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CS (rMtN) EXAM, 2010

lc-OTN-K-MBAj

LAW

PCiper I

j Time Allowed : .Three Hours J

J Maximum Marks : 300 J

. INSTRUCTIONS

Each question ·is printed both in Hindi and in English.

Answers

m]l.st

be· written

in the medium

specified in the Admission Certificate. issued

to you, which must .be stated clearly on .the

Ln the spq.ce

provided for the purpose. No marks will be

a that specified in the Admission

medium

cover

given

other

of

the

answer-boo!<

for

the answers

written

in

than

Certificate.

Candidates should attempt Questions no. 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least Qne question from each Section.

The

number

of

marks

carried

by

each

question

ts

indicated

at

the

end

of

the

question.

-

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SECTION A

1. Answer any three of the following (each answer should

be in about 200 words) :

20x3=60

 

(a)

"The fragrance and colour which is enshrined in Article 141 of the Constitution of India is destined

 

to uphold the Rule of Law in the interest of justice and people of India." Do you agree ? Give reasons.

 

(b)

Whether

right

to

vote

is

a

fundamental

or

a

 

statutory right ? Justify your statement with the

help of relevant case-law on this subject.

 
 

(c)

"While certainty of law is important in India, it cannot be at the cost of justice." Critically examine this statement in the context of 'curative petition' in India and also refer to relevant case-law.

(d)

The doctrine of separation of powers in its classical sense, which is functional rather than struclura1, cannot be applied in any modern government.

 

Discuss.

2.

{a)

New frontiers of criminal justice have been spelled out from Article 21 of the Constitution, which provides that no person shall be deprived of his right to life and personal liberty except according to procedure established by law. Discuss and refer

to decided cases.

C-DTN-K-MBA

2

30

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(b)

Locus standi IS necessary for challenging an administrative action, through a writ petition. IIow has it been liberalised in case of public interest litigation ? Comment on the statement that "PIL is not a PILL against all the ILLS." 30

3.

(a)

Critically examine the role of the Supreme Court of India in the maintenance of minimum standards

 

in public life and polity. Opine on how much of it is enforcement of the rule of law and how much of it

is judicial activism.

30

 

(b)

In recent times the role of Governor in the

 

appointment and dismissal of Chief Minister has been impugned and it is said that the Court has

assumed the role of the Governor and the Speaker. Comment. Refer to recent cases where the Supreme Court has directed to take composite floor test and report to the Court.

30

4. V\'rite critical notes on the following

20x3=60

(a)

"The

power

to

destroy

the

Constitution

is

not

included in the power to amend the Constitution."

(b)

"It is the religious teaching, not the teaching of religion which is prohibited under the Constitution of India."

(c)

"The doctrine of excessive delegation is a judicially tailored principle."

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SECTION B

5. Answer any three of the following (each answer should

be in about 200 words)

20x3=60

(a)

"The fundamental principles of International law

arc passing through a serious crisis and this

necessitates its reconstruction." Do you agree with

this statement ? Give reasons.

(b)

What do you understand by the principle of

'Continuity of State' in the context of succession of government ? Pinpoint the major areas to be

addressed to improve upon the existing position

relating to State succession ru1es and practice.

(c)

Comment on the statement that 'WTO' is the main organ for implementation of Multilateral Trade

Agreements and is the third economic pillar of the worldwide trade and commerce.

(d) A reservation, which purports to exclude or to modify the legal effects of certain provisions of the

treaty in their application to that State, is accepted

-in

practice,

-if

it

is

compatible

'\Vith

object

and

purpose of the treaty. Discuss the practice of different nations and opinion of ICJ regarding admissibility of reservations to the conventions.

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6. The traditional definitions of International law with its restrictions to the conduct ofStates inter se, in view of developments during the last six decades cannot stand as a comprehensive description of all the rules now acknowledged to form part of International law.

(a)

(b)

Elaborate with examples those developments which are not covered by the exclusive rules governing the conduct of States.

Discuss with illustrations the law and the practice of various States in relation to non-recognition of

governments.

30

30

7. Normally the States are reluctant to resort to the International Court of Justice mainly due to political factor; the general conditions of international relations; the greater suitability of other tribunals; a flexibility of arbitration In comparison with a compulsory jurisdiction and difficulty in getting enforcement of the decisions of the court. However, the court has made a reasonable contribution in settling disputes.

(a)

(b)

Critically evaluate the working of the court specially in contentious cases.

How would you react to the statement that TRIPS abrreement on the one hand is a historic act but on the other hand it failed to achieve the goals of improving trading powers and trade issues of the least developed countries? Comment.

30

30

C-DTN-K-MBA

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8.

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20x3=60

(a)

Exclusive Econon1ic Zone

(b)

Laws relating to aircraft hijacking

(c)

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Note

:

English

version

of the

Instructions

is

printed

on

 

the front

cover of this

question paper.

 

CS

(MAIN) EXAM, 2010

Serial

No.

(

0 401

)

(c-DTN-K-MBB

J

(Time Allowed:

Three

LAW

Paper-II

Hours)

(Maximum

Marks

:

INSTRUCTIONS

Each

question

in

English.

Answers

must

is printed both

be

written

1n

in Hindi

and

the

medium

300)

spec~(ied

in the Admission Certificate

issued

to you,

which

must be

stated clearly

on

the

cover

of the

answer-book

in

the

space

provided for

the purpose.

No

marks

will be

given/or the answers writ/en in a medium other

than that specified in the Admission Certificate.

G!fFf

it

.

Candidates should attempt Question Nos.

1 and

5 which are compulsory,

and any three ofthe

remaining

questions

selecting

at

least

one

question from

each

Section.

All questions

carry equal marks.

3!J;~

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2-

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SECTION-A

l. Answer any THREE of the following (answer to each

question must not exceed 200 words). Support your

answer with the help of legal provisions and decided cases :-

20x3=60

(a)

Distinguish common intention from abetment and

criminal conspiracy.

(b)

"Right of private defence is available only against

of1ences." Discuss.

(c)

"Defence of'Vo!enti-non-fit injuria' is not available

when the rescuer is injured in an act of rescuing." Discuss.

(d)

Discuss the principle of Res-ipsa-Loquitur. Refer

to recent cases.

2. (a) "ln order to constitute a public nuisance there must

be an act or an illegal omission, and it is not

necessary that the act should be illegaL" Explain

the offence of public nuisance with the help of decided cases.

20

2

•••

(Contd.)

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3

•••

(Contd.}

(b) 'A' and 'B' were both security guards posted out- side the home of a senior army officer, Mr. X. They

often used to exchange hot words with each other in context to the other. On the day of Holi festival both of them had a verbal exchange due to the fact that both wanted to go to home early for festival, that led to altercation between the two, both of them instantaneously aimed their revolvers at each other respectively. 'C' who was also on duty with them intervened and pacified both of them. Both lowered their weapons respectively. The moment 'B' noted that 'A' had lowered his revolver, he immediately fired at 'A' and killed him. On being tried 'B' was awarded death sentence. However, on appeal the High Court acquitted 'B' on the plea of self-defence. The State intends to go in for appeal in the Supreme Court against the decision of the High Court. Advise in the light of the case·

law on the subject.

20

(c) Discuss the law relating to criminal intimidation. Refer to case law. In what way is extortion different from criminal intimidation ? I0+ I0=20

3. (a) What test has the Supreme Court prescribed to understand 'the rarest of the rare cases theory' while inflicting Capital Punishment ? Can one

argue that Capital Punishment in any case is against

society?

4

•••

20

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20

(Contd.)

(b)

Do you find it is necessary to convict the accused both under Section 304-B and Section 498-A of Penal Code ry Refer to recent cases. 20

(c)

Mr. A, a chronic heati-patient was drawn into a political debate and in the course of arguments his

adversary looked at him fiercely and said that "'people like him should be hit till they are dead". Hearing this 'A' suffers a heart attack and dies on the spot. Discuss the liability of his adversary.

Argue for the State also.

I 0

(d)

'A', a minor girl leaves her parents House because

of ill treatment and lives with 'B', her friend. Can

he (8) be prosecuted for kidnapping 'I

I 0

4. (a) The editor of a weekly published a series of articles directed against the business of the plaintiff alleging how the wealth of the vast empire was built up by having recourse to the unlawful and questionable means involving tax-evasion, import- export rackets, foreign exchange violations and how the investigations into the operations of the organisation were bogged down. In an action for defamation, the defendant put up the defence of fair comment on a matter of public interest. The plaintiff brought evidence to show that the defendant had to tender an apology to the plaintiff in an earlier defamation case and that the present publication was motivated by malice. Discuss the defence of fair comment in the light of the facts

of the case.

6

•••

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7

•••

(Contd.)

(b)

We must use our properly so as not to cause

discomfort to another's use of property. Yet a

temporary discomfort is not actionable. Explain

the law.

20

(c)

Discuss the

liability of hospitals under the

Consumer Protection Act, 1986. Refer to decided cases a:so.

20

SECTION-S

5. (a) On breach ot contract only such loss can be

recovered as was in the contemplation of both the

parties at the time of entering into the contract. Discuss.

15

(b)

The very object of taking a surety is defeated, if

the creditor is required to postpone his.reinedies

against the surety. surety.

Explain the liability of the

15

\Vhat do you understand by a Promissory Note? Discuss.

15

{d) Mere cessation of trading does not result in

(c)

dissolution of a partnership. Rights and liabilities

need

to

be

settled

between

the

partners.

Explain.

 

15

8

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9

•••

(Contd.}

6. The Competition

(a)

Act is designed to

prevent

monopolies and unfair trade practices against

consuming public.

smaller competitors and Elucidate.

30

(b)

Public Interest Litigation has been a significant tool in protecting the environment. Discuss with the

help of cases.

30

7. An impartial and independent conciliator assists the parties in resolving their dispute amicably. Discuss the provtstons of law relating to

(a)

conciliation.

30

(b)

Distinguish between

'Foreign

Award'

and

'Conventional Award'. Discuss the procedure for

the enforcement of 'Foreign Award' with the help

of case law.

30

8. Examine the legal recognition of 'Digital Signature' and explain the procedure for its registration under

(a)

the lnfonnation Technology Act.

30

{b)

The principle of' passing off' in an action has been extended to the usc of 'false trade description'. Explain the conditions for a successful passing off action and the defences available to the opposite

party.

30

10

•••

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6.

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30

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II

•••