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2010

Secondary School Examination Papers

Secondary 4 Express

Physics

Paper 1 & 2

1

Anderson Secondary School

SA2

2

Anglican High School

SA2

3

Bukit Panjang Government High School

SA2

4

Cedar Girls Secondary School

SA2

5

Chij St. Nicholas Girls School

SA2

6

Chij St. Theresas Convent

SA2

7

Holy Innocents High School

SA2

8

Hua Yi Secondary School

SA2

9

Hwa Chong International School

SA2

10

Kuo Chua Presbyterian School

SA2

11

Methodist Girls School

SA2

12

Nan Chiau High School

SA2

13

Queeensway Secondary School

SA2

14

St. Margarets Secondary School

SA2

15

St. Patricks School

SA2

16

Temasek Secondary School

SA2

Paper 1 'l'heory

PHYSICS

Addlllonal Materials: MuKIP.I• Choice Answer Sheet

WMte

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

WMte

Do

Thefe are fOrty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there ~refour

lhis has been done for you.

possible the

Answer Sheet

. m soft pencil on the separateChoose

the Instructions on the Answer Sheet very ~refully.Read

Each c otTect answer Will score one mark. A malll Wid nQt be deducted for a wrong answe r . Any rough worl<ing should be done In this l>ookleL

Take g , ecceler11tlon due to gravity (on earth) to be 10 ms" and c, the speed of light In 81' lo be 3

• 1o' ms"unless otherwise slated.

not In your use

soft name, staples.

answers

pencil. Class

one )'OU

ANDERSON SECONDARY SCHOOL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT

PRELIMINARY

A , B conisder

paper and

TI1is document consists ofil printed pages including this cover peQo

, C and 0. correct end record your choece

clips,

Index

higlightets,

EXAMINATIONS

number glue

J

on the

or correction

Answer Sheet

.

nuld. In the sp11ces provided unless

NUMBER

!NDEX

13"' September 1 201o

L l

5058/01

hour

J

2

4

J\NDf.R$0N SECONUA t<Y SCHOOL

Ph,

An astronaut conducted a pendulum experiment on the moon. The acceleration due to

gravity of the moon is one-sixth that of the Earth. The angle of oscillations of the fixed

length pendulum is 20° and each complete oscillation takes two seconds. If the angle

A

of the oscillations is reduced to 1o•, each oscillation will lake

The diameter of a clay ball is measured using a micrometer screw gauge. Dean takes an intial zero error reading and then a reading of the diameter. The diagrams show an

It takes 36.5 s for a pendulum to swing from X to Y and back again twenty times.

is the frequency of the pendulum?What

A

A runner lakes 9 minutes to complete a 2.4 km route. Wnat is his average speed?
1

A

' P 11pu I

0.3-s

0.274 Hz

0.26 ms· 1

B

B

B

1.0 s

0.548 Hz

3.75 ms· 1

c

C

C

1.3s

PR.liLIMJNJ\KY EXMINJ\Tf0NS 2010

1.83 Hz

3.9 ms·•

ScUer

b

1'llfr J-;r,,ut Yu

D

D

2.0s

2.74 Hz

4.4 ms·

su:

J-;r,,ut Yu D D 2 . 0 s 2 . 7 4 H z 4.4 ms·
enlargment of the screw gauge readings. iero reading \/Vnat is the ball? mm A 1.42
enlargment of the screw gauge readings.
iero reading
\/Vnat
is the
ball? mm
A
1.42
mm diameter of B the 1.92
diameter reading C 1.98 mm D 2.04 mm
diameter reading
C
1.98 mm
D
2.04 mm
CANDIDATE NAME ClASS
CANDIDATE
NAME
ClASS
is the ball? mm A 1.42 mm diameter of B the 1.92 diameter reading C 1.98
is the ball? mm A 1.42 mm diameter of B the 1.92 diameter reading C 1.98

5

5

ANDSRSONSEC0N0ARYSGHOOI

l'h~1nPaper I

A

A toy car is traveling at a constant speed to the left. Balls are projected \lertically

A is skier

c

and the balls after el'

upwards from the toy, one at a time, at one-second intervals.

Neglecting air resistance, which diagram best shows a possible snapshot of tre toy car

c

2 ms- is 2 Vllhich

traveling

D ' ~~ ~ I

~ e

s

5

graph

the third

downhill.

10

shows The

10

ball has been projected?

the acceleration

Tlrnol

motion of the on skier

B

B

D

PRel.IMJNARY F.XMil"'AT!ONS 2010

hard when

Spe

snow moving

is 4 ms· from 2

Sr:ttcr : Mr SnMTt Y11

5

5

CD

,

10

and hard

10

on sott

Thnol•

snow

snow

to

;

e

:>

r1.,,.fic.r/•41~rl

ANDERSON SECOtlOARY SCH<Xll.

The density of a meta'.bar is 12 g cm.J. When a hole of volume 1.0 cm 3 is drilled into the bar, what wili be its density be?

A w ind;nlll is pushed by four external forces as shown.

IM'lat are the possible sets of forces for F and G for the windmill to be stationary?

A lift is moving downwards at a constant acceleration of 2 ms· 2 . Given that the li't has a

mass of 500 kg, what is the tension of tre cable supporting the lift?

2500 NA

e

B

12.0 g cm-3

4000 N

8N

10~

2m .
F

2m

2m

m

C

l'IU-J.IMINARY EXMiNATIONS 2010 s~""."'' ~3<l r11

5000 N

G

D

D

13.0g cm-3

6000 N

·• Speed/ 20 <)
·•
Speed/
20
<)
1 3 . 0 g c m - 3 6000 N ·• Speed/ 20 <) soft
soft snow? A s lime/a
soft snow?
A
s
lime/a
3 6000 N ·• Speed/ 20 <) soft snow? A s lime/a SetA:F= 10N, G.,.8N Set
SetA:F= 10N, G.,.8N Set B: F = 8 N, G = 10 N , Set
SetA:F= 10N, G.,.8N
Set B: F = 8 N, G = 10 N
,
Set C: F = 2 N, G = 16 N
A
A only.Set
B
c
Set Conly.
Sais A and B only.
0
-Sets A, B ar.d C.
The diagram below shows a lamina of 1Jn:for m thi<:M~ss.
Where is the centre or gravity of the lamina most likely to be located at?

1'hy

AND!:,RSON SEC0 Nl)ARY SCHOOi.

1~ A me t a l block or mass 20 kg i s pushed up a rough inclined plane as shown be l ow .

14

12

11

The total work done on the block from A to Bis 1000 J.·Vl/hat is the work done against

friction?

A ir is trapped in a narrow tube sealed al one end. \/Ihlen the atmospheric pressure is

Assume temperature is kept constant throughout, wh!JI is_the pressure of the trapped

A

air?
A

A

75 cm Hg, the length of the trapped air column is 10 cm as shown.

1,;
0

in height. What is Bryan's power if his weight is 750 N?

Bryan runs to the top of the science block in 1 minute. There are 50 steps, each 0.2 m

on
A
6

A floor

this flOO<?

of

6cm Hg

A 100 kg washing machine stands on a surface area of 6500 cm 2 • ,

A 50

A designer's

An elephant weighing 50 000 N stands on 4 legs with each foot covering 400 cm 2 of the floor.

2. SW

20 J

cm

I

0.1 cm 2 with

2 with

has a maximum loading capacity

kg lady

lhe floor.

table

wears a pair of high heel shoes. Each shoe has a contact area of 9

the weighing

~

85 cm Hg 90 cm HgB

$

B

floor.

400 J

125W

1000 N stands on 3 legs. Each leg has a contact area

·

of 5 kN m-2. Vl/hich of the following is allowed

~

c

C

PRELIMJNARY EXMINA

·

625W

500 J

·

Sc flcr : Mr

TIONS

D

D

D

En i a.tl

600J

100cm Hg

1250 W

2010

Yu

15
113

ANDERSON SGCONIJ ARY SCHOOL

Ph)'1'CI Peru I

17

18

A
B

C
D

Clara observes the Brownian motion of smoke particles in air with a microscope. She

sees moving points of light. These points of ligt)t comes from

the
A
B

A fixed mass of gas is heated while kept at constanl volume. How do the properties of

\Miich of the following can be used to measure the temperature of boiling mercury?

c

D

the trapped air reduces loss of thermal energy by

A

A

conduction and convection.C

conduction only.B

D

Expanded polystyrene is often used to make containers for storing ice-cream because

2
3

1

smoke particles only moving randomly.

molecules of the gas change?

smoke particles only vibrating.

air particles only moving random ly.

both smoke and air particles moving randomly.

conduction, convection and radiation.

3 only

radiation only.

Average Speed

mercury-In-glass thermometer alcohol-iniJlass thermometer thermocouple themlometer

IncreasesUnchanged

UnchangedIncreases

DecreasesIncreases

IncreasesIncreases

B-1only

collision

Frequency

Unchanged

Increases

Increases

with walls

of

1 and3 onlyC

PRliLIMINARY GXMlNATIONS 2010 Srltt'f', M r £.r,.c.rl J'u

1 and--2 only

distance

Unchanged

Average

apart

D

0<$Popt1

71

2C

19

~~a~~station broadcasts at 93 800 MHz. VVhat is the wavelength or the radio wave in

c A E

D

VVhich of these is correct for-the wav_es produced?

~;~v~~~-ner~torwhich makes 5 oscillations a second is used to produce waves in a

A

Spec~f1clatent

Specific

Spe<:!flc heat capacity of wat~ 4.20 J g-'K"' ·

Calculate the f1rtal mass of watert n the beaker, 1;iven the following:

A beaker

cold

ir the beaker reaches 90 oc_The process stops when the final temperature of the water

31.Sg

Frequency/Hz

water contains

latent heat

0.5

20

as shown

s 5

heat of

of fusion

200

B

vapourlsation

below

B

~f water at 5 °,e_St earn at 1 00 °C is blown into the beaker of

313m

538

Wavelength/cm

.

of ice: 336

g

12

12

12om

3 3

of water:

J 9 .,

C

PREl.IMINARY f:XMINA TIONS 201 O

C

2260 J g-

320m

231.6 g.

Speed/cm s· 1

240

60

15

6

St!llffr_· Mr Emut 1-u

D

D

2.8x10 19 m

253.8 g

Z.2

23

24
25

PhJ•:Jfcs l'apw I

ANDERSON SEC.)ONDARY SCHOOL

A painter standing at the centre of a rectangu~croom looking into a 1 m long mirror at

the opposite end of the room.

A

Given that the refractive index of glass is 1.5 and the refractive index of air is 1.0. what

the critical angle when a light ray tra_vels from glass to air?is

How much of the painted wall can he see through the 1 m long mirror?

Which of the following statements about ultrasound is/are correct?

A

2 None of the aboveA

A positively-charged sphere and an uncharged sphere Q, each mounted on an

Vv'nen the wire is removed and \hen P and Q are separated, Q 1s found to be

insulating

A

negatively-charged. What is the nature of materials P and Q?

El

c
D

Sound waves that human being cannot hear is known as ultrasound.2

3 · Ultrasound travels much faster than the sound wave that we hear.

1

22.6°

1

m

only

Ultrasound has the same frequency as the sound wave that we hear.

Conductor

Conductor

Insulator

Insulator

p

B

a 3o.o•

B

2m

2 and 3only

Conductor

Conductor

Insulator

Insulator

Q

1 ,.1onq ,,,.,;.;

c

C

C

l'RJ;.L.lMINARY b").'MJNAl10NS201<J

41 . 8°

3m

1 and 3 only

Stll'-,.

M,.

D

o 4a.s·

D

.U"'e.ti }'u

Sm

A 3.20x1o·Jm
A
3.20x1o·Jm
stand. are placed in contact Q is also connected to earth by a wire.
stand. are placed in contact Q is also connected to earth by a wire.
}'u Sm A 3.20x1o·Jm stand. are placed in contact Q is also connected to earth by

0

.,

,

Plt)diCJl,.npu I

ANDEHSON S1'C'.ONPARY ~CIJOOJ,

28

27

26

The

electricity is used to produce light.A

8

C
D

p.d. applied across it.

40 J of energy was withdrawn from a battery as ii was used for 20 s. If the e .m.f. of the

SOCA

c

battery was 2 .0 V, how much of electrical charge was withdrawn during'.that time
period?

It is not a straight line graph because

Which diagram best illustrates the electric field around a positive point charge?
A

the filament of the lamp is of uneven lhickness. the potential difference from the battery is not stable.

the resistance of the filament increases.

0.1 C

d iagram below shows how the current, I, through a filament lamp changes wit!" the

B

2 C

D

C

l'RIB.tMINA.RY EXMINATIONS lOIO

20C

St1ter : Nf, l\,.ne.it Yu

D

29

:\0

ANDERSON SECONDARY SCHOOL Pop<r IPi.y,tcs

31

A 2 m long wire with a cross-sectional area of 1 mm 2 has a resistance of 16 0. What is

the

32'2A

A household a .c. supply is connected to the circuit as shworibelow.

'Mlich of the following diagram show tt>e voltage V across the resistor?

The light bulb will flash intermittently.A

The

What happens as the temperature of the surroundings increases?

q

D

The light bulb will get dimmer.B

0

resistance of the wire if ii has a cross-sectional area of 2 mm 2 ?

4Q

The light bulb is unaffecfed.

The light bulb wlll get brighter_

diagram shows a thermistor in a circuit.

®

8,

80

t Is.

c

PRELIMINARY EXMINATIONS 201o

v

D

S~ttu: Mr Ern~st Yu

D

tis

64Q

in a circuit. ® 8 , 8 0 t Is. c PRELIMINARY EXMINA TIONS 201 o
in a circuit. ® 8 , 8 0 t Is. c PRELIMINARY EXMINA TIONS 201 o
in a circuit. ® 8 , 8 0 t Is. c PRELIMINARY EXMINA TIONS 201 o
in a circuit. ® 8 , 8 0 t Is. c PRELIMINARY EXMINA TIONS 201 o

32

X3

Plr)'$JCI Popu I

ANOnRSONSEC<>NDARYSCHOOL

\Nhen th~ term~nal~ T1 and 1:2 of the Y-lnput of a CRO are connected to po i nts X and y

o~ the g 1~en c1rcu1t respectively, display gnd.

AO

A 3-p~nplug.is

machine

If T1 is next connected to Z (T2 still a·t Y), where will the bright spot be deflected to?

A
Iii

V\otlich of the following is TRUE?

C
0

The washing machine will not function when it is switched on.

The metal case of the washing machine will become 'live'.

The 13 A fuse in the plug 1s likely to blow as soon as the socket is s witched on

The main circuit breaker will trip as soon as the appliance 1s switched on.
II

which wrongly

has a metal

BR

wired case.

as shown in the diagram.

the bright spot is deflected to P as

CS

l'RELlMlNARY EXMINATlONS 20 10

·

It is connected to a washing

O

T

shown i n

th e

34

3!)

36

ANDERSON Sl,CONDA RY SCUOO\,

Ph

Three st\eels of material are placed between magnets and iron nails as shown in the

A

at 2 kWfor6 h?

If 1k~ of electricity cost $0.20, how much does it cost to switch one spot light rated

·~m

VVhich of the following desaibe the force on the nail for each material?

A

B
c

D

carrying

Plotting compasses X and Y are placed on the right and on the left of a current

A

In which oirections will the compass needles point?

$0.60

~t~~t~

I

AttracLion

Attraction

Attraction

No Force

'\, 1ten nal

Lead

{I

B

$2.40

Attraction

Attraction

No Force

No Force

Iron

12

C

$15.00

l'l<F.LIMIN"RY EXMlNATIONS

cDj aS

CUJrent d¥tctlon

Aluminium

Attraction

Repulsion

Attraction

No Force

Sclkr: >h

0

D

$60.00

Emr 2lll0

cDj aS

C~to nl dite ehon

Trt

mc.sr/J/"r

IJ

and green wireYellow
and green wireYellow
wire respectively as shown in the diagram.
wire respectively as shown in the diagram.
Time ba•e 10~? 1~ mscm·t Y11aln 10*" 1~ vcm- 1
Time ba•e
10~?
1~
mscm·t
Y11aln
10*"
1~
vcm- 1
as shown in the diagram. Time ba•e 10~? 1~ mscm·t Y11aln 10*" 1~ vcm- 1 '\,
'\, kon nan ~ lton nail
'\, kon nan
~
lton nail

Phy.riaPap•r I

l\t'DERSON SF.CONDA II V ~CHOOL

39

36

37

.A
B

transmission cables?

C
D

Which of the following is/are done to minimise heat loss by industrial power

The
A
B

A
B

Vllhich of the following increases the turning speed of a simple d.c. motor?

C

A positive charge enters a region of magnetic field as shown below.

C
D

experience a force into the paper.D

3

2

2

Inserting a copper core 1n the coil3

~

1

2 and 3 only.

experience a downwards force.

1 only

1and3 only

1,2and3

experience an upwards force.

not be affected and continue to travel straight through.

1 and 2 only.

1 and 3 only.

1and2 only

1, 2 and3.

charge will

Step down the voltage of the wire

Use a wire with better insulation

Increase the cross-sectional area of the cable

Increasing the number of tums of the coil Increasing the input d.c. voltage

:"~lot"~ge troYeling into a

o-

13

®

®®®®®

®®®®®

®

1'1<1'.l.IMINl\RV EXMfNA'l'lONS 2010

®

®

®

Scilttr Mr Ern~s1 ru

5S

40

ANDERSON SECONl) l\KY SCHOOL

l'Jryuu P•per I

A conducting wire cuts perpendicularly through a region of magnet.ic field at a speed v

as shown.

11vt11ch of the following lncre~sesthe induced e.m.f. ?

A
B

C

D

~

'3

2

2and 3only

1and2 only

1and3 only

1,2and3

decrease the

increasing

use a pair of stronger magnets

v

gap netween the bar magnet

END OF PAPER

14

PIUil.!MlNl\HY EXMINATIONS 2010

s~11er' 1\fr P,mt!

J'11

11

®®®®®

ANSWER - andcrson

2010 Prelims Physics Paper I 505811

4
5

10

2
3

6
7
8

9

D

B

A

B

D

D

D

B

B

B

11

13

12

15

14

16

20

17

18

19

c

c

D

A

c

c

B

B

D

B

This document consisrs of JR printed pages including lhis cover page.

23

22

21

24

25

27

26

28

29

30

A

c

c

c

B

36A

c

c

D

B

34

31

32

33

40

38

37

39

35

c

c

c

c

B

A

A

B

B

D

Phy.nc.'r Poper 1

ANDERSON SECONDARY SCHOOL

PRlllMARY EXMINATIONS 2010

Seller : Mt E'J'ne.1·1 Yu

Section A all the questions in this section.Answer Mr Koay used a data-logging system to
Section A
all the questions in this section.Answer
Mr Koay used a data-logging system to record the speed of a falling
brick
Motion sensor
LJ
Data-logger
Concrete brick
CJ I
~
I
bench
ground
~
The concrete brick of mass 2 kg was released from rest under a
sensor. The data logger obtained the following data.motion
speedfms· 1
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.45
0.85
1.50
2. 10 I 2_551.70
2.95
t ime/s
7.80
7 . 85
7.90
7.eS
a . oo
a.10 s. 1~ I e.20a.o5
8.25
(a) Using the data from the t able above, plot a speed-time graph in the
grid given.
[4]
a.10 s. 1~ I e.20a.o5 8.25 (a) Using the data from the t able above, plot

000

3

Speed/mis

2 50
150
1.

300

0

50

780

--~~+-~~ of'---+---+---+---+---+----+- -- -+-~

Plty~fl'.fPa1>fr

ANDERSON SFC'ONDARY

8.20185

(b)
(c)

}

(d)

Determine the loss in potential energy of the journey in (b}.

y, x 2 .95 )( 0.35

The maximum kinetic energy of the brick is 8.70 J

The loss of potential energy is 10.3 J

Distance travelled by the brick is 0.516 m

From your graph, estimate the distance travelled by the brick

P.E. =mgh

Max velocity= 2.95 mis

From your graph, find the maximum kinetic energy of the brick

KE . = Y,mv2 =

790

SCHOOL

7 95

are ~ea decom~essor

Ou:C

00

2 x 10 x 0.516

'h x 2 x 2.96 2

to see t:-:is picture

0.516(0.490 to 0.542)

805

4

and a

810

PREL!MARY EXMINAT

815

8.70

10.32

brick

Stlf("r Mr IONS

during the

t.r1~j'I>'-

[2]

[1)

(2)

e2511mels

2010

Ph)

ANDERSON SECONDARY SC'HOOL

2

metal electric kettle, rated 230 V, 8.0 A , contains some water. It isA placed on a balance as shown in the diagram.

(e} Explain why there is a difference in the values obtained in (c} and

(a) Describe in terms of the motion of particles, how thermal energy is

(b} Calculate

(d).

conducted through the metal walls of the kettle into the water.

------- ---------

(i)

There is energy loss due to air resistance resulted in falling object Cannot accept 1ust friction.

When the kettle is heated up, the metal molecules of the kettle

walls gain energy and vibrate faster about their fixed positions,

These vibrating molecules in turn transfer energy to the water

[1] and trasnferring energy to their adjacent molecules [1).

molecules in ~nt act with the_ k_e~tt_le~w_a_lls

the power rating of the kettle,

The power rating of the kettle Is 1 840 W

p

8.0 x 230

IV

1 840

PRELIMARY EXMJNATIONS 2010 Se11er: Mr Er11es1 >'11

~[1~]

[1]

[3)

[ 1]

_

2010 Se11er: Mr Er11es1 >'11 ~[1~] [1] [3) [ 1] _ :r TimaT ~icsPo~r 1 The

:r

TimaT

~icsPo~r1

The kettle is switched on and when the water is boiling, the reading on the
The kettle is switched on and when the water is boiling, the reading on
the balance is found to decrease by 0.16 kg in 3 minutes.

ANDERSON SECONDARY SCHOOL

l'hy"''h'\P(lpc"r1

3

(c) Explain why the surface of the kettle is highly polished

K ingfishers usually hunt from a perch a few meters above the water. down at up to 100 km/h to snatch their prey, before returningswooping to the perch. The whole process is an extrordinary feat of calculation, not only must the bird work out the depth of the fish before it dives, but it also compensate for the effect of refraction in the water. In addition, these birds have special features in their eyes to cut out reflection and see their prey better.

(ii) the specific latent heat of vaporisation of water. state one

The specific latent heat of vaporization of water is 2.07 MJ/kg

will be kept warm for a longer period time [1]

Shiny surfaces are bad emitter of heat. So water in the kettle

in water

It is the ratio of speed of light in (vaccum)air and the speed of lig.!!.L

Assume

assumption made.

a
Iv

no

(1840x3x60) + 0.16
2.07

ml, heat loss to the s urrounding of kettle [1]

PREllMAAY EXMl:"<ATIONS

Slllltr: Mr &nesr

[3)

(1)

2010

Yi1

[Extract from Focus magazine, Issue 219} air Fresh water (a) Explain what is meant by
[Extract from Focus magazine, Issue 219}
air
Fresh water
(a) Explain what is meant by the refractive index of water?
[ 1)
(b) Why must the bird · work out the depth of the fish" before it
(b)
Why must the bird · work out the depth of the fish" before it dives?
[1]
The bird would not be seen at the real depth of the fish . Fish would
look nearer than it 1s.
(c)
On the diagram draw a ray to show how light from the fish travels to
the kingfisher.
[2]
(d)
Sometimes the kingfisher might not even see the fish especially
when t he fish is at a particular position. This is a phenomenon
common to light when it travels from water to air. Explain what this
[2)phenomenon
is and how it can occur.
Total internal reflection has occurred.[1)
must travel from the water to air (denser to less denseLight
medium). The angle of incidence must be greater than the critical
angle.[1]
4
The digram below shows a wave approaching a beach at a speed of
2.0 m/s and the depth of the seabed at the beach.
2.0 mis
c
A
B
(a)
The wave takes 3.0 s to travel from A to B.
(i)
What is the distance between A and B?
[1)
=
speed x timedistance
2.0 x 3
6.0
The distance between A and B is 6.0 m
(ii)
What is the wavelength of the wave?
(1]
=
Wavelength
6.0 / 2.5
2.4
The Wavelength of the wave is 2.4 m
Pl\l,ll\1ARY EXMINATIONS 2010
ANDERSONS~CONPARYSCHOOL
Phys1cJ Pnr>«r 1
~ll~r-·Mr Erm~ Yt1
'fl

Physics Poper':

ANDERSON

5

(b)
(c)

SF('ONDARV SCHOOL

The lens is now moved a certain distance away from the object. When the translucent screen is moved 40 cm away from the lens, a clear mage is formed on it.i

(a} Draw, in the box below, the image observed

to e.

A object is seen f loating on the water. State the direction (if any) in

State what happens to t he wavelength as the wave travels from B

[1 )which

'""""''"''a""·

The wavelength of the wave decreases gradually as it appraches
C.

the object will move in the next instant.

~

PRELIMARV EXMINATIONS 2010

from behind the

Sef/er: Mr /·}n<'SI Y11

[1)

[1]

/>11y.\i<:.'i Poper 1

ANDERSON SECONDARY SCHOOL

6

(b) Using a scale of 1 cm representing 20 cm for object and image draw a ray diagram in the grid below. In your diagramdistance, relevant rays. Label the focal points, image, object, andshow

spray are used to paint the metal car body panels, the result isWhen

sometimes patchy,

this problem is to use 'electrostatic spraying' as shown in theovercome

below.diagram

Explain why the droplets spread out as they leave the nozzle.(a)

and image distance from the lens. [3]object

The droplets spread because they are of the same charge

{positive). Like charges repel each other.

(Positively

Paint

droplets

00

°o 0 :o:

with

00

00°

charged)

some

nozzrle .

areas

n

p int

being

l'REUMAAY f.XMINATIONS 2010

-

missed.

Seflt>r: Mi- Erne.vi fo

One way to

[1]

Upwards (d) Determine the frequency of the wave. [2) speed 2.0 12.4 I wavelengthFrequency 0.833
Upwards
(d)
Determine the frequency of the wave.
[2)
speed
2.0 12.4 I wavelengthFrequency
0.833
The frequency of the wave is 0.833 Hz
!star performs an experiment to investigate the relationship between
ect and image distance by using means of a thin converging lens.obj
The setup is shown below.
The lens is first placed such that it is 60 cm from the object. The screen
moved to obtain a clear image that is an inverted replica of theis
object.
Focal length of lenses is 30 cm from question. Scale 1 cm rep 20 cm
Focal length of lenses is 30 cm from question. Scale 1 cm rep 20 cm
Image
Labels
ray
(c) 'From your ray diagram, determine the distance between the object
[ 1)and
the lens.
120 cm (accept 116 to 124 cm)

ANDERSON SECONDARY SCHOOL

Phy:c1c.w1'1TJJf!rZ

7

(b)

The digram below shows a DC circuit. You can assume the voltmeters

Suggest how the paint droplets become positively charged upon(c)

(b)

State one advantage of using electrostabcs in this way to pamt the

parts. (1)metal

leaving the nozzle.

1 = O since current will be negligible as resistance is almostA infinite.

V2 has high resistance so reading will be = e.m.f =5 V

through. Hence V1 =OV V2 =2 .5 Vflowing A1 and A2 =0.25AHence

V1 and V2 has almost infinite resistance hence negligible current

No current w i ll flow through V1 and Az so they will have O value

s, is opened and S2 is c losed,

The paint droplets rub against the nozzle as they leave[1] causes

from the pai nt droplets to be transferred to theelectrons

nozzle[1). Droplets has less electrons becoming positively

Less paint is neeeded. Paint more evenly spread out. Either one

9

PR!:LlMARY EXMINATIONS '.lOIO

St1uer: Mr ti-nest l'i1

[3)

[1)

ANDF.RSON

Phyt;ic.·J

8

l'~r SECONDARY

I T t-+- ~ :--m·-~· I 1 ~-,,·~1_ ~ I 1 ';I·

(c)

the sea. A receiver is used to detect the reflected waves and the

signals are shown on a cathode-ray oscilloscope or CRO.

(a)

(b)

Ultrasonic waves are emitted by a transmitter to measure the depth of

1

Total current in the circu it (A1 and A2) =5 + (1O+ 10) =0.25 A

What do the two pulses shown on the CRO represent?

~-

The depth of the sea

Time between the two pulses

If the speed of sound in seawater is 1200 mis and the time base of the CRO is set to 0.2 second per division, calculate the depth of the

Distance travelled by the wave

s, and S 2 are closed.

on V1 =V2 =5 + 2 =2.5 VReading

The bigger pulse represents tge uktrasonic signal emitted bt the

the seabed. [1 ]from

source. (1) The smaller pulse represents the signal reeflected

SCHOOL

,---r-; 1

l ! 1 I

J: j I 1- 1rr-: I I

1_L+--1~

10

T-ji

I I l t -,-

:

I ; I ,- ! , ' -_- - -

I

PRELIMARYEXMINATIONS

2 x 1200 [1 J2400m

2400 /2

2s

10 x 0.2

1200m

-- ----;;·ifl '

S•1111r: Mr Erwu

-,--,

11 ' i ' : ··'-t i~W I ! --·-• 1 I

[2)

[2]

(1 )

~

[1 }

2010

H1

- -+-1·

11

11

!

infinite internal resistance and the ammeters have neglig iblehave resistance.internal Determine the reading in all
infinite internal resistance and the ammeters have neglig iblehave
resistance.internal
Determine the reading in all voltmeters and ammeters when
(a)
s, and S2 are opened,
(2}

E!!a~---------~---------

the reading in all voltmeters and ammeters when (a) s, and S2 are opened, (2} E!!a~---------~---------

j

--!--•---,

Answer all the questions in this section. Answer only one of the two alternative questions in Question 11.

Section B

Ph~

Al'IDERSOSSECO~UARYSCHOOL /#ilJNr :!

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d) On Figure 9, draw the magnetic field lines generated by the coil.

(e) The cooker requires a voltage of 110 V. It is connected to a

A.C. is needed so that an a changing magnetic file beproduced

the resistive metallic pot (1 2 R). [1)

Current flowing in the pot will generated heat loss through

pot.(1I

In the coil.[11 This field will induce an alternating current in the

Heat produced by hysteresis losses.~ - --- ------

[1) Material is not a magnetic material.

Material with no resistance would not generate as much heat loss.

food using his pot. 1s he right? Explain. No, [1] heat produced depends on resistance in th~otc

Why

heat in must

State two ways in which heat can be generated in the pot.

thinks that since

Jenelle uses a pot made of copper as a cooking vessel as he

electricity he will save energy by decreasing the time to cook his

ratio of the transformer. (1)turn

mains of 230 V a.c. via a step-down transformer. Determine the

Must draw field through the pot

Turn ratio -

the an

pot? alternating current be used by the coil to produce

23 : 11 (23/1 1)

copper is almost a perfect conductor of

12

PREUMARY EX"llNAT!Ol'S 2010

Srll~r:Mr fJJwM )"

_

(2)

(2)

(2)

(1)

_

_

9 Read the following passage about the induction cooking stove. Cast Iron pot Figure 9
9
Read the following passage about the induction cooking stove.
Cast Iron pot
Figure 9
An induction cooker uses a type of inductten heabng for cooking. It is chiefly distinguished
from other common forms of stovetop cooking by the fad that the heat is generated
directly in the cooking vessel, as opposed to being generated in the stovetop (as in the
case of electrical coils or burning gas) and then transferred to the oooking vessel.
In an induction stovetop, a localized coil of copper wire is placed underneath the cooking
pot. An alternating electric current is made to flow through the coil, which produces an
oscillating magnetic field. This results in heat being generated in the co0k1ng vessel over
it.
The cooking vessel or pot for 1he above case must be made ol a magnetic material
(ferromagnetic) and etectricaDy conductrve Principally, the coil induces an electric current
in the pot, which produces resistive heating proportional to the square of the current and to
the electrical resistance of the vessel.
Secondly, It also creates magnetic hysteresis losses in the pot due to Its ferromagnetic
nature. The first effect dominates: hysteresis losses typically account for less than ten
percent of the total heat generated.
cooktops;Induction
are instant
faster control
and more
energy-efficient
than no
tradrtional
moreover, cookers
they allow
ol coolong
energy, which
energy electric
source other
than
gas olfers Bee.use induction heats the cooking vessel itself, the poss1bdrty of bum injury
is significantly less than with other methods only skin contact with the cooking vessel itself
(or. when high heat has been used, the stovetop for a while after the vessel has been
removed) can cause harm.
ANDERSON SEC01''DAAY SCHOOi.
PhJJic."'PCT/Xr 1
It
PRF.LIMARY EXM!NATIONS 2010
Y u~r· Afr F.rr1u1 );,

Phyr.:11.·,, J'aper SECONON<Y

ANDER.SON

1

(f) The coil draws a current of 8.0 A

There is a safety feature missing from the induction cooker to(h) reduce the risk of harm caused by current leakage. Explain what

(g) State 2 possible reasons why a transformer suffers from energy

connected to the metal chassis of the cooker.

Heat loss through resistance in the cable.

Earthing should be implemented or 3 pin plug w ith the earth cable

[any two)Heat

Heat loss through hysteresis

this safety feature is.

transformer.

of thetransformer

230 x Ip

loss though heat.

loss through Eddy(induced) current.

SCllOOL

The primary c urrent of the transformer Is 3.06 A

Ip

=

is

80%,

.063

0.8(8 x 110)

13

determine

the

PR.ELIMARY 1:.XMINATIONS

Given the efficency of the

primary

s.mer: /vfr Erm:.,1

current

(1)

2010

(2)

(2)

Y11

The figure shows a U-tube manometer connected to a gas cylinder of10

(b) The tap is opened and mercury ran out until the level in the left tube drops to the 50 cm mark. Assume that the pressure in the gas cylinder remains constant,(i)

(a) What is the pressure at point A and point B in the right and left tube

you arrived at your answer.(ii)

respectively?

Pressure at point A = Pressure at point B =

The pressure of the gas c~inder and the atmospheric J>ressure

Of the mercury in A and B remains constant. [1 J Since B drops by

Remains the sameJ1], hence the difference between the levels

10 cm, A will also drop by 10 cm to 20 cm mark.[1]

what is the new position of the level in the right tube?

Level at Left hand tube dropped by 50 - 40 =10 cm Level al Right hand tube will increase by 10 cm to 20 cm mark.

Explain

[3)how

76 + 30

76cm Hg

106 cm Hg

(2)

(2)

large volume. The atmospheric pressure is 76 cm of mercury. ~· - ~1 A -··
large volume. The atmospheric pressure is 76 cm of mercury.
-
~1
A
-·· "' .
""
.,, "' >O
$0 "'° 30

Physics /'~p~r J

ANPFRSONSECONOARYSCHOOL

11

A crane with 2 beams attached, is seen lifting a load on its side. Both

EITHER

ar to the ground. Beam B which consists of a pulley at itsperpendicul is adjusted such that it is parallel to the ground. The mass of theend

it isbeams

(b)

clockwise moment by weight of crane only:Total 100 000 x 2.5 =250 000 Nm

anti-clockwise moment by weight of the load and Beam BTotal [25000 x (10 - 2)) + (5000 x (5 - 2) =215 000 Nm

The load has a weight of 25 x 10 3 N. Ex.plain with mathematical

evidence whether the crane could support the load.

load and beam B so t he crane is able to support the load.

Hence the moments by the weight of the crane is greater than the

Ille product of a force and its perpendicular distance about

a point or pivotabout

can

be

adjusted_

Beam A

15

is

PRELtMARY EXMINi\TlONS

adjusted

such

S ttncr. Mt Ert H' 20

(1)

(1]

that

[3)

(1)

'llt Yrt

10

(c) The crane has a "wing" attachment deployed as shown in the diagram below_

On a particular windy day, the load experience an easternly gale(d) force of 50 kN as shown in the diagram below.

the purpose of this "wing" attachment. State what else canExplain be done tl> the crane (without add-on modifications to the crane) that the neccessity of using the "wing" attachement can besuch

. (3)reduced

The attachement is to provide the crane with better stability.[1J

Of the crane.[1)Adding load on to the crane at the base of the

A or adjust Beam A and B such the resultantbeam

It increases the base area of the crane as well as lowering the CG

moments by the load is reduced .[1]

3 kg. Each uniform beam has a without the 2 beams is 10 x 10crane
3 kg. Each uniform beam has a
without the 2 beams is 10 x 10crane
of 500 kg.mass
pulley
10m
Steel cable
1m
BeamB
Beam A
10m
BeamA
Sm
15 m
Frant View
Side View
The weight of the crane, W is positioned at the center of the metal
frame of the crane.
Define moment of a force_(a)
(1)
Using means of a scaled vector diagram, determine the tension in the steel cable Scale·
Using means of a scaled vector diagram, determine the tension in
the steel cable
Scale· I cm rep I 0 kN
[3]
50cmor50kN
or2SkN~
2.5 cml~
Not drawn to scale
cm or 57 kN
Tension of the cable 1s S7 kN. (accept SS kN to 59 kN)
ANDERSON SECONDARY SCll OOL
16
PRELIMARY EXM!N ATIONS 20 I 0
PhyUct PQfWr]
Stf11•r : M r limt."I./ )'11
kN) ANDERSON SECONDARY SCll OOL 16 PRELIMARY EXM!N ATIONS 20 I 0 PhyUct PQfWr] Stf11•r :
] j OR (b) Wai Ji designs a simple doorbell as shown in the diagram
]
j
OR
(b) Wai Ji designs a simple doorbell as shown in the diagram below.
When sw itch S is pressed and then released, two notes of identical
frequency 'dong-dong' are produced.
{a) The diagrams below show a simple d.c
motor. The ends of the
single loop coil ABCD are soldered to copper pieces X and Ywhich
make contact with springy metal strip P and Q A cell is connected
of theacross
P
and
Q.
Figure
10a.2
shows
an
end
view
arrangement.
~~
LJ
)s
, r·-----., ,.,
.11 '<.>-···1 l----·_J
I
how the two notes are produced.(i) [2]Explain
1 1--
When switch S is dosed, iron core magnetised attracting hammer
Figure 1Oa.2
Figure 1Oa.1
Hammer strikes bell and make first dong(1). Switch is
releasedCircuit is broken iron core loses magnetism, hammer
(i)
Show with arrows on Figure 1Oa.1 the direction of the current in
[1]the
loopABCD and label it 1.
swings to other metal plate producing second dong [1 ]
{ii) State the direction of rotation of the coil.
Anti clockwise direction from the front.
(1)
{1i)Wai Ji makes the following statement.
"T he bell will still work
source."
if the battery is replaced with an a.c.
your(iii)
Explain the working operat ion of this motor. Include
in
explanation the purpose of the comm utator.
(3)
Do you agree? Explain your answer briefly.
[2)
When current flows into the coil through the magnetic field of
No, (1] Current will alternative too quickly. Hammer will move
the magnet, forces will be prodcused such that the coil will turn.
A little not enough to strike metal plates.
[1 Jthe com m ut a tor resverse t he cu rrent m t he co il every half-
cycle[1] so that coil can turn continously in 1 direction.[1]
{iii) Suggest one way to increase the loudness of the bell.
[1]
Increase current, or increase turns around core
END OF PAPER
AND£RSONSEC0NDARVSCHOOL
17
PRELIMMV EXMINATIONS
lOIO
ANDERSON
SECOl'iDARV SCHOOL
PRUIMARV EXMINATIONS Z<llO18
.'kuu: Mr &JJt>_u
YN
Ph)-'SJ«POf1'r1
Plt)'\lt.'."'i
l'OfNT 1
S~lh:r:Air £nwst y.,

Material:Additjonel

Multiple Chotee answer sheet (OMS)

Fnday

Take g 2

your name, class. index number and subject on the separate OMS provided.Write

Answer ALL the questions on the answer sheet (OMS) in soft pencil.

Do not use staples, paper clips, h ighlighters. glue. correction fluid or correction tape.

DO NOT TURN OVER THE PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Instructions to candidates:

This Question Paper consists of 13 pmted pages including this cover page.

10 m/s 2 unless otherwise stated.

Preliminary Examination 2010

Ang lican High Sch oo l

PAPER 1 · Multiple Choice

Secondary 4

27 August 201 O

PHYSICS
5058101

Index Number :

[Turn over)

-

2 .

:;

A cyhndncal can 1s rolled along the ruler as shown 1n the diagram below. It rolls over twice before reaching the final position.

The average speed between X and Y 1n the speed-time graph shown is

What ts the radius of Ille can?

A.

A.30cm

The diagram shows a model hot-aW' baUoon. Why will the bag and the box rise in a cold

mark o:.\Jtarting position

cylinder

6.7ms·'

Answer ALL the questions on the answe< sheet (OMS) provided.

~li-tifT1TJTlr1r1r1r1r1r1r1r1r1T1•1•1~\~1~1~1

300

B.

cm

5

6.0cm

10

c.

15

0.12.0cm

20

D. 20.0ms·'

25

24.0cm

35

4-0

2

room? A. B. C. O Air pressure is smaller inside the bag than outside. The
room?
A.
B.
C.
O
Air pressure is smaller inside the bag than outside.
The candle flame blows up the bag.
The box is lighter than air.
Wasm air is less dense than cold air
Name : Class :
Name :
Class :
Signature of P11cnt I Guardian l)ate~-- --- - 1 hour
Signature of P11cnt I Guardian
l)ate~-- --- -
1 hour
speed I ms·• .'--;---- 2 -1-·--< 3 1----1~1ime Is 0 a · 133ms·' C. 150ms'
speed I ms·•
.'--;---- 2 -1-·--< 3
1----1~1ime Is
0
a · 133ms·'
C. 150ms'
finQalposition -1r-rj'l'i, ,'j'l'l'JTJ•;-., i.-,.:;;
finQalposition
-1r-rj'l'i,
,'j'l'l'JTJ•;-.,
i.-,.:;;

4

5

6.

Two Identical balls X and Y were dropped from a ~Ill bUlduig at lhe same tme_ x fell

'NhlCh ol lhe folowing speed-time graph shows the corre-::t relationships between velocity

and trne for baUs X Md Y?

The densities of metals X and Y are 7.6 glcm' and 3.0 g•cm' respectively. The metals of

A.

win be the the acceleration

surface.

INhen a honzontal force o1.4N is applied to a wooden btcck of mass 2 kg on a horlzontal

A

equal mass are melted and mixed to form an alloy.

A

What Is the density of the alloy?

a .;

D.

speed

2 m/ s 2

5 21sg1cm' 4

12Sgtcm 3

30

30 g/cm

gtcm' 3

block moves

B.

of with

3 ml s 2

the block?

a constant velocity.

t ----Y 1------·-- ! )(

1

C.

4 ml s'

If the lorce 1s increased to 10N. what

time

time

D

Sm/s 2

7.

8

A car driver stepped on the accelerator when the traffic light turned green. The graph below shows how the resuttant force on the car vanes wllh tme_

Four blocks are placed on a plank. The end of the pl ank, x. is then s l owly rals•d. If the

0

k~. l~~--

~

0

blocks do not slip on lhe plank. which block would be the first to topple
blocks do not slip on lhe plank. which block would be the first to topple over?
If au the energy.
potential what
ene<gy
of nse
an iron
ban that falls Ol from
a height
ol 100 heat
mis ca1>3crty
conllel1ed
of into9 "'°"
thennal
IS the
in temperature
the bag?
(Specific
is 590 J/kgK)
A.
0.5 K
9
1.69K
t.
273.5 K
D.
274_7 K
o ~ time
o ~
time
0 D speed
0
D
speed
from the top of the building while Y fell from haJ way up as shown
from the top of the building while Y fell from haJ way up as shown below.
x
ODO
DOD
y
ODO
aoa
o nm. Which graph shows the variation of the car's speed With trne? A 1
o
nm.
Which graph shows the variation of the car's speed With trne?
A
1
00
~
Sp-

~.>.

·,~

"i.

1~. A faulty thermometer roads 10'C and 90"C whon placed In melOng ice and steam

1:.

A.

c.
0.

Arrnnge in ascending order, the magnitudes of the reaction torces (1}. (2) and (3) at 0 .

shown.

to balance the tules horizontally, weights W , A, Band C are placed on me rules as0<der

B.

Wh.ch quanoty must be the same fortwo bodoes ,f !hey are to be"' thermal equilibrium?
"-

What Is the total we i ght of the atmosphere pressing down on a fiat horizontal roof or

When a metal Is heated, which of the following will occur?

A.

. C. I, II and Ill onlyA

A.

dimensions 4.0 m x 1.0 m 7 (Given: atmospheric pressure a 10,000 Fa).

C

lhermometer reads 40'C.

In the diagram below, 3 identical uniform metre rules are pivoted at the mid-poi~I0. In

respectively. If !his lhermometer is uniformly graduated, fond the !Ne temperature "f tt>e

II

I

1,1

The atoms can move freely The atoms have a larger amplitude of vib<atron. The average kinetic energy of the atoms Is Increased.

temperature

(1),

inte~I energy

250N

(2), (3), (1)

(1), (2). (3).

(2), (3),

I and II only

27 S'C

w T ~

(1). (3),

(2)

O

B. 32.0"C

B.

B.

II and Ill on~/

T
A

1250 N

I

(2) l

C. I aid 1:1only

C

375"C

C. 20000 N

13.

D. mass

potenl181 energy

!
B

'VI

0

!

42.0-1,;

0 l

D

40000N

T I
c

•o.

'&.

'l,

water Is found to change from 270 g to '50 g with the kilowatt-hour meter showing

d~ferenceIn lhe reading of 0.07 kWh.

The diagram below shows a gas cyti'lder wtuch contains a constant mass or gas at a

The specttic latent heat of vaporn:ation of water in kJ kg 1 .s

A thetmometer uses a p.iysical property that varies W11h temperature. Which of lhe following could not be used as lhe basis f<>" a thermometer?

An Immersion heater 1s usea to b<>il off water at 100 •c. The tota l mass or the beaker and

ti. The ga~mc1ecules coUide with the cylinder wau less often.

A.

4704

B.

3024

c. 2100

D

1680

metals joined togetherA. e length m I developed B. of a lhread by of two
metals joined togetherA.
e length
m I
developed
B.
of a lhread by
of two
mercury
C.
volume of a frxed mass of air
?>
weight of a fD<ed mass of air
The diagram shows t11e path of a ray of light as II strikes the water-to-air boundary.
air
ll\lha1" th• •P99d of light in water 7 (Given · •f"""f nf hQhl • 3 0 x 1o" mis).
A.
:93x1<fmts
B.
2.30 • x 10•
1c•m1s
C.
3.0C
m i s
D.
3.2C x 1o" mi s

,

temperature ot 30 •c. gal re-- c:ytn:ler l ----i When t he p' ston is
temperature ot 30 •c.
gal
re-- c:ytn:ler
l
----i
When t he p' ston is pulled upwards, the pressur e decreases. Why 1s this so?
A
There Intermolecular
Is a larger a ;·ea
or cylinder
contact
with les
lhe decrease.
gas
The
r0<ces
between i~ gas
molecu
C.
The gas molecules collide with each other less often.

1S.

2C'

r.

2~. When souna waves travel from one medium into another, ·Jie wavelength changes

Two plane mirrors X and Y make an angle of 60' with each other. If a light ray PQ strikes

the mirror X at Z , making an angle of incidence of 60', the angle of reflection at mirror Y is

A

A ray, XY, parallel '.o the principal axis of the lens L passes through Las shown in the

diagram below_Where w ill the other three parallel ra1s converge after passing through L?

I'.>_ Both travel fastest in solids.

c_ the attraction between the mo lecules of the med·um changes_

because

R

o_ different media have d i fferent temperatures _

'\. the fre~uencychanges.

P"

the speed changes.

~-z;;
-

B. 30"

-

'A. '

'%

~-

"'y

:eo"

' :

Q

c. 60"

p

0. goo

7

'•"·

2~. Three energies are listed ~elow_

2~. What type of image is produced at the back of the human eye?

?S.

A 200 m race is run on a straight track and the timing is taken using an electronic device

A.

as well as manually by a timekeeper at the finishing line_ The timekeeper starts the watch

as soon as he hears the sound from the pistol and stops the watch when the w inner

crosses the finishing line.

correct 11-.e as 24.0 s, whal is the time recorded by the timekeeper?

Given Iha: the speed of sound in air is 300 ms·', and the electronic device records the

(i)

(ii~the energy of yellow light from a sodium lamp

(i~ the energy of X-ray

A_

Which of the following puts these energies in order of increasing magniluc.e?

A.
B

D.

X and Y are two light metal balls suspended using nylon threads. When a positively

C.

Charged rod was placed between these two balls, ball X was attracted towards the

the energy of a 3 m wavelength radio wave

22.5 s

i, ii,iii

real , upright, same sze real, hverted, diminished virtual, upright, diminished virtual. Inverted, magnnied

B.

3.

23.3 s

I,

ii i , ii

c

C.

24.7 s

ti,iii, i

D.

D.

25.S s

iii, H, i

8

:-T- -- -r -: - -· ·-- -·--,-,-- TTTi--~ i-TTT ·- 1 I I 1
:-T-
-- -r -: - -· ·-- -·--,-,-- TTTi--~ i-TTT ·-
1
I
I
1
:
i
i
!
I
I
,
I
\
'
I
l
!
I
j
I
l
i
.
Cl'
I
!
i
J
I
!
!
!
*0-~-
i
;
!
i
f
i
I
t.:=:.:.- -.J:±.:·~.:•~~=1:-H-- :::i~-H----- -t++- --
'N.lich of t~efollowing statements correctly describes the similarities between water
waves and sound waves?
A.
Both travel at the same speed.
~-
Both
propagate
In space.
G
Both can
can be
reOected.
charged rod but the ball Y w&s repelled away from the rod_ W'lich ol lhese
charged rod but the ball Y w&s repelled away from the rod_
W'lich ol lhese is the correct conclusion about lhe charge on each ball?
BallY
A.
positive °'
only
B.
positive
neutra l
c_
D.
BallX
negative only
negative or neutral•
negative or neutral·
negative only
positive only
positive or neutral

27.

28.

29.
30.

Two wires P and Q, each of the same length and the same material, are connected in

T he diagram belOw shows t he current-voltage relationships for four different types of ohmic conductors of the same length.

A.

VI/hat fraction of the total current passes through P?

parallel to a battery. The diameter of Pis half that of 0 .

them.

4 at any one bme?through

Which of the condUClors (A, B, C or 0) will allow the least amount of cha<ges to pass

Suppo!ie 311 four conductors are connected in parallel And .Q h:.ttMy is connected across

0.20

8 .

0.25

c. 0.33

0

0.50

9

31

32.
33.

34.

Which of the following is nota form of a variable resistor?

The
but

Why can birds stand on an overtiead transmission line without being electrocuted?

A

C . Their feet are very good l(ISulators.

B'

0.

dl"ec11on Q?

at right angles to the plane of the wires.

IMlat will be the directions of forces on wires X and Y, 11 terms of d.-ectJon P and

A.
B

A relay is an electrical component

intenstyC

O

A

a c.
0.

Thel" bodies have very high res1star.ce. There is no potential difference between ther feet

The spaces between their feathers act as insulators.

in diagram

whose resistance increases W4h 11Cteasing temperature that allows current to flow 11 one direction only.

that

wtiose

opposite shows

uses

Force on

x
x

x x
x

cA

resistance

a low-current

directions.

Q

p

p. wire X

Q

x

x x

x xx

WireX

x

two wires

decreases

x

px

x

x

xx

The X wires

circun w«h

Force on p wire Y

T

x x

x

x

B'

and are

to switch

WireY

Y. Each

increasing

x x

x

a a p

x

placed

a high light

wire

x

Qx

x

x

in carries

current

a region current

paper

into

Mag n<1t: field acts

the ~lane of the

ClfCUll on or on.

ol megnetic

Of the f sam

ie ld, e which

~

magnttude

D

acts

10

er A 12oon 2.5 kO connected with a drops light· dependent resistor (LOR) and a
er
A 12oon
2.5 kO
connected
with
a drops
light·
dependent
resistor
(LOR)
and a in its 15 series resistance
v d.c.
power
supply.
When
light
shines
the
LOR,
from
t o resistor
500
n. is on
The voltage across the LOR when light i$ shining on it is
25k0
A.
2.5 v
B
SOV
C. 7.SV
0 .
125V
Two resistors X and Y have the same resistance and are connected in series to a battery
of negligible intemal resist ance. When the key K 1s opened, the power dissipated by X
alone is P.
If the key K 1s closed, what is the po
dissipated across X?
A
4P
B.
2P
C.
O.SP
D.
0.25P
by X alone is P. If the key K 1s closed, what is the po dissipated

35.

"39.

A lamp JS connected to the secondary coil Of the transformer by long leads which have a3

7

.A
"'

Diagram 1 shows the magnetJC held pattern near a car magnet and an object XY.

Diagram 2 shows the pattern that is oblafled when XY is timed around. 'Mlat 1s XY?

A.
B

C.

1:1. A rod of sort iron

a 100 n resistor carrying a constant current of 0.5 A for 4 hoursD.

C.

In which situation is 1 kWh of energy expended?

resistance of 2.5 Oas snown in tne diagram. (In the diagram, the resistance of the leads

A
A

copper rod

a 40 W lamp used fer 2\'I hours 2000 W heater used for Vi hour • 100 0 resistor with a constant potential difference of 200 V for Y. hour

a

a

magnet wtth the North pole at Y

magnet with the North pole at X

d•ag<am 1