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FOSSIL FUEL

S I M UL AT I O N ENV I RONME NT

Flownex SE determines pressure drop [ow] and heat transfer


[temperature] for the connected components of a complete
system in steady state and transient, e.g. pumps or compressors,
pipes, valves, tanks and heat exchangers.

TYPICAL USES:
ANALYSIS DESIGN TRAINING
Simulation. System sizing. System behavior examination
Performance assessment. Component sizing. Performing basic ow and
Modication assessment. Determining operating ranges. heat transfer calculations.
Fault root cause assessment. Flow, temperature, pressure, Thermohydraulic principles
power consumption, etc. and properties referencing.
Testing of control philosophy.

BRINGING NUCLEAR Flownex is developed in an


QUALITY and STANDARDS ISO 9001:2008 quality assurance system
TO SYSTEM SIMULATION and NQA1 supplier approved environment.

Engineering productivity for the design and analysis of complex


thermouid systems such as those found in large coal red power
plants is vastly improved by modeling in Flownex. In addition,
the system knowledge and understanding gained by the modeler
is invaluable in subsequent activities.
Gary de Klerk, Pr. Eng.
Chief Engineer, Plant engineer
Turbine Process Group Technology
ESKOM

www.ownex.com +27 18 297 0326/7 enquire1@ownex.com


COOLING WATER
CIRCUITS
Pipeline, valve and pump sizing.
FEEDWATER Water hammer.
Cooling tower response.
SYSTEMS Heat exchanger sizing.
Water reticulation ow balancing &
Pipeline, valve and pump sizing. energy eciency.
Cavitation, ashing and condensing detection.
Pump performance and NPSH.
Feedwater heater performance and tube leaks.
Flash tank behavior. BOILER STEAM SYSTEMS
Once-through and reheat boilers.
Temperature calculation and change rates.
Boiling stability & boiling regime examination.
STEAM TURBINE & Detection of boiling oscillations (Ledinegg,
density wave, pressure drop-type)
SUPPORTING SYSTEMS Recirculation rate and steam production.
Start-up, shutdown and load Natural circulation boiler.
following operation. Attemperation system.
Turbine trip control. Dry out prediction.
Gland steam systems. Load changes.
Lubrication systems.
Generator hydrogen and lubrication systems.
Assess cooling system and heat
exchanger performance.

Pump and pipe sizing.


ASH Plant expansion.
SLURRY Slurry settling and blockage.

NATURAL CIRCULATION CONDENSERS


Air leak detection.
BOILER Calculation of recirculation rate
and steam production. Condenser level following.
Prediction of dry out. Wet and dry condenser heat exchange.
COMBINED CYCLE PLANT
High level analysis and design of the complete Cycle eency analysis under dierent
combined thermodynamic cycle. ambient conditions.
Transient analysis of load change scenarios. Root cause analysis for fault nding.

BOILER AUXILIARY SYSTEMS


Start-up fuel oil or gas systems. Draught group/Flue gas system: Calculation of ID or PA
Flow balancing in branching networks. fan capacity margin as function of loss characteristics:
Pipe heat loss estimation. Pulverisers, air heater seal leakage, ue gas ducts,
Pump sizing and viscosity adjustment. precipitators, ow regulator vanes, ue gas desulphur-
Control philosophy testing. ization units (FGD).
Pump/pipe/injector matching.

SOME FLOWNEX
COMPONENTS FOR
POWER GENERATION USE
Flownex proved to perform well
also for simulations of start-ups (or
shutdowns), making it a valuable
tool for studying and optimizing
SOME such procedures.
FLOWNEX
LICENSE
HOLDERS: Carlo Favalli
Politecnico di Milano
MS Thesis - Eng.
HEAT RECOVERY STEAM GENERATOR &
BOILER SIMULATIONS
Steady-state design APPLICATIONS
Analysis of natural circulation boiling sections. Detection of unwanted operating
conditions involving:
Modeling and design of the heat transfer between the
Boiling oscillations.
gas and steam side of a heat exchanger.
Departure of Nucleate Boiling (DNB).
Modeling of the complete system, including super-
heaters, economizers, evaporators, pumps, turbines, etc. Evaluation of o-design
or accident scenarios.
Adaptable modeling approach accor-
ding to the required level of detail. Evaluation of temperature
Gen HP LP gradient during start-up.
Assists in proper and economical
design for the expected operational Evaluation of start-up,
conditions. shut down and load
changes.
Flow stability analysis.
TRANSIENT ANALYSIS HP steam HP steam

Flue gas stack


Flow distribution.
to turbine drum

Feedwater
Determine rates of change in
Balancing of ow in
material temperatures.
parallel paths.
Evaluate control philosophy. Hot gas

Determine plant power ramp rates.


Superheater Natural boiler Economiser
circulation

Natural circulation P

boiler section

M
Flue gas stack

HP steam HP steam
Feedwater

to turbine drum

Hot gas

GENERAL - WATER
FLOW REGIME - VERTICAL PIPE

Superheater Natural Economizer


circulation boiler

VOID FRACTION HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT TOTAL TEMPERATURE

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