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Descubra cómo seleccionar el equipo y manipularlo correctamente

How to Make an Automatic 12V Battery Charger by

Steve Willson Kujur (/member/Steve+Willson+Kujur/) in electronics (/technology/electronics/) advertisement

Download h (/id/How-to-Make-a-12V-Battery-Charger-Programmable-/) 16 Steps .

 Collection I Made it!  Favorite  Share 

About This Instructable

8 17,219 views
 197 favorites
(https://cdn instructables com/F72/YFGI/J80GL6Y4/F72YFGIJ80GL6Y4 MEDIUM jpg)

Steve Willson Kujur


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Bio: Hi my name is Steve and i'm a

Creative and I got Technical skills i can
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More by Steve Willson Kujur:

(https://cdn instructables com/FW0/VZBQ/J836IKQM/FW0VZBQJ836IKQM MEDIUM jpg) Battery- (/id/Fast- (/id/Build-a-
Charger- Charging- Power-Bank-
Anywhere/) in-2/)
Hey! everyone My name is Steve.
Today I'm going to show you How to Make a 12v Battery Charger Related
Click Here to See The Video (https://youtu.be/CWgfWvLLG54)
Emergency Phone Charger
Let's Start (/id/Emergency-Phone-
by yobots (/member/yobots/)
Step 1: Features
Make this Smart, Modular
and Cheap Lithium Battery
Charger System in minutes!!
d M d l Lithi
DIY Size & Build a Battery
Power Backup Generator W/
12V Deep Cycle Batteries
B k G t /)
How to Make a 12v Battery
Charger (/id/How-to-Make-
by Steve Willson Kujur
(/ b /St +Will +K j /
Battery float charger
by Nobilis (/member/Nobilis/)


(https://cdn instructables com/FIZ/ZFZE/J80GMOSG/FIZZFZEJ80GMOSG MEDIUM jpg)

Input Power
110-220 v AC
Output Power
1.25-24 v DC Adjustable at 8 Amps
Built-in Protection
Short Circuit Protection
Over Load Protection
Over Charge Protection
Charger Features
Constant Current Charging
Constant Voltage Charging
Full charge indicator
Charging Indicator
Continuously asked Questions

Q - Can I leave it overnight

A - Yes! For Sure this will not overcharge your battery just because we're using
constant voltage there will be no potential difference to make your battery

Q - Why you are setting the voltage to 13.8v

A - Just because when a 12v battery get fully charged the voltage is 13.8v
Google it for more information

Step 2: Gallery
(https://cdn instructables com/FUH/T0JR/J80GMOS7/FUHT0JRJ80GMOS7 MEDIUM jpg)

(https://cdn instructables com/F31/LFHV/J80GMO(https://cdn instructables com/FQ0/NKOH/J80GM

(https://cdn instructables com/FT (https://cdn instructables com/FS (https://cdn instructables com/F5

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Step 3: Things You Need

(https://cdn instructables com/F5J/2WHO/J80GL95Q/F5J2WHOJ80GL95Q MEDIUM jpg)

(https://cdn instructables com/FHZ/CRAX/J80GL9(https://cdn instructables com/FAD/YVT8/J80GL9

(https://cdn instructables com/FIY(https://cdn instructables com/FT (https://cdn instructables com/FH

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24v SMPS - https://goo.gl/4hb3Sj (https://goo.gl/4hb3Sj)
Dc to Dc Step Down - https://goo.gl/EM8LF7 (https://goo.gl/EM8LF7)
Volt Meter - https://goo.gl/EM8LF7 (https://goo.gl/wjPyAf)
Acrylic Sheet - https://goo.gl/EM8LF7 (https://goo.gl/z1y56b)
PCB Stand-Off - https://goo.gl/EM8LF7 (https://goo.gl/id5Dva)
Heat Shrink Tube - https://goo.gl/EM8LF7 (https://goo.gl/Jj7xpo)
XT60 Connector - https://goo.gl/EM8LF7 (https://goo.gl/frBPyt)
Alligator Clip - https://goo.gl/EM8LF7 (https://goo.gl/8nzUzN)
Soldering Iron - https://goo.gl/EM8LF7 (https://goo.gl/RH4svb)
Rubber Bumpers Pad - https://goo.gl/EM8LF7 (https://goo.gl/AA3ZUG)
24v SMPS - https://goo.gl/pFbm59 (https://goo.gl/pFbm59)
Dc to Dc Step Down - https://goo.gl/atZGVC (https://goo.gl/atZGVC)
Volt Meter - https://goo.gl/atZGVC (https://goo.gl/azA8Ay)
Acrylic Sheet - https://goo.gl/atZGVC (https://goo.gl/Huzo76)
PCB Stand-Off - https://goo.gl/atZGVC (https://goo.gl/ax1hrC)
Heat Shrink Tube - https://goo.gl/atZGVC (https://goo.gl/hB6TsW)
XT60 Connector - https://goo.gl/atZGVC (https://goo.gl/MAz96L)
Alligator Clip - https://goo.gl/atZGVC (https://goo.gl/9MWE9P)
Soldering Iron - https://goo.gl/atZGVC (https://goo.gl/pKBiHj)
24v SMPS - http://amzn.to/2wSnT0Y (http://amzn.to/2wSnT0Y)
Dc to Dc Step Down - http://amzn.to/2yCfbWQ (http://amzn.to/2yCfbWQ)
Volt Meter - http://amzn.to/2yCfbWQ (http://amzn.to/2xF7NM9)
Acrylic Sheet - http://amzn.to/2yCfbWQ (http://amzn.to/2wP31MX)
PCB Stand-Off - http://amzn.to/2yCfbWQ (http://amzn.to/2wRLw9K)
Heat Shrink Tube - http://amzn.to/2yCfbWQ (https://goo.gl/hB6TsW)
XT60 Connector - http://amzn.to/2yCfbWQ (http://amzn.to/2yCfT6s)
Alligator Clip - http://amzn.to/2yCfbWQ (http://amzn.to/2f7HCah)
Soldering Iron - http://amzn.to/2yCfbWQ (http://amzn.to/2x0IaCZ)

Step 4: Stand Off Installation

(https://cdn instructables com/F0K/FRJ5/J80GL96I/F0KFRJ5J80GL96I MEDIUM jpg)

(https://cdn instructables com/F8I/UT5P/J80GL96 (https://cdn instructables com/FG8/0QGS/J80GL9

First, install the standoff "as shown in the image "

Do the same for SMPS and DC to Dc Convertor

Step 5: The Acrylic

(https://cdn instructables com/F70/4DRF/J80GL94R/F704DRFJ80GL94R MEDIUM jpg)

(https://cdn instructables com/F4 (https://cdn instructables com/FJ (https://cdn instructables com/F8

First, pull off the protective layer from the acrylic sheet
Now place your components " as shown in the image "

Step 6: The Drill

(https://cdn instructables com/F3Z/39BV/J80GL95L/F3Z39BVJ80GL95L MEDIUM jpg)

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Now use a marker to make the point for drill

Now use a 2mm drill to drill the holes
And now go for 3mm drill bit and at last counter shink all the holes " as
shown in the image "

Step 7: Assembly
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(https://cdn instructables com/FM (https://cdn instructables com/FF (https://cdn instructables com/FX

Now use some screw to screw the board with acrylic sheet " as shown in the
image "

Step 8: Wiring Diagram

(https://cdn instructables com/FMA/8J2Z/J80GN7QY/FMA8J2ZJ80GN7QY MEDIUM jpg)

Step 9: Wiring Part 1

(https://cdn instructables com/F40/KTDZ/J80GL8O8/F40KTDZJ80GL8O8 MEDIUM jpg)

(https://cdn instructables com/FAG/PRKN/J80GL8(https://cdn instructables com/F0D/64QW/J80GL9

(https://cdn instructables com/FTU/EL8C/J80GMX(https://cdn instructables com/FQE/0VM3/J80GL8

Now solder the XT60 with Ammeter with some wire " as shown in the image "
And then use heat shrink tube to secure the connection

Step 10: Double Sided Tape

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(https://cdn instructables com/F85/D6S7/J80GL8A(https://cdn instructables com/FPW/SG3P/J80GL8

(https://cdn instructables com/FGE/809X/J80GL8X(https://cdn instructables com/FTC/K1K0/J80GL9

I used some double-sided tape to hold the Ammeter and XT60 Connector

Step 11: Wiring Part 2

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And I Passed all the wire underneath the board till last and connected it to
the converter output" as shown in the image "
And now I took 2 wire along with ammeter wire and connected it to the output
of SMPS " as shown in the image "
And now I connected the ammeter wire and passed all the wire underneath
the board till last and connected it to the converter Input

Step 12: Output Wire

(https://cdn instructables com/F83/TEUQ/J80GMXXS/F83TEUQJ80GMXXS MEDIUM jpg)

(https://cdn instructables com/FYP/EYRK/J80GMX(https://cdn instructables com/FCP/NK3Y/J80GMX

(https://cdn instructables com/FOQ/X1ED/J80GM (https://cdn instructables com/F4X/UJ3F/J80GMX

I used XT60 connector with 2 alligator clip and wired it together and used
some heat shrink to secure the connection

Step 13: Input Wire

(https://cdn instructables com/FD7/H7Y7/J80GMXVC/FD7H7Y7J80GMXVC MEDIUM jpg)

(https://cdn instructables com/FTW/6GFJ/J80GMX(https://cdn instructables com/FTQ/47ZB/J80GMX

I used XT60 connector and connected it to the Green connector for mainline
input " as shown in the image "

Step 14: Final Assembly

(https://cdn instructables com/FLR/6L3O/J80GMXVU/FLR6L3OJ80GMXVU MEDIUM jpg)

(https://cdn instructables com/FV1/R58J/J80GMX (https://cdn instructables com/FNL/Y3ER/J80GMX

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I used couple of screws to close the upper acrylic sheet

And used some rubber feet on the bottom
Looks neat

Step 15: Calibration

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Now connect the main input wire

In order to set the current, you need to short the output wire and now set the
current with the potentiometer " as shown in the image "
now you need to disconnect the output wire in order to set the voltage and
now set the voltage with the potentiometer " as shown in the image "
My Settings
Set the Voltage to 13.8v
And set the current to 1 Amps or more it depends on the battery size
Find out the current
Use this formula - Battery Capacity x 1/10 = setting
I used a 7 amp battery, now let's put the formula
7 x 1/10 = 0.7 and here I set it to 1 amp " You can go for little higher current
but not too much "

Step 16: Finishing Up

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Now just plug the battery and it's all set

You can see the ammeter it's drawing about 1A just because we have limited
the current it is the safest way to charge the battery
And when the battery will get fully charged " This will automatically stop the
charging " Just because we have limited the Voltage and there is no
potential difference to overcharge the battery
Red Light - Charging
Blue Light - Full Charged
That's all for today guys!

Click Here to See The Video (https://youtu.be/CWgfWvLLG54)

You Just Made It

Thank you for visiting my Instructables

Stay tuned for next Projects



We have a be nice comment policy.

Please be positive and constructive. w I Made it!  Add Images Post Comment

billbillt (/member/billbillt/) 2017-10-01 Reply


Kevanf1 (/member/Kevanf1/) 2017-10-01 Reply

So simple and yet so brilliant. Well done and thank you. I wonder if this could be
expanded further? How about adding a conditioning or de-sulphating circuit to
the design? This is just a thought as I have two commercially made chargers
with conditioning circuits and they seem to be the trend nowadays. Yours is
superb whatever :)

nic.bryan.73 (/member/nic.bryan.73/) . Kevanf1 (/member/Kevanf1/) Reply

I think the idea with this one is that it doesn't need to condition
the battery, because it's only charging it up to the max-voltage, not over-
charging it.

der_fisherman (/member/der_fisherman/) 2017-10-01 Reply

I like your ideas, and due to you being careful in using 13.8 volts, your lead acid
battery will last a hell of a long time, even if its not a full charge (which cuts the
working life dramatically!!). Very similar to what I use (13.6 volts) on my own
I switch my charger off automatically from the mains once the battery is
between 13.6 and 12.6 volts. 12.6v is apparently where Sulfation starts
according to some Battery manufacturers....
I am sure that your design will find a lot of very happy users here on
Instructables, very well done!

Thanks for sharing.

pemazzei (/member/pemazzei/) 2017-10-01 Reply

Very nice Instructable! Please, can you show the wiring diagram between the
modules you used?

ZacWolf (/member/ZacWolf/) 2017-10-01 Reply

Thank you for the excellent source lists! To me it's always what makes or
breaks a good Instructable! Well done!

I More Comments


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