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ELECTRICAL MACHINES - I

Time : 3 Hrs Max.Marks : 100

PART A 10X1=10

Answer any 10 Questions. Each Question Carries ONE mark:-

1. What is DC generator?
2. What are the types of armature winding?
3. What type of generator can be used for general power supply?
4. What is the formula for speed regulation?
5. Write any one drawback of brake test.
6. What is the function of transformer?
7. How can be iron loss be measured?
8. What is an ideal transformer?
9. Write any two advantages of parallel operation of transformer?
10. What will be the colour of silica gel when it is dry?
11. What is Solar cell?
12. What is standalone test condition (STC)?
13. What is grid connected PV systems?

PART B 5X3=15

Answer any 5 Questions. Each Question Carries THREE marks:-

14. Give a brief account of Lap and Wave winding.


15. Prove that, how the speed of a DC motor is inversely proportional to the flux.
16. What are the disadvantage of 3-point starter?
17. Write short notes about OC and SC test on a transformer.
18. Mention the applications of auto-transformer.
19. What is the need for tap changing in transformers? What are the types of tap
changing?
20. Write the Indication of fully charged cells.
21. Compare primary and secondary batteries.

PART C 5X15=75

Answer all questions by choosing compulsory questions (A) carries FIVE marks
and one question from either (B) or (C) carries TEN marks.

22. A) Compare magnetic and electric circuits.

B) Explain the Internal and External characteristics of DC series generator with


neat circuit diagram.
(OR)
C) A coil of 300 turns and of resistance 10 is wound uniformly over a steel ring of
mean circumference 30 cm and cross-sectional area 9 cm2. It is connected to a
supply at 20V dc. If the relative permeability of the ring is 1500, find (i) The
magnetic force (ii)The reluctance (iii)The mmf and (iv) The flux.

23. A) Explain the Swinburnes test to predetermine the efficiency of DC motor with
neat circuit diagram.

B) A 25KW, 250V, D.C shunt generator has armature and field resistance of 0.06
and 100 respectively. Determine the total armature power developed when
working (i) as a generator delivering 25 KW output and (ii) as a motor taking
25KW input.
(OR)
C) A 6 pole lap connected 230V shunt motor has 410 armature conductors. It takes
41A on full load. The flux per pole is 0.05 Wb. The armature and field resistance
are 0.1 and 230 respectively. Contact drop per brush is 1V. Determine the
speed of motor at full load.

24. A) A 230/2300V transformer takes no load current of 5A at 0.25p.f lagging.


Find (i) the core loss and (ii) magnetizing current.

B) A 15 k VA, 2200/110 V transformer has R1=1.75, R2=0.0045. The leakage


reactances are X1=2.6 and X2=0.0075. Calculate, (i) Equivalent resistance
referred to primary and secondary, (ii) Equivalent reactance referred to primary
and secondary.
(OR)
C) A transformer has its maximum efficiency of 0.98 at 15KVA at unity power factor.
During the day it is loaded as follows :
12 hours : 2KW at p.f of 0.5
6 hours : 12KW at p.f of 0.8
6 hours : at no load.

25. A) Explain (i) Scott connection (ii) V-V connection of 3-phase transformer.

B) Explain Dismantling Procedure for Distribution Transformer.


(OR)
C) Explain about Open-Delta connection with neat diagram and Phasor diagram.

26. A) Explain the different methods of charging of batteries.

B) Briefly explain the important features of Solar PV modules.


(OR)
C) Write short notes on
(i) Standalone PV systems
(ii) Grid Connected PV Systems.