa labas

Isa ang pupuntahan, malinis na bayan

SEGREGATE, REDUCE, REUSE , RECYLE to achieve ZERO WASTE.

Paano mag segregate?


Reduce-papel bote, plastice/ sando bags, use reusbale bags/ bayong, reduce amount of trash in ur
home, pakibangan , ibenta, piliing gamitin ang mmga bagay na gawa sa renewable resources ex. Eco bag
reuse lumang notebook, likod ng papel bote plastic, pwede irepaire, plastics, containers, plastic ottle ulit
uliting gamitin
recylce: products, pinaglabahan pinaghugasan,

COMPSOTING: Nabubulok, effective way to obtain ZERO WASTE, walang kalat, walang sayang, lahat
mapapakinabangan, magiging pagkain ng mga halaman

LASGNA METHOD: pRinciples of Composting


use flower pots, compost pits, old tires, old drums, old plastic containers, bottomless cans
Malking tulong ang composting

- control the composition of organic matter by microorganisms like bacteria and fungi resulting into a
humus like product, compost improves the physical, chemical and biological property of the soil,
soli conditioner- compost
used as fertilizer, flower beds, veg gardens, lawns, pagtatanim ng puno/ shrubs
helps conserve moisture
prevents soil erosion
reduces weed growth
special kind of composting using the bff of farmers : worms (earthworms) vermi composting

4 kinds of bins in our homes


green- nabubulok

Blue narerecycle

Black residulas

Lason o toxic

Saan mapup?

Compostable- gardens and farms

Recyclbele- ibenta sa rcycling centers

Non recylble residual wastes- collecters will get it to bring to the sanitary landfill

Special wastes-tx facilities ,sepcially established for this purpose

Lahat tayo pwedeng maaring tumulong sa problema sa basura


mag segregate, reuse reduce recycle upang di mabusara ang kapaligiran, kalusugan at kinabukasan

7,200 tons
(30, 500 cubic meters of garbage everyday)

8, 700 tons of garbage

(1/4 of the total garbage of the country)

9-10% OF TOTAL GREENHOUSE EMISSION OF PHILIPPINES

45%

Kitchen Wastes

17 %

Paper

16 %

Plastic Wastes

7%

Grass and wood


5%

Metal Waste

3%

Glass Waste

7%

Other Waste

523 dump sites

86 sanitary
landfills

Waste Analysis and Characterization Survey

Asian Development Bank

P 3.8 Billion

being spent in garbage collection

P 3.61 Billion

95%

cost savings

27% of 1,515 LGUs


comply with RA 9003 (DBM 2014)

By 2020- 16.63 million tons


projected waste generation

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

is a major concern.

ROLE OF THE STATE

Republic Act 9003 declares that the State has the responsibility to adopt a systematic,
comprehensive and ecological solid waste management (SWM) program.

To summarize this policy, the State has the following tasks:

Protection of public health and environment;


Utilization, conservation and recovery of valuable resources;

Waste avoidance and volume reduction at source;

Adoption of environmental management practices;

Conduct of national research and development on improved solid waste management and
resource conservation techniques;

Encouragement of private and public sector participation in solid waste management;

To summarize this policy, the State has the following tasks:

Enforcement and responsibility for solid waste management with LGUs, NGOs and the private
sector; and

Integration of ecological waste management into the academic curricula to promote


environmental protection awareness.

ROLE of Business & Industry

Under RA 9003, commercial and industrial establishments shall be encouraged, through appropriate
incentives other than tax incentives:

To initiate, participate and invest in integrated ecological SWM projects;

To manufacture environment- friendly products;

To introduce, develop and adopt innovative processes; and

To undertake community activities to promote and propagate effective SWM practice

The systematic administration of activities which provide for:

Segregation at source;

Segregated transportation, storage, transfer, processing, treatment, and disposal of solid


waste; and

All other waste management activities which do not harm the environment.

LEGAL FRAMEWORK

The most comprehensive piece of legislation is the Republic Act (RA) 9003, known as the
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, which assigns the primary task of
implementation and enforcement to LGUs.

It emphasizes the importance of


minimizing waste by using techniques such as recycling, resource recovery, reuse, and
composting.

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9003

AN ACT:

1. PROVIDING FOR AN ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM,

2. CREATING THE NECESSARY INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS AND INCENTIVES,

3. DECLARING CERTAIN ACTS PROHIBITED AND

4. PROVIDING PENALTIES,

5. APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFORE,

6. AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.

7. Promulgated in 1995

mandates the Metro Manila Development Authority to formulate and implement policies, standards,
programs and projects for proper and sanitary waste disposal management in the cities and
municipalities in Metro Manila

Mandates the MMDA to implement projects and ways to re-use, reduce and recycle solid wastes

RA 7924

Local Government Unit are responsible for collecting solid waste in their respective areas of jurisdiction.

Local Government Code of 1991

Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999 prohibits incineration of waste that emits toxic and poisonous fumes

RA 8749 Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999

defines and sets the parameters of solid waste management;

points to the discipline associated with the requirements of ESWM: storage, discharge and setting out,
collection , transfer, transport, processing and recovery, disposal of solid waste using sanitary landfills

empowers the MMDA to chair the Metropolitan Manila Solid Waste Management Board as it oversees
the implementation of the Solid Waste Management Programs;

RA 9003 Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000

OVERVIEW
o February 2004 deadline for shifting from open to controlled dumping

o February 2006 the law states that controlled dumpsites will be deemed closed & phase out

o The law contains minimum requirements for designing SLFs as well as minimum considerations
for operating SLFs

o OVERVIEW

o Only about 126 LGUs had implemented the conversion of open dumps into controlled disposal
facilities

There are still 734 open dumpsites nationwide

There are only four SLFs; Clark Ecozone in Tarlac, Cebu City in the Visayas, Negros Oriental & Puerto
Princesa City, Palawan

o About 215 sites have been identified as potential SLFs

o OVERVIEW

o Signed into law in JANUARY 26, 2001 to address the gargantuan solid waste problem of the
Philippines

o It espouses the reuse, recovery and recycling of MSF, with special emphasis on composting, as
opposed to outright disposal

o SALIENT FEATURES OF THE ACT

o Ensures the protection of public health and environment

o Utilize environmentally-sounds methods that maximize the utilization of valuable resource


reduction & encourage resources conservation and recovery

o Set guidelines and targets for solid waste avoidance and volume reduction

o Ensure the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid
waste

Promote national research and development programs for improved solid waste management

Encourage greater private sector participation is solid waste management

Retain primary enforcement & responsibility of solid waste management with local government
units

Encourage cooperation & self-regulation among waste generators


Institutionalize public participation in the development & implementation of national and local
integrated, comprehensive and ecological waste management programs

Strengthen the integration of ecological solid waste management and resource conservation
and recovery topics into the academic curricula of formal and non-formal education

Embraced in the term


Solid Waste

discarded household and commercial waste

non-hazardous institutional and industrial waste

street sweepings

construction debris

agricultural waste

Solid waste is now considered one of the most critical problems of the Philippines and in other
countries too.

Compostables

Recyclables

Special Wastes

Non-recyclables/residuals

Classification of Waste as defined by RA 9003

The 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) to be followed for waste management.

Waste Management Concepts

Implementing Ecological Solid Waste Management in the country shall have the following chain of
institutional mechanism:

INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM FOR IMPLEMENTING


SOLID WASTE
MANAGE MENT
(SWM)

National SWM Commission

Provincial SWM Board

City/Municipal SWM Board


Barangay SWM Committee

shall oversee the implementation of solid waste management plans and among others;

shall coordinate the operation of local waste management plans and among others;

shall coordinate the operation of local solid waste management boards in the provincial and
city/ municipal levels

to provide technical and marketing assistance to the LGUs for materials that are diverted from
disposal facilities through re-use, recycling and composting and other environment-friendly
methods

National Solid Waste Management Commission

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT
& NATURAL RESOURCES

act as overall of the Commission to be created; prepare a National Solid Waste Management Status
Report

provide technical & capacity building assistance to local government units

issue rules & regulations in the implementation of the Act

DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR AND


LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

Together with the DENR and DOH shall publish the inventory of all solid waste disposal facilities.

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

in coordination w/ the DENR & other concerned agencies prepare the National Solid Waste
Management Status Report w/c shall be the basis for the National Solid Waste Management Framework

together w/ the DENR & DILG shall publish the inventory of all solid waste disposal facilities

DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY

Shall formulate & implement a coding system packaging materials and products to facilitate waste
recycling and reuse

With DENR establish and mage a solid waste management information database and publish a study of
existing markets for processing and purchasing recyclable materials and the potential steps necessary to
expand these markets.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION,
COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION

TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND SKILLS DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

AND PHILIPPINE INFORMATION AGENCY with the DENR

Shall conduct continuing education and information campaign on solid waste management.

DepED and CHED

The national government through DepED and in coordination with concerned agencies, non-government
organizations and private institutions, shall strengthen the integral of environmental concerns in school
curricula at all levels

A representative from non-government organizations (NGOs) whose principal purpose is to


promote recycling and the protection of air and water quality;

Private Sector 1

A representative from the recycling industry;

Private Sector 2

A representative from the manufacturing or packaging industry.

Private Sector 3

SOLID
WASTE
MANAGEMENT
BOARD

to be established in every province, city or municipality; is chaired either by the governor, city/
municipal mayor

PROVINCE

CITY

MUNICIPALITY

SOLID
WASTE
MANAGEMENT
BOARD
shall prepare its respective
10-year solid waste management plans for the re-use, recycling and composting of wastes generated
in their respective jurisdictions

BARANGAY

SEGREGATION AND COLLECTION OF SOLID WASTE (Biodegradable, Compostable and Reusable wastes)

SOLID
WASTE
MANAGEMENT
BOARD

MUNICIPALITY

CITY

PROVINCES

CITIES

MUNICIPALITIES

BARANGAYS

To consolidate or coordinate their efforts, services, and resources for purposely or jointly addressing
common solid waste management problems and/or establishing common waste disposal facilities

Headed by the Director of the DENRs Environmental Management Bureau (EMB), in his ex-
officio capacity

NATIONAL ECOLOGY CENTER (NEC)

Shall maintain a multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinary pool of experts including those from


academe, inventors, practicing professionals, business and industry, youth, women and other
concerned sectors, who shall be screened according to qualifications set by the Commission.

NATIONAL ECOLOGY CENTER (NEC)

TECHNICAL

EXPERTISE

INFORMATION

TRAINING

NETWORKING
. Facilitate training and education in integrated ecological solid waste management through
the following:

1. Formulation of training programs for LGUs and private sector on the proper management of
solid wastes;

TECHNICAL

EXPERTISE

INFORMATION

TRAINING

NETWORKING

Facilitate training and education in integrated ecological solid waste management through
the following:

Development of training programs on the technical operations of solid waste management facilities

. Facilitate training and education in integrated ecological solid waste management through the
following:

Formulation of training programs for deputized enforcers and implementers

Development of an accreditation and certification system for the conduct and holding of training
programs on solid waste management;

Develop an education program that will promote an effective solid waste management system

B. Establish and manage a comprehensive solid waste management information database and
dissemination system in collaboration with the Department of Trade and industry (DTI) on the
following areas:

. Solid waste generation and management techniques as well as the management, technical and
operational approaches to resource recovery;

Establish and manage a comprehensive solid waste management information database and
dissemination system in collaboration with the Department of Trade and industry (DTI) on the
following areas:

Provision on list of materials being recycled or brought by them and their respective prices;

On cleaner production/ cleaner technologies that promote efficient solid waste management

Promote the development of a recycling market through the establishment of national recycling
network that will enhance the opportunity for recycling;
Act as the hub for networking of LGUs, NGOs and industry on voluntary compliance of the pertinent of
the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act;

. Provide or facilitate expert assistance in pilot modeling of solid waste management facilities
including technologies and techniques for effective solid waste management;

Develop, test and disseminate model waste minimization and reduction auditing procedures for
evaluation options;

G. Act as the clearinghouse for cleaner production/cleaner technologies on solid waste management

The Ecology Centers shall give primary considerations of making all the information generated,
collected, recorded and stored accessible to the general public.

INFORMATION:

Data for solid waste management plans;

National Framework;

National Status Report;

Relevant information necessary to ESWM

Solid Waste Management Hierarchy of Responsibilities, Partnerships, and Preferred Options

Solid Waste Management System Prescribed under RA 9003

Segregation at Source

- States that segregation of wastes shall primarily be conducted at the source

Mandatory Requirement for Households, Business Establishments and LGUs under RA9003

Wastes shall be segregated using the following guidelines

2. Segregated Collection

Section 22 of RA 9003

- States the minimum standards and requirements for segregation and storage of solid waste pending
collection

Mandatory Requirement for Households, Business Establishments and LGUs under RA 9003

a. There shall be SEPARATE CONTAINER for each type of waste from all sources, provided that in
the case of bulky waste, it will suffice that the same be collected and placed in a separate and
designated area
b. b. The solid waste container depending on its use shall be properly marked or identified for on-
site collection as:

.COMPOSTABLE,

.NON-RECYCLABLE

.RECYCLABLE

.SPECIAL WASTE

3. Establishment of

Material Recovery Facilities

Section 32 of RA 9003

- Stipulates that there shall be established MATERIALS RECOVERY FACILITIES (MRF) in every
barangay or cluster of barangays

Shall be established in a barangay-owned or leased land or any suitable open space to be


determined by the barangay through its Sanggunian

Shall receive mixed waste for final sorting, segregation, composting and recycling.

4. Recycling

Section 26-30 of RA 9003

- Specify details on the recycling program

a. Shall publish a study of existing markets for processing and purchasing recyclable materials and
potential steps necessary to expand these markets

b. Shall formulate and implement a coding system for packaging materials and products to
facilitate waste and recycling and re-use

c. shall assist LGUs in establishing and implementing deposit or reclamation programs in


coordination with the manufacturers, recyclers and generators to provide separate collection
system or convenient drop-off locations for recyclable materials and particularly for separated
toxic components of the waste stream

5. Establishment of Multi- Purpose Environment Cooperatives or Association in Every Local


Government Unit

Section 13 of RA 9003
- States that the multi-purpose cooperatives and associations that shall undertake activities to
promote the implementation and/or directly undertake projects in compliance with the provisions
of this Act shall be encouraged and promoted in every LGU.

Mandatory Requirement for Households, Business Establishments and LGUs under RA 9003

6. Establishment of Mandatory Solid Waste Diversion

Section 20 of RA 9003

- Mandates that each LGU plan shall include an implementation schedule

Mandatory Requirement for Households, Business Establishments and LGUs under RA 9003

Creation of Solid Waste Management Fund

Section 46 of RA 9003

- States that a special account in the National Treasury is to be created for a Solid Waste
Management Fund to be administered by the Commission.

Sources:

Fines and penalties imposed, proceeds of permits and licenses issued by the DENR under this
Act, donations, endowments, grants and contributions from domestic and foreign sources;

Amounts specifically appropriated for the Fund under the General Appropriation Fund

7. Creation of Solid Waste Management Fund

Section 46 of RA 9003

- States that a special account in the National Treasury is to be created for a Solid Waste
Management Fund to be administered by the Commission.

The Fund shall be used to finance the following:

Products, facilities, technologies and processes to enhance proper solid waste management;

Awards and incentives;

Research programs;

IEC and monitoring activities;

Technical assistance and

Capability building activities


LGUs are entitled to avail of the fund on the basis of their approved solid waste management
plan.

The fines collected under Sec 49 of RA 9003 shall be allocated to the LGU where the fined
prohibited acts are committed in order to finance the solid waste management of the said
LGU.

8. Research on Solid Waste Management

Section 54 of RA 9003

- Provides that the DENR, after consultations with the cooperating agencies, shall encourage,
cooperate with, and render financial and other assistance to appropriate government agencies,
institutions and individuals in the conduct and promotion of researches, experiments, and other
studies on solid waste management, particularly those relating to

Section 54 of RA 9003

a. Adverse health effects of the release into the environment of materials present in solid wastes,
and methods to eliminate said effect;
b. The operation and financing of solid waste disposal programs;
c. The planning, implementing and operation of resource recovery and resource conservation
systems
d. The production of usable forms of recovered resources, including fuel from solid waste;
e. The development and application of new and improved methods of collecting and disposing of
solid waste and processing and recovering materials and energy from solid waste;
f. . Improvements in land disposal practices for solid waste (including sludge); and
g. Development of new uses of recovered resources and identification of existing potential markets
of recovered resources.

9. Conduct of Public Education and Information

Section 55 of RA 9003

- Stipulates that the Commission shall, in coordination with DepEd, TESDA, CHED, DILG and PIA,
conduct a continuing education and information campaign on solid waste management.

A. Aim to develop public awareness on the ill- effects and the community-based solutions on solid
waste problems;

B. Concentrate on activities which are feasible and which will have the greatest impact on the solid
waste problem of the country

C. Encourage the general public, accredited NGOs and peoples organizations to publicly endorse
and patronize environmentally acceptable products and packaging materials
10. Environment Education in the Formal and Non-Formal Sectors

Section 56 of RA 9003

- States that the national government through the DepEd and in coordination with concerned
government agencies, NGOs and private institutions, shall strengthen the integration of
environmental concerns in school curricula at all levels in order to promote environmental
awareness and action among the citizenry.

Fines and Penalties:

Depend on the Prohibited Acts that is committed.

It ranges from P300.00 to 1,000,000.00 and/or imprisonment of 1 day to 6 years.

1) Littering, throwing, dumping of waste matters in public places, such as roads, sidewalks, canals,
esteros or parks, and establishment, or causing or permitting the same.

(2) Undertaking activities or operating,


collecting or transporting equipment in
violation of sanitation operation and other requirements or permits set forth in or established
pursuant to this Act;

3) The open burning of solid waste.

(4) Causing or permitting the collection of non-segregated or unsorted wastes.

(5) Squatting in open dumps and landfills.

(6) Open dumping, burying of biodegradable or non- biodegradable materials in flood prone areas.

(7) Unauthorized removal of recyclable material intended for collection by authorized persons;:

Penalty

Fine: P1,000 3,000, or

Imprisonment: 15 days 6 months, or both

(8) The mixing of source-separated recyclable material with other solid waste in any vehicle, box,
container or receptacle used in solid waste collection or disposal.

First Offense: Fine of P 500,000 + 5-10% of net income during the previous year

(9) Establishment or operation


of open dumps as enjoined in this Act, or closure of said dumps in violation of Sec. 37.

First Offense:
Fine of P500,000 + 5-10% of net income during the previous year

Subsequent Violations: Imprisonment of 1-3 yrs. In addition to the fine.

(10) The manufacture, distribution or use of non-environmentally acceptable packaging materials

First Offense:

Fine of P500,000 + 5-10% of net income during the previous year;

Subsequent Violations:

Imprisonment of 1-3 yrs. in addition to the fine.

(11) Importation of consumer products packaged in non-environmentally acceptable materials.

Penalty

First Offense:

Fine of P500,000 + 5-10% of net income during the previous year

(12) Importation of toxic wastes misrepresented as "recyclable" or "with recyclable content"

Penalty

Fine: P10,000 200,000, or

Imprisonment: 30 days 3 years, or both

(13) Transport and dumping in bulk of collected domestic, industrial, commercial, and institutional
wastes in areas other than centers or facilities prescribe under this Act.

Penalty

Fine: P10,000 P200,000, or

Imprisonment: 30 days 3 years, or both

(14) Site preparation, construction, expansion or operation of waste management facilities without
an Environmental Compliance Certificate required pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 1586 and
this Act and not conforming with the land use plan of the LGU

: Penalty

Fine: P100,000 P1M, or

Imprisonment: 1-6 years, or both


(15) The construction of any establishment within two hundred (200) meters from open dumps or
controlled dumps, or sanitary landfill.

Penalty

Fine: P100,000 P1M, or

Imprisonment: 1-6 years, or both

(16) The construction or operation of landfills or any waste disposal facility on any aquifer, groundwater
reservoir, or watershed area and or any portions thereof

Penalty

Fine: P100,000 P1M, or

Imprisonment: 1-6 years, or both

What does RA 9003 require before a case or suit can be filed?

RA 9003 provides that no case or suit can be filed until after a public officer or alleged violator has
been given a 30-day notice during which no appropriate action has been taken by the alleged
offender.

Is conviction required before the fine and/or penalty can be imposed on someone who committed a
prohibited act under RA 9003?

Yes. The law provides that the fine and/or penalty shall be imposed upon conviction.

The requirement of conviction means that a case has to be filed in court against a
person who commits a prohibited act and judgment has to be rendered by the court finding the person
guilty of committing the prohibited act.

I f the prohibited act is committed by a corporation , partnership, or other juridical entity duly organized
in accordance with law, who shall be liable for the offense committed?

The chief executive officer, president, general manager, managing partner or such other
officer-in-charge shall be liable.

What additional penalty will be imposed if the offender is an alien?

If the offender is an alien, he or she shall be deported without further administrative proceedings
after serving his/her sentence.

Are the fines prescribed in RA 9003 fixed amounts?

No. The fines prescribed under RA 9003 shall be increased by at least 10 percent every three years to
compensate for inflation and to maintain the deterrent function of such fines.
Citizen Suit

Any citizen may file civil, criminal or administrative action against:

1. Any person who violates or fails to comply with RA 9003 and its IRR.

2. DENR or other implementing agencies for orders, rules and regulations inconsistent with RA
9003.

3. Public officer who willfully or grossly neglects performance of duty, abuses his authority, and
in any manner, improperly performs his duties under RA 9003 and its IRR

GOOD SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN PHILIPPINES

(1) THE BUSTOS SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM

(2) THE DALAW KALINISAN PROGRAM

(3) MANILA ECOLOGICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECT

(4) GUIMARAS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECT

(5) METRO DUMAGUETE SWM PROGRAM

(6) SIBULAN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM

(7) OPLAN DALUS TASK FORCE

(8) CALOOCAN CITY MATERIALS RECOVERY FACILITY

CONSTRUCTION OF COMPOST PITS

CONSTRUCTION OF STORAGE BINS FOR RECYCLABLE WASTES

MAINTAINING CLEANLINESS IN YARDS AND STREETS

PLANTING VEGETABLES, TREES, AND FLOWERS IN GARDENS

FORA, SEMINARS & TRAINING

SCHOOLS, SUBDIVISIONS, BARANGAYS, PEOPLES ORGANIZATIONS, INSTITUTIONS, AND BIG


BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENTS.

SEVEN GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT (SWM)

1. WASTE IS A RESOURCE.

2. WASTE PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN WASTE REGULATION.

3. THERE IS NO SINGLE MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGICAL APPROACH TO SOLID WASTE.


4. ALL ELEMENTS OF SOCIETY ARE FUNDAMENTALLY RESPONSIBLE FOR SOLID WASTE
MANAGEMENT.

5. THOSE WHO GENERATE WASTE MUST BEAR THE

COST OF ITS MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL

6. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SHOULD BE APPROACHED WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF RESOURCE


CONSERVATION, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND HEALTH, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.

7. SWM PROGRAMS SHOULD CONSIDER THE PHYSICAL AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF


THE CONCERNED COMMUNITIES AND SHOULD BE DESIGNED ACCORDING TO COMMUNITIES SPECIFIC
NEEDS.

BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES

RECYCLABLE MATERIAL IS SOURCE-SEPARATED

INDIVIDUAL TRASH CANS ARE REMOVED AND REPLACED WITH SMALL, DESK-TOP RECEPTACLES
AND A LARGE CENTRALIZED TRASH BIN

FOOD DISCARD COLLECTION IS ESTABLISHED

EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM FOR GUESTS,

EMPLOYEES, AND VENDORS TO MAKE SURE THAT EVERYONE IS INVOLVED IN WASTE


REDUCTION EFFORTS

IN THEIR RESOURCE CONSERVATION PROGRAM, THE HOTELS ALSO BUY FROM LOCAL
PRODUCERS AND BUY RECYCLED MATERIALS

WHEN POSSIBLE

COMPOSTING PROJECT

THE COMPANY ENGAGES IN DIVERSE REDUCTION, REUSE, REMANUFACTURE, AND RECYCLING


EFFORTS.

MALINIS NA KABAHAYAN, MALINIS NA SAMBAYANAN.

Lahat tayo kailangang kumilos.

We must have a CONCERNED and MOBILIZED citizenry.

WAY OF LIFE

May batas man o wala , kailangang matanto ng bawat isa, na ang pag aalaga sa ating
kalikasan ay isang disiplina ng pamumuhay.