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Luyn nghe ting Anh qua video VOA Unit 8

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New York City Celebrates Its Thnh ph New York t chc k


/selbret,s/

400th Anniversary /nvrsri/ nim 400 nm tui

It is hard to believe that New York Tht kh tin rng thnh ph New York

City was once a small Dutch trc y l mt khu nh c nh ca

settlement. /setlmnt/
ngi H Lan.

An old document shows that Dutch Mt vn bn c cho thy nhng ngi


// nh c H Lan thc s y v
settlers did, in fact, pay for this land.
thc t l b tin ra mua vng t
ny.
The document can be seen at the
/sa/ /siprt/ /mjuzim/ Mi ngi c th xem vn bn ny
citys South Street Seaport Museum.
pha Nam hi cng bo tng South Street Seaport.

Martin Berense is head of the Martin Berense l gim c cc vn


Netherlands National Archives. th quc gia H Lan.

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Luyn nghe ting Anh qua video VOA Unit 8

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He says the letter tells about a ship ng ni bc th ni v mt chuyn tu


arriving in Amsterdam. cp cng Amsterdam.

The ships operator said, The Nhn vin vn hnh tu ni, vic nh
settlement is going well. And, we c ang tin trin tt. V, chng ti
/alnd/
bought the island of Manhattan for mua o Manhattan vi gi 60 gunn
sixty guilders. (tin H Lan).
/lon/
The letter is on loan for New Yorks Bc th ang c cho mn phc

four hundredth anniversary. v cho l k nim 400 nm thnh ph


New York.

Berendse ni rng bc th cp n
Berendse says the letter tells about
khu nh c m sau ny tr thnh New
the settlement, which became New
York.
York.
Bo tng cng c mt bn ca khu
The museum also has a map of the nh c.
settlement.
Mt bn khc cho thy mc nh
Another map shows just how small b ca Manhattan trc y.
Manhattan was.
iu ny thay i khi Anh Quc
That changed when Britain took nm quyn kim sot.
control.
/hstrin/ Nh s hc Barry Lewis ni rng ngi
Historian Barry Lewis says the Anh lp y mt phn sng ng
/ist/
British filled in part of the East River bng rc thi v h cn nhiu t hn.
with waste because more land was
needed.
BARRY LEWIS: Chng ta ch c
BARRY LEWIS: We had only about khong 100 nghn ngi vo u th k
one hundred thousand people at the 19.

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Luyn nghe ting Anh qua video VOA Unit 8

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/sentri/
beginning of the nineteenth century.

By 1875, the population of n nm 1875, dn s ca Manhattan


Manhattan is over one-million l trn 1 triu ngi.
people.

By 1910, over two million people are


n nm 1910, hn 2 triu ngi ang
living in Manhattan island.
sng o Manhattan.
The Brooklyn Bridge was built in Cu Brooklyn c xy dng nm
eighteen eighty-three so people could 1883 v th ngi dn c th chuyn
move to Long Island, where land was n Long Island, ni t ai t t
less costly. hn.
Lewis says people crossed the East Lewis ni rng ngi dn i qua sng
/krd/
River by carriage or boat. Or they ng bng xe nga hoc thuyn. Hoc
walked across the bridge. h i b qua cu

He says New Yorks underground ng ni tu in ngm New York dn


trains led to the development of land n s m rng t ai ra xa trung tm
in areas far from the center of the thnh ph.
city.

Many businesses needed to be in Nhiu hot ng kinh doanh thng


Manhattan. mi cn din ra Manhattan.

So developers started building up, V vy, nhng nh pht trin bt u


creating the skyscraper. pht trin xy dng, to ra cc ta nh
/skaskrepr/
chc tri.

BARRY LEWIS: People were afraid Mi ngi lo s ta nh s sp

it would fall down in the first trong cn gi bo u tin

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Luyn nghe ting Anh qua video VOA Unit 8

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windstorm. /wndstrm/

And anyone who had property in the V bt c ai c bt ng sn trong cc


commercial buildings next to it, they ta nh thng mi k bn cnh, h
were terrified that no one would rent cng lo s rng khng ai s thu
in their buildings because that thing trong cc ta nh ca mnh v nh chc
was next door. tri ngay lin k.
But more and more skyscrapers were Nhng ngy cng c nhiu hn cc ta
built. Each one was higher than the nh chc tri c xy dng. Ci sau
next. cao hn ci trc.

Lewis says the big reason for so Lewis ni l do ln cho vic xy dng
many skyscrapers was money. nhiu ta nh chc tri l tin.

He says New York was built by ng ni New York c xy dng


investments in land. bi nhng khon u t vo t ai.

That is not why everything was built. khng phi l l do duy nht
ngi ta xy dng mi th.

Some structures have improved the Mt s cng trnh ci thin din mo

look of the city. ca thnh ph.

Two examples are the Washington Hai v d trong s l cng vm cng

Square Arch and the Guggenheim vin Washington Square v bo tng

Museum. Guggenheim.

But money is still important on the


/treding/
island that began as a trading center Nhng tin vn rt quan trng trn o

four centuries ago. khi ni y bt u tr thnh trung tm


thng mi 400 nm trc.

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Luyn nghe ting Anh qua video VOA Unit 8

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The area the Dutch settled is now Khu vc ngi H Lan nh c gi y


Wall Street, the worlds financial l ph Wall, trung tm ti chnh ca th
capital. gii.

Im Steve Ember. Ti l Steve Ember.

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