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C. S.

(Main) Exam: 2011

Serial No.[..._--,.f--"-~~:~.J (c-DTN-L--MB A)

LAW
Paper-I

( Tzme Allowed: Three Hours J (Maxim~m Marks : 300)


INSTRUCTIONS.
Each question is printed both in Hindi and
in English.
Answers must be written in the medium
specified in the Admission Certificate issued
to you, which must be stated clearly on the
cover of the answer-book in the space
provided for the purpose. No marks will be
given for the answers written in a medium
other than that specified in the Admission
Certificate.
Candidates should attempt Question Nos. 1 and
5 which are compulsory, and any three of the
remaining questions selecting at least one
question from each Section.
The number ofmarks carried by each question
is indicated at the end of the question.

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SECTION- ·A
1. Answer the following (each answer should be in about
150 words) : - 1Sx4=60
'
(a) Constituent power to frame the constitution and
the constituent power to amend the constitution
have different connotation and scope. Explain.
(b) "The Judiciary by usurping the powers of the
other two organs of the· Government in certain
matters has diluted the theory of separation of
.
powers." Do you agree ? Examine critically.
(c) Do local bodies enjoy autonomy in performing
their role in the field of economiC development
and social justice ? Explain.
(d) The Governor of a State holds office during the
'pleasure' of the President of India. Can he be
removed by the President any time without any
reason ? Examine in the context of the position
of the Governor under the .Indian Constitution.

2. (a) 'Equality is a dynamic concept with many aspects


and dimensions, and it cannot be cribbed, cabined
or confined within traditional and doctrinaire

. -
limits.' Explain, how the judiciary has widened
the scope of the right to equality by vanous
decisions. 30

2 (Contd.)

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~~

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'FT m) : 15x4=60
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1 ·'"11ll41fi1ifit
;f ~ f.1uf<n lmT ~ ~'lit f<l;<r 9'1>1{ ~
~ W ? Clll\"11 if>1fGIC( I 30

3 (Contd.)

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(b) Right to life has been extended to a clean human
• environment by· the Courts in India. Discuss the
development of law in this regard. 30

3. (a) The decision of the Supreme Court of India in


' , Jabalpur v. S. Shukla, according to Dr.
ADM
Upendra Baxi, "made the darkness of emergency
comp letel y dark~'.Do you think that the
Constitution (44th Amendment) Act 1978 removed
this darkness ·and provided for better protection
of the Fundamental Rights ? Explain. 30

(b) Examine whether the Election Commission of india


has succ eede d in perfo rmin g the two
responsibilities entrusted to it underAct. 324 of
the Constitution of India ? What steps would
you suggest to ensure the preparation of correct
electoral rolls ? 30

4. Write critical notes on the following : - 20x3 =60

(a) Doctrine of Prospective Overruling.


(b) Duties of the Prime Minister regarding furnishing
of information to the President.
(c) Secularism.

4 (Contd.)

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30
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<fl~~ I 30
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20x3= 60
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5 (Contd.)

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. SECTION"-B
5. Answer the following (each apswer should be in about
150 words) : · 15x4=60
' ...... .
(a) One extreme view is that International Law is a
system without sanctions. However, it is not quite
true that there are no forcible means of compelling
a state to comply with international LaW.
Comment and state various sanctions for the
. .
observance .of International
. Law.
(b) 'The Universal Declaration .of Human Rights is
' • > ' .. •

" comprehensive and has to some extent affected


the content of national laws, being expressly
invokc:;d, by trib~s. yet it is not a legal instrument
and some of its provisions could hardly be said
to represent legal rules. Some' of its provisions
either ~onstitute 'general .principles of law or
represent element considerations of humanity.
Perhapsits' greatest significance is that.it provides
an authoritatiye guide, produced by the General
Assembly, to the interpreta,tion of the provisions
in the Charter.'
Comment and discuss the importance of the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
(c) The Stockholm Conference of 1972 on the human
environment served to identify those areas in which
rules of International environment law, acceptable
to international community as a whole can be
laid down, and as well as those areas in which
the formati on of environ mental rules must
encounter. insurmountable obstacles. .
Discus s the princip les of interna tional
environment law proclaimed in the Stockholm
Declaration.

6 (Contd.)

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~-<.Or
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q;r m) ": ' 15x4 =60
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7 (Contd.)

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(d) What is international terrorism ? Discuss various
actions taken. by the United ;Nations to eliminate
the causes underlying international terrorism.
6. (a) "The distinction between. 'dejure/defacto
recognition' and 'recognition as the de}ure and
defacto government' is i!Jsubstantial, more
especially as the question is one of intention and
the legal consequences thereof in the particular
case. If there is a distinction it does not seem to
matter legally." Comment and discuss the
distinction between the two. 30
(b) "Vessels on the high seas are subject to no authority
except that of the State whose flag they fly. In
virtue of the freedom of the sea, that is to say,
the absence of any territorial. sovereignty upon
the high seas, no State may exercise any kind of
jurisdiction over foreign vessels upon them." Give
a critical appraisal of this principle in the light
of the case law and views of the International
Law Commission. 30
,7. (a) "The principle of States being obliged to "settle
their international disputes by peaceful means
in such a manner that international peace and
security, and justice, are not endangered" is
generally bashed aside by the tendencies of the
nation-states of being reticent to submit disputes
to independent, impartial adjudication, particularly
not accepting in advance the compulsory
jurisdiction of an independent judicial body."
Explain the statement with reference at least to
one such conflict existing in the world and also
prepare a module for promoting negotiations
among nations, using new opportunities created
by globalisation. 30

8 (Contd.)

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.9 (Contd.)

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(b) "Extradition as a rule is effected by bipartite treaty.
There is, therefore, no duty to extradite in the
absence of a treaty. Further, the extradition treaties
normally relate only to serious crimes and impose
the same obligation on both the parties concerned."
Give your opinion on the correctness of this
statement with reference to the existing position
under the International Law. Also critically examine
this practice in the light of ever increasing
individual movements for trade and service to
suggest necessary modifications in law. 30
8. (a) The four Geneva Conventions of 1949 for the
protection of war victims cover the wounded and
sick in land warfare; the wounded, sick and ship-
wrecked in warfare at sea; prisoners of war; and
civilians. Discuss these protections. 30
(b) 'The United Nations is capable of legal
development in accordance with the needs and
circumstances. The Uniting for Peace Resolution,
1950 i~ its example.' Discuss the validity of this
resolution. 30

10 (Contd.)

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30
s. ('!>) F <fl~ar <Ft w!Wf 1949 <Ft '11"\ ~"'T <t>-<rQI'il.
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30
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II

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·....---·--

Serial No. [._·_ ___,.._ _,) (c-DTN -L-MBA )

fc:lfa
·~-~-·
( ~ou"q; : 300)

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~7fr;~l
..
.
Note : English version of the Instructions is printed on the
front cover of this question paper.
12

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C. S. (Main) Exam: 2011

Serial No. [ ' C..J-__2] (c- DT N- L-M BB )

LA W
Pa pe r-I I

[nm e All owe d: Three~HoursJ [M axi mu ,; Ma rks : 300 J

INSTRUCTIONS
Each question ispr ,int ed both in Hindi and
in English.
Ans wer s mu st be wri tten in the med ium
specified in the Admission Certificate issued
to you, which must be stat ed clearly on the
cov er of the ans wer -bo ok in the spa ce
provided for the purpose. No marks will be
given for the answers written in a medium
other than that spe cifi ed in the Admission
Certificate.
Candidates should attempt Question Nos. 1 and
5 which are compulsory, and any three ofthe
remaining questions sele ctin g at least oite
question from each Section.
All questions carry equal marks.

~ ~ ; ~fflr Cf'T N
rrr f§rlT # 1
¥qJrd( W 'JV'T-Yf;i( * filgfl 'f'5

I
••

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' SECTION-A

I. Answer the following. (answer to each part must not


exceed 150 words). Support your answer with legal
,
provisions and case law. 15 x4=60
(a) "The Indian Penal Code gives protection to one
who does an act in good ..faith for the benefit of

another." Discuss:,
-··
' .
(b) "The Indian Penal Code extends protection to acts
done by misfortune under certain circumstances."
Discuss.
.
(c) "Tort is concerned with _the allocation on prevention
of losses which are bound to occur in society."
Discuss.
(d) "Before a person can recover for loss which he
suffered from another person's act, it ·must be
shown that his case falls within the class of
actionable wrongs." Discuss.

2. (a) "Merely doing certain acts that would bring the


Government established by law into hatred or
contempt is not the decisive ingredient of Sedition."
Discuss. Also state the view of Law Commission
of India about reforms on this provision. 30

2 (Contd.)
••

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1. f.'l ~ R!~d if; \1m <l1 rut l!> I (110'1 '!i '1m 'fiT \1m 150 ~
~ 3ffuq; ~ "'11ft 'Q'Rr i1 f(g l!>) I 3!tR \1m 9i) fc!fUq;
~m ail\ f.1 ofllut·l1 f.mr if; mT ~ <tlrutq; I
.
I5x4=60
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w,
m
"Uf) flR:fi
'!' {df
*
3F<T
w,.. Tf'i'lf..
*
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r '!>~rut~
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.
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arU11 ~ ~ ~ 1fll; m ~ "* mlllUT 'fiT
f4 ttl I< '!i <dl WI " Tf'i'!f '!>~ ~ l!> I
' .t ' '

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2. ('!>) "*q(1 f<l>.iff ~ m 'fiT '!i(1t -utT nmr mr
f<ll 111a <:~ '"' 1< if; %1 TIT· m <>w111 ~ '!>\ ~,
<I Uf si'l il <fi ~ f4 f.1 ~ i1 '1 I('J '!i 6 11 C: '!i "'11ft WI ' ' Tf'i'lf
<tlrutq; 1 ~ ~ ~ ~tr 'R ~mff ~ <:!'<(ft.!a
'll<clll1 f.mr 31t<i'P I if; f4 i1 I< 'fiT ~ ij() rut l; I

30
3 (Contd.)
••

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(b) 'A', with the intention of bringing "Hashish", a
prohibited drug in India, stealthily brought in his
bag a cover believing that it contains "hashish"
while coming from Bangladesh to India. While
trying to sell the same to 'B' a dispute regarding
its price arose. B grudgingly informed the police
who opened the bag. It was found that it was a
harmless snuff powder and not hashish. Discuss
the liability ofA. 30

3. (a) "It would be wrong to perceive nudity and sex as


essentially obscene, indecent or immoral. Sex and
obscenity are not always synonymous." In the light
of the above statement elaborate the position of
obscenity as an offence in India. 30

(b) An army Jawan X who was away from his home


for the last two years, requested his senior Y for
leave, which Y refused. Annoyed at this, X fired
two shots at Y, one shot hitting Y beneath the
knee of the right leg as a result of which he fell
down. X fired another shot which hit Y at the
upper left arm. Y died after ten days. Discuss the
liability of X. 30

4 (Contd.)
••

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~) ~. ~. ~Rl~oa. •H'fl\'11 1i'!T 't?~'fl~l •• 1
'!it ~~ ~
311~1'1 ~. ,k~i•HI~~I it .'l1ffir 3TR\' -~ 3f'R t.f
if "q'rtl-~- ~ fi:l 'til 'ill 'ff <R ~ ~, •mer f4 ~<m1
m ~ f<!i ;nr fi:l'fil~ ~ am. t~~'fl~.l ~ 1 ;nr ~
'lit- . s 'lit; m
'!fr. n~,
""tv
1~~ <fi ~ >3 <~if>~ if\111 a <fi
.
~U if ~ f4<w; W m lJliT I B 't 31f.t ~31 it
,,
~ 'lit ');il'11 ~ ~ I ~ 't t.f ~ fu1rr I 'fi1IT
Ti<rr' w·'~ ~-- 31t~IPtili< '1<141( ~ tlf, ·;; f<l;
t; ~'fl QI I • 1\- ~ <; Iftkq '!\: 'if'i1'f if\1 fijj t(i ' 30
. I f ' ' ' .
3. ('li') "'11'1dl ail\ ~-<til 311<'l~ll'li ~it 31~\'11(1, 31fVItse:
l!T 3Rfttq; Wffl W-fT lJffir Wnrr I ~ ail\ 31~\'11Hd I
m 4llf'l <'l Iift --® mit ~ I " 3 4 {) <t<1 '1\'tr'l ~
9'lil~l if 'l1ffir if 314 {l[f ~ ~ if 31~c41Hd I '!fr
ff<q Rl 'lit f4 WI <'iq"q; -~ if\)fijj 1J> I 30

~) ~ q(1~'1t "'<ll'1 x 't, -;;IT flwfl ~ w it 3T'R


m it ~ m, 3T'R <lftiS6 Y it ~ 'lli1ft, fijj <~if>1
Y 't \l•'lil{ 'R ~I ~ '!\: '11(1~ ~;l'li(, X 't
v '4"( ~ in fi:lll i Gl11't 1 •~ -.ffi;lT v '!fr m -wr ~
¥'t ~ ~ ~. ~<I~ qftullllli<l'f'4 Cftr ~ fi'R
'l9!1 X 't ~ ail\ -.ffi;lT ~HI{ -;;iT Y ~ ~ ~
~ 3>4 {l 'lWt' '4"< ~ I ~ ~ ~ <I'TG Y '!fr f t
m1ft I X 'lfr ~ '4"< 'if'i1'f </il fijj 1J> I 30

5 (Contd.)
••

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.
4. (a) "Th e defendant mus t not only owe ·the 'plai ntiff a
duty of care, he mus f be in' breach of it." In the
light of the above statement examine as to how
would the court find out' as to whether there is a
:·~ ~
breach of a duty on the part of the defendant or
' '

not. ·Refer to case law. 30


I
(b) "With the enactment and implementation of the
'

Consumer Protection Act, 1986, a new consumer


~"
,~,.

jurisprudence has developed in India." Elaborate.


. '

30
SEC TIO N-B
5. Answer the following. (Answer to each part must not
exceed 150 words). Support your answer with legal
provisions and decided cases : - J5x4=60
(a) "Sta nda rd form con trac ts exis t 111 com plet e
disregard to the established principles of freedom
of contract and equality of bargaining power of
the parties." Elucidate.
(b) "There can be no contract of guarantee unless
there is someone primarily liable." Comment.

6 (Contd.)
••

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m~
5. f.1~'1fi1~d <fi ~ <fl~QO I (9~~ifi 'WT "fiT ~
150 ~ ~ 31fUCfi it "'11ft liRT i11~l!O) I ~ ~ 'liT
!<\ IU<t> ~m 3\tt f.1 of<l "'·ll ~ <fi. e:m ~ ~ ~ l!O : -
I5x4=60
(Cfi) "'11 '1 ifi"liTTf til<\ ~ Ic(, tiF<\ ~ I f4 Id'>ll. ait<: 'G &1ifi I {)" <fr
tM"11;;fl ~~fiffi <fr t~lictl <fi f<llfila ff~Olii(l~i <fr ~
3Jq~<'1'11 it, 1<\'iJ'il'i ~I" 1<\«ll{'icfcp ~ 'f>~~l!O I
.(t'!) ·~ ."d'P m 91<ifttCfia: m '1" m. <f"1" "d'P Tflitt
"fiT ifiW tt.Fc\ <;I · "'11ft ·m M>d I ~ I ' ' fl lll oft '!>~ ~ QO I

7 (Contd.)
••

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(c) "The grea~ elem ent of· nego tiabi lity is the
acquisition o(,prope_r_ty, by your own conduct, not
by another's, that i.(you .~ake it bonafide and for
value nobo~y can .. deprivt; you of it." Explain.
(d) '~Lok-Adalats in India manifest the purpose and
obje ctive s laid, ,d?w n,)n Alte rnate Disp ute
Resolution Schemes." Discuss.

(). (a) "Ratifi!-:ation i~ .. ~a ~ind of affir mati on of


unauthorised acts.".- ~ritical_ly examine. Is there
any difference between 'agency by estoppel' and
'agency by ratification' ? Discuss. 30
(b) A Central Government Medical Research Institute
in collaboration with an MNC used a drug on
experimental basis on humans for curing cancer.
Some of the patients died due to this drug. In
order to sue for compensation for such victims
and violation of right to privacy, Mr. X, a relative
of a deceased patient sought information through
the instrumentality of Right to Information Act.
The information was refused on the ground that
it affects the contracting power of the Central
Government with foreign companies and violates
trade secrets too. Decide. 30

8 (Contd.)
••

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(11) ''4Utd Alt1 I iN IOJ i< I '1 <Klf fi qR'J iN 3l'f.t "f<fli <f;
311i'HOI <f; IDU m ~. '1 f.\; f<R!t ~ <f; 311i'HOI
<f; IDU, ~ -~ 3IT'1 <l t~<il ~ 3fR l);<"lll!f
'1Tt(f m ~. mm '4T 3114<il. ~ ciRit1 'ltt
<R M>t111" ~<A~~~
0<) "'11ffif if ffi<F-31t;l<'ld '~<t>ff4<t> f'1cllt; 641!11'1 lfi"''913it'
if ~ 9ti'l"1'1 3fR <l~~q'j q?( G~lfdl ~ I''
~<A~~~

6. (if>) "31'j;t14!f'l 3191f!itt1 'l>flif iN"!!' 9'f>l{ iN 9ffi'lll'1.


~ 1" t~41("1l'i1'11'i:q"q; Wlff11T <t>~~~ 1 'fliT ~u <f;
IDU ~if>{OI' afh: '31'j;t~4!f'l <fi IDU ~· <fi
aft'i1" 9iW 31rt1 { lffirr ~ ? ~ '!>~~~I 30
("f) "!!' ~sftq tl{'f>l{ Rif4>rt~l ~UR t~\<H'l of, "!!'
iii$ {I o{l 'l q; 4oft <fi t1 !!14'111 if, m
iN \\<'II"' m
<F! "!!' GCfT iN 41'141' 'IT 91lllfl'l<t> 311UI{ 'IT
\\W 41 <1 fil;<rr 1 ~ GCfT <f; if> I {O I ~ {) fl1 Ill. <F! f t
lTI ~ I ~ <f'l ~ ci'f <F! ll1 ffi 'i:Rf <fi ~ 3fR Pi "'t1 I
<fi 3ffu<t> I { <f; <l <"l'i '<1 '1 <fi ~ :J>if> <; 41 ~ m
<F! ~ ~. "!!' Tnft <f; ft~dt;l{ ~ X of 'j;i'l'll
<f; 3!fu<m: <f; i<Rllll { <f; l1Trw:f ~ "'I '1 if> I {) 1lf!fi I
'j;il'll 'T<D'1 m ~ \\r'f>l{ 'R f<l<rr lJ<!T ~t!'f>l
311!:11\ iilt11lll lJ<!T f.\; 'j;i'l'll 'T<D'1 1<1~~ft q;qP!<ff <f;
mtr ~sl'lll e <<t>l< <Ft e'f'1t;l<t><"l ~1fiffi <!?t -g~
if>@ ~ 3fR Clll 4I { <i!f<i'l' iN '4t ""'<!<"""<'lm·oq.,..'l <hif>T.{(1""1 ~ I
f<1Pi ~'i1'l <j()~~ I 30

9 (Contd.)
••

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7. (a) "Competition Law ·needs to have necessary


provisions and teeth to examine and adjudicate
upon anti-competitive practices." Examine and
evaluate this statement in the context of the
Competition Act, 2002. 30
(b) "The rise of Environmental Crimes in spite of
Environmental Legislations is due to absence of
adequate punitive methods of sentencing." Discuss.
30
8. (a) "Passing of property and delivery of goods are
two different concepts." Explain with the help of
provisions ·of The Sale of Goods Act and case
law. 30
(b) What is securing of digital signature under the
Information Technology Act, 2000 ? State the
duty of disclosure of the Certifying Authority.
30

10 (Contd.)
••

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''l!i? 3MQ'1ifi w fil; ~fdihfi'la1 ~ if ~@ihfi'la1M
Cll q t! I {l" 'fiT 'ifi~RUT m 3i'\<: rq I'1 f.'l ofl1 1 m~
~ 3MQ'1ifi \roft< 3i'\<: UR ~ WT I" ~fd<i)fi'lal
6l~f.'i'1'1, 20Q2 <f> ~ if m'f 'PI!R 'fiT q{)!fiUI
3i'\<: '!:\'"'1 iifi'1 . 'fi'l~ l( I 30
,. ~'

. ·.. ("f) "qqfq<uftq ~UR1 if; <i11q'i<;, qqfq<oftq 31qmn <f;


'

d~GI1 'fiT ifii{UI G':SI~QI m '!\T qqf~ G':SI~'iifi


f4~~'f '!\T 3J:!>qff<ifd WI'' "'Rtf 'fi'l~l( I 30
ro
8. ('!>) "Iii qrfl 'fiT Iiil'li ia "' <11 3iTt 1'ffi'f '!iT qR:<: 11 "' <11 ,
en ~ fiiji('"q 11~ ~ 1" l1R'( f41'1i'1 ~ *
\rofm 3i'\<: f.'l ofq "1 ~'1 ~ '!\T ld t! 111a I ~ ~
<tl~l( I 30
("f) ');'<1'11 sihflfi'l<f.'l 3l~f.'i'1'1, 2000 * 3Trl'l-1 3i9>'1'1
t; t<11 !fl < 'fiT W'l IV 'il a "' <11 'fliT mm w ? ~ '11 u1"'t1 f
~ I~ ifi I {l '!\T. 'J'FC'l '!\T ~ 'fiT 'PilR q()~ l( I
30

II
••

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Serial No. [.. _,_ _ _ __,] (c-DTN~L-MBB)
f4ffi
w-i-~-11

31j4~1

llril<t> rff.r ~ 3ft< ajiJofl cf'r;if it WlT D-1


''Iffl' * "3"ff ( m 1J/V./ll if ~ UfT'f •ntill.(
fultl<t>l Jffll..i'f JIT'Tii'> l/W'-rr:r it ~ 7f1lT ~.
3ih" -w "1fTWf 'fiT f'I1Z J r-c'! & "3"ffT-] ffi<t> <f>
~-~ 'V ~ f.lffoc 'f'IWf rrr ~ urm
<ntill.( 1 !i<ffl-rr:r rrr J!ffiRm 1JIW.J <f> 3/fdRiffl
3PJ f<Wt 11TWT if ~ ~ "3"ffT 'Cff m 3/'q;
'flff f?li'ri! 1
liV'i <ii.."'JI 13fh 5 31f4 qllf ~I "iil1'li't !nofl' it
/'
it llril<t> WT5 it cpf- it-cp f ~ liV'i ~ '1 if> (
fq; ·iff rft;r 'Iff l' <f> "3"ffT <flful (( I
mft 'Iffl ' <f> 3/'q; ti1J/'1 ~ I

Not e : English version of the Instructions is prin ted on the


fron t cover of this question paper.

• 12
••

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