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Godin

• Discovered relationship between P and V of any

gas'constant T and n

• In a simplified version of his many experiments he

observed results similar to following:

Volume Pressure P x V

1 2 16

2 4 8

3 8 4

4 16 2

5 20 1.6

• Derived a math formula for this relationship:

∎ Since: P1 x Vl = k and P2 X V2= K

Therefore:

V 1 = initial volume

P2 =final pressure

V2= final volume

Boyle's Law

Inverse relationship, where if V is halved, P is

doubled. (inverse of 1/2 is 2/1)

Sample Calculation

Ex- After decreasing the volume of a gas to

2.35L its pressure increases by 29.5kPa. If its

pressure was 125kPa, what was its starting

volume?

21, 22

Boyles' Law

Use Boyles' Law to answer the following questions:

1) 1.00 L of a gas at standard temperature and pressure is

compressed to 473 mL. What is the new pressure of the

gas?

within the bomb casing reaches 4.0 x 10 6 atm. When the

bomb casing is destroyed by the explosion, the gas is

released into the atmosphere where it reaches a pressure of

1.00 atm. What is the volume of the gas after the

explosion?

x 104 atm. If we took 2.00 liters of gas at 1.00 atm and

compressed it to a pressure of 6.00 x 10 4 atm, what would

the volume of that gas be?

4) The highest pressure ever produced in a laboratory setting

was about 2.0 x 106 atm. If we have a 1.0 x 10 -5 liter sample

of a gas at that pressure, then release the pressure until it is

equal to 0.275 atm, what would the new volume of that gas

be?

(1746-1823)

Trial Volume T(°C) T (k) V/T K*

1 120 27 300

2 160 127 400

3 240 327 600

4 300 477 750

5 400 727 1000

*means a constant

10 -Charles Law

Since: VI/T, = k and V2/T2= k

Therefore:

Where V1 = initial volume

Tl = initial temperature

V2= final volume

T2= final temperature

Example:

A gas was heated to a T of 125°C. Its volume

was 2.4L at a

temperature of

22°C. What is

the new

volume?

Charles Law Calculations

place a balloon in my fridge that initially has a temperature of

22° C and a volume of 0.5 liters, what will be the volume of

the balloon when it is fully cooled by my refrigerator?

a volume of 0.4 liters and a temperature of 20 °C, what will

the volume of the balloon be after he heats it to a

temperature of 250 °C?

3) On hot days, you may have noticed that potato chip bags seem

to "inflate", even though they have not been opened. If I have

a 250 mL bag at a temperature of 19 °C, and I leave it in my

car which has a temperature of 60'C, what will the new

volume of the bag be?

temperature (25 °C), what will the new volume be if you put it in your freezer (-4

0

c)?

5) Some students believe that teachers are full of hot air. If I inhale 2.2 liters of gas

at a temperature of 18°C and it heats to a temperature of 38 °C in my lungs, what is the

new volume of the gas?

6) How hot will a 2.3 L balloon have to get to expand to a volume of 400 L?

Assume that the initial temperature of the balloon is 25 °C.

expanding of gas in a piston. I have measured that at 100°C the volume of the

piston is 20 L. What is the temperature outside if the piston has a volume of 15

L? What would be appropriate clothing for the weather?

Graph of V v s.

T (Celsius)

partially direct

relation between

V and T(°C)

Graph of V vs.

T (Kelvin) direct

Relation between

V and T(k) of a

Gas.

- math representation:

Where: P1 = initial pressure

T1 = initial temp. (Kelvin)

P2= final pressure

T2= final temp. (Kelvin)

-Example

A 5.OL rigid container holds a gas with a P of

122.25kPa and a T of 86°C. What was the initial

T(°C), if the original P was l.OSatm?

P1= 1.OSatm x 101.3kPa

1 atm

= 106.4kPa

T, _ ?

P2 = 122.25kPa

T2 =860C + 273 = 359K

1.00 atm is heated from 20.0 °C to 30.0 °C.

2. A gas has a pressure of 0.370 atm at 50.0 °C. What is the

pressure at standard temperature?

temperature at standard pressure?

kept constant what final pressure would result if the original

pressure was 750.0 mm Hg?

atmospheres to 16.0 atmospheres and its original temperature was

25.0 °C, what would the final temperature of the gas be?

20.0 °C is placed inside an oven whose temperature is 50.0 °C. The

pressure inside the container at 20.0 °C was at 3.00 atm. What is

the pressure of the nitrogen after its temperature is increased?

- states that the V of any gas is directly

proportional to its n if P and T held constant

- math formula:

V - V2

nl n2

- math similar to Charles' law

Calculations

gas is increased to 1.80 mol, what new volume will result (at an

unchanged temperature and pressure)?

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