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Truss

Design of

Members
Nyazi Tawfeeg_5th Structures
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Nyazi Tawfeeg _ 5th Structures


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Practice of structural steel design Design of Truss

Design Load
(Load combination)

Member Axial Force Force due to Combination


Length
Dead Life Wind
Name Notation
Load Load Load

-195.96 -245.65 172.42 -667.38 -323.03 45.43 2.975

-184.08 -230.76 162.81 -626.93 -302.44 43.85 2.975

-160.33 -200.99 142.33 -546.05 -262.79 38.93 2.975


Top Chord
-160.33 -200.99 143.60 -546.05 -261.26 40.71 2.975

-137.09 -171.86 123.59 -466.90 -222.43 35.94 2.975

-110.24 -138.20 100.28 -375.46 -177.79 30.15 2.975

192.12 240.83 -168.42 654.30 317.44 -43.67 4.375

174.65 218.94 -152.43 594.81 289.39 -38.75 4.375


Bottom
Chord 144.66 181.34 -124.97 492.67 241.24 -30.30 4.375

126.21 158.21 -108.08 429.83 211.61 -25.10 4.375

-12.55 -15.73 11.49 -42.74 -20.15 3.54 1.752

-18.82 -23.59 17.23 -64.09 -30.22 5.30 3.143

Strut -7.02 -8.80 6.43 -23.91 -11.27 1.98 1.759

-19.41 -24.33 17.77 -66.10 -31.16 5.47 2.761

-25.69 -32.21 23.52 -87.50 -41.26 7.24 4.135

7.47 9.36 -6.84 25.43 11.99 -2.11 1.871

18.82 23.59 -17.23 64.09 30.22 -5.30 3.742


Tie
18.41 23.08 -16.85 62.70 29.57 -5.18 3.274

36.42 45.66 -33.34 124.04 58.49 -10.26 3.517

 Load Combinations:  Notes:


Nyazi Tawfeeg _ 5th Structures

  Highlighted members are critical.


  Unsigned force indicates to Tension.
  Negative signed force indicates to Compression.



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Practice of structural steel design Design of Truss

Design of Top Chords

 Design Information

 Code of Practice BS 5950-1:2000

 Steel Grade S 275

 Continuity Top chords are one continues member.

 Member :

 Suggested Section Two angles (Hot-rolled).

 End connections Angles are connected through one leg and to both sides of Gusset plate.

 Connection Type Bolted connection (4 No. 30 mm diameter – Grade: 4.6 –in standard
clearance holes of non-preloaded bolts) in line along the angle.

 Design According to BS 5950-1:2000


1. Design for Compression:
 Selection of the section; (Green book)
Try Two Equal Angles ( 2/120 120 12   )

 Design Strength; (Table-9)


 Section classification; (Table-11)

 The section is semi-compact.

 Slenderness ratio; (Clause 4.7.2)


Nyazi Tawfeeg _ 5th Structures

 The slenderness is
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Practice of structural steel design Design of Truss

 Compressive strength; (Table-24/strut curve C)


 Compressive capacity; (clause 4.7.4)

 Section is satisfactory.

2. Check for Tension:


 Tension capacity; (clause 4.6.3)

 Section is satisfied.

3. Conclusion:
Provide 2 No.  angles

Nyazi Tawfeeg _ 5th Structures


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Practice of structural steel design Design of Truss

Design of Bottom Chords

 Design Information

 Code of Practice BS 5950-1:2000

 Steel Grade S 275

 Continuity Bottom chords are one continues member.

 Member :

 Suggested Section Two angles (Hot-rolled).

 End connections Angles are connected through one leg and to both sides of Gusset plate.

 Connection Type Bolted connection (4 No. 30 mm diameter – Grade: 4.6 –in standard
clearance holes of non-preloaded bolts) in line along the angle.

 Design According to BS 5950-1:2000


1. Design for Tension:
 Assume Design Strength; (Table-9)

 Selection of the section; (Green book)

Try Two Equal Angles ( 2/100 100 10   )

 Tension capacity; (clause 4.6.3)


Nyazi Tawfeeg _ 5th Structures

 Section is satisfactory.
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Practice of structural steel design Design of Truss

2. Check for Compression:


 Section classification; (Table-11)

 The section is semi-compact.

 Slenderness ratio; (Clause 4.7.2)

 The slenderness is

 Compressive strength; (Table-24/strut curve C)


 Compressive capacity; (clause 4.7.4)

 Section is satisfactory.

3. Conclusion:
Provide 2 No.  angles

Nyazi Tawfeeg _ 5th Structures


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Practice of structural steel design Design of Truss

Design of Struts

 Design Information

 Code of Practice BS 5950-1:2000

 Steel Grade S 275

 Member :

 Continuity Discontinues member.

 Suggested Section One angle (Hot-rolled).

 End connections Angle is connected through one leg to Gusset plate.

 Connection Type Bolted connection (3 No. 20 mm diameter – Grade: 4.6 –in standard
clearance holes of non-preloaded bolts) in line along the angle.

 Design According to BS 5950-1:2000


1. Design for Compression:
 Selection of the section; (Green book)
Try One Equal Angle (120 120 10 L )

 Design Strength; (Table-9)


 Section classification; (Table-11)

 The section is semi-compact.

 Slenderness ratio; (Clause 4.7.10.2)


Nyazi Tawfeeg _ 5th Structures
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Practice of structural steel design Design of Truss

 The slenderness is

 Compressive strength; (Table-24/strut curve C)


 Compressive capacity; (clause 4.7.4)

 Section is satisfactory.

2. Check for Tension:


 Tension capacity; (clause 4.6.3)

 Section is satisfied.

3. Conclusion:
Provide angle

 Note:
All Struts should be provided by the same angle ( L).

Nyazi Tawfeeg _ 5th Structures


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Practice of structural steel design Design of Truss

Design of Ties

 Design Information

 Code of Practice BS 5950-1:2000

 Steel Grade S 275

 Member :

 Continuity Discontinues member.

 Suggested Section One angle (Hot-rolled).

 End connections Angle is connected through one leg to Gusset plate.

 Connection Type Bolted connection (3 No. 24 mm diameter – Grade: 4.6 –in standard
clearance holes of non-preloaded bolts) in line along the angle.

 Design According to BS 5950-1:2000


1. Design for Tension:
 Assume Design Strength; (Table-9)

 Selection of the section; (Green book)

Try Single Equal Angle ( 90 90 8 L )

 Tension capacity; (clause 4.6.3)


Nyazi Tawfeeg _ 5th Structures

 Section is satisfactory.
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Practice of structural steel design Design of Truss

2. Check for Compression:


 Section classification; (Table-11)

 The section is semi-compact.

 Slenderness ratio; (Clause 4.7.10.2)

 The slenderness is

 Compressive strength; (Table-24/strut curve C)


 Compressive capacity; (clause 4.7.4)

 Section is satisfactory.

3. Conclusion:
Provide angle

 Note:
All Ties should be provided by the same angle ( L).

Nyazi Tawfeeg _ 5th Structures