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ADDITIONAL REPORT

Aircraft Maintenance Practice-2 (MP07.04.02)


(Flight Control System)

Disusun Oleh:

Adelia Sri Ulina 151221001


Agi Karona Sitepu 151221002
Agus Setiawan 151221003
Akhmad Faozi 151221004
Angga Setiawan 151221005
Ardyansyah W. P. 151221006
Berlin Adiguan E. 151221007

Kelas: 2A-AE

JURUSAN TEKNIK MESIN


PROGRAM STUDI D3 TEKNIK AERONAUTIKA
POLITEKNIK NEGERI BANDUNG
2017

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Contents

CHAPTER 1 ....................................................................................................................... 3
INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................. 3
A. PROBLEM .............................................................................................................. 3
B. TRAINING OBJECTIVE ....................................................................................... 3
CHAPTER 2 ....................................................................................................................... 4
FUNDAMENTAL THEORY ............................................................................................. 4
A. RUDDER CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING .......................................................... 4
B. ELEVATOR CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING ..................................................... 4
C. AILERON CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING. ........................................................ 5
D. WING FLAP CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING ..................................................... 5
D. RUDDER TRIM TAB CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING ...................................... 6
F. ELEVATOR TRIM TAB CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING ................................. 7
CHAPTER 3 ..................................................................................................................... 12
ANALYSIS ....................................................................................................................... 12
A. Before Rigging ...................................................................................................... 12
B. After Rigging ........................................................................................................ 12
CHAPTER 4 ..................................................................................................................... 13
CONCLUSION ................................................................................................................. 13
REFERENCE .................................................................................................................... 14

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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

A. PROBLEM
What are the Travel-Degrees and Travel- Inches of each flight control surface
before and after rigging?
Is the aircraft flight control system in proper condition?

B. TRAINING OBJECTIVE
The trainee/student able to use relevant document, tools and equipment to
inspect flight control system, safety belt, landing gear hydraulic system, servicing
oil system, charging and test hydraulic accumulator.

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CHAPTER 2

FUNDAMENTAL THEORY

A. RUDDER CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING


To rig the rudder control system, proceed as follows:
a. Install tail stand under the tail section and secure to aircraft tail skid as outlined
in Section II.
b. Clamp a piece of flat, non-flexible steel or angle iron across both pilots rudder
pedal arms so that rudder pedals are aligned in same relative position.
c. Tighten rudder control cable turnbarrels in aft fuselage until correct cable
tension is obtained. See Figure 2-1 on this section.
d. Check rudder alignment with vertical stabilizer island and just rudder control
cable turnbarrels in aft fuselage until rudder is streamlined with stabilizer
island.
e. Remove clamp installed in step b.
f. Adjust rudder travel at rudder stops to obtain travel values shown in Figure 2-2
on this section. Rudder stops are located in aft fuselage to limit travel of rudder
torque tube arm. Adjust stops by loosening rudder-stop check nuts and turning
rudder-stop bolts as desired.
g. Tighten rudder-stop check nuts and check rudder travel and cable tension.
h. Safety turnbarrels and inspect rudder cable system.

B. ELEVATOR CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING


Attach all elevator control cables to bellcranks, as shown in Figure 2-3 on this
section, and adjust the elevator aft push-.pull rods to lengths of 11. 75 inches. This
measurement is from centerline to centerline of rod end fittings. Attach aft push-
pull rods between aft transfer tube assembly and elevator torque tube arms.
a. Synchronize elevators by adjustment of elevator torque tubes push-pull rods.
b. Adjust elevator mechanical stops forward of forward transfer tube and elevator
control cables to obtain correct tension and travel as shown in Figures 2.2 on
this section and 2-1 on this section.

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c. Attach push-pull rods between forward transfer tube and control column arm,
and with elevators in neutral, adjust length of push-pull rods to give a 3-degree
forward pitch to control columns.
d. Install elevator bungee springs and safety all control cable turnbarrels.

C. AILERON CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING


Center the aileron control cable on the aileron cable drum located below the floor
structure between the pilot and copilot seats. Start all turnbarrels on control cable
end two turns and attach cables to aileron bellcranks located in the wing (see
Figure 2-4 on this section). Before proceeding with the following adjustment:
a. Adjust length of aileron control rod to 14. 65 inches, measuring from center to
center of rod end fittings, and attach to aileron bellcrank and aileron.
b. Streamline trailing edge of aileron with trailing edge of wing and outboard Hap
and secure in this position with a temporary lock. This will position bell-crank
in neutral position.
c. Adjust aileron control cable turnbarrels, accessible in baggage compartment, so
that mechanical stop lug on aileron cable drum is centered in aft position.
Adjust control cable to tension specified in (Figure 2-1 on this section).
d. Adjust stops at aileron cable drum to obtain correct aileron travel. Minor
adjustments can be made by adjusting control rod between aileron bell-crank
and aileron.
e. Rig control column to aileron cable drum by adjusting control column chain-
cable assembly. Control wheels should be centered when ailerons are in neutral
position.
f. Check turnbarrels for safety and unobstructed travel and that all pulley cable
guard pins are in place.

D. WING FLAP CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING


To rig the wing flap control system, proceed as follows:
a. Rig left inboard flap first. Install control cable around left inboard flap sheave
and master sheave. Adjust cable to required tension as shown in Figure 2-2 on
this section.

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b. Adjust flap actuating cylinder piston rod end fitting so that control cable
turnbarrels are equidistant from master sheave cable grooves. Control cable
turnbarrel terminals must not ride into pulley grooves when flap is moved from
full up to full down.
c. Adjust inboard flap push-pull rods to a length of 7. 70 ( 0. 05 ) inches,
measuring from center to center of rod end fittings.
d. Adjust outboard flap push-pull rods to 6. 60 ( 0. 05 ) inches.
e. Attach left inboard push-pull rod to flap sheave and flap and raise flap to the
full up position with hydraulic pressure. Adjust left inboard flap control cable
turnbarrels as necessary to bring left inboard flap into firm contact with top
wing and nacelle skin extending over fuselage and nacelle closing ribs. Re-
check control cable tension and that control cable turnbarrel terminals
adequately clear master sheave cable grooves.
f. Attach push-pull rod to left outboard flap sheave and flap. With flaps in full up
position, adjust left outboard flap control cable turnbarrels to bring flap firmly
against skin extending over outboard nacelle closing rib.
g. To synchronize right fuselage sheave to master sheave, adjust connecting push-
pull rod length to 26. 75 inches, measuring from center to center of rod end
fittings.
h. With right fuselage sheave correctly positioned, rig right inboard and outboard
flaps as outlined for the left flaps in steps a. through f.
i. After initial adjustments are complete, adjust as necessary to obtain dimensions
as shown in Figure 2-2 on this section.

D. RUDDER TRIM TAB CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING


Whenever it is necessary to replace or rig the rudder trim tab control cables (see
Figure 2-5 on this section), proceed as follows:
a. Place stop on forward control cable in cable drum detent and wrap cable
around drum three turns either side of detent.
b. Route control cable ends aft through cable pulleys and fair leads to station 252.
00 and secure temporarily to prevent cable unwinding from drum. Control

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cable ends should be equidistant from cable drum when cable is properly
wound.
c. Rotate rudder trim tab drive sprocket in aft fuselage until rudder trim tab is
streamlined with rudder.
d. Attach aft control cables to ends of roller chain.
e. Position roller chain on trim tab drive sprocket until cable ends are equidistant
from sprocket.
f. Route aft control cables forward through cable pulleys and fairleads and attach
to forward control cable turnbuckles.
g. Tighten control cable turnbarrels until correct cable tension shown in Figure 2-
2 on this section is obtained. Safety turnbarrels.
h. Check rudder trim tab travel limits shown in Figure 2-2 on his section.
i. Check to assure that control cable stop does not rotate out of drum detent in
either the nose right or nose left position and that the trim tab travels in the
proper direction. When the trim tab control wheel is rotated to obtain nose
right, the trim tab should hinge left. For nose left condition, the opposite will
be true.
j. The rudder trim tab should travel an equal distance both right and left from
streamlined position, which is accomplished by changing length of rudder trim
tab push-pull rod. After adjustment, check rod end threads for adequate
engagement.

F. ELEVATOR TRIM TAB CONTROL SYSTEM RIGGING


When it is necessary to replace or rig the elevator trim tab cables, use the
following procedure. See Figure 2-6 on this section.
a. Place stop on forward control cable in cable drum detent and wrap cable
around drum; three turns on right side of detent, two turns on left side.
b. Route control cable ends aft through cable pulleys and fair leads to station
252.00 and secure temporarily to prevent cable unwinding from drum. Control
cable ends should be equidistant from cable drum when cable is properly
wound.

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c. Rotate elevator trim tab drive sprockets in aft fuselage until elevator trim tabs
are streamlined.
d. Attach aft control cables to ends of roller chains.
e. Position roller chains on elevator trim tab drive sprockets until cable ends are
equidistant from sprockets.
f. Route aft control cables forward through cable pulleys and fairleads and attach
to forward control cable turnbuckles. See Figure 2-6 on this section.
g. Tighten control cable turnbarrels until correct cable tension is obtained and
safety the turnbarrels. See Figure 2-2 on this section.
h. Rotate elevator trim tab control wheel (trim tabs up) until correct trim tab
travel is obtained. See Figure 2-2 on this section.
i. Assure cable stop does not rotate out of cable drum detent in either nose up or
nose down position. If this occurs, the drum is improperly wound. When the
trim tab control wheel is rotated to obtain nose up, the trim tabs should hinge
down. For nose down condition the opposite will be true.
j. Install stop bolt through upper chain in link nearest trim tab drive sprocket.
k. Rotate elevator trim tab control wheel (trim tabs down) until correct trim tab
travel is obtained. See Figure 2-2 on this section.
l. Install stop bolt through lower chain in link nearest trim tab drive sprocket.
m. Check trim tab travel limits.
n. Cotterpin and safety all hardware.

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Figure 2-1 .Cable Tension/ Temperature Conversion Graph

Figure 2-2 .Control Surface Travel

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Figure 2-3. Elevator Control System

Figure 2-4. Aileron Control System

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Figure 2-5. Rudder Trim Tab Control System

Figure 2-6. Elevator Trim Tab Control System

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CHAPTER 3

ANALYSIS

A. Before Rigging
Table 3-1. Condition before rigging

Flight Control Surface


Travel Degrees Travel Inches
left : 25 left : 9.06 Inches
Rudder
Right : 27 Right : 10.24 Inches
Up : 35 Up : 7.75 Inches
Elevator
Down : 22 Down : 6.125 Inches
Up : 20 Up : 4.21 Inches
Right
Down : 13 Down : 3.34
Aileron
Up : 25 Up : 5.55 Inches
Left
Down : 14 Down : 3.7 Inches
Flaps- Inboard Down : 41 Down : 13.6 Inches
Flaps- Outboard Down : 41 Down : 11.4 Inches
Up : 0 Up : 0 Inches
Elevator - Trim Tab
Down : 0 Down : 0 Inches
Left : 0 Left : 0 Inches
Rudder - Trim Tab
Right : 24 Right : 1 Inches

B. After Rigging
Table 3-2. Condition After Rigging

Flight Control Surface


Travel Degrees Travel Inches
left : 26 left : 9.4 Inches
Rudder
Right : 28 Right : 10.5 Inches
Up : 36 Up : 8 Inches
Elevator
Down : 24 Down : 6.6 Inches
Up : 21 Up : 4.5 Inches
Right
Down : 14 Down : 3.6 Inches
Aileron
Up : 25 Up : 5.6 Inches
Left
Down : 15 Down : 3.8 Inches
Flaps- Inboard Down : 41 Down : 13.6 Inches
Flaps- Outboard Down : 41 Down : 11.4 Inches
Up : 0 Up : 0 Inches
Elevator - Trim Tab
Down : 0 Down : 0 Inches
Left : 0 Left : 0 Inches
Rudder - Trim Tab
Right : 24 Right : 1 Inches

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CHAPTER 4

CONCLUSION

The Travel-Degrees and Travel-Inches of each flight control surface of Aero


Grand Commander Aircraft are shown in Table 3-1 and Table 3-2. From those
tables, it can be seen that all flight controls are in proper condition except for flap
inboard, flap outboard, rudder trim tab and elevator trim tab. It is because the
cables of both trim tab are broken.

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REFERENCE

AMM Grand Commander 680 FL section VII Flight Control


Aircraft Maintenance Practice-2 Module Number : MP07.04.04

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