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TE832 A doi10.6047/j.issn.1000-8241.2016.12.001

Structure and research focus of marine unbonded flexible pipes


YU Ronghua1, YUAN Pengbin2
1. Shanghai Hilong Petroleum Tubular Goods Research Institute; 2. Hilong Group of Companies

Abstract: The marine unbonded flexible pipe is of better flexibility and adaptability with the special structure of relative
independence and movability in each layer. It is the requisite pipeline for offshore development, especially for deep-
sea development, and it provides the important engineering application and strategic value for the development of deep-
sea resources. In this paper, the characteristics of marine unbonded flexible pipe were introduced and the main structure
of typical pipe body were described. Then, the structural characteristics and functions of carcass layer, internal pressure
sheath, pressure armor layer, anti-wear layer, tensile armor layer, intermediate layer and outer sheath were analyzed. Finally,
the design features and working principles of three newly developed pipes were emphatically discussed, i.e., integrated
production bundle, flexible pipe with anti hydrogen sulfide layer and flexible pipe with the carbon fiber tensile armor
layer. It is shown that the marine unbonded flexible pipe is more suitable for deep-sea development than conventional steel
pipes. The structure of marine unbounded flexible pipe at each layer can be designed according to the actual environmental
requirements. These three newly developed flexible pipes become the research focus of marine unbonded flexible pipe owing
to their satisfaction to the engineering demand of ultra-deepwater complex conditions. (5 Figures, 3 Tables, 17 References)
Key words: unbonded flexible pipes, deep-sea development, structure, integrated production bundle, anti hydrogen sulfide
layer, carbon fiber tensile armor layer

2016-9-18 17:34:52 http://www.cnki.net/kcms/detail/13.1093.TE.20160918.1734.006.html


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7


[1]

2
1

1
1
203.2 mm
2 m

[2]
2


50


500 m/h 1

5
2.1

88.5
3 S 2 1

4
19

H2S/
CO2Cl
5 2 S

2 140 m 138 MPa 1

6 /mm /mm /mm


280.65 3.25 50.876.2
361.00 5.00 76.2127.0
401.20 6.00 152.4203.2
551.40 7.00 203.2304.8
551.60 8.00 203.2304.8
722.00 10.00 304.8421.64

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AISl304304L
316316L
[3]

2.2

aZ bC
5.518 mm

cT dK

HDPE
XLPE 11PA-11 12PA-12
PVDF
2.3
412 mm eX
88
90 3

Z C T 2 3a 3c 2
C

2.4

Technip
Z T Wellstream
[4]
Z NKT
C
K X
[5]
3d 3e K X
PA11/6PVDFPP
[6]
2.5
2 4


Z
C
2 Z 3
/mm /mm 23
25
30
35

4.810.6 50.8~101.6
6.414.4 101.6~254.0
8.018.0 101.6~421.6 [7]
55
10.022.4 101.6~421.6 711
12.027.0 203.2~421.6

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[8]
H2SCO2 IPB
2.6 SZ
50.8304.8 mm
2006 Technip
/ 1 350 m 13 200 m
273.05 mm

3 IPB
2010
[9]
2 400 m 254 mm
IPB
2012 Papa-Terra
[10]
/ 110 km 152.4 mm
PP PVC PU IPB


2.7 3.2
H2S H2S
H2S H2S
H2S
PA11
90
MDPE HDPE 60
H2S
[11]
5.510 mm

3 CO2 H2S
H2S
3.1Integrated Production Bundle
IPB H2S [12]
Technip IPB PEZnO ZnO Fe2O3
IPB 4 PEZnO
IPB H2S H2S
H2S
Fe2O3 H2S
H2S
ZnO+H2S ZnS+H2O

H2S
H2S 5
H2S
H2S
H2S ZnO H2S
PEZnS
H2S
ZnO H2S H2S
PEZnO [13]
4 IPB H2S

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5 H2S H2S

30 139 kg

H2S H2S


H2S 0.1 MPa H2S
H2S 20 [15]
H2S
70 H2S
100 130 3 000 MPa
H2S 2 1/5 3[16]
H2S 3
H2S


/MPa /GPa / g cm3

3.3
1 400 5.0 210 7.8

850 10.0 210 7.8


2 000 m
3 000 1.8 160 1.7



[14]
H2S

15Technip
228.6 mm
265 kg 3 110 kN Do
[17]

/ 180104

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