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OWNER: MC: Eng.

Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company

PROCESS DESCRIPTION Project No.: 2113


Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: K227 Rev. 1 Page 1 of 14

DOCUMENT TITLE:

PROCESS DESCRIPTION
PARSIAN SEPEHR COMPANY AND ALL RIGHTS ARE RESERVED. NEITHER IN WHOLE
NOR IN PART MAY BE REPRODUCED OR TRANSMITTED TO THIRD PARTY WITHOUT
THIS DOCUMENT AND THE DESIGN IT COVERS IS THE PROPERTY OF PALAYESH

(KT Doc No: K227-000-JSD-0000-02)


PRIOR WRITTEN CONSENT OF OWNER.

1 18.04.2016 OWNERS COMMENTS INCORPORATED / FOR BEP F.FIGORILLI D.SCOGNAMIGLIO G.BERTONI

0 26.11.2015 FOR BASIC APPROVAL F.FIGORILLI D.SCOGNAMIGLIO G.BERTONI

REV. DATE DESCRIPTION PREPARED CHECKED APPROVED

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 2 of 14

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Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 3 of 14

Table of Contents
1. SCOPE ............................................................................................................................................................................. 4
2. DEFINITION ................................................................................................................................................................... 4
3. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PLANT ......................................................................................................................... 5
4. ACRONYMS .................................................................................................................................................................... 6
5. REFERENCES ................................................................................................................................................................. 6
6. PROCESS OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................................................... 7
7. PROCESS DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................................................... 8
7.1. FEED INTAKE & DEHYDRATION SYSTEM ................................................................................................................. 8
7.2. C2+RECOVERY .............................................................................................................................................................. 9
7.3. REFRIGERANT SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................................. 11
7.4. HOT GAS SYSTEM ....................................................................................................................................................... 12
7.5. FLARE SYSTEM ........................................................................................................................................................... 12
7.6. HC SUMP DRUMS ......................................................................................................................................................... 13
7.7. SAFETY PROTECTIVE LAYERS ................................................................................................................................. 13

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 4 of 14

1. SCOPE

This document contains the Process Description for the Parsian C2+ Recovery Plant in Mohr (Site I)

2. DEFINITION

PROJECT: Parsian C2+ Recovery and Fractionation Project in Mohr and ASSALUYEH, Iran
OWNER: Palayesh Parsian Sepehr Company (PPSC)
Management Contractor (MC): NECO Industry Management.
EPC Contractor: Consortium of HAMPA Engineering Corporation (HAMPA) and HAMPA Energy Engineering &
Design Company (HEDCO).
Purchaser: means HAMPA
VENDOR: means any vendor/supplier who will supply equipment, materials etc., under Purchase Order for
PROJECT.
BASIC ENGINEERING Sub-Contractor (Site I Mohr Plant): KINETICS TECHNOLOGY S.p.A. (KT)

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 5 of 14

3. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PLANT

The Parsian C2+ Recovery and Fractionation Plant is designed to produce C1,C2,C3,C4 and C5+ as products with
design capacity of 74 MMSm3/d gas, feeded from two existing Parsian Gas Treating Plants (PGTP I and PGTP II),
with the relevant feed and products specifications. Feed of plant will be a mixture of PGTP I and PGTP II. The facility
includes all processing units, utilities, offsite and infrastructure necessary to produce sales gas and stabilized
condensate.

The plant is separated in two sites: Site I is C2+ Recovery and Site II is C2+ Fractionation.

Site I is located in Mohr approximately 30 Km to the west of Lamerd and 50 Km north of Assaluyeh. Site II is located
in Assaluyeh. These two sites are being connected by C2+ pipeline.

Site I and Site II consist of the following main process:

Site 1

Drying, mercury removal and regeneration system in two trains.

Demethanizers and other related equipment in each of four trains.

Sales gas compressors with gas turbines driven in four trains.

Propane refrigeration compression with gas turbine driven in two trains.

Flare system.

Site 2 (not in KT scope of work)

Propane refrigeration compression with gas turbine driven in two trains.

Deethanizer, CO2 removal, Depropanizer, Debutanizer and related equipment in one train.

Cooling tower with desalinated water as make up.

Product storage facilities.

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 6 of 14

4. ACRONYMS

BL: Battery Limits


FC: Flow Control
FFC: Feed Forward Control
FSHH: Flow Switch High High
LC: Level Control
LSHH: Level Switch High High
PSHH: Pressure Switch High High
SC: Speed Control
TC: Temperature Control
TSHH: Temperature Switch High High

5. REFERENCES

[1] Doc.: K-PR-11-PFD-001. PFD. Feed Intake, Dehydration and Mercury Removal System Train 1
[2] Doc.: K-PR-21-PFD-003. PFD. C2+Recovery Train 1
[3] Doc.: K-PR-21-PFD-004. PFD. Sales Gas Compression Train 1
[4] Doc.: K-PR-51-PFD-013. PFD. Propane Refrigerant System Train 1
[5] Doc.: K-PR-71-PFD-019. PFD. HP Flare System & HC Sump Drum Site 1
[6] Doc.: K-PR-00-RPT-001. H&M Balance

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 7 of 14

6. PROCESS OVERVIEW

The Parsian C2+Recovery plant includes the following systems:


- 2 x 50% Pre-treatment trains (Unit 11, Unit 13), including Dehydration, Regeneration Facilities and Mercury
Removal.
- 4 x 25% C2+ Recovery trains (Unit 21, Unit 22; Unit 23, Unit 24), including Demethanizer, Feed Gas Coolers and
Sales Gas Compressor driven by Gas Turbine.
- 2 x 50% Propane Refrigeration systems (Unit 51, Unit 53).
- Flare (Unit 71) and Closed Drain System (HC Sump Drums).
Each train in the Pre-Treatment system (Unit 11 and Unit 13) includes filtering, drying, mercury removal of the
feedstock, as well as the related regeneration gas system.
In the C2+ Recovery and Sales Gas Compression (Unit 21, Unit 22, Unit 23 and Unit 24) a cryogenic Recovery of C2+
is provided and consists of plate fin heat exchangers for natural gas cooling and sales gas warming up, expander-
booster unit and Demethanizer column to produce a lean Sales Gas and a liquid C2+ fraction.
Each cryogenic recovery train is associated with individual Sales Gas Compression units each consisting of Sales Gas
Compressor, gas turbine driven, to recompress the sales gas from the top of demethanizer column to the required
pipeline pressure.
The bottom product of the Demethanizer is routed to Site II (ASSALUYEH) by pump.

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 8 of 14

7. PROCESS DESCRIPTION

The following process description outlines the various process units of the C2 Recovery, defining operating conditions
and equipment selected.
Description refers to Process Flow Diagrams, in Ref.:[1][2][3][4][5]. Values refer to H&MB Design Case in Ref.:[6].

7.1. Feed Intake & Dehydration System

The purpose of the drying unit is to reduce the water content in the Natural Gas Feed to avoid ice and hydrate
formation in the cryogenic section of the plant.
There are 2 Units: Unit 11 corresponding to Train 1 and Unit 13 corresponding to Train 2.
Description refers only to Train 1, Ref.: [1] and applies for identical Train 2.
The feed gas coming from two existing Parsian Gas Treating Plant (PGTP I and PGTP II) enters in the plant with two
separate feed inlet lines. The pressure is controlled on common line by a dedicated PIC set at 84 bara, to provide stable
operation. Excess pressure is controlled via PC valve to flare in the downstream common line that receives the two
feed gas and create an homogeneous feed for each train.
Feed gas enters Driers Inlet Separator (1-D-1101), vertical type, to separate feed liquid portion containing liquid
hydrocarbons. Liquids is pumped by 1-P-1101A,B (one in operation and one spare) to the discharge of C2+Transfer
Pumps and mixed with C2+ liquids from bottom of Demethanizer for delivery.
HC Liquid Pumps 1-P-1101A,B capacity is under level control from Inlet Separator.

After a preliminary filtration in 2 x 50% Feed Inlet Filters (1-FT-1101A,B) to remove mainly dust, gas flow is
controlled to feed 4 x 25% Feed Gas Driers (1-DR-1101A-F), Molecular Sieve adsorbers type. Four driers are operated
in parallel Adsorption mode, while the remaining two are in Regeneration step.
Moisture content analyzers are provided in the Drying section to analyze the effectiveness of adsorption of the
molecular sieves.

At the outlet of the Gas Driers the gas, filtered from any solids in 2 x 50% Molecular Sieve Outlet Filters (1-FT-
1102A,B), passes through Dry Gas Heater (1-E-1102) where dry gas is heated with hot gas coming from Regeneration
Gas Fired Heater (1-H-1101).
The dry gas is heated at temperature higher than hydrocarbons dew point to avoid any reduced effectiveness, in case
of condensation, inside 2 x 50% Mercury Guard Beds (1-R-1101A,B), where the gas flows for elimination of Mercury
contamination in the feed stream. Temperature is controlled at the inlet of the Mercury Guard Beds, regulating the hot
gas flow passing through the heat exchanger.
Treated Gas Filters (1-FT-1103A,B), 2 x 50%, located at Mercury guard beds outlet, remove possible fines entrained
from the bed.

In order to regenerate the molecular sieves bed, a slip stream of the gas coming from the filters (1-FT-1103A,B) is
sent, under flow control, to the regeneration gas fired heater (1-H-1101).

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 9 of 14

First step of the heating phase is the ramp up (30 minutes). The temperature of the incoming regeneration gas is
constantly controlled to follow the required temperature profile and to avoid thermal shock.
After ramp up, the hot gas flows to dryers at about 310C (to be checked/confirmed by molecular sieves supplier) to
perform the regeneration, flowing upward through the bed and desorbing water.
The cooling phase of the hot regenerated drier is performed by cold regeneration gas.
During this phase, the dry gas flows downward through the bed to cool it down to normal adsorption phase
temperature. The regeneration gas leaving the bed is then routed to the inlet of the Regeneration Gas Fired Heater (1-
H-1101). Cooling gas heated up through the adsorber and the Regeneration Gas Fired Heater is sent to another
adsorber which is in heating step.
The loaded hot regeneration gas flowing from the driers being regenerated (about 78 bara), is cooled down to 60C in
the Regeneration Gas Air Cooler (1-E-1101) where most of the water contained in the regeneration gas is condensed
and knocked out in the Regeneration Gas K.O. Drum (1-D-1102). Hot gas return from Dry Gas Heater (1-E-1102) is
mixed upstream the Regeneration Gas Air Cooler with the hot regeneration gas from the dryers.
The regeneration gas from the top of the KO drum is recycled back to Unit 11 between FC valve and Feed Inlet Filters
(1-FT-1101A,B) through Regeneration Gas Compressor (1-C-1101). Temperature is controlled by fans cooler
regulation.
Regeneration Gas Compressor type shall be confirmed by Vendor. Operational arrangement is 1 x 100% if centrifugal
compressor type will be selected. If Vendor provides positive displacement compressor type, two compressors (2 x
100%) will be installed, one in operation and one spare.

Driers step conditions at different mode of operation will be as follows:


- Adsorption: 16h (flow down) at 83,3 bara
- Depressurizing: 15 min (flow up)
- Regeneration heating: 240 minutes (including 30 minutes ramp up) at 78,8 bara (flow up)
- Regeneration cooling: 120 minutes (including 30 minutes ramp down) at 78,8 bara (flow down).
- Pressurizing: 15 min / Standby: 90 min.
All the above figures related to the dryers regeneration are preliminary and will be defined/confirmed according to
molecular sieves supplier.

7.2. C2+Recovery

The purpose of the C2+ Recovery is to recover most of the ethane and heavier components from the natural gas feed by
means of cryogenic process.
The total amount of natural gas from Feed Intake & Dehydration Units 11 & 13 is distributed equally to four identical
parallel process units, Unit 21, Unit 22, Unit 23 and Unit 24 corresponding respectively to Trains 1, 2, 3 and 4.
The process description reflects only Train 1, Ref.: [2] and it is identical for the other trains 2, 3 and 4.

Reflux flow and liquid feed flow to the Demethanizer coming from the top of Feed HP Separator (1-D-2102) after

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 10 of 14

cooling in Feed Gas Cooler 2 (1-E-2102A-C) and reflux flow are controlled through 2 separate control valves under
feed forward control logics (FFC) both receiving an input from the flow transmitter at the inlet of the train.

The Feed Gas is first cooled down in Feed Gas Cooler 1 (1-E-2101A-C) to approx. 20.5C thus providing
Demethanizer 1-T-2101 with the required bottom heating of approx. 26C. Additional cooling will be supplied by the
warm Demethanizer side reboiler stream and also refrigerant path (see par.7.3).
Subsequently, the feed gas is further cooled down in Feed Gas Cooler 2 (1-E-2102A-C) against the cold Demethanizer
side reboiler stream and warming up of the Demethanizer overhead gas. The two phase feed gas flow is fed into Feed
HP Separator 1-D-2102 with a temperature of approx. -45C, where liquid is separated from the feed gas.

The main portion of the gas (approx.70% volumetric), leaving the HP Separator (1-D-2101), flows to the Feed Gas
Expander 1-TE-2101 where it is expanded to the Demethanizer operating pressure of approx. 32 bara, thus providing
the process with refrigeration duty.
The two phase stream from the Feed Gas Expander is fed into the middle section of the Demethanizer.
The second part of the gas leaving the HP Separator is fed to the Feed Gas Cooler 2 (1-E-2102A-C) where it is
condensed and sub cooled to a temperature of approx. -91,5C before it is expanded into the upper section of the
Demethanizer.
The liquid from the HP Separator is expanded via a level control valve into the upper section of the Demethanizer.
In the Demethanizer, operated at approx. 32 bara, the C2+ components are recovered at the bottom while the lighter
components are removed from the top of the column.
The Demethanizer operating pressure is controlled through Sales Gas Compressor Gas Turbine 1-GT-2101 speed
adjustment and recycle bypass.
The regulation of the Feed Gas Expander 1-TE-2101 and its by-pass line is controlled through adjustment of inlet guide
vanes by means of PC located at 1-TE-2101 suction line.

Heating of the Demethanizer is provided by two side reboilers which are integrated in the Feed Gas Cooler 1 and Feed
Gas Cooler 2 respectively. Bottom heating of the Demethanizer is provided by Feed Gas Cooler 1. Higher
Demethanizer pressures during special operating cases (e.g. expander down cases) and lower feed gas temperatures
than design causing reduced Demethanizer heating will be compensated by means of the Demethanizer trim reboiler 1-
E-2103 which is integrated into the bottom of the Demethanizer.
A fraction of Sales Gas coming from the discharge of 1-C-2101 is used as heating medium for Trim Reboiler (1-E-
2103). A temperature controller located in the lower section of the Demethanizer will increase the flowrate of gas in the
bundle of the Demethanizer trim reboiler.
The C2+ fraction liquid flow, leaving the bottom of the Demethanizer at temperature of approx. 25 C, is pumped by
C2+ Transfer Pumps 1-P-2101A,B to Site II under cascade flow control from the Demethanizer bottom level.

The gas leaving the top of the Demethanizer is very lean in C2+ components. This lean gas (Sales Gas), preliminary
warmed up through Feed Gas Cooler 2 and Feed Gas Cooler 1, goes to the sales gas compression system.

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 11 of 14

The purpose of Sales Gas Compression is to recompress the lean Sales Gas to the required pipeline pressure of 70 bara.
The Sales Gas from the Sales Gas Booster 1-TE-2101, which is on the same shaft of Turbo-Expander, passes through
the Sales Gas Feed/Effluent Heat Exchanger 1-E-2105 to cool down the Sales Gas to BL to the temperature of approx.
45C.
After compression in the Sales Gas Compressor 1-C-2101, the sales gas is preliminarily cooled down through the Sales
Gas Air Cooler 1-E-2104 to an intermediate temperature of 58C.
Downstream the Cooler 1-E-2104, a fraction of the gas is refluxed to the Demethanizer, while the remaining sales gas
passes through heat exchanger 1-E-2105 to final cool down to BL.
The Sales Gas Compressor is driven by Sales Gas Compressor Gas Turbine 1-GT-2101.
Antisurge control to protect the sales gas compressor is provided and implemented by Compressor Vendor in a
dedicated antisurge controller.

7.3. Refrigerant System

The purpose of the Refrigerant System is to provide additional cooling for the C2+ Recovery section.

For make-up purposes of the Refrigerant System, it is considered that refrigerant will have the following composition:
Propane: 98,32 mol%
Ethane: 1,18 mol%
Butanes and Heavier: 0,1 mol%
Water: nil
Other Components: nil.

There are two Propane Refrigerant Units:


- Unit 51, corresponding to Propane Refrigerant Train 1, which provides refrigeration to Unit 21 and Unit 22
- Unit 53, corresponding to Propane Refrigerant Train 2, which provides refrigeration to Unit 23 and Unit 24.
See Ref.: [4]
Following description refers to Unit 51 only and applies for the second identical train (Unit 53).

Liquid propane is loaded into the refrigerant system and accumulated in the Refrigerant Accumulator (1-D-5101).
To improve the efficiency of the system, the entire process is performed at two different level of pressure.
From the accumulator, liquid refrigerant at 23 bara and 60C is fed to MP Refrigerant Circulation Drums (1-D-2101
and 1-D-2201) where is expanded via level control valves down to 11 bara and approx. 30C. The purpose of
establishing a liquid level in these drums is to provide the first level of cooling in Feed Gas Coolers 1 (1-E-2101A-C
and 1-E-2201A-C) by means of natural circulation.
Vapors coming from MP Refrigerant Circulation Drums are sent to the MP Suction Drums Refr. Compressor 1-D-
5103A,B, where entrained liquid is separated from vapor. The collected liquid is fed to LP Refrigerant Circulation
Drums (1-D-2103 and 1-D-2203) where is expanded via level control valves down to 4.5 bara and approx. -2C,

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 12 of 14

establishing a liquid level in this drums and providing the second level of cooling in Feed Gas Coolers 1 (1-E-2101A-C
and 1-E-2201A-C) by means of natural circulation. Vapors coming from LP Refrigerant Circulation Drums are sent to
the LP Suction Drums Refr. Compressor (1-D-5102A,B) and then compressed in 2x50% Refr. Compressor (1-C-
5101A,B) first stage from 4.5 to 11 bara. Discharged vapors are mixed with vapors coming from MP Suction Drums
Refrigerant Compressor (1-D-5103A,B) and finally compressed in 2x50% Refr. Compressor (1-C-5101A,B) second
stage to the final pressure of 24 bara.
Pressure control of Refrigerant Compressor (1-C-5101A,B) is given by speed control of the Gas Turbine (1-GT-
5101A,B).
The refrigerant from the compressors discharge passes through the Refrigerant Condenser Air Cooler (1-E-5101) where
it is totally condensed. The liquid refrigerant is then collected into the Refrigerant Accumulator (1-D-5101) and from
there distributed to the Units 21/22 consumers.
Antisurge control to protect the Refrigerant Compressors is provided and implemented by Compressor Vendor in
dedicated antisurge controllers.

7.4. Hot Gas System

Hot gas from Regeneration Gas Fired Heater 1-H-1101 is used as heating medium in Dry Gas Heater (1-E-1102) to heat
up feed gas to mercury adsorber beds. Hot gas return from Dry Gas Heater (1-E-1102) is mixed upstream the
Regeneration Gas Air Cooler (1-E-1101) with the hot regeneration gas from the dryers (see par.7.1).
The same description can be applied to Unit 13 Hot Gas System.

7.5. Flare System

The high pressure flare system is designed to collect all combustible gases and liquids discharged in case of
emergencies, equipment malfunctions, start-up and shutdown to feed them to a controlled safe combustion point or to
reprocessing units and to prevent the escape to atmosphere.
The flare system inside process battery limits consists of a cold and a warm section, each one equipped with a dedicated
blow down drum:
Cold Blow Down Drum (1-D-7101) in which are collected all vapor and liquid releases from cold section of
the plant;
Warm Blow Down Drum (1-D-7103) in which are collected all vapor and liquid releases from warm section of
the plant.
Each blow down drum is equipped with an internal submerged electrical heater (1-EH-7101 and 1-EH-7103
respectively) that is automatically operated (under start/stop level control inside vessel) in order to stabilized the liquid
collected inside the drums vaporizing light components.
Cold and warm vapors coming from each blow down drum are directly connected to the outlet common flare header
and routed to the Flare stack 1-FL-7101, located in a safe area, in order to perform a controlled safe combustion.
The remaining stabilized liquid is manually sent to the Liquid Collection Drum (1-D-7102) and then exported to B.L.

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 13 of 14

via truck connection.

7.6. HC Sump Drums

In accordance with the number and arrangement of Fire Zone within the plant (Site 1), four HC Sump Drums have been
provided, one for each Fire Zone (number to be confirmed during EPC phase according to final plant layout):
Warm HC Sump Drum (1-D-8103) for Unit 11 Fire Zone 1;
Warm HC Sump Drum (1-D-8104) for Unit 13 Fire Zone 2;
Cold HC Sump Drum (1-D-8105) for Units 21/22/51 Fire Zone 3;
Cold HC Sump Drum (1-D-8106) for Units 23/24/53 Fire Zone 4.
Description refers only to HC Sump Drums 1-D-8103 and 1-D-8105, Ref.[5] and applies to the other two drums.

All liquid hydrocarbons coming from manual draining of vessels, heat exchangers, pumps, pipe, sampling systems,
instrument, analyzers and liquid remaining in the equipment after depressurization are collected inside HC Sump
Drums.
Each drum is directly connected to the flare header and equipped with a dedicated pump (1-P-8133 and 1-P-8135,
respectively for Warm HC Sump Drum and for Cold HC Sump Drum) that is manually started in order to dispose the
collected liquid into the relevant Blow Down Drum (Warm or Cold). There, liquid inventory is stabilized and then
manually routed to the Liquid Collection Drum (1-D-7102), for further export via truck to B.L. (see par.7.5).

7.7. Safety Protective Layers

Here below a list of the main safety trips foreseen in the design as shown in PFDs.

Unit 11; Unit 13; Ref.: [1]


Voting 2oo3 PSHH located at Feed Gas common line, closing SDV valves on Feed Gas from PGTP1 and PGTP2.

Unit 21; Unit 22; Unit 23; Unit 24; Ref.:[2] [3]
Voting 2oo3 TSHH located at Reflux line upstream Feed Gas Cooler 1, closing SDV valve on reflux line to
Demethanizer.
Voting 2oo3 LSHH located at HP separator closing SDV valve on Feed Gas Expander inlet.
Voting 2oo3 PSHH at Sales Gas Compressor outlet, tripping the gas turbine.
Voting 2oo3 TSLL located at Booster Compressor gas inlet, closing Sales Gas to Fuel Gas system.
Voting 2oo3 PSHH located at Gas Outlet from the top of Demethanizer giving the following actions:
- SDV valve closure in Feed Gas to Unit 21.
- Valve closure in Reflux to the Demethanizer.
- Valve closure in HC Liquid outlet from Feed HP Separator.
- SDV valve closure in TE by pass line.
- Trip of Turbo-Expander.

Format No: F 1233 - 0


OWNER: MC: Eng. Sub-Contractor: CONTRACTOR:
PARSIAN C2+ RECOVERY
& FRACTIONATION
PROJECT
Hampa Engineering Corporation Hampa Energy
Engineering & Design Company
TITLE: PROCESS DESCRIPTION
Project No.: 2113
Project No.: 2002 Project No.: Doc. No.: K-PR-00-DSC-001 Project No.: Rev. 1 Page 14 of 14

- Valve closure in Hot gas to Trim Reboiler.

Unit 51; Unit 53


Voting 2oo3 PSHH located at Refrigerant Compressors 1-C-5101A or 1-C-5101B outlet, tripping the compressor
1-C-5101A or 1-C-5101B.
Voting 2oo3 LSHH located at LP Suction Drums Refr. Compressor 1-D-5102A or 1-D-5102B, tripping the
compressor 1-C-5101A or 1-C-5101B.
Voting 2oo3 LSHH located at MP Suction Drums Refr. Compressor 1-D-5103A or 1-D-5103B, tripping the
compressor 1-C-5101A or 1-C-5101B.

Format No: F 1233 - 0