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Ques Which QCI bearer is used for IMS Signaling?

Ans - VOLTE capable UE makes one more default bearer with QCI-5 for IMS related signaling.
APN (Access Point Name) used for this default bearer is always IMS.

QoS Class Identifier (QCI) is a mechanism used in 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) networks to
ensure bearer traffic is allocated appropriate Quality of Service (QoS). Different bearer traffic
requires different QoS and therefore different QCI values

Ques Which protocol is used for communication between MME and HSS?

Ans http://www.lteandbeyond.com/2012/01/interfaces-and-their-protocol-stacks.html

Nodes Interfaces Protocol


UE - ENB Uu
ENB - SGW S1- U GTP-U (GPRS Tunnelling
Protocol for the user plane):
This protocol tunnels user
data between eNodeB and
SGW.
UDP: This protocol transfers
user data. UDP is defined in
RFC 768.

ENB - MME S1- MME S1-AP (S1 Application


Protocol): Application Layer
Protocol between the
eNodeB and MME.
SCTP (Stream Control
Transmission
Protocol): This protocol
guarantees delivery of
signalling messages between
MME and eNodeB (S1).
MME SGW S11 GTP-C: This protocol
tunnels signalling messages
between MME and SGW.
UDP: This protocol transfers
signalling messages between
MME and SGW.

MME HSS S6a Diameter: This protocol


supports transferring of
subscription and
authentication data for
authenticating/authorizing
user access to the evolved
system between MME and
HSS (S6a). Diameter is
defined in RFC 3588.
SCTP: This protocol
transfers signalling
messages. SCTP is defined
in RFC 4960.

SGW PGW S5 / S8 This protocol tunnels


signalling messages between
SGW and PGW.
UDP: This protocol transfers
signalling messages between
SGW and PGW.

PGW IMS Sgi


PGW PCRF Gx
PCRF IMS Rx
SGSN- MME S3 GTP-C (GPRS Tunnelling
Protocol for the Control
Plane): This protocol tunnels
signalling messages between
SGSN and MME
UDP (User Datagram
Protocol): This protocol
signaling messages.

SGSN - SGW S4 GTP-C (mentioned above):


This protocol tunnels
signalling messages between
SGSN and SGW.
UDP: This protocol transfers
signalling messages
Ques -

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