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BiPAC 7402NX(L)

802.11n 3G/ADSL2+
(VPN) Firewall Router

User Manual

Last Revision Date: 28-05-2008


Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................. 3


INTRODUCTION TO YOUR ROUTER................................................................................................. 3
FEATURES .............................................................................................................................................. 3
CHAPTER 2: INSTALLING THE ROUTER ......................................................................................... 6
IMPORTANT NOTE FOR USING THIS ROUTER ............................................................................... 6
PACKAGE CONTENTS.......................................................................................................................... 6
THE FRONT LEDS ................................................................................................................................. 7
THE REAR PORTS.................................................................................................................................. 8
CABLING ................................................................................................................................................ 9
CHAPTER 3: BASIC INSTALLATION................................................................................................ 10
CONNECTING YOUR ROUTER ..........................................................................................................11
FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS ........................................................................................................ 16
Web Interface (Username and Password) .......................................................................................... 16
Device LAN IP settings....................................................................................................................... 16
ISP setting in WAN site ....................................................................................................................... 16
DHCP server ...................................................................................................................................... 16
LAN and WAN Port Addresses............................................................................................................ 16
INFORMATION FROM YOUR ISP ..................................................................................................... 17
CONFIGURING WITH YOUR WEB BROWSER ............................................................................... 18
CHAPTER 4: CONFIGURATION......................................................................................................... 19
STATUS.................................................................................................................................................. 20
ADSL Status ........................................................................................................................................ 20
3G Status............................................................................................................................................. 20
ARP Table ........................................................................................................................................... 21
DHCP Table........................................................................................................................................ 21
Routing Table...................................................................................................................................... 22
NAT Sessions ...................................................................................................................................... 23
UPnP Portmap ................................................................................................................................... 23
PPTP Status ........................................................................................................................................ 23
IPSec Status ........................................................................................................................................ 24
L2TP Status......................................................................................................................................... 24
Email Status........................................................................................................................................ 25
Event Log............................................................................................................................................ 25
Error Log............................................................................................................................................ 25
Diagnostic........................................................................................................................................... 26
QUICK START ...................................................................................................................................... 26
CONFIGURATION................................................................................................................................ 29
LAN - Local Area Network ................................................................................................................. 29
Bridge Interface .............................................................................................................................. 29
Ethernet........................................................................................................................................... 30
IP Alias............................................................................................................................................ 31
Ethernet Client Filter ...................................................................................................................... 32
Wireless .......................................................................................................................................... 33
Wireless Security (Wireless Router only) ...................................................................................... 35
Wireless Client / MAC Address Filter............................................................................................ 37
WPS................................................................................................................................................ 38
Port Setting ..................................................................................................................................... 38

Table of Contents i
DHCP Server .................................................................................................................................. 39
WAN - Wide Area Network.................................................................................................................. 40
WAN Interface................................................................................................................................ 40
WAN Profile ................................................................................................................................... 42
ADSL Mode.................................................................................................................................... 48
System ................................................................................................................................................. 49
Time Zone....................................................................................................................................... 49
Remote Access................................................................................................................................ 50
Firmware Upgrade.......................................................................................................................... 50
Backup / Restore............................................................................................................................. 51
Restart Router ................................................................................................................................. 52
User Management........................................................................................................................... 53
Firewall and Access Control .............................................................................................................. 54
General Settings.............................................................................................................................. 55
(Changed the format only.)............................................................................................................. 56
Packet Filter.................................................................................................................................... 57
Intrusion Detection ......................................................................................................................... 64
URL Filter....................................................................................................................................... 67
IM / P2P Blocking .......................................................................................................................... 69
Firewall Log ................................................................................................................................... 70
VPN - Virtual Private Networks ......................................................................................................... 71
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) ..................................................................................... 71
IPSec (IP Security Protocol)........................................................................................................... 79
L2TP (Layer Two Tunneling Protocol) .......................................................................................... 88
QoS - Quality of Service ................................................................................................................... 100
Prioritization ................................................................................................................................. 100
Outbound IP Throttling (LAN to WAN)....................................................................................... 102
Inbound IP Throttling (WAN to LAN) ......................................................................................... 103
Virtual Server (known as Port Forwarding)..................................................................................... 109
Add Virtual Server.........................................................................................................................110
Edit DMZ Host ..............................................................................................................................111
Edit DMZ Host ..............................................................................................................................112
Edit One-to-One NAT (Network Address Translation) .................................................................113
Time Schedule ....................................................................................................................................116
Configuration of Time Schedule ...................................................................................................117
Advanced ...........................................................................................................................................118
Static Route....................................................................................................................................118
Dynamic DNS ...............................................................................................................................119
Check Email ................................................................................................................................. 120
Device Management ..................................................................................................................... 121
IGMP ............................................................................................................................................ 124
VLAN Bridge ............................................................................................................................... 124
LOGOUT.............................................................................................................................................. 125
CHAPTER 5: TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................ 126
PROBLEMS STARTING UP THE ROUTER ..................................................................................... 126
PROBLEMS WITH THE WAN INTERFACE .................................................................................... 126
PROBLEMS WITH THE LAN INTERFACE ..................................................................................... 126
APPENDIX A: PRODUCT SUPPORT AND CONTACT INFORMATION.................................... 127

Table of Contents iii


Billion BiPAC 7402NX(L) 802.11n 3G/ADSL2+ (VPN) Firewall Router

Chapter 1: Introduction

Introduction to your Router


Welcome to the BiPAC 7402NX(L) 802.11n 3G/ ADSL2+ (VPN) Firewall Router. The router is an
“all-in-one” ADSL router, combining an ADSL modem, ADSL router and Ethernet network switch
functionalities, providing everything you need to get the machines on your network connected to the
Internet over your ADSL broadband connection. With features such as an ADSL Quick-Start wizard and
DHCP Server, you can be online in no time at all and with a minimum of fuss and configuration, catering
for first-time users to the guru requiring advanced features and control over their Internet connection and
network.

Features
Express Internet Access
This router complies with worldwide ADSL standards. It supports downstream rates of up to 12/24
Mbps with ADSL2/2+, 8 Mbps with ADSL, and upstream rates of up to 1 Mbps. With this technology,
users enjoy not only high-speed ADSL service but also broadband multimedia applications such as
interactive gaming, video streaming and real-time audio much more quickly and easily than ever. In
particular, by doubling the upstream data rate, the Annex M standard included in the BiPAC 7402NX
model supports the latest ADSL2/2+ for higher upload speeds.

Virtual Private Network (VPN) (BiPAC 7402NX only)


It allows user to make a tunnel with a remote site directly to secure the data transmission among
the connection. User can use embedded PPTP and L2TP client/server, IKE and IPSec which are
supported by this router to make a VPN connection or users can run the PPTP client in PC and the
router already provides IPSec and PPTP pass through function to establish a VPN connection if the
user likes to run the PPTP client in his local computer.

802.11n Wireless AP with WPA Support


With an integrated 802.11n Wireless Access Point in the router, the device delivers up to 6 times
faster speeds and 3 times farther range than an 802.11b/g wireless network. It offers a quick yet
easily accessible and mobile to the users among wired network, wireless network, broadband
connection (ADSL). In addition to having a 300Mbps. data rate, it is also backward compatible with
existing 802.11b/11g equipments. The supported features of Wireless Protected Access
(WPA-PSK/ WPA2-PSK) and Wireless Encryption Protocol (WEP) enhance the security level of
data protection and access control via Wireless LAN.

Fast Ethernet Switch


A 4-port 10/100/1000Mbps fast Ethernet switch is built in with automatic switching between MDI
and MDI-X for 10Base-T, 100Base-TX and 1000Base-TX ports. An Ethernet straight or crossover
cable can be used directly for auto detection.

Multi-Protocol to Establish a Connection


It supports PPPoA (RFC 2364 - PPP over ATM Adaptation Layer 5), RFC 1483 encapsulation over
ATM (bridged or routed), PPP over Ethernet (RFC 2516), and IPoA (RFC1577) to establish a
connection with the ISP. The product also supports VC-based and LLC-based multiplexing.

Quick Installation Wizard


It supports a WEB GUI page to install this device quickly. With this wizard, end users can enter the
information easily which they get from their ISP, then surf the Internet immediately.

Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) and UPnP NAT Traversal

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This protocol is used to enable simple and robust connectivity among stand-alone devices and PCs
from many different vendors. It makes network simple and affordable for users. UPnP architecture
leverages TCP/IP and the Web to enable seamless proximity networking in addition to control and
data transfer among networked devices. With this feature enabled, users can now connect to Net
meeting or MSN Messenger seamlessly.

Network Address Translation (NAT)


Allows multi-users to access outside resources such as the Internet simultaneously with one IP
address/one Internet access account. Many application layer gateway (ALG) are supported such as
web browser, ICQ, FTP, Telnet, E-mail, News, Net2phone, Ping, NetMeeting, IP phone and others.

SOHO Firewall Security with DoS and SPI


Along with the built-in NAT natural firewall feature, the router also provides advanced hacker
pattern-filtering protection. It can automatically detect and block Denial of Service (DoS) attacks.
The router is built with Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) to determine if a data packet is allowed
through the firewall to the private LAN.

Domain Name System (DNS) Relay


It provides an easy way to map the domain name (a friendly name for users such as
www.yahoo.com) and IP address. When a local machine sets its DNS server with this router’s IP
address, every DNS conversion request packet from the PC to this router will be forwarded to the
real DNS in the outside network.

Dynamic Domain Name System (DDNS)


The Dynamic DNS service allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname. This
dynamic IP address is the WAN IP address. For example, to use the service, you must first apply for
an account from a DDNS service like http://www.dyndns.org/. More than 5 DDNS servers are
supported.

Quality of Service (QoS)


QoS gives you full control over which types of outgoing data traffic should be given priority by the
router, ensuring important data like gaming packets, customer information, or management
information move through the router ay lightning speed, even under heavy load. The QoS features
are configurable by source IP address, destination IP address, protocol, and port. You can throttle
the speed at which different types of outgoing data pass through the router, to ensure P2P users
don’t saturate upload bandwidth, or office browsing doesn’t bring client web serving to a halt. In
addition, or alternatively, you can simply change the priority of different types of upload data and let
the router sort out the actual speeds.

Virtual Server (“port forwarding”)


Users can specify some services to be visible from outside users. The router can detect incoming
service requests and forward either a single port or a range of ports to the specific local computer to
handle it. For example, a user can assign a PC in the LAN acting as a WEB server inside and
expose it to the outside network. Outside users can browse inside web servers directly while it is
protected by NAT. A DMZ host setting is also provided to a local computer exposed to the outside
network, Internet.

Rich Packet Filtering


Not only filters the packet based on IP address, but also based on Port numbers. It will filter packets
from and to the Internet, and also provides a higher level of security control.

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Client and Server


In the WAN site, the DHCP client can get an IP address from the Internet Service Provider (ISP)
automatically. In the LAN site, the DHCP server can allocate a range of client IP addresses and
distribute them including IP address, subnet mask as well as DNS IP address to local computers. It
provides an easy way to manage the local IP network.

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Static and RIP1/2 Routing


It has routing capability and supports easy static routing table or RIP1/2 routing protocol.

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)


It is an easy way to remotely manage the router via SNMP.

Web based GUI


It supports web based GUI for configuration and management. It is user-friendly and comes with
on-line help. It also supports remote management capability for remote users to configure and
manage this product.

Firmware Upgradeable
Device can be upgraded to the latest firmware through the WEB based GUI.

Rich Management Interfaces


It supports flexible management interfaces with local console port, LAN port, and WAN port. Users
can use terminal applications through the console port to configure and manage the device, or
Telnet, WEB GUI, and SNMP through LAN or WAN ports to configure and manage the device.

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Chapter 2: Installing the Router

Important note for using this router

 Do not use this router under high humidity or high temperatures.


 Do not use the same power source for this router as other
equipment.
 Do not open or repair the case by yourself. If this router is too
Warning hot, turn off the power immediately and have it repaired at a
qualified service center.
 Avoid using this product and all accessories outdoors.

 Place this router on a stable surface.


 Only use the power adapter that comes with the package. Using
a different voltage rating power adaptor may damage this router.
Attention

Package Contents
BiPAC 7402NX(L) 802.11n 3G/ ADSL2+ (VPN) Firewall Router
CD containing the on-line manual
RJ-11 ADSL/ telephone cable
Ethernet (CAT-5 LAN) cable
Three 2dbi detachable antennas
AC-DC power adapter
PS2-RS 232 console cable
Quick Start Guide
Splitter/ Micro-filter (Optional)

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The Front LEDs

1 2 3 4 5 6

LED Meaning

Lit when power turns ON. Lit in red means POST (Power On Self
1 Power Test) failure (non-bootable) or device malfunction. Restart the
device or contact Billion for technical support.
Lit when one of LAN ports are connected to Ethernet devices.
If the speed of transmission hits 1000Mbps light will appear
LAN Port
Green; If the speed of transmission hits 100Mbps light will appear
2 1X — 4X
Orange. If the speed of transmission hits 10Mbps, light will not
(RJ-45 connector)
shine.
Blinking when data is Transmitted / Received.
Lit green when the device is connected to a USB device and
3 USB ready.
Flashing when the device is sending/receiving data.
Lit green when the wireless connection is established.
4 Wireless Flashing when the device is sending/receiving data.
Flashes steadily when the WPS is active.
Lit Green when the device is successfully connected to an ADSL
5 DSL
DSLAM (“line sync”).
Lit red when WAN port fails to get IP address.
Lit green when WAN port gets IP address successfully.
6 Internet Flashing green when IP traffic flows through the device.
Lit off when the device is in the bridged mode or when ADSL
connection is not present.

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The Rear Ports


1

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Port Meaning

1 Antenna Connect the detachable antenna to this port.

DSL Connect the supplied RJ-11 (“telephone”) cable on this port


2 when connecting to the ADSL/telephone network.
LAN
Connect a UTP Ethernet cable (Cat-5 or Cat-5e) to one of the
3 1X — 4X LAN ports when connecting to a PC or an office/home
(RJ-45 connector) network of 10Mbps, 100Mbps or 1000Mbps.

4 USB Connect the USB cable on this port.

Console port.
5 Console
3G/ HSDPA USB modem backup for Internet access.
Push WPS button to trigger Wi-Fi Protected Setup
6 WPS
function.
To be sure the device is being turned on  press RESET
button for:
1-3 seconds: quick reset the device.
6 seconds above, and power off, power on the device:
7 RESET restore to factory default settings. (Cannot login to the router
or forgot your Username/Password. Press the button for
more than 6 seconds).
Caution: After pressing the RESET button for more than 6 seconds,
to be sure you power cycle the device again.

8 Power Power ON/OFF switch

9 Power Switch Connect the supplied power adapter to this jack.

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Cabling
One of the most common causes of problems is the bad cabling or ADSL line(s). Make sure that all
connected devices are turned on. On the front of the product is a bank of LEDs. Verify that the LAN Link
and ADSL line LEDs are lit. If they are not, verify that you are using the proper cables.

Ensure that all other devices connected to the same telephone line as your router (e.g. telephones, fax
machines, analogue modems) have a line filter connected between them and the wall socket (unless you
are using a Central Splitter or Central Filter installed by a qualified and licensed electrician), and ensure
that all line filters are correctly installed and the right way around. Missing line filters or line filters installed
the wrong way around can cause problems with your ADSL connection, including causing frequent
disconnections.

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Chapter 3: Basic Installation

The router can be configured with your web browser. A web browser is included as a standard application
in the following operating systems: Linux, Mac OS, Windows 98/NT/2000/XP/Me, etc. The product
provides an easy and user-friendly interface for configuration.

Please check your PC’s network components. The TCP/IP protocol stack and Ethernet network adapter
must be installed. If not, please refer to your Windows-related or other operating system manuals.

There are ways to connect with the router, either through an external repeater hub to the router or directly
connecting with PCs. However, to be sure PCs have an Ethernet interface installed properly prior to
connecting to the router device. You ought to configure your PCs to obtain an IP address through a
DHCP server or a fixed IP address that must be in the same subnet as the router. The default IP address
of the router is 192.168.1.254 and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0 (i.e. any attached PC must be in the
same subnet, and have an IP address in the range of 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.253). The best and
easiest way is to configure the PC to get an IP address automatically from the router using DHCP. If you
encounter any problem accessing the router’s web interface it may also be advisable to uninstall any
kind of software firewall on your PCs, as they can cause problems accessing the 192.168.1.254 IP
address of the router. Users should make their own decisions on how to best protect their network.

Please follow the steps below for your PC’s network environment installation.

Any TCP/IP capable workstation can be used to communicate with


or through the router. To configure other types of workstations,
please consult the manufacturer’s documentation.

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Connecting Your Router

1. Connect this router to a LAN (Local Area Network) and the ADSL/telephone (ADSL) network.
2. Power on the device.
3. Make sure the Power is lit steadily and that the LAN LED is lit.
4. Connect RJ-11 cable to LINE Port when connecting to the telephone wall jack.
5. Connect USB 2.0 cable.

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Configuring PCs in Windows in Window XP

1. Go to Start / Control Panel (in Classic View). In the Control


Panel, double-click Network Connections.
2. Double-click Local Area Connection. (See Figure 3.1)

Figure 3.1: LAN Area Connection

3. In the LAN Area Connection Status window, click


Properties. (See Figure 3.2)

Figure 3.2: LAN Connection Status

4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.


(See Figure 3.3)

Figure 3.3: TCP / IP

5. Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain


DNS server address automatically radio buttons. (See
Figure 3.4)
6. Click OK to finish the configuration.

Figure 3.4: IP Address & DNS


Configuration

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Configuring PCs in Windows 2000

1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel,


double-click Network and Dial-up Connections.
2. Double-click Local Area (“LAN”) Connection. (See Figure
3.5)

Figure 3.5: LAN Area Connection

3. In the LAN Area Connection Status window, click


Properties. (See Figure 3.6)

Figure 3.6: LAN Connection Status

4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.


(See Figure 3.7)

Figure 3.7: TCP / IP

5. Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain


DNS server address automatically radio buttons. (See
Figure 3.8)
6. Click OK to finish the configuration.

Figure 3.8: IP Address & DNS


Configuration

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Configuring PC in Windows 95/98/ME

1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel,


double-click Network and choose the Configuration tab.
2. Select TCP / IP -> NE2000 Compatible, or the name of any
Network Interface Card (NIC) in your PC. (See Figure 3.9)
3. Click Properties.

Figure 3.9: TCP / IP

4. Select the IP Address tab. In this page, click the Obtain an IP


address automatically radio button. (See Figure 3.10)

Figure 3.10: IP Address

5. Then select the DNS Configuration tab. (See Figure 3.11)


6. Select the Disable DNS radio button and click OK to finish
the configuration.

Figure 3.11: DNS Configuration

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Configuring PC in Windows NT4.0

1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control


Panel, double-click Network and choose the Protocols tab.
2. Select TCP/IP Protocol and click Properties. (See Figure
3.12)

Figure 3.12: TCP / IP

3. Select the Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server radio


button and click OK. (See Figure 3.13)

Figure 3.13: IP Address

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Factory Default Settings


Before configuring your, you need to know the following default settings.

Web Interface (Username and Password)


Username: admin
Password: admin
The default username and password are “admin” and “admin” respectively.

If you ever forget the username/password to login to the router, you may
press the RESET button up to 6 seconds to restore the factory default
settings.
Caution: After pressing the RESET button for more than 6 seconds, to be sure you power
Attention cycle the device again.
Attention

Device LAN IP settings


IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0

ISP setting in WAN site


PPPoE

DHCP server
DHCP server is enabled.
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.100
IP pool counts: 100

LAN and WAN Port Addresses

The parameters of LAN and WAN ports are pre-set in the factory. The default values are shown below.

LAN Port WAN Port

IP address 192.168.1.254

Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0 The PPPoE function is enabled


to automatically get the WAN
DHCP server function Enabled
port configuration from the ISP.
IP addresses for 100 IP addresses continuing from
distribution to PCs 192.168.1.100 through 192.168.1.199

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Information from your ISP


Before configuring this device, you have to check with your ISP (Internet Service Provider) to find out
what kind of service is provided such as DHCP (Obtain an IP Address Automatically, Static IP (Fixed IP
Address) and PPPoE.

Gather the information as illustrated in the following table and keep it for reference.

VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password, Service Name,


and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically
PPPoE(RFC2516)
assigned by your ISP when you connect or be set manually).

VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password and Domain


PPPoA(RFC2684) Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically assigned by your ISP
when you connect or be set manually).

VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway


MPoA(RFC1483/RF
address, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is a fixed IP
C2684)
address).

VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway


IPoA(RFC1577) address, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is a fixed IP
address).

Pure Bridge VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing to use Bridged Mode.

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Configuring with your Web Browser


Open your web browser, enter the IP address of your router, which by default is 192.168.1.254, and click
“Go”, a user name and password window prompt will appear. The default username and password
are “admin” and “admin” respectively. (See Figure 3.14)

Figure 3.14: User name & Password Prompt Window

Congratulations! You are now successfully logon to the Router!

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Chapter 4: Configuration

At the configuration homepage, the left navigation pane where bookmarks are provided links you directly
to the desired setup page, including:
Status
- ADSL Status
- 3G Status
- ARP Table
- DHCP Table
- Routing Table
- NAT Sessions
- UPnP Portmap
- PPTP Status
- IPSec Status
- L2TP Status
- Email Status
- Event Log
- Error Log
- Diagnostic
Quick Start
Configuration
- LAN
- WAN
- System
- Firewall
- VPN
- QoS
- Virtual Server
- Time Schedule
- Advanced
Language (provides user interface in English and French languages)

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Status
ADSL Status
This section displays the ADSL overall status, which shows a number of helpful information such
as DSP firmware version.

3G Status
This section displays the 3G Card’s overall status, which shows you a number of helpful
information such as the current signal strength and statistics on current and total bytes
transferred and received (Note: 3G card/modem does not come with the router).

Status: The current status of the 3G card.

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Signal Strength: The signal strength bar indicates current 3G signal strength.
Network Name: The network name that the device is connected to.
Card Name: The name of the 3G card.
Card Firmware: The current firmware for the 3G card.
Current TX Bytes / Packets: The statistics of transmission, count for this call.
Current RX Bytes / Packets: The statistics of receive, count for this call.
Total TX Bytes / Packets: The statistics of transmission, count from system ready
Total RX Bytes / Packets: The statistics of receive, count from system ready

ARP Table
This section displays the router’s ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) Table, which shows the mapping of
Internet (IP) addresses to Ethernet (MAC) addresses. This is useful as a quick way of determining the
MAC address of the network interface of your PCs to use with the router’s Firewall – MAC Address
Filter function. See the Firewall section of this manual for more information on this feature.

IP Address: A list of IP addresses of devices on your LAN (Local Area Network).


MAC Address: The MAC (Media Access Control) addresses for each device on your LAN.
Interface: The interface name (on the router) that this IP Address connects to.
Static: Static status of the ARP table entry:
 “no” for dynamically-generated ARP table entries.
 “yes” for static ARP table entries added by the user.

DHCP Table

Leased: The DHCP assigned IP addresses information.


Expired: The expired IP addresses information.
Permanent: The fixed host mapping information

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Leased Table

IP Address: The IP address that assigned to client.


MAC Address: The MAC address of client.
Client Host Name: The Host Name (Computer Name) of client.
Expiry: The current lease time of client.

Routing Table

Routing Table
Valid: It indicates a successful routing status.
Destination: The IP address of the destination network.
Netmask: The destination Netmask address.
Gateway/Interface: The IP address of the gateway or existing interface that this route will use.
Cost: The number of hops counted as the cost of the route.

RIP Routing Table


Destination: The IP address of the destination network.
Netmask: The destination Netmask address.
Gateway: The IP address of the gateway that this route will use.
Cost: The number of hops counted as the cost of the route.

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NAT Sessions
This section lists all current NAT sessions between interface of types external (WAN) and internal (LAN).

UPnP Portmap
The section lists all port-mapping established using UPnP (Universal Plug and Play. See Advanced
section of this manual for more details on UPnP and the router’s UPnP configuration options.

PPTP Status
This shows details of your configured PPTP VPN Connections.

Name: The name you assigned to the particular PPTP connection in your VPN configuration.
Type: The type of connection (dial-in/dial-out).
Enable: Whether the connection is currently enabled.
Active: Whether the connection is currently active.

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Tunnel Connected: Whether the VPN Tunnel is currently connected.


Call Connected: If the Call for this VPN entry is currently connected.
Encryption: The encryption type used for this VPN connection.

IPSec Status
This shows details of your configured IPSec VPN Connections.

Name: The name you assigned to the particular VPN entry.


Active: Whether the VPN Connection is currently Active.
Connection State: Whether the VPN is Connected or Disconnected.
Statistics: Statistics for this VPN Connection.
Local Subnet: The local IP Address or Subnet used.
Remote Subnet: The Subnet of the remote site.
Remote Gateway: The Remote Gateway IP address.
SA: The Security Association for this VPN entry.

L2TP Status
This shows details of your configured L2TP VPN Connections.

Name: The name you assigned to the particular L2TP connection in your VPN configuration.
Type: The type of connection (dial-in/dial-out).
Enable: Whether the connection is currently enabled.
Active: Whether the connection is currently active.
Tunnel Connected: Whether the VPN Tunnel is currently connected.
Call Connected: If the Call for this VPN entry is currently connected.

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Encryption: The encryption type used for this VPN connection.

Email Status
Details and status for the Email Account you have configured the router to check. Please see the
Advanced section of this manual for details on this function.

Event Log
This page displays the router’s Event Log entries. Major events are logged to this window, such as when
the router’s ADSL connection is disconnected, as well as Firewall events when you have enabled
Intrusion or Blocking Logging in the Configuration – Firewall section of the interface. Please see the
Firewall section of this manual for more details on how to enable Firewall logging.

Error Log
Any errors encountered by the router (e.g. invalid names given to entries) are logged to this window.

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Diagnostic
It tests the connection to computer(s) which is connected to LAN ports and also the WAN Internet
connection. If PING www.google.com is shown FAIL and the rest is PASS, you ought to check your
PC’s DNS settings is set correctly.

Quick Start
1. Click Quick Start. Select the connect mode you want. There are two options you can
choose, ADSL and 3G. Select ADSL from Connect Mode drop-down menu, and click
Continue.

2. If your ADSL line is not ready, you need to check your ADSL line has been set or not.

3. If your ADSL line is ready, the screen appears ADSL Line is Ready. Choose Auto radio button and
click Apply. It will automatically scan the recommended mode for you. Manually mode makes you to
set the ADSL line by manual. (If you choose Manually, you will directly go to step 5.)

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4. The list below has different mode applied for your choice. Choose 0/33/PPPoE(Recommended) and
click Apply.

5. Please enter “Username” and “Password” as supplied by your ISP(Internet Service Provider) and
click Apply to continue.

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Profile Port: Select the connection mode. There are ADSL and 3G.
Encapsulation: Select the encapsulation mode. The default mode is PPPoE.
VPI/VCI: Enter the VPI and VCI information provided by your ISP.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP.
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP provides you the
information.
Authentication Protocol: Default is Auto. Your ISP advises on using Chap or Pap.
IP Address: Your WAN IP address. Leave this at 0.0.0.0 to obtain automatically an IP address
from your ISP.

6. Configure the Wireless LAN setting.

WLAN Service: Default setting is set to Enable. If you want to use wireless, 802.11n, 802.11g
and 802.11b device in your network, you can select Enable.
ESSID: The ESSID is the unique name of a wireless access point (AP) to be distinguished from
another. For security propose, change to a unique ID name to the AP which is already built-in to
the router’s wireless interface. It is case sensitive and must not excess 32 characters. Make sure
your wireless clients have exactly the ESSID as the device, in order to get connected to your
network.
ESSID Broadcast: It is function in which transmits its ESSID to the air so that when wireless
client searches for a network, router can then be discovered and recognized. Default setting is
Enable.
 Enable: When Enable is selected, you can allow anybody with a wireless client to be
able to locate the Access Point (AP) of your router.
 Disable: Select Disable if you do not want broadcast your ESSID. When select Disable,
no one will be able to locate the Access Point (AP) of your router.
Channel ID: Select the ID channel that you would like to use.
Security Mode: You can disable or enable with WPA or WEP for protecting wireless network.
The default mode of wireless security is Disable.

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7. Wait for the configuration.

8. If connection is successful the following image will be shown.

Configuration

When you click this item, you get following sub-items to configure the ADSL router.

- LAN, WAN, System, Firewall, VPN, QoS, Virtual Server, Time Schedule and Advanced

These functions are described below in the following sections.

LAN - Local Area Network


Here are the items within the LAN section: Bridge Interface, Ethernet, IP Alias, Ethernet Client Filter,
Wireless, Wireless Security, Wireless Client Filter, WPS, Port Setting and DHCP Server.

Bridge Interface

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You can setup member ports for each VLAN group under Bridge Interface section. From the example, two
VLAN groups need to be created.
Ethernet: P1 and P2 (Port 1, 2).
Ethernet1: P3, P4 and Wireless (Port 3, 4, Wireless). Uncheck P3, P4 and Wireless from Ethernet VLAN
port first.
Note: You should setup each VLAN group with caution. Each Bridge Interface is arranged in this order.

Bridge Interface VLAN Port (Always starts with)


ethernet P1 / P2 / P3 / P4 / Wireless
ethernet1 P2 / P3 / P4 / Wireless
ethernet2 P3 / P4 / Wireless
ethernet3 P4 / Wireless
ethernet4 Wireless

Management Interface: To specify which VLAN group has possibility to do device management, like
doing web management.
Note: NAT/NAPT can be applied to management interface only
Ethernet

Primary IP Address
IP Address: The default IP on this router.
Subnet Mask: The default subnet mask on this router.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.

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IP Alias

This function creates multiple virtual IP interfaces on this router. It helps to connect two or more local
networks to the ISP or remote node. In this case, an internal router is not required.

IP Address: Specify an IP address on this virtual interface.


SubNetmask: Specify a subnet mask on this virtual interface.
Security Interface: Specify the firewall setting on this virtual interface.
Internal: The network is behind NAT. All traffic will do network address translation when sending out to
Internet if NAT is enabled.
External: There is no NAT on this IP interface and connected to the Internet directly. Mostly it will be used
when providing multiple public IP addresses by ISP. In this case, you can use public IP address in local
network which gateway IP address point to the IP address on this interface.
DMZ: Specify this network to DMZ area. There is no NAT on this interface.

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Ethernet Client Filter

The Ethernet Client Filter supports up to 16 Ethernet network machines that helps you to manage your
network control to accept traffic from specific authorized machines or can restrict unwanted machine(s) to
access your LAN.
There are no pre-define Ethernet MAC address filter rules; you can add the filter rules to meet your
requirements.

Ethernet Client Filter: Default setting is set Disable.


 Allowed: check to authorize specific device accessing your LAN by insert the MAC Address in
the space provided or click . Make sure your PC’s MAC is listed.
 Blocked: check to prevent unwanted device accessing your LAN by insert the MAC Address in
the space provided or click . Make sure your PC’s MAC is not listed.
The maximum client is 16. The MAC addresses are 6 bytes long; they are presented only in
hexadecimal characters. The number 0 - 9 and letters a - f are acceptable.
Note: Follow the MAC Address Format xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx. Semicolon ( : ) must be included.
Candidates: automatically detects devices connected to the router through the Ethernet. .

→ Active PC in LAN

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Active PC in LAN displays a list of individual Ethernet device’s IP Address & MAC Address which
connecting to the router.
You can easily by checking the box next to the IP address to be blocked or allowed. Then, Add to insert to
the Ethernet Client Filter table. The maximum Ethernet client is 16.

Wireless

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Parameters
WLAN Service: Default setting is set to Enable. If you do not have any wireless, 802.11n, 802.11g
and 802.11b, device in your network, select Disable.
Mode: The default setting is 802.11b+g+n (Mixed mode). If you do not know or have both 11g and 11n
devices in your network, then keep the default in mixed mode. From the drop-down manual, you can
select 802.11g if you have only 11g card. If you have only 11b card, then select 802.11b. If you have only
11n card, then select 802.11n.
ESSID: The ESSID is the unique name of a wireless access point (AP) to be distinguished from another.
For security purpose, change the default wlan-ap to a unique ID name to the AP which is already built-in
to the router’s wireless interface. It is case sensitive and must not excess 32 characters. Make sure your
wireless clients have exactly the ESSID as the device, in order to get connected to your network.
Note: It is case sensitive and must not excess 32 characters.
ESSID Broadcast: It is function in which transmits its ESSID to the air so that when wireless client
searches for a network, router can then be discovered and recognized. Default setting is Enabled.
 Disable: If you do not want broadcast your ESSID. Any client uses “any” wireless setting
cannot discover the Access Point (AP) of your router.
 Enable: Any client that using the “any” setting can discover the Access Point (AP) in
Regulation Domain: There are seven Regulation Domains for you to choose from, including North
America (N.America), Europe, France, etc. The Channel ID will be different based on this setting.
Channel Wdith: Select either 20 MHz or 20/40 MHz for the channel bandwidth. The higher the bandwidth
the better the performance will be.
Channel ID: Select the wireless connection ID channel that you would like to use.
Note: Wireless performance may degrade if select ID channel is already being occupied by other AP(s).
TX PowerLevel: It is a function that enhances the wireless transmitting signal strength. User may
adjust this power level from minimum 1 up to maximum 100.
Note: The Power Level maybe different in each access network user premises environment and choose the most
suitable level for your network.
Connected: Representing in true or false. That it is the connection status between the system and the
build-in wireless card.
AP MAC Address: It is a unique hardware address of the Access Point.
AP Firmware Version: The Access Point firmware version.

Wireless Distribution System (WDS)

It is a wireless access point mode that enables wireless link and communication with other access point.
It is easy to be installed simply to define peer’s MAC address of the connected AP. WDS takes
advantages of cost saving and flexibility which no extra wireless client device is required to bridge
between two access points and extending an existing wired or wireless infrastructure network to create a
larger network. It can connect up to 4 wireless APs for extending cover range at the same time.

In addition, WDS enhances its link connection security in WEP mode, WEP key encryption must be the
same for both access points.

WDS Service: The default setting is Disabled. Check Enable radio button to activate this function.
1. Peer WDS MAC Address: It is the associated AP’s MAC Address. It is important that your peer’s AP
must include your MAC address in order to acknowledge and communicate with each other.
2. Peer WDS MAC Address: It is the second associated AP’s MAC Address.
3. Peer WDS MAC Address: It is the third associated AP’s MAC Address.
4. Peer WDS MAC Address: It is the fourth associated AP’s MAC Address.
Note: For MAC Address, Semicolon ( : ) must be included.
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Wireless Security (Wireless Router only)

You can disable or enable with WPA or WEP for protecting wireless network.
The default mode of wireless security is disabled.

WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK

Security Mode: You can disable or enable with WPA or WEP for protecting wireless network.
The default mode of wireless security is Disable.
WPA Algorithms: There are two types of the WPA-PSK, and WPA2-PSK. The WPA-PSK adapts the
TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) encrypted algorithms, which incorporates Message Integrity Code
(MIC) to provide protection against hackers. The WPA2-PSK adapts CCMP (Cipher Block Chaining
Message Authentication Code Protocol) of the AES (Advanced Encryption Security) algorithms.
WPA Shared Key: The key for network authentication. The input format is in character style and key size
should be in the range between 8 and 63 characters.
Group Key Renewal: The period of renewal time for changing the security key automatically between
wireless client and Access Point (AP). Default value is 600 seconds.

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WEP

WEP Authentication: To prevent unauthorized wireless stations from accessing data transmitted over
the network, the router offers secure data encryption, known as WEP. If you require high security for
transmissions, there are two options to select from: Open System, Share key.
WEP Encryption: To prevent unauthorized wireless stations from accessing data transmitted over the
network, the router offers highly secure data encryption, known as WEP. If you require high security for
transmissions, there are two alternatives to select from: WEP 64 and WEP 128. WEP 128 will offer
increased security over WEP 64. The encryption can either be HEX or ASCII.
Passphrase: This is used to generate WEP keys automatically based upon the input string and a
pre-defined algorithm in WEP64 or WEP128. You can input the same string in both the AP and Client card
settings to generate the same WEP keys. Please note that you do not have to enter Key (1-4) as below
when the Passphrase is enabled. Passphrase will convert an inputted string into the HEX format which
will automatically fill the input space for Key 1 to Key 4.
Default Used WEP Key: Select the encryption key ID. There are 4 keys to choose from so that you will
not have to re-create a key every time you decide to have it as something different. You can just have 4
sets of keys to rotate instead of jus having 1 key. Please refer to Key (1~4) below.
Key (1-4): Enter the key to encrypt wireless data this can be in ASCII or HEX depending on the WEP
Encryption that you have selected above. To allow encrypted data transmission, the WEP Encryption Key
values on all wireless stations must be the same as the router. There are four keys for your selection. The
input format is in HEX (10 and 26 HEX codes) or ASCII style (5 and 13 ASCII codes) are required for
WEP64 and WEP128 respectively no any separator is included.

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Wireless Client / MAC Address Filter

The MAC Address supports up to 16 wireless network machines and helps you manage your network
control to accept traffic from specific authorized machines or to restrict unwanted machine(s) to access
your LAN.
There are no pre-define MAC Address filter rules; you can add the filter rules to meet your requirements.

Wireless Client Filter: Default setting is set to Disable.


 Allowed: To authorize specific device accessing your LAN by insert the MAC Address in the
space provided or click . Make sure your PC’s MAC is listed.
 Blocked: To prevent unwanted device accessing the LAN by insert the MAC Address in the
space provided or click . Make sure your PC’s MAC is not listed.
The maximum client is 16. The MAC addresses are 6 bytes long; they are presented only in
hexadecimal characters. The number 0 - 9 and letters a - f are acceptable.
Note: Follow the MAC Address Format xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx. Semicolon ( : ) must be included.
Candidates: it automatically detects devices connected to the router through the Wireless. .
→Associated Wireless Clients

Associate Wireless Client displays a list of individual wireless device’s MAC Address that currently
connects to the router.
You can easily by checking the box next to the MAC address to be blocked or allowed. Then, Add to
insert to the Wireless Client (MAC Address) Filter table. The maximum Wireless client is 16.

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WPS

WPS feature is follow Wi-Fi Alliance WPS standard and it easily set up security-enabled Wi-Fi networks in
the home and small office environment. It reduces half the user steps to configure a network and supports
two methods that are familiar to most consumers to configure a network and enable security.

Port Setting

This section allows you to configure the settings for the router’s Ethernet ports to solve some of the
compatibility problems that may be encountered while connecting to the Internet, as well allowing users to
tweak the performance of their network.

Port # Connection Type: There are Six options to choose from: Auto, 10M half-duplex, 10M full-duplex,
100M half-duplex, 100M full-duplex, 1000M full-duplex and Disable. Sometimes, there are Ethernet
compatibility problems with legacy Ethernet devices, and you can configure different types to solve
compatibility issues. The default is Auto, which users should keep unless there are specific problems
with PCs not being able to access your LAN.
IPv4 TOS priority Control (Advanced users): TOS, Type of Services, is the 2nd octet of an IP packet.
Bits 6-7 of this octet are reserved and bit 0-5 are used to specify the priority of the packet.
This feature uses bits 0-5 to classify the packet’s priority. If the packet is high priority, it will flow first and
will not be constrained by the Rate Limit. Therefore, when this feature is enabled, the router’s Ethernet
switch will check the 2nd octet of each IP packet. If the value in the TOS field matches the checked values
in the table (0 to 63), this packet will be treated as high priority.

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DHCP Server

You can disable or enable the DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server or enable the router’s
DHCP relay functions. The DHCP protocol allows your router to dynamically assign IP addresses to PCs
on your network if they are configured to obtain IP addresses automatically.

To disable the router’s DHCP Server, check Disabled and click Next, then click Apply. When the DHCP
Server is disabled you will need to manually assign a fixed IP address to each PCs on your network, and
set the default gateway for each PCs to the IP address of the router (by default this is 192.168.1.254).
To configure the router’s DHCP Server, check DHCP Server and click Next. You can then configure
parameters of the DHCP Server including the IP pool (starting IP address and ending IP address to be
allocated to PCs on your network), lease time for each assigned IP address (the period of time the IP
address assigned will be valid), DNS IP address and the gateway IP address. These details are sent to
the DHCP client (i.e. your PC) when it requests an IP address from the DHCP server. Click Apply to
enable this function. If you check “Use Router as a DNS Server”, the ADSL Router will perform the
domain name lookup, find the IP address from the outside network automatically and forward it back to
the requesting PC in the LAN (your Local Area Network).
If you check DHCP Relay Agent and click Next, then you will have to enter the IP address of the DHCP
server which will assign an IP address back to the DHCP client in the LAN. Use this function only if
advised to do so by your network administrator or ISP.
Click Apply to enable this function.

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WAN - Wide Area Network


WAN refers to your Wide Area Network connection, i.e. your router’s connection to your ISP and the
Internet. Here are the items within the WAN section: WAN Interface, WAN Profile and ADSL Mode.

WAN Interface

The factory default has the Connection Mode as ADSL and the Protocol as PPPoE.
WAN Connection-ADSL Mode

Main Port: User can select either “ADSL” or “3G” mode.


Failover / Failback: Set Enable to trigger ADSL / 3G failover / failback function ready.
Note: If 3G is set for main port, then there can be no option for failover/failback.
Backup Port: It links to backup port configuration page. It is necessary to configure it when
Failover/Failback be set.
Connectivity Decision: Set how many times of probing failed to switch backup port.
Failover Probe Cycle: Set the time duration for the Failover Probe Cycle to determine when
the router will switch to the backup connection (backup port) once the main connection (main
port) fails.
Note: The time set is for each probe cycle, but the decision to change to the backup port is
determined by Probe Cycle duration multiplied by connection Decision amount (e.g. From the image
above it will be 12 seconds multiplied by 5 consecutive fails).
Failback Probe Cycle: Set the time duration for the Failback Probe Cycle to determine when
the router will switch back to the main connection (main port) from the backup connection
(backup port) once the main connection is communicating again.
Note: The time set is for each probe cycle, but the decision to change to the backup port is
determined by Probe Cycle duration multiplied by Connection Decision amount (e.g. From the image
above it will be 3 seconds multiplied by 5 consecutive fails).
Detect Rule:
Rule 1. ADSL Down
Rule 2. Ping Fail
 No Ping: It will not send any ping packet to determine the connection. It means to disable
the ping fail detection.
 Ping Gateway: It will send ping packet to gateway and wait response from gateway in
every “Probe Cycle”.
 Ping Host: It will send ping packet to specific host and wait response in every “Probe
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Cycle”. The host must be an IP address.

WAN Connection-3G Mode


In the ADSL mode, as the ADSL is not available(failover/failback), it will turn to 3G mode for
supporting WAN Connection. However, in the 3G Mode, the ADSL can not support WAN
Connection when 3G Mode is unavailable (Note: 3G card/modem does not come with the
router).

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WAN Profile

PPPoE Connection
PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet) provides access control in a manner which is similar to dial-up services
using PPP.

Profile Port: Select the profile port either ADSL or 3G.


Protocol: The ATM protocol will be used in the device.
Description: A given name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive). This is in the format of “username@ispname” instead of simply
“username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP provides you the
information. Maximum input is 15 alphanumeric characters.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single IP account, sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and
can access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
IP (0.0.0.0:Auto): Your WAN IP address. Leave this at 0.0.0.0 to obtain automatically an IP
address from your ISP.
Auth. Protocol: Default is Auto. Your ISP should advises you on whether to use Chap or Pap.
Connection:
 Always on: If you want the router to establish a PPP session when starting up and to
automatically re-establish the PPP session when disconnected by the ISP.
 Connect on Demand: If you want to establish a PPP session only when there is a packet
requesting access to the Internet (i.e. when a program on your computer attempts to access the
Internet).

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Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity on the line for a
predetermined period of time.
 Detail: You can define the destination port and packet type (TCP/UDP) without checking by
timer. It allows you to set which outgoing traffic will not trigger and reset the idle timer.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
TCP MSS Clamp: This option helps to discover the optimal MTU size automatically. Default is enabled.
MAC Spoofing: This option is required by some service providers. You must fill in the MAC address that
specify by service provider when it is required. Default is disabled.
Obtain DNS: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP
addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name. Check the checkbox to
obtain DNS automatically.
Primary DNS: Enter the primary DNS.
Secondary DNS: Enter the secondary DNS

PPPoA Connection

Profile Port: Select the profile port either ADSL or 3G.


Protocol: The ATM protocol will be used in the device..
Description: A given name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive). This is in the format of “username@ispname” instead of simply
“username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric
characters (case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP provides you the
information. Maximum input is 15 alphanumeric characters.

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NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single IP account, sharing the single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and
can access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
IP (0.0.0.0:Auto): Your WAN IP address. Leave this at 0.0.0.0 to obtain automatically an IP
address from your ISP.
Auth. Protocol: Default is Auto. Your ISP should advises you on whether to use Chap or Pap.
Connection:
 Always on: If you want the router to establish a PPP session when starting up and to
automatically re-establish the PPP session when disconnected by the ISP.
 Connect on Demand: If you want to establish a PPP session only when there is a packet
requesting access to the Internet (i.e. when a program on your computer attempts to access the
Internet).
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity on the line for a
predetermined period of time.
 Detail: You can define the destination port and packet type (TCP/UDP) without checking by
timer. It allows you to set which outgoing traffic will not trigger and reset the idle timer.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
TCP MSS Clamp: This option helps to discover the optimal MTU size automatically. Default is enabled.
Obtain DNS: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP
addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name. Check the checkbox to
obtain DNS automatically.
Primary DNS: Enter the primary DNS.
Secondary DNS: Enter the secondary DNS.

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MPoA Connection

Profile Port: Select the profile port either ADSL or 3G.


Protocol: The ATM protocol will be used in the device.
Description: A given name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single IP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and can
access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
Encap. mode: Choose whether you want the packets in WAN interface as bridged packet or
routed packet.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
IP (0.0.0.0:Auto): Your WAN IP address. Leave this at 0.0.0.0 to obtain automatically an IP
address from your ISP.
Netmask: The default is 0.0.0.0. User can change it to other such as 255.255.255.128. Type the
subnet mask assigned to you by your ISP (if given).
Gateway: Enter the IP address of the default gateway (if given).
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
TCP MSS Clamp: This option helps to discover the optimal MTU size automatically. Default is enabled.
MAC Spoofing: This option is required by some service providers. You must fill in the MAC address that
specify by service provider when it is required. Default is disabled.
Obtain DNS: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP
addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name. Check the checkbox to
obtain DNS automatically.
Primary DNS: Enter the primary DNS.
Secondary DNS: Enter the secondary DNS.

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IPoA Routed Connection

Profile Port: Select the profile port either ADSL or 3G.


Protocol: The ATM protocol will be used in the device.
Description: A given name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single IP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and can
access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
IP (0.0.0.0:Auto): Your WAN IP address. Leave this at 0.0.0.0 to obtain automatically an IP
address from your ISP.
Netmask: The default is 0.0.0.0. User can change it to other such as 255.255.128. Type the
subnet mask assigned to you by your ISP (if given).
Gateway: Enter the IP address of the default gateway (if given).
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
TCP MSS Clamp: This option helps to discover the optimal MTU size automatically. Default is enabled.
Obtain DNS: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP
addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name. Check the checkbox to
obtain DNS automatically.
Primary DNS: Enter the primary DNS.
Secondary DNS: Enter the secondary DNS.

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Pure Bridge

Profile Port: Select the profile port either ADSL or 3G.


Protocol: The ATM protocol will be used in the device.
Description: A given name for this connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
Encap. mode: Choose whether you want the packets in WAN interface as LLC bridged packet
or VcMux bridged packet..
Acceptable Frame Type: Specify which kind of traffic goes through this connection, all traffic or only
VLAN tagged.
Filter Type: Specify the type of ethernet filtering performed by the named bridge interface.
All Allows all types of ethernet packets through the port.
Ip Allows only IP/ARP types of ethernet packets through the port.
Pppoe Allows only PPPoE types of ethernet packets through the port.
Obtain DNS: A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for domain name and IP
addresses. DNS helps to find the IP address for the specific domain name. Check the checkbox to
obtain DNS automatically.
Primary DNS: Enter the primary DNS.
Secondary DNS: Enter the secondary DNS.

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ADSL Mode

Connect Mode: This mode will automatically detect your ADSL line code, ADSL2+, ADSL2, AnnexM2
and AnnexM2+, ADSL, All. Please keep the factory setting unless ADSL is detected as the symptom
of synchronization problem.
Modulation: It will automatically detect capability of your ADSL line mode. Please keep the factory
setting unless ADSL is detected as the symptom of synchronization problem.
Profile Type: Please keep the factory settings unless ADSL is detected as the symptom of low link rate
or unstable problems. You may need to change the profile setting to reach the best ADSL line rate, it
depends on the different DSLAM and location.
Activate Line: Aborting (false) your ADSL line and making it active (true) again for taking effect with
setting of Connect Mode.
Coding Gain: It reduces router’s transmit power which will effect to router’s downstream performance.
Higher the gain will increase the downstream rate but it sometimes causes unstable ADSL line. The
configurable ADSL coding gain is from 0 dB to 7dB, or automatic.

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System
Here are the items within the System section: Time Zone, Remote Access, Firmware Upgrade,
Backup/Restore, Restart and User Management.

Time Zone

The router does not have a real time clock on board; instead, it uses the Simple Network Time Protocol
(SNTP) to get the current time from an SNTP server outside your network. Choose your local time zone,
click Enable and click the Apply button. After a successful connection to the Internet, the router will
retrieve the correct local time from the SNTP server you have specified. If you prefer to specify an SNTP
server other than those in the list, simply enter its IP address as shown above. Your ISP may provide an
SNTP server for you to use.
Daylight Saving is also known as Summer Time Period. Many places in the world adapt it during
summer time to move one hour of daylight from morning to the evening in local standard time. Check
Automatic box to auto set your local time.
Resync Period (in minutes) is the periodic interval the router will wait before it re-synchronizes the
router’s time with that of the specified SNTP server. In order to avoid unnecessarily increasing the load
on your specified SNTP server you should keep the poll interval as high as possible – at the absolute
minimum every few hours or even days.

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Remote Access

To temporarily permit remote administration of the router (i.e. from outside your LAN), select a time period
the router will permit remote access for and click Enable. You may change other configuration options for
the web administration interface using Device Management options in the Advanced section of the GUI.
If you wish to permanently enable remote access, choose a time period of 0 minute.

Firmware Upgrade

Your router’s “firmware” is the software that allows it to operate and provides all its functionality. Think of
your router as a dedicated computer, and the firmware as the software it runs. Over time this software
may be improved and revised, and your router allows you to upgrade the software it runs to take
advantage of these changes.
Clicking on Browse will allow you to select the new firmware image file you have downloaded to your PC.
Once the correct file is selected, click Upgrade to update the firmware in your router.

DO NOT power down the router or interrupt the firmware upgrading while
it is still in process. Improper operation could damage the router.

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Backup / Restore

These functions allow you to save and backup your router’s current settings to a file on your PC, or to
restore a previously saved backup. This is useful if you wish to experiment with different settings,
knowing that you have a backup handy in the case of any mistakes. It is advisable to backup your router’s
settings before making any significant changes to your router’s configuration.
Press Backup to select where on your local PC to save the settings file. You may also change the name
of the file when saving if you wish to keep multiple backups.
Press Browse to select a file from your PC to restore. You should only restore settings files that have
been generated by the Backup function, and that were created when using the current version of the
router’s firmware. Settings files saved to your PC should not be manually edited in any way.
After selecting the settings file you wish to use, pressing Restore will load those settings into the router.

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Restart Router

Click Restart with option Current Settings to reboot your router (and restore your last saved
configuration).

If you wish to restart the router using the factory default settings (for example, after a firmware upgrade or
if you have saved an incorrect configuration), select Factory Default Settings to reset to factory default
settings.
You may also reset your router to factory settings by holding the small Reset pinhole button more than 6
seconds on the back of your router.
Caution: After pressing the RESET button for more than 6 seconds, to be sure you power cycle the device again.

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User Management

In order to prevent unauthorized access to your router’s configuration interface, it requires all users to
login with a password. You can set up multiple user accounts, each with their own password.
You are able to Edit existing users and Add new users who are able to access the device’s configuration
interface. Once you have clicked on Edit, you are shown the following options:

You can change the user’s password, whether their account is active and valid, as well as add a
comment to each user account. Click Edit/Delete button to save your revise. You cannot delete the
default admin account, if you do you will be log out. However, you can delete any other created
accounts by clicking Delete when editing the user. You are strongly advised to change the password on
the default “admin” account when you receive your router, and any time you reset your configuration to
Factory Defaults.

When you create a user account, you check Valid to fill in the blank with User, Comment, Password and
Confirm Password. Later, click Add button to add your new user account.

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1 2

For deleting the user account, you choose Delete option. In the end, you click Edit/Delete button to
delete the chosen user account.

Firewall and Access Control

Your router includes a full SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection) firewall for controlling Internet access from
your LAN, as well as helping to prevent attacks from hackers. Besides, when using NAT, the router acts
as a “natural” Internet firewall, as all PCs on your LAN will use private IP addresses that cannot be
directly accessed from the Internet.

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Firewall: Prevents access from outside your network. The router provides three levels of security
support:
NAT natural firewall: This masks LAN users’ IP addresses which is invisible to outside users on the
Internet, making it much more difficult for a hacker to target a machine on your network. This natural
firewall is on when NAT function is enabled.

When using Virtual Servers your PCs will be exposed to the degree
specified in your Virtual Server settings provided the ports specified are
opened in your firewall packet filter settings.

Firewall Security and Policy (General Settings): Inbound direction of Packet Filter rules to prevent
unauthorized computers or applications accessing your local network from the Internet.
Intrusion Detection: Enable Intrusion Detection to detect, prevent and log malicious attacks.
Access Control: Prevents access from PCs on your local network:
Firewall Security and Policy (General Settings): Outbound direction of Packet Filter rules to prevent
unauthorized computers or applications accessing the Internet.
URL Filter: To block PCs on your local network from unwanted websites.

Here are the items within the Firewall section: General Settings, Packet Filter, Intrusion Detection,
URL Filter, IM/P2P Blocking and Firewall Log.
General Settings

You can choose not to enable Firewall and still able to access to URL Filter and IM/P2P Blocking or
enable the Firewall using preset filter rules and modify the port filter rules as required. The Packet Filter is
used to filter packets based-on Applications (Port) or IP addresses.
There are four options when you enable the Firewall, they are:
 All blocked/User-defined: no pre-defined port or address filter rules by default, meaning that
all inbound (Internet to LAN) and outbound (LAN to Internet) packets will be blocked. Users have to
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add their own filter rules for further access to the Internet.
 High/Medium/Low security level: the predefined port filter rules for High, Medium and Low
security are displayed in Port Filters of Packet Filter.
Select either High, Medium or Low security level to enable the Firewall. The only difference between
these three security levels is the preset port filter rules in the Packet Filter. Firewall functionality is the
same for all levels; it is only the list of preset port filters that changes between each setting. For more
detailed on level of preset port filter information, refer to Table 1: Predefined Port Filter.
If you choose of the preset security levels and add custom filters, this level of filter rules will be saved
even and do not need to re-configure the rules again if you disable or switch to other firewall level.
The “Block WAN Request” is a stand-alone function and not relate to whether security enable or disable.
Mostly it is for preventing any scan tools from WAN site by hacker.

(Changed the format only.)


Any remote user who is attempting to perform this action may result in
blocking all the accesses to configure and manage of the device from the
Internet.

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Packet Filter

This function is only available when the Firewall is enabled and one of these four security levels is chosen
(All blocked, High, Medium and Low). The preset port filter rules in the Packet Filter must modify
accordingly to the level of Firewall, which is selected. See Table1: Predefined Port Filter for more
detail information.

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Example: Predefined Port Filters Rules


The predefined port filter rules for High, Medium and Low security levels are listed. See Table 1.
Note: Firewall – All Blocked/User-defined, you must define and create the port filter rules yourself. No predefined
rule is being preconfigured.

Table 1: Predefined Port Filter

Port Number Firewall - Low Firewall - Medium Firewall – High


Application Protocol
Start End Inbound Outbound Inbound Outbound Inbound Outbound

HTTP(80) TCP(6) 80 80 NO YES NO YES NO YES

DNS (53) UDP(17) 53 53 NO YES NO YES NO YES

DNS (53) TCP(6) 53 53 NO YES NO YES NO YES

FTP(21) TCP(6) 21 21 NO YES NO YES NO NO

Telnet(23) TCP(6) 23 23 NO YES NO YES NO NO

SMTP(25) TCP(6) 25 25 NO YES NO YES NO YES

POP3(110) TCP(6) 110 110 NO YES NO YES NO YES

NEWS(NNTP)
(Network News TCP(6) 119 119 NO YES NO YES NO NO
Transfer Protocol)
RealAudio/
RealVideo UDP(17) 7070 7070 YES YES YES YES NO NO
(7070)

PING ICMP(1) N/A N/A NO YES NO YES NO YES

H.323(1720) TCP(6) 1720 1720 YES YES NO YES NO NO

T.120(1503) TCP(6) 1503 1503 YES YES NO YES NO NO

SSH(22) TCP(6) 22 22 NO YES NO YES NO NO

NTP /SNTP UDP(17) 123 123 NO YES NO YES NO YES

HTTP/HTTP
Proxy TCP(6) 8080 8080 NO YES NO NO NO NO
(8080)

HTTPS(443) TCP(6) 443 443 NO YES NO YES N/A N/A

ICQ (5190) TCP(6) 5190 5190 YES YES N/A N/A N/A N/A

MSN (1863) TCP(6) 1863 1863 YES YES N/A N/A N/A N/A

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MSN (7001) UDP(17) 7001 7001 YES YES N/A N/A N/A N/A

MSN VEDIO
TCP(6) 9000 9000 NO YES N/A N/A N/A N/A
(9000)

Inbound: Internet to LAN ; Outbound: LAN to Internet.


YES: Allowed ; NO: Blocked ; N/A: Not Applicable

Packet Filter – Add TCP/UDP Filter

Rule Name: Users-define description to identify this entry or click “Select” drop-down menu to select
existing predefined rules. The maximum name length is 32 characters.
Time Schedule: It is self-defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for your prioritization
policy. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section
Source IP Address(es) / Destination IP Address(es): This is the Address-Filter used to allow or block
traffic to/from particular IP address(es). Selecting the Subnet Mask of the IP address range you wish to
allow/block the traffic to or form; set IP address and Subnet Mask to 0.0.0.0 to inactive the Address-Filter
rule.
Tip: To block access, to/from a single IP address, enter that IP address as the Host IP Address and use
a Host Subnet Mask of “255.255.255.255”.
Source Port: This Port or Port Ranges defines the port allowed to be used by the Remote/WAN to
connect to the application. Default is set from range 0 ~ 65535. It is recommended that this option be
configured by an advanced user.
Destination Port: This is the Port or Port Ranges that defines the application.
Type: It is the packet protocol type used by the application, select TCP, UDP or both TCP/UDP. Protocol
Number: Insert the port number.
Inbound / Outbound: Select Allow or Block the access to the Internet (“Outbound”) or from the
Internet (“Inbound”).
Click Add button to apply your changes.
Packet Filter – Add Raw IP Filter
Go to “Type” drop-down menu, select “Use Protocol Number”.

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Rule Name Helper: Users-define description to identify this entry or choosing “Select” drop-down menu
to select existing predefined rules.
Time Schedule: It is self-defined time period. You may specify a time schedule for your prioritization
policy. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section
Protocol Number: Insert the port number, i.e. GRE 47.
Inbound / Outbound: Select Allow or Block the access to the Internet (“Outbound”) or from the
Internet (“Inbound”).
Click Add button to apply your changes.

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Example: Configuring your firewall to allow a publicly accessible web server on your LAN
The predefined port filter rule for HTTP (TCP port 80) is the same no matter whether the firewall is set to a
high, medium or low security level. To setup a web server located on the local network when the firewall is
enabled, you have to configure the Port Filters setting for HTTP.
As you can see from the diagram below, when the firewall is enabled with one of the three presets
(Low/Medium/High), inbound HTTP access is not allowed which means remote access through HTTP to
your router is not allowed.
Note: Inbound indicates accessing from Internet to LAN and Outbound is from LAN to the Internet.

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Configuring Packet Filter:

1. Click Packet Filters. You will then be presented with the predefined port filter rules screen (in this
case for the low security level), shown below:
Note: You may click Edit the predefined rule instead of Delete it. This is an example to show to how you add a
filter on your own.

2. Choose the radio button you want to delete the existing HTTP rule. Click Edit/Delete button to
delete the existing HTTP rule.

3. Input the Rule Name, Time Schedule, Source/Destination IP, Type, Source/Destination Port,

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Inbound and Outbound.


Example:
Application: Cindy_HTTP
Time Schedule: Always On
Source / Destination IP Address(es): 0.0.0.0 (I do not wish to active the address-filter, instead I
use the port-filter)
Type: TCP (Please refer to Table1: Predefined Port Filter)
Source Port: 0-65535 (I allow all ports to connect with the application))
Redirect Port: 80-80 (This is Port defined for HTTP)
Inbound / Outbound: Allow

4. The new port filter rule for HTTP is shown below:

5. Configure your Virtual Server (“port forwarding”) settings so that incoming HTTP requests on port 80
will be forwarded to the PC running your web server:
Note: For how to configure the HTTP in Virtual Server, go to Add Virtual Server in Virtual Server section for more
details.

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Intrusion Detection

The router’s Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is used to detect hacker attacks and intrusion attempts
from the Internet. If the IDS function of the firewall is enabled, inbound packets are filtered and blocked
depending on whether they are detected as possible hacker attacks, intrusion attempts or other
connections that the router determines to be suspicious.
Blacklist: If the router detects a possible attack, the source IP or destination IP address will be added to
the Blacklist. Any further attempts using this IP address will be blocked for the time period specified as the
Block Duration. The default setting for this function is false (disabled). Some attack types are denied
immediately without using the Blacklist function, such as Land attack and Echo/CharGen scan.
Intrusion Detection: If enabled, IDS will block Smurf attack attempts. Default is false.
Block Duration:
 Victim Protection Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking Smurf attacks. Default
value is 600 seconds.
 Scan Attack Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking hosts that attempt a possible
Scan attack. Scan attack types include X’mas scan, IMAP SYN/FIN scan and similar attempts.
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Default value is 86400 seconds.


 DoS Attack Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking hosts that attempt a possible
Denial of Service (DoS) attack. Possible DoS attacks this attempts to block include Ascend Kill and
WinNuke. Default value is 1800 seconds.
Max TCP Open Handshaking Count: This is a threshold value to decide whether a SYN Flood attempt
is occurring or not. Default value is 100 TCP SYN per seconds.
Max PING Count: This is a threshold value to decide whether an ICMP Echo Storm is occurring or not.
Default value is 15 ICMP Echo Requests (PING) per second.
Max ICMP Count: This is a threshold to decide whether an ICMP flood is occurring or not. Default value
is 100 ICMP packets per seconds except ICMP Echo Requests (PING).
For SYN Flood, ICMP Echo Storm and ICMP flood, IDS will just warn the user in the Event Log. It cannot
protect against such attacks.

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Table 2: Hacker attack types recognized by the IDS


Type of Block
Intrusion Name Detect Parameter Blacklist Drop Packet Show Log
Duration
Ascend Kill Ascend Kill data Src IP DoS Yes Yes

TCP
WinNuke Port 135, 137~139, Src IP DoS Yes Yes
Flag: URG

ICMP type 8 Victim


Smurf Dst IP Yes Yes
Des IP is broadcast Protection
Land attack SrcIP = DstIP Yes Yes

UDP Echo Port and


Echo/CharGen Scan Yes Yes
CharGen Port

UDP Dst Port =


Echo Scan Src IP Scan Yes Yes
Echo(7)

UDP Dst Port =


CharGen Scan Src IP Scan Yes Yes
CharGen(19)

X’mas Tree Scan TCP Flag: X’mas Src IP Scan Yes Yes

TCP Flag: SYN/FIN


IMAP
DstPort: IMAP(143) Src IP Scan Yes Yes
SYN/FIN Scan
SrcPort: 0 or 65535
TCP,
SYN/FIN/RST/ACK No Existing session
Src IP Scan Yes Yes
Scan And Scan Hosts
more than five.
TCP
No Existing session
Net Bus Scan SrcIP Scan Yes Yes
DstPort = Net Bus
12345,12346, 3456

UDP, DstPort =
Back Orifice Scan SrcIP Scan Yes Yes
Orifice Port (31337)
Max TCP Open
SYN Flood Handshaking Count Yes
(Default 100 c/sec)
Max ICMP Count
ICMP Flood Yes
(Default 100 c/sec)
Max PING Count
ICMP Echo Yes
(Default 15 c/sec)

Src IP: Source IP Src Port: Source Port


Dst Port: Destination Port Dst IP: Destination IP

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URL Filter

URL (Uniform Resource Locator – e.g. an address in the form of http://www.abcde.com or


http://www.example.com) filter rules allow you to prevent users on your network from accessing particular
websites by their URL. There are no pre-defined URL filter rules; you can add filter rules to meet your
requirements.

Enable/Disable: To enable or disable URL Filter feature.


Block Mode: A list of the modes that you can choose to check the URL filter rules. The default is set to
Always On.
 Disabled: No action will be performed by the Block Mode.
 Always On: Action is enabled. URL filter rules will be monitoring and checking at all hours of
the day.
 TimeSlot1 ~ TimeSlot16: It is self-defined time period. You may specify the time period to
check the URL filter rules, i.e. during working hours. For setup and detail, refer to Time
Schedule section.
Keywords Filtering: Allows blocking by specific keywords within a particular URL rather than having to
specify a complete URL (e.g. to block any image called “advertisement.gif”). When enabled, your
specified keywords list will be checked to see if any keywords are present in URLs accessed to determine
if the connection attempt should be blocked. Please note that the URL filter blocks web browser (HTTP)
connection attempts using port 80 only.
For example, if the URL is http://www.abc.com/abcde.html, it will be dropped as the keyword “abcde”
occurs in the URL.

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Domains Filtering: This function checks the whole URL not the IP address, in URLs accessed against
your list of domains to block or allow. If it is matched, the URL request will be sent (Trusted) or dropped
(Forbidden). For this function to be activated, both check-boxes must be checked. Here is the
checking procedure:
1. Check the domain in the URL to determine if it is in the trusted list. If yes, the connection attempt
is sent to the remote web server.
2. If not, check if it is listed in the forbidden list. If yes, then the connection attempt will be
dropped.
3. If the packet does not match either of the above two items, it is sent to the remote web server.
4. Please be note that the completed URL, “www” + domain name shall be specified. For example
to block traffic to www.google.com.au, enter “www.google” or “www.google.com”
In the example below, the URL request for www.abc.com will be sent to the remote web server because it
is listed in the trusted list, whilst the URL request for www.google or www.google.com will be dropped,
because www.google is in the forbidden list.

Example: Andy wishes to disable all WEB traffic except for ones listed in the trusted domain, which
would prevent Bobby from accessing other web sites. Andy selects both functions in the Domain
Filtering and thinks that it will stop Bobby. But Bobby knows this function, Domain Filtering, ONLY
disables all WEB traffic except for Trusted Domain, BUT not its IP address. If this is the situation,
Block surfing by IP address function can be handy and helpful to Andy. Now, Andy can prevent Bobby
from accessing other sites.
Restrict URL Features: This function enhances the restriction to your URL rules.
 Block Java Applet: This function can block Web content that includes the Java Applet. It is to
prevent someone who wants to damage your system via standard HTTP protocol.
 Block surfing by IP address: Preventing someone who uses the IP address as URL for
skipping Domains Filtering function. Activates only and if Domain Filtering enabled.

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IM / P2P Blocking

IM, short for Instant Message, is required to use client program software that allows users to
communicate, in exchanging text message, with other IM users in real time over the Internet. A P2P
application, known as Peer-to-peer, is group of computer users who share file to specific groups of people
across the Internet. Both Instant Message and Peer-to-peer applications make communication faster and
easier but your network can become increasingly insecure at the same time. Billion’s IM and P2P
blocking helps users to restrict LAN PCs to access to the commonly used IM, Yahoo and MSN, and P2P,
BitTorrent and eDonkey, applications over the Internet.

Instant Message Blocking: The default is set to Disabled.


 Disabled: Instant Message blocking is not triggered. No action will be performed.
 Always On: Action is enabled.
 TimeSlot1 ~ TimeSlot16: This is the self-defined time period. You may specify the time
period to trigger the blocking, i.e. during working hours. For setup and detail, refer to Time
Schedule section.
Yahoo/MSN Messenger: Check the box to block either or both Yahoo or/and MSN Messenger. To be
sure you enabled the Instant Message Blocking first.
Peer to Peer Blocking: The default is set to Disabled.
 Disabled: Instant Message blocking is not triggered. No action will be performed.
 Always On: Action is enabled.
 TimeSlot1 ~ TimeSlot16: This is the self-defined time period. You may specify the time
period to trigger the blocking, i.e. during working hours. For setup and detail, refer to Time
Schedule section.
BitTorrent / eDonkey: Check the box to block either or both Bit Torrent or/and eDonkey. To be sure you
enabled the Peer to Peer Blocking first.

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Firewall Log

Firewall Log display log information of any unexpected action with your firewall settings.
Check the Enable box to activate the logs.
Log information can be seen in the Status – Event Log after enabling.

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VPN - Virtual Private Networks (BiPAC 7402NX only)


Virtual Private Networks is ways to establish secured communication tunnels to an organization’s network
via the Internet. Your router supports three main types of VPN (Virtual Private Network), PPTP, IPSec
and L2TP.

PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol)

There are two types of PPTP VPN supported; Remote Access and LAN-to-LAN (please refer below for
more information.). Click Configuration/VPN/PPTP.

Name: A given name for the connection.


Active: This function activates or deactivates the PPTP connection. Check Active checkbox if you want
the protocol of tunnel to be activated and vice versa.
Note: When the Active checkbox is checked, the function of Edit and Delete will not be available.
Connection Type: It informs your PPTP tunnel connection condition.
Type: This refers to your router operates as a client or a server, Dialout or Dialin respectively.

PPTP Connection - Remote Access

Name: A given name for the connection (e.g. “connection to office”).


Connection Type: Remote Access or LAN to LAN
Type: Check Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server), check Dial In operates as a VPN server.
 When configuring your router as a Client, enter the remote Server IP Address (or Domain
Name) you wish to connect to.
 When configuring your router as a server, enter the Private IP Address Assigned to Dial in
User address.
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host. If you are a
Dial-In user (server), enter your own username.
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by your Host. If you are a
Dial-In user (server), enter your own password.
Authentication Type: Default is Auto if you want the router to determine the authentication type to use,
or else manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) or PAP (Password

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Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is using (when acting as a client), or else the
authentication type you want clients connecting to you to use (when acting as a server). When using PAP,
the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the password before sending, and also allows
for challenges at different periods to ensure that an intruder has not replaced the client.
Data Encryption: Data sent over the VPN connection can be encrypted by an MPPE algorithm. Default
is Auto, so that this setting is negotiated when establishing a connection, or else you can manually
Enable or Disable encryption.
Key Length: The data can be encrypted by MPPE algorithm with 40 bits or 128 bits. Default is Auto, it is
negotiated when establishing a connection. 128 bit keys provide stronger encryption than 40 bit keys.
Mode: You may select Stateful or Stateless mode. The key will be changed every 256 packets when you
select Stateful mode. If you select Stateless mode, the key will be changed in each packet.
Active as default route: Commonly used by the Dial-out connection which all packets will route through
the VPN tunnel to the Internet; therefore, active the function may degrade the Internet performance.

Click Edit/Delete button to save your changes.

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Example: Configuring a Remote Access PPTP VPN Dial-out Connection

A company’s office establishes a PPTP VPN connection with a file server located at a separate location.
The router is installed in the office, connected to a couple of PCs and Servers.

Dial-out

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Configuring the PPTP VPN in the Office


Click Configuration/VPN/PPTP. Choose Remote Access from Connect Type drop-down menu.
You can either input the IP address (69.121.1.33 in this case) or hostname to reach the server.

1
2
3
4 5

Item Function Description


1 Name VPN_PPTP Given name of PPTP connection
Select Remote Access from Connection Type
2 Connection Type Remote Access
drop-down menu
Type Dial out Select Dial out from Type drop-down menu
3 IP Address (or
69.121.1.33 An Dialed server IP
Domain name)
Username username
4 A given username & password
Password 123456
Auth.Type Chap(Auto) Keep as default value in most of the cases,
Data Encryption Auto PPTP server & client will determine the value
5
Key Length Auto automatically. Refer to manual for details if
Mode stateful you want to change the setting.

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PPTP Connection - LAN to LAN

Name: A given name of the connection.


Connection Type: Remote Access or LAN to LAN.
Type: Check Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server), check Dial In operates as a VPN server.
 When configuring your router as a Client, enter the remote Server IP Address (or Domain
name) you wish to connect to.
 When configuring your router as a server, enter the Private IP Address Assigned to Dial in
User address.
Peer Network IP: Enter Peer network IP address.
Netmask: Enter the subnet mask of peer network based on the Peer Network IP setting.
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host. If you are a
Dial-In user (server), enter your own username.
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by your Host. If you are a
Dial-In user (server), enter your own password.
Authentication Type: Default is Auto if you want the router to determine the authentication type to use,
or else manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) or PAP (Password
Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is using (when acting as a client), or else the
authentication type you want clients connecting to you to use (when acting as a server). When using PAP,
the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the password before sending, and also allows
for challenges at different periods to ensure that the client has not been replaced by an intruder.
Data Encryption: Data sent over the VPN connection can be encrypted by an MPPE algorithm. Default
is Auto, so that this setting is negotiated when establishing a connection, or else you can manually
Enable or Disable encryption.
Key Length: The data can be encrypted by MPPE algorithm with 40 bits or 128 bits. Default is Auto, it is
negotiated when establishing a connection. 128 bit keys provide stronger encryption than 40 bit keys.
Mode: You may select Stateful or Stateless mode. The key will be changed every 256 packets when you
select Stateful mode. If you select Stateless mode, the key will be changed in each packet.
Active as default route: As the connection type is LAN to LAN, this function will become to disable.

Click Edit/Delete button to save your changes.

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Example: Configuring a PPTP LAN-to-LAN VPN Connection

The branch office establishes a PPTP VPN tunnel with head office to connect two private networks over
the Internet. The routers are installed in the head office and branch offices accordingly.

Both office LAN networks MUST in different subnet with LAN to LAN
application.
Attention

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Configuring PPTP VPN in the Head Office


The IP address 192.168.1.201 will be assigned to the router located in the branch office. Please make
sure this IP is not used in the head office LAN.

1 2
3
4
6
5

Item Function Description


1 Name HeadOffice Given a name of PPTP connection
Select LAN to LAN from Connection Type drop-down
2 Connection Type LAN to LAN
menu
Type Dial in Select Dial in from Type drop-down menu
3
IP Address 192.168.1.200 IP address assigned to branch office network
Peer Network IP 192.168.0.0
4 Branch office network
Netmask 255.255.255.0
Username username Input username & password to authenticate branch
5
Password 123456 office network
Auth.Type Chap(Auto) Keep as default value in most of the cases, PPTP
Data Encryption Auto server & client will determine the value automatically.
6
Key Length Auto Refer to manual for details if you want to change the
Mode stateful setting.

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Configuring PPTP VPN in the Branch Office


The IP address 69.121.1.33 is the Public IP address of the router located in head office. If you registered
the DDNS (please refer to the DDNS section of this manual), you can also use the domain name instead
of the IP address to reach the router.

1 2
3
4
6
5

Item Function Description


1 Name BranchOffice Given a name of PPTP connection
Select LAN to LAN from Connection Type drop-down
2 Connection Type LAN to LAN
menu
Type Dial out Select Dial out from Type drop-down menu
3 IP Address (or
69.121.1.33 IP address of the head office router (in WAN side)
Domain name )
Peer Network IP 192.168.1.0
4 Head office network
Netmask 255.255.255.0
Username username Input username & password to authenticate head office
5
Password 123456 network
Auth.Type Chap(Auto) Keep as default value in most of the cases, PPTP
Data Encryption Auto server & client will determine the value automatically.
6
Key Length Auto Refer to manual for details if you want to change the
Mode stateful setting.

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IPSec (IP Security Protocol)

Active: This function activates or deactivates the IPSec connection. Check Active checkbox if you want
the protocol of tunnel to be activated and vice versa.
Note: When the Active checkbox is checked, the function of Edit and Delete will not be available.
Name: This is a given name of the connection.
Local Subnet: Displays IP address and subnet of the local network.
Remote Subnet: Displays IP address and subnet of the remote network.
Remote Gateway: This is the IP address or Domain Name of the remote VPN device that is connected
and established a VPN tunnel.
IPSec Proposal: This is selected IPSec security method.

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IPSec VPN Connection

Name: A given name for the connection (e.g. “connection to office”).


Local Network: Set the IP address, subnet or address range of the local network.
 Single Address: The IP address of the local host.
 Subnet: The subnet of the local network. For example, IP: 192.168.1.0 with netmask
255.255.255.0 specifies one class C subnet starting from 192.168.1.1 (i.e. 192.168.1.1 through
to 192.168.1.254).
 IP Range: The IP address range of the local network. For example, IP: 192.168.1.1, end IP:
192.168.1.10.
Remote Secure Gateway Address (or Domain Name): The IP address or hostname of the remote VPN
device that is connected and establishes a VPN tunnel.
Remote Network: Set the IP address, subnet or address range of the remote network.
IKE (Internet key Exchange) Mode: Select IKE mode to Main mode or Aggressive mode. This IKE
provides secured key generation and key management.
Local ID:

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 Content: Input ID’s information, like domain name www.ipsectest.com.


Remote ID:
 Identifier: Input remote ID’s information, like domain name www.ipsectest.com.
Hash Function: It is a Message Digest algorithm which coverts any length of a message into a unique
set of bits. It is widely used MD5 (Message Digest) and SHA-1 (Secure Hash Algorithm) algorithms.
SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
 MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
 SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are several options, DES,
3DES and AES (128, 192 and 256). 3DES and AES are more powerful but increase latency.
 DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
 3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an encryption
method.
 AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, you can use 128, 192 or 256 bits as
encryption method.
DH (Diffie-Hellman) Group: It is a public-key cryptography protocol that allows two parties to establish a
shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the Internet). There are three modes,
MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for Modular Exponentiation Groups.
IPSec Proposal: Select the IPSec security method. There are two methods of checking the
authentication information, AH (authentication header) and ESP (Encapsulating Security Payload). Use
ESP for greater security so that data will be encrypted and authenticated. Using AH data will be
authenticated but not encrypted.
Authentication: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures it is not tampered
with in transmit. There are three options, Message Digest 5 (MD5), Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA1) or
NONE. SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
 MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
 SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are several options, DES,
3DES, AES (128, 192 and 256) and NULL. NULL means it is a tunnel only with no encryption. 3DES and
AES are more powerful but increase latency.
 DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
 3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an encryption
method.
 AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, you can use 128, 192 or 256 bits as
encryption method.
Perfect Forward Secrecy: Choose whether to enable PFS using Diffie-Hellman public-key cryptography
to change encryption keys during the second phase of VPN negotiation. This function will provide better
security, but extends the VPN negotiation time. Diffie-Hellman is a public-key cryptography protocol that
allows two parties to establish a shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the
Internet). There are three modes, MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for
Modular Exponentiation Groups.
Pre-shared Key: This is for the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol, a string from 4 to 128 characters.
Both sides should use the same key. IKE is used to establish a shared security policy and authenticated
keys for services (such as IPSec) that require a key. Before any IPSec traffic can be passed, each router
must be able to verify the identity of its peer. This can be done by manually entering the pre-shared key
into both sides (router or hosts).
SA Lifetime: Specify the number of minutes that a Security Association (SA) will stay active before new
encryption and authentication key will be exchanged. There are two kinds of SAs, IKE and IPSec. IKE
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negotiates and establishes SA on behalf of IPSec, an IKE SA is used by IKE.


 Phase 1 (IKE): To issue an initial connection request for a new VPN tunnel. The range can be
from 5 to 15,000 minutes, and the default is 480 minutes.
 Phase 2 (IPSec): To negotiate and establish secure authentication. The range can be from 5 to
15,000 minutes, and the default is 60 minutes.
A short SA time increases security by forcing the two parties to update the keys. However, every
time the VPN tunnel re-negotiates, access through the tunnel will be temporarily disconnected.
PING for Keep Alive:
None: The default setting is None. To this mode, it will not detect the remote IPSec peer has
been lost or not. It only follows the policy of Disconnection time after no traffic, which the remote
IPSec will be disconnected after the time you set in this function.
PING: This mode will detect the remote IPSec peer has lost or not by pinging specify IP address.
DPD: Dead peer detection (DPD) is a keeping alive mechanism that enables the router to
be detected lively when the connection between the router and a remote IPSec peer has lost.
Please be noted, it must be enabled on the both sites.
PING to the IP: It is able to IP Ping the remote PC with the specified IP address and alert when the
connection fails. Once alter message is received, Router will drop this tunnel connection. Re-establish
of this connection is required. Default setting is 0.0.0.0 which disables the function.
Interval: This sets the time interval between Pings to the IP function to monitor the connection status.
Default interval setting is 10 seconds. Time interval can be set from 0 to 3600 second, 0 second
disables the function.

Ping to the IP Interval (sec) Ping to the IP Action

0.0.0.0 0 No

0.0.0.0 2000 No

xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (A valid IP Address) 0 No

xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx(A valid IP Address) 2000 Yes, activate it in every 2000


second.

Disconnection Time after no traffic: It is the NO Response time clock. When no traffic stage time is
beyond the Disconnection time set, Router will automatically halt the tunnel connection and re-establish it
base on the Reconnection Time set. 180 seconds is minimum time interval for this function.
Reconnection Time: It is the reconnecting time interval after NO TRAFFIC is initiated. 3 minutes is
minimum time interval for this function.
Click Edit/Delete to save your changes.

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Example: Configuring a IPSec LAN-to-LAN VPN Connection

Table 3: Network Configuration and Security Plan


Branch Office Head Office
Local Network ID 192.168.0.0/24 192.168.1.0/24
Local Router IP 69.121.1.30 69.121.1.3
Remote Network ID 192.168.1.0/24 192.168.0.0/24
Remote Router IP 69.1.121.3 69.1.121.30
IKE Pre-shared Key 12345678 12345678
VPN Connection Type Tunnel mode Tunnel mode
Security Algorithm ESP:MD5 with AES ESP:MD5 with AES

Both office LAN networks MUST in different subnet with LAN to LAN application.

Functions of Pre-shared Key, VPN Connection Type and Security Algorithm


MUST BE identically set up on both sides.
Attention

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Configuring IPSec VPN in the Head Office

1
2
3
4

Item Function Description


1 Name IPSec_HeadOffice Given a name of IPSec connection
Select Subnet from Local Network
Local Network Subnet
drop-down menu.
2
IP Address 192.168.1.0
Head office network
Netmask 255.255.255.0
Remote Secure Gateway IP IP address of the branch office router (in
3 69.121.1.30
(or Hostname) WAN side)
Select Subnet from Remote Network
Remote Network Subnet
drop-down menu
4
IP Address 192.168.0.0
Branch office network
Netmask 255.255.255.0
Authentication MD5
Encryption 3DES
5 Security plan
Prefer Forward Security None
Pre-shared Key 12345

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Configuring IPSec VPN in the Branch Office

1
2
3
4

Item Function Description


IPSec_Branch
1 Name Given a name of IPSec connection
Office
Select Subnet from Local Network
Local Network Subnet
drop-down menu.
2
IP Address 192.168.0.0
Branch office network
Netmask 255.255.255.0
Remote Secure Gateway IP IP address of the head office router (in WAN
3 69.121.1.3
(or Hostname) side)
Select Subnet from Remote Network
Remote Network Subnet
drop-down menu
4
IP Address 192.168.1.0
Head office network
Netmask 255.255.255.0
Authentication MD5
Encryption 3DES
5 Security plan
Prefer Forward Security None
Pre-shared Key 12345
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Example: Configuring a IPSec Host-to-LAN VPN Connection

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Configuring IPSec VPN in the Office

1
2

3
4

Item Function Description


1 Name IPSec Given a name of IPSec connection
Select Subnet from Network drop-down
Local Network Subnet
menu
2
IP Address 192.168.1.0
Head office network
Netmask 255.255.255.0
Remote Secure Gateway IP
3 69.121.1.30 Remote worker’s IP address
(or Hostname)
Select Single Address from Remote
Remote Network Single Address
4 Network drop-down menu
IP Address 69.121.1.30 Remote worker’s IP address
Authentication MD5
Encryption 3DES
5 Security plan
Prefer Forward Security None
Pre-shared Key 12345

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L2TP (Layer Two Tunneling Protocol)

Two types of L2TP VPN are supported Remote Access and LAN-to-LAN (please refer below for more
information.). Fill in the blank with information you need and click Add to create a new VPN connection
account.
Active: This function activates or deactivates the L2TP connection. Check Active checkbox if you want
the protocol of tunnel to be activated and vice versa.
Note: When the Active checkbox is checked, the function of Edit and Delete will not be available.
Name: This is a given name of the connection.
Connection Type: It informs your L2TP tunnel connection condition.
Type: This refers to your router operates as a client or a server, Dialout or Dialin in respectively.

L2TP Connection - Remote Access

Connection Type: Remote Access or LAN to LAN.


Name: A given name for the connection (e.g. “connection to office”).

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Active: This function activates or deactivates the L2TP connection. Check Active checkbox if you want
the protocol of tunnel to be activated and vice versa.
Note: When the Active checkbox is checked, the function of Edit and Delete will not be available.
Type: Check Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server), check Dial In operates as a VPN server.
 When configuring your router as a Client, enter the remote Server IP Address (or Hostname)
you wish to connection to.
 When configuring your router as a server, enter the Private IP Address Assigned to Dial in
User address.
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host. If you are a
Dial-In user (server), enter your own username.
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by your Host. If you are a
Dial-In user (server), enter your own password.
Authentication Type: Default is Auto if you want the router to determine the authentication type to use,
or else manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) or PAP (Password
Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is using (when acting as a client), or else the
authentication type you want clients connecting to you to use (when acting as a server). When using PAP,
the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the password before sending, and also allows
for challenges at different periods to ensure that the client has not been replaced by an intruder.
Tunnel Authentication: This enables router to authenticate both the L2TP remote and L2TP host. This
is only valid when L2TP remote supports this feature.
Secret: The secure password length should be 16 characters which may include numbers and
characters.
Active as default route: Commonly used by the Dial-out connection which all packets will route through
the VPN tunnel to the Internet; therefore, active the function may degrade the Internet performance.
Remote Host Name (Optional): Enter hostname of remote VPN device. It is a tunnel identifier from the
Remote VPN device matches with the Remote hostname provided. If remote hostname matches, tunnel
will be connected; otherwise, it will be dropped.
Cautious: This is only when the router performs as a VPN server. This option should be used by advanced users
only.
Local Host Name (Optional): Enter hostname of Local VPN device that is connected / establishes a
VPN tunnel. As default, Router’s default Hostname is home.gateway.
IPSec: Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
Authentication: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures it is not tampered
with in transmit. There are three options, Message Digest 5 (MD5), Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA1) or
NONE. SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
 MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
 SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are four options, DES, 3DES,
AES and NULL. NULL means it is a tunnel only with no encryption. 3DES and AES are more powerful but
increase latency.
 DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
 3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an encryption
method.
 AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, it uses 128 bits as an encryption method.
Perfect Forward Secrecy: Choose whether to enable PFS using Diffie-Hellman public-key cryptography
to change encryption keys during the second phase of VPN negotiation. This function will provide better
security, but extends the VPN negotiation time. Diffie-Hellman is a public-key cryptography protocol that
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allows two parties to establish a shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the
Internet). There are three modes, MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for
Modular Exponentiation Groups.
Pre-shared Key: This is for the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol, a string from 4 to 128 characters.
Both sides should use the same key. IKE is used to establish a shared security policy and authenticated
keys for services (such as IPSec) that require a key. Before any IPSec traffic can be passed, each router
must be able to verify the identity of its peer. This can be done by manually entering the pre-shared key
into both sides (router or hosts).
Click Edit/Delete to save your changes..

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Example: Configuring a L2TP VPN - Remote Access Dial-in Connection


A remote worker establishes a L2TP VPN connection with the head office using Microsoft's VPN Adapter
(included with Windows XP/2000/ME, etc.). The router is installed in the head office, connected to a
couple of PCs and Servers.

Dial-in

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Configuring L2TP VPN in the Office


The input IP address 192.168.1.200 will be assigned to the remote worker. Please make sure this IP is
not used in the Office LAN.

1 2

3
5
4

Item Function Description


1 Name VPN_L2TP Given a name of L2TP connection
Select Remote Access from Connection Type
2 Connection Type Remote Access
drop-down menu
Type Dial in Select Dial in from Type drop-down menu
3
IP Address 192.168.1.200 An assigned IP address for the remote worker
Username username Input username & password to authenticate
4
Password 123456 remote worker
5 Auth.Type Chap(Auto) Keep as default value in most of the cases.
IPSec Enable Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
Authentication MD5
6 Encryption 3DES
Perfect Forward Both sites should use the same value.
None
Secrecy
Pre-shared Key 12345678

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Example: Configuring a Remote Access L2TP VPN Dial-out Connection


A company’s office establishes a L2TP VPN connection with a file server located at a separate location.
The router is installed in the office, connected to a couple of PCs and Servers.

Dial-out

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Configuring the L2TP VPN in the Office

1 2
3
4 5

Item Function Description


1 Name VPN_L2TP Given name of L2TP connection
Select Remote Access from Connection Type
2 Connection Type Remote Access
drop-down menu
Type Dial out Select Dial out from Type drop-down menu
3 IP Address (or
69.121.1.33 An Dialed server IP
Hostname)
Username username
4 A given username & password
Password 123456
5 Auth.Type Chap(Auto) Keep as default value in most of the cases.
IPSec Enable Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
Authentication MD5
6 Encryption 3DES
Perfect Forward Both sites should use the same value.
None
Secrecy
Pre-shared Key 12345678

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Example: Configuring your Router to Dial-in to the Server


Currently, Microsoft Windows operation system does not support L2TP incoming service. Additional
software may be required to set up your L2TP incoming service.

L2TP Connection - LAN to LAN

L2TP VPN Connection


Name: A given name of the connection.
Connection Type: Remote Access or LAN to LAN.
Active: This function activates or deactivates the L2TP connection. Check Active checkbox if you want
the protocol of tunnel to be activated and vice versa.
Note: When the Active checkbox is checked, the function of Edit and Delete will not be available.
Type: Check Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server), check Dial In operates as a VPN server.
 When configuring your router establish the connection to a remote LAN, enter the remote Server
IP Address (or Hostname) you wish to connection to.
 When configuring your router as a server to accept incoming connections, enter the Private IP
Address Assigned to Dial in User address.
Peer Network IP: Enter Peer network IP address.
Netmask: Enter the subnet mask of peer network based on the Peer Network IP setting.
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host. If you are a
Dial-In user (server), enter your own username.
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by your Host. If you are a
Dial-In user (server), enter your own password.
Authentication Type: Default is Auto if you want the router to determine the authentication type to use,
or else manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) or PAP (Password
Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is using (when acting as a client), or else the
authentication type you want clients connecting to you to use (when acting as a server). When using PAP,
the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the password before sending, and also allows
for challenges at different periods to ensure that the client has not been replaced by an intruder.
Tunnel Authentication: This enables router to authenticate both the L2TP remote and L2TP host. This
is only valid when L2TP remote supports this feature.

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Secret: The secure password length should be 16 characters which may include numbers and
characters.
Active as default route: As the connection type is LAN to LAN, this function will become to disable.
Remote Host Name (Optional): Enter hostname of remote VPN device. It is a tunnel identifier from the
Remote VPN device matches with the Remote hostname provided. If remote hostname matches, tunnel
will be connected; otherwise, it will be dropped.
Cautious: This is only when the router performs as a VPN server. This option should be used by advanced users
only.
Local Host Name (Optional): Enter hostname of Local VPN device that is connected / establishes a
VPN tunnel. As default, Router’s default Hostname is home.gateway.
IPSec: Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
Authentication: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures it is not tampered
with in transmit. There are three options, Message Digest 5 (MD5), Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA1) or
NONE. SHA-1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
 MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
 SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are four options, DES, 3DES,
AES and NULL. NULL means it is a tunnel only with no encryption. 3DES and AES are more powerful but
increase latency.
 DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
 3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an encryption
method.
 AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, it uses 128 bits as an encryption method.
Perfect Forward Secrecy: Choose whether to enable PFS using Diffie-Hellman public-key cryptography
to change encryption keys during the second phase of VPN negotiation. This function will provide better
security, but extends the VPN negotiation time. Diffie-Hellman is a public-key cryptography protocol that
allows two parties to establish a shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the
Internet). There are three modes, MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for
Modular Exponentiation Groups.
Pre-shared Key: This is for the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol, a string from 4 to 128 characters.
Both sides should use the same key. IKE is used to establish a shared security policy and authenticated
keys for services (such as IPSec) that require a key. Before any IPSec traffic can be passed, each router
must be able to verify the identity of its peer. This can be done by manually entering the pre-shared key
into both sides (router or hosts).
Click Edit/Delete to save your changes.

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Example: Configuring L2TP LAN-to-LAN VPN Connection


The branch office establishes a L2TP VPN tunnel with head office to connect two private networks over
the Internet. The routers are installed in the head office and branch office accordingly.

Both office LAN networks MUST in different subnet with LAN to LAN application.

Functions of Pre-shared Key, VPN Connection Type and Security Algorithm


MUST BE identically set up on both sides.
Attention

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Configuring L2TP VPN in the Head Office


The IP address 192.168.1.200 will be assigned to the router located in the branch office. Please make
sure this IP is not used in the head office LAN.

1 2

3
4
6
5

Item Function Description


1 Name HeadOffice Given a name of L2TP connection
Select LAN to LAN from Connection Type drop-down
2 Connection Type LAN to LAN
menu
Type Dial in Select Dial in from Type drop-down menu
3
IP Address 192.168.1.200 IP address assigned to branch office network
Peer Network IP 192.168.0.0
4 Branch office network
Netmask 255.255.255.0
Username username Input username & password to authenticate branch
5
Password 123456 office network
6 Auth.Type Chap(Auto) Keep as default value in most of the cases.
IPSec Enable Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
Authentication MD5
7 Encryption 3DES
Perfect Forward Both sites should use the same value.
None
Secrecy
Pre-shared Key 12345678

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Configuring L2TP VPN in the Branch Office


The IP address 69.121.1.33 is the Public IP address of the router located in head office. If you registered
the DDNS (please refer to the DDNS section of this manual), you can also use the domain name instead
of the IP address to reach the router.

1
2
3
4
5 6

Item Function Description


1 Name BranchOffice Given a name of L2TP connection
2 Connection Type LAN to LAN Select LAN to LAN from drop-down menu
Type Dial out Select Dial out from drop-down menu
3
IP Address (or Hostname) 69.121.1.33 IP address of the head office router (in WAN side)
Peer Network IP 192.168.1.0
4 Head office network
Netmask 255.255.255.0
Username username Input username & password to authenticate head
5
Password 123456 office network
6 Auth.Type Chap(Auto) Keep as default value in most of the cases.
IPSec Enable Enable for enhancing your L2TP VPN security.
Authentication MD5
7 Encryption 3DES
Both sites should use the same value.
Perfect Forward Secrecy None
Pre-shared Key 12345678

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QoS - Quality of Service

QoS function helps you to control your network traffic for each application from LAN (Ethernet and/or
Wireless) to WAN (Internet). It facilitates you to control the different quality and speed of through put for
each application when the system is running with full loading of upstream.

Here are the items within the QoS section: Prioritization and Outbound / Inbound IP Throttling
(bandwidth management).

Prioritization

There are three priority settings to be provided in the Router:


 High
 Normal (The default is normal priority for all of traffic without setting)
 Low
And the balances of utilization for each priority are High (60%), Normal (30%) and Low (10%).
To delete the application, you can choose Delete option and then click Edit/Delete.

Name: User-define description to identify this new policy/application.


Time Schedule: Scheduling your prioritization policy.
Priority: The priority given to each policy/application. Its default setting is set to High; you may adjust this
setting to fit your policy/application.
Protocol: The name of supported protocol.
Source IP Address Range: The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Source Port: The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP address Range: The destination IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port: The destination port of packets to be monitored.
DSCP Marking: Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP), it is the first 6 bits in the ToS byte. DSCP
Marking allows users to assign specific application traffic to be executed in priority by the next Router
based on the DSCP value. See Table 4. The DSCP Mapping Table:
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Note: To be sure the router(s) in the backbones network have the capability in executing and checking the DSCP
through-out the QoS network.

Table 4: DSCP Mapping Table

DSCP Mapping Table

(Wireless) ADSL Router Standard DSCP

Disabled None

Best Effort Best Effort (000000)

Premium Express Forwarding (101110)

Gold service (L) Class 1, Gold (001010)

Gold service (M) Class 1, Silver (001100)

Gold service (H) Class 1, Bronze (001110)

Silver service (L) Class 2, Gold (010010)

Silver service (M) Class 2, Silver (010100)

Silver service (H) Class 2, Bronze (010110)

Bronze service (L) Class 3, Gold (011010)

Bronze service (M) Class 3, Silver (011100)

Bronze service (H) Class 3, Bronze (011110)

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Outbound IP Throttling (LAN to WAN)

IP Throttling allows you to limit the speed of IP traffic. The value entered will limit the speed of the
application that you set to the specified value’s multiple of 32kbps.

Name: User-define description to identify this new policy/name.


Time Schedule: Scheduling your prioritization policy. Refer to Time Schedule for more information.
Protocol: The name of supported protocol.
Rate Limit: To limit the speed of outbound traffic
Source IP Address Range: The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Source Port(s): The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP Address Range: The destination IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port(s): The destination port of packets to be monitored.

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Inbound IP Throttling (WAN to LAN)

IP Throttling allows you to limit the speed of IP traffic. The value entered will limit the speed of the
application that you set to the specified value’s multiple of 32kbps.

Name: User-define description to identify this new policy/application.


Time Schedule: Scheduling your prioritization policy. Refer to Time Schedule for more information.
Protocol: The name of supported protocol.
Rate Limit: To limit the speed of for inbound traffic.
Source IP Address Range: The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Source Port(s): The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP Address Range: The destination IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port(s): The destination port of packets to be monitored.

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Example: QoS for your Network

Connection Diagram

VoIP

Normal PCs

Restricted PC
Information and Settings
Upstream: 928 kbps
Downstream: 8 Mbps

VoIP User : 192.168.1.1


Normal Users : 192.168.1.2~192.168.1.5
Restricted User: 192.168.1.100

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Throughput

500

400
VoIP/VPN
300 HIGH
kbps Others
200 NORMAL
Restricted
100 LOW

0
VoIP/VPN Others Restricted
HIGH NORMAL LOW

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Mission-critical application
Mostly the VPN connection is mission-critical application for doing data exchange between head and
branch office.

The mission-critical application must be sent out smoothly without any dropping. Set priority as high level
for preventing any other applications to saturate the bandwidth.

Voice application
Voice is latency-sensitive application. Most VoIP devices are use SIP protocol and the port number will be
assigned by SIP module automatically. Better to use fixed IP address for catching VoIP packets as high
priority.

Above settings will help to improve quality of your VoIP service when traffic is full loading.

Restricted Application
Some of companies will setup FTP server for customer downloading or home user sharing their files by
using FTP.

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With above settings that help to limit utilization of upstream of FTP. Time schedule also help you to only
limit utilization at daytime.

Advanced setting by using IP throttling


With IP throttling you can specify more detail for allocating bandwidth; even the applications are located in
the same level.

Upstream: 928kbps (29*32kbps)


Mission-critical Application: 192kbps (6*32kbps)
Voice Application: 128kbps (4*32kbps)
Restricted Application: 160kbps (5*32kbps)
Other Applications: 448kbps (14*32kbps)

6+4+14+5=29, 29*32kbps=928kbps

Sometime your customers or friends may upload their files to your FTP server and that will saturate your

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downstream bandwidth. The settings below help you to limit bandwidth for the restricted application.

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Virtual Server (known as Port Forwarding)


In TCP/IP and UDP networks a port is a 16-bit number used to identify which application program (usually
a server) incoming connections should be delivered to. Some ports have numbers that are pre-assigned
to them by the IANA (the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority), and these are referred to as “well-known
ports”. Servers follow the well-known port assignments so clients can locate them.
If you wish to run a server on your network that can be accessed from the WAN (i.e. from other machines
on the Internet that are outside your local network), or any application that can accept incoming
connections (e.g. Peer-to-peer/P2P software such as instant messaging applications and P2P file-sharing
applications) and are using NAT (Network Address Translation), then you will usually need to configure
your router to forward these incoming connection attempts using specific ports to the PC on your network
running the application. You will also need to use port forwarding if you want to host an online game
server.
The reason for this is that when using NAT, your publicly accessible IP address will be used by and point
to your router, which then needs to deliver all traffic to the private IP addresses used by your PCs. Please
see the WAN configuration section of this manual for more information on NAT.
The device can be configured as a virtual server so that remote users accessing services such as Web or
FTP services via the public (WAN) IP address can be automatically redirected to local servers in the LAN
network. Depending on the requested service (TCP/UDP port number), the device redirects the external
service request to the appropriate server within the LAN network

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Add Virtual Server

Because NAT can act as a “natural” Internet firewall, your router protects your network from being
accessed by outside users when using NAT, as all incoming connection attempts will point to your router
unless you specifically create Virtual Server entries to forward those ports to a PC on your network.
When your router needs to allow outside users to access internal servers, e.g. a web server, FTP server,
Email server or game server, the router can act as a “virtual server”. You can set up a local server with a
specific port number for the service to use, e.g. web/HTTP (port 80), FTP (port 21), Telnet (port 23),
SMTP (port 25), or POP3 (port 110), When an incoming access request to the router for a specified port is
received, it will be forwarded to the corresponding internal server.

Application: Users-define description to identify this entry or click drop-down menu to select
existing predefined rules.
: 20 predefined rules are available. Application, Protocol and External/Redirect Ports will be
filled after the selection.
Protocol: It is the supported protocol for the virtual server. In addition to specifying the port number to be
used, you will also need to specify the protocol used. The protocol used is determined by the particular
application. Most applications will use TCP or UDP.
Time Schedule: User-defined time period to enable your virtual server. You may specify a time
schedule or Always on for the usage of this Virtual Server Entry. For setup and detail, refer to Time
Schedule section
External Port: The Port number on the Remote/WAN side used when accessing the virtual server.
Redirect Port: The Port number used by the Local server in the LAN network.
Internal IP Address: The private IP in the LAN network, which will be providing the virtual server
application. List all existing PCs connecting to the network. You may assign a PC with IP
address and MAC from this list.

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Example:
If you like to remote accessing your Router through the Web/HTTP at all time, you would need to enable
port number 80 (Web/HTTP) and map to Router’s IP Address. Then all incoming HTTP requests from
you (Remote side) will be forwarded to the Router with IP address of 192.168.1.254. Since port number
80 has already been predefined, next to the Application click Helper. A list of predefined rules window
will pop and select HTTP_Sever.
Application: HTTP_Sever
Time Schedule: Always On
Protocol: tcp
External Port: 80-80
Redirect Port: 80-80
IP Address: 192.168.1.254

Add: Click it to apply your settings.


Edit/Delete: Click it to edit or delete this virtual server application.

Using port forwarding does have security implications, as outside users will be
able to connect to PCs on your network. For this reason you are advised to use
specific Virtual Server entries just for the ports your application requires,
instead of using DMZ. As doing so will result in all connections from the WAN
attempt to access to your public IP of the DMZ PC specified.

If you have disabled the NAT option in the WAN-ISP section, the Virtual Server
function will hence be invalid.

If the DHCP server option is enabled, you have to be very careful in assigning
the IP addresses of the virtual servers in order to avoid conflicts. The easiest
Attention way of configuring Virtual Servers is to manually assign static IP address to
each virtual server PC, with an address that does not fall into the range of IP
addresses that are to be issued by the DHCP server. You can configure the
virtual server IP address manually, but it must still be in the same subnet as the
router.
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Edit DMZ Host

The DMZ Host is a local computer exposed to the Internet. When setting a particular internal IP address
as the DMZ Host, all incoming packets will be checked by the Firewall and NAT algorithms then passed to
the DMZ host, when a packet received does not use a port number used by any other Virtual Server
entries.
Cautious: This Local computer exposing to the Internet may face varies of security risks.
Virtual Server
Go to Configuration Edit DMZ Host

 Enabled: It activates your DMZ function.


 Disabled: As set in default setting, it disables the DMZ function.
Internal IP Address: Give a static IP address to the DMZ Host when Enabled radio button is checked.
Be aware that this IP will be exposed to the WAN/Internet.
List all existing PCs connecting to the network. You may assign a PC with IP address and MAC
from this list.
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.

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Edit One-to-One NAT (Network Address Translation)

One-to-One NAT maps a specific private/local IP address to a global/public IP address.


If you have multiple public/WAN IP addresses from you ISP, you are eligible for One-to-One NAT to utilize
these IP addresses.
Virtual Server
Go to Configuration Edit One-to-one NAT

NAT Type: Select desired NAT type. As set in default setting, it disables the One-to-One NAT function.
Global IP Address:
 Subnet: The subnet of the public/WAN IP address given by your ISP. If your ISP has provided
this information, you may insert it here. Otherwise, use IP Range method.
 IP Range: The IP address range of your public/WAN IP addresses. For example, IP:
192.168.1.1, end IP: 192.168.1.10
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.

Check to create a new One-to-One NAT rule:

Application: Users-defined description to identify this entry or click drop-down menu to select
existing predefined rules.
: 20 predefined rules are available. Application, Protocol and External/Redirect Ports will be
filled after the selection.
Protocol: It is the supported protocol for the virtual server. In addition to specifying the port number to be
used, you will also need to specify the protocol used. The protocol used is determined by the particular
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application. Most applications will use TCP or UDP;


Time Schedule: User-defined time period to enable your virtual server. You may specify a time
schedule or Always on for the usage of this Virtual Server Entry. For setup and detail, refer to Time
Schedule section
Global IP: Define a public/ WAN IP address for this Application to use. This Global IP address must
be defined in the Global IP Address.
External Port: The Port number on the Remote/WAN side used when accessing the virtual server.
Redirect Port: The Port number used by the Local server in the LAN network.
Internal IP Address: The private IP in the LAN network, which will be providing the virtual server
application. List all existing PCs connecting to the network. You may assign a PC with IP
address and MAC from this list.
Select the Add button to apply your changes.

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Example: List of some well-known and registered port numbers.


The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the central coordinator for the assignment of unique
parameter values for Internet protocols. Port numbers range from 0 to 65535, but only ports numbers 0 to
1023 are reserved for privileged services and are designated as “well-known ports” (Please refer to Table
5). The registered ports are numbered from 1024 through 49151. The remaining ports, referred to as
dynamic or private ports, are numbered from 49152 through 65535.
For further information, please see IANA’s website at: http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers
For help on determining which private port numbers are used by common applications on this list, please
see the FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) at: http://www.billion.com
Table 5: Well-known and registered Ports

Port Number Protocol Description

20 TCP FTP Data


21 TCP FTP Control
22 TCP & UDP SSH Remote Login Protocol
23 TCP Telnet
25 TCP SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
53 TCP & UDP DNS (Domain Name Server)
69 UDP TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol)
80 TCP World Wide Web HTTP
110 TCP POP3 (Post Office Protocol Version 3)
119 TCP NEWS (Network News Transfer Protocol)
123 UDP NTP (Network Time Protocol) / SNTP (Simple Network Time
Protocol)
161 TCP SNMP
443 TCP & UDP HTTPS
1503 TCP T.120
1720 TCP H.323
4000 TCP ICQ
7070 UDP RealAudio

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Time Schedule
The Time Schedule supports up to 16 time slots which helps you to manage your Internet connection. In
each time profile, you may schedule specific day(s) i.e. Monday through Sunday to restrict or allowing the
usage of the Internet by users or applications.
This Time Schedule correlates closely with router’s time, since router does not have a real time clock on
board; it uses the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to get the current time from an SNTP server
from the Internet. Refer to Time Zone for details. You router time should correspond with your local time.
If the time is not set correctly, your Time Schedule will not function properly.

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Configuration of Time Schedule

Edit a Time Slot


1. Choose any Time Slot (ID 1 to ID 16) to edit, click Edit radio button.

Note: Watch it carefully, the days you have selected will present in capital letter. Lower case letter shows the
day(s) is not selected, and no rule will apply on this day(s).

2. A detailed setting of this Time Slot will be shown.

ID: This is the index of the time slot.


Name: A user-define description to identify this time portfolio.
Day in a week: The default is set from Monday through Friday. You may specify the days for the
schedule to be applied.
Start Time: The default is set at 8:00 AM. You may specify the start time of the schedule.
End Time: The default is set at 18:00 (6:00PM). You may specify the end time of the schedule.
Choose Edit radio button and click Edit/Delete button to apply your changes.

Delete a Time Slot


Choose Delete radio button, and click Delete button to delete the existing Time profile, i.e. erase the Day
and back to default setting of Start Time / End Time.

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Advanced
Configuration options within the Advanced section are for users who wish to take advantage of the more
advanced features of the router. Users who do not understand the features should not attempt to
reconfigure their router, unless advised to do so by support staff.

Here are the items within the Advanced section: Static Route, Dynamic DNS, Check Email, Device
Management, IGMP and VLAN Bridge.

Static Route

Go to Configuration/Advanced/Static Route.

Destination: This is the destination subnet IP address.


Netmask: Subnet mask of the destination IP addresses based on above destination subnet IP.
Gateway: This is the gateway IP address to which packets are to be forwarded.
Interface: Select the interface through which packets are to be forwarded.
Cost: This is the same meaning as Hop. This should usually be left at 1.

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Dynamic DNS

The Dynamic DNS function allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname, allowing users
whose ISP does not assign them a static IP address to use a domain name. This is especially useful for
hosting servers via your ADSL connection, so that anyone wishing to connect to you may use your
domain name, rather than having to use your dynamic IP address, which changes from time to time. This
dynamic IP address is the WAN IP address of the router, which is assigned to you by your ISP.

You will first need to register and establish an account with the Dynamic DNS provider using their website,
for example http://www.dyndns.org/
There are more than 5 DDNS services supported.
Dynamic DNS:
 Disable: Check to disable the Dynamic DNS function.
 Enable: Check to enable the Dynamic DNS function. The following fields will be activated and
required:
Dynamic DNS Server: Select the DDNS service you have established an account with.
Domain Name, Username and Password: Enter your registered domain name and your username and
password for this service.
Period: Set the time period between updates, for the Router to exchange information with the DDNS
server. In addition to updating periodically as per your settings, the router will perform an update when
your dynamic IP address changes.

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Check Email

This function allows you to have the router check your POP3 mailbox for new Email messages. The Mail
LED on your router will light when it detects new messages waiting for download. You may also view the
status of this function using the Status – Email Checking section of the web interface, which also provides
details on the number of new messages waiting. See the Status section of this manual for more
information.

Check Email:
 Disable: Check to disable the router’s Email checking function.
 Enable: Check to enable the routers Email checking function. The following fields will be
activated and required:
Account Name: Enter the name (login) of the POP3 account you wish to check. Normally, it is the text in
your email address before the "@" symbol. If you have trouble with it, please contact your ISP.
Password: Enter the account’s password.
POP3 Mail Server: Enter your (POP) mail server name. You Internet Service Provider (ISP) or network
administrator will be able to supply you with this.
Period: Enter the value in minutes between periodic mail checks.
Dial-out for checking emails: When the function is enabled, your ADSL router will connect to your ISP
automatically to check emails if your Internet connection dropped. Please be careful when using this
feature if your ADSL service is charged by time online.

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Device Management

The Device Management advanced configuration settings allow you to control your router’s security
options and device monitoring features.

Device Host Name


Host Name: Give a name for it.
(The Host Name cannot be used with one word only. There are two words should be connected
with a '.' at least.
Example:
Host Name: homegateway ==> Incorrect
Host Name: home.gateway or my.home.gateway ==> Correct)
Embedded Web Server ( 2 Management IP Accounts)
HTTP Port: This is the port number the router’s embedded web server (for web-based configuration) will
use. The default value is the standard HTTP port, 80. Users may specify an alternative if, for example,
they are running a web server on a PC within their LAN.
Management IP Address: You may specify an IP address allowed to logon and access the router’s web
server. Setting the IP address to 0.0.0.0 will disable IP address restrictions, allowing users to login from
any IP address.

Expire to auto-logout: Specify a time frame for the system to auto-logout the user’s configuration
session.
For Example: User A changes HTTP port number to 100, specifies their own IP address of 192.168.1.55,
and sets the logout time to be 100 seconds. The router will only allow User A access from the IP
address 192.168.1.55 to logon to the Web GUI by typing: http://192.168.1.254:100 in their web browser.
After 100 seconds, the device will automatically logout User A.

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Universal Plug and Play (UPnP)

UPnP offers peer-to-peer network connectivity for PCs and other network devices, along with control and
data transfer between devices. UPnP offers many advantages for users running NAT routers through
UPnP NAT Traversal, and on supported systems makes tasks such as port forwarding much easier by
letting the application control the required settings, removing the need for the user to control advanced
configuration of their device.

Both the user’s Operating System and the relevant application must support UPnP in addition to the
router. Windows XP and Windows Me natively support UPnP (when the component is installed), and
Windows 98 users may install the Internet Connection Sharing client from Windows XP in order to
support UPnP. Windows 2000 does not support UPnP.
 Disable: Check to disable the router’s UPnP functionality.
 Enable: Check to enable the router’s UPnP functionality.
UPnP Port: Its default setting is 2800. It is highly recommended for users to use this port value. If this
value conflicts with other ports already being used you may wish to change the port.

SNMP Access Control (Software on a PC within the LAN is required in order to utilize this function) –
Simple Network Management Protocol.
SNMP V1 and V2:
Read Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Read Community, and an IP address. This
community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file. Once the string name
is matched, user obtains this IP address will be able to view the data.
Write Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Write Community, and an IP address. This
community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file. Once the string name
is matched, users from this IP address will be able to view and modify the data.
Trap Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Trap Community, and an IP address. This
community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file. Once the string name
is matched, users from this IP address will be sent SNMP Traps.
SNMP V3:
Specify a name and password for authentication. And define the access right from identified IP address.
Once the authentication has succeeded, users from this IP address will be able to view and modify the
data.

SNMP Version: SNMPv2c and SNMPv3


SNMPv2c is the combination of the enhanced protocol features of SNMPv2 without the SNMPv2 security.
The "c" comes from the fact that SNMPv2c uses the SNMPv1 community string paradigm for "security",
but is widely accepted as the SNMPv2 standard.
SNMPv3 is a strong authentication mechanism, authorization with fine granularity for remote monitoring.
Traps supported: Cold Start, Authentication Failure.
The following MIBs are supported:
From RFC 1213 (MIB-II):
 System group
 Interfaces group
 Address Translation group
 IP group
 ICMP group
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 TCP group
 UDP group
 EGP (not applicable)
 Transmission
 SNMP group

From RFC1650 (EtherLike-MIB):


 dot3Stats

From RFC 1493 (Bridge MIB):


 dot1dBase group
 dot1dTp group
 dot1dStp group (if configured as spanning tree)

From RFC 1471 (PPP/LCP MIB):


 pppLink group
 pppLqr group (not applicable)

From RFC 1472 (PPP/Security MIB):


 PPP Security Group)

From RFC 1473 (PPP/IP MIB):


 PPP IP Group

From RFC 1474 (PPP/Bridge MIB):


 PPP Bridge Group

From RFC1573 (IfMIB):


 ifMIBObjects Group

From RFC1695 (atmMIB):


 atmMIBObjects

From RFC 1907 (SNMPv2):


 only snmpSetSerialNo OID

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IGMP

IGMP, known as Internet Group Management Protocol, is used to management hosts from multicast
group.

IGMP Forwarding: Accepting multicast packet. Default is set to Enable.


IGMP Snooping: Allowing switched Ethernet to check and make correct forwarding decisions. Default
is set to Disable.

VLAN Bridge

This section allows you to create VLAN group and specify the member.

Edit: Edit your member ports in selected VLAN group.


Create VLAN: To create another VLAN group.

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Logout
To exit the router’s web interface, choose Logout. Please ensure that you have saved the configuration
settings before you logout.
Be aware that the router is restricted to only one PC accessing the configuration web pages at a time.
Once a PC has logged into the web interface, other PCs cannot get access until the current PC has
logged out of the web interface. If the previous PC forgets to logout, the second PC can access the
page after a user-defined period, by default 3 minutes. You can modify this value using the Advanced –
Device Management section of the web interface. Please see the Advanced section of this manual for
more information.

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Chapter 5: Troubleshooting

If the router is not functioning properly, first check this chapter for simple troubleshooting before
contacting your service provider or Billion support.
Problems starting up the router
Problem Corrective Action

None of the LEDs are Check the connection between the adapter and the router. If the error
on when you turn on persists, you may have a hardware problem. In this case you should
the router. contact technical support.
You have forgotten Try the default login and password, refer to Chapter 3. If this fails, you can
your router login restore your router to its factory settings by holding the Reset button on the
and/or password. back of your router more than 6 seconds.
Caution: After pressing the RESET button for more than 6 seconds, to be sure you
power cycle the device again.

Problems with the WAN Interface


Problem Corrective Action

Initialization of the Ensure that the telephone cable is connected properly from the ADSL port
PVC connection to the wall jack. The ADSL LED on the front panel of the router should be
(“linesync”) failed. on. Check that your VPI, VCI, encapsulation type and type of multiplexing
settings are the same as those provided by your ISP. Reboot the router GE.
If you still have problems, you may need to verify these settings with your
ISP.
Frequent loss of Ensure that all other devices connected to the same telephone line as your
ADSL linesync router (e.g. telephones, fax machines, analogue modems) have a line filter
(disconnections). connected between them and the wall socket (unless you are using a
Central Splitter or Central Filter installed by a qualified and licensed
electrician), and ensure that all line filters are correctly installed and the
right way around. Missing line filters or line filters installed the wrong way
around can cause problems with your ADSL connection, including causing
frequent disconnections.

Problems with the LAN Interface


Problem Corrective Action

Can’t ping any PCs on Check the Ethernet LEDs on the front panel. The LED should be on for a
the LAN. port that has a PC connected. If it is off, check the cables between your
router and the PC. Make sure you have uninstalled any software firewall for
troubleshooting.
Verify that the IP address and the subnet mask are consistent between the
router and the workstations.

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APPENDIX A: Product Support and Contact Information

Most problems can be solved by referring to the Troubleshooting section in the User’s Manual. If you
cannot resolve the problem with the Troubleshooting chapter, please contact the dealer where you
purchased this product.

Contact Billion

WORLDWIDE

http://www.billion.com/

Mac OS is a registered Trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.


Windows 98, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows Me and Windows XP are registered Trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation.

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