You are on page 1of 1

Frs|uljkwhg#pdwhuldo#olfhqvhg#wr#Xqlyhuvlw|#ri#Wrurqwr#e|#Wkrpvrq#Vflhqwlilf/#Lqf1#+zzz1whfkvwuhhw1frp,1##Wklv#frs|#grzqordghg#rq#534803:046#3:=69=6:#03833#e|#dxwkrul}hg#xvhu#orjdq#dkovwurp1##Qr#ix

ASME BPVC.IX-2015

QW-202 TYPE OF TESTS REQUIRED (c) Qualification for Fillet Welds. WPS qualification for
QW-202.1 Mechanical Tests. The type and number fillet welds may be made on grooveweld test coupons
of test specimens that shall be tested to qualify a groove using test specimens specified in (a) or (b). Filletweld
weld procedure are given in QW-451, and shall be re- procedures so qualified may be used for welding all thick-
moved in a manner similar to that shown in Figures nesses of base metal for all sizes of fillet welds, and all dia-
QW-463.1(a) through QW-463.1(f). If any test specimen meters of pipe or tube in accordance with Table
required by QW-451 fails to meet the applicable accep- QW-451.4. Nonpressureretaining fillet welds, as defined
tance criteria, the test coupon shall be considered as in other Sections of the Code, may as an alternate be qual-
failed. ified with fillet welds only. Tests shall be made in accor-
dance with QW-180. Limits of qualification shall be in
When it can be determined that the cause of failure is
accordance with Table QW-451.3.
not related to welding parameters, another test coupon
may be welded using identical welding parameters. QW-202.3 Weld Repair and Buildup. WPS qualified
Alternatively, if adequate material of the original test on groove welds shall be applicable for weld repairs to
coupon exists, additional test specimens may be removed groove and fillet welds and for weld buildup under the
as close as practicable to the original specimen location to following provisions:
replace the failed test specimens. (a) There is no limitation on the thickness of base me-
When it has been determined that the test failure was tal or deposited weld metal for fillet welds.
caused by an essential or supplementary essential vari-
(b) For other than fillet welds, the thickness range for
able, a new test coupon may be welded with appropriate
base metal and deposited weld metal for each welding
changes to the variable(s) that was determined to cause
process shall be in accordance with QW-451, except there
the test failure. If the new test passes, the essential and
need be no upper limit on the base metal thickness pro-
supplementary variables shall be documented on the
vided qualification was made on base metal having a
PQR.
thickness of 11/2 in. (38 mm) or more.
When it is determined that the test failure was caused
by one or more welding related factors other than essen- QW-202.4 Dissimilar Base Metal Thicknesses. WPS
tial or supplementary essential variables, a new test cou- qualified on groove welds shall be applicable for produc-
pon may be welded with the appropriate changes to the tion welds between dissimilar base metal thicknesses
welding related factors that were determined to cause provided:
the test failure. If the new test passes, the welding related (a) the thickness of the thinner member shall be within
factors that were determined to cause the previous test the range permitted by QW-451
failure shall be addressed by the organization to ensure
(b) the thickness of the thicker member shall be as
that the required properties are achieved in the produc-
follows:
tion weldment.
(1) For PNo. 8, PNo. 41, PNo. 42, PNo. 43, PNo.
Where qualification is for fillet welds only, the require-
44, PNo. 45, PNo. 46, PNo. 49, PNo. 51, PNo. 52,
ments are given in QW-202.2(c); and where qualification
PNo. 53, PNo. 61, and PNo. 62 metal, there shall be no
is for stud welds only, the requirements are given in
limitation on the maximum thickness of the thicker pro-
QW-202.5.
duction member in joints of similar PNumber materials
provided qualification was made on base metal having a
QW-202.2 Groove and Fillet Welds thickness of 1/4 in. (6 mm) or greater.
(a) Qualification for Groove Full Penetration Welds. (2) For all other metal, the thickness of the thicker
Grooveweld test coupons shall qualify the thickness member shall be within the range permitted by
ranges of both base metal and deposited weld metal to QW-451, except there need be no limitation on the maxi-
be used in production. Limits of qualification shall be in mum thickness of the thicker production member pro-
accordance with QW-451. WPS qualification for groove vided qualification was made on base metal having a
welds shall be made on groove welds using tension and thickness of 11/2 in. (38 mm) or more.
guidedbend specimens. Notchtoughness tests shall be More than one procedure qualification may be required
made when required by other Section(s) of the Code. to qualify for some dissimilar thickness combinations.
The WPS shall be qualified for use with groove welds
within the range of essential variables listed. QW-202.5 Stud Welding. Procedure qualification
(b) Qualification for Partial Penetration Groove Welds. tests for stud welds shall be made in accordance with
Partial penetration groove welds shall be qualified in ac- QW-192. The procedure qualification tests shall qualify
cordance with the requirements of QW-451 for both base the welding procedures for use within the range of the es-
metal and deposited weld metal thickness, except there sential variables of Table QW-261. For studs welded to
need be no upper limit on the base metal thickness pro- other than PNo. 1 metals, five additional welds shall be
vided qualification was made on base metal having a made and subjected to a macrotest, except that this is
thickness of 11/2 in. (38 mm) or more. not required for studs used for extended heating surfaces.

30