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ESD5500E Series

Speed Control Unit


1 SPECIFICATIONS 2 INTRODUCTION
The ESD5500E Series are all-electronic devices designed to control engine
PERFORMANCE
speed quickly and precisely in response to transient load changes. The ES-
Isochronous Operation 0.25% or better D5500E will control a wide variety of engines in an isochronous or droop mode
when connected to a proportional electric actuator and magnetic speed sensor.
Speed Range / Governor 1 - 7.5 KHz Continuous
The ruggedly built ESD5500E is designed to withstand the engine environment.
Speed Drift with Temperature 1% Maximum Light-Force variations are available.
Idle Adjust CW 60% of Set Speed MODELS
Idle Adjust CCW Less than 1200 Hz
PROD. NO. DESCRIPTION
Droop Range 1 - 5% regulation
ESD5500E Standard Unit
Droop Adj. Max. (K-L Jumpered) 400 Hz., 75 Hz per 1.0 A change
ESD5520E Light Force
Droop Adj. Min. (K-L Jumpered) 15 Hz., 75 Hz per 1.0 A change
Light Force / EFC Forward Acting / Enhanced Droop / Smoke
ESD5522E Limiting
Speed Trim Range 200 Hz
Remote Variable Speed Range 500 - 7.5 KHz ESD5526E For Use With T1 & T2 ATB Gas Applications / Anti Windup
Terminal Sensitivity ESD5528E For Use With T3 & T4 ATB Gas Applications / Anti Windup
J 100 Hz., 15 Hz/Volt @ 5.0 K Impedance
L 735 Hz., 60 Hz/Volt @ 65 K Impedance
N 148 Hz., 10 Hz/Volt @ 1 Meg Impedance
P 10 VDC Supply @ 20 mA Max
3 INSTALLATION & OUTLINE DIAGRAM

INPUT / OUTPUT Vertical orientation


allows fluids to drain
DC Supply 12-24 VDC Battery Systems in moist environ-
Transient and Reverse Voltage Protected ments.

Polarity Negative Ground (Case Isolated)


Avoid Extreme Heat
Power Consumption 50mA continuous plus actuator current

Speed Signal Range 1.0-50 VAC Mount in a cabinet,


engine enclosure, or
Actuator Current Range Min. 1.0 A sealed metal box.
@ 77F (25C) Max. 10 A
Speed Sensor Signal 1.0 - 120 Volts RMS

RELIABILITY

Vibration 1G @ 20-100 Hz

Testing 100% Functionally Tested

ENVIRONMENTAL

Ambient Temperature -40 to 85C (-40 to 180F)

Relative Humidity up to 95%

All Surface Finishes Fungus Proof and Corrosion Resistant

COMPLIANCE / STANDARDS

Agency CE and RoHS Requirements

PHYSICAL

Dimension See Wiring Diagram and Outline

Weight 1.2 lb. (0.544 kg)

Mounting Any position, Vertical Preferred in


Dimensions
(mm)

ESD5500E Series Speed Control Unit 10.27.15 PIB 1002 D


1 2015 Copyright All Rights Reserved
4 WIRING 6 START THE ENGINE
The speed control unit governed speed setting is factory set at approximately
engine idle speed. (1000 Hz.,
ON Speed sensor signal or 600 RPM) If the engine
GA
PICK-UP BATTERY DROOP 10V
IDLE OVERNORS
OUTPUT C1 OFF C2
ACTUATOR
- + AUX MERICA does notLEAD
start, adjustment ofSOFT
CIRCUIT the Speed potentiometer may be required.
COUPLING

C
A B C D E F G H J K L M N P ON OFF
GROUND TO CASE ORP. TO CASE
GROUND Crank the engine with DC power applied to the governor system. The actuator
will energize toSTABILITY
the maximum fuel position until the engine starts. The governor
SPEED CONTROL UNIT system should control the engine at a low idle speed. If the engine is unstable
after starting, refer to Section 8 ADJUSTING DEAD TIME
OPTIONAL ACTUATOR ACCESSORY POWER E3FOR STABILITY.
CABLE SHIELDING TO SUPPLY COMPENSATION
MODEL: ESD5500E
7 GOVERNOR SPEED SETTING
MEET CE DIRECTIVE

*
ACCESSORY INPUT E2 JUMPER
S/N : ADD JUMPER FOR 12V
GAIN
The governed speed set point is increased by
ACTUATOR
BATTERY OR ACTUATOR
CURRENTS ABOVE 5A E1 clockwise rotation of the
CW GROUND REFERENCE SPEED adjustment control. Remote speed adjustment can be obtained with
MAGNETIC MADE IN AGAWAM, MA U.S.A.
5.500 CLOSE FOR DROOP
an optional 5K Speed Trim Control.
PICK-UP
(140) SPEED TRIM
SPEED
_ CONTROL - 5K STARTING
CLOSE FOR IDLE IDLE
+ S1
FUSE FUEL RAMPING
BATTERY 15A MAX
5.000 5.750
* WIRING
SEE SPECIFIC ACTUATOR PUBLICATION FOR PROPER
(127)
OF ACTUATOR BASED ON BATTERY VOLTAGE
CAUTION
5.750(146)
(146) 5.000 SWITCH
TERMINAL DEFINITION NOTES ENGINE SPEED CONTROL
SPEED 1
(127)
COMPONENT. WHEN INSTALLING
5.000
OR SERVICING REFER TO PROFILE 1.031
A&B Actuator (+/-) #16 AWG (1.3mm sq) or larger wire (127)
PRODUCT PUBLICATION.
(26
DROOP
Wires must be twisted and/or shielded
PICK-UP
for their entire length - + DROOP
IDLE
Magnetic Speed GapACTUATOR
between speed sensor and gear
BATTERY 8 10V
ADJUSTING FOR STABILITY
AUX OUTPUT
A BGCGADCE F G Ogovernor
C1 OFF ON

H performance
J K adjustments
L M canNbe made P to increase engine stability.
C&D Pickup OVERNORS
teeth should not be smaller than 0.02 in. C2
(D is ground) (.51mm) OVERNORS
MERICA nce the engine is running at operating speed and at no load, the following
C1 LEAD
OFFCIRCUIT ON C2SOFT COUPLING

A
MERICA LEAD CIRCUIT ON OFF
SOFT COUPLING

Ccrank
ORP. ON OFF
Speed sensor voltage needs to be at
least 1V AC RMS during ORP. STABILITY
SPEED CONTROL UNIT STABILITY 0.266
DEAD TIME
#16 AWG SPEED
(1.3mmCONTROL
sq) or larger wire
UNIT E3 (6,6)
DEADCOMPENSATION
TIME
MODEL: ESD5500E
A 15 amp fuse must be installed in the
E3
E2 JUMPER
COMPENSATION
E&F Battery Power (-/+) MODEL:
Positive batteryS/N ESD5500E
lead: to protect against E2 JUMPER
GAIN E1
S/N :
reverse voltage
GAIN E1
MADE IN AGAWAM, MA U.S.A.
5.500 Battery positive (+) input is Terminal F
MADE IN AGAWAM, MA U.S.A.
5.500 (140) SPEED
G Ground Signal STARTING IDLE
(140)
OPTIONAL ACTUATOR SPEED
RAMPING STABILITY ADJUSTMENT
Add Jumper for 12V Battery orSTARTING
Actuator FUEL RAMPING
IDLE ACCESSORY POWER
H
CABLE 5.000
SHIELDING TO Currents Above 5A FUEL
PARAMETER PROCEDURE
SUPPLY
MEET CE5.000 (127)
DIRECTIVE CAUTION
(127)Speed 5K Resistive Nominal.
CAUTION See Section10 A. GAIN ACCESSORY
1. Rotate the GAIN adjustment clockwise INPUT
until
SWITCH instability
J Variable
* Table 1
ENGINE SPEED CONTROL
COMPONENT. WHEN INSTALLING
ENGINE SPEED CONTROLREFER TO
OR SERVICING
COMPONENT. PRODUCT
WHEN INSTALLING
PUBLICATION.
SPEEDdevelops.
SPEED ADDPROFILE
PROFILE
SWITCH
JUMPER FOR 12V
K&L Droop Select Active When Closed OR SERVICING REFER TO
2. Then, gradually move the adjustment counterclock-
PRODUCT PUBLICATION.
BATTERY OR ACTUATOR
DROOP
M ACTUATOR
Idle Select Close for Idle PICK-UP - + DROOP wise until stability returns.
DROOPCURRENTS ABOVE 5A
ACTUATOR
Load Sharing
PICK-UP BATTERY
/ Synchronizing, 0-10 - + DROOP IDLE
10Vadjustment one division further
3. Finally, move the
IDLE
N Accessory Input
ACTUATOR
VDC BATTERY CW AUX
10V OUTPUT
counterclockwise toGROUND REFERENCE
insure stable performance (270

A A BC DF
EGF H
GH J L
KMLIf instability
MN P adjust the next parameter.
MAGNETIC potentiometer).
AUX OUTPUT
P Accessory Power 10 Volt Output
PICK-UP
Supply BC DE J K N Ppersists, 4. CLOSE FOR DROOP

B. STABILITY 0.266
1. Follow the same adjustment procedure, steps 1 - 3,
RECOMMENDATIONS SPEED TRIM as the GAIN parameter. 0.266(6,6)
1. _ be used
Shielded cable should for all external connections to the ESD CONTROL - 5K
Normally, adjustments made atCLOSE
no load FOR(6,6)
IDLE
achieve satisfactory
control. + S1 NOTE
performance. If further performance improvements are required,
FUSE refer to Section (12) SYSTEM TROUBLESHOOTING.
2. BATTERY
One end of each shield, 15A should
including the speed sensor shield, MAX be
grounded to a single point on the ESD case. WD
WD554
5 ADJUSTMENTS
OPTIONAL WIRING
CABLE *
SEE SPECIFIC
OPTIONAL ACTUATORACTUATOR PUBLICATION FOR PROPER
BEFORE
OF ACTUATOR
SHIELDING
ACTUATOR TO ENGINE
BASED ON STARTUP
BATTERY VOLTAGE
ACCESSORY POWER
SUPPLYPOWER
ACCESSORY
CABLE
Make sure MEET CE
SHIELDING
the following DIRECTIVE
TO
adjustments are set before starting the engine. SUPPLY
MEET CE DIRECTIVE ACCESSORY INPUT
GAIN * Middle Position ACCESSORY INPUT

STABILITY
* Middle Position
ADD JUMPER FOR 12V
BATTERY
ADD JUMPER OR 12V
FOR ACTUATOR
ACTUATOR CURRENTS
BATTERY ABOVE 5A
OR ACTUATOR
ACTUATOR
SPEED TRIM CONTROL Middle Position CURRENTS ABOVE 5A
CW GROUND REFERENCE
STARTING FUEL Full CW (Maximum Fuel) GROUND REFERENCE
MAGNETIC CW
MAGNETIC
SPEED RAMPING
PICK-UP Full CCW (Fastest)
CLOSE FOR DROOP
CLOSE FOR DROOP
PICK-UP
SPEED TRIM
_ CONTROL
SPEED TRIM - 5K CLOSE FOR IDLE
+ S1 CONTROL - 5K CLOSE FOR IDLE
_ + S1 FUSE
BATTERY FUSE
15A MAX ESD5500E Series Speed Control Unit 10.27.15 PIB1002 D
BATTERY 15A MAX 2 2015 Copyright All Rights Reserved
*
SEE SPECIFIC ACTUATOR PUBLICATION FOR PROPER
WIRING OF
SEE SPECIFIC ACTUATOR
ACTUATOR BASED ON BATTERY
PUBLICATION VOLTAGE
FOR PROPER
5.750
GA
(146) OVERNORS C1 OFF ON C2
MERICA LEAD CIRCUIT SOFT COUPLING
5.000
C 1.031 OFF
ON

9 (127)
STARTING FUEL ADJUSTMENT ORP.
11 ADDITIONAL
(26) FEATURES & OPTIONAL WIRING
STABILITY
The engines exhaust smoke at start-up can be minimized
SPEEDby completing
CONTROL the
UNIT
following adjustments: IDLE SPEED SETTING DEAD TIME
E3
5.750 COMPENSATION
(146) ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURE
MODEL: ESD5500E If the IDLE speed setting was not adjusted as detailed in Section 9 Starting Fuel
E2 JUMPER
Adjustment, then place the optional external selector switch in the IDLE position.
GA 5.000 S/N :
1. OVERNORS
Place the engine in idle by C1 OFF
connecting ON
Terminals M & G.
MERICA
C2
SOFT COUPLING
1.031
The idle speed set pointGAIN
is increased by the clockwise
E1 rotation of the IDLE adjust-
(127) LEAD CIRCUIT

C (26) the engine is at idle speed, the speed control unit applies droop
ment control. When
ON OFF
2. AdjustORP.
the IDLE speed for as low a speed setting asMADE
theINapplication
AGAWAM, MA U.S.A.

allows.
5.500 to the governor system to insure stable operation.
STABILITY
SPEED CONTROL UNIT (140) SPEED
STARTING
DEAD TIME IDLE
Adjust the STARTING FUEL CCW until the engine speedE3begins to fall.
3. FUEL
COMPENSATION
RAMPING
MODEL: ESD5500E
Increase the STARTING FUEL slightly so that the idle speedE2is returned
RNORS 5.000
C1 OFF ON C2 JUMPER
S/N : to the desired level.
A C4. (127)
MERICA LEAD CIRCUIT
ON
SOFT COUPLING
OFF
GAIN CAUTION
E1
ORP. SWITCH
Stop the engine.
MADE IN AGAWAM, MA U.S.A. ENGINE SPEED CONTROL
SPEED
STABILITY
COMPONENT. WHEN INSTALLING
OR SERVICING REFER TO PROFILE
NTROL UNIT SPEED
PRODUCT PUBLICATION.
STARTING DEAD TIME
IDLE
RAMPING E3
DROOP
SD5500E FUEL
E2
PICK-UP JUMPER -
COMPENSATION
+ DROOP
IDLE
CAUTION GAIN ACTUATOR
E1
BATTERY 10VCOUPLING
LEAD CIRCUIT & SOFT
SWITCH AUX OUTPUT
A BC DE F GH J K L MN P
ENGINE SPEED CONTROL
WAM,COMPONENT.
MA U.S.A. WHEN INSTALLING SPEED Switch 1(C1) controls the Lead Circuit. The normal position is ON. Move the
PROFILE
OR SERVICING REFER TO
PRODUCT PUBLICATION. switch to the OFF position if there is fast instability in the system. Switch 2(C2)
STARTING SPEED IDLE controls a circuit designed to eliminate fast erratic governor behavior, caused by
DROOP
PICK-UP
FUEL - + RAMPING DROOP
IDLE
very soft or worn couplings in the drive train between the engine and 0.266
generator.
TOR BATTERY 10V The normal position is OFF. Move to the ON position if fast erratic (6,6)engine

C10ofDtwoEmethods
TION AUX OUTPUT behavior due to a soft coupling is experienced
TWO METHODS OF OPERATION IDLE
B One
ED CONTROL
HEN INSTALLING
NG REFER TO
F G HSPEEDJfor K
of operation
L MN P
the ESD5500E may now be selected.
SWITCH
PROFILE
UBLICATION. C1 OFF ON C2
METHOD 1
DROOP 0.266
LEAD CIRCUIT SOFT COUPLING
IDLE
- + DROOP
-UP Start the engine and accelerate directly to SPEED
IDLE the operating speed (Generator Sets, (6,6)
ON OFF

BATTERY
etc.). 5.750 ACTUATOR
OPTIONAL 10V ACCESSORY POWER
AUX OUTPUT
(146) PROCEDURE
CABLE SHIELDING TO LE

DE F GH J K L MN P
SUPPLY
MEET CE DIRECTIVE DROOP
5.000 Terminals M & G.
1. Remove the connection between(127) 1.031 SPEEDACCESSORY INPUT

2.
* 0.266
Start the engine and adjust the SPEED RAMPING for the least smoke on
WD554 (26)
ADD JUMPER FOR 12V
ACCESSORY
(6,6) POWER DROOP
acceleration from idle to rated speed. SUPPLY BATTERY OR ACTUATOR
ACTUATOR CURRENTS ABOVE 5A
3. Start the engine and adjust the SPEED RAMPING for the least smoke on INPUT
ACCESSORY ACCESSORY INPUT
acceleration from idle to rated speed. OFF GROUND REFERENCE
The CW
GA
OVERNORS C1 ON C2 ADD JUMPER FOR 12V Auxiliary Terminal N accepts input signals from load sharing units, auto
MERICA MAGNETIC LEAD CIRCUIT SOFT COUPLING
synchronizers,
BATTERY
to be OR ACTUATOR WD554and other governor systemCLOSE
accessories, GAC accessories are
C
4. If the starting time is too long, the STARTINGON FUEL
OFFmay need FOR DROOP
adjusted slightly
ORP. CW. PICK-UP CURRENTS ABOVE 5A directly connected to this terminal.
ACCESSORY POWER
CW STABILITY GROUND REFERENCE
SUPPLY
SPEED CONTROL UNIT NOTE TRIM
SPEED Terminal N is sensitive. Accessory connections must be shielded.
DEAD TIME
CONTROL - 5K CLOSE FOR IDLE
_ +
ACCESSORY
CLOSE INPUT
E3 DROOP
FOR COMPENSATION
MODEL: ESD5500E S1 When an accessory is connected to Terminal N, the speed will decrease and the
E2 JUMPER
S/N : FUSE
ADD JUMPER FOR 12V speed adjustment must be reset.
SPEEDBATTERY
TRIM GAIN
BATTERY15A
OR ACTUATOR
CONTROL - 5K CLOSE
MAX
E1
FOR5A
IDLE
CURRENTS ABOVE
MADE IN AGAWAM, MA U.S.A.
When operating in the upper end of the control unit frequency range, a jumper
FUSE
15A MAX
CW
*
SEE SPECIFIC ACTUATOR
WIRING OF ACTUATOR
STARTING
PUBLICATION
GROUND FOR PROPER wire or frequency trim control may be required between Terminals G and J. This
REFERENCE
BASED ON BATTERY VOLTAGE increases the frequency range of the speed control to over 7000 Hz.
SPEED IDLE
CLOSE FOR DROOP
RAMPING
FUEL
PUBLICATION FOR PROPER If the auto synchronizer is used alone, not in conjunction with a load sharing module,
SED ON BATTERY VOLTAGE
SPEED TRIM METHOD 2 a 3 ohm resister should be connected between Terminals N and P. This is required
CAUTION to match the voltage levels between the speed control unit and the synchronizer.
CONTROL - 5K CLOSE FOR IDLE SWITCH
Start the engine
ENGINE and maintain at an idle speed for
SPEED CONTROL a period of time prior to accel-
SPEED
COMPONENT. WHEN INSTALLING
PROFILE Accessory Supply
USE erating to the REFER
OR SERVICING operating
TO
PRODUCT PUBLICATION.
speed. This method separates the starting process so
that each may be optimized for the lowest smoke emissions.
A MAX
DROOPThe +10 volt regulated supply, Terminal P, can be utilized to provide power to
ON FOR PROPER
PICK-UP - + PROCEDUREDROOP
IDLE GAC governor system accessories. Up to 20 mA of current can be drawn from
CTUATOR
TTERY1. Replace the BATTERY
VOLTAGE 10V
connection between Terminals M & G with a toggle switch this supply. Ground reference is Terminal G.
or a normally open water jacket temperature switch. Other optical switch
AUX OUTPUT
A BC DE F GH J K L MN P
combinations can be used. CAUTION A short circuit on this terminal can damage the speed control unit.

2. Start the engine. 0.266


3. If the starting smoke is excessive, the STARTING FUEL may need to be
(6,6)
adjusted slightly CCW.
4.
If the starting time is too long, the STARTING FUEL may need to be
adjusted slightly CW. WD554
5. When the switch opens, adjust the SPEED RAMPING for the least ACCESSORY POWER
amount of smoke when accelerating from idle speed to rated speed. SUPPLY

ACCESSORY INPUT ESD5500E Series Speed Control Unit 10.27.15 PIB1002E D


3 2015 Copyright All Rights Reserved
ADD JUMPER FOR 12V
BATTERY OR ACTUATOR
WIDE RANGE REMOTE VARIABLE SPEED OPERATION POTENTIOMETER WIRING

A single remote speed adjustment potentiometer can be used to adjust the engine G J K L
speed continuously over a specific speed range.

Select the desired speed range and corresponding potentiometer value. (Refer to
TABLE 1 below) If the exact range cannot be found, select the next higher range
*
potentiometer.
CW
To maintain engine stability at the minimum speed setting, a small amount of
droop can be added using the DROOP adjustment. At the maximum speed set- * Select proper potentiometer
ting the governor performance will be near isochronous, regardless of the droop value from Table 1
adjustment setting. The ESD5000 series of controllers have the ability to expand the
NOTE
speed range by placing a jumper wire across terminals G and J.
An additional fixed resistor may be placed across the potentiom- The standard range is 7400 Hz however this is based on the operating speed
NOTE
eter to obtain the exact desired range. Connect the speed range and the number of flywheel teeth (see formula). If you application is above this
potentiometer as shown to the right using Terminals G and J. Contact GAC for frequency, or near it place the jumper and test again. This is an important step
assistance if difficulty is experienced in obtaining the desired variable speed if your engine is not able to reach rated speed but the actuator is not saturated.
governing performance.
SPEED DROOP OPERATION
TABLE 1
Droop is typically used for the paralleling of engine driven generators. When in
SPEED FREQUENCY RANGE POTENTIOMETER VALUE droop operation, the engine speed will decrease as engine load increases. The
percentage of droop is based on the actuator current change from no engine
900 Hz 1K load to full load.
2400 Hz 5K
Place the optional external selector switch in the DROOP position. DROOP is
3000 Hz 10 K increased by clockwise rotation of the DROOP adjustment control.
3500 Hz 25 K
After the droop level has been adjusted, the rated engine speed setting may
3700 Hz 50 K need to be reset. Check the engines speed and adjust that speed setting ac-
cordingly.
Conversion Formulas
(RPM x #Teeth) (HertzMAG PICKUP x 60sec) Though a wide range of droop is available with the internal control,
HertzMAG PICKUP = RPM = NOTE
60sec droop level requirements of 10% are unusual. If droop levels ex-
#Teeth
perienced are higher or lower than those required, contact GAC for assistance.

12 TROUBLESHOOTING
If the engine governing system does not function, the fault may be determined by performing the voltage tests described in Steps 1 through 4. Positive (+) and nega-
tive (-) refer to meter polarity. Should normal values be indicated during troubleshooting steps, and then the fault may be with the actuator or the wiring to the actuator.
Tests are performed with battery power on and the engine off, except where noted. See actuator publication for testing procedure on the actuator.
SYSTEM INOPERATIVE

STEP WIRES NORMAL READING PROBABLE CAUSE OF ABNORMAL READING


1. DC battery power not connected. Check for blown fuse.
Battery Supply
1 F(+) & E(-) Voltage 2. Low battery voltage
(12 or 24 VDC)
3. Wiring error
1. Gap between speed sensor and gear teeth too great. Check Gap.

1.0 VAC RMS min. 2. Improper or defective wiring to the speed sensor. Resistance between D and C should be 160 to 1200 ohms.
2 C(+) & D(-) while cranking See specific mag pickup data for resistance.

3. Defective speed sensor.


1. Short on Terminal P.
10 VDC, Internal
3 P(+) & G(-) Supply 2. Defective speed control unit.
1. SPEED parameter set too low

2. Short/open in actuator wiring


1.0 - 2.0 VDC while
4 F(+) & A(-) cranking 3. Defective speed control

4. Defective actuator, see Actuator Troubleshooting

ESD5500E Series Speed Control Unit 10.27.15 PIB1002E D


4
2015 Copyright All Rights Reserved
INSTABILITY

PROBABLE CAUSE OF
INSTABILITY SYMPTOM ABNORMAL READING
1. Make sure switch C1 is set to OFF.
The engine seems 2. Readjust the GAIN and STABILITY for optimum control.
to jitter with a 3Hz or
Fast Periodic faster irregularity of 3. Remove the E1 to E2 jumper. Readjust GAIN and Stability afterward.
speed.
4. Turn off other electrical equipment that may be causing interference.
1. Readjust the GAIN and STABILITY

2. Adjust the DEAD TIME COMPENSATION by adding a capacitor from posts E2 to E3 (negative on E2).
Start with 10 mfds. and increase until instability is eliminated.
An irregularity of
Slow Periodic speed below 3Hz. 3. Check fuel system linkage during engine operation for:
a. binding
b. high friction
c. poor linkage

1. Increasing the GAIN should reduce the instability but not totally correct it.
If this is the case, there is most likely a problem with the engine itself.
Check for:
Erratic Engine Be- a. engine mis-firings
Non-Periodic havior b. an erratic fuel system
c. load changes on the generator set voltage regulator.

2. If throttle is slightly erratic, but performance is fast, then move switch C1 to the OFF position.

UNSATISFACTORY PERFORMANCE

SYMPTOM NORMAL READING PROBABLE CAUSE OF ABNORMAL READING


1. After the actuator goes to full fuel, disconnect the speed sensor at Terminal C & D. If the actuator is still at
1. Do Not Crank. Apply full fuel-speed then the speed control unit is defective.
DC power to the gov-
ernor system. 2. If the actuator is at minimum fuel position and there exists an erroneous position signal, then check speed
sensor cable.
1. If the voltage reading is 1.0 to 1.5 VDC:
Engine Manually hold the a. SPEED adjustment is set above desired speed
Overspeeds engine at the desired b. Defective speed control unit
running speed. Mea-
sure the DC voltage 2. If voltage reading is above 1.5 VDC then check for:
2. between Terminals A(-) a. actuator binding
& F(+) on the speed b. linkage binding
control unit.
3. If the voltage reading is below 0.8 VDC:
a. Defective speed control unit
Measure the voltage 1. If the voltage is less than:
1. at the battery while a. 7V for a 12V system, or
cranking. b. 14V for a 24V system, Then: Check or replace battery.

Momentarily connect 1. Actuator or battery wiring in error


Actuator does not Terminals A and F. The
2. 2. Actuator or linkage binding
energize fully actuator should move
to the full fuel position.
3. Defective actuator
Measure frequency of 1. If above 7000 Hz then add jumper to terminal G and J.
3. magnetic speed pickup
(or calculate).
1. If voltage measurement is within 2 VDC of the battery supply voltage level, then fuel control is restricted
Measure the actuator from reaching full fuel position, possibly due to mechanical governor, carburetor spring, or linkage interfer-
Engine remains output, Terminals A & ence.
below desired 1. B, while running under
governed speed governor control. 2. SPEED parameter set too low

INSUFFICIENT MAGNETIC SPEED SIGNAL


A strong magnetic speed sensor signal will eliminate the possibility of missed or extra pulses. The speed control unit will govern well with 1.0 volts RMS speed sensor
signal. A speed sensor signal of 3 VAC or greater at governed speed is recommended. Measurement of the signal is made at Terminals C and D.

The amplitude of the speed sensor signal can be raised by reducing the gap between the speed sensor tip and the engine ring gear. The gap should not be any small-
er than 0.020 in (0.45 mm). When the engine is stopped, back the speed sensor out by 3/4 turn after touching the ring gear tooth to achieve a satisfactory air gap.

ESD5500E Series Speed Control Unit 10.27.15 PIB1002E D


5 2015 Copyright All Rights Reserved