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6

: TI-126

: ..

2009
1. :


.

2. :
, , , ,
, , .

3. :

4. :
g h2 h1 R04t
,
8Vl
3 RT
,
P 8

,
(h2 - h1) ,
R0 ,
,
g ,
t ,
V , ( ,
)
l ,
< > ,
T ,
P ,
R ,
.
5. :

(h2-h1) V t
10 106
3 c 105 105 10 108
8
% %
/* /*
1 48 400 75 1.63 105 8.84 108

2 40 400 90 1.63 105 8.84 108

3 21 400 187 1.78 105 9.66 108

,
,
.

6. :

g(2 1 )R 4
=
8V

9.81 1000 48 103 3.14 0.554 1012 75


1 = = 1.6345 105
8 400 106 0.194

9.81 1000 40 103 3.14 0.554 1012 90


2 = 6
= 1.6345 105
8 400 10 0.194

9.81 1000 21 103 3.14 0.554 1012 187


3 = 6
= 1.783 105
8 400 10 0.194

_ 3 RT
=
8

_ 3 1.63 105 3.14 8.31 294


1 = 3
= 8.84 108
100540 8 29 10

_ 3 1.63 105 3.14 8.31 294


2 = 3
= 8.84 108
100540 8 29 10
_ 3 1.78 105 3.14 8.31 294
3 = 3
= 9.66 108
100540 8 29 10

7. : _

3- .

gR 4
= , = 2 1
8V

gR 4
ln = ln
8Vl

ln = ln + ln + ln + ln + ln + ln ln8 ln ln

d d dg dh d dR dt dV dl
= + + + + + 0

g h R t V l
= = + + + + + 0

5 103 5 103 1 103 5 103 0.005 103 0.01 17 106 0.1 103
1 = + + + + + 0
1000 9.81 48 103 3.14 0.55 103 75 400 0.194
= 0.0316
1 = 3.15%
1 = 0.0315 1.63 105 = 0.0513 105

5 103 5 103 1 103 5 103 0.005 103 0.01 17 106 0.1 103
2 = + + + + + 0
1000 9.81 40 103 3.14 0.55 103 90 400 0.194
= 0.0358
2 = 3.57%
2 = 0.0358 1.63 105 = 0.0582 105
5 103 5 103 1 103 5 103 0.005 103 0.01 17 106 0.1 103
3 = + + + + + 0
1000 9.81 21 103 3.14 0.55 103 187 400 0.194
= 0.0583
3 = 5.82%
3 = 0.0584 1.78 105 = 0.101 105

_ 3 RT
=
8
_ 3
ln = ln( )
8

_ 1 1 1 1 1
ln = ln3 + ln lnP + ln + lnR + lnT ln8 ln
2 2 2 2 2
_
d dP 1 d 1 dR 1 dT 1 d
_ = 0+ + + + +0
2 2 2 2

_
P 1 1 R 1 T 1
= _ = + + +
2 2 2 2
3 3
133 5 10 5 10 0.5 0.5 103
1 = 0.0513 + + + + + = 0.0633
100540 2 3.14 2 8.31 2 294 2 29 103

1 = 6.33%
_
1 = 8.84 0.0633 = 0.55 108
133 5 103 5 103 0.5 0.5 103
2 = 0.0584 + + + + + = 0.07
100540 2 3.14 2 8.31 2 294 2 29 103

2 = 7%
_
2 = 8.84 108 0.07 = 0.619 108

133 5 103 5 103 0.5 0.5 103


3 = 0.101 + + + + + = 0.114
100540 2 3.14 2 8.31 2 294 2 29 103

3
_
= 11.4%
3 = 9.66 108 0.114 = 1.10 108

8. :

1 = (1.63 0.0513) 105 ; 1 = 1,68%

_
1 = (8.84 0,55) 108 ; 1 = 4.46%

2 = (1.63 0.0582) 105 ; 2 = 5.48%

_
2 = (8,84 0.62) 108 ; 2 = 6.5%

3 = (1.78 0.101) 105 ; 3 = 4.18%

_
3 = (9,66 1,1) 108 ; 3 = 5.2%
9. :
,

. ,
:

,
5
1,72 10 .

, ,
:
h2- h1;
t; V; D.