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PHY./INO. CHEMISTRY TARGET : JEE (Main + Advanced) 2016 Course : VIJETA (JP) NO. 37
PHY./INO. CHEMISTRY
TARGET : JEE (Main + Advanced) 2016
Course : VIJETA (JP)
NO. 37

This DPP is to be discussed in the week (31.08.2015 to 05.09.2015)

DPP No. # 37 (JEE-ADVANCED)

Total Marks : 73

Max. Time : 49 min.

Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.8

(3 marks, 2 min.)

[24, 16]

Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.9 to Q.11

(4 marks, 2 min.)

[12, 06]

Comprehension ('–1' negative marking) Q.12 to Q.14

(3 marks, 2 min.)

[09,

06]

Single Integer type Questions ('–1' negative marking) Q.15 to Q.18

(4

marks 3 min.)

[16, 12]

Double Integer type Questions ('–1' negative marking) Q.19

(4

marks 3 min.)

[04, 03]

Match the Following

(no negative marking) Q.20

(8

marks, 6 min.)

[08, 06]

  • 1. A + H 2 O



B + HCl

B + H 2 O



C + HCl

Compound (A), (B) and (C) will be respectively :

 
 

;kSfxd (A), (B) o (C) Øe'k% gksxs :

(A)

PCl 5 , POCl 3 , H 3 PO 3

 

(B*) PCl 5 , POCl 3 , H 3 PO 4

(C)

SOCl 2 , POCl 3 , H 3 PO 3

(D) PCl 3 , POCl 3 , H 3 PO 4

Sol.

(B) PCI 5 + H 2 O  POCI 3 + 2HCI

 

(A)

(B)

POCI 3 + 3H 2 O  H 3 PO 4 + 3HCI

 

(B)

(C)

  • 2. Select the incorrect reaction(s) :

 
 

xyr vfHkfØ;kvksa dk p;u dhft;s&

(A)

K 2 Cr 2 O 7 (s) + 4NaCl(s) + 3H 2 SO 4 (conc.) ¼lkUnz½  2CrO 2 Cl 2 + 2Na 2 SO 4 + K 2 SO 4 + 3H 2 O

(B)

K 2 Cr 2 O 7 (s) + 6K(s) + 7H 2 SO 4 (conc.) ¼lkUnz½  3I 2 + Cr 2 (SO 4 ) 3 + 4K 2 SO 4 + 7H 2 O

(C*) MnO 2 (s) + NaCl(s) + 2H 2 SO 4 (conc.) ¼lkUnz½  NaHSO 4 + MnSO 4 + HCl + H 2 O + 1/2O 2

(D)

KI(s) + H 3 PO 4 (conc.) ¼lkUnz½  HI + KH 2 PO 4

 
  • 3. Which of the following statement (s) is/are incorrect ?

 

(A*) Ammonia is oxidised to NO 2 by oxygen at 800 0 C in presence of a catalyst platinum.

(B)

Nitric acid on standing slowly turns yellow.

 

(C)

Colloidal sulphur is formed when H 2 S gas is passed through nitric acid solution.

(D)

N 2 O 3 gas dissolves in water giving a pale blue solution.

 

fuEu es a ls dkSulk@dkSuls dFku vlR; gS ? (A*) 800 0 C rki ij] IysVhue mRizsjd dh mifLFkfr es a veksfu;k] O 2 ds }kjk NO 2 es a vkWDlhd`r gksrh gSA

(B)

ukbVªhd vEy j[kus ij /khjs&/khjs ihyk gks tkrk gSA

 

(C)

H 2 S xSl dks ukbVªhd vEy foy;u ls izokghr djus ij dksykbMy lYQj curh gSA

(D)

N 2 O 3 xSl ty es a foys; gksdj] gYdk uhyk foy;u nsrk gSA

 

4.

'V 1 ' ml of an aqueous urea solution having osmotic pressure as 2.4 atm is mixed with 'V 2 ' ml of another

aqueous urea solution having osmotic pressure as 4.6 atm at same temperature. What will be value of

V

1

V

2

if resulting solution after mixing has osmotic pressure as 2.95 atm.

leku rki ij ,d tyh; ;wfj;k foy;u] ftldk ijklj.k nkc 2.4 atm gS] ds 'V 1 ' ml vk;ru dks nwljs tyh; ;wfj;k foy;u

Sol.

ftldk ijklj.k nkc 4.6 atm gS] ds 'V 2 ' ml esa feyk;k tkrk gS rks ifj.kkeh foy;u ds fy, fefJr djus ij ifj.kkeh foy;u dk ijklj.k nkc 2.95 atm gks tkrk gSA

V

1

V

2

dk eku Kkr dhft,A ;fn

  • (A) (B) 1.5

1

(C) 2

(D*) 3

R

2.4V

1

4.6V

2

=

V

1

V

2

= 2.95 atm (assume temperature constant) (eku rki fu;r gSA)

  • V 1

  • V 2

= 3.

  • 5. STATEMENT-1 : NO(s) is a neutral oxide, diamagnetic and is not an acid anhydride. STATEMENT-2 : NO as a ligand is a three electron donor and paramagnetic in gaseous state.

    • (A) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is a correct explanation for Statement-1.

(B*) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for Statement-1

  • (C) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is False

  • (D) Statement-1 is False, Statement-2 is True

dFku-1 : NO(Bksl) ,d mnklhu izfrpqEcfd; vkWDlkbM gS rFkk ;g ,d vEy ,ugkbMªkbM ugha gSA dFku-2 : NO xSlh; voLFkk esa gS rFkk vuqpqEcfd;] rhu bysDVªkWu nkrk fyxs.M gSA

  • (A) dFku&1 lR; gS] dFku&2 lR; gS ; dFku&2, dFku&1 dk lgh Li"Vhdj.k gSA

(B*) dFku&1 lR; gS] dFku&2 lR; gS ; dFku&2, dFku&1 dk lgh Li"Vhdj.k ugha gSA

Sol.

  • (C) dFku&1 lR; gS] dFku&2 vlR; gS ;

  • (D) dFku&1 vlR; gS] dFku&2 lR; gS

Both statement are correct but not correct explanation NO solid is dimerised so diamagnetic O=N – N=O (s) but gasesous form is paramagnetic.

nksuks dFku lgh gS ijUrq f}rh; dFku izFke dFku fd lgh O;k[;k ugh djrk gSA Bksl NO ,d f}yd gS ¼f}yfdd`r gks tkrk gS½ blfy, izfrpqEcfd; gS (O=N – N=O (s)) ysfdu xSlh; voLFkk esa ;g vuqpqEcfd; gSA

  • 6. S 1 : Calcium carbide reacts with nitrogen gas at 1100 0 Cto form a fertilizer, nitrolim. 1100 0 Crki ij dSfY'k;e dkckZbM ds lkFk ukbVªkstu xSl fØ;k dj ukbVªksfy;e moZjd cukrh gSA S 2 : (C) All the elements of nitrogen family are polyatomic.

ukbVªkstu ifjokj ds lHkh rRo cgqijek.kfod gksrs gSA

S 3 : The melting point of antimony is less than arsenic.

,UVheuh dk xyukad vklZ sfud dh rqyuk esa de gksrk gSA

Hint :

Hint :

(A*) T T T

(B) T F T

(C) F T T

S 3 : Avalability of electrons for metallic bonding .

S 3 : /kkfRod ca/k ds fy, bysDVªkWu dh miyC/krk de gksrh gSA

(D) T F F

7.

  • (A) Dry ammonia gas can be obtained by passing it through a U-tube containing anhydrous calcium chloride.

  • (B) The brown ring test for nitrates depends on the ability of Fe 2+ to reduce nitrates to nitric oxide which then

reacts with Fe 2+ to form a brown coloured complex.

  • (C) Metals like chromium, aluminimum dissolves in concentrated nitric acid (80%).

(A*) F T F

(B) T F T

(C) F T T

(D) T F F

  • (A) futZyh; dSfY'k;e DyksjkbM ;qDr U-ufydk ls veksfu;k dks izokghr djus ij 'kq"d veksfu;k xSl izkIr gksrh gSA

  • (B) Hkwjh oy; ifj{k.k Fe 2+ dh ukbVª SV ds ukbVªhd vkWDlkbM es a vip;u dh {kerk ij fuHkZj djrk gS tks fd Fe 2+ ds lkFk

vfHkd`r gksdj Hkwjh oy; ladqy cukrk gSA

  • (C) /kkrq tSls dh Øksfe;e] ,Y;qfefu;e (80%) lkanz ukbfVªd vEy es a foy;'khy gSA

(A*) F T F

(B) T F T

(C) F T T

(D) T F F

  • 8. A mixture of bauxite and coke on strongly heating to about 1800 0 C in nitrogen atmosphere gives a white compound (A). The compound (A) is readily hydrolysed in aqueous solution giving a colourless gas (X) and a white precipitate. Select the incorrect statement of gas (X).

    • (A) reduces the heated CuO to copper.

    • (B) produces white precipitate with Hg 2+ ions and black precipitate with Hg 2 2+ ions.

    • (C) decolourises pink colour of KMnO 4 with the formation of MnO 2 (black) and liberating nitrogen gas in

neutral medium. (D*) by the catalytic oxidation of gas 'X' nitrous acid is prepared (Ostwald's process).

  • (E) X gives white fumes with HCl.

yxHkx 1800 0 C rki ij ckWDlkbV rFkk dksd ds feJ.k dks ukbVªkstu ds okrkoj.k dh mifLFkfr es a xeZ djus ij ,d lQsn ;kSfxd (A) izkIr gksrk gSA ;kSfxd (A) tyh; foy;u esa rhozrk ls tyvi?kfVr gksdj ,d jaxghu xSl (X) rFkk ,d lQsn vo{ksi nsrk gSA xSl (X) ds fy, vlR; dFku dk pquko dhft,A

  • (A) xeZ CuO dks dkWij es a vipf;r djrh gSA

  • (B) Hg 2+ vk;u ds lkFk 'osr vi{ksi rFkk Hg 2 2+ vk;u ds lkFk dkyk vo{ksi nsrh gSA

  • (C) MnO 2 (dkys) ds fuekZ.k ds lkFk KMnO 4 ds xqykch jax dks jaxghu djrh gS] rFkk mnklhu ek/;e esa ukbVªkstu xSl mRiUu

djrh gS aA (D*) xSl 'X' ds mRiz sjdh vkWDlhdj.k ds }kjk ukbVªl vEy cuk;k tkrk gS aA ¼vkWLVokYM izØe½

Sol.

  • (E) X, HCl ds lkFk 'osr /kqze nsrk gSA

1800C

Al 2 O 3 .2H 2 O + 3C + N 2

2AlN + 3CO + 2H 2 O

(A)

2AlN + 3H 2 O  Al(OH) 3 + NH 3 (white ppt) (x)

  • (D) Reaction involed in ostwald's process :

Sol.

Pt/Rhcatalyst

4NH 3 (g) + 5O 2 (g) 4NO(g) + 6H 2 O(g)

5atm, 850ºC

NO + 1/2O 2  NO 2

;

3NO 2 + H 2 O  2HNO 3 2AlN + 3CO + 2H 2 O

1800C

Al 2 O 3 .2H 2 O + 3C + N 2

+ NO.

(A)

2AlN + 3H 2 O  Al(OH) 3 + NH 3 (white ppt) ¼'osr vo{ksi½ (x)

  • (D) vkWLVokYM izØe es a fufgr vfHkfØ;k,a fuEu gS a %

Pt/Rhcatalyst

4NH 3 (g) + 5O 2 (g) 4NO(g) + 6H 2 O(g)

5atm, 850ºC

NO + 1/2O 2  NO 2 ; 3NO 2 + H 2 O  2HNO 3 + NO.

  • 9. A mixture of two inorganic salts give following chemical reactivity.

    • (i) Mixture on reaction with dilute H 2 SO 4 and zinc dust produces a colourless and unpleasant gas which

turns acidified lead acetate solution black. (ii) Mixture on reaction with concentrated. H 2 SO 4 gives reddish brown gas which does not produce orange red

spots on starch paper. (iii) The mixture gives white precipitate with barium chloride solution which is soluble in dilute HCl. (iv) The sodium carbonate extract of mixture responds to brown rings test. The mixture contains :

(A*) SO 3 2 and NO 3 anions

(C*) SO 3 2 and NO 2 anions

(B)

S 2 and NO 3 anions

(D) SO 3 2 and Br– anions

nks vdkcZfud yo.kks a dk feJ.k fuEufyf[kr jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k,a nsrk gSA

 

(i)

feJ.k] ruq H 2 SO 4 rFkk ftad pw.kZ ds lkFk vfHkfØ;k dj jaxghu rFkk v:fpdj xSl mRiUu djrk gS] tks vEyhd`r ysM

,lhVsV foy;u dks dkyk djrh gSA

 

(ii) feJ.k lkanz H 2 SO 4 ds lkFk yky] Hkwjh xSl nsrk gS tks fd LVkpZ i=k ij ukjaxh] yky /kCcs mRiUu ugha djrh gSA

 

(iii) feJ.k csfj;e DyksjkbM foy;u ds lkFk lQsn vo{ksi nsrk gSA tksfd ruq HCl es a foys; gSA

(iv) feJ.k dk lksfM;e dkcks ZusV fu"d"kZ Hkwjh oy; ijh{k.k nsrk gSA

(A*) SO 3 2 rFkk NO 3 _. (C*) SO 3 2 rFkk NO 2 _.

kk;u

kk;u

(B) S 2 rFkk NO 3 _.

(D)

SO 3 2 rFkk Br– _.

kk;u

kk;u

Hint.

(i)

SO 3 2 + 3Zn + 8H +



H 2 S

+ 3Zn 2+ + 3H 2 O

 

H 2 S + Pb (CH 3 COO) 2  PbS (black) + 2CH 3 COOH

 

(iii)

SO 3 2

+

Ba 2+  BaSO 3 (white)

 
 

SO 3 2 + 2H +  SO 2 + H 2 O

 

(ii)

4NO 3 +

2H 2 SO 4

 4NO 2 + O 2 + SO 4 2 + 2H 2 O

 

(iv)

As does not produce orange red spots on starch paper, it can not be Br 2 . So the anion is NO 3 . 2NO 3 + 4H 2 SO 4 + 6Fe 2+  6Fe 3+ + 2NO + 4SO 4 2 + 4H 2 O

 

Fe 2+ + 5H 2 O + NO  [Fe(H 2 O) 5 NO] 2+ .

 

10.

KBr + MnO 2 + H 2 SO 4 (conc.) KHSO 4 + MnSO 4 + H 2 O + [X] (unbalanced equation) (A*) X turns starch paper orange red

 

(B)

X with AgNO 3 solution gives a pale yellow ppt which is completely soluble in dilute ammonium hydroxide.

(C*) X produces violet colour in organic layer in KI solution (D*) X is liberated when a mixture of KBr, K 2 Cr 2 O 7 and conc. H 2 SO 4 is heated KBr + MnO 2 + H 2 SO 4 (lkUnz) KHSO 4 + MnSO 4 + H 2 O + [X] (vlarqfyr lehdj.k)

 

(A*) X, LVkpZ i=k dks ukjaxh yky dj nsrk gSA

 

(B)

X, AgNO 3 foy;u ds lkFk xgjk ihyk vo{ksi nsrk gS tksfd ruq veksfu;e gkbMªksDlkbM esa iw.kZr;k ?kqyu'khy gSA

(C*) X, KI foy;u es a dkcZfud ijr ij cS axuh jax mRiUu djrk gSA

 

(D*) KBr, K 2 Cr 2 O 7 rFkk lkUnz

H 2 SO 4 ds feJ.k dks xeZ djus ij X eqDr gksrh gSA

Sol.

2KBr + MnO 2 + 3H 2 SO 4  2KHSO 4 + MnSO 4 + 2H 2 O + Br 2 (X)

(A)

Br 2 + starch  starch bromine adsorption complex (orange red)

(C)

2K+ Br 2 2KBr + 2 (violet) soluble in organic layer ..

(D)

K 2 Cr 2 O 7 + 6KBr + 7H 2 SO 4  3Br 2 + Cr 2 (SO 4 ) 3 + 4K 2 SO 4 + 7H 2 O

(B)

AgBr ppt. (pale yellow) is only partially soluble in NH 4 OH

gy&

2KBr + MnO 2 + 3H 2 SO 4 2KHSO 4 + MnSO 4 + 2H 2 O + Br 2 (X)

(A)

Br 2 + LVkpZ  LVkpZ czksehu vf/k'kks"k.k ladqy (ukjaxh yky)

(C)

2K+ Br 2 2KBr + 2 (cS axuh) dkcZfud ijr esa foy;'khy

(D)

K 2 Cr 2 O 7

+ 6KBr + 7H 2 SO 4  3Br 2

+ Cr 2 (SO 4 ) 3 + 4K 2 SO 4 + 7H 2 O

(B)

AgBr dk vo{ksi (ihyk) dsoy NH 4 OH esa vkaf'kd foys; gSA

11.

Which of the following is/are not correctly matched ?

 

(A)

[Co(PMe 3 ) 4 ] - sp 3 and one unpaired electron.

(B)

[Ni(en) 3 ](NO 2 ) 2 - sp 3 d 2 and two unpaired electrons.

(C*) [V (NH 3 ) 6 ]Cl 3 - sp 3 d 2 and two unpaired electrons.

(D*) [Mn (NO + ) 3 (CO)] - sp 3 and two unpaired electrons.

fuEu es a ls dkSulk@dkSuls fodYi lgh lqesfyr ugha gS@gS a ?

(A) [Co(PMe 3 ) 4 ] - sp 3 rFkk ,d v;qfXer bysDVªksu (B) [Ni(en) 3
(A)
[Co(PMe 3 ) 4 ] - sp 3 rFkk ,d v;qfXer bysDVªksu
(B)
[Ni(en) 3 ](NO 2 ) 2 - sp 3 d 2 rFkk nks v;qfXer bysDVªksu
(C*) [V (NH 3 ) 6 ]Cl 3 - sp 3 d 2 rFkk nks v;qfXer bysDVªksu
(D*) [Mn (NO + ) 3 (CO)] - sp 3 rFkk nks v;qfXer bysDVªksu
Sol.
(A) [Co(PMe 3 ) 4 ]
(B)
[Ni(en) 3 ] 2+
(C)
[V (NH 3 ) 6 ] 3+
(D)
[Mn 3– (NO + ) 3 (CO)]
(A)
[Co(PMe 3 ) 4 ]
(B)
[Ni(en) 3 ] 2+
(C)
[V (NH 3 ) 6 ] 3+
(D)
[Mn 3– (NO + ) 3 (CO)]

Paragraph for Question Nos. 12 to 14

iz'u 12 ls 14 ds fy, vuqPNsn

Bond length is the average distance between the nuclei of the two atoms held by a bond. This represents the internuclear distance corresponding to minimum potential energy for the system. Main factors which affects the bond length are given below :

(1) Multiple bonds are shorter than corresponding single bonds. (2) Sometimes single bond distance are some what larger than sum of their respective covalent radii of bonded atoms (e.g. F 2 ). It is due to strong repulsive interaction between the lone pair electrons on adjacent atoms. (3) Some time, single bond distances are decreased due to bond acquiring some double bond character by resonance.

cU/k yEckbZ] fdlh cU/k }kjk cfU/kr nks ijek.kqvksa ds ukfHkdksa ds e/; dh vkSlr nwjh gksrh gSA ;g ra=k ds fy, U;wure fLFkfrt

ÅtkZ ds laxr esa vUrjukfHkdh; nwjh dks iznf'kZr djrh gSA cU/k yEckbZ dks dks izHkkfor djus okys eq[; dkjd fuEu gaS %

(1) cgqcU/k yEckbZ mUgh ijek.kqvks a ds e/; ,dy cU/k yEckbZ dh rqyuk es a de gksrh gSA

(2) dqN mnkgj.kks a (tSls F 2 ) esa la;qXeh ijek.qkvksa ij izcy ",dy ;qXe&,dy ;qXe" izfrd"kZ.k ds dkj.k cU/k yEckbZ dk eku

nksuks a ijek.kqvks a dh lgla;kstd f=kT;kvksa ds ;ksx ls vf/kd gksrk gSA

(3) dqN mnkgj.kks a esa ,dy cU/k dh yEckbZ vuqukn ds dkj.k vkaf'kd f}cU/k y{k.k mRiUu gksus dh otg ls de gks tkrh

gSA

  • 12. Which is not true about the N—N bond length among the following species :

(I)

H 2 N—NH 2

(II) N 2

(A)

N—N bond length is shortest in II.

(III)

N 2 H 2

(IV) N 3

(B*) N—N bond length in I is shorter than that in III.

(C)

(D)

N—N bond length in IV is shorter than that in III.

N—N bond length in IV is intermediate between II and III.

fuEu nh xbZ Lihf'kt es a N—N cU/k yEckbZ ds fy, vlR; dFku NkafV, %

Sol.

Sol.

(I)

H 2 N—NH 2

(A)

N—N cU/k

(C)

N—N cU/k

yEckbZ

yEckbZ

(II) N 2

II es a U;wure gSA

IV es a] III ls de gSA

(III) N 2 H 2

(IV)

N 3

(B*) N—N cU/k yEckbZ I es]a III ls de gSA

(D) N—N cU/k yEckbZ IV es a] II o III dh e/;orhZ gksrh gSA

(I) H 2 N – NH 2

(II) N N

(III) H – N = N – H

(iv) [N N N]

[N = N N]

N – N bond length in I is longer than in III.

(I) H 2 N – NH 2

(II) N N

(III) H – N = N – H

I es a N – N caèk yEckbZ III ls c<+h gSA

(iv)

[N

N

N]

[N = N N]

  • 13. In which of the following case central atom - F bond has partial double bond character : fuEu es a ls fdl mnkgj.k es a "dsUnzh; ijek.kq - F" ds cU/k es a] vkaf'kd f}&cU/k ds vfHky{k.k gSA

Sol.

(A)

NF 3

(B) CF 4

In BF 3 due to back bonding.

BF 3 es a i'p caèku ds dkj.kA

(C*) BF 3

(D) OF 2

  • 14. The correct order about of C—O bond length is C—O cU/k yEckbZ ds fy, fuEu es a ls dkSulk Øe lgh gS %

Sol.

(I)

CO

(A)

II < I < III

(II) CO 2

(B) III < II < I

Bond order Bond Length

caèk Øe caèk yEckbZ

(i)

C O

(ii) O = C = O

(iii)

cU/k yEckbZ] fdlh cU/k }kjk cfU/kr nks ijek.kqvksa ds ukfHkdksa ds e/; dh vkSlr nwjh gksrh

(III) CO 3

2–

(C*) I < II < III

(D) I < III < II

  • 15. In the disproportionation reaction of NaOH with one molecule of P 4 , number of molecules of NaOH reacting

Ans.

Sol.

are

.

P 4 ds ,d v.kq dh] NaOH ds lkFk fo"kekuqikru vfHkfØ;k esa] NaOH ds fdrus v.kq vfHkd`r gksrs gS \

.

3

P 4 + 3NaOH + 3H 2 O  PH 3 + 3NaH 2 PO 2

  • 16. Hybridisation state of Xe and number of lone pair of electron in Xe in XeO 3 , XeO 2 F 2 , XeF 2 are sp x d a , sp y d b , sp z d c , p, q and r respectively, the sum of a + b + c + p + q + r is :

Ans.

XeO 3 , XeO 2 F 2 , XeF 2 es a Xe dh ladj.k voLFkk rFkk Xe ij ,dkdh bysDVªkWu ;qXeksa dh la[;k Øe'k% sp x d a , sp y d b , sp z d c

,

p, q o r gSA

a + b + c + p + q + r dk

;ksx

gSA

7

Sol.

Sol. a = 0, b = 1, c = 1, p = 1, q = 1,
Sol. a = 0, b = 1, c = 1, p = 1, q = 1,
Sol. a = 0, b = 1, c = 1, p = 1, q = 1,

a = 0, b = 1, c = 1,

p = 1, q = 1, r = 3

a + b + c + p + q + r

= 0 + 1

+ 1

+ 1 + 1 + 3 = 7

  • 17. NH 3 can be nearly entirely liberated on boiling which of the following aqueous solutions with NH 4 Cl? fuEu es a ls dkSuls fdrus tyh; foy;u NH 4 Cl ds lkFk mckyus ij yxHkx iw.kZ :i ls NH 3 dks eqDr djrs gS aA NaNO 2 , HNO 3 , Ca(OH) 2 , Na 2 CO 3 , NaCl, Na 3 PO 4 , CH 3 COONa

Ans.

Sol.

3

Ca(OH) 2 + 2NH 4 Cl 

2NH 3 + CaCl 2 + 2H 2 O

Na 2 CO 3 + NH 4 Cl 

NaHCO 3 + NaCl + NH 3

Na 3 PO 4 + NH 4 Cl

Na 2 HPO 4 + NaCl + NH 3

  • 18. The compressibilty factor of N 2 at 330K & 800 atm is 1.90 and at 570K & 200 atm is 1.10. A certain mass of N 2 occupies a volume of 1dm 3 at 330K and 800 atm. Calculate the volume of N 2 gas at 570K and 200 atm. N 2 dk lEihM~;rk xq.kkad 330K rFkk 800 atm ij] 1.90 gS rFkk 570K rFkk 200 atm ij 1.10 gSA 330K rFkk 800 atm ij

N 2

Ans.

Sol.

dk ,d] fuf'fpr nzO;eku] 1dm 3 vk;ru ?ksjrk gSA 570K rFkk 200 atm ij N 2 xSl ds vk;ru dh x.kuk dhft;sA

4

Z

PV

m

nRT

 

1

800

 

1.9 =

n

R

330

 

1

800

 

n =

1.9R

330

Z

1.1

V

200

 
 

nR

570

 
V  4L
V  4L
 
  • 19. Consider the equilibrium Ni(s) + 4CO(g) Ni(CO) 4 (g)

Sol. a = 0, b = 1, c = 1, p = 1, q = 1,

K

= 0.125 atm 3 .

 

p

If equal number of moles of CO and Ni(CO) 4 (ideal gases) are mixed in a small container fitted with a piston,

if the maximum total pressure is P (in cm of Hg) to which this mixture must be brought in order to just

precipitate out metallic Ni then report your answer as P/4.

fuEu lkE; dk voyksdu dhft,

Ni(s) + 4CO(g)

Ni(s) + 4CO(g) Ni(CO) (g)

Ni(CO) 4 (g)

K

= 0.125 atm 3 .

p

;fn ,d fiLVu ;qDr ,d NksVs ik=k es a CO rFkk Ni(CO) 4 (vkn'kZ xSlks a) ds eksyksa dh leku la[;k dks fefJr fd;k tkrk gS]

rc ,d vf/kdre~ dqy nkc P (cm Hg es a) gS] ftl ij /kkfRod Ni dk vo{ksi.k Bhd izkjEHk gksus yxrk gSA viuk mÙkj

P/4 ds :i es a O;Dr djs aA

Ans.

76

 

Sol.

Ni(s) + 4CO(g)

  • Ni(CO) 4 (g)

 

P

P

 

For backward reaction (i'p vfHkfØ;k ds fy,)

Q p

K

p

P

K

P

4

p

 

1

0.125 atm

-3

 

P

3

P 3 8 atm 3

P 2 atm

P Total = 2 P = 4 atm.

P = 4 × 76 cm of

Hg

P/4 = 76

  • 20. Match the column :

 

Column-I

Column-II

(Reactions)

(Type of reaction/process involved)

 

(A)

P 4 PH 3 + H 2 PO 2

(p) Hydrolysis

(B)

[B 4 O 5 (OH) 4 ] 2 B(OH) 3

(q) Addition of KOH

(C)

(CH 3 ) 2 SiCl 2 [(CH 3 ) 2 SiO] n

(r) Condensation

(D)

[Al(OH) 4 ]

Al(OH) 3

(s) Redox reaction

 

(t)

Acidificaton

 

feyku dhft,&

 

dkWye-I

dkWye-II

(vfHkfØ;k)

(vfHkfØ;k

dk izdkj@fughr

izØe)

 

(A)

P 4 PH 3 + H 2 PO 2

(p) ty vi?kVu

(B)

[B 4 O 5 (OH) 4 ] 2 B(OH) 3

(q)

KOH dk ;ksx

(C)

(CH 3 ) 2 SiCl 2 [(CH 3 ) 2 SiO] n

(r) la?kuu

(D)

[Al(OH) 4 ]

Al(OH) 3

(s) jsMkWDl vfHkfØ;k

 

(t)

vEyhdj.k

Ans.

(A - p, q, s); (B - p, t); (C - p,q, r); (D - t)

 

0

P

4

+ 3OH + 3H 2 O

Alkaline hydrolysis

3

PH

1

Sol.

(A)

3

+ 3H 2

PO

2

 

Redox reaction

 

(B)

[B 4 O 5 (OH) 4 ] 2 + 5H 2 O

[B O (OH) ] + 5H O

2B(OH) 3 + 2[B(OH) 4 ]

 

[B(OH) 4 ] + 2H 3 O + 2B(OH) 3 + 4H 2 O

 

(C)

n(CH 3 ) 2 SiCl 2

[(CH 3 ) 2 Si(OH) 2 ]  [(CH 3 ) 2 SiO] n

Hydrolysis

nH O

2

2nH

2

O/ 2nKOH

Condensation

 

dimethyl polysiloxanes are produced by hydrolysis of (CH 3 ) 2 SiCl 2 with KOH.

(D)

[Al(OH) 4 ] + H +  Al(OH) 3 + H 2 O

 

0

0  3

3

1

 

(A)

P

4

+ 3OH + 3H 2 O



PH

3

+ 3H 2

PO

2

 

jsMkWDl vfHkfØ;k

 

(B)

[B 4 O 5 (OH) 4 ] 2 + 5H 2 O

[B O (OH) ] + 5H O

2B(OH) 3 + 2[B(OH) 4 ]

 

[B(OH) 4 ] + 2H 3 O + 2B(OH) 3 + 4H 2 O

 
Column-I Column-II (Reactions) (Type of reaction/process involved) (A) P —  PH + H PO (p)
 

(C)

n(CH 3 ) 2 SiCl 2

2nH O / 2nKOH 2 
2nH O / 2nKOH
2


[(CH 3 ) 2 Si(OH) 2 ] [(CH 3 ) 2 SiO] n

nH O

2

(CH 3 ) 2 SiCl 2 ds KOH ds lkFk ty vi?kVu }kjk] MkbZesfFky ikWyhlhyksDlsu (dimethyl polysiloxanes) mRikfnr gksrk gSA

(D)

[Al(OH) 4 ] + H +  Al(OH) 3 + H 2 O