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# 1. The gas turbine has an overall pressure ratio of 5:1 and the maximum cycle temperature of 550°C.

the turbine drives the compressor and an electric generator. The mechanical efficiency of drive
being 0.97. The ambient temperature (temperature of compressor intake) is 20° C and the
isentropic efficiencies of the compressor and turbine are 0.8 and 0.83 respectively. Calculate the
power output is kW for an air flow of 15 kg/s. Calculate also the thermal efficiency and the work
ratio. Neglect changes in kinetic energy, and the loss of pressure in combustion chamber. ( Ans:
555 kW, 12%, 0.168)
[Work Ratio = Net Work/Gross Work]
2. In a gas turbine plant, air is compressed through a pressure ratio of 6:1 from 15 C. It is then heated
to the maximum permissible temperature of 750 °C and expanded in two stages each of expansion
ratio 6^ (0.5), the air being reheated between stages to 750°C. A heat exchanger allows the
heating of the compressed gases through 75% of the maximum range possible. (hint: this means
effectiveness). Calculate:
a. The cycle efficiency
b. Work ratio
c. Work per kg of air
The isentropic efficiencies of the compressor and turbine are 0.8 and 0.85 respectively.
[ Ans: 32.75%, 0.3852, 152 kJ/kg]

At the design speed of the following data apply to a gas turbine set employing the heat exchanger:
Isentropic efficiency of compressor = 75%, isentropic efficiency of the turbine = 85%, mechanical
transmission efficiency = 99%, combustion efficiency = 98%, mass flow = 22.7 kg/s, pressure ratio = 6:1,
heat exchanger effectiveness = 75%, maximum cycle temperature = 1000 K.
the ambient air temperature and pressure are 15° C and 101.30 kPa respectively. Calculate:
d. The net power out
e. Specific fuel consumption
f. Thermal efficiency
take the lower calorific value of fuel as 43125 kJ/kg and assume no pressure loss in heat
exchanger and combustion chamber.
Hint:
[Qin = combustion efficiency * mass flow of fuel* calorific value]
[Net power output = (work done by turbine – work done by compressor) * mechanical
transmission efficiency
3. A steam power plant equipped with regenerative as well as reheat arrangement is supplied with
steam to the HP turbine at 80 bar and 470° C. For feed heating, a part of steam is extracted at 7
bar and remainder of the steam is reheated to 350°C in a reheater and then expanded in LP
turbine down to 0.035 bar. Determine:
a. Heat supplied in boiler and reheater
b. Cycle efficiency
c. Power developed by the system
The steam supplied by the boiler is 50 kg/s

4. The following particulars refer to a steam plant consisting of a boiler, economizer and a super
heater. Steam pressure = 14 bar, mass of steam generated = 5000 kg/h; Mass of coal used = 675
kg/h; Calorific value of coal = 29,800 kJ/kg; Temperature of feed water entering the economizer
= 30°C; Temperature of feed water leaving the economizer = 130°C; Dryness fraction of steam
leaving the boiler = 0.97; Temperature of steam leaving the super heater = 320°C. Determine
a. overall efficiency of the plant,
b. the percentage of the available heat utilized in the boiler, economizer and super heater
respectively.