You are on page 1of 4

The Association of South East Asian Nations (Asean) is a 10-member

international body that represents more than 500 million people living in the

Set up in 1967 in Bangkok by Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and

Singapore, it has since been joined by Brunei, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar and Cambodia.

The Asean Summit was an annual affair until 2009, when leaders began meeting twice
a year. Member countries take turns every year to chair the two meetings.

During the year-end meeting, the country chair also hosts the East Asia Summit which
is a forum attended by Asean and the leaders of China, India, Australia, New Zealand,
South Korea, Japan, Russia and the United States.
What was Asean set up to do, and what has it achieved?

Asean aims to promote collaboration and co-operation among member states, as well
as to advance the interests of the region as a whole, including economic and trade

It has negotiated a free trade agreement among member states and with other countries
such as China, as well as eased travel in the region for citizens of member countries.

Asean claims the opening up of Myanmar (also known as Burma) as one of its more
significant recent achievements, having pursued a policy of constructive engagement
and non-confrontation.

Asean also promotes peace and stability in the region. Members have signed a treaty
pledging to not have nuclear weapons, and most have agreed to a counter-terrorism
pact which includes sharing intelligence and easing the extradition process of terror

In the past decade, Asean has deepened co-operation on regional terror threats such
as Jemaah Islamiyah, the South East Asian arm of Al-Qaeda which claimed
responsibility for the 2002 Bali bombings.

he Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was formed in 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia,
the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand to promote political and economic cooperation and regional
stability. Brunei joined in 1984, shortly after its independence from the United Kingdom, and Vietnam
joined ASEAN as its seventh member in 1995. Laos and Burma were admitted into full membership
in July 1997 as ASEAN celebrated its 30th anniversary. Cambodia became ASEANs tenth member
in 1999.

The ASEAN Declaration in 1967, considered ASEANs founding document, formalized the principles
of peace and cooperation to which ASEAN is dedicated. The ASEAN Charter entered into force on
15 December 2008. With the entry into force of the ASEAN Charter, ASEAN established its legal
identity as an international organization and took a major step in its community-building process.
The ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars, the Political-Security Community, Economic
Community and Socio-Cultural Community. Each pillar has its own Blueprint approved at the summit
level, and, together with the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) Strategic Framework and IAI Work
Plan Phase II (2009-2015), they form the Roadmap for and ASEAN Community 2009-2015.

ASEAN commands far greater influence on Asia-Pacific trade, political, and security issues than its
members could achieve individually. This has driven ASEANs community building efforts. This work
is based largely on consultation, consensus, and cooperation.

U.S. relations with ASEAN have been excellent since its inception. The United States became a
Dialogue Partner country of ASEAN in 1977. Dialogue partners meet regularly with ASEAN at the
working and senior levels to guide the development of our regional relations. In July 2009, Secretary
Clinton signed the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) which has greatly
enhanced U.S. political relations with ASEAN.


It was a short, simply-worded document containing just five articles. It declared the establishment of an
Association for Regional Cooperation among the Countries of Southeast Asia to be known as the
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and spelled out the aims and purposes of that
Association. These aims and purposes were about cooperation in the economic, social, cultural,
technical, educational and other fields, and in the promotion of regional peace and stability through
abiding respect for justice and the rule of law and adherence to the principles of the United Nations
Charter. It stipulated that the Association would be open for participation by all States in the Southeast
Asian region subscribing to its aims, principles and purposes. It proclaimed ASEAN as representing the
collective will of the nations of Southeast Asia to bind themselves together in friendship and cooperation
and, through joint efforts and sacrifices, secure for their peoples and for posterity the blessings of peace,
freedom and prosperity.

he goal of ASEAN, then, is to create, not to destroy. This, the Foreign Minister of Thailand, Thanat Khoman,
stressed when it was his turn to speak. At a time when the Vietnam conflict was raging and American forces
seemed forever entrenched in Indochina, he had foreseen their eventual withdrawal from the area and had
accordingly applied himself to adjusting Thailands foreign policy to a reality that would only become
apparent more than half a decade later. He must have had that in mind when, on that occasion, he said
that the countries of Southeast Asia had no choice but to adjust to the exigencies of the time, to move
toward closer cooperation and even integration. Elaborating on ASEAN objectives, he spoke of building a
new society that will be responsive to the needs of our time and efficiently equipped to bring about, for the
enjoyment and the material as well as spiritual advancement of our peoples, conditions of stability and
progress. Particularly what millions of men and women in our part of the world want is to erase the old and
obsolete concept of domination and subjection of the past and replace it with the new spirit of give and take,
of equality and partnership. More than anything else, they want to be master of their own house and to
enjoy the inherent right to decide their own destiny

While the nations of Southeast Asia prevent attempts to deprive them of their freedom and sovereignty, he
said, they must first free themselves from the material impediments of ignorance, disease and hunger. Each
of these nations cannot accomplish that alone, but by joining together and cooperating with those who have
the same aspirations, these objectives become easier to attain. Then Thanat Khoman concluded: What
we have decided today is only a small beginning of what we hope will be a long and continuous sequence
of accomplishments of which we ourselves, those who will join us later and the generations to come, can
be proud. Let it be for Southeast Asia, a potentially rich region, rich in history, in spiritual as well as material
resources and indeed for the whole ancient continent of Asia, the light of happiness and well-being that will
shine over the uncounted millions of our struggling peoples.

It would have been very ideal to just hold the leaders summit in Clark, as Bases Conversion
Development Authority president and CEO Vince Dizon had been working hard to prepare the ASEAN
Villas in the Clark Ecozone for the use of the world leaders. Unfortunately, there are simply not enough
hotels to accommodate other participants and delegates, not to mention the security detail for these world
leaders, each one of whom would most likely be sending advance teams to check on security
preparations and other pertinent details.

One of the most elaborate security preparations will undoubtedly be that of the United States for
President Donald Trump. We are all aware of the current situation and issues surrounding North Korea.
The most vital security component for the US president is Air Force One, with an exact B-747 duplicate to
be used as a decoy and transport Secret Service agents and other members of Trumps contingent. Air
Force One is the symbol of Americas strength and power but is also used as the flying White House
when there is potential danger. George Bush was on Air Force One for eight hours right after the 9/11

One can only imagine the huge expense that will be incurred for the US presidents visit, but as US
Ambassador Sung Kim said, this is really an important trip for President Trump. We are all hopeful the
bilateral meeting between President Trump and President Duterte will be extremely successful.

With all the preparations in place, everyone is optimistic that everything will turn out well for this ASEAN
meeting. This event is about the ASEAN and our country, and the distinct opportunity of putting our world-
renowned hospitality in the spotlight. Needless to say, President Duterte as the ASEAN chairman will
have the rare privilege of setting the agenda and focusing on what our country is doing to promote peace,
security and economic prosperity for all.

This may because Thai accounting students strongly believe that a university that provides a course
curriculum for students is the most important place to develop and improve the abilities and skills. The
fourth and fifth most important factor was knowledge about international accounting standards and
occupation. It is because the new international accounting standards and regulations have been
launched a few years ago, which makes it necessary for Thai accounting students to learn and practice
more. On the other hand, other AEC language skill, knowledge about AEC member countries culture,
and political issues around AEC member countries were the less common factors affecting the
accounting education to AEC development. This may be because the Thai government, universities, and
lecturers do not pay much attention on this topic when teaching and talking to their students.

* * *

In order to increase their competitiveness in the economic and technological sector, ten countries
located in South-east Asia have been assembled as the Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
in 1976 (Department of Trade Negotiations, 2011). They consist of Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore,
Indonesia, the Philippines, Brunei Darussalam, Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, and Cambodia. One of the
main objectives of ASEAN is to develop an area for free trade and services among the ASEAN member
countries in the name of the ASEAN Economic Community (ACE) that will begin in 2015. Accounting
professionals are one of the free service areas that are part of Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRA)
in 2009. The arrangements were stated that the accounting professional service can freely move from
one to another member the ASEAN countries.