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Conceptual Question

1. a. the force applied to the ball by your hand and the force due to gravity acting on
the ball. The ball has weight due to the force of gravity which pulls your hand
downwards. The force you apply to the ball in the upward direction with your hand
counteracts the gravitational force.

b. If you are disregarding air resistance, then the ball is in free fall, having only the
gravitational force acting on it.

2. Gravity is a complicated function of altitude, latitude, and location of any nearby mascons.
You really have to look up the numbers.

After a lot of searching I found Denver: 9.796 m/s


Death valley, all I can find is 9.83.
The difference is only about 0.3%

So you would get more gold per gram in Denver, measured by weight.

earth Valley is "closer" to the center of the earth. This means that gravity is stronger, even if
only by a little bit. Therefore, in Death Valley the gold would weigh more. I'd rather buy it in
Denver so you get more "stuff" per price.

Mass is a state function in a sense, it doesn't change by location. So if it were sold by mass
there would be no difference.

3. It is because of inertia of motion.That is, when a body is moving it has a


tendency to remain in that state.For example,when you are cycling after
pedaling for some time ,you stopped pedaling.But the cycle does not stop at
once because of inertia of motion.Only after it goes some distance does it
stop.This same thing happens when you are pushing a box.

4. Depends on the size of the rock, but due to inertia you are better off pushing it gently... if you wouldn't kick a large
rock hung by a string on earth, than you don't want to kick it in space. the fact is for the purposes of this
demonstration gravity has no effect on lateral movement. In other words the rocks inertial resistance will be the same
on earth as it would be in space. The whole thing about being far away from a planet or sun is really pointless, other
than to say you will only be contending with the rocks inertia unaffected by an outside force pushing against your foot
through the rock. but if the rocks is floating in the middle of the space ship than the whole discussion of external
gravitational forces is moot. (only relative motion would matter) The point of this question is to demonstrate inertia.

5. the driver would have to have been going backwards cause in Newtons law of motion...
things in motion tend to stay in motion unless action on by a greater force... and if the bus was
going forward t\and stopped, the suitcases would go the same way the bus was (forward)

6. If he just holds the barbell, the scale reads his weight plus the weight of the barbell. When
he pushes it up - accelerating it upwards - the scale reads an extra amount corresponding to
m*a.
When he pushes it down, the scale weighs a lesser amount. If he dropped it, or allowed it to
fall
naturally, the scale would just indicate his weight, as long as the bar was in free fall.
If he threw it up, once the bar was actually in free fall arcing up and back, the scale would
indicate just his weight. When he caught it, there would be extra force required to decelerate
it.

7. Friction between the tires and ground (coupled with elastic forces in the tire) causes an
automobile to move.

A propeller is just a rotating wing. It generates thrust (axial lift) by rapidly pushing air
backwards, creating high pressure behind the propeller, and low pressure in front of it. This
leads to a net forward force on the propeller.

An oar generates thrust the same way as an propeller. As the oar moves through the water, it
creates high pressure on the 'back' side of the oar, and low pressure on the 'front' side. Thus
there is a net forward force on the oar, and a backward force on the water in its path.

8. when it touches the water its speed is 0

GRAVITY will accelerate it so it will have positive acceleration and increase speed

at some point though the resistive force will equal the gravity force and since the resistive
force is negative

Fnet = Fg - Fr

when Fg = Fr

Fnet = Fg - Fg = 0

this means at some point while the object is falling in the water it will stop accelerating .. it
wont decelerate thats negative acceleration it will just not fall any faster it will stay constant

this is what terminal velocity is for a falling object is in air.. when you go as fast as you can go
and gravity wont pull you faster you have reached terminal velocity..

that is the point where the resistive force that is proportional to velocity = gravitational force
which is constant..

Meanwhile :

another key point is the acceleration IS NOT CONSTANT.. the net acceleration will change as
the speed increases.. it will slow down and so each time the speed increases the acceleration
will get smaller because the resistive force is larger..
this means that the next m/s in velocity will take longer each time it increases in speed until it
reaches terminal velocity at which point it will NEVER INCREASE speed..

9. This has to do with inertia, Claudette is seated, when the bus moves she is pressed back
into the seat but that is the limit of her motion, Clark's body wants to stay where it is, a body
will remain at rest or in motion until an outside force acts on it, the outside force in this case
is the forward motion of the bus, as a consequence it more that Claudette moved to Clark.

10. The force applied by the rocket is constant. This is greater than resistive forces, so there is
a resultant force, meaning the rocket accelerates, which implies its speed increases.

Its acceleration increases because the rocket is moving away from the planet it's on, reducing
the distance between them, and so reducing the gravitational force that acts opposite the
motion. Therefore, the resultant force increases with time, and so the acceleration increases.