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1 Introduction

Planning & Development Authority, Dadra and Nagar Haveli (DNH-PDA) had proposed Skywalk within
the Silvassa City. It included Skywalk from model School to Bus stand. The general arrangement plan is
given in the drawings section

During the execution of work the scope of work for sky walk is reduced by the competent authority i.e. up
to Tokarkhada junction only and staircase is shifted from pier P4 to pier P1 on both sides. the size of P4 is
1600x1600 and size of P1 is 1000x1000. Therefore you are requested to check the design and modify the
pier either by jecketing the casted pier or other design. Photograph of the P1 pier casted is attched
herewith for your reference please. Pier is casted up to 3.0m from road level and and R.C.C. wall is up to
road level.

The 3D staad analytical model was revised as per the new requirement and detailed analysis was done.
The load on the already casted P1 pier was calculated. The revisions necessary are given in the
calculations and drawings. The methodology of working is given.

2 Technical considerations

Jacketing is the most popularly used method for


strengthening of building columns. The most
common types of jackets are steel jacket, reinforced
concrete jacket, fibre reinforced polymer composite
jacket, jacket with high tension materials like carbon
fibre, glass fibre etc. The main purposes of jacketing
are:
1. To increase concrete confinement by transverse
reinforcement,
2. To increase shear strength by transverse
reinforcement,
3. To increase flexural strength by longitudinal
reinforcement
Jacketing of Columns
Jacketing of columns consists of added concrete with
longitudinal and transverse reinforcement around the
existing columns. This type of strengthening
improves the axial and shear strength of columns
while the flexural strength of column
advantage of column jacketing is that it improves the
lateral load capacity of the building in a reasonably
uniform and distributed way and hence avoiding the
concentration of stiffness
Reinforced concrete jacketing can be employed as a
repair or strengthening scheme. Damaged regions of
the existing members should be repaired prior to their
jacketing
3 Design calculations

4 Construction Methodology

The size of the jacket and the number and diameter of the steel bars used in the jacketing process
depend on the structural analysis that was made to the column.

In some cases, before this technique is carried out, we need to reduce or even eliminate temporarily the
loads applied to the column; this is done by the following steps:

1. Putting mechanical jacks between floors.


2. Putting additional props between floors.

Moreover, in some cases, where corrosion in the reinforcement steel bars was found, the following
steps should be carried out:

Remove the concrete cover.


Clean the steel bars using a wire brush or sand compressor.
Coat the steel bars with an epoxy material that would prevent corrosion.

If there was no need for the previous steps, the jacketing process could start by the following steps:

1. Adding steel connectors into the existing column in order to fasten the new stirrups of the jacket
in both the vertical and horizontal directions at spaces not more than 50cm.Those connectors
are added into the column by making holes 3-4mm larger than the diameter of the used steel
connectors and 10-15cm depth.
2. Filling the holes with an appropriate epoxy material then inserting the connectors into the holes.
3. Adding vertical steel connectors to fasten the vertical steel bars of the jacket following the same
procedure in step 1 and 2.
4. Installing the new vertical steel bars and stirrups of the jacket according to the designed
dimensions and diameters.
5. Coating the existing column with an appropriate epoxy material that would guarantee the bond
between the old and new concrete.
6. Pouring the concrete of the jacket before the epoxy material dries. The concrete used should be
of low shrinkage and consists of small aggregates, sand, cement and additional materials to
prevent shrinkage.

5 Drawings

6 Photographs
7 References

IS15988-2013
IS 456-2000