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# 338 CHAPTER 5 Stresses in Beams (Basic Topics)

## Shear Stresses in Circular Beams

P
Problem 5.9-1 A wood pole of solid circular cross section (d 
d
diameter) is subjected to a horizontal force P  450 lb (see figure). The d
length of the pole is L  6 ft, and the allowable stresses in the wood are L
1900 psi in bending and 120 psi in shear.
Determine the minimum required diameter of the pole based upon (a)
the allowable bending stress, and (b) the allowable shear stress.

## Solution 5.9-1 Wood pole of circular cross section

P (a) BASED UPON BENDING STRESS
Mmax  PL  (450 lb)(72 in.)  32,400 lb-in.
d M 32M 32Mmax
s  3 d  s
3
 173.7 in.3
L S d allow

## (b) BASED UPON SHEAR STRESS

P  450 lb L  6 ft  72 in. Vmax  450 lb
allow  1900 psi 4V 16V 16Vmax
allow  120 psi t  2 d 
2
 6.366 in.2
3A 3d 3tallow
Find diameter d
dmin  2.52 in.
(Bending stress governs.)

## Problem 5.9-2 A simple log bridge in a remote area consists of two

parallel logs with planks across them (see figure). The logs are Douglas
fir with average diameter 300 mm. A truck moves slowly across the
bridge, which spans 2.5 m. Assume that the weight of the truck is equally
distributed between the two logs.
Because the wheelbase of the truck is greater than 2.5 m, only one set
of wheels is on the bridge at a time. Thus, the wheel load on one log is
equivalent to a concentrated load W acting at any position along the span.
In addition, the weight of one log and the planks it supports is equivalent W
to a uniform load of 850 N/m acting on the log. x
Determine the maximum permissible wheel load W based upon (a) an 850 N/m
allowable bending stress of 7.0 MPa, and (b) an allowable shear stress of
0.75 MPa. 300 m

2.5 m
SECTION 5.9 Shear Stresses in Circular Beams 339

W
x
q = 850 N/m

L = 2.5 m

## Diameter d  300 mm (b) BASED UPON SHEAR STRESS

allow  7.0 MPa Maximum shear force occurs when wheel is adjacent
allow  0.75 MPa to support (x  0).
Find allowable load W qL 1
Vmax  W   W  (850 Nm)(2.5 m)
2 2
(a) BASED UPON BENDING STRESS  W  1062.5 N (W  newtons)
Maximum moment occurs when wheel is at midspan
d 2
(x  L/2). A  0.070686 m2
4
WL qL2 W 1 4Vmax
Mmax    (2.5 m)  (850 Nm)(2.5 m) 2 tmax 
4 8 4 8 3A
 0.625W  664.1 (N  m) (W  newtons) 3A tallow 3
Vmax   (0.070686 m2 )(0.75 MPa)
d 3 4 4
S  2.651  103 m3  39,760 N
32
Mmax  Sallow  (2.651  103 m3)(7.0 MPa)  W 1062.5 N  39,760 N
 18,560 N  m W  38,700 N  38.7 kN
 0.625W  664.1  18,560
W  28,600 N  28.6 kN

## Problem 5.9-3 A sign for an automobile service station is supported by

b
two aluminum poles of hollow circular cross section, as shown in the
figure. The poles are being designed to resist a wind pressure of 75 lb/ft2
against the full area of the sign. The dimensions of the poles and sign are d
h1  20 ft, h2  5 ft, and b  10 ft. To prevent buckling of the walls of h2 Wind t=—
10
the poles, the thickness t is specified as one-tenth the outside diameter d. load
(a) Determine the minimum required diameter of the poles based
upon an allowable bending stress of 7500 psi in the aluminum.
(b) Determine the minimum required diameter based upon an d
allowable shear stress of 2000 psi. h1
340 CHAPTER 5 Stresses in Beams (Basic Topics)

h2 = 5ft W

d
h1 = 20 ft

## b  width of sign (b) REQUIRED DIAMETER BASED UPON SHEAR STRESS

b  10 ft
Vmax  W  1875 lb
P  75 lb/ft 2
allow  7500 psi 4V r 22  r2r1  r 21 d
t ¢ ≤r2 
allow  2000 psi 3A r2  r1
2 2
2
d  diameter W  wind force on one pole d d d 2d
r1   t   
d b 2 2 10 5
t  W  ph2 ¢ ≤  1875 lb
10 2 d 2 d 2d 2d 2
¢ ≤  ¢ ≤ ¢ ≤  ¢ ≤
(a) REQUIRED DIAMETER BASED UPON r 22  r2r1  r 21 2 2 5 5 61
 
BENDING STRESS r 22  r 21 d 2 2d 2 41
¢ ≤ ¢ ≤
h2 2 5
Mmax  W ¢ h1  ≤  506,250 lb-in.
2  2  4d 2 9d 2
 4 4 A (d 2  d 21 )  B d 2  ¢ ≤ R 
I (d  d 42 )d2  dd1  d  2t  d 4 4 5 100
64 2 5 4V 61 100 V
t ¢ ≤¢ ≤  7.0160 2
 4d 4 d 4 369 369d 4 3 41 9d 2 d
I B d4  ¢ ≤ R  ¢ ≤ (in.4 )
64 5 64 625 40,000 7.0160 V max (7.0160)(1875 lb)
d2    6.5775 in.2
d tallow 2000 psi
c (d  inches)
2 d  2.56 in.
Mc M(d2) 17.253M (Bending stress governs.)
s  
I 369d 440,000 d3
17.253Mmax (17.253)(506,250 lb-in.)
d3  
sallow 7500 psi
 1164.6 in.3 d  10.52 in.

Problem 5.9-4 Solve the preceding problem for a sign and poles
having the following dimensions: h1  6.0 m, h2  1.5 m, b  3.0 m,
and t  d/10. The design wind pressure is 3.6 kPa, and the allowable
stresses in the aluminum are 50 MPa in bending and 14 MPa in shear.
SECTION 5.9 Shear Stresses in Circular Beams 341

h2 = 1.5 m W

d
h1 = 6.0 m

## b  width of sign (b) REQUIRED DIAMETER BASED UPON

b  3.0 m SHEAR STRESS

## p  3.6 kPa Vmax  W  8.1 kN

allow  50 MPa 4V r 22  r1r2  r 21 d
t ¢ ≤r2 
allow  16 MPa 3A r 22  r 21 2
d  diameter W  wind force on one pole d d d 2d
r1   t   
d b 2 2 10 5
t  W  ph2 ¢ ≤  8.1 kN
10 2 d 2
d 2d 2d 2
¢ ≤ ¢ ≤¢ ≤¢ ≤
r 22  r1r2  r 21 2 2 5 5 61
(a) REQUIRED DIAMETER BASED UPON BENDING STRESS  
r 22  r 21 d 2 2d 2 41
h2 ¢ ≤ ¢ ≤
Mmax  W ¢ h1  ≤  54.675 kN  m
ˇ ˇ
2 5
2
Mc  4  2  4d 2 9d 2
s I  (d 42  d 41 )d2  dd1  d  2t  d A (d 2  d 21 )  B d 2  ¢ ≤ R 
I 64 5 4 4 5 100

##  4d 4 d 4 369 369d 4 4V 61 100 V

I Bd4  ¢ ≤ R  ¢ ≤ (m4 ) t ¢ ≤¢ ≤  7.0160 2
64 5 64 625 40,000 3 41 9d 2 d

## d 7.0160 Vmax (7.0160)(8.1 kN)

c (d  meters) d2  
2 tallow 14 MPa
Mc M(d2) 17.253M  0.004059 m2
s  
I 369d 440,000 d3 d  0.06371 m  63.7 mm
17.253Mmax (17.253)(54.675 kN  m) (Bending stress governs)
d3  
ˇ ˇ

sallow 50 MPa
 0.018866 m3
d  0.266 m  266 mm
342 CHAPTER 5 Stresses in Beams (Basic Topics)

## Problem 5.10-1 through 5.10-6 A wide-flange beam (see figure) having

the cross section described below is subjected to a shear force V. Using the y
dimensions of the cross section, calculate the moment of inertia and then
determine the following quantities:
(a) The maximum shear stress max in the web.
(b) The minimum shear stress min in the web. z
O h1 h
(c) The average shear stress aver (obtained by dividing the shear
t
force by the area of the web) and the ratio max/aver.
(d) The shear force Vweb carried in the web and the ratio Vweb /V.
b
Note: Disregard the fillets at the junctions of the web and flanges and
determine all quantities, including the moment of inertia, by considering Probs. 5.10-1 through 5.10-6
the cross section to consist of three rectangles.

## Problem 5.10-1 Dimensions of cross section: b  6 in., t  0.5 in.,

h  12 in., h1  10.5 in., and V  30 k.

## (b) MINIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48b)

t
Vb 2
tmin  (h  h21 )  4555 psi
h1 h b  6.0 in. 8It
t  0.5 in.
(c) AVERAGE SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-50)
h  12.0 in.
V
h1  10.5 in. taver   5714 psi
b V  30 k th1
tmax
 1.014
MOMENT OF INERTIA (Eq. 5-47) taver
1 (d) SHEAR FORCE IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-49)
I  (bh3  bh31  th31 )  333.4 in.4
12 th1
Vweb  (2tmax  tmin )  28.25 k
3
(a) MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48a) Vweb
V  0.942
tmax  (bh2  bh21  th21 )  5795 psi V
8It
SECTION 5.10 Shear Stresses in the Webs of Beams with Flanges 343

## Problem 5.10-2 Dimensions of cross section: b  180 mm, t  12 mm,

h  420 mm, h1  380 mm, and V  125 kN.

## Solution 5.10-2 Wide-flange beam

(b) MINIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48b)
t Vb 2
tmin  (h  h21 )  21.86 MPa
h1 h b  180 mm 8It
t  12 mm
(c) AVERAGE SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-50)
h  420 mm
V
h1  380 mm taver   27.41 MPa
b V  125 kN th1
tmax
MOMENT OF INERTIA (Eq. 5-47)  1.037
taver
1
I  (bh3  bh31  th31 )  343.1  106 mm4
12 (d) SHEAR FORCE IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-49)
th1
(a) MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48a) Vweb  (2tmax  tmin )  119.7 kN
3
V
tmax  (bh2  bh21  th21 )  28.43 MPa Vweb
8It  0.957
V

E); V  10 k.

## (c) AVERAGE SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-50)

t W 8  28 V
b  6.535 in. taver   4921 psi
h1 h th1
t  0.285 in.
tmax
h  8.06 in.  0.988
h1  7.13 in. taver
b V  10 k
(d) Shear force in the web (Eq. 5-49)
MOMENT OF INERTIA (Eq. 5-47) th1
Vweb  (2tmax  tmin )  9.432 k
1 3
I  (bh3  bh31  th31 )  96.36 in.4 Vweb
12  0.943
V
(a) MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48a)
V
tmax  (bh2  bh21  th21 )  4861 psi
8It
(b) MINIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48b)
Vb 2
tmin  (h  h21 )  4202 psi
8It
344 CHAPTER 5 Stresses in Beams (Basic Topics)

## Problem 5.10-4 Dimensions of cross section: b  220 mm, t  12 mm,

h  600 mm, h1  570 mm, and V  200 kN.

## Solution 5.10-4 Wide-flange beam

(b) MINIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48b)
t Vb 2
tmin  (h  h21 )  21.45 MPa
h1 h b  220 mm 8It
t  12 mm
h  600 mm (c) AVERAGE SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-50)
h1  570 mm V
b V  200 kN taver   29.24 MPa
th1
tmax
MOMENT OF INERTIA (Eq. 5-47)  1.104
taver
1
I  (bh3  bh31  th31 )  750.0  106 mm4
12 (d) SHEAR FORCE IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-49)
th1
Vweb  (2tmax  tmin )  196.1 kN
(a) MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48a) 3
V Vweb
tmax  (bh2  bh21  th21 )  32.28 MPa  0.981
8It V

## Problem 5.10-5 Wide-flange shape, W 18  71

(see Table E-1, Appendix E); V  21 k.

## (b) MINIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48b)

t
W 18  71 Vb 2
tmin  (h  h21 )  1993 psi
h1 h b  7.635 in. 8It
t  0.495 in.
h  18.47 in. (c) AVERAGE SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-50)
h1  16.85 in. V
b V  21 k taver   2518 psi
th1
tmax
MOMENT OF INERTIA (Eq. 5-47)  1.046
taver
1
I  (bh3  bh31  th31 )  1162 in.4
12 (d) SHEAR FORCE IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-49)
th1
Vweb  (2tmax  tmin )  20.19 k
(a) MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48a) 3
V Vweb
tmax  (bh2  bh21  th21 )  2634 psi  0.961
8It V
SECTION 5.10 Shear Stresses in the Webs of Beams with Flanges 345

## Problem 5.10-6 Dimensions of cross section: b  120 mm, t  7 mm,

h  350 mm, h1 330 mm, and V  60 kN.

## Solution 5.10-6 Wide-flange beam

(b) MINIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48b)
t
Vb 2
tmin  (h  h21 )  19.35 MPa
h1 h b  120 mm 8It
t  7 mm
h  350 mm (c) AVERAGE SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-50)
h1  330 mm V
b V  60 kN taver   25.97 MPa
th1
tmax
MOMENT OF INERTIA (Eq. 5-47)  1.093
taver
1
I (bh3  bh31  th31 )  90.34  106 mm4 (d) SHEAR FORCE IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-49)
12
th1
Vweb  (2tmax  tmin )  58.63 kN
(a) MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB (Eq. 5-48a) 3
V Vweb
tmax  (bh2  bh21  th21 )  28.40 MPa  0.977
8It V

## Problem 5.10-7 A cantilever beam AB of length L  6.5 ft supports

a uniform load of intensity q that includes the weight of the beam q
(see figure). The beam is a steel W 10  12 wide-flange shape (see
Table E-1, Appendix E).
B W 10  12
Calculate the maximum permissible load q based upon (a) an A
allowable bending stress allow  16 ksi, and (b) an allowable shear L = 6.5 ft
stress allow  8.5 ksi. (Note: Obtain the moment of inertia and
section modulus of the beam from Table E-1.)

## Solution 5.10-7 Cantilever beam

2Ssallow 2(10.9 in.3 )(16,000 psi)
qmax  
L2 (78 in.) 2
h1 h W 10  12  57.33 lb/in.  688 lb/ft
t
From Table E-1:
b  3.960 in. (b) MAXIMUM LOAD BASED UPON SHEAR STRESS
t  0.190 in. Vmax
b
h  9.87 in. Vmax  qLtmax  (bh2  bh21  th21 ) (Eq. 5-48a)
h1  9.87 in. 2(0.210 in.)  9.45 in. 8It
I  53.8 in.4 Vmax 8It(tallow )
S  10.9 in.3 qmax  
L L(bh2  bh21  th21 )
L  6.5 ft  78 in.
allow  16,000 psi Substitute numerical values:
allow  8,500 psi
qmax  181.49 lb/in.  2180 lb/ft
(a) MAXIMUM LOAD BASED UPON BENDING STRESS
NOTE: Bending stress governs. qallow  688 lb/ft
qL2 Mmax 2Ss
Mmax  s  q  2
2 S L
346 CHAPTER 5 Stresses in Beams (Basic Topics)

## Problem 5.10-8 A bridge girder AB on a simple span of length 450 mm

q
L  14 m supports a uniform load of intensity q that includes the
weight of the girder (see figure). The girder is constructed of three 30 mm
plates welded to form the cross section shown. A B
Determine the maximum permissible load q based upon (a) an
allowable bending stress allow  110 MPa, and (b) an allowable L = 14 m
shear stress allow  50 MPa. 15 mm
1800 mm

30 mm

450 mm

## (a) MAXIMUM LOAD BASED UPON BENDING STRESS

qL2 Mmax 8Ss
Mmax  s  q  2
h1 h 8 S L
8Ssallow 8(32.147  106 mm3 )(110 MPa)
t qmax  
L2 (14 m) 2
b  144.3  10 N/m  144 kN/m
3

## (b) MAXIMUM LOAD BASED UPON SHEAR STRESS

L  14 m
b  450 mm t  15 mm qL Vmax
h  1860 mm h1  1800 mm Vmax  tmax  (bh2  bh21  th21 ) (Eq. 5-48a)
2 8It
allow  110 MPa 2Vmax 16It(tallow )
allow  50 MPa qmax  
L L(bh2  bh21  th21 )
c  h/2  930 mm
1 Substitute numerical values:
Eq. (5-47): I (bh3  bh31  th31 )
12 qmax  173.8  103 N/m  174 kN/m
 29.897  109 mm4
NOTE: Bending stress governs. qallow  144 kN/m
I 29.897  109 mm4
S   32.147  106 mm3
c 930 mm

## Problem 5.10-9 A simple beam with an overhang supports a uniform P = 3000 lb

load of intensity q  1200 lb/ft and a concentrated load P  3000 lb 8 ft
q = 1200 lb/ft
(see figure). The uniform load includes an allowance for the weight of
the beam. The allowable stresses in bending and shear are 18 ksi and
11 ksi, respectively. A C
B
Select from Table E-2, Appendix E, the lightest I-beam (S shape)
that will support the given loads.
Hint: Select a beam based upon the bending stress and then calculate 12 ft 4 ft
the maximum shear stress. If the beam is overstressed in shear, select a
heavier beam and repeat.
SECTION 5.10 Shear Stresses in the Webs of Beams with Flanges 347

## Solution 5.10-9 Beam with an overhang

P = 3000 lb Maximum bending moment:
8 ft
q = 1200 lb/ft
Mmax  22,820 lb-ft at x  6.167 ft
REQUIRED SECTION MODULUS
A C Mmax (22,820 lb-ft)(12 in.ft)
B S   15.2 in.3
sallow 18,000 psi

## 12 ft 4 ft From Table E-2:

RA RB
Lightest beam is S 8  23
x I  64.9 in.4 S  16.2 in.3
b  4.171 in. t  0.441 in.
allow  18 ksi h  8.00 in. h1  8.00  2(0.426)  7.148 in.
allow  11 ksi
MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS (Eq. 5-48a)
Select a beam of S shape Vmax 2
RA  7400 lb tmax  (bh  bh21  th21 )
8It
RB  14,800 lb  3340 psi 6 11,000 psi  ok for shear
Maximum shear force: Vmax  10,000 lb at x  12 ft
Select S 8  23 beam

## Problem 5.10-10 A hollow steel box beam has the rectangular 20

mm
cross section shown in the figure. Determine the maximum allowable
shear force V that may act on the beam if the allowable shear stress
is 36 MPa.
450
10 mm 10 mm mm
20
mm

200 mm

## Solution 5.10-10 Rectangular box beam

450 450 410 410
allow  36 MPa Q  (200) ¢ ≤¢ ≤  (180) ¢ ≤¢ ≤
2 4 2 4
Find Vallow
 1.280  106 mm3
VQ
t tallowIt
It Vallow 
tallowIt Q
Vallow 
Q (36 MPa) (484.9  106 mm4 )(20 mm)

1 1 1.280  106 mm3
I (200) (450) 3  (180)(410) 3  484.9  106 mm4  273 kN
12 12
t  2(10 mm)  20 mm
348 CHAPTER 5 Stresses in Beams (Basic Topics)

Problem 5.10-11 A hollow aluminum box beam has the square cross section 1.0 in.
shown in the figure. Calculate the maximum and minimum shear stresses max
and min in the webs of the beam due to a shear force V  28 k.
1.0 in.

12 in.

## Solution 5.10-11 Square box beam

t1 b2 b b21 b1 1
Q¢ ≤ ¢ ≤  ¢ ≤ ¢ ≤  (b3  b1 )  91.0 in.3
3
A A 2 4 2 4 8
t1 VQ (28,000 lb)(91.0 in.3 )
V  28 k  28,000 lb tmax    1424 psi
It (894.67 in.4 )(2.0 in.)
t1  1.0 in.
b1  1.42 ksi
b  12 in.
b b1  10 in. MINIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB
(AT LEVEL A-A)
VQ
t t  2t1  2.0 in. b t1 bt1
It Q  Ay  (bt1 ) ¢  ≤  (b  t1 )
2 2 2
MOMENT OF INERTIA b  b1 b
t1  Q  (b2  b21 )
1 4 2 8
I (b  b41 )  894.67 in.4
12 (12 in.)
Q [ (12 in.) 2  (10 in.) 2 ]  66.0 in.3
8
MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS IN THE WEB
(AT NEUTRAL AXIS) VQ (28,000 lb)(66.0 in.3 )
tmin    1033 psi
It (894.67 in.4 )(2.0 in.)
b b2
Q  A1 y1  A2 y2 A1  b ¢ ≤
2 2  1.03 ksi
b1 b21
A2  b1 ¢ ≤
2 2
1 b b 1 b1 b1
y1  ¢ ≤  y2  ¢ ≤ 
2 2 4 2 2 4

## Problem 5.10-12 The T-beam shown in the figure has cross-sectional y

dimensions as follows: b  220 mm, t  15 mm, h  300 mm, and
h1  275 mm. The beam is subjected to a shear force V  60 kN.
t
Determine the maximum shear stress max in the web of the beam. h1 h
z C
c

## Probs. 5.10-12 and 5.10-13 b

SECTION 5.10 Shear Stresses in the Webs of Beams with Flanges 349

## b  220 mm t  15 mm h  300 mm MOMENT OF INERTIA ABOUT THE z-AXIS

h1  275 mm V  60 kN 1 1
Iweb  (15)(223.2) 3  (15)(76.79  25) 3
Find max 3 3
 56.29  106 mm4
LOCATE NEUTRAL AXIS
1 25 2
(ALL DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETERS) Iflange  (220)(25) 3  (220)(25) ¢ 76.79  ≤
12 2
h  h1 h1  23.02  106 mm4
b(h  h1 ) ¢ ≤  th1¢ h  ≤
gAy 2 2
c  I  Iweb  Iflange  79.31  106 mm4
gA b(h  h1 )  th1
25 275 FIRST MOMENT OF AREA ABOVE THE z AXIS
(220)(25) ¢ ≤  (15)(275) ¢ 300  ≤
2 2 223.2
  76.79 mm Q  (15)(223.2) ¢ ≤
(220)(25)  (15)(275) 2
y  373.6  103 mm3

## 1.5 MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS

223.2
275 VQ (60 kN)(373.6  103 mm3 )
z tmax  
C It (79.31  106 mm4 )(15 mm)
76.79
25  18.8 MPa
220

Problem 5.10-13 Calculate the maximum shear stress max in the web
of the T-beam shown in the figure if b  10 in., t  0.6 in., h  8 in.,
h1  7 in., and the shear force V  5000 lb.

## Solution 5.10-13 T-beam

y y
b  10 in.
t  0.6 in.
t h  8 in. 6.317 0.6
h1 h 7
z C h1  7 in. z C
c 1.683
V  5000 lb 1.0
b Find max 10
LOCATE NEUTRAL AXIS
(ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES) 1
Iflange  (10)(1.0) 3  (10)(1.0)(1.683  0.5) 2
h  h1 h1 12
b(h  h1 ) ¢ ≤  th1¢ h  ≤
gAy 2 2  14.83 in.4
c 
gA b(h  h1 )  th1 I  Iweb  Iflange  65.31 in4.
(10)(1)(0.5)  (0.6)(7)(4.5)
  1.683 in. FIRST MOMENT OF AREA ABOVE THE z AXIS
10(1)  (0.6)(7)
6.317
MOMENT OF INERTIA ABOUT THE z-AXIS Q  (0.6)(6.317) ¢ ≤  11.97 in.3
2
1 1
Iweb  (0.6)(6.317) 3  (0.6)(1.683  1.0) 3 MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS
3 3
 50.48 in.4 VQ (5000 lb)(11.97 in.3 )
tmax    1530 psi
It (65.31 in.4 )(0.6 in.)