Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 61

. .

3ds Maaxx 22000099


3ds Max DDeessiiggnn
22000099

, 2008
004.4
32.973.26-018.2


80

. . ...........................................................................................................................15
80 3ds Max 2009/3ds Max Design 2009. . .: ,
2008, 544 ., . ( ). I. 3ds Max 2009.........................................................17
1. ..................................................................19
2. 3D-.................................................51
ISBN 978-5-94074-443-6 3. ..........................................................59
II. ...........................................77
3ds Max 4. ......................................................................................79
2009/3ds Max Design 2009. 3ds 5. ...........................................................93
Max, 6. NURBS-...........................................................................109
3ds Max. 7. 3D-..............................................................................................127
,
8. ..............................................147
, ,
-, . III. ................................................................159
3ds Max , 9. .................................................................................161
, . -, 10. ...................................181
3D-, , NURBS--, 11. ................................203
, -
. IV. .....................................................235
- - 12. ..............................................237
3ds Max. , , 13. .........................................................................257
, 14. ...............................................................283
, Mental Ray, -
V. 3D-..........................................................................305
V-Ray 1.50 SP2 for 3ds Max 2009.
, . 15. ...............................................................307
16. ...........................................................325
17. ...............................................................365
004.4 18. Mental Ray.......................................................................395
32.973.26-018.2
19. V-Ray................................................................................ 413
VI. ......................................................421
20. ......................................................423
. 21. ....................................................433
22. ........................................................................................459
.
, , . , 23. ......................................................................................467
,
. VII. .................................................................................................475
- , .
24. ..................................................................477
25. ........................................................................487
. ., 2008 26. ................................................................................505
ISBN 978-5-94074-443-6 , 2008
..............................................................................................523
5

3. ...............................59
..........................................59
.................................60
.....................................................................................................................15 Zoom Zoom All..............................................................61
Zoom Extents Zoom
I. 3ds Max 2009.......17 Extents All.............................................................................................................61
Zoom Region.........................................................................63
1. ............................................19
Maximize Viewport Toggle......................................................63
3ds Max 2009.............................................................................................19 .....................64
......................................................................................................20 .......................................................................64
.....................................................................................23 Orbit...........................................64
...............................................................................................25 Field-of-View..........................................................................66
.. 26 Walk Through........................................................................66
......................................................................28 .........................68
..........................................................................................34 ..............................72
Command Panel......................................35
..........................................41
.................................................41 II.
.................................................................................43
.........................................................................................44 ......................................................................................................77
...................................................................................................47
4. .......................................................................79
.................................................47
...................................................................48 ........................................................................................79
........................................................................................49 Line...........................................................................................................................80
2. 3D!..................51 Rectangle.............................................................................................................82
Circle.......................................................................................................................82
...............................51
Ellipse.....................................................................................................................82
............................................52
................................................52 Arc............................................................................................................................84
........................................................................................53 Donut.......................................................................................................................84
.............54 NGon.......................................................................................................................84
Star...........................................................................................................................85
.....................................................................................................................54 Text...........................................................................................................................85
Helix.........................................................................................................................87
.............................................................................................57 Section...................................................................................................................88
....57 .......................................................................................89
6 7

5. ....................................93 III. .............159


.....................................................................................93 9. ................................................................161
.................................................97
Select 161
98
..................................................................................104 ...................................................163
, .........................................164
6. NURBS!..........................................................109 ...................................................166
NURBS.......................................................................................................109
....................................................167
NURBS-............................................................109 Select From Scene.......................................................168
NURBS- .. 111

NURBS......................115 ...................................................................................................169
NURBS....................................116 .....................................................................................171
NURBS ................................................................................................................171
..............................................................................................119 .................................................................................................173
NURBS...................................120 .................................................................176
NURBS.......................................................................121
....................................................176
...........................................177
7. 3D!..............................................................................127 ...........................................................................................178
Hedra.............................................................................................................................128 .................................................................178
Torus Knot..................................................................................................................132 10. .. 181
Chamfered Box Chamfered Cylinder......................................................135 .............................................................181
OilTank, Capsule Spindle..............................................................................137 ..................................................................181
L-Ext -Ext.............................................................................................................138 ..................................................................184
Gengon Prism......................................................................................................138 ...........................................................185
RingWave....................................................................................................................139 ............................................................................................187
Hose...............................................................................................................................141 View.......................................................................................................................189
8. ...................147 Screen.................................................................................................................189
World.....................................................................................................................191
....................................................................................................147 Local.....................................................................................................................191
....................................................................................147 Pick........................................................................................................................191
Damper...............................................................................................................147 .....................................................................................................................194
Spring...................................................................................................................149 .................................................................................195
..................................................................................150 ........................................................................................200
, .........................................................................151 ...............................................................................200
..........................................................................151 ..........................................200
..............................................................................156
6 7

11. 13. .....................................................257


............................................................................................................203
Bend...............................................................................................................................257
.........................................................203 Taper..............................................................................................................................258
...............................................................................................203 Twist...............................................................................................................................261
.........................................................................206 Noise..............................................................................................................................262
..................................................................................208 Stretch..........................................................................................................................264
.........................................................211 Squeeze.......................................................................................................................265
...............................................................................214 Push................................................................................................................................267
.........................................215 Ripple............................................................................................................................267
.................................................................................216 Wave...............................................................................................................................269
Align.........................................................................................217 Skew..............................................................................................................................269
Quick Align...........................................................................220 Affect Region............................................................................................................270
..................................................................................220 Lattice............................................................................................................................273
.....................................................225 Mirror.............................................................................................................................276
...................................................................................226 Melt.................................................................................................................................277
........................................229 FFD.................................................................................................................................278
..................................232 Optimize.......................................................................................................................280
14. ........................................283
IV. Mesh Select...............................................................................................................283
...............................................................................235 ...............................................................................................284
..................................................................................................284
12. ...................237 ....................................................285
Edit Mesh....................................................................................................................285
............................................................237
Create.....................................................................................286
....................................................239 Delete......................................................................................287
................................................................240 Attach Detach.............................................................288
..............................................245 Divide......................................................................................289
............................................................247 Extrude...................................................................................289
...........................................................................250 Bevel........................................................................................290
..............................................251 Weld...........................................................................................290
Tessellate..............................................................................291
....................................................................252 Edit Poly........................................................................................................................292
...................................254 Mesh Smooth.....................................................................293
...........................255 Shrink Grow.................................................................294
Flip............................................................................................294
6 7

Collapse.................................................................................295 Direct............................................................................350
Make Planar........................................................................295 Skylight...........................................................................351
Cut............................................................................................296 ..........................................................353
......296 Light Lister.........................................................................358
Edit Polygons..............................................297 .................................360
Edit Patch....................................................................................................................298
Hair and Fur................................................................................................................299 17. ...........................................365
...............................................................................365
V. 3D-..................305 ....................................................365
.......................................................................................366
15. .........................................307
....................................................................307 ..................................................................................................369
Render Setup...................................................................307 ...................................................................................369
Time Output..........................................................................308 .....................................................................371
Area to Render...................................................................308 .......................................................................371
Output Size...........................................................................309 .........................................................................375
Render Output....................................................................310 Fog.................................................................................................375
........................................312 Volume Light..............................................................................379
Render............................................313 ..................................................................................381
Render Production..........................................................313 Lens................................................................................................383
Render Iterative.................................................................313 Blur....................................................................................................389
ActiveShade........................................................................313
................................................................................................................315 18. Mental Ray....................................................395
Quick Render Render Last..........................................319
.............................................................................................320 Mental Ray............................................395
Raytracer........................................................................................321 Arch & Design..................................................................................398
Radiosity.........................................................................................322 Final Gather Ambient Occlusion........................................400
Light Tracer...................................................................................322 Daylight...................................................................................................401
Normal.................................................406
16. ....................................325
....................................................................325 19. V!Ray................................................................413
Omni..............................................................................328
3ds Max..................................................................................331 V-Ray............................413
.............................................................333 V-Ray............................................................................................414
.............................................................334 V-Ray.....................................................................................414
Spot...............................................................................340 V-Ray....................................................416
12 13

VI. .......................................490
RAM Player.................................492
.............................................................................................................421 ................................................................................492
20. ...............................423 .....................................................................494

Material Editor.............................................................................................423 26. ...............................................................505


.........................................................................................426 , ..................................................505
Material/Map Browser.............................................................................431 .........................................................................508
21. ...........................433 ................................................................................................510
.............................................................................513
....................................................................433 ......................................................................................517
.........................................................................435
..............................................................................440 ................................................................................523
................................................................................................445
Blend....................................................................................................446
Top/Bottom.......................................................................................447
Composite.........................................................................................448
RGB Multiply...................................................................................449
...................................................450
22. ..........................................................................459
.................................................................................................459
.....................................................463
23. ........................................................................467
....................................................................467
...................................................................................472

VII. ..................................................................475
24. ............................................477
...........................................................477
..........................................................................479
.............................................................480
...........................................483
25. .....................................................487
.....................................487

, 3ds Max &
Autodesk , &
& , 3D&
, , ,
,
. 3ds
Max 2009 3ds Max Design 2009, 3ds Max
.
3ds
Max,
&
.
26 , .
I 3ds Max,
& ,
3D& ,
.
II &
, 3D&
NURBS&,
& .
III, 3D& ,
& ,
& .
IV ,
3ds Max,
& .
,
.
.
V , ,
, ,
Mental Ray, 3ds
Max, V&Ray Chaos Group.
& 3ds Max.
VI ,
& ,
& , .
VII ,
&
16

, , &

. ,
I
, .
.
, , ,

, File.
, File Open.

, Open File.
,
, 3dsmax.mat.
,
3ds Max 2009
, ,
-.max.
, ,
, Width = 0,3 , Width
0,3. ,
3ds Max .
, :
(rendering). ,
1. -
.
2.
3D-
3.

1

Autodesk 3ds Max 2009


- .
3ds Max 2009 3ds
Max 2009 Design .

3ds Max 2009


3ds Max ,
,
. , 32- 3ds Max 2009 Design
Autodesk 3ds Max Design 2009
32-bit. 3ds Max
. 3ds Max-
. , 32- 3ds Max 2009 Design
Autodesk Autodesk3dsMaxDesign
200932-bit Autodesk 3ds Max Design 200932-bit.
3ds Max , Learning
Movies, -
3ds Max, , -
. 3ds Max 2009 , . 1.1,
3ds Max 2009 Design , . 1.2.
Learning Movies Show this dialog at startup,
, Close.
3ds Max 2009 (. 1.3) 3ds Max 2009
Design (. 1.4).

, . 1.4, Autodesk 3ds Max 2009 Design


Autodesk 3ds Max 2009 ,
Autodesk 3ds Max 2009 Design.
-
- .
3ds Max
(. 1.5), Windows-,
, (viewport);
20 1. 21

. 1.1. Learning Movies 3ds Max 2009

. 1.3. Autodesk 3ds Max 2009

. 1.2. Learning Movies 3ds Max 2009 Design


(toolbar);
(command panel);
.


- . 1.4. Autodesk 3ds Max 2009 Design
, 3ds Max. -
22 1. 23

, -
-
(Top, Left Front . 1.5).
,
. ,
, -
.

, -
, . -
, - ,
,
.


- 3, ,
,
-.


3ds Max
(. . 1.31.5). ,
.
, , ,
- .

.
1. Customize Customize User Interface.
. 1.5. 3ds Max 2. Customize User Interface
Colors.
- (view): 3. Elements Viewports,
Front ;
Viewport Background (. 1.6).
Back ; 4. Color
Left ;
Color Selector (. 1.7). 3ds Max
RGB (
Right ;
Red, Green Blue) ( Hue),
Top ;
- ( Whiteness Value).
Bottom ;
Orthographic ; - .
Perspective ; - (255)
RGB Sat
. , Value ( Hue
, (ViewCube), (Stee- ).
ringWheel). , -
24 1. 25

Customize User Interface . 3ds Max -


. Customize User Interface,
Esc .
3ds Max . 1.8.


, 3ds Max

(Top, Front Left) (Perspective).
- .
,
(. . 1.8). ( ,
) -
.
.

. 1.6. Colors Customize User Interface

. 1.7. Color Selector


5. , OK Color
Selector Colors
Customize User Interface.
-
,
. , Customize User
Interface, Elements Geometry, -
Selection.
Color Selector - -
(, ).
Scheme Use Standard
Windows Colors, 3ds Max -
Windows.
, Apply Color Now, . 1.8. 3ds Max
Colors Windows
26 1. 27

-
(.. -
) Views (. 1.9).

. 1.9. Orthographic Front


, 3ds Max - . 1.10.
: Bottom B; Front F; Top T; Left L; Perspective
P; Orthographic U.
- , ,
( U) - , ,
- Reset Layout (. 1.11).
(O) 3ds
Max U (User).

(. 1.12), Alt+W.
-
.

3ds Max , 3ds Max


-. . Configure
, ( - , . 1.9.
, Viewport Configuration -
. 1.10). - , Layout (. 1.13) , -
- .
.
28 1. 29

. 1.11.

Layout
Viewport Configuration ,
.
. 1.12. ,
,

(. 1.14).
, ,
Front,
Top, Left, Perspective
Orthographic. . 1.15.


(home grid)
- ,
- .
, - 10 (
). ,
Tools Grids and Snaps Grid
and Snap Settings (. 1.16).
Grid and Snap Settings
Home Grid (. 1.17)
Grid Spacing.
. 1.13. Layout Viewport Configuration
30 1. 31

. 1.14. ,
, Orthographic Front

. 1.16. Grids and Snaps


-
: Snaps Toggle, Angle Snap Toggle Percent Snap Toggle. -
10.
Major Lines every Nth Grid Line -
( ),
Perspective View Grid Extent
, Perspective.
7,
- . 1.16.
-
-
Grid and Snap Settings, ,
. 1.15. -,
.

Grid and Snap Settings , . 1.17. Home Grid Grids


Main Toolbar, and Snaps Settings
32 1. 33

!
, -
- -.
Tools Grids and Snaps Show Home ,.,
Grid (. . 1.16). ,-
, .
Grid and Snap Settings
,
, .
-- ,

-
Customize Units Setup,
. , ,
Units Setup (. 1.18).
,.
Units Setup
(display units). , Units Setup, Display
- (system units), Unit Scale Metric,
Units Setup System Unit Setup. .
System Unit Setup (. . 1.18) -, .
, 1 3ds Max,
OK Units Setup.
Grid = (. 1.19).

. 1.18. Units Setup System Unit Setup . 1.19.


34 1. Command Panel 35

. 1.19 ,
- . 10
, 0,1 .
(grid extent) 2 2 . ,
Perspective View Grid Extent (. . 1.17) 10.


3ds Max
Main Toolbar, ,
InfoCenter. , 3ds Max 8 -
, 3ds Max,
Command Panel. -
Windows, 3ds Max
, -.
, , -,
.
(docked toolbar), -
Main Toolbar Command Panel, -
(floating toolbar), InfoCenter.

(
, Command Panel
- , . 1.20)
. . 1.20.

, , -
Windows (. 1.21).
3ds Max,
.

-
-
Command Panel
, . (. 1.24)
. .
, -
- ,
, - .
, ,
(. 1.22). Create ,
Windows, - , , , ,
3ds Max , . ;
, - Modify
( ), , ;
, -- ( Hierarchy ,
), . 1.23. ;
36 1. Command Panel 37

. 1.21. , . 1.22.
Control Panel

Motion
; -
Display , , 3ds Max , -
; .
Utilities , .
. 1. (
Top), .
-
, (rollout), - 2. Create
. - - () Geometry,
, (
+). - .
( 3.
). Standard Primitives. ,
-, , ..
, ,
4. Object Type Box.
- , Command
Panel 3ds Max, 5. , -
, (. 1.25). , 60
38 1. Command Panel 39

. 1.24. . 1.25. -

Command Panel Hierarchy


Control Panel

. 1.23. Main Toolbar ,


,
120 . Length Width
, . 1.26,
- .
6. , -
40 ( Height ).
, (. 1.27).

.
Select Object Main Toolbar,
-
, .
Modify Box01
-, Length (0,6m), Width (1,2m)
Height (0,4m) (. 1.28).
..
1. Front,
- . . 1.26.
40 1. 41

. 1.27.

2. Create .
3. Object Type Sphere.
4. Front ,
, 30 (
- Radius ) , . 1.28.
. , -
- .

.

Select and Move
Main Toolbar,

, 3ds Max
, .
, , (quads),
Modify Sphere01 -
.
, 0,3m Radius. ,
- , -
- (. 1.29). Customize User Interface,
Colors . -

, Customize
- (3D scene).
Customize User Interface.
- 2,
.max. File Save
File Save As ( Ctrl+S)
(. 1.30), . max 3ds Max -
- . (shortcut). -
42 1. 43

. 1.31. Keyboard Customize User Interface

Assigned to.
- 3ds
Max, - Assign,
- Remove.

( .kbd), Save,
. 1.29.
Front Select and Move , Load.
Reset
. -, .
Keyboard
Customize User Interface (. 1.31).
Group,

3ds Max Toolbars -
Category ( -
All Commands). Customize User Interface (. 1.32).
- Group,
Category ( -

All Commands).
, -
,
Hotkey - . 1.32, Toolbars Customize User
-. Interface 8 .
Main Toolbar, InfoCenter Control Panel .
- ,
-
-,
. 1.30. Cus-tomize User Interface 3ds Max.
Save File As New, .
44 1. 45

. 1.32. Toolbars Customize User Interface


-
, , -

Edit Button Appearance (. 1.33). Delete
Button . 1.33. Toolbars Customize User Interface
, Customize -
Toolbars Customize User Interface. , 3ds Max,
- Quads.
( .cui), Save, New New
- , Load. Quad Set.
Reset Delete. Rename
- , . -.
,
- (
), Label
(quads) (. ,
1.34) , ( .
- quad , .
, ..).
Quads
Customize User Interface (. 1.35). Edit Menu Item Name.
Group, Delete Menu Item.
Category ( - .
All Commands). , Quad Shortcut,
(separator) . , Assign.
46 1. 47


3ds Max Menus
Customize User Interface (. 1.36).
,
Quads, ,
.


3ds Max ,
- .

. -
- .
,
Customize Save Custom UI Scheme
Save Custom UI Scheme
- ( .ui).
. 1.34. - ,
, ,
.
-
Custom Scheme (. 1.37), -
-

. 1.35. Quads Customize User Interface


(
.mnu), Save,
, Load. Reset
, . 1.36. Menus Customize User Interface
.
48 1. 49

. 1.37. Custom Scheme

, ,
- . ,
Icon Type
: (Classic) -
(2D Black and White).

Customize Load Custom UI
Scheme.
Load Custom UI Scheme
, , .


, . 1.39. Statistics Viewport Configuration
-
3ds Max,
, . -
-, . ,
(. 1.38) , 10.
7.
,

- (. . 1.9) Configure
, -
- Views Viewport Configuration.
, -
Viewport Configuration Statistics (. 1.39).
Polygon Count -
( Polys . 1.38); Triangle Count -
( Tris); Edge Count ( Edges),
Vertex Count ( Verts).
Total,
( Total . 1.38). Selection -
( -
. 1.38 N Objects Selected), Total +
Selection : , -
, . 1.38.


Expert Mode -
. -
,
(. 1.40). Expert Mode , -
-
. 1.38. , 3ds Max.
50 1.

2

3D,
13D-.
Windows -
3D-.-
3dsMax,,,

,3dsMax.



.max,
- , , ,
,
-.
- .
. 1.40. 3ds Max Expert Mode
File Save ,
Expert Mode, Ctrl+S Save
View Expert Mode Ctrl+X. File As (. 2.1). ,
, Save File As ,
Cancel Expert Mode, .
Expert Mode 3ds Max. File Save As
Save File As.

. 2.1. Save File As


52 2. 3D- 53

File Save Copy As ,


Save File As Copy, Save File As;
.
File Save Selected ,
.
Save File As.
File Save As
, 3ds Max.
, ,
File Set Project Folder.

3ds Max.
3ds Max
History.
+, ,

, . ,
.max 01.max.

(character) .chr (
). , , 3ds Max,
.

- Thumbnail. . 2.2. Select File to Import

File Export.
- Select File to Import (. 2.3),
- ,
.
3ds Max ,
, Autodesk AutoCAD, Autodesk Inventor, 3D Studio
for DOS, .
- File Import.

Select File to Import (. 3ds Max File
2.2), - , New ( Ctrl+N),
. (
-- ),
New Scene (. 2.4).
Keep Objects and Hierarchy,

,
.
3ds Max Keep Objects ,
, 3D Studio for DOS, Autodesk AutoCAD, Adobe Illustrator, , New All .
VRML97 .,
54 2. 3D- 55



3ds Max,
- File Open (
Ctrl+O).
( - - ),
Open File,
Save File As (. . 2.1) ,
.

, ,
- File Open Recent (. 2.5).




3ds Max, File Merge.
Merge File, Open File.
- ,
, .
- . . 2.3. Select File to Export

List types
. . All
List types.
.
None All. Invert
1. .max, . ,
3ds Max. Influences - .
2. Select Object Main Toolbar, ,
. .
3. File Save Selected . -
.chr. , Find Case Sensitive.
4. Delete, .
5. File Merge, Merge , Merge
File 3ds Max - .
Characters (*.chr), .chr,
.
(. 2.6) .
6. Merge (. 2.7),
.max .chr, -
. -, . 2.4. New Scene
Sort. -
56 2. 3D- 57



-
.max .chr, File
Replace. Replace File (. 2.8), -
Merge File.
,
, . ,
. ,

, .

VI.
, Replace File, ,
, .
, Replace
.


. 2.5. Open Recent

3ds Max
- Edit Hold ( Ctrl+Alt+H).
.mx,
3ds Max
Edit Fetch ( Ctrl+Alt+F).
, Hold ,
, - .

. 2.6. Merge File . 2.7. Merge . 2.8. Replace File


58 2. 3D-

, , -,
Edit Undo ( - 3
Ctrl+Z) Undo Main Toolbar.
-
Edit Redo ( Ctrl+Y)
Redo Main Toolbar.

3ds Max

.
, ,
, 1 (ViewCube)
(SteeringWheel).




- .
,
. - 5
3 (flyout), . 3.1.
Perspective,
,
(. 3.2).
, Zoom Region
Perspective Field-of-View.
, , -

. 3.1.
,
60 3. 61

. 3.3. Viewports
Preference
Settings

. 3.2.
Perspective

,
.
,
-, .


, Shift+Z, - Zoom Zoom All
Shift+Y. Zoom ( Alt+Z) -
, -

. Zoom,
, ,
.
,.
(zoom)
!
,
. (
-) , Esc. -

.
, . ,
Zoom All Zoom (.
Customize Preferences,
3.4) ,
Preference Settings Viewports (. 3.3)
, ,
Mouse Control Zoom About Mouse Point (Orthographic)
,
() Zoom About Mouse Point (Perspective).
Preference Settings Viewports.

- .


Wheel Zoom Increment (. . 3.3). , Zoom Extents Zoom Extents All
: Ctrl+ ] , Zoom Extents Zoom Extents All -
-; Ctrl++ [ , (. 3.5).
.
62 3. Maximize Viewport Toggle 63


- .

Zoom Region
Zoom Region ( Ctrl+W)
, 3ds Max
.
,
, , (. 3.6).
,
- .

Maximize
Viewport Toggle
Maximize Viewport Toggle (
. 3.4. Alt+W)
Perspective Zoom .
- .

. 3.5. Zoom Extents Zoom Extents All


.
Zoom Extents
, ;
.
Zoom Extents Selected
, (
) ;
Zoom Extents All
, ;
;
Zoom Extents All Selected
, ( . 3.6.
) . Perspective Zoom Region
Z.
64 3. 65



(pan)
. , -
(
) , , ,
, .
Pan(-
Ctrl+P).
,.
I.
, ,
- , .


-
Orbit. Perspective
: Field-of-View Walk Through.

Orbit
Orbit (. 3.7) . 3.8. Orbit

- ( Perspective). (. 3.8).
.
Orbit , -
Orbit ( Ctrl+R) .
.
,
Orbit Selected
. , .
Orbit SubObjects ,
. ,
.
-
9. , , - ,
Orbit - .
- ,
. - ,
- .
Orbit -
. 3.7. , (Top, Front, Left ..),
Orbit Orthographic.
66 3. 67

Field,of,View
Field-of-View ( Ctrl+W) -
Field-of-View (. . 3.2)
, Perspective. -
, -
, -
(. 3.9).
Field-of-View Zoom
, ( )
, .

Walk Through
Walk Through,
Perspective -
Pan View,
(
- ). . 3.10. Walk Through
- -
-,
- (. 3.10)
- (. 3.11) .

. 3.11. Walk Through

Walk Through -
. 3.9. Field-of-View Ctrl+P, .
68 3. 69

Other Facets + Highlights


Walk Through ,
, , Walk Through, (. 3.13).
AutoKey.
VII.



3ds Max
.
: ,
-, ,
, .
?
? .
-
,
, - .
3ds Max (wireframe) , -
. -
. 3.12.
, , -
, (polygon).

,
- ( ,
-), , ,
, ,
.

(. 3.12).
. 3.12,
- .
Smooth + Highlights ,
Perspective.
,
.
Wireframe , ,
Perspective.
.
Other Smooth . 3.13. Facets + Highlights
, .
70 3. 71

Other Facets
,
; .
Other Flat
, (. 3.14), -
(flat); .
Other Hidden Line
(. 3.15).
Other Lit Wireframe Wireframe,
.
, .
Other Bounding Box
(. 3.16).

.
Edged Faces ,
;
Smooth, Smooth + Highlights,
Facets, Facets + Highlights Flat.
. 3.15. Hidden Line

Wireframe Bounding Box -


. , G

. 3.16. Bounding Box

Show Grid (. . 3.12).


. 3.14. Flat - .
72 3. 73

- Autodesk,
Rendering Level Rendering Method Autodesk Design Review, ,
Viewport Configuration (. 3.17), , .
Views Viewport Configuration Configure ViewCube , -
(. . 3.12). Show the ViewCube ViewCube
Viewport Configuration (. 3.18).

ViewCube
Viewport Configuration
(. 3.19),

.
, Orbit.
, Apply To . 3.19,
( ), (
(Active Viewport Only), (All Viewports), ) (
(All but Active), . ) .
( Alt+Ctrl+H),

(home position).

,
:
.
F3 Smooth + Highlights Wireframe .
F4 Edged Faces.



-
, 3ds Max 2009 -
, (ViewCube) (SteeringWheel).

. 3.18. ViewCube Viewport Configuration

. 3.19.
. 3.17. Rendering Method Viewport Configuration
74 3. 75
. 3.22. . 3.23.
(, Orbit)
- .
-
ViewCube Viewport Configuration. -
(. . 3.18) , , -
Views ViewCube Properties Configure
(. 3.20).
ViewCube , ,
- , , ,
- .
SteeringWheel, SteeringWheel View Object Wheel
Views SteeringWheels Toggle SteeringWheels ( -
Shift+W), -
-
Rewind, View Object
, .
Wheel, 3ds Max 2009.
- ,
, - (. 3.24).
(. 3.21). Try Me,
.

,
, (. 3.22).
View Object Wheel -
, . 3.23.
Zoom Orbit,
Center Zoom, -
(pivot).

. 3.20. . 3.21.
,


. 3.24. Rewind
76 3.

. 3.26. SteeringWheels Viewport Configuration


. 3.25.

Wheel
Tour Building

,
Tour Building Wheel,
, ,
- . (.
3.25) ,
Forward, Look, Up/Down,
Rewind.
(. . 3.22) Full Navigation
Wheel -
, View Object Wheel,
Tour Building Wheel.
, , -
SteeringWheels Viewport Settings.
, . 3.26,
Configure . ,
SteeringWheels Viewport Settings ,
Views SteeringWheels Properties.
()
,
-. 3ds Max
Autodesk
-. ,
. ,
- .
-.
II


4.
5.

6. NURBS-
7. 3D-
8. -

4

,
- 3ds Max .
,
.
- , .

,
.
, ,
Name and Color Create .


-
: Create Shapes,
Create . Shapes
Splines (. 4.1).

. 4.1.
80 4. 81

Line
Line .
(line) . -
,
( Perspective ). Spline (. 4.3) Yes. . 4.3.
Line
- Create . ,
, Initial Type Drag Type Spline
Initial Type. Corner,
, . -
Smooth, . ,
Shift. , -
Drag Type.
Backspace. Esc.

(. 4.2): Corner, Smooth Bezier. (Bezier) ,
Modify (. 4.4).
, .
, , ,
. - .
Selection .
Vertex ( 1) /
, .
Segment ( 2) /
, .
Spline ( 3) /
.
Segment End
,
Vertex,
,

.
Show Vertex Number
,

. ,
,
Selected
Only.

.

. 4.2.
Drag Type: ( Corner), . 4.4.
( Smooth), ( Bezier). - Modify,

82 4. 83

Geometry .
Create Line ,
;
New Vertex Type.
Break
, Break.
Attach
; ,
.
Attach Mult.
Select Objects.
Automatic Welding ,
,
Threshold, .
Connect .
Insert .
Fuse .
Cycle
.
Delete . . 4.5.
Corner Radius
Rectangle
(rectangle) , .. -
.
.
Ctrl, -
.
, Modify
, Corner Radius. -
0. ,
. -
(. 4.5).

Circle
(circle) . -
(.4.6).

Ellipse
, (ellipse)
. -
Ctrl, (. 4.7). . 4.6.
84 4. 85

. 4.8.
. 4.7.
Create Modify.
Arc ,
(. 4.9).
(arc),.. .
.
, ,
Corner Radius , Rectangle,
, , . Circular, -
, , , , - , ( Circumscribed) -
,(.4.8). , ,
. 4.8 , ( Inscribed).
- . Pie Slice,
- , ,
, , .
Star
(star) (
Donut Points) ( Radius), -
. -
(donut) , .
-. : Star Distortion Fillet Radius
; . (. 4.10).

NGon Text
(n-gon) N .
Sides , -
86 4. 87

(text).
, Text Parameters
Create (. 4.11).
MAX Text, Text
.
Text (. . 4.11)
, , (
, , ),
( Size), / ( Kerning)
( Leading).

Text. ,
Manual Update
Update, .

Helix
(helix)
( ) .
Height 0, (. 4.12).
Radius 1 Radius 2
. 4.9. . ,

. 4.10. . 4.11.
88 4. 89

. 4.13.

. 4.12. 1. Create Shapes,


Section.
, , - 2. (
. CW, Perspective) Section.
, CCW . 3. Select and Move Main
Height , Turns Toolbar ,
- . Bias, (. 4.14).
-, 1 1. 4. Modify Section
- 0, , Parameters Create Shape.
. Bias 1, - Name Section Shape . -
Radius 1, Line SShape01.
Bias 1, 5. H
Radius 2. Select Objects SShape01 (. 4.15).
6. Select and Move
Section - (. 4.16).

(section) -
. .

. : Create Extended Shapes,
Create . Shapes
, : Box Cylinder Extended Splines (. 4.17).
(. 4.13).
,
.
- (. 4.18).
90 4. 91
. 4.14. , . 4.16.

. 4.15. Select Objects


Modify . 4.17.
92 4.

5


, , -
.
. , .
.
-
, .


. 4.18. -
, Modify
WRectangle . Rendering.
Channel . , Top Circle
Angle . Rendering Enable in Viewport.
Tee . ,
(. 5.1).
Wide Flange .
Radial Rectangular. -
Radial, .
-, . Rectangular, -
, . 5.2

- ,
. ,
Rendering Enable in
Renderer. -, ,
.

, ,
- .
- IV. V,
- VI.
, .
1. 3ds Max .
2. Top Circle 0,25 .
94 5. 95

. 5.1. Enable in Viewport . 5.2. Rectangular



3. Modify Rendering - 9. Parameters -
Enable in Renderer Enable in Viewport. Cylindrical Real-
4. Rectangular - World Map Size. , -
: Length = 2 ; Width = 0,1 ; Angle = 5. . 5.4.
5. Rendering Material Editor. 10. U Tile V Tile
6. Material Editor - 5.0,
11 ( , ), - .
Assign Material to Selection , 12. Rendering
. 5.3. Environment
7. - Environment
, . - Environment and Effects.
(modifier).
13. Common Parameters
Materials Editor Modify . Background Color -
8. Modifier List - -
UVW Mapping. Color Selector: Background Color
. .

. 5.3. Materials Editor


96 5. 97

. 5.6.

. 5.4.
UVW Mapping
14. OK
Color Selector: Background Color -
Environment and Effects,
Render Preview
Exposure Control (. 5.5). . (wireframe)
15. Environment and , , -
Effects . -
Rendering Render. - (. 5.7).
, (
. 5.6. ), .
16. .max.
Convert To Convert To Editable Mesh (. 5.8).
Surface Mapper (
,
UVW Map).
. 5.5. Environment
Environment and Effects .
98 5. 99

. 5.7. Smooth + Highlights


Circle01 Cylinder01 -

. 5.8. Convert To Editable Mesh (

Surface Mapper)

(extrusion) ,
- . NURBS- 6,
- - 8.
.
- . , .
Circle . ,
- , .
, Modify
Extrude ( -.
Modifiers Mesh Editing Extrude). Front Line
. 5.9. . ,
Amount, Cap Start Cap End. - .
Amount , Cap Start 1. Extrude Amount -
Cap End -, (. 5.10). 0,25 . (. 5.11).
Output : 2. Environment Environment and Effects
Editable Patch; Editable Mesh NURBS. (. . 5.5)
100 5. 101

. 5.10. Cap Start Cap


End

. 5.9. Circle01
0,25 . 0,25
Cylinder01,
Edged Faces
Perspective (, Shift+Q
Rendering Render).
3. -
, , -
.
F10, Render Setup
( mental ray Renderer).
4. Common Common Parameters
- Options Force 2-Sided.
5. , Render, -
Render Setup.
- , . 5.12. . 5.11. ,

. .
, - V VI.

102 5. 103

. 5.13. ,
Star

. 5.12. Force 2-Sided


Common Render Setup


- ,
- .

.

.
1. Front Star.
2. Extrude
Amount 0,25 .
3. Cap End. -
(. 5.13).
. 5.14 ,
- Helix. . 5.14.
104 5. 105


3ds Max
(lathe),
- Lathe.

. Lathe
.
Degrees ;
Capping ;
Direction ;
Align (
).


Line, (, -
, , ..) .

, .
.
1. 3ds Max .
2. Front Line,
.
3. Spline Selection Modify , . 5.15. Select and
- , <Shift>,
Move. , Selection
- Select and Move, Modify Spline
- , (. 5.15).
6. Geometry Modify Fuse,
!
. (
Select and Move
, -
Shift (copy) , . ,
, . - - .)
, 7. . 5 6 (. 5.16).
(clone) , . -
8. Vertex,
. -
-, Select and Move
11.
, -
( ).
4. Vertex Selection Modify , - 9. Lathe -
- : Degrees = 360; Segments = 32; Direction = Y; Align = Max.
. 10. (. 5.17) .max.
5. .
Direction Align Lathe
, , (. 5.18).
Selection 2 Vertices Selected.
106 5. 107
. 5.16. , . 5.17.

.
, Selection Modify
Vertex

. 5.18.
Direction = Y, Align = Min
6
NURBS,

NURBS, , B-
(Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines). -
,
, . -
NURBS- -
, -
.

NURBS
NURBS Create
Shapes
NURBS Curves. NURBS (. 6.1).
(point curve), .
Point Curve
Object Type.
(control vertex curve),
(control vertex).
CV Curve Object Type.

Create Draw in All Viewports (. 6.2),


NURBS- ,
. NURBS--
.

NURBS,
NURBS-
. -
.

Curve CV.
+
NURBS Curve Curve CV (. 6.3).
1.
110 6. NURBS- NURBS 111

. 6.1. NURBS-

. 6.2. NURBS-
, . 6.4, Modify
CV,
.
NURBS,
,
.

Fuse ; NURBS-
Refine , Modify
; Create Sur-faces (. 6.4).
Delete ; Create Surface -
NURBS, . -
Extend
.
NURBS- .
Extrude (
Extrude).
- . Lathe (
Lathe).
Top Level; Ruled NURBS .
Curve CV; U Loft UV Loft (
1. NURBS, ).
112 6. NURBS- NURBS 113

. 6.4. Create Surface Modify


(
NURBS Curve)


NURBS
- .
Front
NURBS, . 6.5.
.
1. Perspective.
2.
Modify Create Surfaces.
3. Extrude,
- . Extrude Surface
- Amount -0,2 (. 6.6).
4. Ctrl+Z,
5. Create Surfaces Lathe.
6. Degrees 360. Direction
, Align Center.
7. Flip Normals.
8. (. 6.7).
9. (Ctrl+Z).

. 6.3. NURBS-
Modify

1-Rail NURBS ,
,
.
2-Rail NURBS ,
,
.

Extrude Lathe
,
Create Surfaces NURBS.
- , .

Create Surfaces
- Modify
. ,
- . . 6.5. NURBS-
114 6. NURBS- NURBS 115

. 6.6. Extrude . 6.7. Lathe


10. Create Surfaces Ruled. NURBS
11. , (. 6.8). .
12. - ,
13. Create Surfaces U Loft. General Curves Surfaces ( Dependents) .
14. , ,
-, .
15. , .
16. U Loft Surface Flip Normals (. 6.9).
17. Ctrl+Z, . NURBS
18. Create Surfaces 1-Rail. NURBS -
19. , . . -
20. , NURBS, .
(. 6.10). ,
21. . Create Geometry,
22. Create Surfaces 2-Rail. NURBS Surfaces.
23. , , NURBS-, NURBS (
- . Point Surf) ( CV Surf).
24.,(. 6.11). NURBS , -
116 6. NURBS- NURBS 117

. 6.9.
. 6.8. NURBS
NURBS U Loft
Ruled
, - Modify Point ( -
Length Points Width Points ( Point Surf) ) CV ( ),
Length CVs Width CVs ( CV Surf) (. 6.12). (. 6.13)
Selection -
NURBS .
NURBS, Single CV
.
- . , , Row of CVs .
.
Column of CVs .
- .
Row and Column of CVs ,

.
Point ( )
Surface CV ( ). All CVs .
+ ,
NURBS Surface Point ( .
) Surface CV ( ). Fuse ;
2. , .
118 6. NURBS- NURBS 119

. 6.10. NURBS . 6.11.


1-Rail NURBS 2-Rail

Delete ( Point,
), ( Col), ( Row)
( Both, ).
NURBS
Refine NURBS
. -, Modify Create
Sur-faces (. . 6.4).
Insert ( Point,
), ( Col), ( Row) Transform
( Both, ). , Shift.
Blend ,
( ).
- .
Offset NURBS
, .
Top Level.
Mirror
Point ( ) ,
Surface CV ( ). Mirror .
2.