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# G2

F.Sc.XI PHYSICS Ch # 5 + 9
01-03-2016 14 15 MINUTES
Q#1 Encircle the best option. 14
i. Radius of geo-stationary orbit form center of earth is nearly:
(a) 42300 km (b) 36000 km (c) 24000 km (d) 18000 km
ii. When a body moves in a circle, the angle between its linear velocity and angular velocity is always:
(a) 180o (b) 0 o (c) 90 o (d) 45 o
1
iii. If a car moves with a uniform speed of 2 ms in a circle of radius 0.4m. Its angular speed is:
iv. The shaft of a motor rotates at a constant angular speed of 360rev/min. Angle turned through in 1 s in
(a)  (b) 3 (c) 6 (d) 12
v. A body of 2 kg is suspended from the ceiling of an elevator moving up with an acceleration g. its apparent
weight in the elevator will be:
(a) 9.8 N (b) 19.6 N (c) 129.4 N (d) 39.2 N
vi. One geostationary satellite covers a longitude of:
(a) 270o (b) 120o (c) 90o (d) 360o
vii. The speed of a disc at the bottom of inclined plane can be given by:
4 3gh
(a) gh (b) gh (c) 2gh (d)
3 4
viii. When crest of one wave falls over the trough of the other wave, this phenomenon is known as:
(a) Polarization (b) Constructive interference
(c) Destructive interference (d) Diffraction
ix. In an interference pattern:
(a) Bright fringes are wider than dark fringes (b) Dark fringes are wider than bright fringe
(c) Both dark and bright fringes are of equal width (d) Central fringes are brighter than the outer fringes
x. The wavelength of X-rays is of the order of:
(a) 10Ao (b) 1000Ao (c) 1Ao (d) 100Ao
xi. Which one of the following cannot be polarized?
(a) Radio waves (b) Ultraviolet rays (c) X-rays (d) Sound waves
xii. When a ray of light enters in glass from air:
(a) its wavelength increases (b) its wavelength decreases
(c) its frequency increases (d) its frequency decreases
xiii. Confining light into one plane of vibration is called:
(a) diffraction (b) reflection (c) polarization (d) scattering
xiv Sodium Chloride in flame gives out pure:
(a) Blue light (b) Yellow light (c) Red light (d) White light

## Q#2 Write short answer of the following questions. 2×10=20

i Explain what is meant by centripetal force and why it must be furnished to an object if the object to follow a
circular path?
ii. How the artificial gravity is produced?
iii. Describe what should be the minimum velocity, for a satellite, to orbit close to the earth around it.
iv. A disc without slipping rolls down a hill of height 10.0 m. if the disc starts from rest at the top of the hill, what is
its speed at the bottom?
v. Why does a diver change his body position before and after diving in the pool?
vi. How is the distance between interference fringes affected by the separation between the slits of Young’s
experiment? Can fringes disappear?
vii. Define constructive and destructive interference of light and also write down their conditions.
viii. How would you manage to get more orders of spectra using diffraction grating?
ix. What is diffraction grating?
x. Why the polarized sunglasses are better than ordinary sunglasses?
Q#3 a) Discuss the diffraction of X-rays by crystals. 05
b) A body of moment of inertia I = 0.80 kgm2 about a fixed axis, rotates with a constant angular velocity of
100 rad s1. Calculate its angular momentum “L” and the torque to sustain this motion. 03
Q#4 a) Define real and apparent weight and also discuss their cases. 50
b) Blue light of wavelength 480 nm illuminates a diffraction grating. The second order image is formed at
an angle of 30o from the central image. How many lines in a centimeter of the grating have been ruled? 03