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The Little-Known Crimean Khan Djanibek (14761477)

V.P. Gulevich
(Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine)

Research objective: To explore the origins of the Crimean Khan Djanibek Sultan, his way to power and rule in
14761477.
The author used a wide range of sources of different origin: North Russian chronicles, the Polish chronicles,
yarliks and letters of the Crimean khans as well as of the Karachi-Beys of the Crimea, coins of rulers, notes of travelers,
the Venetian and the Turkish-Tartar diplomatic correspondence.
Results and novelty: Djanibek Sultan entered the political arena only in the 1470s. Being a son of Khan Sayyid-
Ahmad II and second cousin of the Crimean Khan Mengli Giray, he had a right on the Board in the Crimea, which from
the end of the second decade of the 15th century became de facto hereditary ulus of the Chinggisids from the house of
Tuka-Timur. He did not have the strength to struggle for power and was forced to lead the life of a free nomad on the
lands subordinated to Khan Mahmud ibn Kichi Muhammad. However, the internal turmoil of 1476 in the Crimea,
caused by the struggle for power among Karachi-Beys, gave him the opportunity to become a khan. Hadjike Shirin, the
brother of the all-powerful Karachi-Bey Eminek Shirin, and Abdallah Baryn, the second most important Karachi-Bey of
the Crimea, rebelled and led Janibek Sultan to power in the fall of 1476. His reign was short and not particularly appar-
ent. Very soon he was forced to leave the Crimea and in the autumn of 1477 he moved to the Grand Duchy of Moscow.
Keywords: Crimean Khanate, Great Horde, Ottoman Empire, Venice, Khan Djanibek Sultan, Ahmad Khan,
Eminek Shirin, Hajike Shirin, Abdallah Baryn, Grand Prince of Moscow Ivan III
For citation: Gulevich V.P. The Little-Known Crimean Khan Djanibek (14761477). Zolotoordynskaya
tsivilizatsiya=Golden Horde Civilization. 2017, no. 10, pp. 315320.

About the author: Vladislav P. Gulevich MA (History), Chief Adviser, Office for Relations with the Local
Government and the Local Authorities to the Staff of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine);
gulevych_v@ukr.net