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Solution For tutorial-II

Question 1:

To measure the diffusivity of acetone in water at 20C a diaphragm cell is used. Initially, compartment 1
of volume 50 cm3 is filled with 0.5 molar acetone in water and the compartment 2 of volume 55 cm 3 is
filled with water. The molar concentration of acetone dropped to 0.4 molar in compartment 1 after 40
hours. The cell constant is given as 0.3 cm-2. Calculate the diffusivity of acetone.

Solution 1:
v1= 50 cm3 , v2= 55 cm3

tF= 40 hours= 40*60*60 seconds= 144000 seconds


= 0.3 cm-2

at t= 0 CA1,0= 0.5 , CA2,0= 0

at t= tF CA1,F= 0.4 , CA2,F= ?

v1 x CA1,0 + v2 x CA2,0 = v1 x CA1,F + v2 x CA2,F

50 x 0.5 + 55x 0 = 50 x 0.4 + 55 x CA2,F

CA2,F= 0.091

DAB= [1/( X tF)] x ln[(CA1,0 - CA2,0 )/ (CA1,F - CA2,F )]


= 1.11 x 10-5 cm2/s = 1.11 x 10-9 m2/s

Question 2:
Hydrogen gas of concentration 4.73*10-3 kmol/m3 at 2 std atm flows through a pipe made of un-
vulcanized neoprene rubber, with ID and OD 25 and 50 mm, respectively. Considering the diffusivity of
hydrogen through the rubber as1.8*10-6 cm2/s, estimate the rate of loss of hydrogen through diffusion
per meter of pipe length.
Question 4:
Estimate the diffusivity of CCl4 vapor (A) through air (B) at 1 atm and 0C. Force constants are:
Question 3:

Diffusion of a gas A is taking place through non-diffusing B in a circular conduit. Derive the expression for the
rate of diffusion of A.

Given: Diffusion is occurring in z direction. the two radius are r1 and r2 at z=z1 and z=z2 respectively

Solution