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Nokia RNC 2600 Architecture -

Overview
RNC 2600 Block Diagram
RNC Basic Units

OMU

The RNC always includes a duplicated (2N) redundancy based OMU unit.
Duplicated system disk units (WDUs) are connected to and controlled by
the OMU. The system disk units contain the operative software and the
fallback software of the RNC.

The functions of OMU includes:

1. Maintaining radio network configuration.

2. Recovery procedures in case of fault.

3. Monitors the status of the network and blocks the faulty units if
necessary.

4. The OMU contains the radio network database, ATM/IP configuration


database, RNC equipment database and alarm history database.

5. The OMU unit further serves as an interface between the RNC and the
Standalone OMS (SA OMS) if later is present.
RNC Basic Units

ICSU

The Interface Control and Signaling Unit (ICSU) performs those RNC
functions that are highly dependent on the signaling to other network
elements. ICSU has N+1 redundancy.
The functions of ICSU includes:

1. Layer-3 signaling protocols: RANAP, NBAP, RNSAP & RRC.

2. Transport network level signaling protocol ALCAP

3. Handover Control

4. Admission Control

5. Power Control

6. Packet scheduler Control


RNC Basic Units

DMCU

The Data and Macro Diversity Combining Unit (DMCU) performs RNC-related
user and control plane functions. It handles protocols like FP, RLC and
MAC. The unit is SN+ redundant.
The following are the functions preformed by DMCU:

1. Macro Diversity Combining and OLPC (Outer loop power control)

2. Ciphering

3. PDCP function (Header compression)

4. High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) processing


DMCU Hardware Architecture

The DMCU has a hierarchical HW structure, consisting of Data and Macro


Diversity Processor Groups (DMPG) and DSPs.
DMPGs are independent of each other, and can communicate through an
external ATM switch. DSPs communicate with Power PC (PPC) and CPM
(Communications Processor Module) only.
There are variants of the DMCU hardware, where the number of DMPGs,
DSPs, and internal buses with their capacities might vary.
RNC Basic Units

RSMU

The resource and switch management unit (RSMU)


performs the RNC's central resource management tasks
such as connection control, internal ATM/IP resource
scheduling and DSP related resource management
tasks. It also performs the call connection related
functions according to requests received from
signaling computer units (ICSU). RSMU has 2N
redundancy.
The functions of RSMU includes:

1. DSP resource management

2. Supervision and management of the DMCU units

3. Software loading of DMCU units

4. Management of ATM connections with DMCU


RNC Switching and Multiplexing Units

SFU

The Switching Fabric Unit (SFU) provides a part of the ATM cell
switching function.
It provides redundancy, full accessibility and is non-blocking at ATM
connection level (that is, if input and output capacity is available,
the connection can be established).
SFU supports point-to-point and point-to-multipoint connection
topologies, as well as differentiated handling of various ATM service
categories.
High capacity network interface units and multiplexer units are
connected to the 2N redundant SFU.
RNC Switching and Multiplexing Units

MXU

The Multiplexer Unit (MXU) multiplexes traffic from tributary units to


the ATM switching fabric.
It allows efficient use of switching resources for low bit rate network
interface units and computer units with small to moderate bandwidth
requirements.
The MXU also includes part of the ATM layer processing functions, such
as policing, statistics, OAM, buffer management and scheduling.
It is a 2N redundant unit.
The RNC has several pairs of MXUs, depending on the configured capacity.
Network Interface Units

NPS1/NPS1P
The network interface and processing unit 8xSTM-
1/OC-3 (NPS1/NPS1P) provides STM-1/OC-3 external
interfaces and the means to execute physical layer
and ATM layer functionality.
The unit maps ATM cells to and from the transmission
frame structure of SDH/ Sonet.
Additionally, the unit performs ATM layer functions
such as
o Header translation
o AAL2 mini-packet switching
o UPC/NPC parameter control
o OAM functions
o Traffic management
o Performance monitoring and performance data
collection.
The unit also provides an optional reference clock
for timing and synchronization.
For Iu-PS interface, part of the GTP protocol
termination is done in NPS1/NPS1P unit.
Network Interface Units

NPGE/NPGEP
The network interface and processing unit 2x1000Base-T/LX
(NPGE/NPGEP) provides Gigabit Ethernet external interfaces
and the means to execute physical layer and IP layer
functionality.
The unit maps IP packets to and from the transmission frame
structure of Ethernet.
Additionally, the unit performs IP layer functions such as
o Header translation
o Traffic management
o Performance monitoring, and performance data collection.
The NPGEP unit supports transmission protection for Gigabit
Ethernet interfaces.
ForIu-PS interface, part of the GTP protocol termination is
done in NPGE/NPGEP unit.
RNC Platform Architecture

The RNC is based on a fault-tolerant computing platform, which constitutes a


base for switching and offers a wide range of cellular and fixed network
applications. The operating system is a platform for other system level
software and all the application software. The most significant functions of
The operating system are:
o Scheduling the processor time
o Synchronization of processes
o Exchange of messages between processes located in one computer or in
separate computers
o Time supervision
o creation and deletion of processes
o Memory allocation and protection
o Observation of message traffic and processor load
o Initialization of the operating system
RNC Capacity Steps and Reference Call Mix Model

High capacity RNC2600 Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

Number of CS subscribers 680 000 1 360 000 2 000 000

Number of PS subscribers 510 300 835 050 1 159 800

CS Busy hour call attempts 680 000 1 360 000 2 000 000

CS Erlangs 17 000 34 000 50 000


CS Voice over HSPA Erlangs
CCP18-C 15 000 30 000 40 000
CCP1D-A 17 000 34 000 50 000
CS Erlangs (including soft 23 800 47 600 70 000
handover)
CS Voice over HSPA Erlangs (including soft handover)
CCP18-C 21 000 42 000 56 000
CCP1D-A 23 800 47 600 70 000
PS Busy hour call attempts
CCP18-C 544 000 1 088 000 1 600 000
CCP1D-A 789 894 1 555 586 2 316 600
DL Iub throughput (Mbit/s) 1 100 1 800 2 500

DL + UL Iub throughput 1 562 2 556 3 550


(Mbit/s)
Number of cells 1 440 2 100 2 800
Number of BTSs 1 440 2 100 2 800
PS Session Busy hour call attempts
CCP18-C 1 088 000 2 176 000 3 200 000
CCP1D-A 1 579 788 3 111 172 4 633 200
RRC connected UEs
CCP18-C 100 000 145 000 200 000
CCP1D-A 335 000 645 000 960 000
Thank You !