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Road rules

Signs and signals


Speed limits
Making turns
Roundabouts
Indicating and signalling
Giving way
Road positioning
Hazardous localities
Alcohol and drugs
Heavy vehicles
Other rules and responsibilities
Rules for other road users

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Signs and signals
Signs
Traffic signs and signals are an essential part of the road traffic system.
Paying attention to traffic signs helps you move around safely and efficiently.
There are three common types of traffic signs:
regulatory signs
warning signs
guide signs and information signs.

Regulatory signs
You must obey the instructions on these signs.

Stop
Stop and give way as required by the give way rules including
if you turn at the intersection, you must give way to
pedestrians crossing the road you are entering.

Give way
Slow down, stop if necessary and give way as required by the
give way rules, including if you turn at the intersection, you must
give way to pedestrians crossing the road you are entering.

Roundabout No U-turn
Slow down or stop Do not make a U-turn
and give way to all on a length of road
vehicles on the where this sign applies.
roundabout.

Wrong way No turns


go back Do not turn right or left
This sign tells or make a U-turn at the
you that you are intersection you must
driving in the wrong only drive in the
direction on a one direction indicated
way road. by the arrow.

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No left turn Keep left
Do not turn left You must drive
at the intersection. to the left of this sign.

No right turn Two way


Do not turn right Vehicles travel in both
or make a U-turn directions on this road.
at the intersection.
A U-turn is permitted
if there is a U-turn
permitted sign.
No entry One way
Do not drive onto You must drive only in
the road beyond the direction indicated
this sign. by the arrow.

No overtaking or passing
Overtaking or passing another vehicle is not allowed
from the NO OVERTAKING OR PASSING sign to:
a distance past the sign indicated on the sign
the end of the bridge, if the sign applies
to a bridge
the end of a narrow length of road, if the sign
applies to a narrow length of road
an END NO OVERTAKING OR PASSING sign.

Trucks and buses use low gear


Trucks and buses must drive in a gear low enough
to limit their speed without relying on the primary
brake. This sign is used on steep routes.

Keep left unless overtaking


When you drive past this sign on a multi-lane road,
you must not drive in the right lane unless
overtaking, turning right, making a U-turn, avoiding
an obstacle or driving in congested traffic.

For more regulatory signs see Hazardous localities, page 96.


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You must not The (speed limit) AREA
drive faster than sign indicates the speed
the km/h speed limit within the area you
shown in the circle. are about to enter.
In poor conditions,
it is safer to drive
slower than the
speed limit see Bad
weather, page 143.

The END (speed The END (speed limit)


limit) sign indicates AREA sign indicates
that the previous you are leaving the
speed limit has area covered by the
ended and the area speed limit and
general default re-entering a general
speed limit applies. speed limit area.

Some speed limit signs show the times or days that the limit
applies, for example in school zones. In some instances school
zones have flashing lights mounted above the signs to help draw
drivers attention to the school zone. Other variable speed limit
signs have a changeable electronic display to show the current
speed limit, for example on motorways and in tunnels. These
electronic variable speed limit signs seem similar to normal speed
signs except they have illuminated white numerals surrounded by
red lights on a black background. On motorways, long bridges and
in tunnels these signs may also be combined with road control
signs to direct traffic.

Shared zone End shared zone


A shared zone You have reached the
is an area where end of a shared zone.
pedestrians have If there is no sign
total priority over all indicating a different
other traffic. Do not speed limit, the default
drive faster than the speed limit applies.
km/h speed shown Standard rules
in the circle between for giving way to
this sign and the pedestrians apply.
next END SHARED
ZONE sign.
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Warning signs
These signs warn you of hazards.

Steep descent Railway level Railway level Roundabout GIVE WAY


or steep crossing ahead crossing ahead sign ahead
downgrade flashing signal
ahead

STOP Traffic lights Side road Crossroad T-intersection


sign ahead ahead intersection intersection ahead

Divided road End divided Road narrows Merging traffic


road

Added lane One-lane Arrows indicate Traffic travels


bridge direction in each
of traffic direction

Turn Reverse turns Curve Reverse curves Winding road


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Sharp Water flows Raised area Road hump Advisory
depression in across road on road speed limit
road

School Pedestrian Pedestrian Children


crossing crossing could be on
ahead the road

Maximum Children School bus People on Pedestrians


safe speed getting on turning bicycles may may be using
in good and off buses be using the the road
conditions road

Trucks Beware of Low Low-flying Hazard


crossing or kangaroos clearance aircraft ahead ahead. Be
entering ahead prepared to
take action

Slippery road

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Hazard markers
You will see these signs on hazards on the road. They show you the direction
to take when driving past the hazard. You must obey these signs. The points
of the V-shaped bars are the direction you must drive.

Unidirectional hazard markers

Drive to the left of the hazard.

Drive to the right of the hazard.

Bidirectional hazard
Bidirectional hazardmarker
marker

Driver either side of the hazard.


Driver either side of the hazard.

Width markers
These signs are normally used in pairs. They show the width of a bridge,
stock grid crossing or a narrow section of road.

Drive to the right of the sign.

Drive to the left of the sign.

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Guide and information signs
These signs give you information about safe road use, routes, directions,
destinations and points of interest.

Form one lane


The number of marked lanes for vehicles travelling in the
same direction has been reduced to one. Form a single lane
with other drivers.

Turn left at any time with care


This sign indicates the presence of a slip lane. A slip lane
is a lane for left turning traffic that is separated from the rest
of the road by a traffic island.
Slow vehicles use left lane
You may see this sign at the beginning of a long or steep
climb where a slow-moving vehicle may delay other vehicles.
If you are driving a slow-moving vehicle, use the left lane and
leave the other lane clear for passing vehicles.

No through road
The road you are about to enter is a dead end.

Reduce speed now


The motorway you are on is ending. Slow down from
the motorway speed limit to the much slower speed limit
on the next section of road.

Services
The services shown on this sign are available on the road
ahead or on a side road, and include first aid, tourist
information, caravan parks or meals. The sign may also
show your distance from these services.

Local traffic only


The road past the sign is not intended for through traffic.
The sign may be at the entrance to a local area or at detours
where local traffic is allowed to enter the work area.

Tourist drive information


A scenic drive or route, which connects a number of
tourist attractions, goes this way. The route may be
66 identified by a particular number.
Traffic lights
Traffic lights control the flow of traffic and pedestrians to improve safety and
access to roads. You should be prepared to react if the traffic lights change.
If you disobey a red or yellow traffic light, you may receive an infringement
notice from a police officer. If you disobey a red traffic light, you may be sent
a Photographic Detection Device Offence notice in the mail see Red light
cameras, page 155.
For information about how cyclists and pedestrians should respond to traffic
lights see Rules for other road users, page 123.

Obeying traffic lights

Stop
You must not drive past the STOP line at the
red traffic light/red traffic arrow or, if there
is no STOP line, the traffic light.

Stop if it is safe to do so

You must not drive past the STOP line at the


yellow traffic light /yellow traffic arrow or,
if there is no STOP line, the traffic light.
The yellow light is the beginning of the red
light phase, NOT the end of the green light
phase. You must STOP on a yellow light,
unless it is unsafe to do so.

If it is unsafe to stop, for example if you are


very close to the light when it changes from
green to yellow, you may proceed through
the yellow light.

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Drive with caution
If you face a flashing yellow traffic light or arrow, you may drive past it.
Apply give way rules and caution to avoid a collision with other vehicles and
pedestrians.

Drive past the light Traffic lights showing


Drive past the green a white B light
traffic light or arrow, If you are driving a bus,
as long as the taxi, limousine, emergency
intersection is clear. vehicle or a bicycle, you
may drive past the white
B light.

Turning right at traffic lights


If the light is green and there are vehicles approaching from
the opposite direction, you should move forward into the
intersection past the stop line if you can do so safely. If there
is a safe gap in oncoming traffic, you may complete the turn.
If you are in the intersection and the oncoming traffic continues
until the lights turn yellow or red, you must complete the turn
on the yellow or red light.

Obeying lawful directions


Police officers and Department of Transport and Main Roads inspectors
Police officers and Department of Transport and Main Roads inspectors
may direct road users with hand signals. A direction given by a police officer
overrules a give way or stop sign, or a traffic light.
You must obey these signals and any directions given.

Stop where indicated and wait Go as directed

Stop
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Traffic controllers
A traffic controller may direct traffic at or through a worksite. You must obey
a lawful direction or signal given by a traffic controller within a designated
worksite.

Stop Go slow Go slow

Sample questions signs and signals


1. What does this sign mean? (See page 61)
A. Danger road bends sharply to the right.
B. You must not turn right.
C. Speed zone ends.
D. No sharp right-hand bends ahead.

2. When a traffic light turns from green to yellow, you must: (See page 67)
A. speed up and go through the lights before they turn red.
B. stop, even if you must stop on the intersection and then reverse back
to the stop line.
C. stop, even if you are in the intersection.
D. stop if you can do so safely before reaching the STOP line , or if no stop line, the traffic light.

3. What does this sign mean? (See page 60)


A. U-turns allowed.
B. No right turn.
C. Give way to vehicles on the roundabout.
D. Turning area for heavy vehicles aheadgive way.
4. What does this sign mean? (See page 61)
A. Vehicles travel in both directions on this road.
B. No right or left turn.
C. No parking.
D. No U-turns allowed.
5. What does this sign mean? (See page 63)
A. Crossroad intersection ahead.
B. Helicopter landing pad ahead.
C. Ambulance station ahead.
D. Hospital emergency entrance ahead.

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Speed limits
Speed limit sign
A speed limit sign has a number in a circle on it showing the
maximum speed in km/h that you may drive your vehicle on the
road in good conditions. In poor weather or hazardous conditions,
you should drive at a lower speed to suit those conditions. You
must not exceed the signposted speed limit even when overtaking.
Electronic variable speed limit signs allow the displayed speed to be reduced
to respond in real time to the road and traffic conditions, for example
congestion, crash or adverse weather. To indicate the speed limit has changed,
the lights surrounding the speed limit flash. Responding to the displayed speed
will help keep traffic flowing and minimise stop-start driving.

Learner and provisional licence holders


There are no specified reduced speed limits in Queensland for learner
or provisional licence holders. You should drive according to the speed limit
and the conditions for the road on which you are driving.

In a built-up area
The default speed limit on a road in a built-up area is 50km/h.
This means you may only drive at a maximum speed of 50km/h
in a built-up area, unless you see a speed limit sign on the road
showing a different speed limit.
Not all roads in a built-up area will have a speed limit sign on them.
In that case, you should only drive at a maximum speed of 50km/h
until you pass a speed limit sign showing a different speed limit.
A built-up area includes any area where there are buildings on land next
to a road, or street lighting, at intervals of not more than 100m for a distance
of 500m. If the road is less than 500m long, it includes the whole road.
This includes roads in residential, commercial and industrial areas.

Outside a built-up area


The default speed limit on a road outside a built-up area is 100km/h unless
otherwise signed. On a small number of higher standard roads, you may be
allowed to drive at a maximum speed limit of 110km/h, but only if a speed limit
sign on the road shows that speed limit.
Heavy vehicles over 12 tonnes GVM or buses over 5 tonnes GVM are restricted to
travelling at a maximum speed of 100km/h, regardless of any higher speed limit
that may be shown see Speed limiters, page 107.

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Specific speed zones
A length of road that has a specific speed limit applying to it is
known as a speed zone. A speed zone is always defined by a speed
limit sign at the start of the zone and another speed limit sign
showing a different speed limit at the end of the zone. If you turn
off this road into another road before you see another speed limit
sign, you should not drive any faster than the default speed limit
on the other road until you see a speed sign showing a different
speed limit. A speed limit on a length of road does not apply to
roads leading off from that road.

Variable speed zones


A variable speed zone has different speed limits applying in the
zone at different times of the day or days of the week. These
different speed limits may be shown by special speed limit signs
that may be electronically controlled.
An example of a variable speed zone is a school zone. The
maximum speed limit in a school zone may be shown either by
normal school zone signs or by special electronic signs, and is
usually 40km/h or 60km/h. This speed limit only applies on school
days between the hours shown on the sign. At any other time, the
speed limit shown on the last speed limit sign before you enter
the school zone will apply. School zone hours and speed limits may differ
between schools, so read the sign, read the time and read your speed. When
an electronic variable speed limit sign is blank you must follow the speed limit
shown on static signs.
A variable speed limit zone may also be applied on a motorway, long bridge
or in a tunnel to allow the speed to be changed if required. A variable speed
limit zone is shown through the use of electronic variable speed limit signs
and selected static signs.
See also Speed limit signs, page 62.

Warning sign with advisory speed limit


This sign tells you what the recommended speed, in good driving
conditions, should be through the curves ahead. It is placed where
extra caution is needed and where the speed of your vehicle
should be reduced temporarily.
See also Warning signs, page 63.

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Sample questions speed limits
1. What does this sign mean? (See page 70)

A. You must travel more than 60km/h.


B. You must not travel more than 60km/h.
C. You are on Highway 60.
D. The next town is 60km away.

2. Can you legally drive over the speed limit? (See page 70)

A. Yes, as long as you do not go over the speed limit by 10 km/h.


B. Yes, when you are overtaking a slower moving vehicle.
C. No.
D. Yes, when you have a good excuse.

3. Speeding is dangerous because: (See page 70)


A. the faster you drive, the more time and space you need to stop.
B. increasing speed also increases the severity of crashes.
C. driving too fast around a corner can cause you to lose control of your vehicle.
D. all of the above.

4. What is the maximum speed limit (unless otherwise signposted) in a built-up area?
(See page 70)
A. 70km/h.
B. 80km/h.
C. 50km/h.
D. 60km/h.
5. What does this sign mean? (See page 71)

A. 40km/h is the advised maximum speed to travel around the


curve ahead under good conditions.
B. Winding road for next 40km.
C. 40km/h is the legal maximum speed limit for the curve
ahead when the road is wet.
D. You can only turn left for the next 40km.

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Making turns
Turning
Before you turn you must indicate long enough to tell other road users.

Left turns
If turning left at an intersection, position your
vehicle so you are close to the far left side
STOP

of the road.
If there is a slip lane, the left turn must
be made from the slip lane.
STOP

When you turn left at an intersection from a


multi-lane road, you must approach and enter
the intersection from within the left lane unless:
there is a slip lane for left turns
there is an obstruction in the left lane
road markings allow the turn to be made
from another lane
Turning left on a multi-lane your vehicle is showing a DO NOT OVERTAKE
road with traffic arrows. TURNING VEHICLE sign.

Right turns
STOP

STOP
STOP

STOP

When turning right into a When turning right from a When turning right from
two-way road, keep left of one-way street, drive up to a one-way street, you must
the centre of the road you the intersection, keeping make the turn as indicated
enter. If the road is marked your vehicle close to the by the arrows.
with turn lines to show the right and parallel to the
path to take when turning, side of the road.
follow the turn lines.
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Turning right at unmarked intersections
When you turn right from a two-way road at an
unmarked intersection, pass to the right of the centre
of the intersection unless turn lines indicate differently.
Give way rules apply.

Tips turning
When turning:
check your road position
check the position of approaching traffic
check the road markings
check traffic signs
check the direction of traffic
obey the give way rules
give way to pedestrians crossing the road you are turning into
make sure your entry position is correct.

U-turns
You must only make a U-turn when necessary.
You can make a U-turn if:
you have a clear view of approaching traffic
you give way to all traffic and pedestrians including
traffic that is facing STOP or GIVE WAY signs
you can safely make a U-turn without obstructing
the free movement of traffic
there are no signs or road markings prohibiting a U-turn.
Do not make a U-turn at traffic lights unless there is a sign that states you can.

Turning across painted traffic islands


You may drive on or over a painted island surrounded by
one continuous line for up to 50m to enter or leave the
road or to enter a turning lane that begins immediately
after the painted island.
You must not drive on or over a painted island surrounded
by one continuous line if the island is at a merge point and
separates vehicles travelling in the same direction or if the
74 island separates parts of a road to create a slip lane.
Roundabouts
Indicate, if necessary,
as you approach and enter
the roundabout.
Drive clockwise around
the roundabout.
Follow the road arrows
This sign means This sign means that
and direction signs.
that you are you must give way Drive within marked lanes.
approaching to all vehicles on the Indicate when you are going
a roundabout. roundabout. to change lanes.
Indicate, if practical, before
exiting the roundabout.
Driving on a roundabout with marked lanes
To make a left turn at the roundabout:
1. signal left as you approach and enter
the roundabout
2. approach and enter the roundabout from the left
marked lane or line of traffic
3. give way to vehicles already on the roundabout
4. if traffic lane arrows apply to the lane, drive
in the direction of the arrows. If the arrows
indicate two or more directions, you may drive
in any of the directions
5. continue to signal left as you exit the roundabout
6. turn off your indicator after you have left the
roundabout.

To drive straight ahead at the roundabout:


1. approach and enter the roundabout from the left or
right lane or line of traffic (do not use your indicator as
you enter the roundabout when going straight ahead)
2. give way to vehicles already on the roundabout
3. if traffic lane arrows apply to the lane, drive in the
direction of the arrows. If the arrows indicate two
or more directions, you may drive in any of the
directions
4. if practical, signal left as you exit the roundabout
5. turn off your indicator after you have left the
roundabout.
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To make a right or U-turn at the roundabout:
1. signal right as you enter the roundabout and
continue to signal right while driving on the
roundabout
2. approach and enter the roundabout from the right
marked lane or line of traffic
3. give way to vehicles already on the roundabout
4. if traffic lane arrows apply to the lane, drive in the
direction of the arrows. If the arrows indicate two or
more directions, you may drive in any of the directions
5. if practical, signal left as you exit the roundabout
6. turn off your indicator after you have left the
roundabout.
1. Left turn Signal left on your approach to the
roundabout and continue to signal left as you exit
the roundabout.
2. Straight ahead or second left exit You are
not required to signal on the approach to the
roundabout, but if practical, signal left as you exit
the roundabout (this is the same for both lanes).
3. Right turn Signal right on the approach to the
roundabout and if practical, signal left as you exit
the roundabout.
4. Right turn Signal right on the approach to the
roundabout and if practical, signal left as you exit
the roundabout.

Lane changes are permitted on roundabouts as long


as they are conducted legally and safely.
1
Cyclists may travel on a roundabout in either lane to
2 exit more than halfway around but when in the left
lane must give way to vehicles exiting the roundabout.
Only use the left lane to leave the roundabout
halfway around or earlier, unless traffic lane arrows
1
2 indicate otherwise. In this diagram, the path taken
by vehicle 1 is illegal.

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Giving way at roundabouts
At a roundabout you must give way to vehicles
already on the roundabout.
In this situation, vehicle 2 must give way to
1 vehicle 1, because vehicle 1 is already on
the roundabout.

Tips roundabouts
Keep a special lookout for motorcycle riders and cyclists as they can be hard to see.
Also watch out for large trucks as they may need more space to complete their manoeuvre.

Indicating and signalling


You must signal your intention to:
stop or slow down use brake lights or a hand signal
turn right, move right or make a U-turn use indicators or hand signal
turn left or move left use indicators only (there is no left hand signal).
You must give the change of direction signal for long enough to give sufficient
warning to other drivers and pedestrians. Turn off your indicator after you have
completed the manoeuvre. You must signal for at least five seconds when
moving off from a parked position.
If the continuing road at a T-intersection bends to the left or right, you must
indicate if you are turning off the continuing road and going straight ahead.

Vehicle must indicate right if the Vehicle must indicate left if the
continuing road curves to the left. continuing road curves to the right.

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Hand signals
There are two official hand signals.

About to stop or slow down. About to turn, move right


or make a U-turn.

Using hand signals is the only time when part of your body may protrude
outside the vehicle. Do not use hand signals to tell drivers behind to overtake
this can be dangerous.

Using your horn


You may only use the horn of your vehicle to warn other road users of your
approach or the position of your vehicle.

Sample questions turns, roundabouts


and signalling
1. You are driving your vehicle towards a multi-lane roundabout. You want to travel straight
through the roundabout to the road opposite. What lane must you take? (See page 75)
A. You must enter and leave the roundabout in the left lane.
B. You may enter and leave the roundabout in either lane.
C. You must enter and leave the roundabout in the right lane.
D. You must move to the left lane before the roundabout,
then leave by the right lane.

2. You can do a U-turn at an intersection with traffic lights: (See page 74)
A. between 9 pm and 6 am
B. if there is no oncoming traffic
C. when there is a U-TURN PERMITTED sign.

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3. You are riding vehicle C. You must give way to: (See page 77)
A. Both vehicle A and B.
B. Vehicle A only. A

C. Neither vehicle A or B. B

4. When are you allowed to sound your horn? (See page 78)
A. Only in a built-up area.
B. To say goodbye to friends.
C. At any time.
D. To warn others of your approach.

Giving way
Give way for a driver or pedestrian means:
if a driver or pedestrian is stoppedremain stationary until it is safe to proceed
in any other case: slowdown and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision.
Learners will be tested in detail about giving way, so learn every rule before
taking the written test. Give way rules are designed to allow road users and
pedestrians to move predictably without the danger of a crash. Drivers who
dont give way are dangerous to themselves and other road users.

GIVE WAY and STOP


GIVE WAY and STOP signs are placed at intersections where extra care is needed
because of limited visibility, or where vehicles on the other road have priority.
STOP lines and GIVE WAY lines on the road have the same meaning as STOP
signs and GIVE WAY signs. They are used in case a sign is missing, for example
stolen or knocked down. This also applies at railway level crossings.

Give way line

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GIVE WAY signs
When you face a GIVE
WAY sign or GIVE WAY
line at an intersection,
you must slow down or,
2 2
if necessary, stop.
You must then give way
GIVE

GIVE
WAY

WAY
1 1 to vehicles approaching,
entering or on the
intersection. If you turn
Vehicle 2 must give way Vehicle 2 must give way
at the intersection, you
to vehicle 1. to vehicle 1.
must also give way to
pedestrians crossing the
road you are entering.
Do not drive past a GIVE WAY sign on a narrow
section of road when a vehicle is approaching.
GIVE
WAY

A
B

STOP signs
When you face a STOP sign or STOP line, you must
bring your vehicle to a complete stop just behind
the STOP line. You must give way to vehicles
approaching, entering or on the intersection. If you
2 turn at the intersection, you must also give way to
pedestrians crossing the road you are entering. If
there is no STOP line, you should stop where you
STOP

1
have a clear view of the intersection before
entering it.
Vehicle 2 must stop and
give way to vehicle 1.

Giving way at GIVE WAY and STOP signs


When two or more drivers face each other at STOP or GIVE WAY signs at an
intersection, they must first give way to all other vehicles. The drivers must also
give way to any pedestrians on the road they are entering. They then apply the
give way rules see also Giving way to the right on page 81.

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2 2
STOP WAY
GIVE

STOP STOP

1 1

After both vehicles have stopped After both vehicles have given way
and given way to all other vehicles, to all other vehicles, vehicle 2 must
vehicle 1 must give way to vehicle give way to vehicle 1 because it is
2 because vehicle 1 is turning right turning right across vehicle 1s path.
across vehicle 2s path.

Giving way when changing lanes


When you are changing lanes, you must give way to the traffic already in the
lane you are moving to.

Giving way to the right

2 2 2

1 1
1

In all these situations, vehicle 1 must give way to vehicle 2.

When you come to a crossroad intersection without any signs or lines,


you must give way to all vehicles on your right if they are approaching,
entering or on the intersection.
However, you do not have to give way to vehicles:
coming from the opposite direction and turning right at the intersection
making a U-turn.

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Giving way when merging
Example 1
When lines of traffic merge, you must give way
to any vehicle that is ahead of you.
A In example 1, vehicle B gives way to vehicle A.
B

Example 2
If your lane comes to an end, you must give way
to traffic already in the lane you are moving to.
A In example 2, vehicle A gives way to vehicle B.
B

Giving way when making a U-turn


You must give way to all vehicles and pedestrians
when you make a U-turn, including traffic that
1
is facing STOP or GIVE WAY signs see U-turns,
2 page 74.

Vehicle 1 must wait for vehicle 2 to pass before making


the U-turn.

Giving way to emergency vehicles


You must do everything practical to give way to an emergency vehicle sounding
a siren, bell or flashing warning lights see also Emergency vehicles, page 132.

Giving way to buses


You must give way to a bus ahead of you with this sign on its
right-hand rear side, when you are in a built-up area where the
speed limit is not more than 70km/h, if the bus is signalling
to enter traffic from:

a bus stop bay


Vehicle 1 gives way to a bus leaving a bus stop
2
in a specially constructed bus bay.

82
the shoulder of the road
Vehicle 1 gives way to a bus moving away from the
2
road shoulder or the left side of the road.

the bus zone or bus stop.


Vehicle 1 gives way to a bus leaving a bus zone
2 or a bus stop.

Giving way from a slip lane with or without a


TURN LEFT AT ANY TIME WITH CARE sign at the intersection
When you drive onto a road from a slip lane with or
1 without a TURN LEFT AT ANY TIME WITH CARE sign on it,
3 you must give way to all bicycles and pedestrians on
the slip lane and all vehicles (except vehicles making a
u-turn) on the road you are entering.

TURN
LEFT
Vehicle 2 must give way to vehicle 3. Vehicle 1 may continue
AT ANY TIME
WITH CARE 2 without giving way.

Giving way at a T-intersection


A T-intersection consists of two roads where one
road continues through the intersection and the
2 other road ends at the intersection.
If you are driving on the road that ends at a
T-intersection, you must give way to all vehicles
travelling on the road continuing through the
1 intersection if they are approaching, entering
or on the intersection.
Vehicle 1 must give way to vehicle 2.

83
If you are on the road that ends at a T-intersection
and a vehicle on the road continuing through the
T-intersection faces a STOP or GIVE WAY sign, you
do not have to give way to that vehicle.
2

GIVE
WAY

Vehicle 2 must give way to vehicle 1.

At this T-intersection, the continuing road (marked


with broken white lines) goes around a corner. If
you are leaving the continuing road to go straight
ahead on the terminating road, you must give way
2
to a vehicle going through the intersection on the
continuing road.
1

The road vehicle 1 is travelling on is a continuing road. Vehicle 2 is turning off the continuing
road and must give way to oncoming vehicles travelling on the continuing road.

Reversing
You may reverse, only when it is safe to do so and only as far as is reasonable.
This includes reversing out of a driveway, but once again, only when it is safe to
do so.

Tips reversing
You should take extra care when reversing near intersections or reversing out of driveways.

Giving way to pedestrians


When you turn at an
intersection, you must
give way to pedestrians
crossing the road you are
entering.

In both situations, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian before turning.

84
Giving way at pedestrian crossings
You must give way to pedestrians and cyclists on
a pedestrian crossing or pedestrians and cyclists
on or entering a childrens crossing. If a vehicle has
stopped to give way at a pedestrian or childrens
crossing, you must not overtake the stopped vehicle.
For more information about sharing the road with
pedestrians, see Sharing the road safely with
pedestrians, page 135.

Giving way when turning right


A
If you are turning right into a multi-lane road from a
single lane road you must give way to the oncoming
vehicle that is turning left.

Vehicle B must give way vehicle A.

2
1

In both cases, vehicle 2 must give way to vehicle 1.

If you are turning right at an intersection, you must give way to vehicles coming
from the opposite direction if they are approaching, entering or already on the
intersection and are:
not turning at the intersection
turning left at the intersection.

85
However, you dont have to give way to a vehicle
2 if it is:
oncoming, and it is also turning right
driving on to the road from a slip lane
making a U-turn
1
facing a STOP or GIVE WAY sign.
You must give way if you are turning across the path
of a vehicle.

Giving way when entering or leaving a road


B You must give way
to vehicles, bicycles
A A
and pedestrians when
leaving land to enter a
B road, or entering land
from a road.
In both cases, vehicle B must
give way to vehicle A and the
pedestrian before turning.

Giving way when there are multiple vehicles


When there are more than two vehicles at an intersection, you must combine
the give way rules.

1 2

Vehicles 1 and 3 are not required Vehicle 1 must give way to vehicle 2 on the right. Vehicle 2 does
to give way to any other vehicle. not have to give way to any other vehicle. Vehicle 3 must give
Vehicle 2 must give way to way to vehicle 1 on the right. Vehicles 2 and 3 are not required to
vehicle 3 coming on the right. give way to one another as their paths will not cross.

Giving way from a parked position


Give way to all other vehicles when you drive out of a parking area on the side
of the road or in a median strip. You must signal for at least five seconds see
Parking, page 115.
86
Giving way at a railway level crossing
When you face a GIVE WAY or STOP sign or line at a level crossing, you must give
way to a train approaching the level crossing see Railway level crossings, page 99.

Giving way to horses


When a person in charge of a horse that appears to be hard to control gives a
signal by raising a hand and pointing to the horse you must give way. You
should drive to the side of the road, stop your vehicle and turn off the engine.
Keep the engine off and the car stopped until there is no reasonable chance that
the noise of the engine or movement of your vehicle will further upset the horse.

Sample questions giving way


1. Which car must give way? (See page 85)
A. Vehicle 1.
B. Vehicle 2.

2. In what order should the vehicles go through the intersection? (See page 86)
A. Vehicle 1, then vehicle 2, then vehicle 3.
B. Vehicle 2, then vehicle 3, then vehicle 1. 2
STOP
C. Vehicle 3, then vehicle 2, then vehicle 1.
D. Vehicle 3, then vehicle 1, then vehicle 2.

3
STOP
1

3. You are stopped at a childrens crossing displaying orange flags. You can drive on when:
(See page 136)
A. pedestrians are not in your vehicles path
B. pedestrians have left the crossing and there is no one
about to enter the crossing
CROSSING
CHILDREN

C. pedestrians are about to enter the crossing.

CHILDREN
CROSSING

87
4. Which vehicle goes first? (See page 80)
A. Vehicle 1.
B. Vehicle 2.

GIVE
WAY
1

5. You are driving vehicle 1 (white car). Your lane ends and you need to change lanes
(there are line markings). Which is correct? (See page 82)
A. You have to give way to vehicle 2 as you are moving
into its lane.
B. Vehicle 2 has to give way to you as you are travelling
ahead of it.
C. Vehicle 2 has to give way to you as it is in the right
lane.
1

Road markings
Lanes
Lane markings
There are four types of lane markings that indicate where you must travel
on the road:
lane lines
dividing lines or centre lines
edge lines
arrows.

Lane lines
Lane lines are usually broken (A). You can cross
broken lines to turn or overtake with caution.
B B
A
However, lane lines are continuous (B) close to a
controlled situation, such as traffic lights or a STOP
sign. You must not cross continuous lane lines to turn
A B or to overtake another vehicle. You are allowed to
cross or straddle continuous lane lines to safely pass
a cyclist. A motorcycle rider may cross continuous
lane lines when lane filtering.
88
Dividing lines or centre lines
You are allowed to cross a single broken
dividing line to overtake a vehicle, to do a
U-turn or to enter or leave a road.

You are allowed to cross a single continuous


dividing line to enter or leave a road, or to
safely pass a cyclist. You must not cross a
single continuous dividing line to overtake
another vehicle or to do a U-turn.

You are allowed to cross a dividing line that


has a broken line to the left of a continuous
line to overtake a vehicle, to do a U-turn or to
enter or leave a road.

You are allowed to cross a dividing line that


has a continuous line to the left of a broken
line to enter or leave a road, or to safely pass
a cyclist. You must not cross a continuous line
to the left of a broken line to overtake another
motor vehicle or to do a U-turn.

In each case, entering or leaving a road


includes turning from one road into another
road and entering or leaving private property.
You must not cross a dividing line that has
two continuous lines, unless you are safely
passing a cyclist.

You must not cross a dividing line that has a


continuous line or a continuous line to the left
of a broken line to do a U-turn.

89
Edge lines
You must not drive on or over a continuous white edge line unless you are:
overtaking a vehicle that is turning right or making a U-turn from the centre
of the road
driving a slow-moving vehicle
driving a vehicle that is too wide or long to fit within the marked lane
to the left of the centre line
riding a bicycle
riding a motorcycle and riding on a road shoulder or in an emergency
stopping lane.
In addition to the above, there are certain times when you can drive
on or over a continuous white edge line for up to 100m only.
These are:
turning at an intersection
entering or leaving the road
stopping at the side of the road.
Note: A driver turning left from a multi-lane road must turn from within the
marked lane (or lanes in the case of a long vehicle). If there is a slip lane,
the left turn must be made from the slip lane.

Arrows
In a lane marked with arrows, you must drive only
in the direction of the arrows.

Overhead lane control


You must not travel in a lane marked with a red cross above it or pass a traffic
sign above a lane displaying a red cross.
A flashing red cross means that you must leave the marked lane
as soon as it is safe to do so.
A white, green or yellow arrow, or a speed limit sign above the
lane, means that you may drive in that lane.

90
A Lane controls end sign means that you may use any lane as you pass the
sign even if there were red crosses showing above a lane or lanes.

Special purpose lanes


Some lanes are for use only by certain vehicles.
Bus lane
You must not drive in a bus lane unless you are driving a bus,
taxi or limousine, or riding a bicycle.

Transit lane
 ou must not drive in a transit lane during the
Y
hours of operation (the hours will be marked
on the transit lane sign) unless you are driving
a vehicle with the minimum number of people
specified by the sign (including the driver),
or you are driving a bus, taxi or limousine,
or riding a bicycle or motorcycle:
Transit lane T2 y ou can drive in the transit lane if you have at least
two people in the vehicle.
Transit lane T3 y ou can drive in the transit lane if your have at least
three people in the vehicle.
Bicycle lane
Bicycle lanes are intended for use by cyclists. You may stop or park
in a marked bicycle lane unless there are signs or road markings
prohibiting you from doing so. You must give way to bicycles when
moving into a bicycle lane.

Exemptions for driving in special purpose lanes


You may drive in a bicycle lane for up to 50m and all other special purpose
lanes for up to 100m to:
enter or leave a road
overtake a vehicle that is turning right or making a U-turn from the centre
of the road
enter a marked lane or line of traffic from the side of the road.

91
Keeping left
When you drive on a two-way road, the basic rule
is to keep as close as practical to the left.
When you drive on a multi-lane road where the speed
limit is more than 80km/h, you must not travel in the far
right lane unless you are:
overtaking
turning right
making a U-turn
avoiding an obstacle
entitled to drive in that lane because of an official
traffic sign
driving in congested traffic.
You could be fined for driving in the right-hand lane.

Overtaking
Overtaking on the right
You may overtake a vehicle only if you have a clear
view of any approaching traffic and you can do so
safely.

If you are being overtaken


When you are being overtaken, and the overtaking
vehicle is crossing the centre of the road, do not
speed up.

Follow these steps for safer overtaking


1. Keep a safe following distance behind see Safe following distance, page 139.
2. Check ahead for approaching traffic and other vehicles.
3. Check behind for other vehicles.
4. Signal right to give sufficient warning to other road users.
5. Accelerate and move right but do not exceed the speed limit.
6. Turn off right indicator.
7. Signal left as you move ahead and clear of the vehicle you are overtaking.
8. Move back to the left lane or line of traffic as soon as it is safe.
9. Turn off left indicator.
Overtaking more than one vehicle at a time increases your risk of a crash.

92
Overtaking on the left
You can overtake a vehicle on the left if:
you are driving on a multi-lane road and the vehicle can be safely overtaken
in a marked lane to the left of the vehicle
the vehicle is turning right or making a U-turn from the centre of the road
and is indicating right
the vehicle being overtaken is stationary and it is safe to do so
you are riding a motorcycle and lane filtering or riding on a road shoulder or
in an emergency stopping lane.

You can overtake a vehicle You can overtake a vehicle on You can overtake a vehicle on
on the left on a multi-lane the left if the vehicle is turning the left if the vehicle is stationary
road if it is safe to do so. right and it is safe to do so. and it is safe to do so.

Overtake correctly or the results could be fatal. Before overtaking, consider:


Is it necessary?
Could I wait?
Is it safe?
Is it legal?
What are the road markings?
What is my speed?
(Remember you must never exceed the speed limit.)

Overtaking or passing
NO OVERTAKING OR PASSING:
You must not drive past this sign when a vehicle is approaching
from the opposite direction.
You must not overtake another vehicle going in the same direction
when you have passed this sign.

93
NO OVERTAKING ON BRIDGE
You must not overtake any vehicle on a bridge
where this sign appears.

Overtaking long vehicles


You must not overtake a vehicle displaying a DO
NOT OVERTAKE TURNING VEHICLE sign if the vehicle
is signalling its intention to turn left or right, unless
you can do so safely.

A long vehicle on a multi-lane road may use the


left-hand lane or the marked lane next to the left
lane to turn left see Sharing with other road
users Heavy vehicles, page 132.
Similarly, a long vehicle on a multi-lane road may
use the right-hand lane or the marked lane next to
the right lane to turn right see Sharing with other
road users heavy vehicles, page 132.

Overtaking cyclists
You must leave a safe distance between your vehicle and a cyclist when you are
overtaking or passing see Sharing with other road users cyclists, page 134.

Motorway and highway driving


Motorways are divided roads designed for fast-moving
vehicles.
For safety reasons, slower vehicles and pedestrians are not
allowed on these roads. Most motorway entrances list the
vehicles not allowed to travel on the road.

If you face the sign, WRONG WAY GO BACK, as you enter


a motorway, stop and reverse back when it is safe to do so
you are on an exit ramp.

94
On a motorway you must:
be prepared to give way to vehicles already on the motorway as you enter
along the on-ramp
not stop, except in an emergency or if you break down. If you must stop,
use the emergency lane or bay and switch on your hazard lights
not travel in the emergency lane
not make U-turns
not drive in the right-hand lane unless overtaking, avoiding an obstruction
or travelling in congested traffic
check behind and signal before you overtake
signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other road users before
you change lanes
enter the exit lane and slow to the appropriate speed when you are about
to leave the motorway.
Tips motorway driving
Plan your route before you enter a motorway.
When entering the motorway, look for a gap between the vehicles in the closest lane and
safely build up speed on the on-ramp so you enter at the speed of the motorway traffic.
Watch for other vehicles entering the motorway from an on-ramp and adjust your speed
to allow them to enter safely.
Be ready and in the correct lane as your exit approaches.
If you miss your exit, continue to the next exit.

Sample questions road positioning


1. When entering a freeway using an on-ramp: (See page 95)
A. give way to vehicles on the freeway and adjust your speed accordingly.
B. vehicles on the freeway should give way to you.
C. stop and wait for a gap.
2. What distance are you allowed to drive in a special purpose lane, (not a bicycle lane)
when entering or leaving a road? (See page 91)
A. Not at all.
B. 25m.
C. 50m.
D. 100m.
3. Where the road is marked with two continuous dividing lines, when may you cross
the double lines? (See page 89)
A. To overtake a vehicle in front.
B. To turn into a driveway.
C. Only to safely pass a cyclist.
D. To do a U-turn.
95
4. You are driving the vehicle in the diagram. In what direction must you travel? (See page 90)
A. Turn right or go straight ahead.
B. Turn right only.
C. Straight ahead only.
D. Turn left only.

5. You are driving behind a truck that is signalling and starting to turn left. The truck is
displaying a DO NOT OVERTAKE TURNING VEHICLE sign and is in the second lane from
the left side of the road. You also want to turn left. What must you do? (See page 94)
A. If it is unsafe to overtake, allow the truck to
complete its turn before you turn left.
B. Use the far left lane to pass the truck and turn left.
C. Sound your horn and quickly pass the truck on the
left before it turns.
D. Indicate and quickly pass the truck on the right-
hand side before it turns.

Hazardous localities
Roadwork sites
Roadworks improve the roads for everyone, ensuring a safer, more efficient
and more convenient road network. For more information on safety at roadworks
please visit www.tmr.qld.gov.au/Safety/Safety-campaigns/Roadworks.

Roadwork signs
Roadwork signs are provided to ensure everyones safety and are enforceable
and regulated by law. Disobeying roadworks signs means:
you are committing an offence, which may lead to fines and demerit points
you may be liable for damage caused to roadwork equipment and materials
your insurance claim may be void
vehicles may be damaged by loose stones and gravel.

96
The ROADWORK AHEAD sign gives advance warning
of roadwork sites.
Be prepared for changed road conditions and slow down
if required.
The workers sign is a temporary sign that warns motorists
that there are roadworkers ahead on or adjacent to the
travelled path. This sign is only used while workers are in the
area.
Drive with due care and attention for your own and
roadworkers safety.
This multi-message sign gives advance warning of roadwork
sites, and imposes a speed limit that applies until the next
speed limit sign.
You are required to reduce speed to, or below, the speed
limit indicated.
This multi-message sign warns motorists that there are
roadworkers ahead on or adjacent to the road, and imposes
a speed limit that applies until the next speed limit sign.
You are required to reduce speed to, or below, the speed
limit indicated.
The SPEED LIMIT sign is used at roadworks to create
a temporary speed zone, and indicates the speed limit
that applies until the next speed limit sign.
You MUST obey all speed limit signs.
The STOP/SLOW bat is used by a traffic controller.
You must stop at a safe distance from the traffic controller
and wait when facing a STOP bat. You may proceed with
caution when faced with a SLOW bat.
The TRAFFIC CONTROLLER AHEAD/PREPARE TO STOP sign
gives advance warning that traffic may be required to stop
in compliance with the directions of a traffic controller.
It is only used when a traffic controller is on duty.
The PREPARE TO STOP and SIGNALS AHEAD signs
give advance warning of temporary traffic signals.

97
You should be prepared to obey the traffic signals ahead.

The STOP HERE ON RED SIGNAL sign is used to indicate


where traffic must stop when faced with a red light.
There may or may not be a STOP line marked on the road.

The TRAFFIC HAZARD AHEAD sign is only used for emergency


purposes to warn motorists of an unexpected hazard ahead.
Take care and drive to the prevailing conditions.
The SLIPPERY ROAD sign warns motorists of hazardous road
surface conditions ahead.
Take care and drive to the prevailing conditions.
The LOOSE STONES sign warns motorists of hazardous road
surface conditions ahead.
Take care and drive to the prevailing conditions.
The LANE STATUS signs give motorists advance warning that
one or more lanes of a multi-lane roadway are closed ahead.
The bars indicate the closed lanes, while the arrows indicate
lanes available to traffic.
The LINE MARKERS ON ROAD and SURVEYORS AHEAD signs
warn motorists that there are line markers or surveyors
working ahead on or adjacent to the road. This sign is only
used while workers are in the area.
Drive with due care and attention for your own and
roadworkers safety.
The ROAD PLANT AHEAD sign is used at work sites where
machinery is working on the roadway.
Take care and be prepared for plant being operated on the
road without any form of delineation or traffic control.
The ROAD WORK supplementary plate may be used with
a SPEED RESTRICTION sign at roadworks.

98
The END ROADWORK sign may be used to define the end
of a work site. This sign does not cancel out any previous
speed restriction. You should be aware that roadwork speed
limits continue to apply until the next speed restriction sign.
This multi-message sign defines the end of a work site
and reinstates the speed limit.
You may now travel in a safe manner up to the speed
limit indicated.

Reduced speed limits through roadworks


Reduced speed limits in and around roadworks are in place to protect the road
user and roadworker:
Speeding vehicles are a very real threat to the safety of other drivers
and roadworkers.
The road condition may have changed but you may not be aware of this.
While under construction or repair, the road surface may not be safe to drive
on at the normal speed.
Loose gravel on the road surface may cause damage to vehicles.
The road surface may be uneven.
The road lanes may have narrowed.
Often hidden from view are kilometres of utilities such as drainage pipes,
electrical and telecommunication lines. When roads are widened, many
of these have to be relocated. Relocation takes time.
Some roadwork activities are mobile, such as line markings, road patching
and mowing. The roadworker may be moving through the zone and needs
a reduced speed limit for safety reasons.
Roadworkers may not always be visible when working in the road area.

Railway level crossings


Disobeying the road rules near railway level
crossings can be fatal.
Crashes at railway level crossings are generally
more severe than other types of crashes because
trains are heavy and fast.
Any yellow painted cross hatching at a level
crossing is legally classed as being part of the
crossing.

99
Stopping and giving way at a level crossing
You must stop at a STOP sign or STOP line and give
way to any trains approaching or entering the
crossing.
You must give way at a GIVE WAY sign or GIVE WAY
line to any train approaching or entering the crossing.

Entering or leaving a level crossing


You must not enter a level crossing if:
warning lights, warning bells or boom gates
are operating
you can see or hear a train approaching
the crossing
the road beyond the crossing is blocked
or your whole vehicle cannot immediately
clear the crossing.
You must get off the crossing as soon as you can do so safely.
At a level crossing where boom gates or flashing lights are not installed,
extra care should be taken.
Slow down, or stop if facing a STOP sign, and look both ways and listen for trains.
Take extra care if the sun, fog, vegetation or buildings obscure your view of the
train tracks.
If you have stopped for a train, dont move off until warning lights (if installed) have stopped
flashing, and you have checked that another train is not following or coming the other way.

Alcohol and drugs


Alcohol
Drink driving
Drinking alcohol impairs your ability to drive safely. Alcohol affects your judgment,
vision, coordination and reflexes. It also increases your risk of having a crash.
If you have consumed alcohol, you must not drive a motor vehicle if the level
of alcohol in your blood or breath is over the alcohol limit for the type of licence
you hold or the type of vehicle that you want to drive.

When you are over the alcohol limit


There are four alcohol limits:
no alcohol limit you will be over this limit if the concentration of alcohol
in your blood or breath is more than 0.00
100
general alcohol limit you will be over this limit if the concentration
of alcohol in your blood or breath is equal to or more than 0.05
middle alcohol limit you will be over this limit if the concentration
of alcohol in your blood or breath is equal to or more than 0.10
high alcohol limit you will be over this limit if the concentration of alcohol
in your blood or breath is equal to or more than 0.15.

What your alcohol limit should be


If you hold a learner, provisional or probationary licence and you are driving, 0.00 (zero)
or in charge of, any motor vehicle
If you do not hold a driver licence and you are driving, or in charge of, 0.00 (zero)
any motor vehicle
If you hold a restricted licence (see Restricted licences, page 40) and you are 0.00 (zero)
driving, or in charge of, any motor vehicle.

If you are a section 79E order driver and you are driving, or in charge of, 0.00 (zero)
any motor vehicle.
If you are driving, or in charge of, a truck, bus, articulated motor vehicle, B-double, 0.00 (zero)
road train, vehicle carrying a placard load of dangerous goods, taxi, limousine,
public passenger vehicle, specially constructed vehicle, tow truck, pilot or escort
vehicle escorting an oversize vehicle, or a vehicle being used by you as a driver
trainer to give driver training
If you hold a class RE licence and you are riding or in charge of a motorcycle during the 0.00 (zero)
first year of holding your class RE provisional, probationary or open licence
If you hold a class RE licence and are learning to ride a class R motorcycle under 0.00 (zero)
the authority of your RE provisional, probationary or open licence
If you are an interlock driver for the Alcohol Ignition Interlock Program 0.00 (zero)
and you are driving or in charge of, any motor vehicle
If you hold an open licence and you are driving, or in charge of, any other motor vehicle Below 0.05

Police regularly carry out random breath tests to detect and deter drink drivers.
Refusing to take a roadside breath test is an offence. For more information,
see Random breath testing, page 155.
If you drive when over your alcohol limit
If you drive when over your alcohol limit, you may be charged.
If you are convicted, you face serious penalties and consequences:
your licence will be cancelled
you will be disqualified from holding or obtaining a further licence
for a stated period
you will be fined and may be jailed as well
you may be required to comply with the Alcohol Ignition Interlock Program
see Alcohol Ignition Interlock Program, page 163.
101
If you crash your vehicle when driving with a level of alcohol in your blood or breath
over your alcohol limit, your comprehensive insurance cover will not apply.
You will have to pay for any damage caused.
Your Compulsory Third Party insurance (CTP) may also be affected. See the Motor
Accident Insurance Act 1994 by visiting the Office of the Queensland Parliamentary
Counsel website at www.legislation.qld.gov.au.

Drinking Responsibly
For information on drinking responsibly, please visit www.qld.gov.au

Tip how to avoid drink driving


If you are planning to drink, plan alternative travel - catch a taxi or public transport, get a lift
with a non-drinking driver or plan to stay overnight.
Discourage friends or family from driving when they have been drinking.
Nominate one person in your group as the non-drinking driver.
Serve non-alcohol and low alcohol drinks at parties. Let people ask for a refill rather
than continually topping up their drinks. This way they can count how many drinks they
have consumed.
Do not mix drugs and alcohol.

Drink walking
Many people assume walking is a safe alternative to drink driving. However,
alcohol also impairs your ability to walk safely and judge traffic situations correctly.
If you are walking while drunk, take care to ensure you make it home safely:
Plan travel arrangements to avoid walking or driving home.
Catch public transport, a courtesy bus, a taxi or get a lift home with
a non-drinking driver.
Walk with a sober friend or in a group, if possible. A group or a pair is more
visible than one person.
Always walk on the footpath rather than the road and, if there isnt one, walk
on the left or right-hand side of the road, as close to the edge as possible,
facing oncoming traffic.
Cross at traffic lights, crossings or crosswalks.
Dont expect drivers to see you at night. Carry or wear something light in colour.
If possible, wear reflective clothing or reflective bands to increase visibility.
Cross under a streetlight if there are no marked crossings, crosswalks or signals.
For more information about road rules for pedestrians see Rules for other road
users pedestrians, page 135.

102
Common myth
Walking when intoxicated is safe.
Truth
Each year, around 17 intoxicated pedestrians are killed on Queensland roads.

Drugs and driving

Many drugs can impair your ability to drive. It is important to be aware of the effects
drugs can have on your driving ability. They can affect your vision, mood, judgment,
muscle control, reflexes, coordination and level of alertness. This can increase your
risk of having a crash. If you combine drugs with alcohol, the risk is even greater.

Over-the-counter and prescribed medications


Common myth
If you can buy a medication without a prescription, or if you have been prescribed a medicine,
then it must be okay to drive after taking it.
Truth
Many over-the-counter and prescription drugs can reduce your ability to drive safely.
This can occur even if you take the recommended dosage.

Always ask your doctor or pharmacist if the medication you take could
impair your driving.
Avoid driving if you are taking prescription or over-the-counter medications
that could affect your driving ability.
Always read the consumer medicine information and take note of the
warning label.
Illegal drugs
Many other drugs (including illegal drugs such as cannabis, speed, ecstasy
and heroin) can affect your ability to drive safely.
Never drive when you have consumed recreational or illegal drugs.
Mix at your own risk
Mixing drugs, or mixing drugs and alcohol, can seriously affect your ability
to drive safely.
If you are caught drug driving
Drug driving is treated as a serious offence. If a police officer reasonably suspects that
your driving ability has been impaired by any drug (prescription or illegal), you may be
required to provide a specimen of blood for analysis, and you may be charged.
103
Police also conduct random roadside saliva tests for illegal drugs such as
marijuana, speed, ice and ecstasy. There is no legal limit for driving with any
of these drugs in your system. If you are detected with a trace of these illegal
drugs in your system, you will be penalised.
For more information see Random roadside drug testing, page 156.
If you fail to provide a specimen as required or a drug is detected, you will
be charged. If you are convicted you face serious penalties and consequences:
your driver licence will be cancelled
you will be disqualified from holding or obtaining a further licence
for a stated period
you will be fined and may be jailed as well.
If you crash while driving under the influence of drugs, your comprehensive
insurance does not apply. You will have to pay for any damage.
Your CTP insurance may also be affected. See the Motor Accident Insurance
Act 1994 by visiting the Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel
website at www.legislation.qld.gov.au.
For more information, visit www.qld.gov.au.

Sample questions
hazardous localities, alcohol and drugs
1. What is the maximum breath or Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) for a learner driver?
(See page 100)
A. 0.05%.
B. 0.02%.
C. 0.08%.
D. 0.00%.
2. What does this sign mean? (See page 97)
A. Roadworkers on the road. You must not travel any more
than 60km/h.
B. You can travel at the speed that normally applies to the road
it is only a warning sign suggesting that you slow down.
C. You can travel at any speed it only applies to road construction
vehicles.
D. You can travel at any speed if you are driving to or from work.
3. What does this sign mean? (See page 98)
A. Left lane closed, right lane open.
B. Left lane open, right lane closed.
C. Trucks must use right lane.
D. T-intersection ahead.

104
4. At a railway crossing, when the boom gates are down and the red lights are flashing,
you should: (See page 100)
A. drive on once the boom gates begin to rise
B. drive around the boom gates once the train has passed
C. drive around the boom gates if you can see that the train is not close
D. wait until the red lights stop flashing before driving on.

5. Can a police officer stop you and require you to undergo a random breath test for alcohol
when you are driving? (See page 155)
A. No.
B. Yes.
C. Only after a crash.
D. Only if you cannot walk in a straight line.

Heavy vehicles
Maximum vehicle dimensions
Height 4.3m (except as specified below)
4.6m (vehicles built to carry cattle, sheep, pigs or horses)
4.4m (double-decker bus)
4.6m (loaded height of a multi-deck car carrier only when loaded with vehicles on
the upper deck)
Length 12.5m (rigid vehicles)
18m (articulated bus)
19m (combination vehicles such as a rigid vehicle and trailer. Does not include
B-doubles and road trains, which are covered by a Department of Transport and
Main Roads guideline)
Width 2.5m (the maximum width of a vehicle does not include any anti-skid device
mounted on wheels, central tyre inflation systems, lights, mirrors, reflectors,
signalling devices and tyre pressure gauges)

Vehicles exceeding these dimensions are required to operate under specific


guidelines or permits.
Long vehicles
Vehicles 7.5m or more in length
(which would include a car towing
a normal caravan) showing the sign
DO NOT OVERTAKE TURNING VEHICLE
may turn left from, or partly from,
the lane next to the left lane. These
vehicles can also turn right from,
or partly from, the lane next to the
right lane.

105
If driving a long vehicle (7.5m or longer):
you must drive at least 60m behind another long vehicle in front of you,
unless you are driving on a multi-lane road, or on a length of road in a built-
up area, or overtaking
you must drive at least 200m behind another long vehicle travelling in front
of you, if you are driving a road train.
 nly vehicles 7.5m or more in length are allowed to show a DO NOT
Note: O
OVERTAKE TURNING VEHICLE sign.

Loading your vehicle


Drivers who fail to secure loads safely on a heavy vehicle risk injuring
themselves and other road users, as well as running up a large damages bill.

Incorrect positioning Correct positioning

Incorrect positioning Correct positioning

The diagrams above show examples of the incorrect and correct way of loading
a heavy vehicle.
The load of a heavy vehicle must not be more than the regulated mass for an
axle or axle group or the vehicles GVM/GCM (whichever is the least), or the
registered seating capacity.
If your vehicle has a GVM of more than 4.5 tonnes, you must enter a weighbridge
checking station if the station is open, or if directed by an authorised officer.
All loading must be fastened safely and correctly. If you are carrying iron,
timber, piping or similar material, it should be fastened so it will not flap
or sway. It should be parallel with the sides of the vehicle as far as practical.
If you are carrying a loose load such as gravel or quarry products, it must be
loaded or covered so that no part of the load can fall or dislodge from the
vehicle during transport.
106
If you carry freight containers, you should be aware of the difference in the height
of some containers. The safest way to secure containers is by using twist locks.
All freight containers transported by road must be accompanied by a container
weight declaration.
Load your vehicle so you have a good view of other vehicles to the front and
on both sides and, using mirrors, behind.
If for any reason a load or equipment falls from your vehicle, you must remove
this from the road as soon as possible.
Queensland law requires all loads to be restrained to the performance
standards of the Load Restraint Guide. The guide outlines the safety principles
that should be followed to ensure the safe carriage of loads, and all heavy
vehicle drivers should have a copy. The guide can be downloaded from the
National Transport Commission website at www.ntc.gov.au.

Parking restrictions for heavy and long vehicles


If you drive a heavy vehicle (GVM of 4.5 tonnes or more) or a long vehicle
(7.5m or more in length), you must not stop for more than one hour in a built-up
area unless otherwise permitted to do so by signs, or you are actively dropping
off or picking up goods.
Your local government may make provision for you to stop longer than this
under a local law.

Warning signs
If you are driving a vehicle that is required to display a sign with the words ROAD
TRAIN, LONG VEHICLE, OVERSIZE, OVERSIZE LOAD AHEAD or SLOW VEHICLE
because of a condition of a guideline, permit or authorisation, you must remove
or cover any sign that is no longer required.
For more information about vehicle dimensions and mass limits, please refer
to the Transport Operations (Road Use Management Mass, Dimensions and
Loading) Regulation 2005 by visiting the Office of the Queensland Parliamentary
Counsel website at www.legislation.qld.gov.au.

Speed limiters
Heavy vehicles over 12 tonnes GVM or buses over 5 tonnes GVM are restricted to
travelling at a maximum speed of 100km/h, regardless of any higher speed limit
that may be shown on road signs.
Speed limiters are compulsory for trucks over 12 tonnes GVM built after 1 July
1991, and with engines up to 300hp (224kw) and for higher horsepower engines
built after 1 January 1991.
Buses over 14.5 tonnes GVM or prime movers are to be fitted with speed limiters
if they were manufactured after 1987.
107
Buses over 5 tonnes GVM and up to 14.5 tonnes GVM have speed limiters
fitted from 1 July 1991.
If a heavy vehicle is required to be speed limited, it is an offence to use the
vehicle without a properly functioning speed limiter or allow others to use it.
Penalties apply.
Any heavy vehicle driven in excess of 110km/h will be issued a defect notice
requiring it to comply with Australian Design Rule (ADR) 65/00. The vehicle will
not be allowed to operate on the road until all repairs or modifications have
been completed and cleared by the Department of Transport and Main Roads.

Portable warning signs


A vehicle (including a combination of vehicle and trailer) either carrying
a placard load of dangerous goods or weighing more than 12 tonnes must
carry three portable triangular, red, reflectorised warning signs.

If the speed limit on the road is less than 80km/h


You must display portable warning signs if your vehicle has broken down or has
lost some or all of its load, and your vehicle or load is not visible in all directions
for 200 metres.
You must display the signs as follows:
one triangle should be placed at least 50m but not more than 150m
in front of the vehicle
one triangle should be placed at least 50m but not than 150m to the rear
of the vehicle
one triangle should be placed to the side of the vehicle, or fallen load,
in a position that give sufficient warning to other road users of the position
of the fallen vehicle.

If the speed limit on the road is more than 80km/h


You must display portable warning signs if your vehicle has broken down or has
lost some or all of its load, and your vehicle or load is not visible in all directions
for 300 metres.
You must display the signs as follows:
one triangle should be placed at least 200m but not more than 250m
in front of the vehicle
one triangle should be placed at least 200m but not than 250m to the rear
of the vehicle
one triangle should be placed to the side of the vehicle, or fallen load,
in a position that give sufficient warning to other road users of the position
of the fallen vehicle.

108
Driver fatigue
All drivers of fatigue regulated heavy vehicles or a combination (with a Gross
Vehicle Mass (GVM) of more than 12 tonnes) and buses of more than 4.5 tonnes
(with a seating capacity of more than 12 adults, including the driver) must
comply with fatigue management legislation. Under the fatigue chain of
responsibility provision parties in the logistics chain must take all reasonable
steps to ensure that drivers dont drive while impaired by fatigue.
Signs of fatigue can include:
lack of alertness
inability to concentrate
reduced ability to recognise or respond to external stimuli
poor judgment or memory
making more mistakes than usual
drowsiness, or falling asleep, at work (including micro sleeps)
finding it difficult to keep eyes open
needing more frequent naps than usual
not feeling refreshed after sleep
excessive head nodding or yawning
blurred vision
mood changes, increased irritability or other changes to the persons
mental health
changes to the persons health or fitness.
If you experience any of these signs of fatigue, you should rest until the sign
is no longer present.

The national driver work diary


All drivers of fatigue regulated heavy vehicles must record work times and rest
times in their national driver work diary during any trip that takes them further
than 100km *(A) from their driver base.
The national driver work diary is available from any Department of Transport
and Main Roads Customer Service Centre, any of the agencies listed on the
Department of Transport and Main Roads website at www.tmr.qld.gov.au/
about-us/contact-us, or by phoning 13 23 80.
When applying for a national work diary:
present your current driver licence, and national driver work diary
(if you have one)
complete an application form provided in the front of the work diary
in the presence of the issuing officer
pay the application fee.
For further information, call 13 23 80 or visit www.tmr.qld.gov.au/heavyvehicles.
109
Standard hours
Time Work Rest
In any period A driver must not And must have the rest of that period off work
of... work for more than a with at least a minimum rest break of...
maximum of
5 hours 5 hours work time 15 continuous minutes rest time
8 hours 7 hours work time 30 minutes rest time in blocks
of 15 continuous minutes
11 hours 10 hours work time 60 minutes rest time in blocks
of 15 continuous minutes
24 hours 12 hours work time 7 continuous hours stationary rest time*(B)
7 days 72 hours work time 24 continuous hours stationary rest time
14 days 144 hours work time 2 x night rest breaks*(C) and 2 x night rest breaks
taken on consecutive days

Basic fatigue management


Time Work Rest
In any period of... A driver must not And must have the rest of that period off work
work for more than with at least a minimum rest break of...
a maximum of...
6 hours 6 hours work time 15 continuous minutes rest time
9 hours 8 hours work time 30 minutes rest time in blocks
of 15 continuous minutes
12 hours 11 hours work time 60 minutes rest time in blocks
of 15 continuous minutes
24 hours 14 hours work time 7 continuous hours stationary rest time*(B)
7 days 36 hours long/night
work time*(D)
14 days 144 hours work time 24 continuous hours stationary rest time taken
after no more than 84 hours work time and 24
continuous hours stationary rest time and 2 x
night rest breaks*(C) and 2 x night rest breaks
taken on consecutive days

*(A) Under the fatigue provisions in the HVNL the distance from base is 100km.
Drivers operating more than 100km (not 200km as previously) from their base
are required to carry and complete a national driver work diary. Further
information about these laws is available at www.nhvr.gov.au.
*(B) Stationary rest time is the time a driver spends out of a regulated heavy
vehicle or in an approved sleeper berth of a stationary regulated heavy vehicle.

110
*(C) Night rest breaks are 7 continuous hours stationary rest time taken between
the hours of 10 pm on a day and 8am on the next day (using the time zone
of the base of the driver) or 24 continuous hours of stationary rest break.
*(D) Long/night work time is any work time in excess of 12 hours in a 24 hour
period or any work time between midnight and 6am (or the equivalent hours
in the time zone of the base of a driver).

Advanced fatigue management


In any period of... Operating limits Work maximum Rest minimum
outer limits outer limits
24 hours Operator to propose 16 hours in 6 continuous hours
Queensland or 8 hours in 2 parts
15 hours in New
South Wales or
Victoria
14 days Operator to propose 154 hours 2 blocks of 7
hours continuous
stationary rest taken
between 10pm and
8am (night rest)
28 days Operator to propose 288 hours 4 periods of 24
hours continuous
stationary rest

Advanced fatigue management requires businesses to apply for accreditation


under the National Heavy Vehicle Regulator on 1300 MYNHVR (1300 696487).
Normal operating limits are used to guide operators when developing everyday
schedules and driver rosters, taking into account all foreseeable contingencies
and reflecting the inherent fatigue risks (for example the amount of night driving
balanced against longer rest breaks).
Outer limits represent the point at which further work poses an unacceptable
fatigue risk. The maximum outer limit cannot be exceeded. This limit is set
nationally and based on robust advice from fatigue experts and experience from
current transport industry practices.

Fatigue offence demerit points and penalties

Fatigue offences may attract demerit points and fines which may be in
excess of $5,500. Information on these offences can be found on the fatigue
management page at www.tmr.qld.gov.au/heavyvehicles. Generally, demerits
apply to offences that have a potential impact on a drivers safety, including
failing to record work and rest, or providing false information in a work diary,
or falsely claiming to be in an accreditation scheme. There are no penalties
for spelling mistakes or correcting your own incorrect entry in a work diary.
111
However, all pages with a correction must still be legible. If a page becomes
too messy or difficult to read, the driver must cancel the page by drawing two
parallel lines across it and writing the word CANCELLED and rewrite the correct
information on the next page.

Passenger transport
Public passenger services (or passenger transport) are services provided to
transport members of the public for a fare or consideration, or in the course
of a trade or business, and includes a courtesy or community transport service.
Examples of public passenger transport services are:
school buses
taxis and limousines
tourist services
charter bus services
scheduled bus services.
If you drive a vehicle that provides a public passenger transport service to the
public, you are required to hold a driver authorisation issued by the Department
of Transport and Main Roads in addition to holding the appropriate class of
driver licence.
The purpose of driver authorisation is to maximise public confidence in public
passenger services and to ensure the protection of children and other
vulnerable members of the community. This includes ensuring drivers of public
passenger vehicles:
are suitable people, having regard to their need to provide for the personal
safety of passengers and their property, and the public
conduct themselves reasonably with passengers and the public
are responsible drivers and capable of safely operating a public
passenger vehicle
are aware of their customer responsibilities
are held accountable for complying with standards.
To be granted a driver authorisation, you must be the holder of an open driver
licence and you must also have held a driver licence continuously for at least
three years. For general services driver authorisation, you must have held an
Australian driver licence for at least two years of the continuous three-year
period. For taxi services driver authorisation, you must be at least 20 years old
and you must also have held an Australian driver licence for at least one year
in the past three years.

112
In addition to the driver licence requirements, you must also satisfy medical
fitness requirements and checks of your driving and criminal history.
For further information about driver authorisation, contact your nearest
Department of Transport and Main Roads Customer Service Centre or passenger
Transport office, or call the Department of Transport and Main Roads on 13 23 80.

School buses
School buses that provide a school service and operate outside or partly
outside an urban area must have flashing yellow warning lights fitted to the
front and rear of the bus. If you drive a school bus, you must flash its warning
lights when children are being picked up or set down.

Sample questions heavy vehicles


1. Does a school bus that operates outside or partly outside an urban area have to operate
flashing warning lights when picking up and setting down passengers? (See page 113)
A. No.
B. Yes.
C. Only when road conditions are bad.
2. What is the maximum speed allowed for a heavy vehicle over 12 tonnes GVM?
(See page 107)
A. 60km/h.
B. 10km/h under the signed speed limit.
C. 100km/h.
3. When travelling outside a built-up area on single-lane roads (but not in a road train area),
what is the minimum distance to be maintained between long vehicles? (See page 106)
A. 60m.
B. 100m.
C. 10m for every 10 km/h you are travelling.
4. If you are driving a heavy or long vehicle, you must not park for more than one hour
in a built-up area unless: (See page 107)
A. no other vehicles are close by
B. it is after 5pm and before 8am
C. a sign permits it, or you are actively involved in loading or unloading.
5. What is the minimum rest period for a solo driver of a fatigue-regulated heavy vehicle
who has completed 12 hours work operating under standard work and rest arrangements?
(See page 110)
A. 6 continuous hours.
B. 7 continuous hours.
C. 8 continuous hours.
D. 12 continuous hours.

113
Other rules and responsibilities
Use of lights
When you drive at night (between sunset and sunrise) or in hazardous weather
conditions, your vehicles headlights, rear lights and rear number plate light
must be switched on and clearly visible. You should turn your headlights on
when you cannot clearly see people or vehicles.
While you may drive with your headlights on high beam in a built-up area,
you must dip your headlights when:
an oncoming vehicle is within 200m

you are within 200m of the vehicle ahead.

You may only drive with fog lights on if you are in fog or hazardous weather
conditions causing reduced visibility. If you are caught using fog lights where
conditions are not hazardous, or where visibility is not reduced, you can be fined.
Driving lights are different to fog lights. Fog lights can be switched on and off
independent of any other light, whereas driving lights are additional headlights
and are only allowed to be on while your headlights are on high beam.
Tips headlights
To see better at night, you may switch your headlights to high beam or drive more slowly
so that you have time to react to traffic conditions.
Wearing tinted glasses reduces your vision. Only wear tinted glasses at night when
an eye specialist has prescribed them for night driving.
Keep left and look to the side if oncoming lights dazzle you. If you are unable to drive safely,
slow down and stop until the other vehicle has passed.

Following distance
You must drive at a sufficient distance behind another vehicle so that you
can, if necessary, stop safely to avoid a collision with the vehicle
see Safe following distance, page 139.

Following other long vehicles


When towing a caravan or trailer, if your towing vehicle combined with the
length of the caravan or trailer is 7.5m or longer, it is considered to be a long
vehicle See Long vehicles, page 105. You must leave at least 60m between
114
your vehicle and another vehicle 7.5m or longer in front of you on single-lane
roads outside built-up areas.
If you tow a caravan in road train areas, leave at least 200m between your
vehicle and another long vehicle. Vehicles towing caravans driving too close
together make it hard for other motorists to overtake safely.

Towlines
If you are towing a car with a towline, the towline must not be more than
4m long.

Parking
Parking is regulated and enforced by local governments. Parking is also
enforced by the Queensland Police Service.

How to park
You must obey an official sign or line marking telling you how to park. If there
is no sign or line marking, park the left side of your vehicle parallel to and as
close to the left side of the road as you can safely. This is called parallel parking.
You must park facing the same direction as traffic in the adjacent lane or line
of traffic.
If you are in a one-way street (not a divided road), you may park parallel
to and as close to the left or right side of the road as you can safely.
Where parking spaces are marked on the road, you must not take up more
than a single space, unless your vehicle is longer than the length of space.
You must not park closer than 1m to any other vehicle in front of or behind
your vehicle.

Parking signs
Signs indicate where you can and cannot park. If these
signs show hours or days, directions given by the signs
apply during those hours and days. For example, this sign
indicates you can park on this section of road for no more
than two hours between 7am and 6.30pm Monday to Friday
and between 7am and noon Saturday, but that there are no
restrictions at other times. These signs may also state the
types of vehicles that must not be parked in an area, for
example heavy vehicles may be restricted.
Certain vehicles (for example those belonging to local
residents) may be excluded from a signs parking
restrictions. These exceptions will be shown on the sign.
The letter P alone means there is no time limit. You can park
any time for any length of time. If there is a time limit, it is
shown by the number in front of the P. 115
Regulated parking
Regulated parking means there is a limit to how long you can
park in this area. The time limit is shown by the number in front
of the P. For example, 2P means two-hour parking. The sign may
also show the times and days when this time limit applies.
Parking in this area is free, except where there is a metered
space. If certain hours and days apply to the meters, you can
park in this section for free outside these times.

There are several different types of metered parking in Queensland, including:


single meters located at the front of individual parking bays
multi-bays, controlling up to four parking bays located on the footpath
central to all bays
pay and display, controlling up to 10 parking bays coupons are dispensed
from a machine located on the footpath near the bays and must be displayed
on your vehicles dashboard.
To operate a meter or coupon dispenser, follow the instructions. You must insert
coins even if there are coins already in the meter.
Some metered parks become clearways during peak hours. Always check the
traffic signs before leaving your vehicle see Clearway, page 117.

LOADING ZONES
You must not stop in a loading zone, unless you are:
a bus that is dropping off or picking up passengers
a truck that is dropping off or picking up passengers
or goods
a motor vehicle displaying a commercial vehicle
identification label
any vehicle that is dropping off or picking up goods
(no longer than 20 minutes)
any vehicle that is dropping off or picking up passengers
(no longer than two minutes).

116
NO PARKING
You are not allowed to park in this area at any time. You may
stop only to pick up or set down passengers or goods for a
maximum of two minutes, unless the sign allows a longer time.
You must not leave the vehicle unattended.

NO STOPPING
You must not stop your vehicle at any time where a NO
STOPPING sign is placed, except when obeying an official
direction. This includes a traffic light or if you have to stop
or park for safety.

CLEARWAY
Vehicles are not allowed to stop on this section of road,
though buses, taxis and limousines may pick up or set down
passengers. This sign usually applies in peak-hour traffic the
sign will show the hours that it applies. If you park or stop in a
clearway, you may be fined and have your vehicle towed away.

Angle or centre parking

You may only angle or centre park where there is an official traffic sign
permitting it. Park at the angle shown by the road markings for the parking
space. Park in the direction stated on the parking sign.
When moving out of a centre parking area, you must enter and leave the parking
area by driving forward unless a traffic sign indicates otherwise.

117
Leaving your vehicle
When you open your car door, you must check that there is no one on the road,
such as a cyclist, close enough to hit your door.
Secure your vehicle before you leave it unattended and if you are going
to be more than 3m away. You must:
apply the parking brake
switch off the engine
remove the ignition key
close the windows if possible
(a gap of 5cm or less from the top of the window frame is permitted)
lock the doors if possible.
However, if somebody over 16 years of age is staying in the vehicle, the doors
do not need to be locked and the ignition key may be left with them. Never
leave children younger than 16 years, or animals, unattended in a vehicle.

Disability parking
The Australian Disability Parking Permit provides one
nationally recognised permit, nationally agreed eligibility
criteria and national minimum standards for parking
concessions. The Australian Disability Parking Permit
provides the following parking concessions in Queensland:

parking in any parking bay provided for a person with a disability in an


on-street parking location or off-street parking location, such as shopping
centres
parking in local government metered or regulated parking areas free
of charge for the following periods:
where the time limit specified by a sign is less than 30 minutes,
permit holders will be able to park for 30 minutes
where the time limit specified by a sign is 30 minutes or more,
permit holders will be able to park for an unlimited time.
Holders of red disability parking permits may continue to access parking
concessions. Red permit holders are entitled to park in any off-street parking
bay (regardless of the colour of the signage) situated in areas such as shopping
centres. Red permit holders may use their permit when travelling interstate and
must park according to the conditions on their permit.
Temporary permits, once expired, are not valid and are not eligible for renewal.

118
If you continue to experience severe functional mobility impairment, you will
need to make a new application for an Australian Disability Parking Permit.
If you are caught misusing a disability parking permit or parking illegally in a
disability parking space, you can be fined.

Prohibited parking places


You must not park or stop:
on a road with a yellow edge line
on a painted island
within 1m of another parked car
where you would have less than 3m of road between your car and the other
side of the road, or any continuous marked centre line or double lines
where you would have less than 3m of road between your car and a vehicle
parked on the other side of the road
in a mail zone
in a special purpose lane other than a bicycle lane
between the centre of the road and another vehicle already parked
(known as double parking), except when centre parking
within 1m of a fire hydrant or fire plug indicator
in an emergency lane on a motorway, unless this is necessary for safety
on a safety ramp or arrester bed, unless necessary for safety
in a loading zone, unless you are permitted to do so see Loading zones, page 116
in between signs that mark a bus zone.
Unless there is an official sign saying you can, you must not park or stop:
less than 10m from an intersection without traffic lights
less than 20m from an intersection with traffic lights
less than 20 m before and 10m after a childrens crossing
(when CHILDREN CROSSING flags are displayed)
less than 20m before and 10m after a pedestrian crossing, unless a parking
sign applies
less than 20m before and 10m after a bus stop
less than 20m from a level crossing
on the crest of a hill or curve outside a built-up area unless the rear of the
vehicle is visible for at least 100m.

119
Also, ensure your vehicle is not blocking or partly blocking:
an intersection
a footpath
a pedestrian crossing
a traffic light-controlled crossing
a railway level crossing
a bicycle path
a driveway or property entrance, except for up You must ensure your
to two minutes when you are dropping off vehicle is not blocking or
partly blocking a driveway.
or picking up passengers or goods
vehicles moving from one road to another road, ferry, wharf or driveway
a tunnel or underpass.
If your vehicle has a GVM of 4.5 tonnes or more, or is 7.5m or more in length,
you must not park it in a built-up area for more than one hour unless otherwise
signed, or if you are actively engaged in dropping off or picking up goods.
Prohibited parking places

120
Seatbelts and child restraints
Everyone in a vehicle must wear a fastened seatbelt at all times.
The only exceptions are if:
you are the driver and are reversing the vehicle
you carry a current medical certificate that states you cannot wear a seatbelt
for medical reasons. The medical certificate must have an end date no later
than 12 months from the date it was given
you are required to get in and out of the vehicle frequently while engaged
in door-to-door pick-up or delivery of goods, and you drive at no more
than 25km/h
the vehicle was originally manufactured without seatbelts fitted and
passengers are seven years or older. Passengers under seven years are not
permitted to travel in any vehicle without a correctly fitted child restraint.
Under Queensland law, if you are the driver, you are responsible for ensuring
that every passenger regardless of age wears a correctly fitted child restraint
or seatbelt. Passengers 16 years or older who fail to wear a seatbelt will also be
fined (in addition to the driver) and accumulate three demerit points.
For further information, see Correct seatbelt and child restraint use, page 147
and Double demerit points, page 161.

Mobile phones
Using a mobile phone that is held in the hand is illegal when driving, even when
you are stopped at traffic lights. This includes:
making and receiving calls
holding the phone to or near the ear, whether or not engaged in a call
turning the phone on or off and operating any other function of the phone
text messaging.
You must pull over and park in a safe place to make or receive a call.
If you are found using a hand-held mobile phone while driving, you will be given a
ticket for this offence. Demerit points will be recorded against your traffic history.
Tips mobile phones
Unless you are a class C learner or a P1 licence holder under 25, you may use a hands-free
mobile phone, CB radio or any other two-way radio when driving. However, you must drive
with extreme care and attention and not allow yourself to be distracted.

See Learning to drive (page 22) and Provisional licences (page 33) for special
conditions relating to learner drivers and provisional licence holders.

121
Animals
A driver must not have an animal in their lap while operating a vehicle.
A person riding a motorcycle must not carry an animal between the rider and
handlebars and between the riders arms.
It is recommended that pets do not ride unrestrained in either the front or back
seats of any vehicle. A special pet harness can be attached to your vehicles
seatbelt. Smaller pets can also be transported in pet carriers. Pets can be put in
the back of a station wagon with a cargo barrier that complies with Australian
standards. Dogs should not ride unrestrained in the back of trucks or trailers.
Special pet restrainers for dogs travelling in utes can restrain your dog safely.

Sample questions other rules


and responsibilities
1. As a driver, you must wear a seatbelt: (See page 121)
A. When travelling over 60km/h.
B. When the vehicle is moving or stationary in traffic, unless you are reversing.
C. When the vehicle is parked.
D. When convenient.
2. What does this sign mean? (See page 117)
A. You cannot stop for more than five minutes to pick up or drop off
passengers.
B. You must not stop at any time.
C. You cannot stop during the times and days stated.
D. You can only stop during the times and days stated.

3. When towing a car with a towline, what is the maximum permissible length
of the towline? (See page 115)
A. 4m.
B. 6m.
C. 10m.
D. 15m.
4. You can use a mobile phone that is held in your hand when sitting in the drivers seat:
(See page 121)
A. at any time when you are driving an automatic vehicle.
B. at any time when the phone call is less than five minutes long.
C. when you are stopped at traffic lights or stopped in traffic.
D. only when your vehicle is parked.

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5. Are you permitted to drive with your lights on high beam in a built-up area?
(See page 114)
A. Yes, but not within 200m of another vehicle.
B. Yes, but not within 100m of another vehicle.
C. No.

Rules for other road users


Cyclists
A bicycle is a legal vehicle and cyclists have the same rights and responsibilities as
any other driver on the road. However, there are also some road rules just for cyclists.
As a cyclist, you are legally required to:
wear an Australian Standard AS2063 or AS/NZS2063 bike helmet, correctly fitted
and fastened it will reduce your chances of suffering head injuries in a crash
by 80 per cent
fit your bike with a working bell, horn or similar warning device and at least
one effective brake
obey all traffic signs and lights see Signs and signals, page 60
keep at least one hand on the handlebars at all times
use hand signals when turning right
have a red reflector at the rear of your bike that can be seen for at least 50m.
If riding at night, have a flashing or steady front white light and rear red light fitted
to your bike that can be seen for at least 200m
fasten any luggage safely and securely
not double anyone unless the bicycle is designed to carry more than one person
and each person wears a helmet
never ride in a bicycle lane on the wrong side of the road
(towards oncoming traffic)
stop before riding your bike across a childrens crossing or zebra crossing
give way to pedestrians on footpaths and shared use paths keep to the left
never ride on that part of a separated footpath designed for pedestrians.
You may ride your bicycle across a pedestrian crossing at traffic lights.
You may ride bicycles on roads and footpaths unless otherwise signed. Local
governments may make local laws prohibiting the use of bicycles on specific
footpaths within the local government area. These footpaths must be identified
by NO BICYCLE signs.
When riding on roads with no marked lanes, you must ride as near as practical
to the far left side of the road. However on a roundabout with no marked lanes you
may take up any part of the road space you need to ensure your safety. 123
You must not ride closer than 2m to the rear of a moving motor vehicle
continuously for more than 200m.
Two cyclists may legally ride beside each other as long as they are not more than
1.5m apart. If necessary, another cyclist can overtake these cyclists. On a multi-
lane road you can occupy any part of a lane and travel in the right hand lane where
necessary (for example to make a right turn).
Bicycle storage areas may be provided at an intersection with traffic lights.
A bicycle storage area has one or more bicycle symbols painted on the road
between two parallel stop lines.
Special rules apply to you when using a bicycle storage area, including:
you must give way to any vehicle that is in the bicycle storage area
where there is a green or yellow light in front of the bicycle storage area,
you must give way to any vehicle entering the area.
As a cyclist, you can:
ride in bus lanes, transit lanes and bicycle storage areas
overtake a vehicle on the left, unless the vehicle is turning left and signalling
to turn left
travel in the left lane of a multi-lane roundabout if leaving more than
halfway around a roundabout, but must give way to vehicles exiting from
the roundabout.

Penalties
If you are 17 years of age or older and disobey any road rule while riding a
bicycle, you may be given an infringement notice by a police officer. While you
may be required to pay a fine for disobeying a road rule, you cannot accumulate
any demerit points because they dont apply to bicycle offences.
You may be arrested for drink riding if you are riding under the influence
of liquor or drugs see Drink driving, page 100.

Optional hook turn by a bicycle rider


You may turn right at an intersection on your bicycle using a hook turn.
To make the turn:
1. Approach and enter the intersection from as near as
practical to the far left side
of the road you are leaving.

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2. Move forward until you are as near as practical to the far side of the road you
are entering. Keep as near as possible to the far left side of the intersection.
Keep clear of any marked foot crossings. Keep clear of any driver turning left
from the intersection.
3. If there are traffic lights, wait until you are facing a green light before
moving forward.
4. If there are no traffic lights on the intersection, give way to approaching
drivers on the road you have just left, then move forward.

Obeying traffic lights


Stop
Do not ride past the red traffic light. You can
cross the road if another traffic light you are
facing shows a green WALK, walking
pedestrian or bicycle symbol.

Stop if it is safe to do so
Do not ride past the yellow traffic light
unless you are so close to the yellow traffic
light when it changes from green to yellow
that you cant stop safely.
If you face a flashing yellow traffic light or
arrow, this is a warning to use caution near
the traffic light when you enter the road
and to follow the general give way rules.

Go
Ride past the green traffic light if you can
do so safely.

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Tips cyclists
To stay safe, you should:
Check your bikes tyres and brakes regularly.
Be courteous to motorists and ride in a predictable manner so that road users know what
you are doing.
Be seen. Light coloured clothing can make you more visible to motorists. At night,
use lights and reflectors on your bike and wear reflective clothing or reflective
wrist and ankle bands to attract motorists attention.

Motorised bicycles
A motorised bicycle is a bicycle with an auxiliary electric motor with a maximum
generated output of 200w or less, or a pedalec as defined by the Vehicle
Standard (Australian Design Rule - Definitions and Vehicle Categories) 2005
(Commonwealth).
The pedals must be the primary source of power for the vehicle. If the electric
motor is the primary source of power then the vehicle is not a bicycle.
Riding a bicycle powered by an internal combustion engine is illegal
on Queensland roads.
You do not require a driver licence to ride a motorised bicycle and they
are exempt from registration and Compulsory Third Party (CTP) insurance.
Motorised bicycles fall under the same road rules as bicycles and have
the same rights and responsibilities as a bicycle.

Pedestrians
We are all pedestrians at some time. Pedestrians include people:
walking
using wheelchairs (including registered motorised wheelchairs that cannot
travel faster than 10km/h)
on rollerblades, skateboards, rollerskates and other wheeled recreational devices
on personal mobility devices.

Staying safe
Always cross at the safest possible point at a crossing, lights, refuge
or where you can see drivers and they can see you.
When crossing a road, STOP, LOOK for traffic, LISTEN for approaching cars
and WAIT until there is a safe break in traffic before crossing.

126
Obey traffic signals.
Cross the road by the most direct route.
Allow yourself enough time to cross the road.
Always walk on the footpath or nature strip. If there isnt one, you must walk
as close to the edge of the road as practical, facing oncoming traffic.
Do not travel on a dedicated bicycle path, or on that part of a separated path
designated for bicycles, unless you are in or pushing a wheelchair, or you
are using a wheeled recreational device see Rollerblades, skateboards
and other wheeled recreational devices, page 127.
Tips pedestrians
Take care if walking after drinking alcohol, see Drink walking, page 102.
You should always keep to the left when walking on a footpath.
Cross the road with a group, if possible. A group or a pair is more visible than one person.
Dont expect drivers to see you at night. Carry or wear something light in colour and cross
under a streetlight if there are no marked crossings, crosswalks or signals.

Motorised wheelchairs
If you are using a motorised wheelchair, extra rules apply to you.
Use footpaths at all times or, if there is no footpath, travel as close as
possible to the left-or right-hand side of the road. (Note: Be aware that your
smaller size and slower speeds often make you less visible in traffic.)
Cross the road by the most direct route.
Pay attention to others safety.
Never use the device on a road in the same way you would drive a car.
Motorised wheelchairs can be registered to an individual or an organisation.
For more information about registering, see How to register a motorised
wheelchair, visit www.tmr.qld.gov.au.

Rollerblades, skateboards and other wheeled recreational devices


If you are using rollerblades, rollerskates, a skateboard or other wheeled
recreational devices, extra rules apply to you. These rules also apply to
children under 12 years of age using a wheeled toy such as a pedal car,
scooter or tricycle.
Do not travel on a road where the speed limit is 50km/h or more.
Do not travel on roads with a white centre line or median strip or where there
are marked lanes.

127
Do not travel on a road at night (you may, however, travel on a footpath
and cross a road by the most direct route at night).
Do not use wheeled recreational devices where a sign prohibits their use.
Give way to cyclists on a bicycle path or separated path.
Keep to the far left side when travelling on a road or footpath.
Give way to pedestrians on a footpath or shared path.
Local council laws may affect wheeled recreational devices.
Check the by-laws in the local area.

Motorised foot scooters


A motorised foot scooter is a scooter that has an electric motor of 200w
output or less attached. The manufacturer of the scooter must certify that the
power output does not exceed 200w by either attaching a plate to the motor
or engraving it.
You do not require a driver licence to ride a motorised foot scooter, and it is
exempt from registration and CTP insurance.
A motorised foot scooter is a wheeled recreational device. In addition to the
rules for wheeled recreational devices:
you must wear an approved bicycle helmet
you cannot ride where there is a sign prohibiting the use of motorised
foot scooters.

Pedestrians obeying traffic lights

Stop
If you face a red DONT WALK or
illuminated red pedestrian symbol,
do not cross the road.

Walk
If you face a green WALK or illuminated
green pedestrian symbol, start to cross
the road with care.

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Caution
If you face a flashing red DONT WALK or flashing red illuminated pedestrian
signal, complete the crossing if you have started do not start to cross
the road.

Personal mobility devices


A personal mobility device (PMD), such as a Segway, is an electric device
generally used by people to transport themselves short distances
instead
of walking or riding a bicycle.

PMDs can be used on road related areas such as footpaths, bike paths
and shared paths around Queensland. For up to date information about
what PMDs you may use, please visit www.qld.gov.au.

A PMD operator must:


be aged 16 and over to operate a PMD unsupervised
be supervised by an adult if aged between 12 and 15
wear an approved bicycle helmet that is securely fitted
keep left when travelling on a path
give way to pedestrians on a path
keep left to oncoming bicycles and PMDs on a path
have a working warning device, such as a bell or horn
have a working flashing or steady white light at the front, a red
light and a red reflector at the rear to use at night or in hazardous
conditions.
A PMD operator must not:
travel faster than 12km/hour
travel along a road unless there is an obstruction or it is impractical
in these instances a PMD is allowed to travel up to 50m on the road
(PMD users may stay on their device to cross a road at a designated
crossing)
carry any passengers
use a hand-held mobile phone while operating a PMD

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drink alcohol while operating a PMD
travel past a 'PMD prohibited' sign

Local
drinkcouncils andoperating
alcohol while land owners
a PMDcan prohibit PMDs in areas not appropriate for
use such as some malls, esplanades or jetties. The following sign will be displ
travel past a PMD prohibited sign.
these areas and PMD operators must not travel past this sign.
Local councils and land owners can prohibit PMDs in areas not
appropriate for their use such as some malls, esplanades or
jetties. The following sign will be displayed in these areas and
PMD operators must not travel past this sign.

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