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Level 3

Rafael Correa Delgado Postcards 2A, Student's book
First Edition
Authorized adaptation from the United Kingdom edition, entitled
MINISTRO DE EDUCACIN Snapshot, rst edition, published by Pearson Education Limited
Augusto Espinosa Andrade publishing under its Longman imprint.
Copyright 1998.
Viceministro de Educacin
American English adaptation, published by Pearson Education,
Pablo Cevallos Estarellas Inc. Copyright 2008.

Viceministro de Gestin Educativa Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
Daro Rodrguez Rodrguez
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any
form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
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Miriam Chacn Caldern publisher.

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The Ministry of Education aims at providing Ecuadors students with

both the foreign language knowledge and the skills needed to succeed
in todays globalized world as English is the international language
that will allow them to access knowledge and information and that will
become an instrument of personal and professional empowerment to
build a more prosperous, equitable society.

textbooks to students. This will contribute to the learning process in a

positive manner, for every student will have an additional resource to
aid them in their language acquisition process.

These textbooks as well as the teaching-learning approach adopted

are guided by the Common European Framework of Reference for
Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, which is an internationally
recognized standard for the explicit description of educational
objectives, content elaboration, and methods as well as a basis for

Since the communicative language approach will shape the teaching

and learning practices in Ecuadorian classrooms, both teachers and
learners are enthusiastically invited to make use of the
English language for meaningful communication
and as a tool to open windows to the world,
unlock doors to opportunities, and expand
their minds to the understanding of new
ideas and other cultures.

Ministry of Education
Student Book
Scope and Sequence iv
UNIT 5 Everybodys waiting for us. 42
Game 2 50
Characters vi
Project 2 51
Lets get started. 2
UNIT 6 What are you going to wear? 52
UNIT 1 Meet Alex and his friends. 6 Progress check 59
Wide Angle 2 60
UNIT 2 Do you have any pizza dough? 14
Fun with songs 1 2 62
Progress check 21
Focus on culture 1 2 64
Game 1 22
Project 1 23 Fun with grammar 68
Word list 70
UNIT 3 Are there any chips left? 24
Wide Angle 1 32 Language Booster
UNIT 4 How often do you go rock Workbook 72
climbing? 34 Grammar Builder 114
Progress check 41 Peer editing checklist 138
Scope and Sequence
Unit Title Communication Grammar
Pages 25 Lets get started.
Meet Alex and his Describe someones personality Review of the simple present
Possessive pronouns: mine, yours (sing.), hers, his,
friends. ours, yours (pl.), theirs

Pages 613

Do you have any pizza Give and follow instructions Count and noncount nouns
Imperatives (Commands)

Pages 1420

Page 21 Progress check Units 1 and 2 Test-taking tip: Be prepared.

Page 22 Game 1: Stomp, spin, and spell
Page 23 Project 1: A snapshot of a great snack

Are there any chips left? Make an offer There is / There are with some and any
Questions with How much and How many
Expressions of quantity: a little, a few, a lot of,
not much, not many

Pages 2431

Pages 3233 Wide Angle 1: International treats

How often do you go Express preferences: would Adverbs of frequency

rather Expressions of frequency
rock climbing? How often

Pages 3440

Page 41 Progress check Units 3 and 4 Test-taking tip: Stay positive and relaxed.

Everybodys waiting Talk about whats going on The present continuous

now The simple present contrasted with the
for us. present continuous

Pages 4249

Page 50 Game 2: Sentence charades

Page 51 Project 2: A snapshot of a special interest

What are you going to Talk about clothes too + adjective; not + adjective + enough
Comment and compliment Present continuous for future arrangements
wear? Be going to + verb for future plans,
intentions, and predictions

Pages 5258

Page 59 Progress check Units 5 and 6 Test-taking tip: Keep your eyes on your own paper.

Pages 6061 Wide Angle 2: What is beauty?

iv Scope and Sequence

Vocabulary Skills Learn to learn Pronunciation

Personality traits Reading: Identify people from descriptions Expand your vocabulary Linking words in
, Listening: Listen for specific information to connected speech
complete a chart
Speaking: Describe peoples personalities; Talk
about yourself
Writing: Write about your ideal person

Foods for various meals Reading: Read for specific information Learn words that are Using stress and
Listening: Listen to determine true and false often used together intonation to express
information (collocations) strong feelings
Speaking: Give and follow instructions
Writing: Make a poster on healthful eating

Foods at the Reading: Read to discriminate information Learn collocations with Would you
supermarket Listening: Listen to identify true information food
Speaking: Discuss your reactions to errands;
Talk about a place described in a reading
Writing: Write about a shopping place

Sports and activities Reading: Read a bar graph Learn collocations in The sound // in soccer
Listening: Listen for specific information context
Speaking: Talk about what you like and dont
like doing when you dont have school
Writing: Write about what you like and dont
like doing during your free time

Classroom activities Reading: Read a blog for specific information Role-play to practice Words beginning with
Listening: Listen to discriminate information English s + another consonant
Speaking: Talk about reasons for running late
Writing: Write about what usually happens at

Clothes Reading: Read for specific information Change nouns to The pronunciation of
Listening: Listen to discriminate information adjectives going to
Speaking: Talk about the kind of clothes you
like; Discuss your opinion
Writing: Write a list of fashion dos and donts

Scope and Sequence v

1 Personal information
Read the information. Then complete the form with your own information.

Last name First name Age Address Tel. no. E-mail

Hudson Kathleen 13 61 Park Avenue (212) 555-3586 kat123@mail.com
New York, NY
10303 U.S.A.

2 Relationships Mr. and Mrs. Dursley Mr. and Mrs. Evans Mr. and Mrs. Potter
The family
A. Read the family words.
Marjorie Vernon Petunia Lily James
grandfather and Dursley Dursley Evans Evans Potter
grandmother = grandparents
father and mother = parents
son and daughter = children
brother uncle Dudley Dursley Harry Potter
sister cousin only child
aunt only child

B. PAIRS. Write some of the

words from Exercise A in
Harry Potters family tree.

A. Read the words and look
at the pictures.

B. Write names below best friend friends boyfriend girlfriend

the pictures where

classmates neighbor pet

2 Lets get started.

3 Classroom commands
A. Look at the pictures and read the commands. Brooke is short
and pretty.
How old
are you?
Your turn.

How old
are you?
1. Cover. 2. Take turns. 3. Describe. 4. Repeat.

What do
you think?
I think . . .

5. Discuss. 6. Think. 7. Circle. 8. Imagine.

Are you famous?

No. Try again.

9. Draw. 10. List. 11. Guess. 12. Underline.

B. PAIRS. Take turns. Student A, act out a command from Exercise A. Student B, guess the
command. Act out at least three commands each.

4 Everyday activities
A. Read the phrases and look at the pictures.

1. wake up 2. get up 3. take a shower 4. brush my teeth 5. have breakfast 6. leave the house

7. go to school 8. have lunch 9. get home from school 10. have dinner 11. do my homework 12. go to bed

B. PAIRS. Ask each other questions using some of the phrases in Exercise A.
Lets get started. 3
Grammar 7 Adjectives
Look at the adjectives. Match them with at
5 Nouns least two nouns from the box.

A. Write two more examples for each game girl hair house magazine
category. mall man movie park test

Category Example 1. beautiful: beautiful girl ,

months January, 2. big: ,
days of the week Sunday, 3. boring: ,
classroom objects board, 4. easy: ,
colors red,
5. expensive: ,
countries Spain,
6. interesting: ,
rooms of a house kitchen,
7. long: ,
places in a town park,
occupations teacher, 8. short: ,
9. tall: ,
B. What words begin with capital letters in
10. young: ,
Exercise A? Give one more example for
1. places: India , 8 Verbs
2. things: Apple computer , Fill in the past form.
3. people: Mr. Sandler ,
Base form Simple past form
6 Pronouns bring
A. Fill in the missing object pronouns. come
Subject Object
I me
get up
It it
You you
B. Write the subject pronouns from Exercise A walk
in the correct column. write
First person Second person Third person

4 Lets get started.

9 Prepositions of location Communication
A. Read the sentences and
look at the pictures. 11 Ask and answer questions
A. 2 Listen to the questions and the
Wheres the balloon?
Its under the table.
Its behind the computer. A: Whats todays date?
B: Its February 13th.
Where are the CDs? A: What time is it?
Theyre in the bag. B: Its twelve oclock.
Theyre on the bag. A: What day is it?
B: Its Wednesday.
Wheres the balloon?
A: What year is it?
Its above the table.
B: Its 2010.
Its in front of the TV.
A: Whens your birthday?
B. PAIRS. Take turns. Ask where four B: Its on November 8th.
classroom objects are. Use prepositions
of location in your answers. B. Take turns. Ask and answer the questions
A: Where are your books? in Exercise A. Give true answers.
B: Theyre in my bag. Wheres the teachers
bag? 12 Say goodbye
A: Its . . .
A. Read the expressions
10 This/These; That/Those 1. Good luck.
A. Read the sentences and look at the Thanks.
pictures. 2. Goodbye.

3. Keep in touch.

This is my book. These are my books.

4. Have a great weekend/day/trip.

5. Take care.
Thats an apple. Those are apples.
B. PAIRS. Point to two things that are near
you and two things that are far from you. B. Write the appropriate response below each
Ask your classmate what the objects are. expression in Exercise A. A response can be
Switch roles. used to respond to several expressions in
Exercise A.
For example:
Sure. Bye./See you.
A: Whats this? Thanks. / Thank you. You, too.
B: Its a ruler.
A: What are those on the teachers table?
B: Those are dictionaries. Your turn.

Lets get started. 5

Learning goals
1 Reading Communication
Read along as you listen to Alex and Describe someones personality
his friends. Grammar
Review of the simple present
Possessive pronouns: mine,
yours (sing.), hers, his, ours,
Hi. My names Alex Romero.
yours (pl.), theirs
Im 15 years old. Im a member
of Teen Scene, a drama and
music group. I play the guitar. Vocabulary
Personality traits
Im easygoing, and Im not shy!
Hi. Im Joseph Sanders, but my nicknames
Joe. Im also 15. Diane, my sister, says Im a
bookworm because I enjoy reading. I love books.
Alex and I are best friends, but were opposites.
Hes easygoing, but Im a little serious. Alex is
pretty popular with girls.

Im Lori Hudson. Im
15. Diane, Karen, and
I are friends. Were all
in Teen Scene. Were
also in Green Fire,
a dance and music Hello. Im Diane
group. Sanders, and Im
14 years old. My
Im shy, except when brother Joe and I
Im performing. My are very different.
mom tells me Im very Im outgoing and
competitive. I always friendly, but hes
try to be the best. quiet and studious.
Hes also really

My names Karen
Jackson, and Im 14. Im
from Los Angeles, but
now I live in New York
City. I love Broadway!
I go to a lot of shows.
Im also outgoing and
friendly, like Diane. Thats
why we click.

6 Unit 1
2 Comprehension 3 Vocabulary
A. Write the names of the Personality traits
A. Match each personality trait with the correct definition.
1. Hes the director of
Teen Scene. 1. popular b a. makes a lot of rules to be followed
Paul Chan 2. easygoing b. liked by a lot of people

2. Alex is his best friend. 3. quiet c. not easily upset; usually not worried
4. studious d. enjoyable or entertaining

3. Shes from Los Angeles. 5. smart e. spends a lot of time studying

6. serious f. intelligent

4. Shes Joes sister. 7. outgoing g. very calm; not noisy or loud

8. shy h. very sensible; usually works hard

5. He plays the guitar. 9. competitive i. enjoys meeting new people

10. fun j. determined to be better than other
6. Shes in Green Fire with
Diane and Karen. 11. strict k. uncomfortable around other people
B. PAIRS. Which of the adjectives in Exercise A describe you?
Talk with a classmate.
B. Read along as you
listen again. Check your For example:
answers. A: Im pretty easygoing, but Im also shy. What about you?
B: Im not shy at all. Im very outgoing.
C. GROUPS. Form groups of four. Choose adjectives from
Exercise A that describe one of your classmates. Describe that
person to the members of your group and have them guess
the persons name.

Im Paul Chan, the

director of Teen
Scene. Im 26. I
Learn to learn
enjoy working with Expand your vocabulary.
teenagers. Theyre When you learn a new adjective, try to learn its
fun, but theyre also opposite, too. This will double your vocabulary.
Im serious, but Im Match the adjectives with their opposites. Use a
not strict. Im just dictionary if you need to.
a perfectionist! 1. studious a. shy
2. friendly b. lazy
3. fun c. strict
4. outgoing d. unpopular
5. popular e. talkative
6. quiet f. unfriendly
7. easygoing g. boring

Unit 1 7
Review of the simple present: be
Affirmative statements Negative statements
Im 15. Im not in Teen Scene.
Diane is outgoing. Dianes not shy. / Diane isnt shy.
Lori and Diane are friends. Theyre not sisters. / They arent sisters.
Were in Green Fire. Were not in Green Fire. / We arent in Green Fire.
Yes/No questions Affirmative answers Negative answers
Are you in Teen Scene? Yes, I am. No, Im not.
Is Diane outgoing? Yes, she is. No, shes not./No, she isnt.
Are Alex and Joe best friends? Yes, they are. No, theyre not./No, they arent.
Information questions Short answers Long answers
Who is she? My teacher. Shes my teacher.
How old are you? Fifteen. Im 15.
Where are they? At school. Theyre at school.

Discovering grammar 3. Paul:

Look at the grammar chart. Answer the
questions. ()
1. What are the simple affirmative present 4. Karen and Diane:
forms of the verb be? , (+)
, ()
2. What words do Yes/No questions with be 5. Joe:
begin with? , (+)
3. What are some examples of question ()
words used in information questions?
6. Diane:
, , ,
B. GROUPS. Imagine you are one of the
characters. Describe yourself to your
Practicing grammar classmates. They will try to guess which
character you are.
4 Practice
A. Write affirmative (+) and negative () 5 Practice
statements, describing each person. Use
the verb be and the adjectives you have PAIRS. Ask and answer Yes/No questions
learned. about people in your class. Use the cues and
any of your classmates names.
1. Alex:
Alex is popular with girls. 1. shy
A: Is Ann shy?
() Hes not shy.
B: No, shes not./Yes, she is.
2. Lori:
2. outgoing
(+) 3. talkative
() 4. competitive
5. serious
8 Unit 1
6 Practice 8 Communication
Play a game. Go to page 68. Describe someones personality
A. 5 Listen to the conversation.
7 Practice A: Whos that?
A. Write information questions about the B: Hes my classmate.
self-introductions on pages 67. Use the A: Whats his name?
cues. B: Adam.
1. (Who) Paul A: He looks really cool.
B: He is, but hes pretty shy.
Q: Whos Paul?
B. PAIRS. Role-play the conversation with
2. (What) Teen Scene
a partner.
C. PAIRS. With a classmate, write your own
3. (How old) Paul conversation about a new person at your
Q: school. Use Exercise A as your model. Then
role-play your conversation.
4. (What) Green Fire
5. (Who) the Green Fire members
GROUPS. Talk about yourself.
Q: Tell your classmates the following
information about yourself:
6. (What) Loris last name
Q: your name
your nickname if you have one
7. (Who) from Los Angeles your age
Q: other interesting information about yourself
and your personality
B. PAIRS. Take turns asking and answering
Useful language:
the questions in Exercise A. Dont look at
My names . . .
the reading.
My nickname is . . .
Im years old.
Im friendly/shy/serious/etc.
I enjoy . . .

Unit 1 9
9 Dialogue B. Read along as you listen again. Check

6 Cover the dialogue and listen. your answers.

Mom: So, hows Teen Scene, kids? What are

you up to these days? 11 Useful expressions
Joe: A lot. Were busy with practice. We
A. 8 Listen and repeat.
have a show in November.
Mom: Thats great! What kind is it? What are you up to these days?
Diane: Its a musical. Its a mixture of hip- Thats enough.
hop, pop, and Broadway. Thats not so bad.
Dad: Really? Sounds interesting. Whose I bet . . .
idea was it? Sounds [interesting].
Diane: Id like to say mine, but . . . B. Match each expression in Exercise A with
Joe: Yours? Ours, Diane. Not just yours. an expression below.
Dad: Thats enough, you two. So, hows
1. Seems nice. Sounds interesting.
your new director?
Diane: Paul? Hes OK. Hes friendly, but I 2. Whats new?
think hes a perfectionist. 3. Im sure . . .
Joe: Yeah, he makes us practice a lot. Hes 4. Stop it.
really serious.
5. Thats OK.
Mom: Thats not so bad.
Diane: It is. Hes not exactly easygoing.
Mom: I bet he keeps you busy.

10 Comprehension
A. Answer the questions.
1. When is the Teen Scene show this year?
2. What kind of show is it?
3. What adjectives does Diane use to
describe Paul?

10 Unit 1
Review of the simple present: other verbs
Affirmative statement Negative statement
Joe practices every day. He doesnt practice on weekends.
Joe and Diane have busy schedules. They dont have much free time.
Yes/No questions Affirmative answers Negative answers
Does Joe practice on weekends? Yes, he does. No, he doesnt.
Do Joe and Diane have busy schedules? Yes, they do. No, they dont.
Information questions Short answers Long answers
When does Joe practice? After school. He practices after school.
Where do Joe and Diane practice? At school. They practice at school.

Discovering grammar 13 Practice

PAIRS. Look at the grammar chart. Complete the rules with PAIRS. Ask and answer two
do or does. Yes/No questions about each
article in Exercise 12.
1. In questions with he, she, and it, use + the base
form of a verb. For example:
2. In questions with I, you, we, and they, use + the Q: Does Michelle Wie play
base form of a verb. tennis?
A: No, she doesnt. She
plays golf.
Practicing grammar
12 Practice 14 Practice
PAIRS. Ask and answer two
Complete the paragraphs with the simple present.
information questions about
each article in Exercise 12.
1. Michelle Wie (be) only a teenager,
For example:
but she (play) world-class golf.
Q: Where do Angelina Jolie
Michelle (not/spend) all her and Brad Pitt live?
time playing golf. She also (love)
A: They live in California.
reading and drawing.

15 Writing
2. Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie (be) A. In your notebook, write a
Hollywood actors. They (live) magazine article about a
person you admire.
in California. They (do) a lot of
charity work. Angelina (travel) B. PAIRS. Read your
classmates paragraph.
around the world to help the poor. Brad (use) Circle any errors. Use the
his fame to help save the Peer editing checklist on
page 138 to help you.

Unit 1 11
17 Practice
GRAMMAR FOCUS GROUPS. Form groups of four.
Possessive pronouns 1. Every person in your group
Possessive Possessive Possessive Possessive puts three items in a bag.
adjectives pronouns adjectives pronouns Dont look at the items.
my mine Its my book. Its mine. 2. Choose three items from
your yours Its your book. Its yours.
her hers Its her book. Its hers.
the bag. Dont take yours!
his his Its his book. Its his. 3. Find out to whom each item
our ours Its our book. Its ours. belongs. Whoever finds the
your yours Those are your books. Those are yours. owners of all three items
their theirs Those are their books. Those are theirs. first wins.
Question with Whose? Short answer Long answer For example:
Whose is that? Mine. Its mine.
Whose idea is it? Ours. Its ours. A: Daniel, is this yours?
B: No, its not mine. Its his/
Discovering grammar hers.

Look at the grammar chart. Circle the correct answers.

1. A possessive pronoun replaces a possessive adjective and a
18 Pronunciation 1

(pronoun / noun). Linking words in

2. A noun (always / never) follows a possessive pronoun. connected speech
A. 9 Listen and repeat.
A: Whose are these?
Practicing grammar B: Those are mine.

16 Practice A: Whose idea was it?

B: It was his.
Rewrite the sentences. Use possessive pronouns.
A: Whose is it?
1. Those are their CDs. Those CDs are theirs.
B: Its ours.
2. This is her backpack.
B. PAIRS. Practice the
3. Thats our soccer ball. questions and answers.
4. Thats my comic book.
5. Those are his sneakers. 19 Listening
6. This is your cell phone. 10 Listen to the conversation.
Put a check () below the
name of the person who owns
each object.

Object Isabel Lukas

Magazines 5

12 Unit 1
The new director
A. 11 Read along as you listen to the conversation. What activity are Diane and Karen
attending today?

Hi, Diane.

Whose is
it then?
Hi, Karen. Is
that car yours?

I have no
Are you kidding? idea. Why?
I wish. I need a ride
after practice.


Alex drives.
Ask him. Paul Chan.

OK. Guess
what? We have
a new director.
Really? Whats
his name?
Is he nice?

Yeah, but hes
pretty strict.
Mine. Mom said
we could use
our basement.

I wouldnt worry
about him. So
whose house are Cool.
we going to for


B. GROUPS. Discuss: Which do you think is better, a strict teacher or an easygoing one?
Explain your answer.
Unit 1 13
Learning goals
1 Vocabulary
Foods for various meals Give and follow instructions
A. 12 Listen and repeat. Grammar
Count and noncount nouns
Breakfast Imperatives (Commands)
bacon coffee juice omelet Vocabulary
bread eggs maple pancakes Foods for various meals
butter ham syrup sausages
cereal jelly/jam milk tea
Lunch and dinner Snacks and desserts
fruit: apples, pears, sandwiches cake ice cream
bananas, oranges seafood: fish, chips pie
meat: chicken, shrimp
steak, pork chop soda
pasta soup
pizza vegetables
rice water

B. PAIRS. Which of the food items in Exercise A are in the

pictures? Take turns identifying them.
For example:
A: This is rice.
B: These are pancakes.
C. PAIRS. What do you usually eat for breakfast?
for lunch or dinner? for snacks?

14 Unit 2
2 Listening
13 Listen to the report. Then write True or
False. Circle the wrong information in the false Count and noncount nouns
statements. Count nouns (can be counted)
According to the report, . . . Singular Plural
1. Fifty-one percent of teenagers try to an apple two apples
eat something healthful every day. a tomato a few tomatoes
a sandwich several
True sandwiches
2. Eighteen percent of teenagers eat lunch at An apple a day is good for you.
school. Apples are my favorite snack.
Apples have a lot of vitamins.
3. Judy skips lunch at school because she has
Noncount nouns (cannot be counted)
no time for it. milk juice cereal
4. Carlos always has something for lunch at rice coffee cheese
school. Ice cream is my favorite dessert.
5. Carlos eats a nutritious lunch at school.
Discovering grammar
Look at the grammar chart. Circle the
correct answers.
GROUPS. Talk about your eating 1. Use a or an before singular (count /
habits. noncount) nouns.
2. Add -s or -es to (count / noncount) nouns
Useful language:
to make them plural.
Do you always eat breakfast / lunch /
dinner? 3. With noncount nouns, use a (singular /
Whats your favorite snack? plural) verb.
Of course./Not always.
I (dont) always eat . . .
I dont have time to eat . . .
Practicing grammar
3 Practice
A. Connect the three parts to make sentences.
Write the sentences in your notebook.

Subject Verb Complement

Rice a lot of salt.
Chips rich in vitamins and minerals.
Ice cream a lot of sugar.
Cookies good for you.
Vegetables has not that good for you.
Fish have sweet.
Pasta my favorite food.

B. PAIRS. Compare your sentences. Correct

any errors.

Unit 2 15
16 Unit 2
rcise A with


o express



ons. Use

chip pizza.

you making?

Unit 2 17
Imperatives (Commands)
Discovering grammar
Turn left. (Give directions.) Look at the grammar chart. Circle the
Sprinkle some walnuts. (Give instructions.) correct answers.
Stop! (Give orders.)
1. Use (the base form / the past form) of the
Please turn on the oven. (Make polite requests.)
verb in imperatives.
Negative 2. Use (dont / doesnt) before the base form
Dont worry.
in negative imperatives.

Practicing grammar
8 Practice Sprinkle. Open your mouth.
Turn right. Dont erase the
Look at the pictures and the commands. Write Dont turn it off. board.
each command below the correct picture.
Stop complaining.

1. Dont erase the board. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6.

9 Practice
Play a game. Go to page 68.

18 Unit 2
Learn to learn
Learn words that are often used together (collocations).
Learning some words that go together helps you avoid mistakes. Turn on + the oven are examples of
words that go together.

Write each noun next to the verb it goes with. Some nouns can be used more than once.

bread cake butter salt oven eggs

1. Turn on the oven . 5. Sprinkle some on the meat.

2. Toast the . 6. Fry the in a pan.
3. Spread the . 7. Melt the in a pan.
4. Bake the . 8. Preheat the .

10 Practice 11 Communication
A. Look at the underlined nouns in the recipe Give and follow instructions
below. Write C above each count noun and
NC above each noncount noun. A. 18 Listen to the instructions.
1. First, draw a big circle.
B. Complete the procedure for the recipe. Use
2. Next, draw a triangle below the circle.
the verbs in the box. You will use put twice.
Make sure the tip touches the circle.
spread sprinkle put cut 3. Then draw two straight lines starting
from the bottom of the triangle.
4. Finally, draw two straight lines from each
side of the triangle.
B. PAIRS. Student A, read the instructions
out loud. Dont look at Student Bs
1 slice of bread paper. Student B, listen to and follow the
raisins instructions.
2 tablespoons peanut butter
brown sugar
1/8 banana, sliced

Some round chocolate candy , such as M&Ms

1. Cut the slice of bread into the shape of

a circle.
2. the peanut butter on the bread.
3. some sugar on the
peanut butter.
4. two banana slices on
top to make the eyes and a raisin
in the middle for the nose.
C. PAIRS. Switch roles. Student A, listen to
5. the pieces of Student Bs instructions and follow them.
chocolate at the bottom of the
sandwich to make the mouth. D. Compare your drawings. Are your results
the same?
Eat and enjoy your happy face sandwich!

Unit 2 19
12 Reading 13 Comprehension
A. Look at the title and the pictures. What do you think the Discuss and answer these
reading is about? Put a check () before the sentence that questions.
expresses the main idea.
1. What health problem do
1. Food in the United States is delicious. people in the U.S. have?
2. There are too many people in the United States. 2. Why is the U.S. government
worried about it?
3. People in the United States are getting fatter.
3. Who do some people
B. 19 Read along as you listen. blame for Americas weight
4. Why do advertisers say that
Americas problem is not
their fault?
5. What are some schools in
According to surveys, 61 percent of Americans,
the U.S. doing to help the
or 127 million people, are obese. The U.S.
countrys weight problem?
government is worried because too much weight 6. What do experts say is
contributes to diabetes, heart disease, and other the best solution to the
illnesses. problem?
Some people blame the food industry and
advertisers for the nations weight problem. They 14 Writing
say food makers want people to eat when theyre
GROUPS. Make a poster
not hungry and keep eating when theyre full.
on healthful eating and
But food manufacturers say its not their fault maintaining good health
that many Americans are overweight. People can habits for teenagers. Include
choose what they want to eat. They point out that a list of dos and donts.
supermarkets in the United States offer a lot of choices, including low-calorie, fat-
free, and sugar-free foods. Advertisers say its not their fault either. More money
is spent on marketing low-calorie and fat-free foods than any other foods.
No matter whos right, it is true: People in the United States are getting fatter.
They simply eat too much. As a result, health departments in the United States are 1. Eat at least three
taking action. For example, New Yorks health department has asked restaurants healthful meals a day.
to use healthful ingredients in foods. Many 2.
schools in the United States no longer have soda
or candy vending machines, and school cafeterias 3.
are offering more healthful menus. 4.
Health experts agree that being a healthy
nation is everybodys responsibility, that the best
way to solve the problem is through education. 6.
A public education campaign on food and health
would help educate people about what they
eat, forcing food manufacturers to offer more
wholesome and healthful food choices.

20 Unit 2
Units 1 and 2
Test-taking tip: Be prepared.
Bring at least two pens or pencils with good erasers and any other resources that your teacher
allows you to have at the test. Bring a watch so that you can pace yourself.

Grammar 4. A: Are these your sneakers?

B: No, theyre not. Theyre her sneakers.
A. Write questions for the underlined
answers. (3 points each) 5. A: Whose project is this?

1. Matt is 13 years old. B: Its their project.

(How) How old is Matt?

2. He goes to Kennedy Middle School. Vocabulary
(What school) D. Write a or an before the count nouns.
3. His sisters name is Tracy. Write an X before the noncount nouns.
(What) (1 point each)
4. They live in Arizona. 1. X peanut butter 6. cheese
(Where) 2. apple 7. avocado
5. Matt isnt sporty. He likes reading. 3. banana 8. tomato
(What) 4. orange 9. bread
6. He plays video games on weekends.
5. juice 10. mango
B. Answer the questions using the
information in Exercise A. If the answer is
no, correct the information. (3 points each) E. Read the instructions. Number them 15 to
1. Q: Is Matt 12 years old? show the correct sequence. (1 point each)
A: No, hes not. Hes 13 years old.
2. Q: Does Matt go to high school?
A: Then sprinkle the oranges with 1
3. Q: Is his sisters name Tracy? tablespoons of cereal.
1 First, put 2 tablespoons of yogurt in a
4. Q: Do they live in Texas?
After that, add 2 more tablespoons of
yogurt to the glass.
5. Q: Does Matt like sports?
Next, put 4 orange slices on the yogurt.
Finally, top with the pineapple.
C. Replace the underlined words with
possessive pronouns. (2 points each)
1. A: Whose book is this?
B: Its my book. Now I can . . .
2. A: Whose house is that? describe peoples personalities.
B: Thats our house.
talk about food and eating habits.
give and follow instructions.
3. A: Is this your pen?
B: No, its not. Its his pen.
Unit 2 21
Stomp, spin, and spell
1. Play this game standing in small groups. 4. If the student does not spell it and act it out
correctly, the spellmaster spells it and acts
2. One student is the spellmaster and can
it out. The spellmaster then gives the next
keep his or her book open. The other
student a word.
students close their books.
5. The student with the most points at the end
3. The spellmaster says a word from the list
of the game wins.
and then asks a student to spell it. The
student spells the word aloud, but uses
actions instead of letters for s, t, e, and i.
Useful language
If the student spells and acts the word You got it!
correctly, he or she gets a point. You didnt quite get it.
Was that one stomp or two stomps?

S= T=


E= I=

smart juice butter
cheese friends omelet
sandwiches easygoing serious
different vegetables opposites
competitive desserts teenagers
ingredients interesting perfectionist

22 Game 1
A snapshot of a great snack
Think of a great snack that you can make. Write instructions on how to make it.
Use the recipe below as a guide. Then pretend youre on a cooking show. Explain
and demonstrate to your group or class how to make the snack.

1. Write the ingredients you need.

To make a Chicago hot dog, you need a hot dog, a
hot dog bun, an onion, a tomato, a hot pepper, and
a dill pickle. You also need some mustard, relish, and
celery salt.

2. Write the steps in the recipe.

First, boil the hot dog for about three minutes,
until its nice and fat.
Next, chop the onion and slice the tomato. Then
slice the hot pepper and pickle.
When the hot dog is ready, put it in the bun. Then
add the other ingredients in this order: First, put
some mustard on the hot dog. I like to use a lot of
mustard. Then put some relish on. After that, put
about a teaspoon of chopped onion on top.
Finally, add a slice of pickle, three slices of
tomato, the hot pepper, and sprinkle the whole thing
with celery salt. Mmm, it tastes good!

3. Demonstrate how to make the snack.

Project 1 23
Learning goals
1 Dialogue
20 Cover the dialogue and listen. Make an offer
Mom: Joe, could you go to the supermarket Grammar
for me? There is/There are with some
Joe: Why me? Ask Diane, Mom. and any
Alex: Lets do it, Joe, so we can get some ice Questions with How much
and How many
cream. Are there any chips left, by the
Expressions of quantity:
way? a little, a few, a lot of,
Joe: No. You ate them all. not much, not many
Alex: Then we should get chips, too, and
some soda. Foods at the supermarket
Mom: Oh no, Alex. You cant have any junk
food at my house.
Joe: OK, Mom. Ill go. Is there a shopping
Mom: No, but Ill tell you what we need.
We need bread, eggs, milk, juice,
cheese . . .
Joe: Whoa, Mom! Please, slow down.
How much bread do you want,
and how many eggs?
Mom: One loaf of wheat bread, two
dozen eggs, one gallon of
milk, . . . what else?
Joe: Juice and cheese. How much
juice and cheese?
Mom: Two quarts of juice and a
pound and a half of cheese.
Joe: And how much money are
you giving me?
Mom: Heres $100.
Joe: Cool. Lets go, Alex.

1 pound = about 1/2 kilogram
1 quart = about 1 liter
1 gallon = about 4 liters

24 Unit 3
2 Comprehension B. Complete the conversation. Use the expressions from
Exercise A.
A. Write True or False after Dad: John, could you get some eggs for me?
each sentence.
John: Why me? Ask Ethan. He never does anything.
1. Mom asks Joe to go with Hes always . . .
her to the supermarket.
Dad: , John! Slow down! Ethans at practice.
You can go with Tim.
2. Alex wants to go to the John: Oh, OK. Why do we need eggs?
supermarket. Dad: Im making some omelets.
3. Mom says Alex can buy John: So, a dozen eggs.
Dad: Thats it. What would you like in your omelet,
chips and soda.
4. Joe eats a lot of junk food at
John: Just some cheese. Come on, Tim. .
5. Joe goes to the supermarket
with Alex.
4 Pronunciation
Would you /wudj/
B. Read along as you
listen again. Check your A. 23 Listen and repeat.
Would you like some soda? What would you like to eat?
Would you like an omelet? What would you like to do?
3 Useful expressions
B. PAIRS. Practice the conversation.
A. 22 Listen and repeat.
A: Im starving.
Why me? B: What would you like to eat?
. . . by the way. A: How about a sandwich?
Whoa! B: OK. Would you like a ham sandwich?
What else? A: Sure. Thanks.
Lets go.

GROUP. Joe doesnt want to go to the store for his

mom. Talk about the things your mom or dad asks
you to do and what your reactions are.

Useful language:
Does your mom or dad ask you to do a lot of errands?
Do you always obey your mom or dad?
Oh yeah. / Of course.
Sometimes. / Always. / Not always.
What kinds of things do your parents ask you to do?
Go to the store. / Throw out the garbage. / Babysit.

Unit 3 25
5 Vocabulary 2

Foods at the supermarket
A. 24 Listen and repeat.
beans 9
cookie 6
cucumber 4
doughnut 5
melon 7
mushroom 11 12
olive oil
15 18
onion 9 10 13 14
B. Match the words in
Exercise A with the food
items in the picture.

C. PAIRS. Work together to

identify the other food
items in the picture.

Learn to learn
Learn collocations with food
Learning expressions that usually go with certain food items is useful.

Write the food items that go with the expressions. Use a dictionary if
necessary. Some food items can go with more than one expression.

eggs milk juice cheese bread

beef ice cream onions rice lettuce

1. a gallon of milk/ice cream 5. a quart of

2. a head of 6. a bag of
3. a pound of 7. a pint of
4. a loaf of 8. a dozen

26 Unit 3
D. Write some food items from Exercise A in the word web.

products Dairy

Meat/Seafood Food Pasta and Rice



6 Practice 7 Listening
GROUP. Play the shopping game with 25 Listen to the conversation. Put a check ()
five classmates. Decide wholl start first. before all the true statements.
Student 1 says one food item he or she wants
According to the conversation, . . .
to buy. Each student who follows adds a new
food item, repeating all of the items previously 1. Many teenagers do the food shopping
mentioned. for their families.
For example: 2. They do this because their parents
S1: Im going to the supermarket to buy some hate food shopping.
apples. 3. Most teenagers use shopping lists
S2: Im going to the supermarket to buy some when they shop.
apples and a pound of cheese. 4. Ryan shops for brand-name products.
S3: Im going to the supermarket to buy some
5. Nicholas thinks about his dads health
apples, a pound of cheese, and a melon.
when he does the shopping.
6. Olivia always looks for the best quality
when she does the shopping.

Unit 3 27
There is/There are with some and any
Affirmative statements Negative statements
Theres a sandwich in the refrigerator. There isnt any cheese.
Theres some soda, too. There isnt any juice.
There are several sandwiches on the table. There arent any cookies.
Yes/No questions Short answers
Is there any milk in the refrigerator? Yes, there is./No, there isnt.
Are there any sandwiches in the refrigerator? Yes, there are./No, there arent.
Some to make an offer
Would you like some coffee? Yes, please./No thanks.
Would you like some apples? Sure. Id love some.

Discovering grammar 10 Practice

Look at the grammar chart. Circle the
correct answers.
1. Use (there is / there are) with singular
count nouns and noncount nouns.
2. Use (some / any) in affirmative statements.
3. Use (some / any) in negative statements.

Practicing Grammar
A. Look at the picture. Memorize whats in the
8 Practice box. Then cover the picture.

Complete the sentences with some or any. B. PAIRS. Take turns. Ask if there are any
any apples, rice, muffins, butter, cookies, and
1. A: Im hungry. Is there food?
sugar in the box.
B: Im sorry. There isnt. But theres
For example:
A: Are there any apples in the box?
2. A: There are sandwiches left B: Yes, there is. Theres one apple.
from the party. Would you like one?
B: No, thanks.
3. A: Are there cookies left? 11 Communication
B: Yes, there are cookies in Make an offer
the kitchen. A. 26 Listen to the conversation.
4. A: Would you like snacks? A: Im in the mood for ice cream. Is there
B: Sure. Ill have chips. any ice cream in the freezer?
5. A: Would you like to go to the movies? B: No, sorry. There isnt. Would you like
some yogurt?
B: No. I dont have money.
A: No, thanks.

9 Practice B. PAIRS. Student A, ask for something to

eat. Student B, say there isnt any and offer
Play a game. Go to page 68. something else. Student A, accept or refuse
Student Bs offer.
28 Unit 3
14 Practice
GRAMMAR FOCUS A. PAIRS. First, complete the
Questions with How much and How many questions with How much
or How many. Then ask a
Questions Possible answers
A lot.
classmate the questions.
How much milk do we need? Circle your classmates
Just a little.
How much money do you have? answers.
Not much.

A lot.
How many tomatoes do we need?
Just a few.
How many glasses of milk do you drink every day?
Not many.
Expressions of quantity 1. water do you drink
a lot of [tomatoes] a lot of [milk] each day?
a few [tomatoes] a little [milk]
a. ve glasses or more

Discovering grammar b. three to four glasses

c. two glasses
Look at the grammar chart. Circle the correct answers. 2. servings of
1. Use (How much / How many) for questions using count nouns. vegetables do you eat each day?
2. Use (How much / How many) for questions using noncount a. two servings or more
nouns. b. one serving
3. Use (a few / a little) to talk about quantities of count nouns. c. none
4. Use (a few / a little) to talk about quantities of noncount
3. candy and chocolate
do you eat each day?
a. a lot
b. a little
Practicing Grammar c. none

4. kinds of fruit do you

12 Practice eat each day?
a. three or more
Complete the questions with How much and How many.
b. one or two
1. How much money do you spend on a school day? c. none
2. text messages do you get per day?
5. soda do you drink
3. hours of sleep do you get each day? each day?
4. time do you spend on homework per day? a. three cans or more
b. one to two cans
5. ice cream can you eat at one time?
c. none

13 Practice B. PAIRS. Compare your

results. Talk about foods
Read the dialogue. Circle the correct answers.
you eat and dont eat.
A: How much money do you have? Who has healthier eating
B: Just (1. a few / a little). But I think its enough. We dont need habits?
(2. many / much) money to go camping.
A: Yeah, Im sure were OK. I have (3. a few / a little) dollars, too.
What about food? How much food is there?
B: Foods not a problem. We have (4. many / a lot).
A: Good. And water? How many bottles do we have?
B: (5. A lot / A little). We have fifteen bottles.
Unit 3 29
15 Reading
27 Read along as you listen to the article. As you read and listen, think about this question:
What are floating markets?

Floating markets are popular tourist At a floating market, you can use cash to
destinations in Thailand. At the floating shop or you can exchange your product with
markets, there are a lot of small boats other sellers products. If you get hungry,
overflowing with fresh fruit and vegetables. just call one of the women and she will come
Imagine the colors of fresh fruit and over to you. You can watch her cook your
vegetables on hundreds of boats sailing food right on the boat!
quietly along the river. Then imagine
Thai women in their colorful traditional
clothes on these boats. The effect is
The floating markets open at 6:30 A.M.
Early in the morning, before the markets
open, farmers pick fruit and vegetables
from their farms. Later, their wives sell
the fruit and vegetables on their boats.
Why do the women sell their products
on boats, instead of in regular stores?
Central Thailand has bodies of water
throughout. In some places, there are
canals instead of streets. Farmers
have their farms near these canals,
and selling their products on boats is

16 Comprehension 18 Writing
Answer the questions. A. PAIRS. Talk about an interesting shopping
place you know. Discuss the questions with
1. What are floating markets?
a classmate.
2. Who are the sellers in these markets?
3. What do the sellers sell in these markets? What kind of a place is it?
4. What time do the markets open? Where is this place?
5. Why do the women sell from their boats? What can you buy there?
6. What can you do at a floating market? Why is it interesting?
Why do you like to shop there?

17 Speaking B. In your notebook, write a paragraph

about the place you talked about in
GROUPS. Describe Thailands floating markets Exercise A. Use your answers to the
with information from the article. questions in Exercise A for ideas.
For example: C. PAIRS. Read your classmates paragraph.
A: Thailands floating markets are really Circle any errors. Use the Peer editing
interesting. There are a lot of . . . checklist on page 138.
B: And there are . . .

30 Unit 3
Planning for the show
A. 28 Read along as you listen to the conversation. What strategy does Alex suggest for balancing
practice and schoolwork?

Hey, wait up. No, sorry. It was

really good!

Yuck. A sweet pizza?

Hi, Alex. I heard about your
famous chocolate chip
pizza. Is there any left?

1 2
By the way, how many
songs do we need to
learn for our show? I know. I have a
lot of homework
every day, too.

Not many.
Maybe ten.

Ten! Thats a lot! Are there any songs

We dont have we already know?
that much time!
Thanks. So how many An hour after school.
Maybe three hours per day can Two hours at the most.
or four. Why? you practice?

Lets learn the new

songs first and do
the old songs later.
Thats a good Fine with me. So
strategy, Alex. see you at Joes
Youre so smart. on Friday?

B. Discuss: Do you think students should have extracurricular activities in school? Why or why
not? What kinds of activities do you suggest for your school?
Unit 3 31
very country has its own special treats.
Here are four famous foods from around the
world that you may want to try.
Vegemite is one of the best-loved foods in
Australia, but its not very popular in other
countries. Its a dark brown spread that tastes
saltya bit like beef bouillon. Australians
u utter, or
usually eat it on bread with butter, r
on toast with melted cheese. It has
a lot of vitamins and minerals,,
and most Australian kids grow
up eating it. When Australians
go abroad, many take a jar of
Vegemite. Its hard to find in other
Escargots, or snails, are a popular French dish.
The snails are usually cooked in liquid, then put
back into their shells with butter, garlic, and
herbs. Because snails eat things that can be
poisonous, the snails are first fed lettuce and
flour for about two weeks. Then they are not
ns out
fed anything for several days. This cleans
their stomachs so they are safe to eat.
If you like hot, spicy foods, youll like Korean kimchi.
There are many different kinds of kimchi, but the
most popular kind is made from Chinese cabbage,
garlic, onions, and hot peppers. To make kimchi in the e
traditional way, Koreans combine the ingredients in a big
jar. Then the jar is put outside during the winter months.s..
This lets the kimchi ferment and gives it a hot, sour taste..
Kimchi is served at meals as a side dish, and its used inn
many recipes. It has lots of vitamins and minerals.
On a hot day in Singapore, try ice kachang, or red
bean ice. Its a big ball of shaved ice with sweet,
ffruity syrup and red beans. The beans are sweet, not
salty, and taste good with the fruit-flavored ice. Its
usually served with milk and jelly. Variations of ice
kachang are found all over Asia.

32 Wide Angle 1
1 Reading
Reading skill: Reading fluently
Dont stop in the middle of a sentence if you dont
understand a particular word. Carry on to the end,
paying attention to the content words (nouns, adjectives,
and main verbs).

A. Read the text without stopping. Pay attention to content


B. Complete the chart with information from the reading.

Name of food Vegemite

Country of origin
What is it?
How is it served?

C. Answer these comprehension questions.

1. Why is Vegemite healthy?
2. Why do many Australians take Vegemite abroad?
3. Why are snails fed lettuce and flour, and then nothing?
4. Why is a jar of kimchi placed outside in winter?

2 Listening
29 Listen to a description of a popular dish. Write True or False.
False 1. Its called spicy 4. Its made with
good in English. raw fish.
2. It tastes a 5. Lemon juice makes
little sour. it safe to eat.
3. It has only two 6. Its not popular in
ingredients. Latin America.

3 Speaking
GROUPS. Talk about some famous or interesting dishes in your
country. Use the points below as a guide.
Can you translate the How do you make it?
name into English? How is it served?
What is it? How does it taste?

4 Writing
Write a paragraph about an interesting dish in your country.

Wide Angle 1 33
Learning goals
1 Dialogue
30 Cover the dialogue and listen. Express preferences: Would
Alex: Hi, guys. Whats up? rather
Lori: Nothing much. Where are your Grammar
Rollerblades? Adverbs of frequency
Alex: I dont have Rollerblades. I hate Expressions of frequency
How often
Rollerblading. Gerunds
Lori: You do? So why are you here?
Alex: Well, I enjoy watching you guys. Vocabulary
Sports and activities
Lori: Sure you do. What sport are you into?
Alex: Rock climbing.
Karen: Seriously? How often do you go rock
Alex: Once a weekat the Sports Club.
Diane: Thats just wall climbing, Alex.
Alex: At least Im not a couch potato. By the
way, wheres Joe?
Diane: Guess.
Alex: At home, of course. Lets call him and
see if he wants to join us.
Diane: Dont even try, Alex. Joe would rather
read than play sports.
Alex: Brr. Its cold. I think Id rather watch
TV in this cold weather. See you.

2 Comprehension
A. Answer the questions.
1. Who doesnt have Rollerblades? Why not?

2. What sport does Alex like?

3. Where does Alex go climbing?

4. Wheres Joe?

5. What does Alex decide to do in the end?

B. What do you think a couch potato is?

C. 31 Read along as you listen again. Check

your answers.
34 Unit 4
3 Useful expressions B. Match the questions or statements on the left with the
responses on the right.
A. 32 Listen and repeat. 1. A: Whats up? B: See you.
Nothing much. 2. A: Whos at the door? B: Guess.
Sure you do. 3. A: Im not good at skating. B: Nothing much.
At least . . . 4. A: Bye! Talk to you later. B: Sure you do.
Guess. 5. A: Sometimes I see Johnny B: At least you try.
See you. Depp at the supermarket.

Unit 4 35
4 Vocabulary Learn to learn
Sports and activities Learn collocations in context.
A. 33 Listen and repeat. Sports and activities go with certain verbs. Learn
the following collocations:
1. baseball 11. rock climbing play tennis
2. basketball 12. Rollerblading go biking
3. biking 13. skateboarding do track and eld (but run track)
4. bowling 14. soccer
Combine play, go, and do with the sports and
5. camping 15. swimming activities in Exercise 4A.
6. figure skating 16. table tennis
7. football 17. tennis
8. golf 18. track and field
9. gymnastics 19. volleyball
10. hockey 20. wall climbing
B. Number the pictures. Use some of the
sports and activities in Exercise A.
5 Pronunciation
The sound // in soccer
A. 34 Listen and repeat.
rock climbing
B. 35 Listen to the conversations.
1. A: Do you like soccer?
B: I love it. Soccer is my favorite.

2. A: Do you watch womens volleyball?

B: Not very often.

3. A: Do you go rock climbing?

B: No way. Its too scary.
C. PAIRS. Practice the conversations.

36 Unit 4
Adverbs of frequency

100% 0%
always usually often sometimes never
I always clean my room.
She sometimes goes dancing./Sometimes she goes dancing.
Im never home on weekends.
Expressions of frequency
once a day/week/month/year all the time
twice a day/week/month/year every day/week/month/year
three times a day/week/month/year
How often Short answers Long answers
How often do you clean your room? Every day. I clean my room every day.
How often does she go dancing? Once a week. She goes dancing once a week.
How often do they eat out? Never. They never eat out.

Discovering grammar B. PAIRS. Ask your classmate the questions in

Exercise A. Use adverbs and expressions of
Look at the grammar chart. Write True or frequency in your answers.
False. For example:
1. Expressions of frequency always go at the A: How often do you go out with your
beginning of a sentence. family?
2. We cannot use expressions of frequency as B: Once a week. We usually go out on
short answers.
3. How often and How many times a week/
month/year have the same meaning. 7 Practice
Find one classmate for each activity in the
chart. Ask How often . . . ?
For example:
Practicing grammar A: How often do you take a shower?
B: Once a day.
6 Practice A: How about you, Sandy?
A. Write questions that begin with How often. C: Twice a day.

1. you / go out with your family

How often do you go out with your family? Find someone who . . . Name
2. our teacher / arrive late for class
takes a shower t wice a day.

3. you / play video games goes to the movies once a week.

4. your best friend / call you never cleans his/her room.

goes biking every day.

5. your parents / go to the supermarket
listens to music all the time.
6. you / go to parties
Unit 4 37
9 Practice
GRAMMAR FOCUS A. First, replace the verbs in parentheses with
Gerunds after verbs gerunds. Then fill out the questionnaire for
like, love, hate, (dont) mind, prefer yourself.
I like playing basketball. B. PAIRS. Ask your classmate the questions
I love dancing. in the survey. Then add up his or her score
I hate doing track and field. and compare your results.
I dont mind getting up early.
I prefer staying home on weekends.
Yes/No questions Short answers
Do you like exercising? Yes, I do./No, I dont.
You Your
Information questions classmate
Why do you hate watching soccer?
Because its boring. Do you like . . . Yes No Yes No

Discovering grammar 1. (sunbathe)?

2. (go) to the beach?

Look at the grammar chart. Answer the
questions. 3. (be) outside?
1. What do you add to the base form of a Do you mind . . . Yes No Yes No
verb to change it into a gerund?
4. (be) on a crowded beach?
2. Can you give two examples of how the
base form changes spelling when it is 5. (get) sand all over you?
changed into a gerund? 6. (feel) hot?
Do you prefer . . . Yes No Yes No

7. a. (relax) by the pool?

Practicing grammar
b. (lie) on the beach?
8 Practice 8. a. (lie) in the sun?
A. Complete the sentences with gerunds. b. (sit) in the shade?
1. Sue likes (go) to the park. 9. a. (have) a quick dip?
2. Josh doesnt mind (do) his
b. (swim) long distances?
math homework.
3. Why do you hate (swim) ?
4. They prefer (play) soccer. 1) Yes 1 No 0 4) Yes 0 No 1 7a) Yes 1 No 0 7b) Yes 1 No 0

2) Yes 1 No 0 5) Yes 0 No 1 8a) Yes 1 No 0 8b) Yes 0 No 1

B. Complete the sentences with activities you
like or dont like doing. Use gerunds. 3) Yes 1 No 0 6) Yes 0 No 1 9a) Yes 1 No 0 9b) Yes 0 No 1
1. I like on a rainy day. See page 70 for your Sun Worshipper rating.
2. I love in the summer.
3. I dont mind on the
weekend. 10 Practice
4. I prefer after school.
Have a competition. Go to page 69.

38 Unit 4
11 Listening
36 Listen to the conversation. Circle the GROUPS. Talk about the things
correct answers. you like and dont like doing
when you dont have school.
1. Bill is .
a. a teacher c. a sports coach Useful language:
b. a manager What do you like doing when theres no
2. Daniel prefers watching . What do you hate doing?
a. skateboarding c. volleyball I like/love/dont like/hate. . .
b. baseball I prefer . . .
I dont mind . . .
3. Daniel thinks baseball is . Me, too./Yeah, I hate doing that, too.
a. exciting c. boring Really?/Seriously?
b. fun
4. are becoming more popular
because of advertising.
13 Writing
a. Team sports c. Water sports A. Write a paragraph about the things you like
b. Action sports and hate doing in your free time. Use the
information in Teen Talk for ideas.
5. According to the class, is their
favorite sport.
a. baseball c. soccer
In my free time, I like . . .
b. basketball

12 Communication
Express preferences: Would rather
A. 37 Listen to conversation.
In my free time, I hate . . .
A: Would you rather watch team sports or
action sports?
B: Team sports. I like watching soccer. What
about you?
A: Id rather watch action sports.
B: Which action sport do you like?
A: Skateboarding.
B. PAIRS. Now practice the conversation with
a classmate.
B. PAIRS. Read your classmates paragraph.
C. PAIRS. Ask your classmate his or her Circle any errors. Use the Peer editing
preferences. Use the model in Exercise A. checklist on page 138.
Replace the underlined parts with your
preferred activities.

Unit 4 39
14 Reading
A. GROUPS. List three sports you think are for boys and three you think are for girls.
Sports for boys: , ,
Sports for girls: , ,
B. 38 Read along as you listen to the article.

Boxing is for boys; dancing is for girls. PARTICIPATION IN SOME


Some people think of certain Exercise

sports as only for men or walking
only for women. For example, Soccer
when a girl wants to take up Biking
boxing, people say, Youre Basketball
so pretty. Why do you want
to be a boxer? Boxing is for
men. And some parents Bowling
dont like it when their sons Golf
show interest in dancing or
figure skating. Figure
It is generally true that boys tend to do sports that require skating
strength and size, such as soccer and biking, and that girls 0 20 40 60
go for sports that require flexibility and grace, such as figure Percent of the population
7 years old and over
skating and gymnastics. But is there a difference in the types
Women Men
of sports boys and girls play?

C. Look at the graph. Does

the information in the
16 Your turn
chart support the ideas in A. GROUPS. Form all-girl and all-boy groups. Each group: List
the reading? five sports or activities your group likes. Put them in order,
with number 1 being the most popular.
15 Comprehension
A. Answer the questions.
Boys Girls
1. What kinds of sports do 1.
boys tend to like? 1.
2. 2.
2. What kinds of sports do
girls tend to like? 3. 3.
3. Are the activities you 4. 4.
listed in Exercise 14A 5.
the same as the ones in
the graph?
B. Look at the graph again.
Who does more of each B. Compare your list with another groups list. Is there any
activity? difference between the girls and the boys lists?

40 Unit 4
Units 3 and 4
Test-taking tip: Stay positive and relaxed.
Keep a positive attitude throughout the test and try to stay relaxed.

D. Complete the sentences with gerunds.

Grammar (1 point each)
A. Complete the questions with How much 1. I love (go) going biking.
and How many. (2 points each)
2. She enjoys (play) tennis.
1. How much money do you need?
3. I dont mind (watch) DVDs.
2. books do you buy each
4. He doesnt like (study) .
school year?
5. What do you prefer (do) after
3. juice do you drink
each day?
6. I love (dance) with you.
4. cups of coffee does your
dad drink in the morning?
5. chocolate can I eat? Vocabulary
B. Complete the sentences with some and any. E. Circle the word that doesnt belong in each
(1 point each) group. (1 point)
1. Theres some food on the table. 1. a. doughnut b. cookie c. butter
2. There arent vegetables. 2. a. juice b. cucumber c. carrot
3. But theres fruit. 3. a. lettuce b. orange c. mushroom
4. Sorry. There isnt milk left. 4. a. milk b. apple c. yogurt
5. Is there bread in the kitchen? 5. a. baseball b. biking c. volleyball
6. No, there isnt bread, but there 6. a. tennis b. volleyball c. camping
are cookies.
C. Answer the questions with expressions Communication
of frequency. Give true answers for you. F. Complete the conversation with a form of
(3 points each) there is or there are. (3 points each)
1. Q: How often do you visit your A: Im hungry. Is there any cheese?
B: No, . But
A: Once a week.
some eggs. You can make an omelet.
2. Q: How often do you watch TV? A: No, thanks. any fruit?
A: B: Yes. some apples.
3. Q: How often does your dad play sports? A: Good. Ill have an apple then.
4. Q: How often do you go to the movies?
A: Now I can . . .
5. Q: How often do you walk to school? talk about my reaction to doing errands.
make, accept, or refuse an offer.
express preferences.

Unit 4 41
Learning goals
1 Dialogue
39 Cover the dialogue and listen. Talk about whats going on
Karen: Hi, Diane. Are you waiting for me? now
Diane: Of course I am. You never show up Grammar
on time! The present continuous
Karen: Im sorry. I couldnt decide what to The simple present contrasted
with the present continuous
Diane: For practice? Whats wrong with Vocabulary
jeans? Classroom activities
Karen: Nothing, but I always wear jeans.
And guess what? Im wearing them
today! Im tired of my clothes.
Anyhow, what are the others doing?
Are they here yet?
Diane: Everybody except Lori. Shes
running late.
Karen: Are Alex and Joe around?
Diane: Theyre waiting for us in the
auditorium. Alex is practicing, and
Joes hanging out backstage. Hes
probably reading.
Karen: Joe reads all the time. Lets go.
Diane: Hey, wait up! Why do you always
walk so fast?
Karen: Well, everybodys waiting for us,

2 Comprehension
A. Write T for true, F for false, and NI if there
is no information in the dialogue.
F 1. Karen is waiting for Diane.
2. Karen is always late.
3. Lori is practicing with Paul.
4. Alex is reading.
5. Joe is working on an assignment.
6. Alex likes Diane.
B. 40 Read along as you listen again. Check
your answers.

42 Unit 5
3 Useful expressions
A. 41 Listen and repeat.
Of course I am.
Whats wrong with . . . ?
Im tired of . . .
Shes running late.
Is he around?
Wait up!
B. Circle the correct responses.
1. A: Are you sure about that?
B: Of course I am. / OK.
2. A: Whats wrong with you?
B: No. / Nothing.
3. A: Hey, wait up!
B: I cant. Im running late. / I cant.
Im reading.
4. A: Hey, is Patrick around?
B: Hes at practice. / He likes to practice.

PAIRS. Talk about reasons for

running late.

Useful language:
Are you usually on time?
Most of the time. / Not always. / Im
always late!
Why are you sometimes late?
I cant decide what to wear.
I get up late.
I need to nish something.
It takes me a long time to get ready.
I spend hours in the bathroom.

Unit 5 43
Practicing grammar
The present continuous
4 Practice
Affirmative statements Negative statements What are the people in the picture doing?
Im waiting for you. Im not waiting Write sentences using the present continuous.
for him. 1. Jim / play volleyball
Hes/Shes waiting Hes/Shes not
Jim is playing volleyball.
for you. waiting for him.
Were/Theyre waiting Were/Theyre not 2. Megan and Ken / play Monopoly
for you. waiting for him.
Yes/No questions Short answers 3. Alice / relax at the park
Are you waiting for me? Yes, I am. / No, Im not.
Is he/she waiting for me? Yes, he / she is. /
No, hes/shes not. / 4. Mark and Elena / jog together
No, he/she isnt.
Information questions Long answers 5. Kevin / take pictures
What are you doing? Im/Were waiting for
our friends.
Where is he/she waiting? Hes/Shes waiting in

Why are they practicing?

front of the theater.
Theyre practicing
5 Practice
because they have PAIRS. Student A, cover the picture. Guess
a show next month. what three people in the picture are doing by
asking Yes/No questions. Student B, look at
Discovering grammar the picture and check if Student A is correct.
For example:
Look at the grammar chart. Circle the
correct answers. A: Is Jim playing volleyball with Kevin?
B: No, hes not. Try again.
1. The present continuous form is
(is, am, are / do, does) + verb + -ing.
A: Is he playing volleyball with Michael?
2. The present continuous refers to an action
B: Yes, he is!
that is or is not happening
(every day / right now). 6 Practice
Have a competition. Go to page 69.


Elena Michael


44 Unit 5
8 Practice
GRAMMAR FOCUS A. Look at the picture
The simple present contrasted again on page 44. Write
with the present continuous conversations about it
using the cues.
Simple present statements Present continuous statements
I always wear jeans. Im wearing jeans today. 1. Jim / play volleyball (on
He / She usually wears jeans. Hes / Shes wearing jeans right now. Fridays)
We / They wear jeans every day. Were / Theyre wearing jeans today. 2. Megan and Ken / jog
I live in New York. Im living in New York this year. (play Monopoly/on
He / She studies French. He s/ Shes studying French this weekends)
semester. 3. Kevin / relax in the
Information questions Answers
park (take pictures / on
What do you usually wear? I usually wear jeans.
What are you wearing today? Im wearing jeans. Saturdays)
4. Mark and Elena / play
Discovering grammar Monopoly (jog in the
Look at the grammar chart. Complete the grammar rules with 1. A: Wheres Jim? Is he playing
present continuous or simple present.
volleyball with Michael?
1. Use the to talk about routines
and habits.
B: Yes, he is. He usually
plays volleyball with
2. Use the to talk about actions
that are happening right now or for temporary situations. Michael on Fridays.
2. A:

Practicing grammar B:

7 Practice
Complete the sentences with the simple present or the present 3. A:
continuous forms of the verbs in parentheses.
1. I usually (ride) ride my bike to school, but right now
I (walk) m walking to school.
2. We (take) a test right now. We often
(have) a test on Fridays.
4. A:
3. My teacher (sit) at her desk. She
(not/usually/walk) around during exams.
4. Michael (not/pay) attention to our teacher today.
He (never/pay) attention.
5. My friends (wait) for me at the mall. We
(meet) there every Friday night. B. PAIRS. Choose two
conversations and role-play

Unit 5 45
9 Vocabulary
Classroom activities
A. 42 Look at the picture as you listen and repeat.
1. paying attention 7. daydreaming in class
2. sleeping in class 8. getting into trouble
3. taking notes 9. arguing
4. discussing something 10. doing research on the Internet
5. writing on the board 11. explaining something
6. erasing the board 12. spelling a word
B. Write the correct number next to each activity in the picture.


46 Unit 5
10 Pronunciation Learn to learn
Words beginning with s + another consonant Role-play to practice
A. 43 Listen and repeat. English.
In class, take the opportunity
sleep student to do role-plays. Role-playing
Stacy spell gives you the opportunity
school to practice pronunciation,
intonation, and new vocabulary.
B. PAIRS. Take turns saying the sentences.
PAIRS. Go to Exercise 12.
1. Nicholas is sleeping in class.
Make sure you participate in the
2. Stacy is writing on the board. role-play.
3. Kayla and Zach are in school.
4. Abby is a good student.
5. Nicole is spelling a word.
12 Communication
Talk about whats going
11 Writing on now
A. PAIRS. What do you and your classmates do in English class?
A. 44 Listen to the
List the things you do. Use some of the vocabulary in
Exercise 9.
A: Hello?
, , B: Hi, Nikki. Whats up?
, , A: Nothing much.
, B: What are you doing?
A: Reading.
B. Now write what usually happens in your English class. Use B: What are you reading?
the simple present and the present continuous whenever A: The new Harry Potter
A: Do you always read in
your free time?
B: Usually.
We do different things in English class. At the beginning
A: What else do you do?
of the lesson, we often listen to a dialogue. B: I sometimes watch
DVDs or play video
B. Role-play the conversation,
replacing the underlined

C. PAIRS. Read your classmates paragraph. Correct any errors.

Use the Peer editing checklist on page 138.

Unit 5 47
13 Reading 14 Comprehension
A. GROUPS. Discuss this question: Answer these questions.
What are the good things about
1. How many teenagers in
school? Make a list with the
members of your group.
the United States are
B. 45 Read along as you listen. 2. Who teaches homeschooled
3. How does Dylan feel about

Homeschooling his education?

4. What activities does Dylan
What do most people remember about their do as part of his home-
school days? Playing with classmates during lunch schooling?
breaks and recess, eating cafeteria food, or going to the principals office,
perhaps. But 850,000 teenagers in the United States dont experience these
things, because they are homeschooled. They dont go to a regular school. 15 Listening
Their parents teach them. Their education takes place at home and in the 46 Listen to the question-
community. and-answer session on home-
What is it like to be homeschooled? Read Dylans blog about his homeschooling schooling. Cross out the 1
experience. phrase that is not correct.
1. Jasmine .
a. is Mr. Russells student
b. is a college student
c. was homeschooled
2. Homeschooled kids can
Im Dylan and Im 14 years old. This is my third year of meet other people through
being homeschooled by my mom, a former professor. A .
lot of people ask me how I feel about it. They ask, Do a. field trips
you miss being in school with other kids? b. birthday parties
Well, my daily life is different from the daily lives of c. sports activities
millions of children who go to regular schools, but Im 3. Homeschooling is .
enjoying my time with my mom. Im learning things at a. easy
my own pace. We can go fast or slow, depending on the
b. not for everybody
c. a big decision
subject. These days, Im reading books that most kids
4. Michael likes his regular
only read when they get to college. Im studying French,
school because he .
German, art, and the histories of the worldthings Im
a. has different teachers
very interested in.
b. likes his classmates
A lot of kids think I never get to interact with other
c. likes recess
kids, but thats not true. I get together with the other
homeschooled kids during our weekly sports games
and at social events. I dont just study at home. My
mom takes me to all kinds of field tripsto museums,
theaters, libraries, and lots of other cool places. We even
go hiking and explore the woods when Im studying
biology. And college? Im not worried about it. I know
Im preparing myself well for it.

48 Unit 5
The problem with Alex
A. 47 Read along as you listen to the conversation. What is Dianes problem with Alex?
Oh. Loris there?
Hello. Diane?
Is Joe there?

Yeah. What
Hi, Alex. He is, but are you doing
hes working on a right now?
project with Lori.

1 2

Sure. Can
Lori come?

Nothing much. Im
just walking around
Times Square. Why?
Would you like to
watch a movie later? I guess.
3 4
Great. Can I
talk to her?

Hi, Lori. Were planning to

go to the movies tonight.
Would you like to come?

All right. Lori, Alex

wants to talk to you.

5 6 Well, I usually help

my mom with dinner
on Thursdays, but
B. Discuss: Do you think Diane should be mad at Lori? Should she be
sure. What time?
mad at Alex? Explain your answer.
Unit 5 49
Sentence charades
1. Divide the class into A teams and B teams. 4. To act out each word, the player can use
There should be between three and five hand gestures or body movements, and the
players in each team. special gestures illustrated below. But the
player cannot speak and cannot point to
2. Your teacher will give the A teams and the
objects in the room.
B teams some slips of paper. On each slip
there is a sentence. (Teacher: See Teachers 5. If the players team guesses the sentence
Edition.) within 30 seconds, the team gets a point.
3. One player from each A team picks a slip of 6. A player from each B team then chooses a
paper from the B teams pile. The player has slip of paper from the A teams pile. The
ten seconds to think about the sentence. game continues as each player on each
Then the player acts out the sentence for his team acts out a sentence.
or her team.
7. The team with the most points at the end of
the game wins.

Useful language
Its your turn.
Our team gets a point!
Its our turn because you
spoke / pointed at something.

There are (three) words in

this sentence.

First word . . .

Keep guessing!

Second word . . .
50 Game 2
A snapshot of a special interest
Write a speech about something you find interesting and enjoy spending time on:
a craft or hobby, a collection, a pet, a sport, or a free-time activity. Then present
your speech to your classmates.

1. Write about your special interest, why you

like it, and how often you spend time on it.

Im really into lizards. Theyre fascinating

animals and theyre very friendly. I know because
I have a pet iguana named Iggy. Hes great. I feed
him and play with him every day.

2. Give more information about it.

Iguanas are difficult animals to take care of,

but that also makes them interesting pets. I feed
Iggy every morning. He gets a special diet of fruit
and vegetables. And I make sure his heat lamp is
turned on. Most of the day he sits on a rock and
warms himself. At least once a day I take him
out of his terrarium and let him walk around the
house. And once a week I give him a bath. He loves
to swim in the bathtub!

3. Share your interest with your classmates. Bring

things related to your interest to show the class.

Project 2 51
Learning goals
1 Vocabulary Communication
Clothes and accessories Talk about clothes
Comment and compliment
A. 48 Listen and repeat.
belt earring(s) ring socks too + adjective / not + adjective
boots jacket shoes/ tights + enough
bracelet necklace sneakers top Present continuous for future
dress pants/jeans skirt T-shirt arrangements
Be going to + verb for future
B. Label the clothes and accessories with words from Exercise A. plans, intentions, and

2 Practice Vocabulary
Clothes and
Have a competition. Go to page 69.


1. earring





7. 6.

52 Unit 6
3 Reading
A. GROUPS. Discuss: Does anyone influence you in your fashion style? Explain your answer.

B. 49 Read along as you listen.

merican teenagers have a big Boho-chic (boho for bohemian and chic
influence on the U.S. fashion meaning fashionable) is mainly from the mid-
industry. Many of them have a 2000s. A boho-chic outfit may include long
part-time job or get money from their flowing skirts, wide belts, sheepskin boots or
parents, so teens buy a lot of clothes. cowboy boots, baggy sweaters, and hobo bags.
Without teenagers, many clothing Sienna Miller and the Olsen twins, Mary Kate and
companies wouldnt exist. Ashley, popularized the boho-chic trend.
Celebrities who are popular with There are also celebrities who create their own
teens have the biggest influence on lookGwen Stefani, for example, mixes fashion
fashion trends. Think of performers from past decades with modern styles.
such as Britney Spears, sports Another trend is the preppy look, which
personalities such as Anna Kournikova, is a classic, neat look: collared, button-down
and rap/hip-hop artists such as Jay-Z. Low-rise jeans shirts and loafers. Then, of course, there are trendy
with a very short top (a belly shirt) are popular, thanks accessories, such as the Livestrong band, a yellow
to Britney Spears and Anna Kournikova. The gangsta wristband developed by cyclist and cancer survivor
lookbig, baggy pants; over-sized T-shirts or sweatshirts; Lance Armstrong.
and baseball capsis popular, because of rappers. Punk So thats the first decade of the century. Whats going
fashion, which became a trend again in 1996, features to happen in the second decade? For sure, trend spotters
combat boots, old Converse shoes, tight leather pants, from clothing companies are watching Hollywood and
ripped T-shirts, and spiked jewelry. the MTV crowd to find out.

4 Comprehension Learn to learn

Answer the questions. Change nouns to adjectives.
1. Why do American teenagers have a big Many nouns can be made into adjectives by
influence on the U.S. fashion industry? adding endings, or sufxes.
2. Who are the major influences on fashion? For example: beautybeautiful
3. What fashion trends are these celebrities
responsible for? PAIRS. Add these sufxes to the nouns to
change them into adjectives.
a. Britney Spears
b. Sienna Miller -y -ish -ous -able -ful -less
4. Whats a Livestrong band?
1. style 4. taste
2. trend 5. dress
3. fashion 6. glamor
GROUPS. Talk about the kinds of
clothes you like.

Useful language:
What kinds of clothes do you like to
Im the jeans-and-T-shirt type.
Im the opposite. I love dressing up.
Id rather be comfortable.
I prefer shorts and T-shirts.
Unit 6 53
B. PAIRS. Imagine you are celebrities.
GRAMMAR FOCUS Student A, ask Student Bs opinion about
clothes you are trying on for an event.
Too + adjective Student B, respond to Student A.
This sweater is too short. It doesnt fit me. For example:
These shoes are too tight. I cant wear them.
A: Jen, what do you think of this blue dress?
Not + adjective + enough B: Uh. Its not fashionable enough.
This jacket isnt warm enough. I need a different
A: What about this black one?
These pants arent big enough. Theyre not very B: Black looks great on you, Angie. You
comfortable. look very glamorous.
A: Thanks.
Discovering grammar
Look in the grammar chart. Circle the
correct answers.
1. Too comes (before / after) the adjective.
2. Enough comes (before / after) the

low high
Practicing grammar
5 Practice
Complete the sentences. Use too or enough long
and the cues. short
1. These shoes are (not comfortable)
for hiking.
2. I dont like rock climbing. Its (scary)
3. This tea needs more sugar. Its (not sweet)
. loose
4. My mom doesnt like sports cars. She
thinks theyre ( fast) .
5. The pizza (not hot) . Put it
back in the oven.

6 Communication
Comment and compliment
A. 50 Listen to the conversation.
A: What do you think of this skirt?
B: Actually, it looks too big.
A: Really? Well, what about these pants?
B: Theyre great! You look good in them!
A: Thanks!

54 Unit 6
7 Dialogue 8 Comprehension
51 Cover the dialogue and listen. A. Read the false statements. Cross out the
false information and correct it.
Diane: OK. How do I look? Be honest. purple
Karen: Hmm . . . you look too dressed up. 1. Karen suggests a red top and jeans to Diane.
How about this purple top and these
jeans? 2. Diane says the top is too big.
Diane: That top is too tight, and those jeans
3. Diane is going to wear a red skirt.
arent dressy enough. What are you
going to wear? 4. Karen wishes Alex would notice her.
Karen: My red skirt, a black top, and black
boots. 5. Karen thinks Lori is jealous of Diane.
Diane: Wow! Youre going to look great! But B. 52 Read along as you listen again. Check
what about me? your answers.
Karen: Definitely wear the jeans. Alex is
going to notice you for sure.
Diane: I wish! Alex doesnt even know I exist. 9 Useful expressions
Hes going to notice Lori, not me. A. 53 Listen and repeat.
Karen: Sounds like youre jealous!
How do I look?
Diane: Get out of here! I am not!
I wish!
Karen: Yeah, right.
Diane: Anyway, what time are we leaving?
Sounds like . . .
Karen: Oh, Loris coming by at seven.
Get out of here!
B. Complete the conversations with
expressions from Exercise A.
1. A: youre busy.
B: I am. Ill call you later.
2. A: Ooh. Youre jealous!
3. A:
B: You look awesome!
4. A: Are you going to the Black Eyed Peas
B: I cant wait!
5. A: Wow! You look like Jennifer Aniston!
B: .

Unit 6 55
Present continuous for future arrangements
Affirmative statements Negative statements
Hes leaving early tomorrow. Hes not coming to the party tonight.
Were practicing this weekend. Were not doing anything on Friday.
Yes/No questions Short answers
Are you coming over later? Yes, I am. / No, Im not.
Information questions Answers
When are they leaving? Theyre leaving tomorrow morning.

Discovering grammar 11 Practice

Look at the grammar chart. Circle the A. Look at the list of activities below. Put a
correct answers. check ( ) before activities you are doing
this weekend. Put an (X) before those you
1. In this sentence, Were studying at home
are not doing.
tonight, the present continuous expresses
(present / future) meaning.
2. In this sentence, Were studying at
home right now, the present continuous
expresses (present / future) meaning.
go to a movie
phone a classmate
Practicing grammar
clean my room
10 Practice stay over at my friends house
Complete each conversation with the present
continuous. visit my grandparents
1. A: (Marta/come) Is Marta coming to the party? have a party
B: Yes, (she/bring) the CDs.
2. A: What time (you/leave) [ your own idea ]
B: (I/take) the five oclock
3. A: (Jon/drive) us to practice B. PAIRS. Ask and answer questions about
tonight? what youre doing this weekend. Use ideas
from Exercise A.
B: No, he cant. (he/do) his
For example:
A: Are you studying this weekend?
4. A: (you/do) anything special
B: No, Im not. Im visiting my
this weekend?
grandparents on Saturday.
B: Well, (I/not go out) on A: What about Sunday?
Friday evening, but (my cousins/come)
over on Saturday and (we/
play) volleyball.

56 Unit 6
Practicing grammar
Be going to + verb for future plans,
12 Practice
intentions, and predictions Complete the conversations
Statements with be going to and the
Im verbs in parentheses.
Hes / Shes 1. A: Is Jason coming to your
(not) going to watch TV tonight.
party on Saturday?
Were / Theyre
B: I dont know. I (call)
Yes/No questions Short answers
Yes, I am. / No, Im not.
Are you him in a minute.
Yes, he/she is./No, hes /
Is he / she going to watch TV tonight?
shes not. 2. A: (you/have)
Are they
Yes, they are. / No, theyre not.
Information questions Answers a party for your
Whos going to watch TV tonight? I am. birthday this year?
What is she / he going to do tonight? Hes / Shes going to watch TV.
B: Yeah. I (have)
When are they going to watch TV? Tonight.

Discovering grammar it in a club.

A: What (you/wear)
Look at the grammar chart. Circle the correct answers. ?
1. Be going to is followed by the (past / base) form of a verb. B: Just jeans and a nice top.
2. Use be going to + verb to talk about (plans / promises). The party (not/be)


13 Practice
PAIRS. Look at the pictures.
Ask and answer what each
person is going to do. Choose
phrases from the box.

make a phone call

1 Angelina Jolie 2 Cameron Diaz play music
wash his car
take a bath

For example:
A: Whats Angelina Jolie going
to do?
B: Shes. . . . What about
Cameron Diaz? Whats she
going to do?

3 Jennifer Lopez 4 Russell Crowe

Unit 6 57
14 Pronunciation 17 Writing
The pronunciation of going to /gn/ GROUPS. Write some fashion dos and donts
for teenagers like you. Include the advice you
A. 54 Listen and repeat. heard in Exercise 15.
1. Im going to see you tonight.
2. Shes going to call you at 5:00.
3. Hes going to arrive at 7:00. 1. Wear styles youre going to be
4. Theyre going to play volleyball. comfortable in.
B. PAIRS. Take turns saying each sentence 2. Dont wear clothes that are too
out loud. fashionable or too trendy.
15 Listening 4.
Listen to the talk show. Circle the letter 5.
of the phrase that correctly completes each 6.
1. Olivia says the girls in her new school
. 8.
a. are not fashionable c. hate fashion
b. are into fashion
2. Lauren advises Olivia not to wear anything
thats .
a. too comfortable c. too short
b. too trendy
3. Noah tells Olivia to .
a. be confident c. be nice
b. look pretty
4. Lauren says a person cant be confident if the
clothes are .
a. too trendy c. not comfortable
b. too expensive
5. Ella advises Olivia to .
a. follow fashion trends c. look young
b. be herself
6. When choosing clothes, Anna advises
teenagers to consider their .
a. parents c. friends
b. personal style

16 Speaking
GROUPS. Discuss this question.
Do you agree with the advice that the teens and
the editor of Teen Magazine give? Explain your

58 Unit 6
Units 5 and 6
Test-taking tip: Keep your eyes on your own paper.
You dont want to appear to be cheating and cause unnecessary trouble for yourself.

Grammar Vocabulary
A. Complete the conversations with either the C. Put a check () next to proper behavior in
simple present or the present continuous. the classroom and an X next to the ones
(3 points each) that are not proper. (2 points each)
1. A: What (you/do) are you doing ? 1. paying attention to the teacher
B: I (check) my messages. 2. daydreaming during class
A: But why (you/use) 3. checking your messages on your
my computer? You always (use) cell phone
my things without 4. arguing with your classmates
permission. 5. taking notes during a lesson
B: Im sorry. But Mom (use)
6. sending instant messages during
the other one. Just five class
more minutes.
7. helping to erase the board
2. A: Can I borrow one of your Harry Potter
booksthe final book?
B: Im sorry, but I (read)
it. D. Complete the conversation. Use too and
enough in your responses. (3 points each)
A: You (not/read) it right
A: What do you think of these jeans?
now. You only (read)
B: (low and tight)
on weekends.
B: Youre wrong. I (just/rest)
A: What about this pair?
for five minutes.
B: Um. No, (not fashionable)
A: All right. But can I borrow it later?
B: Sure. .
A: Youre difficult. How about these? Are
B. Complete the conversation with the they, (fashionable)
present continuous form to express future
meaning. (2 points each) ?
B: Yes! They look great.
A: Can I come to your house tonight?
B: No, sorry. My cousins from Canada (visit)
A: When (they/come) ? Now I can . . .
talk about reasons for running late.
B: They (arrive) at 7:00 explain whats going on now.
tonight. compliment and respond to a
A: (you/take) them compliment.
B: Of course. We (take) them
all over town.

Unit 6 59
1 Reading
Reading skill: Using pictures
Look at the photos and illustrations in an article or story
before you read, as you read, and after you read.

A. PAIRS. Look at the title and pictures before you read. Talk to
a partner about what you see in the pictures.

B. As you read, look at the pictures that illustrate information.

C. After you read, use pictures to help you remember. Write the
letters of pictures that illustrate the following.
1. d Ancient Egypt 6. neck rings
2. thin women 7. tattoos
3. plump women 8. Maori culture
4. Renaissance Europe 9. long hair on men
5. Padaung culture 10. piercings

2 Listening
56 Listen to a fashion expert. On the chart, check () what she
says is stylish and attractive for men and women today.

Hairstyle Makeup Tattoos Piercings

short none none none
Men medium length a little one or two one or two
long a lot a lot a lot
short none none none
Women medium length a little one or two one or two
long a lot a lot a lot

3 Speaking
GROUPS. Talk about what makes men and women stylish
and attractive. Comment on hairstyle, makeup, tattoos, and
A: Do you think long hair is attractive on a man?
B: Well, I think short hair on a man is attractive.
C: Interesting. I think long hair is attractive.

4 Writing
Write two paragraphs about what you think makes men and
women attractive and stylish.

60 Wide Angle 2
Images of beauty and style are all around us: in movies, on television,
in magazines, and on the Internet. However, whats attractive changes
over time and varies from culture to culture.

What is the ideal body shape? In ancient Egypt, beautiful women were
thin and had small waists. In Renaissance Europe (13001500), peoplee
thought plump women were very beautiful. And in many traditionall
Pacific Island cultures, men find extremely heavy women very attractive..

In sixteenth-century England, the ideal woman had snow-white skin,,

red cheeks, and red lips. To make themselves attractive, women wore re
very white makeup and painted their lips and cheeks bright red. In thee
nineteenth century, makeup went out of fashion. Queen Victoria said d
it was impolite to wear makeup. By the 1940s, makeup was back in n
fashionbut snow-white skin was out. Suntans were glamorous.

Some cultures have very special ideas of beauty. For the Padaung of
Burma, a very long neck is beautiful on a woman. Girls from the age
of five or six wear metal rings around their necks. As their necks grow,
more rings are added.

In the traditional Maori culture of New Zealand, tattoos made a

man attractive. Men tattooed their faces and much of their bodies.
The tattoos were body art and gave information about mans
ut the mans
family and position in society. Long, healthy hair on a man also
made him handsome.

In western countries today, some people eople think

tattoos and body pier
r are attractive.
While some men and d women get smallm
tattoos, others get tatt
t all over their
bodies. Piercing is alsoo stylish, and noto just on
the ears. Some people have piercings on o their
eyebrows, noses,
noo lips, or tongues.

What do
d you think makes
akes a
n attractive?

Wide Angle 2 61
Fun with songs 1
A list of our favorite songs

A. GROUPS. On a piece of paper, make two E. Homework: Listen to as many of the songs
columns with the heads Favorite English on the class list as you can. Which songs do
songs and Favorite local songs. you like best? Why?

B. GROUPS. Talk about your favorite songs. F. CLASS. Share your reactions to the songs
Choose two or three songs for each with your classmates.
column. List their titles and the names
of the singers. Use the Useful language Useful language:
in your discussion.
Whats your favorite English song?
C. GROUPS. Present your list to the class. Thats mine, too!
Write the song titles and the singers I dont know that one. Can you sing
names on the board. a few lines?
Who sings it?
D. CLASS. Look at the titles on the board. Its not that popular, right?
Vote on your top three favorite songs in What about local songs?
each category. Copy the titles of the top Yeah, thats a really cool song.
songs into your notebook.

62 Fun with songs 1

Fun with songs 2
A booklet of favorite songs

Paper for each
groups booklet
Markers or
colored pencils
Lyrics to favorite
Pictures to
illustrate the

A. GROUPS. Look at the list of songs you from the collection and share some
made in Fun with songs 1. Each group information about the singer or group. Ask
member should choose one favorite song your classmates for their comments and
from the list. questions.

B. Homework: Each group member should E. CLASS. Vote on the following:

look for:
The best presentation
the lyrics to the song
The most creative song collection
biographical information about the singer
Your favorite song collection
or group
pictures to illustrate the song and booklet
C. GROUPS. Put your booklet together. Use Useful language:
the Useful language in your discussion.
Do we have the lyrics to all the songs?
How should we organize the songs?
how to organize the songs and
How about (by genre/alphabetically/
biographies by singers name)?
the title for the collection Should we include the singers biography
the decorations for the pages and cover of before or after each song?
the booklet What about the title for the collection?
Thats a really cool title!
D. GROUPS. Present your song book to Lets talk about the cover.
the class. If time allows, play one song

Fun with songs 2 63

Focus on culture 1
International Games
All over the world, people love to play games. Here are four fun games from different parts of the world.

1 Marco Polo from the United States

You play this game in a swimming pool. One
player closes his or her eyes and counts to ten.
The other players swim to different parts of the
pool. With eyes closed, the player tries to find
the others. He or she calls out Marco, and
the others say Polo. The game ends when the
player catches someone. Then its that persons
turn to find the others in the next game.

2 Take from the End from Japan

You play this game in pairs or groups. One
person says a word that does not end with thehe
n sound, for example, baseball. The nextt
person says a word that begins with the last
sound in that word, for example, love. Thenen
the next person says a word beginning with the
last sound in that word, for example, very. If
someone says a word ending with an n sound,und,
or if they cant think of a word, they lose.

3 The Hunter from Saudi Arabia

One person is the hunter. The hunter closess his
or her eyes while the other players run and hide.
Then the hunter starts looking for them. When
the hunter finds someone, the person starts
running and the hunter has to catch him or her.
The game ends when the hunter catches

4 Caught You! from China

A group of people sits in a circle. One person n
sits outside the circle, eyes closed, with his orr
her back to the group. The group quietly passes sses
a small ball from person to person. The person on
outside the circle says Stop! The person
holding the ball stands up and sings a song or
tells a story.

64 Focus on culture 1
1 Comprehension
A. Complete each statement with the name of
the correct game.
1. You play in water.
2. You need a ball for .
3. You answer a call in .
4. is a word game.
5. In , people run.
6. In , someone sings or
tells a story.
B. GROUPS. Play Take from the End or
Caught You! If you lose or have the ball,
you can either:
sing a song in English
say four funny sentences about yourself
(for example, I like to eat shoes.)

2 Comparing cultures
PAIRS. Discuss these questions.
1. Do you play any games similar to these in
your country?
2. What other games do people play in your
3. Describe a fun game people play in your

How many people play?

What are the rules?
What do people do?
How does someone win or lose?

3 Your turn
Write a paragraph about a game people play
in your country.

Focus on culture 1 65
Focus on culture 2

Do you like fast sports? Here are three sports from around the world with speeds of
over 60 miles per hour.
Sepak takraw is a Malaysian game that people play all over Southeast Asia. Its similar to
volleyball, but players cant touch the ball with their hands or arms. Instead, they must use
their feet, legs, and lower body to hit the ball and keep it from touching the ground. There
are three players on each team and they get three chances to try to send the ball over the net,
which is 5 feet high. To do this, players often do a 360-degree turn in the air. The opposing team
tries to block the ball with their legs and feet. The game is fast, fun, and excitingin fact, the
rattan ball can reach speeds of over 60 miles per hour!
In the frozen Arctic North, reindeer racing is a sport of skill and speed. We think of reindeer
as the cute animals that pull Santas sled. In fact, they are very strong animals that can survive
extremely low temperatures and can reach running speeds of 60 miles per hour. In Siberia, the
reindeer pull a sled in which the driver sits. In Finland, the reindeer driver is on skis and holds
on to the reins with both hands. Speeding behind the reindeer over frozen ground or ice is very
Sandboarding is especially popular in South America, Australia, and the United Statesbut
you can do it wherever there are sand dunes. Like snowboards, sandboards are waxed and
there are straps on the board for boots (or bare feet). Sandboarders usually walk up or ride a
dune buggy to the top of a dune, then hop on their boards for the awesome ride down. You can
reach speeds of 60 miles per hour and when you jump up into the air, you feel like youre ying.
Unlike snowboarding, you can sandboard all year round. Sand doesnt melt!
5 feet = 1.5 meters 60 miles = 97 kilometers

66 Focus on culture 2
1 Comprehension
A. Write short answers to the questions.
1. Where do people play sepak takraw?
all over Southeast Asia
2. How do takraw players hit the ball?

3. What do takraw players often do to send

the ball over the net?

4. How fast can reindeer run?

5. Look at the photo of reindeer racing. Is

this in Siberia or Finland?

6. How do sandboarders stay on the board?

7. What is an advantage of sandboarding?

B. PAIRS. Take turns pointing to the following

in the pictures:
1. a net 5. straps
2. reins 6. a 360-degree turn
3. a sand dune 7. frozen ground
4. a rattan ball

2 Comparing cultures
PAIRS. Discuss these questions.
1. Which of these sports would you like to
watch or do? Why?
2. Do people play or do any of these sports in
your country?
3. What are some interesting or unusual sports
in your country?
4. Choose one interesting or unusual sport.
What equipment do you need?
Where do you do or play it?
How do you do or play it?
What is exciting about it?

3 Your turn
Write a paragraph about an interesting or
unusual sport in your country.

Focus on culture 2 67
Fun with grammar
Unit 1, 6 Practice, page 9 Unit 3, 9 Practice,
For the teacher: You will need any object that you can spin, page 28
such as a pen. Have students sit in a circle. Before playing the
For the teacher: Tell
game, explain the mechanics of the game: You, the teacher,
students they are going
will begin by spinning the pen. When it stops spinning, the
to play a game called Ten
student the pen is pointing to will answer your question. After
Questions. This can be
that student answers, he or she will spin the pen. When the
done in groups of five or
pen stops spinning, the student the pen is pointing to will
six, or with the entire class.
answer S1s question, and so on.
Explain the mechanics of
For example: the game: Students think of
a well-known place in their
T: OK. Lets start! [Teacher spins pen, which points to S1.] Are
town or city. It must be a
you ready? place other students know.
S1: Yes, I am. [S1 spins pen, which points to S2.] Students make a list of all
S1: My names Luis. Whats your name? the things that they can
S2: My names Clara. [S2 spins pen, which points to S3.] find there (people, animals,
S2: Im 13. Are you 13? objects, etc.). Student 1 says
S3: Yes, I am. [S3 spins pen, which points to S4.] one sentence beginning
S3: Im very competitive. Are you very competitive? with There is or There are
S4: No, Im not. [S4 spins pen, which points to S5.] that describes his or her
place. The other students
take turns asking questions
Unit 2, 9 Practice, page 18 to get more information.
Once students have asked
For the teacher: This game can be played either as a team ten questions or guess the
competition or as a whole-class activity. To make the activity place, another student
more fun and challenging, give the commands as fast as you describes his or her place.
can. Students continue until all
places have been guessed or
Assign two to three students to help you monitor the activity. revealed.
Say out loud a command for students to follow. Those who
dont follow the command are out of the game. Use the For example:
suggested commands below or use your own. S1: There are a lot of people
1. Stand up. in this place.
2. Dont sit down. S2: Are there any cars in
3. Sit down. that place?
4. Stand up. S1: No, there arent.
5. Raise both hands. S3: Is there much noise?
6. Put down your right hand. S1: No, there isnt.
7. Raise your right hand. S4: Are there any trees
8. Dont put down your hands. there?
9. Put down both hands. S1: Yes, there are a lot of
10. Turn to the classmate on your left. trees.
11. Smile at your classmate. S5: Is it Central Park?
12. Turn around and face the board. S1: Yes, it is.

68 Fun with grammar

Unit 4, 10 Practice, page 38 Unit 6, 2 Practice,
For the teacher: page 52
1. Act out an activity for the class, for example, playing For the teacher:
basketball. Ask the class, What do I like doing? Elicit the
1. Have students draw
answer You like playing basketball.
a chart with three
2. Divide the class into two teams. Ask for 34 volunteers
columns, one labeled
from each team to act out activities. For example, choose
Correct, the other Partly
a student from Team A and whisper an activity to him or
Incorrect, and the third
her, for example, eating ice cream. That student acts out
labeled Incorrect.
the activity, and the opposing team gets the first chance to
2. Play some music. While
guess. If the opposing team is unable to guess, they pass,
the music is playing, have
and the students team gets the chance to steal the point.
students walk around
3. Once all activities have been acted out, add up each teams
the room, observing
points. The team that guessed the most activities wins.
their classmates
clothing, footwear, and
accessories. This activity
Unit 5, 6 Practice, page 44 should be done quickly;
For the teacher: the music should play for
less than one minute per
1. Divide the class into two teams. Give List A to Team A; List B round. As soon as the
to Team B. Tell students to try to memorize the -ing form of music stops, tell students
the verbs. Tell them to pay attention to spelling. After three to pair up with another
minutes, take the lists away. student. Students should
2. On the board, make two lists of the base form of some stand back to back with
of the verbs. Each list should have the same verbs but their charts. Tell students
arranged in a different order. to take turns making
3. Have a student from each team go to the board and choose statements about the
any verb to write in its -ing form. others appearance.
4. Each student should write only one verb, but he or she may
also correct the previous students answer. The first team to For example:
give all the correct answers wins. A: Youre wearing blue
List A
List B
1. wait waiting 1. explain explaining B: No, Im not. Im wearing
2. argue arguing 2. have having blue pants, not jeans.
3. jog jogging 3. pay paying If the student is 100 percent
4. sit sitting 4. erase erasing correct, he or she gets
5. practice practicing 5. wait waiting 2 points. Partial responses
6. have having 6. argue arguing are 1 point. Start the music
7. hang hanging 7. listen listening again. The students walk
around the room again.
8. erase erasing 8. run running
When the music stops, tell
9. pay paying 9. hang hanging students to pair off with a
10. explain explaining 10. sit sitting different partner. Continue
11. run running 11. practice practicing for four or five rounds.
12. listen listening 12. jog jogging

Fun with grammar 69

Word list
Lets get started. shy, 7 carrots, 26 Unit 5
aunt, 2 smart, 7 cheese, 26 arguing, 46
best friend, 2 strict, 7 cucumber, 26 daydreaming, 46
boyfriend, 2 studious, 7 doughnut, 26 discussing a problem, 46
brother, 2 floating market, 30 doing research on the
brush teeth, 3 Unit 2 lemon, 26 Internet, 46
children, 2 bacon, 14 lettuce, 26 erasing the board, 46
circle, 3 bananas, 14 loaf, 24 explaining something, 46
classmates, 2 bread, 14 melon, 26 getting into trouble, 46
cousin, 2 breakfast, 14 muffin, 26 hiking, 48
cover (v), 3 butter, 14 mushroom, 26 homeschooling, 48
daughter, 2 cake, 14 nuts, 26 paying attention, 46
describe, 3 carrots, 14 olive oil, 26 sleeping in class, 46
discuss, 3 cereal,14 onion, 26 spelling a word, 46
do homework, 3 cheese, 14 oranges, 26 taking notes, 46
draw, 3 chicken, 14 peach, 26 writing on the board, 46
eat or have breakfast/ chips, 14 peas, 26
lunch/dinner, 3 coffee, 14 potato, 26 Unit 6
father, 2 cookies, 14 sell, 30
tomato, 26 accessories, 53
friend, 2 dessert, 14 belt, 52
get home from school, 3 eggs, 14 yogurt, 26
baggy, 53
get up, 3 fish, 14 baseball cap, 53
girlfriend, 2 fruit, 14 Unit 4
boots, 52
go to bed, 3 ham, 14 action sports, 39 bracelet, 52
go to school, 3 ice cream, 14 baseball, 36 comfortable, 53
grandfather, 2 jam, 14 basketball, 36 dress, 52
grandmother, 2 juice, 14 biking, 36 dressy, 53
grandparents, 2 lunch, 14 bowling, 36 earrings, 52
guess, 3 maple syrup, 14 camping, 36 jacket, 52
imagine, 3 meat, 14 couch potato, 34 jeans, 52
leave the house, 3 milk, 14 figure skating, 36 necklace, 52
list, 3 nuts, 14 football, 36 pants, 52
mother, 2 omelet, 14 golf, 36 shoes, 52
neighbor, 2 pancakes, 14 gymnastics, 36 skirt, 52
only child, 2 pasta, 14 hockey, 36 sneakers, 52
parents, 2 peanut butter, 16 Rollerblading, 36 socks, 52
pet, 2 pears, 14 skateboarding, 36 sweater, 52
repeat, 3 pie, 14 soccer, 36 top, 52
sister, 2 pizza, 14 sunbather, 38 T-shirt, 52
son, 2 pork chop, 14 swimming, 36
take a shower, 3 rice, 14 table tennis, 36
uncle, 2 sandwiches, 14 tennis, 36
underline, 3 sausages, 14 track and field, 36
wake up, 3 seafood, 14 volleyball, 36
shrimp, 14
Unit 1 snacks, 14 Your Sun Worshipper Rating
competitive, 7 soda, 14
soup, 14 69 You are a true sun worshipper. You love
easygoing, 7 being at the sea and lying in the sun, but you
friendly, 7 tea, 14
tomatoes, 14 should try to be more active.
fun, 7
vegetables, 14 36 You like the sun, but you dont just sit or
nickname, 6
water, 14 lie down on the beach. You like being active.
outgoing, 7
perfectionist, 7 03 You hate the sun. You also hate going to
popular, 7 Unit 3 the beach, especially when there are too many
quiet, 7 beans, 26 people. You dont mind doing a bit of exercise,
serious, 7 beef, 26 but you are definitely not a sun worshipper.

70 Word list
Lets get started. 72

UNIT 1 Meet Alex and his friends.

Vocabulary 74 Grammar highlights 114
Grammar 75 Grammar practice 115
Communication 79

UNIT 2 Do you have any pizza dough?

Vocabulary 80 Grammar highlights 118
Grammar 83 Grammar practice 119
Communication 85

UNIT 3 Are there any chips left?

Vocabulary 86 Grammar highlights 122
Grammar 87 Grammar practice 123
Communication 91
Skills Development 1 92

UNIT 4 How often do you go rock climbing?

Vocabulary 94 Grammar highlights 126
Grammar 96 Grammar practice 127
Communication 99

UNIT 5 Everybodys waiting for us.

Grammar 100 Grammar highlights 130
Vocabulary 104 Grammar practice 131
Communication 105

UNIT 6 What are you going to wear?

Vocabulary 106 Grammar highlights 134
Grammar 107 Grammar practice 135
Communication 111
Skills Development 2 112
Personal information Friends
1 Read the introductions. Then fill in the chart 3 Unscramble the letters to form the words.
with the information. 1. yobridnef boyfriend 4. saltscame
Hi. My names Rob Snapp. Hi, Rob. Its nice to 2. brenihog 5. tep
Im a new student. meet you. Im Brent
Im 14 years old. Rodin. Im 14, too. 3. frligdiner 6. inrfesd

Classroom commands
4 Label the pictures with the commands.
1. 4.

Last name First name Age
2. 5.

The family
2 Write a word from the box next to the
correct relationship. 3. Your turn. 6.

aunt brother cousin

grandfather grandmother
grandparents parents uncle

1. father and mother = parents

2. your mothers son = Everyday activities
3. your fathers brother =
5 Complete the activities.
4. your fathers mother =
1. leave the house 4. my homework
5. your aunts child =
2. my teeth 5. breakfast
6. your parents parents =
3. up 6. a shower
7. your mothers father =
8. your cousins mother =

72 Lets get started.

This/these; That/those
8 Complete the sentences with This, These,
Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and That, or Those.
verbs 1. These are your magazines over here.

6 A. Read the sentences. Circle the adjectives 2. is an apple over there.

and draw two lines under the verbs. 3. are books right here.
The teacher told us that France is a 4. is a pencil here.
beautiful and interesting country.
5. are shoes over there.
She said the book was boring. He read it
B. Complete the chart with words from
the sentences. Ask and answer questions
Noun Subject Object 9 Match the questions with the answers.
pronoun pronoun c 1. Whats todays a. Its on February
date? 23rd.
2. What time is it? b. At seven
3. What day is it? oclock.

4. Whens your c. Its October

birthday? 11th.
Prepositions of location 5. Whats this? d. Hes my
7 Look at the picture. Choose the correct 6. Who is Gary
e. Its four-thirty.
preposition to complete the sentences. Davis?
7. What time do f. Its Thursday
you get up? g. Its a ruler.

Say goodbye
10 Match a verb from Column A with a word
or phrase from Column B. Write the letters
on the lines.
1. The backpack is (under / on ) the car. b 1. good a. a great trip
2. The chairs are (behind / under) the umbrella. 2. keep b. luck
3. The basket is (above / in front of) the chair. 3. have c. care
4. The clock is (in front of / behind) the fence. 4. take d. in touch
5. The magazines are (under / on) the chair.
6. The sun is (above / under) the beach.

Lets get started. 73

1 2
Get started S E R I O U S

1 Complete the adjectives. Write a, e, i, o, or

u in the blanks. 3
1. p o p u l a r
2. syg ng
3. s r s
4. tg ng 6
5. fr ndly
6. q t
7 8
7. st d s
8. c mp t t v
9. str ct 9
10. sm rt
11. f n

Move up 10

2 Write the words from Exercise 1 in the

puzzle. Use the clues. Which word does not fit? Write it on the line.
1. very sensible; usually works hard
3. intelligent
6. enjoys meeting new people Reach for the top
7. enjoyable or entertaining
9. liked by a lot of people
3 Complete each sentence with the opposite of
the adjective in bold. Use words from the box.
10. very calm; not noisy or loud
Down easygoing friendly fun outgoing
2. not easily upset; usually not worried popular quiet studious
4. behaves in a nice way
5. spends a lot of time studying 1. Shes not unfriendly. Shes friendly .
8. makes a lot of rules and demands to 2. Im not shy. Im .
be followed
3. Dan isnt talkative. Hes .
4. You are very strict. Cant you be more
5. Gemma isnt . Shes lazy.
6. My dad isnt . Hes boring.
74 Unit 1 7. Youre not unpopular. Youre .
Review of the simple present: be
Statements and questions

Get started
4 Read Kokos e-mail. Circle the correct form of the verb be.

Hi, Julia,
It (s / m) me, Koko. How (is / are) you? I (s / m) fine. I (m not / re not) at school at the
(1) (2) (3) (4)
moment because my parents and I (am / are) on vacation. Guess what? I have a new friend.
His name (is / am) Felix. He (is / am) smart and outgoing. He (is / am) fifteen years old. He
(6) (7) (8)
(isnt / arent) from around here. He and his parents (is / are) Brazilian. I met his parents last
(9) (10)
week, and they (s / re) really easygoing. Write soon and tell me whats new!

Move up
5 Complete the questions with Is or Are. Then 6 Read the answers. Then complete the
write short answers. questions with Who, Where, How, or What.
1. A: What are those under the table?
1. Is Koko at school?
B: Those are my dirty sneakers.
No, she isnt.
2. A: are your parents?
2. Koko and her parents on vacation? B: Theyre on vacation.
3. A: is your next class?
B: Its English.
3. Kokos new friend shy?
4. A: is your English teacher?
B: Mrs. Scott.
4. Kokos new friends name Oscar? 5. A: old are you?
B: Im sixteen.

5. Felixs parents American?

6. Felixs parents from Brazil?

Workbook 75
Review of the simple present: other verbs
Statements and questions

Get started
7 Complete the sentences with the simple present forms of the verbs in parentheses.

This is Steven. His friends (call) call him Steve. Hes a student, and he
(live) with his parents in San Francisco. His best friends, Darren and Chuck,
(live) there, too. They all (go) to the same
(3) (4)
school. Steve (like) to play football and hockey, but he
(not/like) soccer. On Saturdays Steve (work)
(6) (7)
in a restaurant, and on Sunday afternoons he (meet) his
friends Darren and Chuck. They are in a dance group, and they

(practice) every Sunday. We (love) music and

(9) (10)
dance, says Steve, but we (not/perform) very often.

Move up
8 Read the answers. Write information 9 Make the negative sentences affirmative
questions about the underlined words. and the affirmative sentences negative.

1. What do Stevens friends call him? 1. I have a lot of free time.

They call him Steve. I dont have a lot of free time.
2. 2. Tony doesnt travel every day.
He lives in San Francisco.
3. 3. We study French at school.
Darren and Chuck are his best friends.
4. You dont work for your father.
Steve works in a restaurant on Saturdays.
On Sundays he meets his friends Darren and 5. I dont get paid every week.
6. Sarah has a very busy schedule.

7. John and Maria practice on weekends.

76 Unit 1
Reach for the top
10 Read the information and write sentences NAME: Maria Costa
about Maria.
1. (call) Her friends call her Mari. NICKNAME: Mari

AGE: 14
2. (be) She
CITY: Seattle

3. (live) She music, TV


4. (like) She DISLIKES: computers, football


5. (not/like) She
LANGUAGES: Spanish, English

6. (play) She outgoing, friendly,

7. (speak) She

8. (be) She

11 Write Yes/No questions and short answers about Maria.

1. Maria / live / Seattle / ? 5. she / speak / French / ?
Does Maria live in Seattle?
Yes, she does.
2. Maria / like / music / ? 6. she / play / the guitar / ?

3. her friends / call / her / Maria / ? 7. Maria / shy / ?

4. Maria / like / football / ? 8. Maria / friendly / ?

Workbook 77
Possessive pronouns

Get started Move up

12 Circle the correct words. 13 Write the correct possessive pronouns.
1. Whose soccer ball is this? Is it (your / yours)? 1. Give it to her. Its hers .
2. I cant find (my / mine) computer magazines. 2. Give it to me. Its .
3. Luis is doing his homework, but Carmen 3. Give it to them. Its .
isnt doing (her / hers). 4. Give it to him. Its .
4. Did you pass (your / yours) exams this year? 5. Give it to us. Its .
5. That comic book is (my / mine). 6. You take it. Its .
6. (Our / Ours) basketball team is good, but
(their / theirs) isnt good at all.
7. I love (her / hers) house! Its much nicer than
(our / ours).

14 Look at the pictures and complete the conversations with possessive pronouns. Write mine,
yours, his, hers, theirs, or ours.

1. A: Excuse me. Is this puppy yours ? 3. A: Excuse me. Is this puppy yours?
B: No, it isnt . I think its B: No, it isnt. Do you see those people over
. there? I think its .

2. A: Excuse me. Is this puppy ? 4. A: Well, it isnt theirs.

B: OK, we can keep it. Its now!
B: No. I think its .
A: Hooray!

78 Unit 1
Communication Move up
16 Read the responses. Write the questions.
Get started Whats up?
A: Hey,
15 Read the statements. Write the appropriate
responses from the box. B: Nothing much. How about you?
A: Im OK.
B: What student?
A: That one.
B: Oh, shes from the U.S. Shes a new student
A: Really?
B: Lauren. Lauren Stern.
B: I think shes 14.
B: Yeah, shes very friendly. Come on. Ill
introduce you to her.

Reach for the top

17 Imagine you have a new student in your
No, its not. class. Write a conversation between you
But hes really serious. and a friend about the new student. Talk
Hes OK. about the students physical description
Mr. Cruise. and personality. Use the conversation in
Nothing much. Exercise 15 as a model.
A: Whos that?
A: Hey, Whats up?
B: Thats Matt. Hes a new student.
B: Nothing much. New school year, new
(1) A:
teachers. B:
A: Whos your English teacher this year? A:
B: B:
A: Is he strict? A:
B: . I like him. B:
A: What about your math teacher?
Is he OK, too?
B: Well, hes not bad.
A: Thats cool.
B: . I get bored in class.

Workbook 79
Get started
1 Unscramble and write the breakfast words.
1. adreb bread 6. mah
2. ceuji 7. klim
3. ate 8. segg
4. trubet 9. fecofe
5. nobac 10. kacsneap

2 Write the breakfast words from Exercise 1 under the correct pictures.
1. 2. 3.

4. 5.

6. 7. 8.

9. 10.

80 Unit 2
3 Write the words from the box in the correct 4 Complete the lunch and dinner words.
1. s o d a
cake cereal chips eggs 2. s ndw ch
fish ice cream omelet pancakes 3. p zz
pasta pie pizza pork chops
4. w t r
Breakfast Lunch/Dinner Snacks/Desserts 5. c cr m
cake 6. c k
7. st k
8. r ng
9. p rk ch ps

5 Label the pictures. Use the words in Exercise 4.

1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6.

7. 8. 9.

6 Circle the word that doesnt belong.

1. pancakes butter steak maple syrup
2. ham cheese bread carrots
3. pasta cake ice cream cookies
4. seafood juice vegetables rice
5. tea chips coffee milk
6. bananas oranges vegetables apples

Workbook 81
Move up Reach for the top
7 Find and circle the food and drinks from the 9 Complete the sentences with words from
box in the puzzle. the box.

banana chicken coffee fish bacon banana butter chips

orange shrimp steak water eggs ham ice cream pie
pork chops sandwich shrimp soda
T R O M T A R G O 1. Ice cream is my favorite dessert.
S P A N D E C X F 2. You need to make an omelet.
H B A N A N A L F 3. Im thirsty. Do we have any ?

R W O N G E R K E 4. Apple and vanilla ice cream go

well together.
5. , , and come
M T O M A T O Y L from pigs.
P E R G I G T D O 6. No for me, thanks. I dont like
S R C H I C K E N seafood.
7. We need some to put on our
8 Write the words from Exercise 7 in the
8. make a good snack between
correct category.
fruit banana 9. A green is not ready to eat.
10. Can I have a ham and cheese ,
seafood please?



82 Unit 2
Move up
Count and noncount nouns 12 Read the dialogue. Complete the
sentences with a or an. Put an X before
nouns that dont need a or an.
Get started
10 Write C before the count nouns, and NC
before the noncount nouns.
NC 1. ice cream 9. cheese
C 2. chocolate chips 10. tomato
3. nuts 11. egg
4. juice 12. butter
Jack: Mom, can I have a cookie, please?
5. apple 13. soup (1)
6. green bean 14. onion Mom: No, Jack. Cookies arent very healthful.

7. maple syrup 15. cookie Would you like banana?

8. food 16. rice Jack: No, thanks. Bananas are boring. What
about chips? Theyre healthful!
11 Write a or an before each singular count Mom: No, they arent. Why dont you have
noun. Put an X before nouns that dont
need a or an. orange?
1. Mom is baking a pie in the oven. Jack: OK. Can I have milk with it?
2. We need eggs to make a cake. Mom: Yes, of course.
3. Lets make pancakes. Jack: And cheese?
4. My eyes tear up whenever I peel
Mom: Good idea. In fact, Ill make you
onion. (7)
cheese sandwich, OK?
5. I want to buy book to read on
Jack: OK. Thanks, Mom.
the train.
6. If you have a cold, you should eat
orange. Reach for the top
7. My brother always sprinkles 13 Complete the sentences with the correct
chocolate chips on his ice cream. form of the verb. Use contractions where
8. Would you like a banana or possible.
apple? 1. Oranges (have) have a lot of
9. Emily usually eats cereal for vitamins.
breakfast. 2. Nuts (be) very healthful.
10. Id like to have omelet, please. 3. This honey does (not/taste)
11. She always puts butter on her very sweet.
bread. 4. Pasta (be) very good for you.
12. My brother got car for his 5. Onions do (not/make) me cry.
birthday. 6. Rice does (not/have) many
vitamins in it.

Workbook 83
Move up
Imperatives (Commands) 15 Complete the sentences with the negative
imperatives of the verbs in the box.
Get started be drink eat forget
14 Circle the imperatives. go sit turn worry

1. Dinner is at seven oclock. Dont be

2. This milk is really old. it.
3. Theres a cake on the chair!
on it.
4. That fish isnt cooked. it.
5. to turn off the oven when the
pizza is ready.
6. Everything will be fine. !
7. Im listening to this. it off.
8. Please, . I need your help.

Reach for the top

1. Tom: Do you need any help?
16 Read the sentences. Write a positive or
Maria: Yes, please turn off the oven. negative imperative for each situation.
Use the sentences in the box.
2. Jack: Do you like this show?
Sue: Yes! Dont turn it off. Sit down.
Dont be scared!
3. Greg: Im starving. Look in your backpack.
Tim: Stop complaining! Eat some chips. Dont eat it.
Dont worry!
4. Jane: We dont have any butter. Find something to do.
Mark: Dont worry. 1. This sandwich tastes bad.
5. Sarah: Relax, John. Dont eat it.

John: Dont tell me to relax! 2. Im bored.

6. Dan: Bye, Mom!

3. Im nervous about the math test.
Mom: Dont forget your sandwiches.

7. George: Its raining. 4. I cant find my cell phone.

Fred: Dont worry. I have an umbrella.

8. Colin: Theres the theater. Stop here! 5. That dog scares me.
Steve: OK, OK. Dont shout.
6. Im so tired.

84 Unit 2
Communication Move up
18 Complete the conversation with sentences
Get started from the box.

17 Number the lines of the recipe for a

peanut butter and jelly sandwich in the
correct order. Then write the complete
recipe in order on the lines below.
Put the second slice of bread on top of
the first slice.
Put a spoonful of jelly on top of the
peanut butter.
Next, crack two eggs into a bowl.
Eat and enjoy!
Finally, fold the omelet, slide it onto a plate,
Spread peanut butter on one slice of and enjoy!
bread. Now wait a few minutes.
1 Get two slices of bread. Then beat the eggs and pour them into the
Then spread the jelly.
First, put some oil in a pan and heat it at a
1. Get two slices of bread. low temperature.
You can sprinkle some cheese onto the
4. Ray: Im starving. Lets make an omelet!
5. Lucia: Sounds good. So how do we make an
Ray: First, put some oil in a pan and heat it at
a low temperature.
Lucia: OK. Whats next?

Lucia: Then what do I do?
Lucia: Should I use a fork to beat the eggs?
Ray: Yes, heres a fork.
Lucia: OK. Can I add other ingredients?
Lucia: Great! I love cheese. Now what?
Lucia: Now Im really hungry.
Ray: Your omelet is almost ready.


Workbook 85
Get started
1 Look at the pictures. Then complete the food words.
1. 2. 3. 4.

d o u g h n u t o n u u b e u e
5. 6. 7. 8.

m n el y g t u m

2 Write the words from Exercise 1 in the puzzle.

86 Unit 3
Move up Study Corner
3 Write the words from Exercises 1 and 2 Expanding your vocabulary
in the correct category. You can learn new English words
every day by looking around and
Bakery products Dairy listening. When you see a new word in an
advertisement or hear a new word in a song, write it
down! Then look it up in your dictionary.

5 Think of three new words you saw

or heard recently. Look them up in a
dictionary. Write the words and their
definitions below.
Fruit Vegetables

Reach for the top There is/There are with
some and any
4 Complete the sentences with words from Statements and questions
the box.

beef cucumber doughnut lettuce Get started

melons muffins potatoes yogurt
6 Complete the sentences. Circle is(nt) or
1. A cucumber is a long, green vegetable.
1. There (is / are) an onion on the table.
2. A is round with a hole in the
2. There (isnt / arent) any beef.
3. (Is / Are) there any cucumbers in the
3. is a healthful dairy product.
4. You need to make chips.
4. There (is / are) a few doughnuts on the plate.
5. is a kind of meat.
5. There (isnt / arent) any melons.
6. Many people eat for breakfast.
6. (Is / Are) there any yogurt?
7. are my favorite fruit.
7. There (is / are) a dog in the kitchen!
8. Rabbits like to eat .
8. There (isnt / arent) any soda.

Workbook 87
Move up
7 Look at the picture. Then complete each sentence. Circle the letter next to the correct answer.
1. potatoes in the refrigerator.
a. There arent any b. There are some c. There is a
2. egg.
a. There isnt any b. There is some c. There is an
3. milk.
a. There isnt any b. There is some c. There is a
4. tomatoes.
a. There are some b. There is some c. There is a
5. water.
a. There isnt any b. There are some c. There is a
6. cheese.
a. There arent any b. There is some c. There is a
7. doughnuts.
a. There arent any b. There are some c. There is some

Reach for the top

8 Write questions about the picture in 9 Look at the picture in Exercise 7. Write short
Exercise 7. Use the cues and any. answers to the questions in Exercise 8.
1. (rice) Is there any rice? 1. No, there isnt.
2. (cheese) 2.
3. (tomatoes) 3.
4. (butter) 4.
5. (onions) 5.
6. (milk) 6.
7. (muffins) 7.

88 Unit 3
Move up
Questions with 11 Complete the sentences with How much or
How many.
How much and How many

Get started
10 Complete the sentences. Circle the correct

Interviewer: Today, Im talking to athlete Rosa

Blanco. Rosa, how much time
do you spend training every day?
Rosa: I train for two hours in the
morning and three hours in the
1. How (much / many) money do you spend evening.
on food each week? Interviewer: Wow! days a
2. How (much / many) eggs do you want? week do you train?
3. How (much / many) sleep do you get every Rosa: Every day.
Interviewer: You must get very tired!
4. How (much / many) time do we have?
hours do you
5. How (much / many) bottles of water do you (3)

drink per day? sleep at night?

6. How (much / many) yogurt is there in the Rosa: I try to get at least eight hours of
refrigerator? sleep every night.
7. How (much / many) hours do you work? Interviewer: What about your diet?
8. How (much / many) coffee do your parents fruit do you eat
use every month?
every day?
9. How (much / many) onions do we need?
Rosa: A lot. I love fruit, especially
10. How (much / many) text messages do you oranges.
send your friends each day?
Interviewer: oranges do you
11. How (much / many) cheese do you want in
your sandwich? eat per day?

12. How (much / many) more questions do we Rosa: Oh, usually three. Sometimes
have to answer? five!
Interviewer: What about junk food?
junk food do you eat?
Rosa: I never eat junk food!

Workbook 89
12 Look at Marcos shopping list. Then write 2. How many cookies do you eat per day?
questions for the answers. a. a few b. a little
3. How much money do you have?
a. a lot b. a few
4. How many friends do you have?
a. a little b. a lot
5. How much milk is there in your refrigerator?
a. a few b. a little

Move up
14 Complete the sentences. Write a little, a
few, or a lot of and a word from the box.

1. How much yogurt does he want? days eggs Japanese money

Two containers. rooms salt syrup water

2. 1. I cant go out for dinner tonight because I

Half a pound. dont have a lot of money .
3. 2. Dont forget to put
Five. in the soupbut not too much!
4. 3. Today is June 19. Only
One pound. are left before
classes end.
4. It was very hot yesterday, so I drank
5. I live in a very small house. There are only
One quart.
in it.

Grammar 6. I understand some of what Masako says

because I speak .
Expressions of quantity: 7. You need to make
a few, a little, a lot of omelets for twenty people!
8. My brother likes to put only
Get started
on his pancakes,
13 Circle the letter of the correct answer. but I like to put on a lot.
1. How much chocolate do you eat every
a. A few. b. A lot.

90 Unit 3
Get started
15 Read the questions. Then look at the
pictures and write the correct responses.
Would you like a doughnut?


Would you like an apple?

Yes, please.
Would you like a sandwich?

Move up

Would you like some soda?

16 Complete the dialogues. Accept () or
refuse () a new food from the box.
No, thanks.
3. coffee ice cream muffin water

1. A: Im in the mood for a doughnut. Are

there any doughnuts?
B: No, there arent any. Would you like a

Would you like some ice cream? A: () Sure.

2. A: I need a hot drink. Is there any tea?

4. B:
A: ()
3. A: Im thirsty. Is there any soda?
A: ()
4. A: Im in the mood for yogurt. Is there any
Would you like some beef?
A: ()

Workbook 91
Skills Development 1


A High-Tech

A screen fridge An online supermarket

Max is coming home from school, and Sarah is sitting at home. Its Saturday,
hes very hungry. Hes going to have a and there isnt a lot of food in the house.
snack and then go out. He wants a cheese Her dad usually goes to the supermarket,
and tomato sandwich and a glass of milk. but hes feeling under the weather. Sarah
5 But whats in the refrigerator? Is there any wants to go to the supermarket, but she 25
cheese? Are there any tomatoes? There was cant drive. Shes only fourteen. The store
some milk this morning, but is there any isnt that far, but it takes an hour to walk
now? there. Whats she going to do?
Well, now Max can ask the refrigerator, Sarah can do her food shopping
10 and you can, too! Thanks to the new without leaving home. She can go to an 30
screen fridge, you always know what online supermarket, and so can you! All
there is to eat and drink. The screen you need is an Internet connection. You
fridge has an Internet link, so you can can go to a supermarkets website; choose
go to it from any computer and find out a food category, such as fruit or dairy; look
15 whats inside. When the refrigerator is at pictures of all the food and drinks; and 35
almost empty, the screen fridge compiles select your groceries. You can type in how
a grocery list and transmits it to the many apples you want and how much
supermarket. Theres also a video message bread you want to buy. And you can see
board on the door, so you can leave how much everything costs. After you
20 messages for your family. select the food you want to buy and type 40
in your zip code, someone will deliver the
food to your house. Its that easy!

92 Skills Development 1
Vocabulary 3 Answer the questions.
1. What does Max want to eat?
1 Match the words with the definitions. A cheese and tomato sandwich.
Write the letters.
2. What does he want to drink?
A screen fridge
d 1. thanks to a. group of things of
(line 10) the same type 3. Whats on the door of the refrigerator?
2. compiles b. take goods to a
(line 16) particular place 4. Why cant Sarahs dad go to the
3. transmits c. makes a book, supermarket?
(line 17) list, or record
An online d. because of 5. Why cant Sarah drive to the supermarket?
supermarket e. sends
4. under the f. sick 6. How is Sarah going to get her groceries?
g. food sold in a
(line 24)
5. category
(line 34) Writing
6. groceries
(line 36) 4 Think of a high-tech product for the
7. deliver kitchen. It can be real or imagined. Say
(line 41) what it is. Describe what it looks like, and
explain what it does.

2 Answer true (T ) or false (F ).
1. Max is going to have breakfast. F
2. A screen fridge can tell you whats
3. Max can find out whats in the
fridge before he gets home.
4. Sarah is going to drive to the
5. Sarah is going to order her groceries
on the phone.
6. If Sarah shops online, she wont
have to go to the store.

Workbook 93
Get started 1.

1 Look at the pictures. Then write the name of each sport or activity in the puzzle.
Use a dictionary if you need help.


? 3.
What is the mystery sport? Write it on the line.



94 Unit 4
2 Unscramble the words to write the sports 4. Dan likes (playing / going) table tennis.
and activities from the box. 5. Lets (do / go) skateboarding this afternoon!
6. I cant (play / do) gymnastics its too hard.
baseball basketball football
gymnastics hockey Rollerblading 7. She (plays / goes) bowling every night.
skateboarding soccer table tennis 8. Do you know how to (play / do) volleyball?
volleyball wall climbing

1. blaylellov volleyball Reach for the top

2. eblat nisnet 5 Read the sentences. Then write the names
3. yeckho of the sports.
4. labsleba 1. You play this game with a ball. You hit the
5. toolflab ball over the net with your hands. People
sometimes play this game on the beach.
6. smangsticy
7. reccos
2. This game is very popular in the United
8. lawl bimcling States. There are nine people on each team.
9. stabklebla You hit the ball with a bat and run around
10. randiboskaget three bases to reach home.
11. ladgirlnobleR 3. You wear boots with wheels on the bottom
to do this sport.
Move up 4. In this sport, there are eleven players
on each team. Only the goalkeeper may
3 Write the sports and activities from touch the ball with his or her hands.
Exercises 1 and 2 in the correct categories.

Sports with Sports with Other 5. In this ball game, there are five players on
wheels balls each team. This game is easy if you are
very tall.
6. Roger Federer and Serena Williams are
famous players of this sport.
7. This game is played over a very large area
with eighteen holes. You must try to get the
ball into these holes.
8. You do this sport in the water!

9. This game is usually played on ice. There

are six players on each side.
10. In this game, you roll a heavy ball down
4 Circle the correct word. a path and try to knock over ten wooden
1. I hate (doing / going) camping. pins.
2. Do you like (playing / doing ) track and field?
3. We (play / go) rock climbing every weekend.

Workbook 95
Move up
Adverbs and expressions of 8 Read each sentence. Decide where the
adverb goes and insert it in the sentence.
frequency and How often
1. I clean my teeth. (always)
Get started ^

6 Complete the adverbs. Write a, e, i, o, or u 2. She goes swimming. (sometimes)

in the blanks.
1. s o m e t i m e s 3. My mother drives the car. (never)
2. n v r
3. lw ys 4. I play video games. (often)

4. s lly
5. It rains in April. (usually)
5. ft n

6. Daniel listens to music. (all the time)

7 What does Toni do after school? Look at
the chart. Then circle the correct word to
complete the sentences. 7. I hate going to school. (every day)
Tonis After-School Activities
Always 8. You are late for class. (always)

9. She eats out. (never)


Often 10. We have a party. (twice a year)

Do Watch Play Cook Go to
homework TV computer dinner bed
games early

1. Toni (sometimes / never) cooks dinner.

2. She (always / often) plays computer games.
3. She (usually / always) does her homework.
4. She (never / usually) watches TV.
5. She (always / never) goes to bed early.

96 Unit 4
9 How often does Marta do her favorite activities? Look at the chart. Then write
questions and short answers using adverbs or expressions of frequency.

Activities Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday

1. go out with her family
2. play basketball
3. wash her hair
4. call her best friend
5. eat out

1. Q: How often does she go out with her family?

A: Twice a week.
2. Q:
3. Q:
4. Q:
5. Q:

Reach for the top

10 How often do you do these sports and activities? Write four sentences. For each sentence,
use an activity from the first box and a word or phrase from the second box.

Activities and sports Adverbs and phrases of frequency

go to the movies every day (week, month, year)
watch TV never
play soccer once (twice, three times) a week
do my homework once (twice, three times) a month
once (twice, three times) a year

1. I go to the movies once a week.


Workbook 97
4. She hates running.
Gerunds after verbs like, love, 5. She doesnt like playing volleyball.
hate, (dont) mind, prefer
6. She loves biking.
Get started
11 Complete the sentences with the gerund
forms of the verbs in parentheses.
Reach for the top
13 What kinds of sports do you like? Write
sentences about yourself using the cues.

1. (like) I like biking.

2. (hate)

3. (dont mind)
4. (love)

5. (prefer)

My name is Monica Gibbons, and I like

(play) playing all kinds of sports. I especially Study Corner
like (swim) and other water sports. Increasing your verb power
When you learn new verbs, make
Skateboarding is very exciting, but I only do notes about the spelling changes.
that in the summer. Gymnastics is fun, too, and Use a chart like the one below.
I really enjoy (run) . Ball games are
(3) Base form Third-person Gerund
fantastic! I like (play) volleyball and of verb singular/simple form
soccer with my friends on the beach. There
go goes going
are only a few sports I dont like. Im afraid of run runs running
heights, so I dont enjoy (climb) .I have has having
also hate (bike) anywhere!
14 Complete the chart.
Base form Third-person Gerund
Move up of verb singular/simple form
12 Correct the false sentences about Monica. present

1. Monica cant stand playing sports. 1. come

Monica likes playing sports. 2. put
3. do
2. She doesnt like swimming.
4. write
5. live
3. She prefers climbing. 6. win

98 Unit 4
Communication Move up
16 Complete the dialogues. Write the
Get started questions.

15 Complete the conversation with the words 1. A: Would you rather watch team sports
in the box. or action sports ?
B: Id rather watch team sports. Team
do doing hate like
sports are never boring to watch.
love prefer rather
2. A: ?
B: Id rather play soccer. Table tennis isnt
much fun.
3. A: ?
B: Id rather eat meat. I dont like fish.
4. A: ?
B: Id rather eat oranges. I like apples, but
oranges are great.
5. A: ?
B: Id rather go to the park. Theres nothing
on TV.
6. A: ?
Roy: Hey, Steven. What do you like B: Id rather play tennis. We dont have
doing on the weekend? enough people for a soccer game!
Steven: I playing sports.
(2) Reach for the top
Roy: Really? Would you play
(3) 17 Write a conversation between you and a
team sports or action sports? friend about what you like to do in the
evenings after school. Use Exercise 15 as
Steven: Action sports. I rock
(4) a model.
A: What do you like doing after school?
Roy: Seriously? I climbing. Its so
(5) B: I love . . .
Steven: What kinds of sports you A:
like? B:
Roy: I dont like sports. I playing A:
computer games. B:

Workbook 99
2 Make the negative sentences affirmative
Grammar and the affirmative sentences negative.
The present continuous 1. Its raining.
Statements and questions Its not raining.
2. Im not joking.
Get started
1 Write sentences with the present continuous 3. Theyre playing volleyball.
using the cues. Use contractions.
1. 4. He isnt practicing.

5. We arent waiting for the train.

he / swim Hes swimming.
2. 6. Youre reading my book.

7. Shes wearing her new jeans.

she / run
8. Were running late.

9. They arent hanging out at the mall.

they / play basketball 10. Im having fun.

11. Theyre not taking pictures.

12. Hes waiting for us.

she / play soccer
13. Jeff and Zach arent watching the game.

14. Pam isnt listening to music.

he / ride his bike

she / Rollerblade

100 Unit 5
Move up 4 Write Yes/No questions and short answers.
Use the cues and the picture in Exercise 3.
3 Read the paragraph and look at the
1. Rosa and Matt / sit
pictures. Then complete the sentences.
Are Rosa and Matt sitting?
Im Susan. Today is my birthday. My friends
and I are having a party. Were in the backyard No, they arent.
at my house. Were having lots of fun. The 2. Susan / read a book
weather is wonderful.

3. the kids / have a birthday party

4. Billy / listen to music

5. the dog / run

1. Rosa and Matt (play)

are playing volleyball. 6. Keiko and Kenji / dance
2. Billy (listen) to
3. Keiko and Kenji (swim) 7. the kids / have fun
in the pool.
4. The kids (not/take)
5. The dog (sleep) 5 Write information questions for the
under the table. answers. Use the question words in
6. It (not/rain) today.
1. What are Susan and her friends doing? (what)
7. Susan (eat) a hot
Susan and her friends are having a party.
2. (where)
8. Susan (not/open)
They are playing in the backyard.
her presents.
3. (why)
9. The kids (have) a
They are having a party because it is Susans
10. They (celebrate)
4. (what)
Susans birthday.
Susan is eating a hot dog.

Workbook 101
6. A: Wheres Tony? (Is he playing / Does he
Grammar play) tennis again?
The simple present contrasted B: I think so. He (is playing / plays) tennis
with the present continuous every Saturday.
Statements and questions 7. A: Why (are we usually having / do we usually
have) a lot of homework?
B: Its a lot, but its easy. I (am doing / do)
Get started mine right now!
6 Circle the correct phrases to complete the 8. A: Who (is making / makes) noise? I cant
conversations. study.
B: I think Sam (is playing / plays) his guitar.
5 Circle the correct answer in each
7 Circle the letter of the choice that
completes each sentence.
1. Jessie like school?
a. Do b. Is c. Does
2. I speak Italian.
a. m not b. dont c. am
3. Listen to the teacher. She talking.
a. s b. are c. do
4. We learning how to play the guitar.
a. am b. dont c. are
5. your sister like soccer?
a. Is b. Does c. Dont
6. The children playing in the yard.
a. are b. do c. be
7. What time practice start?
a. is b. does c. do
1. A: What (are you looking for / do you look for)
8. You like math class.
under the bed?
a. arent b. isnt c. dont
B: (Im looking for / I look for) my sneakers.
9. He always me with my homework.
2. A: What (are you usually doing / do you
a. helping b. helps c. help
usually do) after school?
B: Well, (Im usually hanging out / I usually 10. What you studying?
hang out) with my friends. a. are b. is c. do
3. A: Look! (Its raining. / It rains.) 11. She near her grandmother.
B: Thats strange. (It never rains / Its never a. living b. live c. lives
raining) here in August. 12. Kristen teaching us how to skate.
4. A: What (are you doing / do you do) right a. is b. does c. be
B: (Im playing / I play) video games.
5. A: (Im making / I make) my lunch every
B: Really? (Im never having / I never have)
enough time in the morning.

102 Unit 5
Move up Reach for the top
8 Complete Dereks paragraph. Use the 9 Answer the questions about Exercise 8 in
simple present or present continuous form complete sentences.
of the verbs in parentheses.
1. What is Derek doing?
Derek is lying in bed.

2. When does Derek always get sick?

3. What are his grandparents doing?

4. When do his grandparents always come on


5. What is Dereks mom doing?

This is a picture of me on vacation. I (lie)

am lying 6. What does Dereks mom love doing?
in bed because I am sick. I
always (get) sick when we
are on vacation! My grandparents (sleep) 7. What is Tom doing?
next to the pool. They always
(come) on vacation with us
8. Where are Dereks dad and sister sitting?
in the summer. Mom (read) a
magazine. She (love) reading,
and usually (buy) two or three 9. What doesnt Dereks sister like doing?
magazines every day. My brothers name is
Tom. He (climb) a tree. My
10. What are Dereks dad and sister doing?
dad and sister (sit) next to our
grandparents. They (not/like)
swimming, so they (listen) to the

Workbook 103
Vocabulary 12 Look at the pictures. What are the people
doing? Write sentences with the words
from the box.
Get started
argue daydream in class
10 Match the words from Column A with the explain something write on the board
words from Column B to make classroom
activity phrases. Write the letters.
f 1. paying a. something
2. taking b. into trouble
3. discussing c. a word
4. erasing d. notes
5. getting e. research on
6. doing the Internet
7. spelling f. attention
8. sleeping g. in class Shes writing on the board.
h. the board

Move up
11 Complete the sentences with the phrases
from Exercise 10.
1. Were discussing something , but we still
dont know the answer.
2. Mary isnt . Shes
looking out the window!
3. He is very tired. Thats why he is
4. The teacher is
because she wants to draw something on it.
5. I dont like because
my parents get angry with me.
6. We have a project to finish this summer,
so we are in the
7. Im listening to the teacher and 4.
8. Listen. Mark is .

104 Unit 5
Communication Reach for the top

14 Think of a park you like to visit. Write

Get started sentences about the things you usually see
people doing there.
13 Complete the conversation. Use the
present continuous or simple present 1. Children are playing in the park.
form of the verbs in parentheses. Use 2.
contractions when possible.

Mateo: Hi, Jessica. Its Mateo. What (you/do)

are you doing ?
Jessica: I (make)
dinner for my family.
Mateo: Dinner? Its only five oclock.
(you/usually cook)
this early?
Jessica: No, not usually. Mom (usually/cook),
but she
well right now.

Mateo: Im sorry to hear that. Listen, I (plan)

to go to
the movies tonight. (you/want)
to come?
Jessica: No, thanks. I (never/go)

out on Thursdays.
Mateo: Well, maybe tomorrow?
Jessica: Sure. Sorry, I have to go now. Mom
(call) me.
Mateo: OK. See you tomorrow.
Jessica: Bye!
Workbook 105
Get started
1 Write the words from the box under the correct clothing items.

boots coat dress jacket pants

shoes skirt sneakers socks T-shirt

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

2 Look at the pictures. Circle the correct word

to complete each sentence.
1. Scott is wearing (boots / shoes).
2. Melissa is wearing a (skirt / dress).
3. Bruce is wearing (sneakers / boots).
4. Terry is wearing (pants / tights).

Scott Melissa Bruce Terry

106 Unit 6
Move up 5. You are (too / enough) young to see this
3 Unscramble the words to write the names 6. I dont like this dress. It isnt stylish
of the accessories. Then match each word
(too / enough).
to the correct picture. Write the letter of
the picture next to the word. 7. Ouch! These pants are (too / enough) tight!
8. Lets not go to the beach today. Its
(too / enough) cold.
e f 9. Im sorry. Your project isnt good
(too / enough).
10. Who put sugar in my coffee? Its
g (too / enough) sweet!

b Move up
5 Look at the pictures. Then write sentences
d with too or enough.
1. 2.

Her hat / big He / hot

1. telb belt c
Her hat isnt big Hes too hot.
2. canlkece enough.
3. greasirn
3. 4.
4. grin
5. clartebe
6. chawt
7. gab His room / quiet That sweater /

Too + adjective / Not +
5. 6.
adjective + enough

Get started
4 Complete the sentences. Circle too or enough. Her jeans / long The soup / hot
1. These jeans are (too / enough) short for me.
2. My shoes arent big (too / enough).
3. You are walking (too / enough) quickly. Please
slow down.
4. I cant reach the bell because Im not tall
(too / enough).

Workbook 107
1. have / coffee
Grammar Hes having coffee on Wednesday morning.
The present continuous for 2. play / tennis
future arrangements
Statements and questions
3. shop

Get started
4. play / video games
6 Write present after the sentences about the
present and future after those about the
future. 5. make / a cake
1. Im doing my homework now. present
2. Were going to a party tonight. future 6. have / a party
3. The children arent sleeping right now.
7. e-mail / Sally
4. The sun is shining!
5. Sharon isnt coming over tomorrow 8. go / to the gym
6. Are you going to Tims party on Friday? 9. paint / his room

7. Listen! The baby is crying. 10. go / swimming

8. What time are you leaving Thursday night?

9. Im not doing anything next weekend. Reach for the top

8 Write sentences about what Mark isnt
10. Mom isnt feeling very well. doing next week. Use your own words.
1. He isnt playing tennis on Tuesday morning.
Move up 2.
7 Look at Marks schedule. Write sentences
about Marks plans using the present 4.
continuous. 5.

Mon Tues Wed Thurs Fri 6.

AM: tennis AM: AM: coffee AM: gym AM:

e-mail shopping
PM: video painting
PM: PM: cake PM: party
swimming games

108 Unit 6
9 Write questions using the cues. Then complete the answers. Use correct end punctuation.
1. you / go out tonight 6. we / invite Gary to our party?
Are you going out tonight?
Yes, I am. No,
2. Mary / go to the movies? 7. they / leave tomorrow?

No, No,
3. the teenagers / travel with you? 8. you / take a test on Friday?

Yes, Yes,
4. you / go home early this afternoon? 9. I / babysit next weekend?

No, Yes,
5. your mom / help you tonight? 10. they / practice on Wednesday?

Yes, No,

Be going to + verb for future plans, intentions, and predictions

Get started
10 Complete Melanies e-mail. Write the correct form of be going to and the verb in parentheses.

Hi, Maria,
Guess what! My mom and I (go) are going to go to Hong Kong on vacation
tomorrow! Im really excited. My dad (drive) us to the airport in
the morning, and we (leave) at 10:30 A.M. for Hawaii. We
(spend) the night there, and we (fly)
(4) (5)
again the next morning. We (arrive) in Hong Kong at 4 P.M.
on Saturday. Anyway, thats why I (not /go) to your party next
Saturday. Sorry about that! I hope you have a good time. See you in two weeks!
Your friend,

Workbook 109
Move up
11 Look at the pictures. Answer the questions and write what the people are doing.

1. Are Jack and Kenji going to play tennis? 2. Is Ramona going to listen to the radio?
No, they arent. Theyre going to play soccer.

3. Is Ruben going to buy some sandwiches? 4. Is Dave going to walk to school?

5. Is Rosa going to wear jeans and a sweatshirt 6. Are Mr. and Mrs. Jones going to travel by
tonight? plane?

12 Imagine that you won the trip in the A: Im really excited. Im going to Disney World!
advertisement below. Complete the B: You are? When are you going to leave?
conversation. Write sentences with be
going to. Use contractions. A: Im going to leave on June 3.
B: That is awesome! How many days are you
Win a five-day trip to Disney World in going to be there?
Orlando, Florida! June 37
Stay at the Disney Boardwalk Resort. (2)
B: Five days! Where are you going to stay?
Visit three exciting theme parks: Magic
Kingdom, Epcot, and Disneys Animal A:
Kingdom! B: What theme parks are you going to visit?
See Green Day in concert. A:
A: Cool! What else are you going to do?

110 Unit 6
Reach for the top Communication
13 Read Kenjis schedule. Then read the
answers. Write questions with What, Who, Get started
When, Where, or How and be going to.
Use contractions when possible. 14 Look at the pictures. Then complete the
conversations using the words in the box.
Morning Go to the gym at 9:30 A.M. too big too loose too short
Afternoon Meet Clara at Tonys Caf! too small too tight you look great
Evening Finish school project.
1. A: What do you think of
this jacket?
Morning Call Daniel and invite him to the party.
B: Hmm. I think its too small.
Afternoon Take bus at 2:30 P.M. to the dentist.
Evening Have dinner with Clara at Marios Pizza.
2. A: What do you think of
1. Whats he going to do on Monday morning? these pants?

Go to the gym. B: I think .

3. A: Do you like this T-shirt?
At 9:30 A.M.
3. B: No, I think .
4. 4. A: Do you like this dress?
Finish his school project.
5. B: No, I think .
Call Daniel and invite him to the party.
5. A: What do you think of
this jacket?
At 2:30 P.M. on Tuesday.
B: I think the sleeves .
6. A: Now .
By bus.
B: Thanks!
Have dinner with Clara.
Reach for the top
At Marios Pizza. 15 You and a friend are going to a party. Write
a conversation between you and your
friend about what you are going to wear to
the party. Use Exercise 14 as a model.
A: What are you going to wear to the party?
B: What do you think of this . . .
A: Its too . . .

Workbook 111
Skills Development 2


The Hottest New Talent in Fashion

Romero Bryan is one of the hottest talents in fashion. He is designing clothes for some
of the top names in music. He started designing clothes when he was thirteen. He made his
first outfits for family and friends. They were popular because they were different.
Romero got his big break when he designed a dress for Irish singer Samantha Mumba to
5 wear at the 2001 Brit Awards, the annual awards ceremony for British pop music. He was a
high school student when Mumba appeared on the front pages of the newspapers wearing
one of his outfits. Romero also designs clothes for Beyonc and Usher.
Many companies want to sell Romeros clothes, but he is not going to rush into
anything. He is in a five-year program at the London College of Fashion. People in the
10 fashion industry predict that Romero is going to be worth more than $56 million by 2020.
So why is Romero going to college? Everyone should have an education, he says.
Natural talent is not enough. This course will teach me more about the technical part
of designing clothes, and a degree will show that Im qualified to do what Im doing.
Romero says that he doesnt care about being a celebrity after college. He cares about being
15 a clothing designer.

112 Skills Development 2

Vocabulary 3 Write the questions for the answers.
1. When did Romero start designing clothes?
1 Match the words with the definitions. When he was thirteen.
Write the letters. 2.
g 1. top names a. a university Because they were different.
(line 2) qualification 3.
2. big break b. businesses When he designed a dress for Irish singer
(line 4) Samantha Mumba to wear at the 2001 Brit
c. a famous person
3. outfits d. sets of clothes worn
(line 7) 4.
One of Romeros outfits.
4. companies e. first opportunity to
(line 8) 5.
be successful
Because he wants to learn about the
5. rush (line 8) f. do something very technical part of designing clothes.
6. predict quickly
(line 10) g. the most famous No, he doesnt. He wants to be a clothing
7. degree people designer.
(line 13) h. say something will
happen before it
8. celebrity
(line 14) happens
4 Imagine that you are looking for a job.
Comprehension Write a letter to an employer to ask about
the possibility about working at his or her
company. Include the following:
2 Answer the questions.
Where you are studying
1. Is Romero a fashion model?
What you are studying
No, hes a clothing designer.
What youre good at doing
2. For whom does he design clothes? Why you want to work at the company

3. When did people first hear about Romero? Dear Sir or Madam:
I am writing to ask about the possibility of
4. How long is his college program? working at . . .

5. What does he want to do after college?

Workbook 113
Grammar Highlights
Review of the simple present: be
Affirmative statements Negative statements
I am I am not
Remember! Use the contraction
You are You are not Im not, not I amnt, with the subject
friendly. friendly. pronoun I.
He/She/It is He/She/It is not
We/They are We/They are not

Yes/No questions Affirmative answers/Negative answers

Am I Yes, you are. / No, youre not.
Are you Yes, I am. / No, Im not.
Remember! The contractions
of pronouns and be are: Im, youre,
Is he/she/it tall? Yes, he is. / No, hes not. (No, he isnt.) hes, shes, its, were, and theyre.
Yes, it is. / No, its not. (No, it isnt.)
Are we/they Yes, we are. / No, were not. (No, we arent.)
Yes, they are. / No, theyre not. (No, they arent.)

Information questions Short answers Long answers

Where is she? At the library. Shes at the library.
When is the party? Saturday night. Its on Saturday night.

Review of the simple present: other verbs

Affirmative statements Negative statements Remember!
Always use end punctuation with sentences:
She plays golf. She doesnt play guitar. Use a period at the end of a statement.
I have a sister. You dont have a dog. Use a question mark at the end of a question.

Yes/No questions Affirmative answers Negative answers

Does he work on weekends? Yes, he does. No, he doesnt.
Do you like music? Yes, I do. No, I dont.

Information questions Short answers Long answers

What do you want? A sandwich. I want a sandwich.
Where does he live? London. He lives in London.

Possessive pronouns
Possessive adjectives Possessive pronouns
my My hat is on the table. mine That hat is mine.
your Your CD is on the table. yours That CD is yours.
his His jacket is on the table. his That jacket is his.
her Her hat is on the table. hers That hat is hers.
our Our keys are on the table. ours Those keys are ours.
their Their books are on the table. theirs Those books are theirs.

114 Unit 1
Grammar Practice
Review of the simple present: be

1 Complete Sofias e-mail with the correct forms

of the verb be. Use contractions when possible.

Hi, Emily,

My name is Sofia. I fifteen

(1) (2)
years old. I in the ninth grade
at Wheeler High School in Queens,
New York. I
friendly and very 2 Complete the sentences with the correct
forms of the verb be. Use contractions
competitive. I have long, brown hair when possible.
and blue eyes. I wear glasses. There are
five people in my family: my father, my 1. I (negative form) m not fifteen years old.
mother, my brother, my sister, and I. I twelve years old.
My fathers name Juan. He a 2. They (negative form) in my high
(5) (6)
salesman for a computer company. My school. They in your high school.

mothers name Rosa. She a 3. You (negative form) from Mexico.

(7) (8)
You from Brazil.
teacher. My sisters name Linda;
(9) 4. He (negative form) outgoing. He
she sixteen years old. My brother, shy.
Juan, nineteen years old. He 5. Her hair (negative form) brown.
(11) (12)
in college. My sister and brother Her hair blonde.
6. We (negative form) always serious.
(13) Sometimes we funny.
My best friend at school
(14) 7. I in high school. I (negative form)
Barbara. We love basketball. We in college.
on the girls basketball team. We 8. She on the soccer team. She
(not) the best players, but we have a (negative form) on the volleyball
lot of fun playing. You my new
e-mail friend, so please write me soon.
Tell me about yourself and your family.

Grammar Builder 115

Review of the simple present: be Review of the simple present: be
Yes/No questions Information questions

3 Read Sofias e-mail on page 115 again. Then 4 Write questions for the underlined words.
write questions and answers using the Use Who, How old, and Where.
cues. If the answer is No, write the correct
1. Who is he?
Hes my cousin.
1. Sofia / sixteen years old / ?
Is Sofia sixteen years old?
The game is in Los Angeles.
No, shes not. Shes fifteen years old.
2. Sofia / unfriendly / ? My aunt is a doctor.
My brothers are nine years old.

3. her fathers name / Mike / ? 5.

Your skateboard is in the garage.
They are eleven years old.
4. her mothers name / Rosa / ?

Review of the simple present:

other verbs
5. her father / a teacher / ? Statements and Yes/No questions

5 Complete the conversation with the correct

forms of the verbs.
6. Sofia and Barbara / on a soccer team / ? Philip: Hi Ben, what are you up to these days?
Ben: Im really busy with the band. We
(have) have a show next week.
7. Sofia and Barbara / best friends / ?
Philip: Cool! That (sound) like fun.
Ben: you (want) a
(3) (4)

8. Sofia / in eighth grade / ? ticket? I (have) some here.

Philip: Yes, please! I (love) your
music. My girlfriend (love) it,
9. Sofias mother / a nurse / ?
too. Can I have two tickets?
Ben: Sure. What about your sister?
she (enjoy) going to shows?
10. Sofias school / in Manhattan / ? (9)
Philip: Yes, she . But Im sorry to say
she (not/like) your band!
Ben: No problem.

116 Unit 1
The simple present: other verbs Possessive pronouns
Information questions
7 Complete the sentences with the correct
6 Read the answers. Then write questions possessive pronouns.
about the underlined words. Use Who, 1. This is my new CD.
What, When, and Where. mine
This new CD is .
2. That is his soccer ball.
That soccer ball is .
3. That is your video game.
That video game is .
4. Those are our backpacks.
Those backpacks are .
5. Those are her comic books.
Those comic books are .
6. Those are their cell phones.
Those cell phones are .
7. This is my magazine.
1. Where do your mom and dad live? This magazine is .
My mom and dad live in Caracas,
Venezuela. 8 Circle the correct words to complete the
1. A: This cell phone is cool. Is it (your / yours)
I go to bed at 10:30 P.M.
or Claras?
B: Its (my / mine). (Her / Hers) is in her
My brother works in a restaurant. backpack.
4. 2. A: Is this (our / ours) CD player, or is it
My brother likes rap music. (their / theirs)?
5. B: Its (our / ours).
Summer vacation starts in June. 3. A: Can I use this cassette player?
6. B: Ask Elena and Pablo. Its (their / theirs)
Sam plays football. cassette player.
Mark plays the guitar.
My dad helps me with my homework.
My aunt loves chocolate cake.

Grammar Builder 117

Grammar Highlights
Count and noncount nouns
Count nouns can be counted.

Singular Plural
Remember! Use an before a singular
count noun that begins with a vowel. Use
an onion onions a before a singular count noun that begins
with a consonant.
a banana bananas

Remember! Add -s or -es to

count nouns to make them plural.

Noncount nouns cannot be counted.

butter Remember! A noncount
noun does not have a plural form.
Remember! Use a singular
verb with noncount nouns.

Imperatives (Commands)
Turn right. (Give directions.) Remember! Use the base
Open your mouth. (Give instructions.) form of the verb in imperatives.
Stop talking. (Give orders.)
Please be good. (Make polite requests.)

Negative Remember! Use Dont before the

base form in negative imperatives.
Dont cry.

118 Unit 2
Grammar Practice
Count and noncount nouns 3 Read the sentences and circle the food
nouns. Then write SC next to the singular
count nouns, PC next to the plural count
1 Write C next to the count nouns and NC nouns, and NC next to the noncount nouns.
next to the noncount nouns.

1. ice cream NC
2. chocolate chips C
3. nuts
4. juice
5. orange
6. potato
7. tomato sauce
8. food
9. egg
10. sugar
11. salt
12. pasta
13. pie 1. We love cookies. PC
14. flour 2. She loves soup.
15. honey 3. Give me an egg, please.
4. Where did you put the rice?
2 Write the singular or plural form of the
nouns. Then add a or an to each singular 5. Theres some milk over there.
count noun. 6. Do we have any chips?
Singular Plural 7. I need some water.
1. an orange oranges 8. Can I have the butter?
2. vegetables 9. Id like some ice cream.
3. pie 10. Cut the onion, please.
4. sandwich
5. pork chops
6. nuts
7. apple
8. chips
9. pancake
10. bananas

Grammar Builder 119

4 Complete the second sentence with is 5 Circle the correct verbs.
or are.
1. Cereal (is /are) good for breakfast.
2. Vegetables (need / needs) a lot of sun
to grow.
3. Chips (isnt / arent) good for you.
4. Those apples (isnt / arent) very red.
5. Bananas (has / have) a lot of vitamins.
6. Pasta (doesnt grow / dont grow) on trees.
7. Fish (taste / tastes) like chicken to me.
8. (Do / Does) milk come from pigs?
9. The butter (is / are) in the refrigerator.
10. (Do / Does) nuts have a lot of vitamins?

6 Choose one word from each column to

make sentences. Write the sentences on
the lines.

Subject Verb Complement

Maple syrup needed to make omelets.
Eggs is popular at birthday parties.
Vegetables used on pancakes.
1. An orange is good. Two oranges are Ice cream a red or green skin.
better. Cakes a lot of fat.
Apples have a lot of vitamins.
2. Milk is good for you. Eggs good
for you, too. Bacon made from milk and sugar.

3. Honey comes from bees. Milk 1. Maple syrup is used on pancakes.

from cows. 2.
4. Pork chops are delicious. Fried chicken 3.
delicious, too. 4.
5. Bananas are Joes favorite snack. Cake 5.
Nates favorite snack. 6.
6. Eggs are great for breakfast. Pancakes 7.
great, too.
7. Coffee is good with milk. Tea
good with milk, too.
8. Bread with butter is good. Bread with jelly

120 Unit 2
Imperatives (Commands) 8 Complete the sentences with the verbs in
the box.

7 Write the correct imperatives next to the Be Dont eat Dont go Eat
Get Get up Go
Dont eat in the classroom.
Dont park in front of the school.
Dont smoke in here.
Dont talk in the library.
Insert a coin in the machine.
Turn left only.

1. Turn left only.

Do you want to be a good athlete? Here is
some advice.
1. Eat good food.
2. fast food. Its not good
for you.
3. lots of exercise.
4. to practice every day.
5. to bed late.
6. early.
7. positive!

9 Match the two parts of the sentences.

6. e 1. Dont open a. me because I
2. Dont listen dont know the
3. Dont drink
b. my sandwich!
4. Dont ask
c. at her new hair
5. Dont write
6. Dont eat
d. to that terrible
7. Dont laugh music.
e. the window.
f. coffee before you
go to bed.
g. your name in the
library books.

Grammar Builder 121

Grammar Highlights
There is/There are with some and any
Affirmative statements Negative statements
There is a doughnut There isnt a doughnut
Theres some milk on the table. There isnt any milk on the table.
There are some doughnuts There arent any doughnuts

Short answers
Yes/No questions Affirmative Negative
Is there a doughnut Yes, there is. No, there isnt.
Is there any milk on the table? Yes, there is. No, there isnt.
Are there any doughnuts Yes, there are. No, there arent.

Remember! Remember!
For noncount nouns, use: For plural count nouns, use:
There is + some + noun There are + some + noun
There isnt + any + noun There arent + any + noun
Is there + any + noun? Are there + any + noun?

Questions with How much and How many

Questions Answers
Use how many with count nouns.
How many eggs do you eat in a week? Five. OR I eat five eggs in a week.

Use how much with noncount nouns.

How much butter do I need for this recipe? One cup. OR You need one cup of butter for that recipe.

Remember! Use How much + be

to ask about the price of something. How
much is an egg sandwich?

Expressions of quantity
Count nouns Noncount nouns
a few melons a little juice
a lot of apples a lot of milk

Remember! Use a few with count nouns Remember! Use some to make an
and a little with noncount nouns. Use a lot of and offer. Would you like some coffee?
some with both count and noncount nouns.

122 Unit 3
Grammar Practice
9. any nuts in these cookies?
There is/There are with some
and any: Statements 10. an orange in this bag?

1 Write sentences using the cues and some 3 Complete the questions with Is there or
and any where appropriate. Are there. Then look at the picture and
write the answers.
1. tomato () onion ()
Theres a tomato, but there isnt an onion.

2. eggs () apples ()

3. milk () juice ()

4. bananas () melons ()

5. butter () doughnuts ()
1. Are there any eggs?
Yes, there are.
2. any milk?
6. orange () soda ()

3. any muffins?

4. any bananas?
There is/There are with some
and any: Questions
5. any mushrooms?

2 Complete the questions with Is there or

Are there. 6. a tomato?
1. Is there an egg in the basket?
2. any salt for my beef? 7. any juice?
3. any chocolate chips on
this pizza? 8. an orange?
4. a banana for Felix?
5. any toys for the kids?
9. any beef?
6. any water in this cup?
7. any potatoes in the box?
8. any salt in this omelet?
Grammar Builder 123
4 Look at the pictures. Then write Yes/No questions and short answers using the cues.

1. tomatoes 8. bananas
Are there any tomatoes?
Yes, there are.
2. cake 9. melons
Is there a cake?
No, there isnt.
3. potatoes 10. beef

4. apples 11. oranges

5. sugar 12. milk

6. orange juice 13. carrots

7. cucumbers 14. doughnuts

124 Unit 3
6. A:
Questions with How much
and How many B: I spend a lot of money on video games
every month.
5 Unscramble the words to make questions.
1. Maria / How many / guitars / does/ have / ? Expressions of quantity:
How many guitars does Maria have? a few, a little, a lot of
2. How much / Raul / want / does / yogurt / ? 7 Circle the correct expression of quantity in
each sentence.
3. need / you / How much / rice / do / ? 1. Emilio watches (a little / a few) news
programs every day.

4. are / buying / How many / you / 2. Louisa does (a little / a few) work in the
magazines / ? morning.
3. Does Elizabeth have (a lot of / a few)
5. want / for / How many / breakfast / eggs /
you / do / ? 4. Does Brent buy (a lot of / a little) books?
5. Rita likes to play (a little / a few) games with
her grandchildren.
6 Read the answers. Then write questions 6. This recipe uses only (a few / a little) butter.
with How much or How many. 7. Alana watches (a little / a few) TV shows with
her mother.

8 Complete the sentences with a few, a little,

or a lot of.
1. Lets hurry. We dont have a lot of time.
2. There are only tickets left.
3. I cant hang out tonight. I have
4. My pronunciation is good, but I still have
trouble with it.
1. A: How many new friends does Elena have?
5. We dont know where to begin. There are
B: Elena has three new friends.
stores in this mall.
2. A:
6. I have only money left.
B: Mateo eats a lot of bread each day.
7. She did well on the test, but she got
3. A:
questions wrong.
B: There are thirty students in my English
8. We need to go to the store. There are only
class this year.
apples left.
4. A:
B: I drink two glasses of juice a day.
5. A:
B: We need half a gallon of ice cream.

Grammar Builder 125

Grammar Highlights
Adverbs and expressions of frequency and How often
Adverbs of frequency
I always have coffee in the morning. Remember! Adverbs usually occur at the
beginning of the sentence or before the verb.
He usually gets to bed before midnight. Expressions of frequency usually occur at the end of
We often play sports after school. the sentence.
Sometimes she plays soccer.
I never work on Sundays.

Expressions of frequency
all the time twice a day/week/month/year Remember! We can use expressions
of frequency as short answers.
every day/week/month/year three times a day/week/month/year
once a day/week/month/year

How often Short answers Long answers

How often do you wash your hair? Every day. I wash my hair every day.
How often does she go biking? Once a week. She goes biking once a week.
How often do they eat out? Three times a week. They eat out three times a week.
Never. They never eat out.

Gerunds after verbs like, love, hate, (dont) mind, prefer

I like playing soccer.
You love swimming.
Domingo hates skateboarding.
They dont mind biking.
She hates writing letters.
She prefers getting e-mails from friends.

Yes/No questions Short answers

Do you mind going to school? Yes, I do. / No, I dont.

Information questions
What sport do you like playing? I like playing basketball.
Remember! Some verbs have
spelling changes.
Why do you hate figure skating? Because its boring. write + ing = writing
take + ing = taking
sit + t + ing = sitting
Remember! To form the gerund, get + t + ing = getting
add -ing to the base form of the verb.
read + ing = reading

126 Unit 4
Grammar Practice
Adverbs and expressions of 2 Write sentences about yourself using
the cues and adverbs or expressions of
frequency and How often frequency.
1. go to work
1 Write questions with How often and
the cues. I go to work twice a week after school.
2. go shopping

3. drink orange juice

4. call my friends

5. watch soccer on TV

6. play video games

1. they / visit their relatives in Barcelona/? 7. read the newspaper

How often do they visit their relatives in
Barcelona? 8. go to the beach
2. I / need to see the dentist / ?
9. go wall climbing at the gym

3. Jordan / have English classes / ?

3 Write five questions with how often. Ask a
friend or family member each question and
write their names and answers.
4. we / play table tennis / ? 1. How often do you go swimming?
My grandmother: She never goes swimming.

5. you / practice gymnastics after school / ? :
6. Ashley / visit her grandmother in 4.
New York City / ?

Grammar Builder 127

Gerunds after verbs like, love, 5 Complete the sentences with the gerund
form of the verbs in the box.
hate, (dont) mind, prefer
cook do exercise get up have play
4 Complete the sentences with the gerund run sleep stay swim travel watch
form of the verbs in parentheses.

1. Ben really likes cooking breakfast for

1. Teresa loves (ski) skiing in the himself every morning.
mountains. 2. Rosa doesnt like eggs for
2. My sister and I like (babysit) on breakfast. Shed rather have cereal.
weekends. 3. Shana and I dont like sports
3. Do you like (swim) in the pool on TV.
every morning? 4. My mother and father love to
4. Mateo and Amber love (ride) Mexico.
their new bikes. 5. I hate homework after dinner.
5. Cody likes (skateboard) every day. 6. My friends and I love in the
6. Nori loves (dance) at the new snow.
nightclub. 7. My brother likes on the track.
7. Rosa and Mario prefer (Rollerblade) 8. I prefer at the gym.
after school. 9. My mom loves early.
8. Frank and I dont like (climb) the 10. My dad likes late on weekends.
wall at the amusement park.
11. My sister hates at the beach.
9. Hiroshi doesnt mind (practice)
gymnastics with his teammates. 12. I dont mind home on rainy
10. I hate (play) volleyball. I never hit
the ball over the net!
11. Does Maria mind (clean) her
12. Do you like (sleep) late on the

128 Unit 4
6 Complete the sentences with gerunds. Think 8 Write sentences about what you like and
of a different gerund for each sentence. dont like to do. Use the verb in parentheses
and a gerund in each sentence.
1. I love shopping for new clothes.
2. Do Madison and Amanda mind
3. You like the piano.
4. Sofia loves in the chorus at
5. Does Max like to the movies on
Friday nights?
6. He loves dinner for his family!
Hes a great cook.
7. Do you like pair work in English
8. Antonio doesnt mind the dishes.
1. (hate) I hate getting up early.
9. I love books about history.
2. (love)
10. Kyle and I love basketball games
on TV. 3. (like)
4. (dont like)
7 Write your own answers to the questions. 5. (hate)
Use a gerund in each answer.
1. What does your brother like doing after
My brother likes playing baseball after
2. What do you and your friends hate doing on

3. What do your classmates like doing in their

English class?

4. What does your family love doing in the


Grammar Builder 129

Grammar Highlights
The present continuous
Affirmative statements Negative statements
Im watching TV. Im not watching TV.
He/Shes watching TV. He/She isnt watching TV.
We/Theyre watching TV. We/Theyre not watching TV.

Yes/No questions Short answers

Are you watching TV? Yes, I am. / No, Im not.
Is he/she watching TV? Yes, he/she is. / No, he/shes not. / No, he/she isnt.

Information questions Long answers

What are you watching? Im/Were watching a movie.
Where is he/she going? He/She is going to the supermarket.
Why are they leaving? Theyre leaving because theyre tired.

Remember! Use the following rules to spell verbs in the

present continuous.
1. For one-syllable words with a consonant, vowel, and consonant
(CVC), double the last consonant and add -ing.
skip + p + ing = skipping
Do not double the last consonant if it is w, x, or y.
fix + ing = fixing
2. If a verb ends in a silent e, drop the e and add -ing.
take + ing = taking

The simple present contrasted with the present continuous

Simple present Present continuous
I walk two miles every day. I am walking to the store now.
She takes piano lessons twice a week. She is playing the piano now.

Information questions Answers

What do you do on Friday nights? I go to the movies.
What are you doing now? Im reading a book.
What do they do at the park? They play soccer.
What are they doing at the park now? Theyre riding their bikes.

Remember! Use the present

Remember! Use the simple present continuous to talk about things that are
to talk about daily habits or usual activities. happening now.

130 Unit 5
Grammar Practice
4. Zachary / sit on the bench / ?
The present continuous
Rico Isabel
Lauren 5. it / rain / ?


The present continuous

Information questions

3 Look at the pictures. Then read the answers

and write questions about the underlined
1 Complete the sentences with the present
words. Use Who, What, or Where and the
continuous form of the verbs.
present continuous.
1. My friends and I (enjoy) are enjoying
ourselves in the park.
2. I (sit) on the bench. Tran
Carol Tom
3. I (write) a letter to my best
4. My dog (sleep) under the Jose
5. Isabel and Rico (ride) their
bikes on the path. Patricia
6. Lauren (skate) behind them. Gabriela
The present continuous
Yes/No questions 1. What are Tran and Jose doing?
Theyre playing basketball.
2 Look at the picture in Exercise 1. Write the 2.
questions and short answers.
Carol is skating.
1. Zachary / play soccer / ?
Is Zachary playing soccer?
Hes sitting under a tree.
No, he isnt.
2. Rico and Isabel / ride their bikes / ?
Hes reading a book.
Theyre playing Frisbee.
3. Lauren / rock climb / ?
Shes jogging.
Bob is talking on the telephone.
Grammar Builder 131
4 Read the answers. Then write questions The simple present contrasted
about the underlined words. Use Who,
What, Where, or Why and the present
with the present continuous
continuous. Statements and questions
1. What is she making for lunch?
5 Complete the sentences with the simple
present or the present continuous form of
Shes making a cheese sandwich for lunch. the verbs. Use contractions when possible.
2. 1. How often do they (go) go to the

Were going to the movies tonight. 2. My mom (swim) in the pool every
3. Pablo (play) soccer right now.
4. I (study) . Please be quiet.
They are riding their bikes in the park.
5. Tina and I ( go) to camp together
4. every summer.
6. What time do you (practice) the
Im painting a picture now. piano after school?
5. 7. Excuse me. We (look for)
Room 507.
Justin and Nick are playing basketball in the 8. We cant play outside. It (rain) .
park now. 9. Josh (like) computer games.
6 Write the answers to the questions using
the cues. Use contractions when possible.
Im eating doughnuts because I love
1. What is Pablo doing? (clean / his room)
Hes cleaning his room.
2. Where is everybody? (they / at the beach)

Hes swimming in the pool at the gym.

3. Whats that noise? (Tom / play his guitar)

4. Why are you happy? (be / in Anitas class)

Im laughing because youre funny.
5. How often do you go to the beach?
( go / once a week)
Mike is singing in the concert.

132 Unit 5
7 Write the simple present or the present continuous form of the verbs.
Use contractions when possible.

August 20, 20
Dear Aunt Clara,
Hi. How are you?
Mom, Dad, Felix, my friend Rebecca, and I (enjoy) are enjoying the day
at Clearwater Beach today. During the summer, we usually
(come) to this beach on Saturdays.
Right now, Mom and Dad (sit) under an umbrella. They
(read) their magazines. They usually (read) every day, even on Saturdays
(4) (5)
and Sundays. Felix (love) the ocean, so he (ride) the waves now. I can see
(6) (7)
him from my beach chair. I (write) this letter, and my friend Rebecca (wait)
(8) (9)
for me. She wants to walk down the beach. She and I always (do) lots of fun things
together. Please write me soon.


8 Write a letter to a friend. Say what you and your family are doing now. Also say
what you usually do. Use the letter in Exercise 7 as a model.

Dear ,

Grammar Builder 133

Grammar Highlights
Too + adjective
This soup is too hot. I cant eat it.

Not + adjective + enough

This house isnt big enough. We need to move.

The present continuous for future arrangements

Affirmative statements Negative statements
Im working this weekend. Im not working this weekend.

Yes/No questions Short answers

Are you practicing tonight? Yes, I am. / No, Im not.

Information questions Answers

What time are you going? Im going at eight oclock this evening.

Be going to + verb for future plans, intentions, and predictions

Im going to play tennis this weekend.
Hes not going to be happy about this.
Youre going to love my new sneakers.
Were going to have a party next month.

Yes/No questions Answers

Are you going to visit me in the hospital? Yes, I am. / No, Im not.
Is she going to go to college? Yes, she is. / No, she isnt.

Information questions Answers

Whos going to make dinner? I am.
What are you going to do tomorrow? Im going to go shopping.
When are they going to come over? At seven tonight.

Remember! Use be going to + verb

to talk about future plans, intentions, and Remember! Be going to is followed
predictions. by the base form of a verb.

134 Unit 6
Grammar Practice
Too + adjective / 2 Rewrite the sentences using too or enough
and the adjective in parentheses.
Not + adjective + enough
1. Its too cold to go out. (warm)
1 Complete the sentences. Use too or enough Its not warm enough to go out.
and the words in the box. 2. Im not tall enough. (short)
busy cold comfortable dark Im too short.
expensive far heavy old 3. The music isnt loud enough. (quiet)
quiet sweet tall tired

1. I cant hear the TV. Its too quiet . 4. Your sweater isnt long enough. (short)
2. No, you may not see that horror movie.
Youre not . 5. Those jeans are too casual. (dressy)
3. Dont buy those earrings. Theyre
. 6. The streets arent safe enough. (dangerous)
4. Im not going to go to the gym today. Im
. 7. This restaurant is too expensive. (cheap)
5. Please put more sugar in my tea. Its not
. 8. This shoe is too small. (big)
6. He cant lift the box because its
7. This bed isnt . I cant sleep
in it.
8. Lets take the bus home. Its
to walk.
9. I cant reach the book on the top shelf. Im
not .
10. She cant hang out tonight. She has a lot of
homework, so shes .
11. I need a blanket. This room is
12. He cant sleep because the sun is out. His
room isnt .

Grammar Builder 135

The present continuous for Be going to + verb for future
future arrangements plans, intentions, and predictions
3 Write questions about the future using the
cues and the present continuous. 5 Write sentences with be going to and the
1. what time / you / get up / tomorrow / ? cues. Use contractions.
What time are you getting up tomorrow?
2. you / go out / tonight / ?

3. your sister / work / this weekend / ?

4. what / you / do / tomorrow night / ?

5. when / you / go on vacation / ?

6. what / you / eating / for dinner / tomorrow / ?

7. what time / you / go to bed / tonight / ?

1. They / (not) take their coats

4 Answer the questions in Exercise 3. Theyre not going to take their coats.
1. Im getting up at 7:00 tomorrow.
2. Ray / send / me a postcard from Barcelona

3. Emilio and I / leave / for Mexico on
September 3
4. I / shop / in the mall this afternoon
5. Ana / (not) see Shakira in concert this
5. weekend

6. 6. It / (not) rain / today

7. 7. We / buy / new jeans next week

8. She / wear / her new dress to the party

136 Unit 6
Be going to + verb for future Be going to + verb for future
plans, intentions, and predictions plans, intentions, and predictions
Yes/No questions Information questions

6 Complete the conversations. Write 7 Read the answers. Then write questions
questions with be going to and the verbs in about the underlined words using Who,
parentheses. Then complete the answers. What, When, Where, Why, or How and be
going to.
1. A: Are you (study) going to study
after school today?
B: Yes, .
2. A: Van and Kevin (be)
at the game tonight?
B: Yes, .
3. A: Yoko (swim)
at the pool party today?
B: No, .
4. A: Carlos (buy) a
present for his sister tomorrow?
B: Yes, .
5. A: we ( go) to the 1. When are they going to go to the beach?
movies on Sunday?
Theyre going to go to the beach this afternoon.
B: No, .
6. A: I (sing) in the
concert on Friday night? Catherine is going to go to the mall.

B: No, . 3.

7. A: you (exercise) Im going to go downtown this evening.

at the gym tomorrow? 4.

B: Yes, . Ana and I are going to play soccer on Sunday.

8. A: they (play) in 5.

the game on Saturday? Marcia is going to go to the concert by car.

B: Yes, . 6.

9. A: your mom (cook) Were going to leave for school at 7:45

for the party?
7. _____________________________________
B: No, .
Hes going to study in the library because
10. A: Jo (wait) its quiet there.
for us?
B: No, .

Grammar Builder 137

Peer editing checklist
Is the first letter of each sentence capitalized? Are proper nouns capitalized?

she is a student. She is a student.

Our directors name is paul. Our directors name is Paul.
He lives in new york. He lives in New York.
Is there a period (.) or exclamation mark (!) at the end of each sentence?

I like Michele Wie I like Michele Wie.

Shes awesome Shes awesome!
Is there a question mark (?) at the end of each question?

What is your name Whats your name?

Is the vocabulary correct?

Nicole Kidman is very high. Nicole Kidman is very tall.

Is the spelling correct?

Thats a beautiful necklece. Thats a beautiful necklace.

Do sentences and questions have the correct word order?

You are a student? Are you a student?

Are the verbs and their tenses correct?

I be fine. I am fine.

He like rock climbing. He likes rock climbing.

Did you went out yesterday? Did you go out yesterday?
Are sequence words such as first, next, or after that used if needed?

Toast the bread. Spread the butter. First, toast the bread. Next, spread the butter.
Are the paragraphs clear and easy-to-understand?

I like school. I meet my friends there. I like school because I meet my friends
I dont sometimes like school. I get up there. We have a lot of fun. But sometimes,
early. We have a lot of fun. I dont like school because I have to get up

138 Peer editing checklist

Illustration credits
John Amoss; Dave Carleson; Mark Collins; Dave Coulson;
Renee Daily; Francois Escalmel; John Faulkner; Adam
Gordon; Peter Gunther; Tim Haggerty; George Hamblin;
Michael Hortens; Brian Hughes; Laura Hartman Maestro;
Dan Martinetti; Alan Neider; Dusan Petricic; Barbara
Pollak; Fred Pusterla; Chris Reed; Bart Rivers; Robert
Roper; Lauren Scheuer; Andrew Shiff; Jim Starr; Dan
Tesser; George Thompson; Anna Veltfort; Deborah White;
Ron Zalme.

Text credits
p. 2 Source for Harry Potters family tree: wikipedia.org;
p. 20 Becoming a Fat Nation, adapted from USA TODAY,
February 19, 2002; p. 40 Source of chart: U.S. Bureau of
the Census.

Photo credits
All original photography by Stephen Ogilvey; Borders
(globe) Larry Williams/Corbis, (clouds) Royalty-Free/
Corbis; Page 2 (friends) Darrin Henry/Fotolia, (classmates)
Sergey Novikov/Shutterstock; p. 9 CandyBox Images/
Shutterstock; p. 11 (top) Andrew Redington/Getty Images,
(bottom) Fabrice Coffrini/Getty Images; p. 14 (breakfast)
Danny Hooks/Fotolia, (rice) oriori/Fotolia, (ice cream)
picsfive/Fotolia, (cake) Corinna Gissemann/Fotolia, (fruit)
Denis Vrublevski/Shutterstock; p. 20 (top) BananaStock/
age fotostock, (bottom) Mark Richards/PhotoEdit; p. 26
Peter Lake/Pearson; p. 30 Bavaria/Getty Images; p. 32
(top left) Richard McDowell/Alamy, (middle left) Dorling
Kindersley, (bottom left) Mary Lane/Fotolia, (middle
right) Dorling Kindersley; p. 33 (top) Dorling Kindersley,
(bottom) Dorling Kindersley; p. 36 (biking) mylife photos/
age fotostock, (hockey) Dennis MacDonald/age fotostock,
(skateboarding) Hemera/age fotostock, (swimming)
John Cumming/age fotostock, (table tennis) Image DJ/
age fotostock, (bowling) Jose Maria Riola/age fotostock,
(camping) image100/age fotostock, (running) SuperStock/
age fotostock, (rock climbing) Cate Frost/Shutterstock,
(wall climbing) S. Palazov/Shutterstock; p. 51 (top)
Royalty-Free/Corbis, (middle right) Royalty-Free/Corbis,
(lamp) Steve Horrell/Photo Researchers, Inc., (bottom
left) Royalty-Free/Corbis, (bottom right) Baloncici/
Shutterstock; p. 52 (left) Kaz Chiba/Getty Images, (right)
Thomas Northcut/Getty Images; p. 53 Presselect/Alamy;
p. 57 (1) Dee Cercone/Newscom, (2) infusny-05/42/Dara
Kushner/INFphoto.com/Newscom, (3) Janet Mayer/
Splash News/Newscom, (4) Everett Collection/Newscom;
p. 58 (left) Bobby Deal/RealDealPhoto/Shutterstock,
(right) Jupiterimages Corporation; p. 60 (a) Royalty-Free/
Corbis, (b) Christophe Loviny/Corbis; p. 61 (c) Tom &
Dee Ann McCarthy/Corbis, (d) Christine Osborne/
Corbis; (e) PRISMA ARCHIVO/Alamy, (f) Anders Ryman/
Alamy; p. 62 (Mars) Everett Collection Inc/Alamy, (Swift)
ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy, (Perry) MARKA/Alamy,
(man singer) Hitdelight/Shutterstock, (girl singer) NAS
CRETIVES/Shutterstock, (man guitar) Wallenrock/
Shutterstock, (band illo) Vectomart/Shutterstock; p. 63
MANDY GODBEHEAR/Shutterstock; p. 64 (top) Nicki
Pardo/Getty Images, (middle) Robert Adrian Hillman/
Alamy, (bottom) Arabian Eye/Getty Images; p. 65 (top)
Kaz Chiba/Getty Images, (bottom) Royalty-Free/Corbis;
p. 66 Kenneth Garrett/Getty Images; p. 67 (top) Anne-
Marie Weber/Getty Images, (bottom) Reuters/Corbis;
p. 76 Peter Lake/Pearson; p. 77 Myrleen Ferguson Cate/
PhotoEdit; p. 80 (1) Lori Sparkia/Shutterstock, (2) Mike
Tolstoy/photobank.kiev.ua/Shutterstock, (3) Peter S./
Shutterstock, (4) Neamov/Shutterstock, (5) Jefferey
Collingwood/Shutterstock, (6) Kenneth William Caleno/
Shutterstock, (7) monticellllo/Fotolia, (8) Olga Lyubkina/
Shutterstock, (9) antpkr/Fotolia, (10) Marc Dietrich/
Shutterstock; p. 81 (1) JustASC/Shutterstock, (2) Andi
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Lerich/Shutterstock, (5) M.studio/Fotolia, (6) Dan Peretz/
Shutterstock, (7) Boleslaw Kubica/Shutterstock, (8) Scott
Rothstein/Shutterstock, (9) David P. Smith/Shutterstock;
p. 82 Lsantilli/Fotolia; p. 85 Meliha Gojak/Fotolia; p. 86
(1) spaxiax/Fotolia, (2) Jovan V. Nikolic/Shutterstock, (3)
ajt/Shutterstock, (4) Sandra Caldwell/Shutterstock, (5)
Gabriela Trojanowska/Shutterstock, (6) Massimiliano
Pieraccini/Shutterstock, (7) GeoM/Shutterstock, (8) Piotr
Majka/Shutterstock; p. 89 Michael Krasowitz/Taxi/Getty
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Swanson/Fotolia, (2) Fukuoka Irina/Shutterstock,
(3) Maxim Petrichuk/Shutterstock, (4) Jill Yang/
Shutterstock, (5) nadianb/Fotolia, (6) yanlev/Fotolia, (7)
Galina Barskaya/Shutterstock, (8) Riddle Photography/
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p. 112 Peter Michael Dills/Getty Images; p. 117 Will &
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