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LIRNGHING LAKAH KAN HIM ANGEM?

Kan ram leh a chhehv>l leilung nihphung te leh, lirngh$ngin a nghawng tawh d^nte enin, Bureau of India Standards (BIS) chuan Mizoram hi na taka lirngh$ng theihna hmun- Seismic Zone V (IS: 1893 (Part 1)-2002) ah an dah a. T<n thlengin lirnghing na tak (magnitude 6 chung lam) kan la t^wk lo hlauh a, kan v^nnei hl>. Engtikah nge t<na kan tawh \hin (magnitude 1 to 5) aia na z^wk kan tawh d^wn tih te, khawi laiah nge a nat zual ang tihte sawi leh chh<t l^wk hleih theih loh a nih av^ngin kan dinhmun a him leh him loh kan hriat hmasak a \<l a ni.

Lirnghing hian thihna a thlen thei a ni kan tih fo lai hian, in sak d^n kalphung diklo leh himlo av^nga chhiatna thleng a ni z^wk mah. Hmun hrang hranga zirbingna neih tawh a\angin, pi leh pute a\anga in sak d^n-phung (tradition) kalpui ten lirnghing hi an tuar n>p z>l a. In chung at^n bungraw z^ng leh a sakna hmanrua-ah pawh a z^ng lam an hman v^ng a ni tl^ngpui. Leilung nghet lo va sak anih chuan an tuar ve viau tho a, concrete building ai chuan tuar n>p tak an ni. In a rih poh leh a nghawng a nat \hin av^ng a ni.

Haiti vrs Chile Lirnghing: January ni 12, 2010 -ah Haiti ram chu lirnghing tehna ritcher scale magnitude 7-a n^-in a nuai a, mi 2,30,000 v>l an thi a; Feb. ni 27 tlai lam kh^n Chile vaukam chu lirnghing na tak, ni khat sei z^wng microseconds 1.26 laia titawitu magnitude 8.8 (Haiti lirnghing l>t 501 v>la n^)-in a nuai bawk a, mi 1000 tlinglo an thi thung. Chile hian vawi tam tak lirnghing an tuar tawh a, kum 1960-a magnitude 9.5 (Vadivia earthquake, khawv>la lirnghing na ber record)-a n^ an tawh hn< kh^n, in sak d^n mumal tak an nei \an a. D^n an z^wm \ha a; an building sak d^n- ‘strong columns weak beams’ system an tih chu an zawm \hat v^ngin lirnghing hi na viau mah se, an tuar n>p hl> a ni (Anthony Reuben, BBC News).

Haiti mipuite hi kum 250 kaltaa lirnghing na tak an tawrh b^k la tuar lo, ram hausa lo (Western Hemisphere-a ram rethei ber), in sak d^n t<r ruahmanna \ha awm loh av^nga duh ang anga sa (lirnghing, etc. laka himna t<r ngaihtuah l>m lo; Mizoram mipui ang deuh!) an ni ber a. Haitian Architech Patrick Midy chuan an rama in pathum v>l chauh chu lirnghing laka him thei (earthquake resistant building) t<ra duan a hriat thu a sawi. H>ng lirnghing pahnih a\ang hian in sak d^n kalhmang \ha leh him neih a \<l d^n kan hre thei awm e.

Na taka lirnghing theihna rama awm Mizorama kan insak d^n leh Haiti dinhmun hi a inang viau. Concrete building ngais^nga uar >m >m, hausa si lo; a \hente phei chu ph^k b^ka din uaih mai, a tlo leh \ha t<r aia hmanraw man tl^wm zawng, sum luhna a \hat leh deuh av^nga in sak sa-in a d^wl zawh leh zawh loh t<r ngaihtuah l>m lova zawm chhawng ta vak mai, heti lama mithiam rawn hreh, r^wn chhunte pawhin a zawng a z^a z^wm \ha leh duh lo kan ni tlat mai a. Chuv^ngin, lirnghing na tak tuar t<r chuan kan dinhmun a him tehchiam lo.

May ni 2, 2008-ah ADA (Aizawl Development Authority) D^n hi hman \an a ni a; hemi a\anga March ni 19, 2010 thlenga in sak phalna p>k tawh hi:- Ordinary- 786, Semi- Permanent Building- 61, Concrete building (Mobile Phone tower tiamin)- 619, a vaiin 1,468 a ni a, d$lna hmuh zawng zawng chu 1,775 a ni. H>ng building sak phalna p>k tawh zawng zawngte innghahna-

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ADA Building Regulations, 2008 hian lirnghing, leimin leh thlipui laka himna at^na Indian Standards a z^wm a (The Aizawl Development Authority Building Regulation, 2008, Chapter III, 31. Structural Design, p 26, 42-43), Structural Engineer-ten heti ang t<r hian an duang em? ADA-a thawkte pawhin in sak d^n t<r ruang^m (drawing) dik leh dik loh b^kah, lirnghing na tak pawh t^wk ila, a him ngei angem, tihte chh<t hmasa in phalna an pe em? In mawi leh nalh a \ha, chu ai pawimawh chu lirnghing na tak pawh lo thleng se, a him angem tih hi a ni.

Rawtna: ADA-in 2002 Aizawl Master Plan leh Landslide Zonation Map a hman te hi a scale a lian lutuk

a, a tak taka hman anih d^wn chuan zui hleih theih loh tam tak a awm ang. Geology & Mining Wing

kan nei a, anni hian Aizawl Geology tal chu chipchiar leh rintl^k takin siam thei se, Landslide Zonation Map pawh hi siam \hat (1:3000 scale tal) ni thei se. H>ng hi a harsa a nih chuan, ADA-ah hian deputation-a Geologist/Geophysist dah d^n kawng zawn emaw, post thar siam ni ta se chuan, leilung ngheh leh ngheh loh d^n endik kawngah harsatna a awm loh a rinawm. In sakna at^na hmanraw hman t<r (building materials) specification report leh in sak n^na hman a inmil leh inmil loh leh a \hat d^n endik ni thei bawk se.

Assam type-a in sak hi kan uar deuh deuh a \<l. Kum 1897 June ni 12-a Assam lirnghing (magnitude 8.1) a\ang kh^n Assam type-a in sak hi mithiamte chuan India hmarchhak, ruahtui tamna leh lir na tak nghin theihna hmun at^na him leh \ha berah an ngai a ni. Concrete-a in kan sa duh/ thei a nih chuan, kan insakna bungrua- iron rod, cement, etc. te a \ha chauh hmang ila; heti ang kan tlin lo anih chuan sak loh ngam a him z^wk. Concrete building-a sa tawhte hian, rawng hnawih thar leh chei mawi, sak chhunzawm aiin Lirnghing laka kan him theihna at^n thawm \ha (IS 13935- 1993 angin) hmasa bawk ila. Ruahman l^wkna fel tak kan nei anih loh chuan in chunga tuiz>m lian dah hi a him lo.

Lir na tak nghing ta se, ADA-in a pawmpuia in sa te hi a him angem? Him lo awm palh ta se,

Architech Licence Holder 22, Supervisor Licence Holder 17, Structural Engineer Licence Holder- 18, Engineer Licence Holder 49 leh Group/Firm Licence Holder 3 (as on 22.3.2010)– te z$nga mi leh insak phalna petu ADA- ten mawh an phur a rinawm, z^ngnadawmna a awm angem? Khawpui himna t<ra ADA hi din a nih tlat avangin, mipui t^n a \ha >m >m a. In sa t<r-ten thuawih pawh tum ila, kan Mizopa thluakin ph^k chin nei mah se kan himna t<ra d^n awm hi zawm mai a \ha. Kan in hmun azirin fuh t^wklo leh \hat t^wk lohna lai erawh a awm thei, thinrim leh sawichhe mai lovin d^n kengkawhtu lam n>n ngun taka ngaihtuah hovin kan him theih d^n t<r zawng tl^ng thei ila.

A r<k a r^la in sa t<r v>ng t<r leh kan himna at^n V/C ten an hmal^kna thl^wp z>l ila, thawktu

lam pawhin \an la se (a nghet lova thawkte t^n hian huaisen a har angem?), mipui himna an kuta awm ani tih hria-in uluk takin endik \h$n se, in sak duangtu, satu leh viltu lam pawhin hl^wkna um lutuk lovin neitu rilru pu (s>nso tam lutuk, sak zawhna man tur tihtam av^nga hlawh- percent siam tam tum lovin)-in thawk z>l thei se a va duhawm em! Kan sawrkar chak tak hian, Aizawl mai ni lo district tin khawpuiah tal hian heti lam kawngah hian hma la se, a tlai lutuk hma hian ngaihtuahna s>ng teh se. Aizawl-ah ngei pawh kan hman hun a tlai hret, mahse hman miah loh ai chuan a \ha z^wk.

- Laldinpuia Research Scholar, MZU