Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 200

1

6-31

1. 1. : 15 .

1.1 ggbspuijrqbzqqvs

q 2ql2

l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 gyqikiwktyjnxvtd

2q q

l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1
1.3 ltsucjkdjaufttls

2ql2
q

l l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 ucsqmlpwymrsqpej

ql ql

l 2l 2l 2l

:
1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

1.5 ymrjpakkgderwoly

q ql2

2ql
2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

2
1.6 blsrhrdzjuondvmq

q 2ql2

ql2

l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 wfohqulvlhjxfqzr

ql
l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

3
1.8 qyauxkolyshlivho

F
2l
A

2l

C l B

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 ofdzaphjmnzleicc

r
F
F
A
C

:
1. ;
2. M.

4
1.10 watkmsdudmplayaf

l l
2ql
2ql

l q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 afrhpeupqyxsbhob

2l

2l

l
2ql

:
1. ;
2. .

5
1.12 znsdhwpxhpvhvyhb

F
l

2F

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 1. : 59 .
-,
2.1 pqujfkidcjkrllqz

E1 , A 1 , l 1 E2 , A 2 , l 2

a1 a2

, ,
. F .
F .
: l1 = 100, l2 = 100, E1 = E2 = 2105 , a1 = 2a, a2 = a, A1 = 1002 , A2 = 2002 ,
[nT ] = 2, = 300.

6
2.2 uhajehyapuywvolm

A C A
A

F1 F2

l C l l

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: F1 = F , F2 = F , A = 4002 , l = 300, E = 2 105 , = 200.

2.3 vrsduvnfmzqdyuxg

2M M III
I II I-I III-III
II-II

I II III
2l
 21 D a=d  12 D
3l
4l D = 2d = 0.208 D = 2d
= 0.141
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. ;
4. .
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20.

7
3. 1. : 915 .

3.1 gkbfkrajnwxzifvz

10

2ql2 8239
2q
10

A B C

l l ql

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 700, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. C, C (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 yuumzhlplkjiqepb

a
a

5a F

4a

:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .
: a = 20, F = 120, = 300.

8

2
6-31

1. 2. : 15 .

1.1 vlxwvksskayfaxeu

q
l1 = l; l2 = 2l; l3 = 2l

3ql

l1 l2 l3

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 jkntsexifderaaml

q ql2

l l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

9
1.3 wtdbtagnsxhrarbn

2ql ql
l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 tsjcxnhonhbzafvt

2ql ql

l l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 mjdabbisbatpmnhv

2ql2
q

ql
2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

10
1.6 tweuwfasyiplstmt

q ql2

l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 vlvwissdixmfqj

q q

2l l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

11
1.8 lfplxounzmgmfbir

F
l B

C
2l

F
A

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 ewimpaqxxcdolnzr

r 2F

A
C

F D

:
1. ;
2. M.

12
1.10 koqecqridwjlogpl

l l
2ql ql

l 2q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 baprynuccgpbxsmm

2q

l
ql2

1. ;
2. .

13
1.12 qoahxdehpsoeedge

2l

F
l

2F

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 2. : 59 .
-,
2.1 ydgszvkwnwjxnx

l1 , A 1 l2 , A 2 l3 , A 3

1. F ;
2. N , , w;
3. .

: E = 2 105 , A1 = 1002 , A2 = 2002 , A3 = 2002 , l1 = 200, l2 = 100,


l3 = 200, [n ] = 2, = 300.

14
2.2 uvazcqsquwtbbmzf

A
l l

a
1
2a 2l

C F
1
A 2l

- :
1. F ;
2. ;

3. C.
: l = 500, A = 3002 , E = 1 105 , = 160.

2.3 skcrgmnujxrwvorq

M 2M III
I II II-II
I-I III-III

2d
I II III
l
3l d d
a=d
4l
5l = 0.246
= 0.229

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20, n = 2.

15
3. 2. : 915 .

3.1 qsjafdbgpaljsw

ql2
q

A B C D 8240
()
14
l l l
20

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 1500, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. D, vD (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 jcyxwhvodqcvhsla

5
2F l
l
F
Fl 8239
10
2l

l
F 60

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 200, F = 2, = 320.

16

3
6-31

1. 3. : 15 .

1.1 ujxamzhcztlspxcs

q 3ql2

2l 3l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 pevdimgdtyotvjct

ql

l 2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

17
1.3 ptqrtjdlzborxohb

2ql2 ql2
q

2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 rnqpbjllmfubyltr

ql2 ql2
q

l l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 rmwguyqeinwvdlxn

2q ql2
q

l 2l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

18
1.6 jzbeaapurlrvfqns

q 2ql2

2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 yoovxowcpxrjpdbk

ql
l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

19
1.8 rxafrnrbemardbqr

F
2l B

C
2l

2F
A

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 lpeirufjdvmefvwd

2F

Fr r

A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

20
1.10 cujtwofwywaphq

l l
2ql ql

l
q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 qhowrsrexxzuavwv

2l

l
2ql2

:
1. ;
2. .

21
1.12 prtvozenvfcdvwud

2F
2l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 3. : 59 .
-,
2.1 qudhzaeyufuraahs

E1 , A 1 , l 1 E2 , A 2 , l 2

a1 a2

, ,
. , ,
.
1 , 2 .
: l1 = 100, l2 = 200, A1 = 2002 , A2 = 1002 , E1 = 1 105 , E2 = 2 105 ,
a1 = 2a, a2 = a, = 0,25, 1 = 200, 2 = 300.

22
2.2 chthupnxtiunlfeg

2A l
A

l
3A

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: A = 3002 , l = 400, E = 2 105 , = 300, E = 21 E , = 12 .

2.3 mgkrfewawxadqugx

2M M III
I II II-II
I-I III-III

I II
l III
a=d a=d
2l Dcp = 2d
3l = 0.208 = 0.208
= 0.141 = Dcp /20 = 0.141
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , n = 2.

23
3. 3. : 915 .

3.1 osdbpxjklvppczbi

ql2
2q 5a
3a
D
A B C 2a
l l l

1. Qy Mx ;
2. n q = 15/, l = 250, a = 10, = =
300;
3. C, C (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 snoonkmoncjuaxis

a
2a

4a
F
5a

:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .
: a = 10, F = 55, = 360.

24

4
6-31

1. 4. : 15 .

1.1 jiyssjoizriazrsn

l1 = 2l; l2 = 2l; l3 = l 3ql

l1 l2 l3

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 hbqtqewzywwgpypy

ql2 q

l 2l 2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

25
1.3 enixncnulcrtoxsh

ql2 2ql2
q

l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 echhpncvhuuimkqv

2ql ql

l 2l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 znseoodwxmvbwehd

2ql2
q

ql

l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

26
1.6 xidnpnyytpocpblo

q ql2

ql2

2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 vvmkcxdwzczexdmf

2l l l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

27
1.8 utplkirqzwogqpbl

A 2l
2F

2l

C l B

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 mnypkyskcqnpvyko

B
2F

Fr A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

28
1.10 wzxopwkedatfmurz

ql2
l l
ql

l q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 hkrzuupikkhuzvry

2q

2l

ql

:
1. ;
2. .

29
1.12 foppssqlxcgpczwm

2l

F
2l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 4. : 59 .
-,
2.1 vhlkqvvxquthtmmh

A
l1 , E 1 , 1

t C
F
l2 , E 2 , 2

1. t ;
2. N , , w .

1 , 2 .
: A = 1252 , F = 15, l1 = 200, l2 = 100, E1 = 1 105 , E2 = 2 105 ,
1 1
1 = 1,7 105 ( C) , 2 = 1,2 105 ( C) , [n ] = 2, 1 = 200, 2 = 300.

30
2.2 czuslsurhxqdkhys

l
1 l
3

2A
C
l
F
A
l

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: l = 600, A = 2002 , E = 2 105 , = 300.

2.3 jinfgdazkulwbnyb

M 2M III
I II II-II III-III
I-I

2d 2d
I II III
l
2l d
a=d a=d
3l
5l = 0.246 = 0.246
= 0.229 = 0.229

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20, n = 2.

31
3. 4. : 915 .

3.1 rmamdhjukubjmttu

8240 () 12
10

q 2ql2
ql

A B C

l l 105

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 1500, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. C, vC (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 zakzavtlsvyrwgij

2F l
l

Fl
F l
15
l 8240
()
14
2F
2l 20

60

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 600, F = 3, = 160.

32

5
6-31

1. 5. : 15 .

1.1 zziilccgjbhubhpv

ql q

l1 = l; l2 = l; l3 = 2l
l1 l2 l3

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 rszoyixfdktisshb

q ql2

l 2l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

33
1.3 sfxvvosuyhziyxxt

ql
2l l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 ebnwahoizdnlnsrv

2ql ql

l 2l l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 dtxbevobhsrocilw

2ql ql2

l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

34
1.6 htixrsidghesrthm

q ql2

2ql2

2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 wqwfbptezbqwkcbs

2ql
l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.8 jqdqylodnpmebxbr

A 2ql2
l

l
q

B C
l

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

35
1.9 hsjaxibofmrgqw

A
C

F D

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.10 uuvxikkmmiodcvwl

ql2

l l 2ql

l 2q

1. ;
2. M.

36
1.11 uuxiakzhpexloegi

2q

2l

l
ql2

:
1. ;
2. .

1.12 erkodxwsaznwljrg

2F
l

:
1. ;
2. .

37
2. 5. : 59 .
-,
2.1 zgryngdksrpzapdr

E1 , A 1 , l 1

F
E3 , A 3 , l 3 E4 , A 4 , l 4
E2 , A 2 , l 2

a1 a2

, , . -
:
1. ;
2. .
: l1 = 100, l2 = 200, l3 = 100, l4 = 100, A1 = 1002 , A2 = 1002 , A3 = 1002 ,
A4 = 1002 , E1 = E2 = E3 = E4 = 2 105 , a1 = 50, a2 = 100, F = 20.

2.2 vxonxnauyklerlki

A l
2A

l
2A

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: A = 5002 , l = 400, E = 2 105 , = 320, E = 21 E , = 12 .

38
2.3 pniifxhfnkwnbskp

2M X B M
I II I-I
II-II

2d
I II
l
2l d
a=d
4l
5l = 0.246
= 0.229

X B (B ) 0 ?
, .
X , .
.
.
Ml
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , 0 = 25 GII
, n = 2.

3. 5. : 915 .

3.1 idgcbqofhzqpjofw

8240 (.) 6.5


10

2ql2
2q

C
A B
ql
l l 75

1. Qy Mx ;
2. n q = 15/, l = 700, = = 300;
3. B, B (E = 2 105 );
4. .

39
3.2 buuhheevgwfwcnzi

5a

F
4a

:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .
: a = 15, F = 60, = 160.

40

6
6-31

1. 6. : 15 .

1.1 clipncjukoyfvvlr

ql2 q

3l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 qhmbpcpsljcaiivd

2ql2 q

2l l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

41
1.3 dlrkwqvhxpphdjtl

2ql ql
2l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 nxvapwcpznioiohj

2ql 2ql

l l l 2l

:
1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

1.5 smmkdfkigzvqxily

q ql2

ql
2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

42
1.6 kqggvhxrgxzdxphz

q ql2

2ql2

l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 smwrtwrfshxpatgj

q q

l l 2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

43
1.8 kyehegmxfeoppjhb

F
A

C
2l

F B 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 zvbqbuyyjyrqizag

Fr r

F C
A

:
1. ;
2. M.

44
1.10 hkluiqzwfofmqllm

ql l l 2ql2

l 2q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 cnhbmrzehidhohpz

2q

l
ql2

:
1. ;
2. .

45
1.12 hjjeoxjbnvnaiqnp

2l

F
l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 6. : 59 .
-,
2.1 zgrdnzhvookoiuvr

A
l1 , E 1 , 1

t C
F
l2 , E 2 , 2

1. .
2. N , , w .

1 , 2 .
: A = 1002 , F = 15, t = 50 C, l1 = 200, l2 = 100, E1 = 7 104 , E2 =
2,1 105 , 1 = 2,2 105 ( C) , 2 = 1,2 105 ( C) , 1 = 150, 2 = 300.
1 1

46
2.2 agbkhpfvpnlcccbj

A
1
2l
l
1 l
3

A
C

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: l = 600, A = 3002 , E = 2 105 , = 240.

2.3 fxtmshbdvjxrabrg

2M M III
I II
I-I II-II III-III


I II III
l
3l Bcp = 2d d d
4l = Bcp /20
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20, n = 2.

47
3. 6. : 915 .

3.1 corhjhuvjxxlgrre

10
2
ql
q

A B 8240
C
()
ql
5
l l 70

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 700, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. C, C (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 dwseaooyfpzxwczk

Fl
l
F
7
2F l
8240
2l ()
10
10

2l
2F 60

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 200, F = 1, = 160.

48

7
6-31

1. 7. : 15 .

1.1 fbehrqfenljcvzub

q 2ql

l1 = l; l2 = 2l; l3 = l
l1 l2 l3

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 tchxnolaryiwthjs

1
q 3q

2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

49
1.3 mimhtlkaeurpntvw

ql2 ql2
q

l 2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 typrrfhakrekbpiv

2ql 2ql

2l l 2l 2l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 oudgszbbxnsqjtof

2q 2ql2
q

2l l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

50
1.6 rzhvfdqbjvjygi

q 2ql2

2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 gfwuomttlqethqau

2ql
l 2l 2l

1. ;

2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

51
1.8 nvvvnctlqeglkusq

D
C 2l

2l
2ql
B

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 fdfypwcidtjywwus

Fr

B
2F

A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

52
1.10 hulslpzwatorlbwo

ql2

l l

2ql

l q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 vddymhrwgosaglib

ql2

2q

2l

:
1. ;
2. .

53
1.12 yzcugxykvlsmhy

2l

2F
2l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 7. : 59 .
-,
2.1 azilhjiiwvjedo

E1 , A 1

l1

l2 E2 , A 2


E3 , A 3
F
l3

:
1. A;
2. , ,
A.
: F = 100, = 30 , = 60 , = 45 , l1 = 200, l2 = 400, l3 = 200, E1 = E2 =
E3 = 200000, A1 = A, A2 = A, A3 = 2A, [] = 300.

54
2.2 cqejnduiomvwlxxk

C 5
2A A
A
F

l C l l

- :
1. F ;
2. ;

3. C.
: A = 4002 , l = 280, E = 2 105 , = 320, E = 21 E , = 12 .

2.3 jsoralnkqwotkzwa

M 2M III
I II II-II
I-I III-III

2d
I II
l III
2l d d
a=d
4l
5l = 0.246
= 0.229

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. ;
4. .
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20.

55
3. 7. : 915 .

3.1 gnhawwmstxpqivza

8240 (.) 8
10
2
ql
q

A B C D

l l l 85

1. Qy Mx ;
2. n q = 20/, l = 1000, = = 300;
3. B, B (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 bvemlaafkaclejzl

2a

F
6a

4a

:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .
: a = 35, F = 130, = 160.

56

8
6-31

1. 8. : 15 .

1.1 dmdzluzvqieyajop

q ql2

2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 jshcniahkhpcrdtb

q 3q

3l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

57
1.3 fbnfhqvqkosgoqlq

ql
l l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 ccxtgdcrycojownd

ql 2ql

2l l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

1.5 eahlgtyyuqcewz

q ql2

2ql

2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

58
1.6 ertocbselacuxwol

q ql2

ql2

l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 vjmrqnqrmkhwgxwf

2ql
l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

59
1.8 rbcuyunjjhoowakf

ql
B

q l

D
2l C

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 cwbsnndvjjtgpxxq

A C
2F r

:
1. ;
2. M.

60
1.10 rpufyenmsjncpb

l l ql2
2ql

l
q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 zpauyjneylcpltef

2l

l
2ql2

:
1. ;
2. .

61
1.12 jlqcvdfkekvhiuwi

F
l

2F

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 8. : 59 .
-,
2.1 vscarnchyvmeupng

A
l1 , E 1 , 1

t C
F
l2 , E 2 , 2

1. A ;
2. N , , w .

1 , 2 .
: t = 25 C, F = 20, l1 = 200, l2 = 100, E1 = 1 105 , E2 = 2 105 ,
1 1
1 = 1,8 105 ( C) , 2 = 1,2 105 ( C) , [n ] = 2, 1 = 100, 2 = 300.

62
2.2 bjvlofgvobswqnps

A
l
F
a

C
2a

l
A

- :
1. F ;
2. ;

3. C.
: l = 400, A = 2002 , E = 1 105 , = 160.

2.3 ggpnelaifpwmvmof

2M M III
I II II-II
I-I III-III

I II III
l
a=d a=d
2l Dcp = 2d
4l = 0.208 = 0.208
= 0.141 = Dcp /20 = 0.141
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , n = 2.

63
3. 8. : 915 .

3.1 ztogpcihyyuoqiuw

10

ql2
q 8239
14
A B C ql

l l

1. Qy Mx ;
2. n q = 40/, l = 1000, = = 300;
3. B, B (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 bjikpygbutpzcptq

Fl 2l
10

2F 2l

F
l 8239
Fl 14

80

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 300, F = 10, = 300.

64

9
6-31

1. 9. : 15 .

1.1 sakkkmstqqwlkiyj

q ql

l1 = l; l2 = 3l; l3 = l
l1 l2 l3

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 ulodrjiipvyeurds

ql2 q

l 2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

65
1.3 giimmxqvgmhhhzgh

ql2 ql2
q

2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 gmspnpgwtxldaszf

ql ql

2l 2l l 2l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 dloywfekwczrkfka

2ql2
q

2ql

2l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

66
1.6 aywazeaswevpwfgr

ql2 q

2ql2

2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 exfyqtnzcipdgwqc

q q

2l l 2l 2l

1. ;

2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

67
1.8 edyhduqkvwyxvwcs

l q

2ql2

l B

2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 ajuojxxybdvsfjxj

2F r

B
F

A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

68
1.10 emduxyqvwmsyftzo

l l 2ql
2ql

l q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 wnosgubdekhrocom

2ql

2l

2l

:
1. ;
2. .

69
1.12 kjfcikwhzkvxwfuk

2l

F
2l

2F

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 9. : 59 .
-,
2.1 mqootszbjndxaxik

E1 , A 1


l

E2 , A 2
B

:
1. ;
2. , , B .
: = 60 , = 45 , l = 1000, A1 = 2002 , A2 = 2002 , E1 = E2 = 2 105 , [n ] = 2,
= 300.

70
2.2 qulnagyutpihibhk

C 3A
A
F

2l C l

- :
1. F ;
2. ;

3. C.
: A = 2002 , l = 400, E = 2 105 , = 240, E = 21 E , = 12 .

2.3 voivlqfobychyqys

M 2M III
I II
I-I II-II III-III


I II
l III
2l d Bcp = 2d d
4l = Bcp /20
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , n = 2.

71
3. 9. : 915 .

3.1 mtikobzwjiyrsimg

7a

a
2q
a a
2a
A B C D

l l 2l ql
3a

1. Qy Mx ;
2. a q = 20/, l = 300, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. D, vD (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 dcwlnknmgxvfonoa

:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .

: a = 35, F = 8, = 320.

72

10
6-31

1. 10. : 15 .

1.1 qlgyslbfdrgxdnab

l1 = l; l2 = 2l; l3 = l ql

l1 l2 l3

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 ukfncinrpahwvwxr

q q

l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

73
1.3 kypxiasphjtftlcy

ql 2ql
l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 sspvmnrmezoubqkw

ql 2ql

l 2l l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 fannxukodypifbkv

ql2

2ql

2l l l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

74
1.6 wkdqiwapulgocetu

q 2ql2

2ql2

l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 qzdijohickalxrqv

ql
l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

75
1.8 cgvwlfyeyogmyjdy

D
C 2l

2l
2ql
B

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 btpdeqpchgymieif

2F

F
A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

76
1.10 odunsaarkdpwpxxj

l l ql
2ql2

l q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 odqqkxoxgsgmiupd

2l

2l

l
ql

:
1. ;
2. .

77
1.12 pkbnhkajzeapoxem

2l

F
l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 10. : 59 .
-,
2.1 xspfnvondobpel

l1 , E 1 , A 1

l2 , E 2 , A 2

F
l3 , E 3 , A 3

.
1. N , , w ;
2. .
1 , 2 , 3 .
: F = 30, = 0,1, l1 = 100, l2 = 100, l3 = 200, E1 = 100000, E2 =
100000, E3 = 200000, A1 = 2002 , A2 = 1002 , A3 = 1002 , 1 = 200, 2 = 200,
3 = 300.

78
2.2 ascawdplauyerruw

A
l
2a
a
C
1
2a

F
l
A

- :
1. F ;
2. ;

3. C.
: l = 500, A = 4002 , E = 2 105 , = 320.

2.3 fapsedutifjazksc

M1 = M M2 = M III
I II

I-I II-II III-III

I II
lM1 III
l1
lM2 d Bcp = 2d d
l2 = Bcp /20
L = 5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , [n ] = 2, l1 = l, l2 = 3l, lM1 = l,
lM2 = 4l.

79
3. 10. : 915 .

3.1 pfabfuzklrvfow

ql2
q
8240
(.)
D 8
A B C

l 2l l 10

1. Qy Mx ;
2. n q = 20/, l = 700, = = 300;
3. B, vB (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 yatggchfnzhxpnxr

2F

Fl
l

5
2l 8240
F
() 6.5

Fl 5
l

50

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 500, F = 5, = 320.

80

11
6-31

1. 11. : 15 .

1.1 kzmdjifsvtxyavsl

q 3ql2

l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 klvdzmuldhrhqrqf

1
2q q

2l 3l 3l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

81
1.3 ocyqirjvbuapyrqf

2ql2 ql2
q

l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 jswtwaepdhzmmakh

2ql 2ql

2l l l l

:
1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

1.5 eswyctrzblhspsdg

q ql2

ql
2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

82
1.6 xrusxbuwxpxanraq

q 2ql2

l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 qubkkqbasjqksgfw

2ql
l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

83
1.8 qerfzbtkueinhkdb

C 3ql2
l B

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 nmcpmuzdfsjkolat

2F

r
Fr

A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

84
1.10 gtfzdaelnlwrniez

2ql2
l l
ql

l 2q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 umftpklzvalwtocm

ql
l

2l

2q

2l

:
1. ;
2. .

85
1.12 cqugchryyfhderxq

2l

F
2l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 11. : 59 .
-,
2.1 rghcfcdrywfbjzda

A1 , l 1

A2 , l 2

a1 a2

A3 , l 3

, , .
t.
: l1 = 200, l2 = 100, l3 = 200, A1 = 2002 , A2 = 1002 , A3 = 1002 , a1 = a,
a2 = a, = 1,2 105 1 , t = 100C, E = 2 105 , = 300.

86
2.2 saayhwkpbwbhcxpj

C A
2A
A

F1 F2

1 1
l 2l C 2l

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: F1 = F , F2 = F , A = 4002 , l = 100, E = 2 105 , = 200.

2.3 yqbpcsgomvupowhp

2M X B M
I II I-I
II-II

2d
I II
l
2l d
a=d
4l
5l = 0.246
= 0.229

X B (B ) 0 ?
, .
X , .
.
.
Ml
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , 0 = 25 GII
, n = 2.

87
3. 11. : 915 .

3.1 fxsqnumocpmryiqp

10

q
8240
()
A B C D
12
2l 2l l ql
110

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 1500, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. D, vD (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 feoqnxooeveamaog

4a

5a
F

6a

:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .
: a = 10, F = 35, = 360.

88

12
6-31

1. 12. : 15 .

1.1 hudsrhioxyzvysiz

3ql2
q

l 3l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 rkyjkxafvkjtkjgq

q q

l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

89
1.3 hfnlxhyiluagjfaj

2ql ql
l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 lvhmqlorzwswbeya

2ql2 ql2
q

l 2l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 rabjdmudykalfqlf

2ql2
q

ql
l l l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

90
1.6 nhmsfvxpitkaualo

ql2 q ql2

l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 wybhirctdyqdmvuh

2ql
l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

91
1.8 ozyeabzwmoanlekj

2ql2

l
q

C
A 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 sxumbtcyzntnmr

2F r r

A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

92
1.10 keglsrpcbvuttpfu

l l
ql2
ql

l q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 zmoreckvmocxhtnj

2q

2l

2l

l
ql

:
1. ;
2. .

93
1.12 ttxcbxrhwthjizok

F
l

2F

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 12. : 59 .
-,
2.1 kwymuhpaqtotni

E2 , A 2

E1 , A 1

F , , .
1. F . F ;
2. N , , w F .
1 , 2 .
: l = 300, A1 = 2002 , A2 = 6002 , E1 = 2 105 , E2 = 1 105 , [n ] = 2,
1 = 300, 2 = 100.

94
2.2 hrkaztiyhthrqfdk

2A

A A
l
2l l
1
2a
C F

a
2a

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: l = 400, A = 3002 , E = 2 105 , = 260.

2.3 jszkitybggswqgeh

M 2M III
I II II-II
I-I III-III

I II
l III
a=d a=d
3l Dcp = 2d
4l = 0.208 = 0.208
= 0.141 = Dcp /20 = 0.141
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , n = 2.

95
3. 12. : 915 .

3.1 fgjofrhmixrmhbwa

10

8239
2
q 2ql 2ql 18a

A B C

l l 150

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 1500, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. C, C (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 giuekbldxbjcjzhq

Fl

2F l 7
l 8240
2F
()
10

2l 10

50

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 400, F = 6, = 240.

96

13
6-31

1. 13. : 15 .

1.1 ltmqpdenerswntjk

q 3ql2

2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 fsuntiorliyyaict

1
2q q

l 3l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

97
1.3 ksgaueovelywacol

2ql
2l 2l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 mqlxzkgfkszuzjqi

2ql2 2ql2
q

2l l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 mnjckisdhrmoppji

2ql2

2ql

l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

98
1.6 tyfmekqycihigs

2ql2 q

ql2

l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 vgpwhzzrrlhbbfaj

ql
2l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

99
1.8 nshrzclkxkrquhmb

l q

2ql2

l B

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 ijwhantipunqeadw

A
C

D
F

:
1. ;
2. M.

100
1.10 kggiqxzlnbtwxb

l l
ql
2ql

l
q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 faptqttuqbqmlwsu

2l

l
2ql2

:
1. ;
2. .

101
1.12 uqinlhxtsdtxwjxp

2l

2F
l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 13. : 59 .
-,
2.1 cvhhjnmeanlwzwqp

E1 , A 1

l1
E2 , A 2
F
l2

A . -
.
1 , 2 .
: l1 = 200, l2 = 100, A1 = 2A, A2 = A, F = 50, = 45 , E1 = 1 105 ,
E2 = 2 105 , 1 = 100, 2 = 300, [n ] = 2.

102
2.2 otxpjicvslztzhvb

A l
A

2l
2A

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: A = 5002 , l = 400, E = 2 105 , = 300, E = 21 E , = 12 .

2.3 riecstkdznssrrhl

2M M III
I II
I-I II-II III-III


I II
l III
3l Bcp = 2d d Bcp = 2d
4l = Bcp /20 = Bcp /20
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20, n = 2.

103
3. 13. : 915 .

3.1 wuxyqpkpjjxeknvs

2ql2 q
2ql 80
8509
3.2
A B C

l l

1. Qy Mx ;
2. n q = 10/, l = 500, = = 300;
3. C, C (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 cihojdalufynpzad

2a

4a

6a

:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .
: a = 30, F = 60, = 160.

104

14
6-31

1. 14. : 15 .

1.1 zbuxvzuctrjrowiz

3ql2
q

l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 ababbfmuztvrbttw

q 2q

3l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

105
1.3 dvovmbivqpyboigb

ql2 q

l l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 ikoablrsxrrkycva

2ql ql

2l l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 tnfnuzzmrmzkfqpc

q 2ql2

2ql
l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

106
1.6 twqzmsfmybciuegj

2ql2 q

ql2

2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 ajjsvrnpulqgvppx

2ql
l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

107
1.8 invautaxuctrfuao

ql2

l
q

C
A l

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 vgakalaghpvfsung

r
F

A C
2F r

:
1. ;
2. M.

108
1.10 jozersvwnwlarrab

l l 2ql

ql

l 2q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 kplrfztposuqcy

2l

2q

l
ql2

1. ;
2. .

109
1.12 zmbanpvtqgboexmg

F
2l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 14. : 59 .
-,
2.1 iovpeoavxnxmncla

A1 F A3
A2

l1 l2 l3

:
1. N , , w.
2. .

: q = 250 , F = 12,5, E = 2105, l1 = 200, l2 = 100, l3 = 100, A1 = 2002 ,
2 2
A2 = 100 , A3 = 200 , = 300.

110
2.2 ntghjnjysgkzftna

2A

l
a

2a
A l
C
F
l

- :
1. F ;
2. ;

3. C.
: l = 400, A = 2002 , E = 2 105 , = 160.

2.3 spjnmxlylnklrvzk

2M M III
I II I-I III-III
II-II

I II III
2l
a=d
3l Dcp = 2d Dcp = 2d
4l = 0.208
= Dcp /20 = 0.141 = Dcp /20
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. ;
4. .
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20.

111
3. 14. : 915 .

3.1 uqqsixchcvvceoso

2ql2
q
8240
(.)
A B C D 6.5

l l l 10

1. Qy Mx ;
2. n q = 30/, l = 500, = = 300;
3. D, vD (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 mnexbojskjdnpxdg

Fl
l

l
10
2F l
F 2l 8240
() 10

2F 2l 10

70

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 300, F = 10, = 240.

112

15
6-31

1. 15. : 15 .

1.1 vkyisiaoipnovzxt

q 3ql2

3l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 nemzyqzfpzlhedfn

1
2q q

l 2l 3l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

113
1.3 yssbrhqyahjhdkmk

2ql ql
2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 awtayrlgrfbcgjgv

ql ql

l 2l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 jajkhxmsryjimyeq

2ql ql2

l l l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

114
1.6 tvlsydajihydecdh

2ql2 q

ql2

l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 spaibodxqjzqgdwj

ql
2l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.8 bduaecwewiasqlkg

l
q

A
D l C B l

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

115
1.9 thbwesgejnhfwygz

Fr

B
2F

A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.10 gdwdismjlcuwihpq

l l
2ql ql

l
q

:
1. ;
2. M.

116
1.11 fxdyehuipnuyyxtu

ql2

:
1. ;
2. .

1.12 ofypggkfneyoetya

2F
l

:
1. ;
2. .

117
2. 15. : 59 .
-,
2.1 fosbtltutkxpfbel

F
A1 , l 1

a1 a2 a3

A2 , l 2

, , . -
F .
: l1 = 100, l2 = 100, F = 50, a1 = a, a2 = 2a, a3 = a, A1 = 1002 , A2 = 2002 ,
E = 2 105 ,

2.2 mwschkrhiimszlty

C 2A
A
F

2l C l

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: A = 4002 , l = 300, E = 2 105 , = 400, E = 21 E , = 12 .

118
2.3 srzouyywcbbnnx

2M M III
I II II-II
I-I III-III

2d
I II III
l
3l d d
a=d
4l
5l = 0.246
= 0.229

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , n = 2.

3. 15. : 915 .

3.1 qerilaqyspkmnyef

2ql2
q 8240
()
C 6.5
A B
ql
l l 10

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 500, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. C, vC (E = 2 105 );

4. .

119
3.2 tsqudsfbioedvzyz

1
4a
F

:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .
: a = 80, F = 65, = 360.

120

16
6-31

1. 16. : 15 .

1.1 salehptspjbnlkxb

q 2ql2

l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 npazczncllaxinfe

2ql2 q

2l 2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

121
1.3 rcmcwyootmmsxrdg

ql2 ql2
q

l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 mrbmlpfcmgwuexdb

ql2 2ql2
q

l l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 poapsjlqxfslekll

ql2
q

ql
2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

122
1.6 vuhgchjxmxcdxipy

q 2ql2

ql2

l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 ixqpchykwqhjrtht

q q

2l 2l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

123
1.8 oiynfednvyzucwca

2l

C
A l

2l

2ql2

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 uqmrhtbynislwbkk

F
B

2F r
A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

124
1.10 phpczrxqeoxypwly

l l ql2
2ql

l q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 fxwtrggklvaslcrd

ql2

2q

2l

:
1. ;
2. .

125
1.12 oufwedehnpbzaetz

F
l

2F

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 16. : 59 .
-,
2.1 tcxkjzpmjstanwoh

l1 , E 1 , A 1 , 1

t C

l2 , E 2 , A 2 , 2

.
1. N , , w t C;
2. .
1 , 2 .
: t = 100 C, = 0,15, l1 = 200, l2 = 100, E1 = 2 105 , E2 = 1 105 ,
A1 = 1002 , A2 = 2002 , 1 = 1,2 105 ( C) , 2 = 1,7 105 ( C) , 1 = 300, 2 = 100.
1 1

126
2.2 ssfusfzmemfhjpqi

A
l
4a
a

C
3a
F
l
A

- :
1. F ;
2. ;

3. C.
: l = 500, A = 3002 , E = 2 105 , = 220.

2.3 dsxwtkshrusdaiwt

2M M III
I II II-II
I-I III-III

I II
2l III
a=d a=d
3l Dcp = 2d
4l = 0.208 = 0.208
= 0.141 = Dcp /20 = 0.141
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. ;
4. .
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20.

127
3. 16. : 915 .

3.1 rltqxxcdsvuyym

10
3

60 70
2q
8509 2.5

A B C D
10
l 2l l ql 60

1. Qy Mx ;
2. n q = 10/, l = 750, = = 300;
3. D, vD (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 vfgonyigcjpycdpn

Fl
2l
2F 7

l
F 8239
2F l 10

2l

60

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 200, F = 1, = 160.

128

17
6-31

1. 17. : 15 .

1.1 aoccxxtfuncfefcp

q 3ql2

l 3l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 pkpyrylfkokjrp

1
q 2q

2l 3l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

129
1.3 byymljgngrezty

2ql
l 2l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 xvyjufbkrtucsivy

2ql 2ql

l 2l l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 glrdjoujfufuiafp

2ql2
q

ql

l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

130
1.6 qsigthcnpxnmeisj

q ql2

ql2

l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 dmlykbhuxyybscyj

l 2l 2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

131
1.8 yxyxijppmslqlocx

q
3ql2

C
B 3l

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 tiwsgyljxvtztryq

A
C

Fr

D F

:
1. ;
2. M.

132
1.10 yajkomhbzhuidnob

l l
2ql
2ql

l
q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 eidkyxjzhuoucptj

2l

2ql2

:
1. ;
2. .

133
1.12 epzbhwltulzcwhwe

2l

2l

F
l

2F

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 17. : 59 .
-,
2.1 ivccplzzdehicmxb

E1 , A 1

E2 , A 2


F l
l

:
1. ;
2. ,
.
1 , 2 .
: F = 25, l = 200, E1 = 7 104 , E2 = 2,1 105 , A1 = 1002 , A2 = 1002 ,
[n ] = 2, 1 = 150, 2 = 300.

134
2.2 wvstlsxkuogysibv

A l
2A

l
3A

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: A = 3002 , l = 400, E = 2 105 , = 320, E = 21 E , = 12 .

2.3 jhnfmxndfocolzje

M X B 2M
I II I-I
II-II

2d
I II
l
3l d
a=d
4l
5l = 0.246
= 0.229

X B (B ) 0 ?
, .
X , .
.
.
Ml
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , 0 = 25 GII
, n = 2.

135
3. 17. : 915 .

3.1 vxqfsemrwussdpbl

8240 (.) 14a


20

ql2
2q

D
A B C

2l l l 125

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 2000, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. D, vD (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 yqckgdkwzwytiebf

a
a

F
4a

6a

:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .
: a = 20, F = 60, = 240.

136

18
6-31

1. 18. : 15 .

1.1 xpehroqmhdjgrppc

q 2ql2

l 3l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 ulwgxrboelvuwrti

2ql2 q

2l l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

137
1.3 bieeljcjlsawzvoo

ql2 ql2
q

l 2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 lhseqbwwkkqhkjop

2ql 2ql

l l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

1.5 dwmtibbabrhrxiyz

q 2ql2

2ql
2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

138
1.6 izchlhppkermjncb

ql2 q ql2

2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 wgmjmrneavmgbm

ql
l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

139
1.8 uevihvtrggcsci

C
A l

2ql2

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 lvwzacdbxpizcatg

2F
B

Fr r

A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

140
1.10 yvuuuvxywuoetqfn

ql l l 2ql2

l
q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 bzddxntaqajgdtls

l
ql2

:
1. ;
2. .

141
1.12 gohorygatsvhctjn

2l

F
2l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 18. : 59 .
-,
2.1 axxhzegmgykioqxv

F1 X F2

l1 l2 l3 l4

X, B . X
N , , w. A.
: F1 = 25, F2 = 50, E = 2 105 , l1 = 100, l2 = 100, l3 = 100, l4 = 100,
= 300, [n ] = 1,5.

142
2.2 pnekvhefuncvlzdk

2A

l A l

2a
a
C
1
2a
F

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: l = 200, A = 3002 , E = 1 105 , = 160.

2.3 jwkihtxxqtdfopvb

2M M III
I II I-I III-III
II-II

I II
l III
 21 D a=d  12 D
2l
3l D = 2d = 0.208 D = 2d
= 0.141
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. ;
4. .
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20.

143
3. 18. : 915 .

3.1 xbkcwxfsjewtigqs

ql2
2q

A B C 8240
ql (.)
6.5
l l
10

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 300, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. B, B (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 czahwupclirjtdfv

2F l

2F

Fl 10
2l 8240
F
()
10

l 20

80

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 400, F = 5, = 200.

144

19
6-31

1. 19. : 15 .

1.1 cnftrfbfynxnjugk

q ql2

2l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 mxsbhqofyvjqntug

q 2ql2

l 2l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

145
1.3 jwmopudxpmbrsovo

ql ql
l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 knvneesmfkquftrq

2ql2 2ql2
q

2l 2l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 ygruckgshmawueeh

2ql 2ql2

2l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

146
1.6 jhwbfptzepxbhmrk

2ql2 q ql2

l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 wuvgubnvognmngef

2ql
2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

147
1.8 rjakmmxbuslhsrem

2ql2

l
q
C
2l A

2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 gpxcdepprwtxqlhr

A C

2F

Fr

:
1. ;
2. M.

148
1.10 lgfdyjqluxarzevp

2ql2
l l
ql

l
q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 vboaemkvyetzvtdr

ql2

2l

1. ;
2. .

149
1.12 dcheuiyfmlypcm

2l

F
l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 19. : 59 .
-,
2.1 kwcayjkonxooazsg

E1 , A 1

l1

l2 E2 , A 2


E3 , A 3
F
l3

:
1. , , ;
2. .
1 , 2 , 3 .
: F = 100, = 30 , = 45 , = 60 , l1 = 200, l2 = 200, l3 = 400, E1 =
200000, E2 = 200000, E3 = 100000, A1 = 2002 , A2 = 1002 , A3 = 1002 , 1 = 300,
2 = 300, 3 = 80.

150
2.2 lfnahbexphgkokre

A l
2A

2l
3A

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: A = 6002 , l = 300, E = 2 105 , = 260, E = 21 E , = 12 .

2.3 vcpisutddgupxrbd

M1 = M X B M2 = 2M
I II
I-I II-II

I II
lM1
l1
lX a=d
Dcp = 2d
lB = 0.208
= Dcp /20 = 0.141
L = 5l

X B (B ) 0 ?
, .
X , .
.
.
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, [n ] = 2, G = 8 104 , l1 = l, lX = 2l, lB = 4l,
lM1 = l, 0 = 0.

151
3. 19. : 915 .

3.1 blggjvnpfczxgctj

10
4

50 60
ql2
2q
8509 2
D
A B C
10
l 2l l 50

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 700, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. B, B (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 hnwvraismymhgjda

4a

5a

F
4a

:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .
: a = 20, F = 80, = 160.

152

20
6-31

1. 20. : 15 .

1.1 tolusoidxfrhdmbv

q
l1 = l; l2 = 3l; l3 = 2l

ql

l1 l2 l3

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 jzzykifbuxucehky

1
3q q

l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

153
1.3 yngsfsgahcfwdthb

2ql
l 2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 maqojuwocxbmjxub

2ql ql

l 2l l 2l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 vwkenenqivooammu

2ql2
q

2ql
l l l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

154
1.6 dqwbfxmjykyvaddf

ql2 q

2ql2

l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 cxtlqmsfgcwfhpny

ql
2l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

155
1.8 httadzogbzjzsupe

q
A
2l B C 2l D

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 prqxgevdzbqpijij

r
2F

A C

Fr

:
1. ;
2. M.

156
1.10 uktfzlwwsaswatmp

ql2
l l
ql

l
q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 qdmyaiysfsxspydy

2l
2ql

:
1. ;
2. .

157
1.12 kvnzwalocxlcqdtc

2l

F
2l

2F

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 20. : 59 .
-,
2.1 eyggwhtzzgzogtyc

A1 F A3
A2

l1 l2 l3

:
1. N , , w.
2. .

: q = 150 , F = 30, E = 2 105 , l1 = 100, l2 = 100, l3 = 200, A1 = 1002 ,
2 2
A2 = 100 , A3 = 200 , = 300.

158
2.2 ymxbfzakygqunkun

2l
2A
1
F
2l 1
2l
1
3
l
A
C

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: l = 500, A = 2002 , E = 2 105 , = 320.

2.3 tcxnaauyybillpjx

M 2M III
I II II-II
I-I III-III

I II
l III
a=d  21 D a=d
2l
4l = 0.208 D = 2d = 0.208
= 0.141 = 0.141
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20, n = 2.

159
3. 20. : 915 .

3.1 ldmlnksefgoztfsv

10

8239
2ql2 2q
16

A B C

l l ql

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 1000, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. C, vC (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 szvhhybqisrsimqd

Fl

2F

Fl 7
2l 8240
F
() 6.5

l 10

60

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 200, F = 15, = 280.

160

21
6-31

1. 21. : 15 .

1.1 gzeqttthqhlrclud

3ql q

l1 = l; l2 = 3l; l3 = 2l
l1 l2 l3

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 osombwwbgrwvquye

1
3q q

3l 3l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

161
1.3 ybksnqjvmuamedde

ql2
q

2l 2l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 qvtmsrjcuipbfyer

2ql ql

2l l l 2l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 pwcxevunvqbmfeon

ql2
q

2ql
l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

162
1.6 yraoehzvpoaoxbsb

q 2ql2

2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 afnmbbymnmozytqo

ql
l 2l 2l

1. ;

2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

163
1.8 udewthywfyjpyxqe

B
l A 2l

2ql2

q
2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 rangalaqzwldbhxj

B F

2F

A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

164
1.10 gfvxaeyzoiwiymqs

l l
2ql
ql

l q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 mkintpkjutrsibfy

ql
l

2l

2l

:
1. ;
2. .

165
1.12 sxisdbkcccgcqzyd

2l

F
l

2F

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 21. : 59 .
-,
2.1 hadotxudzgnrdw

E1 , A 1 , 1

E2 , A 2 , 2
B

:
1. ;

2. , , ;
3. B .
1 , 2 .
: l = 500, = 2, = 45 , E1 = 7 104 , E2 = 2,1 105 , A1 = 2002 ,
A2 = 1002 , 1 = 2,2 105 1 , 2 = 1,2 105 1 .

166
2.2 upkfzjpqwqkganne

C 2A
3
2A

l C l

- :
1. F ;
2. ;

3. C.
: A = 5002 , l = 600, E = 2 105 , = 300, E = 21 E , = 12 .

2.3 tedcrwnvidxqdmks

2M X B M
I II
I-I II-II


I II
2l
3l Bcp = 2d d
4l = Bcp /20
5l

X B (B ) 0 ?
, .
X , .
.
.
Ml
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , 0 = 3 GII
, n = 2.

167
3. 21. : 915 .

3.1 psgdvtjvgwagqe

2ql2
q
8240
()
A B C 14
ql
l l 20

1. Qy Mx ;
2. n q = 10/, l = 1500, = = 300;
3. B, vB (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 pajqulyjmnqtmpvq

2
5a

F
:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .
: a = 45, F = 10, = 160.

168

22
6-31

1. 22. : 15 .

1.1 suikverqnogmhmwm

q 3ql2

l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 tdrshbywtqjyblhs

1
3q q

3l 2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

169
1.3 mnqotvawbwhalebm

ql 2ql
l 2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 lliwvcpghmsaqkzk

ql ql

l l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 adobuxhfznzlafyo

ql2
q

ql
l l l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

170
1.6 pksufkyldjqlcwdg

q 2ql2

2ql2

l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 wkuxzzozhbdvcvbf

2l 2l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

171
1.8 tvfrjcjjyimmbs

B
2l A 2l

2ql2

q
l

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 yrgmrnovjqrkwjes

2F r
F
B

A C

:
1. ;
2. M.

172
1.10 wyjrtwdzgzjilqlo

ql2
l l
ql

l q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 olxuxejrwpwczdqn

2q

2l
ql

:
1. ;
2. .

173
1.12 lyxauwmsvchhpuzi

2l

2F
l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 22. : 59 .
-,
2.1 jnimdeukqzxdzkoy

l1 , A 1 l2 , A 2 l3 , A 3

1. .
2. N , , w;
3. .

: F = 50, E = 2 105 , A1 = 2002 , A2 = 1002 , A3 = 2002 , l1 = 100,


l2 = 100, l3 = 200, = 300.

174
2.2 eybikyizvudqowdm

l F
1 l
3

2A
C

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: l = 400, A = 2002 , E = 2 105 , = 320.

2.3 plubhgetkjyilgtk

2M M III
I II
I-I II-II III-III


I II
2l III
3l Bcp = 2d d Bcp = 2d
4l = Bcp /20 = Bcp /20
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20, n = 2.

175
3. 22. : 915 .

3.1 fjwvxtyjlzudqkpl

2a 2a

a
2a
2ql2 q

4a
A B C

l l ql
2a

1. Qy Mx ;
2. a q = 10/, l = 1000, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. C, vC (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 yuesxnhlxwemmaiq

2F l 2l

F l
10
2F
2l 8240
2F l
()
6.5

l 10

50

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 300, F = 3, = 320.

176

23
6-31

1. 23. : 15 .

1.1 zxqylztvibuugprg

q 2ql2

3l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 vquvdvotyccybtow

1
3q q

2l 3l 3l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

177
1.3 qjniezcznpiyrbba

ql ql
l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 aoosgrtwmvoicuqm

ql ql

l l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

1.5 htqyjreiuexkkcsu

q ql2

ql
l 2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

178
1.6 kmsuncczxndlabvz

q 2ql2

2ql2

2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 ewwizorohayzmvzg

l l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.8 yalfkmjrsxgrpxvl

C
B 2l

A l
ql2

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

179
1.9 elhvzpwxpitpoenp

A
C

F D

2F

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.10 qttaugdkjknajjrk

ql l l 2ql2

l q

:
1. ;
2. M.

180
1.11 yrhudhdqqwujyxkj

2q

2l

l
ql

:
1. ;
2. .

1.12 byapwhxencydlune

2l

F
2l

2F

:
1. ;
2. .

181
2. 23. : 59 .
-,
2.1 sgpqmxmhhcplsfmq

E1 , A 1


l

E2 , A 2
B

:
1. B
;
2. .
: = 1,5, = 45 , = 30 , l = 500, A1 = 1002 , A2 = 1002 , E1 = E2 = 2105 ,
= 300.

2.2 sszlsotcwgztayeg

C 2A A
A
F

l C 2l l

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: A = 3002 , l = 280, E = 2 105 , = 300, E = 21 E , = 12 .

182
2.3 gozxzozcvgpchcva

2M X B M
I II
I-I II-II


I II
l
2l Bcp = 2d d
3l = Bcp /20
5l

X B (B ) 0 ?
, .
X , .
.
.
Ml
: M = 400 , l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , 0 = 2 GII
, n = 2.

3. 23. : 915 .

3.1 gsqzumguggtknqrb

2q ql2 ql
8240
(.)
5
A B C

l l 10

1. Qy Mx ;

2. q l = 700, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. C, vC (E = 2 105 );
4. .

183
3.2 prtsakqrqqsqlgqy

5a

6a
F
:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .

: a = 25, F = 50, = 160.

184

24
6-31

1. 24. : 15 .

1.1 ubbyatvqxzwyeoqu

q 2ql2

l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 rnqlsyjlvcnnml

1
2q q

2l 3l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

185
1.3 clisuxdhzcgnvkjq

ql ql
l 2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 rkluomegiyiujsah

ql ql

l 2l l 2l

:
1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

1.5 ttztbrbescibnuvj

q 2ql2

ql
2l l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

186
1.6 ijnmrgmntldxniqc

q 2ql2

2ql2

2l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 kgtqxjzlmqpsarwh

ql
l 2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

187
1.8 wulqwdhpxdiirspl

2l A

2l

B l C

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 muhxgynzzfvgeddz

F
A C

:
1. ;

2. M.

188
1.10 dqusxcyaavzltvvb

2ql2
l l
ql

l 2q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 hqqhgwghwbexluvg

ql
2l

:
1. ;
2. .

189
1.12 whzcoensvrtseakq

2l

2l

F
l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 24. : 59 .
-,
2.1 wcybjknquoosllzl

E3 , A 3 , 3 t C

l1 , E 1 , A 1 , 1
l2 , E 2 , A 2 , 2

, .
t N , , w .
1 , 2 , 3 .
: l1 = 100, l2 = 200, E1 = 200000, E2 = 200000, E3 = 100000, A1 =
2002 , A2 = 1002 , A3 = 2002 , = 1,2 105 ( C) , 1 = 300, 2 = 300, 3 = 100,
1

[n ] = 1,5.

190
2.2 nrrlofydfxsqjvry

A 2A
l
l l

a
2a
F

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: l = 500, A = 3002 , E = 2 105 , = 300.

2.3 ulzzxkkmbxesit

2M M III
I II I-I III-III
II-II

I II
l III
 21 D a=d  12 D
2l
3l D = 2d = 0.208 D = 2d
= 0.141
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20, n = 2.

191
3. 24. : 915 .

3.1 hwdepuoklmqpsfjd

2ql2
q

A B C D 8240
(.)
14a
l 2l l
20

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 1500, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. D, D (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 nalsxapjkfsrfnrf

Fl
l 10

l 8239
2F 14

2F l
2l

80

:
1. ;
2.
;
3. , 1:1.
: l = 300, F = 10, = 300.

192

25
6-31

1. 25. : 15 .

1.1 ehfrnsedjurlpovz

q
l1 = l; l2 = 2l; l3 = 2l

2ql

l1 l2 l3

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.2 gzvawtmehmitdehj

1
q 3q

l 3l l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

193
1.3 vyajyswwhtaeuq

2ql 2ql
2l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.4 wckuzlzpmjzexvet

2ql 2ql

l 2l 2l l

:
1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.5 mxquxqycyipndxki

ql2
q

2ql
2l l 2l

1. ;
2. ;

3. Qy Mx .

194
1.6 keqlyfcgyqyaepvv

q 2ql2

2ql2

l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

1.7 qjdpnnmrczpnzgyx

ql
l 2l 2l

1. ;
2. ;
3. Qy Mx .

195
1.8 wzttmiqwmwmlbvbl

2l A

2F

2l

B l C

1. ;
2. ;
3. M.

1.9 rymeppdfcdmbaxxz

A
C

Fr

2F D

:
1. ;
2. M.

196
1.10 irarlcnfehygrivb

l l
ql ql

l 2q

:
1. ;
2. M.

1.11 yahdxpgapryqconh

2ql

2l

:
1. ;
2. .

197
1.12 pygkvyeismjvkiev

F
2l

:
1. ;
2. .

2. 25. : 59 .
-,
2.1 dkioqhdnddawuhlt

F
A1 , l 1

a1 a2 a3

A2 , l 2

, , .
,
?
: l1 = 100, l2 = 100, F = 6, a1 = a, a2 = 2a, a3 = a, A1 = 2002 , A2 = 1002 ,
= 300. = 1,2 105 1 , T = 50 , E = 2 105 ,

198
2.2 nsevaheefvvxziep

C 2A
A
2A

F1 F2

l 2l C l

- :
1. F ;
2. ;
3. C.
: F1 = F , F2 = 2F , A = 10002 , l = 400, E = 2 105 , = 200.

2.3 agirocgtpzxlzfqe

M 2M III
I II
I-I II-II III-III


I II III
l
2l d Bcp = 2d Bcp = 2d
4l = Bcp /20 = Bcp /20
5l

, .
:
1. ,
;
2. ;
3. .
: l = 100, = 200, G = 8 104 , d = 20, n = 2.

199
3. 25. : 915 .

3.1 lailimaewlzursuy

8240 () 14
20

A B C D

l 2l l ql
120

1. Qy Mx ;
2. q l = 1500, = = 300, [n ] = 2;
3. B, vB (E = 2 105 );
4. .

3.2 ctraqddaycxumtli

2a
a

6a

F
4a

:
1. , 1:1;
2. n .
: a = 30, F = 95, = 220.

200