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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

ABSTRACT

Thesis Title : PERCEIVED EFFECT OF SOCIAL NETWORKING IN


THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SELECTED
SECOND YEAR BACHELOR IN BUSINESS TEACHER
EDUCATION STUDENTS

Researchers : Alminar, Eden Princess V.


Apuya, Jorene P.
Raymundo, Princess Tricia May DR.
Santos, Nikki Jensyl J
Sapitan, Sophia Mae V.

Degree : Bachelor in Business Teacher Education

College and Institution : Polytechnic University of the Philippines

Year : 2017

Adviser : Dr. Caroline T. Sumande

Statement of the Problem

The purpose of the study is to determine the perceived effect of social

networking site in the academic performance of selected second year Bachelor in

Business Teacher Education students, School Year 2016-2017 of the

Polytechnic University of the Philippines. Specifically, this study aimed to answer

the following questions:

1. What is the profile of the Bachelor in Business Teacher Education students in

terms of:

1.1 Gender

1.2 Age

1.3 General Weighted Average


POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
1.4 What is the most Social Networking Sites the respondents visited

1.5 Time spent using the Social Networking Sites

1.6 Frequency of the use of Social Networking Sites

2. What are the perceived effects of social networking sites as to:

2.1 Positive Effects; and,

2.2 Negative Effects

3. Is there any significant difference on the perceived effects of social networking

sites when the respondents are group according to profile?

Research Method

The research study used descriptive method, the researchers made use of a

survey method to find out the effects of social networking sites to the academic

performance of the selected 2nd year BBTE students in PUP.

According to John Best, the descriptive method describes and interprets what

is. It is concerned with conditions of relationships that exist, practices that prevail, and

beliefs, processes that are going on, effects that are being felt or trends are

developing. It is also defined as purposive process of gathering, analyzing, classifying

and tabulating data about prevailing conditions, practices, beliefs, processes, trends

and cause and effect relationships and the making adequate and accurate

interpretation about such data or without the aid of statistical methods.

The researcher used the descriptive method because they typically look for a

clearer understanding on the effects of social networking sites in selected 2 nd year


POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
students of Bachelor in Business Teacher Education in the Polytechnic University of

the Philippines. The researcher obtained information about the effects of social

networking sites to the respondents.

Findings

The salient findings of the study are as follows:

1. Respondents profile in terms of Age.

The total number of 208 respondents in which 20 years old and above got

4.33%, those who are 18 to 19 years old got 56.73% while 16 to 17 years old got

38.94%. In the given data majority of the researchers respondents are 18 to 19

years old.

2. Respondents Profile in terms of General Weighted Average

The highest GWA acquired was 1.25 and above and has only .48%. 28

respondents have 1.26 to 2.00 GWA and is 13.46% of the total percentage of the

respondents while 2.01 to 3.00 GWA has 179 respondents and is 86.06%. It is also

had the most number of the respondents which was 179.

3. Respondents Profile in terms of Sex

Out of 208 respondents, 46.63% are Male which is 97 in the total number of

respondents. 53.37% of the percentage is Female which is 111 in total number of

the respondents.
POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
4. Social Networking Sites Frequently Used

The most used SNS by the respondents is Facebook which has 97.12%.

60.10% of the respondents are using Twitter. Youtube has 69.71% and Instagram

has 52.88%. This shows that almost all of the respondents are users of Facebook.

5. Time Spent for Social Networking

6.73% of the respondents spends less than an hour in Social Networking

Sites. 10.10% spends only 1 hour in SNS, while 21.63% spends 2 hours in SNS.

61.54% of the respondents spends their time for about 2 hours and above for Social

Networking. Majority of the respondents spends 2 hours and above for Social

Networking.

6. Frequency of Use in Social Networking

6.73% says that they only use SNS, once a week. 10.10% uses SNS twice a

week while 21.63% says that they only use SNS, thrice a week. The majority of the

respondents, 61.54%, says that they use the SNS every day.

7. Perceived Positive Effects of Social Networking Sites

Respondents were asked to rate the following Perceived Effects of SNS. The

statement Instant connection for class discussion placed rank 1 and got the highest

weighted mean of 4.03 with a verbal interpretation of Agree. It makes my

communication skills effective placed rank 2 by getting the second highest weighted

mean of 3.88 with a verbal interpretation of Agree. It affects the way I write or speak

placed rank 3 and got the third highest weighted mean of 3.83 with a verbal

interpretation of Agree. It increases my self-confidence placed rank 4 and got the


POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
fourth highest weighted mean of 3.58 with a verbal interpretation of Agree. And the

statement I spend most of my time in SMS searching our lesson placed rank 5 by

getting the weighted mean of 3.43 and got a verbal interpretation of Agree.

8. Perceived Negative Effects of Social Networking Sites

Respondents were asked to rate the following Negative Effects of SNS. The

statement I have poor eyesight placed rank 1 and got the highest weighted mean of

2.89 with a verbal interpretation of Agree. I poorly manage my time placed rank 2

and got the second highest weighted mean of 2.82 with a verbal interpretation of

Agree. I forget to make my assignments placed rank 3 by getting the third highest

weighted mean of 2.58 with a verbal interpretation of Disagree. I come to my class

late placed rank 4 and got the fourth highest weighted mean of 2.46 with a verbal

interpretation of Disagree. And the statement Im having a poor academic

performance placed rank 5 by getting the fifth highest weighted mean of 2.29 with a

verbal interpretation of Disagree.

9. Significant Difference Test on the Positive Effects of Social Networking Sites

when the Respondents are group in Terms of Profile Variables

Age got the chi-square result of 1.5687 and p-value of .356, the decision then

is Accept Ho hence there is no significant relationship with regards of the positive

effects of social networking sites. Sex got chi-square result of 2.356 and p-value of

.156, the decision then is Accept Ho hence there is no significant relationship with

regards of the positive effects of social networking sites. Last, the GWA has a chi-

square result of 3.489 and p-value of .030. The decision then is reject ho, which has
POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
the significant relationship in social networking sites.

10. Significant Difference Test on the Negative Effects of Social Networking

Sites when the Respondents are group in Terms of Profile Variables

Age got the chi-square result of 2.897 and p-value of .369, the decision then is

Accept Ho hence there is no significant relationship with regards of the positive

effects of social networking sites. Sex got chi-square result of 3.698 and p-value of

.289, the decision then is Accept Ho hence there is no significant relationship with

regards of the positive effects of social networking sites. Last, the GWA has a chi-

square result of 2.125 and p-value of .040. The decision then is reject ho, which has

the significant relationship in social networking sites.

Conclusions

Based on the findings of the study, the following conclusions were drawn:

1. On the profile of the respondents in terms of: Age, most of the BBTE 2 nd

year students belong to the age bracket of 18-19 years old. General Weighted

Average, most of the averages are in the bracket of 1.26 2.00. Sex, most of the

respondents are male. In the utilization of social networking sites of the

respondents, the researchers found out that: Majority of BBTE students uses

Facebook and the least was Instagram and they spend 2 hours and above and

everyday using the Social Networking Sites Facebook, Twitter, Youtube,

Instagram and Pinterest.


POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
2. An overall mean of 4.03 for instant connection for class discussion was

observed with verbal interpretation of agree and the least mean was 3.43 for

Time spent most of the time in SNS for searching their lesson for positive effects.

Meanwhile in negative effects, an overall mean of 2.89 having poor eyesight was

observed with verbal interpretation of agree and the least mean was 2.29 having

a poor academic performance.

3. Both in the positive and negative effects, there is no significant difference

between the perceived effects of Social Networking Site when grouped according

to the age and sex. This implies that age and sex has nothing to do with the

academic performance of the students. Meanwhile, when it comes to General

Weighted Average, there is a significant difference between GWA and the

academic performance of the students. It implies that GWA has to do with the

academic performance of the students.