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1 (a) A truck of mass 12 kg is rolling down a very slight incline as shown in Fig. 1.1. For
Examiners
Use

12 kg

Fig. 1.1

The truck travels at constant speed.

Explain why, although the truck is on an incline, it nevertheless does not accelerate.

.........................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................... [1]

(b) The slope of the incline is increased. As a result of this, the truck now accelerates.

(i) Explain why there is now acceleration.

.................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................... [1]

(ii) Write down an equation linking the resultant force on the truck and the acceleration
of the truck.

[1]

(iii) The trucks acceleration is 2.0 m/s2.

Calculate the resultant force on the truck.

resultant force = ................................................ [2]

UCLES 2008 0625/32/O/N/08


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(c) The friction force up the slope in (b)(iii) was 14.0 N. For
Examiners
By suitable lubrication, the friction force is now almost totally removed. Use

(i) Calculate the new acceleration of the truck.

acceleration = ................................................ [3]

(ii) The lubricated truck travels down the incline, starting from rest at the top of the
incline. It takes 2.5 s to reach the bottom of the incline.

Calculate its speed as it reaches the bottom of the incline.

speed = ................................................ [2]

(d) The incline is reduced to the original value and the lubricated truck is placed on it.

Describe the motion of the truck when it is released.

.........................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................... [1]

[Total: 11]

UCLES 2008 0625/32/O/N/08 [Turn over


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1 In a laboratory, an experiment is carried out to measure the acceleration of a trolley on a horizontal


table, when pulled by a horizontal force.

trolley
force

Fig. 1.1

The measurements are repeated for a series of different forces, with the results shown in the table
below.

force / N 4.0 6.0 10.0 14.0

acceleration 0.50 0.85 1.55 2.25


m / s2

(a) On Fig. 1.2, plot these points and draw the best straight line for your points. [2]

16

force / N

12

0
0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5
acceleration
m / s2

Fig. 1.2

UCLES 2011 0625/31/M/J/11


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(b) The graph shows that below a certain force there is no acceleration.

(i) Find the value of this force. ............................................................................................ [1]

(ii) A force smaller than that in (b)(i) is applied to the stationary trolley. Suggest what happens
to the trolley, if anything.

.......................................................................................................................................[1]

(c) Show that the gradient of your graph is about 5.7.

gradient = ...........................................................[1]

(d) (i) State the equation that links resultant force F, mass m and acceleration a.

[1]

(ii) Use your gradient from (c) to find the mass of the trolley.

mass = ...........................................................[2]

(e) On Fig. 1.3, sketch a speed / time graph for a trolley with constant acceleration.

speed

0
0
time

Fig. 1.3
[1]

[Total: 9]

UCLES 2011 0625/31/M/J/11 [Turn over


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1 Fig. 1.1 shows apparatus used to find a relationship between the force applied to a trolley For
and the acceleration caused by the force. Examiners
Use

ticker- ticker-tape
trolley tape timer roll of tape
string

hanging mass runway

Fig. 1.1

For each mass, hung as shown, the acceleration of the trolley is determined from the tape.
Some of the results are given in the table below.

acceleration of the trolley


weight of the hanging mass / N
m/s2
0.20 0.25

0.40 0.50

0.70

0.80 1.0

(a) (i) Explain why the trolley accelerates.

..................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................ [2]

(ii) Suggest why the runway has a slight slope as shown.

..................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................ [1]

(b) Calculate the mass of the trolley, assuming that the accelerating force is equal to the
weight of the hanging mass.

mass = ................................................ [2]

UCLES 2008 0625/31/O/N/08