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# BEE 2123

## SOALAN DALAM BAHASA INGGERIS

Q1 (a) Describe what are some concerns need to consider before, doing and after
doing measurement.
(10 marks)

(b) Calculate the maximum percentage error in the sum of two voltage
measurements when V1 = 10V ± 1% and V2 = 8V ± 5% .
(5 marks)

## (c) A 470 Ω resistance with an accuracy of ± 10% carries a current of 10 mA . The

current was measured by using analog ammeter on a 25 mA range with an
accuracy of ± 2% of full scale. Calculate the power dissipated in the resistor, and
determine the accuracy of the result.
(10 marks)

Q2 (a) Draw an ammeter circuit that has a permanent magnet moving coil (PMMC)
instruments with a coil resistance of Rm and shunt resistance Rs .
(5 marks)

(b) If the ammeter in Q2(a) has full scale deflection (FSD) current of
I m = 1mA with a coil resistance of Rm =1kΩ and shunt Rs = 20 Ω .
Determine the total current passing through the ammeter at 0.75 FSD.
(5 marks)

(c) Calculate the required shunt resistance value to convert the PMMC in
Q2(b) into an ammeter with FSD = 100 mA .
(5 marks)
(d) If the PMMC in Q2(a) is to be converted into a voltmeter. Draw this
voltmeter circuit with series resistance Rs and coil resistance of Rm .

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BEE 2123

(5 marks)

## (e) Determine the required series resistance, Rs , if the voltmeter in

Q2(c) is to measure 50V at full scale.
(5 marks)

Q3 Half-wave rectifier may be used with a PMMC instrument and a series resistor for ac
voltage measurements. A series resistance (Rs) and a shunt resistor (Rsh) are included to
ensure a satisfactory rectifier forward current level. The additional rectifier (D2)
minimizes reverse leakage current through D1.

(5 marks)

## (b) If a PMMC instrument with FSD = 100 µA and Rm = 2kΩ is used in

the half-wave rectifier voltmeter circuit in Q3(a). The silicon diode (D1) must
have a minimum (peak) forward current of 500 µA and VF = 0.7V when the
measured voltage is 50% of FSD. The voltmeter is to indicate 50V rms (root
mean square) at full scale. Calculate the value of the shunt resistor, R sh and the
series resistance, Rs.
(5 marks)

## (c) The half-wave rectifier voltmeter circuit in Q3(a), can be converted to

full-wave rectifier voltmeter circuit with an add the two diode, D3 and D4.
Draw this full-wave rectifier voltmeter circuit.
(5 marks)
(d) Calculate the series resistance value required of this full-wave rectifier
voltmeter circuit in Q3(b) and Q3(c).
(5 marks)

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BEE 2123

(e) Calculate the pointer indications for the voltmeter in Q3(d), when the
rms input voltage is 75V.
(5 marks)

Q4 An ac bridge has these values: R1 in parallel with C1 in the first branch, R2 in series
with C2 in the second branch, C3 in the third branch, and Z x is an unknown
component in the fourth branch.

## (a) Draw this ac bridge.

(5 marks)

(b) Derive equations for an unknown component in the fourth branch, and
final what connection of this unknown component; either series or parallel.
(10 marks)

## (c) If this ac bridge in Q4(b) is balanced on 1 kHz with these values:

R1 = 1kΩ; C1 = 0.1µF ; R2 = 2kΩ; C2 = 0.2 µF ; C = 0.3µF . Determine the
value of this unknown component in the fourth branch.
(10 marks)

## Q5 (a) Figure Q5(a) shows basic diagram of an oscilloscope.

(i) Identify numbered components in the Figure Q5(a).
(4 marks)
(ii) Explain the operation of the oscilloscope.
(5 marks)

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BEE 2123

## (b) A Lissajous pattern as in Figure Q5(b) is displayed on the oscilloscope screen

when the time/div switch is set to X-Y mode and Channel 1 (vertical or X input)
is connected to a function generator with the following settings:
- waveform: sinusoidal
- amplitude : 5V
- frequency : 3 kHz
Draw the waveform of the Channel 2 (horizontal or Y input) displayed on the
screen of the oscilloscope if the oscilloscope graticule is 8 by 10 pair division
and the settings of are as follows:
- Channel 1 volt/div : 2 V
- Channel 2 volt/div : 2 V
- time/div : 50 ms
(7 marks)

## (c) A digital voltmeter is going to be constructed which is able to measure up to

100VDC.
(i) Draw a block diagram showing all components of the digital
voltmeter.
(4 marks)
(ii) Explain the operation of the digital voltmeter by explaining the function
of its components.
(5 marks)

## Q6 (a) A resistive position transducer with a resistance of 10 kΩ and a shaft stroke of 8

cm with a bridge circuit is used to measure the bumpiness of a roadway by
moving it to the right as shown in Figure Q6(a). The initial position to be used
as a reference point is when the shaft is at midstroke like in the Figure.
(i) Draw the equivalent circuit of the system.

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BEE 2123

(3 marks)

(ii) Derive the formula for Vout in terms of the value of resistors in the circuit.
(4 marks)

(iii) What is the value of Vout when the shaft of the transducer is at initial
position?
(2 marks)

(iv) What will the value of Vout be if the shaft has reached point A?
(4 marks)

(b) Figure Q6(b) shows a magnetic flowmeter to measure liquid flow velocity in a
pipe. The diameter of the pipe is 25 cm while magnetic field strength generated
by the permanent magnet is 2 T, Find the electromotive force generated if the
flow velocity is 10 m/s.
(6 marks)

## (c) A platinum resistance thermometer has a resistance of 150Ω at 20°C. Calculate

its resistance at 100°C (α 20 = 0.00392).
(6 marks)

PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR
SEMESTER/SESI : I/2007/2008 KURSUS : BEP, BET,
BEM,BER
MATAPELAJARAN : PENGALATAN DAN KOD MATAPELAJARAN : BEE 2123
PENGUKURAN ELEKTRIK

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BEE 2123

Vertical Delay
Amplifier Line
Input 

  
−VE
Trigger Time Base Horizontal
Circuit Generator Amplifier High
Voltage
Low
Voltage

+VE
Rajah S5(a)/Figure Q5(a)

## Rajah S5(b)/Figure Q5(b)

PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR
SEMESTER/SESI : I/2007/2008 KURSUS : BEP, BET,
BEM,BER
MATAPELAJARAN : PENGALATAN DAN KOD MATAPELAJARAN : BEE 2123
PENGUKURAN ELEKTRIK

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BEE 2123

resistive position
transducer

V out

conducting
strip 5kΩ
10kΩ 12V
5kΩ

shaft
A 2 cm

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