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PIPELINE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

WPS NUMBER: ENB-MA-WPS-3 REV.0 AUGUST 11, 2014

REVISION LOG
REV. NO. 0:

SCOPE
This welding procedure specification details the procedure to be followed for SMAW /
Mechanized FCAW Up, section & tie-in field butt welding of pipe as required by CSA
Standard Z662, Oil and Gas Pipeline Systems. This procedure uses CRC Evans Welding
Equipment and includes a provision for Mechanized Gas Shielded FCAW Up for fill and cap
passes.
Normative References: This welding procedure specification was prepared in accordance to CSA
Z662-11 and incorporates by undated references, provisions from other publications. Revision to
this specification is not required unless subsequent referenced code and or specification additions
include changes to essential welding variables.
Service Restrictions: Sweet
Temperature Restrictions: Notch Toughness Tested to -5°C (23°F)

1. WELDING PROCESS & METHOD


1.1. Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) - manual method- Root, Hotpass & Lincoln LHD First Fill.
1.2. Flux Core Arc Welding (FCAW) Remaining Fill(s) & Cap- mechanized method.

2. BASE MATERIAL
2.1. Composition: This specification applies to pipe and/or component material manufactured in
accordance with, or listed as "Acceptable Alternative Materials" in any of the following
standards:
CSA Z662, Oil and Gas Pipeline Systems
CAN/CSA-Z245.1, Steel Line Pipe
CAN/CSA-Z245.11, Steel Fittings
CAN/CSA-Z245.12, Steel Flanges
CAN/CSA-Z245.15, Steel Valves
2.2. Pipe Grades: 483 MPa (SMYS) or less
2.3. Wall Thickness Qualified: 4.0 to 14.25 mm (0.157 to 0.561 in.) inclusive.
2.4. Pipe Diameters Qualified: 457 mm (18 in.) O.D. minimum
2.5. Carbon Equivalent: 0.33% maximum

3. FILLER METAL CLASSIFICATION & SIZE


3.1. Root Pass: E6010; 3.2 to 4.8 mm (1/8 to 3/16 in.)
3.2. Hot Pass: E8010-G; 4.0 to 6.4 mm (5/32 to 1/4 in.)
3.3. Fill Pass 1: E8045-P2 H4R (Lincoln LH D80); 3.2 to 4.8mm (1/8 to 3/16 in.)
3.4. Remaining Fill Pass(s): E81T1-GM (Lincoln Pipeliner 81M) 1.2mm (0.047in.)
3.5. Cap pass: E81T1-GM (Lincoln Pipeliner 81M) 1.2mm (0.047in.)

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ENB-MA-WPS-3

4. JOINT GEOMETRY
4.1. Joint Type: Groove - Single Vee Butt
4.2. Bevel Angle: 30°, +6° / -1.5°
4.3. Root Face: 1.6mm (0.063 in. ), +/- 0.8mm (0.031 in.)
4.4. Root Gap: 3.2mm (0.125 in. ), +/- 1.6mm (0.063 in.)
4.5. The surfaces to be welded shall be smooth, uniform, free of fins, laminations, tears, scale, slag,
grease, paint or other foreign matter, which may adversely affect the welding.

5. POSITION & DIRECTION OF WELDING


5.1. Position: Pipe horizontal, fixed position (5G)
5.2. Direction of Welding: Root, Hotpass & First Fill Pass: Vertical Down
Remaining Fill(s) and Cap Passes: Vertical Up

6. PREHEATING, INTERPASS TEMPERATURE & CONTROLLED COOLING


6.1. Butt Welds: A minimum preheat temperature of 120°C (250°F) shall be applied to an area at
least 51 mm (2.0 in.) on each side of the weld joint for its entire circumference prior to welding.
6.2. During root and second pass welding, under no circumstances shall the minimum temperature
fall below the minimum interpass temperature from the start of the root pass until after the
completion of the second pass. Reheating is permitted before the start of the fill/cap passes.
6.3. If the interpass temperature falls below the minimum preheat temperature after completion of
the second pass, the entire weld joint shall be heated to the minimum preheat temperature prior
to starting the next weld pass.
6.4. The maximum interpass temperature shall not exceed 204°C (400°F).
6.5. Preheating may be applied by oxy-fuel torch, propane torch, electrical induction coils or any
other method approved by the owner.
6.6. Temperature of the joint shall be verified using temperature indicating crayons, thermocouples,
pyrometers or other suitable method.
6.7. Where applicable, precautions shall be taken through the use of insulating covers or other
means to control the cooling rate of the weld after any pass.

7. POSTWELD HEAT TREATMENT


Welds prepared in accordance with this specification shall not be subjected to postweld heat
treatment.

8. SHIELDING GAS
8.1. Root, Hotpass & Fill 1: N/A
8.2. Remaining Fill(s) & Cap Pass(es): 75/25 Argon/CO2 @ 23.6 to 28.3 LPM (50 to 60 CFH)

9. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
9.1. Current Type: Direct current, reverse polarity (DCRP)
9.2. Voltage, amperage & travel speed: See Table #1
9.3. Heat Input: See Table #1

10. TECHNIQUE
10.1. Minimum number of welders: Two for all passes.
10.2. String or Weave:
Bead Root, Hotpass & Fill 1-String
Fill & Cap-Weave
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ENB-MA-WPS-3

10.3. Number of Weld Layers: Five layers minimum.


10.4. Type of line-up clamp & removal: Internal line-up clamps shall be used wherever practicable
and shall not be removed until the root bead is completed.
10.5. Movement shall be minimized until the required hot pass on the bottom has been completed
as per table below.
Pipe Outside Diameter (OD) Minimum Length of Second Pass
610 mm and Greater 250 mm
Less than 610 mm to 323.9 mm
150mm
inclusive
Less than 323.9 mm Not Required

10.6. When external line-up clamps are used, the root bead shall be uniformly spaced around the
circumference of the joint and, where practicable, shall have a cumulative length of at least
50% of the circumference prior to removal.
10.7. Cleaning methods: Hand or power tools may be used. Each pass shall be thoroughly cleaned
and free of slag and scale prior to depositing the next weld layer. The completed weld shall be
brushed and free of spatter.
10.8. Finish Profile: The completed weld shall have a substantially uniform cross-section for its entire
circumference. The crown of the weld shall not be below the surface of the adjacent base
metal.
10.9. The time and interval requirements for each welding pass is as follows:
Interval Time
Root pass to hot pass 10 minutes maximum
Hot pass to fill 1 60 minutes maximum
24 Hours maximum (Unless otherwise Authorized by
Fill 1 to completion
Enbridge Assigned Designate)

11. REMOVAL AND REPAIR OF DEFECTS


11.1. Repairable areas are restricted to the weld cap and shall be removed by grinding. Welding of
such repairable areas shall be performed following the details outlined in this specification.
11.2. Subsurface weld repairs shall be made in accordance with WPS# EPI-11-WP9 Rev.1.

12. ATTACHMENTS
12.1. Procedure Qualification Test Records: E2H-MA-11.4-1
12.2. Laboratory Test Reports: E14-413.1
12.3. Radiographic, Automated Ultrasonic & MPI Examination Results:
CRC Evans RT Report: 1071U (E2H-MA-11.4-1)
Applus RTD AUT Report: E2H-MA-11.4/15.9-WPQ
12.4. Material Test Reports: Evraz Heat No.514112

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ENB-MA-WPS-3
TABLE #1
WELDING PARAMETERS
Electrode
Size Wire Speed Amperage Voltage Travel Speed
mm AWS mm/min Range Range mm/min OSC/ Heat Input
Pass Process (in.) Class (in/min) Amperes volts (in./min) BPM kJ/mm (J/in.)
4.0mm 215-349 0.50-1.14
Root SMAW E6010 NA 104-191 17.9-32.5 NA
(5/32) (8.5 – 13.7) (12700-28956)
Hot 4.8mm 320-508 0.55 – 1.15
SMAW E8010-G NA 151-245 19.6-40 NA
Pass (3/16) (12.6 -20) (13970-29210)
4.0mm 197-300 0.76 – 1.57
Fill-1 SMAW *E8045-P2 H4R NA 166-275 14.9-28.6 NA
(5/32) (7.7-11.8) (19304-39878)
Fill(s) Mech.- 1.2mm 5029-7645 120-280 As 0.96 – 2.13
**E81T1-GM 142-264 18.1-28.5
Mech. FCAW (0.047) (198-301) (4.7-11.0) Req. (24384-54102)
Cap(s) Mech.- 1.2mm 4623-7010 102-210 As 1.11-2.56
**E81T1-GM 129-240 18.2-28.6
Mech. FCAW (0.047) (182-276) (4.0-8.3) Req. (28194-65024)

* - Lincoln LH-D80
**- Lincoln Pipeliner 81M

Note #1 - The use of stripper passes is optional, however welding parameters must remain
within the parameters of the above table.

Note#2 - Maximum cap height above adjacent parent material: 2.5mm for W.T.≤ 10.0mm.
3.5mm for W.T. >10.0 mm. (+1mm permitted in localized areas).

13. JOINT GEOMETRY

Schematic of Joint Design Pass Sequence


Cap (S)
+6/ -1.5 (Mechanized-
FCAW)

Fill(S)
(Mechanized-
FCAW)

Fill1 (SMAW)

Hotpass
(SMAW)

3.2mm ± 1.6mm 1.6mm±08mm Root (SMAW)

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PQR No.
Procedure Qualification Record E2H-MA-11.4-1 (1071-U)
Semi-Mechanized Tie-In Weld - F1 SMAW Low Hydrogen Downhill Sheet 1 of 1 Rev. 2
Material Specification CSA Z245.1-07 Client Enbridge
Type or Grade Gr. 483 CAT I M5C Project E2H Project
Nominal Thickness 11.4mm to 11.4mm %C Not Applicable
Nominal Diameter 914.4mm to 914.4mm CE 0.280
Manufacturer(s) Evraz to Evraz Pcm Not Applicable
Heat Number(s) 514112 to 514112

Welding Parameters
Pass No. Units Root Hot Pass Fill 1 Remaining Fills Caps
Travel Direction Vertical Down Vertical Down Vertical Down Vertical Up Vertical Up
El./Wire Manufacturer Lincoln Electric Lincoln Electric Lincoln Electric Lincoln Electric Lincoln Electric
El./Wire Trade Name Fleetweld 5P+ Shield-Arc 70+ Pipeliner LH-D80 Pipeliner 81M Pipeliner 81M
El./Wire Classification E6010 E8010-G/P1 E8045-P2 H4R E81T1-GM E81T1-GM
El./Wire Heat Number Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
El./Wire Diameter (mm) 4.0 4.8 4.0 1.2 1.2
Gas Flow Rate (LPM) Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable 23.6 28.3 23.6 28.3
Shielding Gas Type (%) Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable 75%Ar/25%CO2 75%Ar/25%CO2
C.T.W.D (mm) Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable 9.5 19.0 9.5 19.0
Oscillation Rate (BPM) As Required As Required As Required As Required As Required
Oscillation Width (mm) As Required As Required As Required As Required As Required
Dwell Time (sec) As Required As Required As Required As Required As Required
Head Angle As Required As Required As Required As Required As Required
Equipment Type Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable P-260 P-260
Welding Process SMAW SMAW SMAW FCAW-G FCAW-G
Welding Position 5G/Fixed 5G/Fixed 5G/Fixed 5G/Fixed 5G/Fixed
Electrical Current/Polarity DCEP DCEP DCEP DCEP DCEP

Schematic of Joint Design Pass Sequence

30°

1.1mm - 2.0mm

Pass No. Units Root Hot Fill 1 Fill 2 Cap


Max Amps (A) 178 211 237 220 200
Min Amps (A) 125 175 189 178 161
Max Volts (V) 28.0 35.0 24.5 23.7 23.8
Min Volts (V) 21.0 24.0 18.0 22.6 22.8
Max WFS (mm/min) N/A N/A N/A 6,375 5,842
Min WFS (mm/min) N/A N/A N/A 6,274 5,766
Max Travel Speed (mm/min) 393 497 288 234 175
Min Travel Speed (mm/min) 182 345 187 150 127
Max Heat Input (kJ/mm) 1.64 1.28 1.86 1.78 2.13
Min Heat Input (kJ/mm) 0.40 0.51 0.71 1.20 1.39
Max Interpass o
( C) N/A 133 184 131 130
Notes
CW Side Welded By Trevor Wilson CCW Side Welded By Chris Schubert
Welding Power Supplies Miller XMT 350 - Root, Hot, Fills, and Cap
Method of Heating Propane Location of Seams N/A
Grinding Power Grinder as needed Cleaning Power Brush as needed
Clamp/Released After 50% Completion of the Root Pass Minimum Preheat 121°C
Fronius Program Not Applicable
Comments:

Prepared By Ian M. Murphy


This information is the proprietary property of CRC-Evans Automatic Welding, which contains trade secrets and/or know how and may only be used in conjunction with equipment rented from
CRC-Evans Automatic Welding.
Reporting and Mill Certificates

Date: April 24, 2014


Customer: ENBRIDGE PIPELINES INC.
Specification: Enbridge Submerged-Arc-Welded Steel Pipe
Specification Supplementary to CSA Z245.1-07 EES102-
2010 Revision 1 March 4, 2010 and CSA Z245.1-07.
Product: 914.4 mm OD x 11.4 mm WT, Grade 483 CAT I
EVRAZ Changeover L-314E
Mill Order: TU-001156
Customer P.O.: P4000-12652-2W
Mill Certificate: EVRAZ Certification Package ID 5686
All supplied pipe have been manufactured, sampled, tested, and inspected in
accordance with the requirements of the Enbridge Submerged-Arc-Welded Pipe
Specification Supplementary to CSA Z245.1-07 EES102-2010 Rev.1 and CSA Z245.1-
07 and was found to have met such requirements.

EES102-2010 Clause 17 Certification

17.2 Reported on Mill Certificate (Chemistry).


17.3 Reported on Mill Certificate (Chemistry).
17.4 Reported on Mill Certificate (Chemistry).
17.8 a) Reported on Mill Certificates (All).
17.8 b) Reported on Mill Certificates (Microhardness Test & Tensile).
17.8 c) Reported on Mill Certificate (Tensile).
17.8 d) Reported on Mill Certificate (Tensile).
17.8 e) Non-destructive inspection was performed in accordance with, and met the
requirements of Enbridge Submerged-Arc-Welded Pipe Specification
Supplementary to CSA Z245.1-07 EES102-2010 Rev. 1 and CSA Z245.1-
07.
17.8 f) Reported on Heat to Pipe Correlation.
17.8 g) Pipe have been manufactured in accordance with the approved EVRAZ
Manufacturing Procedure Specification Enbridge E2H Project Revision 2
January 20, 2014, CSA Z245.1-07, and Enbridge Submerged-Arc-Welded
Pipe Specification Supplementary to CSA Z245.1-07 EES102-2010 Rev. 1.
17.8 h) Not applicable.

David Crone
Quality Assurance Manager – Regina Tubular
CC: File
Page 1
04/24/2014 13:28:17
EVRAZ Regina
Certificate ID: 5686
CERTIFICATE OF TESTING Form No: L 4443
Spiral Mill Microhardness Test Heat Qualifiers
Diameter: 914.400 Customer PO: P4000126522W
Customer: ENBRIDGE PIPELINES INC. mm Wall Thickness: 11.400 mm Grade: 483 CAT I
Specification: CSA Z245.1-07 / ENBRIDGE SPECIFICATION EES102-2010 REV 1 Mill Order No: TU001156

Changeover Heat Coil Pipe Test Type Scale MS PM PM PM HAZ HAZ HAZ WMZ WMZ WMZ HAZ HAZ HAZ PM PM PM
Supplier: EVRAZ REGINA
L-314E 495826 A0175 10114 QUAL INITIAL Vickers OK OD 237 224 247 229 212
MID 245 227 237 218 229
ID 241 245 205 222 231
L-314E 514112 A0073 40063 QUAL INITIAL Vickers OK OD 208 227 249 243 210
MID 229 213 239 213 224
ID 224 222 226 202 239

MS = Micro Structure We certify that the product described above has


been manufactured, sampled,inspected, and
tested in accordance to the referenced specification.
Measurement Taken In HV500 The product has been found to be in compliance
with all requirements.

Quality Assurance
form cipr8773
Page 1
04/24/2014 13:28:20
EVRAZ Regina
Certificate ID: 5686
CERTIFICATE OF TESTING Form No: L 4444
Spiral Mill Tensile
Diameter: 914.400 Customer PO: P4000126522W
Customer: ENBRIDGE PIPELINES INC. mm Wall Thickness: 11.400 mm Grade: 483 CAT I
Specification: CSA Z245.1-07 / ENBRIDGE SPECIFICATION EES102-2010 REV 1 Mill Order No: TU001156

Test Width Yield Strength Tensile Strength % Elongation Y/T Weld Break
Changeover Heat Coil Pipe Test Type Orientation (mm) (MPa) (MPa) 50 mm Uniform (mm)
Supplier: EVRAZ REGINA
L-314E 495826 A0175 10114 QUAL INITIAL PIPE TPA 38.21 516 659 40.0 .78
L-314E 495826 A0175 10114 QUAL INITIAL PIPE TWA 38.19 713 28.0
L-314E 514112 A0073 40063 QUAL INITIAL PIPE TPA 38.16 510 646 40.0 .79
L-314E 514112 A0073 40063 QUAL INITIAL PIPE TWA 38.11 715 26.0

TPA - Transverse Pipe Axis Hydrostatic Parameters: Pressure: 11400 KPA Hydro(%): 95.0 Hold Time: 10 sec. We certify that the product described above has
LPA - Longitudinal Pipe Axis been manufactured, sampled,inspected, and
Guided Bend Tests Were Performed In Accordance With
TWA - Transverse Weld Axis tested in accordance to the referenced specification.
LRD - Longitudinal Rolling Direction And Meet The Requirements Of The Above Specification. The product has been found to be in compliance
TRD - Transverse Rolling Direction with all requirements.
FST - Full Section (Width is the Diameter)

Quality Assurance
form cipr7874
Page 1
04/24/2014 13:28:15
EVRAZ Regina
Certificate ID: 5686
CERTIFICATE OF TESTING Form No: L 4442
Spiral Mill Chemistry
Diameter: 914.400 Customer PO: P4000126522W
Customer: ENBRIDGE PIPELINES INC. mm Wall Thickness: 11.400 mm Grade: 483 CAT I
Specification: CSA Z245.1-07 / ENBRIDGE SPECIFICATION EES102-2010 REV 1 Mill Order No: TU001156

Heat Changeover Coil Pipe Type C Mn S P Si Cu Ni Cr V Cb Sn Mo Al Ca B Ti N Ce CE ceq SoAl


Supplier: EVRAZ REGINA
495826 HEAT 0.05 1.72 0.002 0.009 0.27 0.21 0.07 0.22 0.001 0.079 0.008 0.116 0.041 0.0025 0.0001 0.017 0.007 0.000 0.26 0.035
495826 L-314E A0175 10114 PRODUCT 0.05 1.72 0.001 0.009 0.28 0.20 0.06 0.23 0.001 0.078 0.008 0.118 0.040 0.0022 0.0001 0.017 0.007 0.000 0.26 0.035
514112 HEAT 0.06 1.74 0.002 0.009 0.24 0.26 0.09 0.22 0.001 0.079 0.009 0.116 0.040 0.0031 0.0002 0.015 0.009 0.000 0.28 0.034
514112 L-314E A0073 40063 PRODUCT 0.06 1.78 0.002 0.009 0.24 0.26 0.09 0.23 0.001 0.077 0.009 0.117 0.040 0.0026 0.0001 0.015 0.009 0.000 0.28 0.034

We certify that the product described above has


Deoxidization Practice: Aluminum Fully Killed been manufactured, sampled,inspected, and
tested in accordance to the referenced specification.
Furnace: ELECTRIC ARC Casting: CONTINUOUS SLAB Rolling Mill: STECKEL The product has been found to be in compliance
with all requirements.

Quality Assurance
form cipr787F