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EFFECT

OF Ti AND Si ON THE MICROSTRUCTURAL


CHANGES OF EUTECTIC Al-Si ALLOY
Secil Demirkesen 1 , Ozen Gursoy 1 , Caglar Yuksel2 , Eray Erzi1 , Derya Dispinar1
secildemirkesen@gmail.com ozen.gursoy@gmail.com cyuksel@yildiz.edu.tr eerzi@istanbul.edu.tr deryad@istanbul.edu.tr
1
Istanbul University, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, 34320 Avcilar, Turkey
2 Yildiz Technical University, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, 34220, Davutpasa, Turkey

ABSTRACT

In recent years, increasing applications for cast Al–Si alloys are particularly driven by the need for lightweighting components in the automotive sector. Eutectic
modification is a common process performed in aluminium–silicon based foundry alloys primarily to improve mechanical properties, particularly tensile
elongation, by promoting a structural refinement of the inherently brittle eutectic silicon phase. On the other hand, grain refinement of aluminium alloys
increases fluidity and feedability; and thus higher mechanical properties and decreased porosity is achieved.
Typically, various ratios of Ti-B is used as grain refiner.

OBJECTIVE is to investigate the effect of grain rafinement and modification on the microstructure Thick Middle Thin
at temperature of 650 ºC and 700 ºC.
Table 1: Chemical compos ition of A413 (Etial-140).

As-Received
Alloy Si Cu Fe Mn Mg Zn Ti Al

A413 12,4 0,1 0,6 0,4 0,1 0,1 0,15 Bal.

Ø Ratio of %1 wt. grain rafiner (Al-5Ti-1B) and/or ratio of %0,03 wt. modificator (Al-10Sr) master
alloys were added into the melt at 650 ºC and 700 ºC.

Sr added
Ø After 15 min. the melt was poured into sand mould
Ø Samples wit three different section levels were achieved.
Ø Then, metallographic examination was made for them. Dimentions of samples were 40x40x5,
40x40x10 and 40x40x20.
Ti added
Sr and Ti added

Fig. 1: Sample with three different s ection levels .

Thick Middle Thin


As-Received

Fig. 4: View of micros tuructural change with Sr and/ or Ti addition at temperature of 700 ºC.
Sr added

Fig. 2: Changing of ratio of eutectic phas e with thicknes s and temperature of 700 ºC.
Ti added

CONCLUSIONS
Sand casting of 413 Al-12 Si eutectic alloy microstructure is not affected by
section thickness. Dendrite size, eutectic phase ratio and Si particle size
remained unchanged for 5, 10 and 20 mm section thickness.
Sr and Ti added

When casting temperature is increased from 650 to 750 o C, eutectic modification


was hindered.

Ti addition is effective on microstructure when low pouring temperature is


Fig. 2: View of micros tuructural change with Sr and/ or Ti addition at temperature of 650 ºC. selected.

Eutectic phase modification is increased in all section thicknesses when Sr and


Ti are added together to the melt.

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