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Tocynapersentoe o6pasonareabtioe yupextenme RRICITero TparheccuonamKHoro abparoRanus Mockonexuii dusnko-Texnuecknii Muerutyt (Pocyzapersennsiii Yunpepenrer) Ha npanax pykoren Lapon Cranueaar IOpreruy Pa3paGorka MeToJ0R NpOeKTHPORAHHA H OWeHKH TIpOH3BOAHTeEABHOCTH THOPHANBIX TeseKOMMYHHKalHOHHBIX cHcTeM Ha 6a3e 1a3epHoii H pasHo TexXHOJOrHii Tucceprauns Ha conckanue yuénoii crenenn KaHMAaTa TeXHHYeCKHX HayK cnenmaastocrs 05.12.13 — Crctemt, ceri mt yerpoiicrna TenekommynaKannit Hayunbiii pykosomurest JOKTOP TEXHHYECKHX Hayk, podeccop Bumuesckuii Bnaaumup Muponosny Mocksa - 2014 Ornaspnenne Baenenn 1 Tenaenuin paspuria TexHosornit FHOPHANBIX KAHAIOB CBABH...sseessnee 13 1.1 Jlasepubie u GecmpoBpogHble TEXHONOTHH ..scsensetnstensesnreeesee 13 1.2. Maammerpoppiii pannoxarian 16 1.3. Cranaapr Geenpososnoii cnasu IEEE 802.1 In. 23 1.4 PuGpwanere kananbi neperain HHopmanin Ha Gaze pao 1 1a3epHbIx TexHonorHii 39 2 Croco6si nepekmouenns 43 2.1 Mompoctnoii racrepesnc (PH, power hysteresis) 45 2.2 Bpemennoii ructepesic (TH, time hysteresis) 45 2.3 Puxorpanna (Filtering) 46 2.4 KoMOuHMpoBaHtble ANTOPHTMBL cesses 47 3 Maremaruueckas Moses ru6puqHOro GecrnpoBosHoro KaHasta CBS3H C XONOZHBIM pe3epBOM 48 3.1 Onucarine Maremaraiecknx Mozieaicti rHOpranoro GecnpoBosHoro kaHasta cBs3H 48 3.1.1 Craunonapioe pacnpexenenue nepontiocreli cocrosuii Heres .. 50 3.1.2. Marprano-anaauTHeckit MeTOn BBIHMCAeHHA CTAIMOHApHBIX BepostHocteli 54 3.1.3 Craumonaproe pacnpesenenue BepoaTHocteii cocrosuuit cHeTeMbI B Mpousposbubtii MoMeHT BpeMenH 59 60 3.1.5. XapakrepHcTHkn MpowsBomHTeMbHOCTH CHCTEMBI senses 63 3.1.4 Yeuopus cyulecrBopaHna crauMoHapHoro pexkHMa 4 Maremaruueckas Moses GecupoBoguoro ru6pusHoro KaHasa cBa3H ¢ Tops'tiM pesepBom 63 4.1 Cramuetuueckas o6paGorka MeTeoqaHHBIX H OTbICKAHHe yHKUHH pacripeyenenua MepHogos JocTyMHOCTH M HeAOCTYMHOCTH ONTHYECKOrO Kanal. 4.2 Onucanme maremarueckux Mogeseii ruGpuaHoro GecnpososHoro 68 4.2.1 Mapxoscxuii mpouecc, onmcbisaioumii cocrosHus cucTeMBt, 1 ycaoBHis 69 KaHavla CBA3H ¢ TOPAYHM pezepBOM.. aproqmanoctu. 4.2.2 CraunoHapHoe pacripeseneHe MapKoBcKoro mpouecca, 70 2 OnMcbIBaIOMero COCTOAHHs CHCTeEMBI 4.2.3 Xapakrepucruxu npouspoautesbHoctH cucreMst.. 5. Taker nporpam ,uis avanHTHYecKoro M MalIHHHOTO (MMITALMOHHOTO) MogleHponaHHa rHOpHAHOTO KaHama CBABH.. R 72 5.1 O6uice onueanne ynxuHoHana naKera nporpaMM 5.2. Apxurextypa mporpaMMioro KoMIuIeKca .. 5.2.1 Dpacuecknii nomsonatenseKnii unrepheiic 5.2.2 Konicompusili urephelic 5.3. Public APT nna rrammoneiicrrna co croponnmwn nporpanMmanit 79 5.4. Opkecrparop 5.4.1 Onnoparonbiti o6cHeT MOZEAT werner 19 80 81 82 84 86 87 87 88 89 90 91 5.4.2 Yepesuenne no HeckosbKAM HTepauHaM.... 5.4.3 Bapbiipopalive HHTeHCHBKOCTH BXO/ALINX MakeTOB.. 5.4.4 Bappuposarne semen nevekmouenna Mexkuty KaHataM, 5.4.5 Bapbupopanie napamerpos noro . 5.5 ynKnHonambHntit GnoK sua MMHTALHOHHOTO MoxemHpoRaHts. 5.5.1 TiaHnposinnk, 5.5.2 Berloorarerbubie Moyen: Mosles1b MorojibI H Mowe Tpaduka . 5.5.3 Mosenb ru6puanoro yerpolicrsa, 5.6 Baok BenomorarenbHioro dbyrkunowama.. 5.7 Oraagka 1 ontamasania anroparmo 5.8 Bxosiie napamerpst 102 . 107 109 6 Uncsenupie pesybrares.. BakmoyeHte ... Cnmeox namocrpauutii Creox surreparypt.. BpBegenne Cuctembi atmoctepHoii onrieckoit mini cps (AOJIC) pce akTHBHeli 3anoeRbIBAIOT PHIHOK GecMpoROAHBIX yeTpOiicTE CRKzH, OGeCTeUMBAIOILINX BBICOKYIO MponyckHyto chocoGHocts. Ha GoubIHX paccTOsHHsx OLTOBOMOKOHHBIe KaGeltH 110- Mpextiemy npeanourirenbiee su18 OGecreveHHA BBICOKO! CKopocTH epexatH aannbix. OnHako Saarosaps Tomy, uTo cHcTemp1 AOJIC sHauHTembHO zemIeRAe, a BpeMsl pasBepTbIBAHHis CHCTEMBI HAMHOTO MeHBIlIe, IIpHMeHeHHe 9TOH TexHOsIOrHHt BMECTO BONOKOHHOM ONTHKH CHHTaeTCA I¢xpeKTHBHBIM Ha PACcTOSHHAX 10 5 KM. Brarosapa pbicoxoii Hecymeli Yacrore, Haxonautelica B ananasone 300 TT, TeXHOTOTHs 1a3epHBIX aTMOCKepHBIX KeHaTOB MlOsBOmAeT Oye TRAST BBICOKOCKOPOCTHYIO NepeAYY AAHHBIX HeOOXOAUMYIO JLIA TAKUX MpHsIOXKEHHH, KAK MOTOKOBOE BUCO H 3BYK, BHLJIeO TIO 3arlpocy, KOHIpepeHuIcBs3b ¢ HCTIONB3OBAHHEM TeNeRMAMORHNIX KaHAMIOR HTL. ArMoctepHas orruueckas mH CRS Moker BhITh ‘TakOKe IIMPOKO HerIOs1bIORAHa UIA OPraHHBaLLHH KOpHlopaTHBNBIX ceTeit. OsHAKO TogoGHbIe OnTHYeCKHE GecIPOBOAHBIe AMHHM HOABEPKeHBI CHLIBHOMY BITHAHHIO CO CTOpOHBI cpestbi, 110 KOTOpoll pacripocrpanseTes! CHTHaM, KOTOpAS B AGCO:HOTHOM Soaburmnerre cmysaen apaseTcs 3emtas aTMociepa. CpesH Bcex haxTopon, ocnaSamomux curian B aTMochepHoii ontHMeckoii aMHHH, TyMaH BHOCHT HanGosbUInit BKIIAL, T-K. pasMep KaNleseK TYMaHa CpaBHHM ¢ JLIMHOI BOTHBI B MCNOAB3YeMOM ONTHYECKOM AHaMa30He; B TOKE BPeMA 3ATYXAHHE H3-3a LOKIA oTHOcHTemBHO MeHiee 31a4MMO JIA TAKUX GecrpOBOAHBIX ONTHYECKHX THM. CpasHHMyto BbICOKYI0 CKOpoeTs Mepese4H JaHHBIX MOxKeT OGecrlesHTb H pamuoxanan [1], HanpuMep, paqHoKaHan B MHJUIMMeTpoBOM aHanaz0He, paGoraioumit B aMariasone Yactor oF 30 0 300 FTu. Jbis TakHx pawoKanasion HaHGOubUy!o MpOGHeMy MpeCTABISHOT NOK, pay H MOKPBIli Her, SHAYHTESIBHO YMeHbIUas MOLUHOCTS CHTHALIa B PalHOKaHAsIe, OcoGeHHO BAXKHO OTMETHTb, 4TO ‘TYMAH He OKa3bIBAeT 3HAUHTeNLHOTO BIMAHHS Ha :pyHKUHOHUpoBanHe MHIHMeTpOBOTO pamHOKaHara, T.K, NOBBILLEHHAA BIKHOCTS BBISBIBACT 3ATYXAHHe mexee 4em 5 ab/KM. TuGpauibie cHcTeMbi cBs311 HaxoJsiT LIMpoKoe MpHMeHeHHe JIA peuTeHHist npoGsemst nocaesuelt Mit HB ad-hoc cersx. IIpHMerenne pasH4HBIx komOunauuii armocdepunix ontuueckux unui 1 pauoKasiana mpessiaraiuce Bo MHoxkecTBe OOuIACTeH, HANpHMep, GbilIO MIpeIOKEHO Herlo1b3OBAT FHOpHAAKBI Kanan copmectuo ¢ aspoctatamn [2], B MoGumbuBIx ad-hoc cerax [3], [4], copmectiio ¢ apyriMn HasemnbIMH 1 cryTHHKOBBIMA tHHHaMH cBssu [5], [6], [7], [8], [9], [10] 1.2. MIponexéH pay akcrlepuMenTos 110 cSopy craTHeTHKH paGorbI rHOpHsAHbIX cuctem. Tak, 8 paSore [11] 8 reverie 14 mecsuies coOmpanace craTHeTHKa JuIK 2ByX ay6aupyroumx apyr apyra katianos: AOJIC 1 siuimerposoro paquoKanaza. «JyGampyioume» B zaHHOM ciysae OsHAUAeT, 4TO OAHH H Te 7K AAHHBIE oHOBpeMeHHO MlepewaBasIHcb Mo ABYM MapaieABHbIM KaHAsIAM 1 HSMepsLICA KoobHUNeHT OcTyMHOCTH KaK JIA KAxOIi AMHHM B OT;CABHOCTH, TAK 1 jUIA BeCTO rnOpwaHoro Katana B uen0M. CornacHo co6panioli craTHcTHKe BpeMs ZocTynHOCTH THOpuanoro Kanana coctanusI0 99.93%, Iro sHauenme B GosbuINHeTRE cayuaeR IIpHeMuIeMo JLIs| HocTpoeHHa KOpHopaTHBHBIX cereli. RB nenow pacemarpuraiotes Ra ocHORHNX TMomxXona m8 NocTpOeHHs, rHOpuaHerx cuctem. Mepsstii 3akmouaetes B TOM, TO BCe BPeMs TaparsenbHO paGoraior oGe JMHHH, TEM caMBIM MpHBORs K HoTepe 50% AocTyNHOH NponycKHOT cnocoSHoctH, BbIsBaHHoil AyGaMpyrouteli nepexaieli 2aHHbIx. Bo BTOpOM 110s1X0s1e Henlomb3yeTes MeXaHH3M MepeKsO4eHHe, TAKHM O6pazoM, TO GOBILIYIO act BpeMeHH (byHKUMOHMpYer TOIbKO OHA HHH, TEM CAMBIM O3BOU1IH YMeHBUIMTS oGbeM H3THLIHe MepezaBaeMBIX JAHHBIX H HCHOsb3OBATb PesepBHBIII KAHAN TOKO Tio Mepe Heo6Xo_MMOCTH, B CAYae KOFa B OCHOBHOM KaHiase BOSHHKAIOT OMMMOKH. Mexaii3M nepeksioueHisi B rHOpHAHBIX KaHailax, HCTIOW1b3yeMBIii BO BTOPOM. Toaxoge, o6cyxkrac8, Hanpumep B [12], [13]. [14], [15]. OnHaKo Bo Bcex 9THx paGorax npesWOKeHHbIH MexaHi3M nlepekOdeHHs He Hcnomb3yeT IporycKHyIO crlocoGHocTb pesepBHOTO KaHaita, eci1H JOCTyTIeH OCHOBHOM. B nocsegvee Bpems cram paccMaTpHBaT H TpeTHii Bapuant. | Ipesiaraetes MEXaHII3M TlepeKOYEHHS, NOSBONSTOUUN YBEMMYETS TOsIesHOe HCTIOIBIOBAHHe MponyckHoe cnocoSHocTH KaHarioB, MpHMeHAA MexaHH3M pacrpesleseHta Harpy3KH, Kora 06a Kania noctymHb. Kpome Toro, ecait HHH He jOCTyTHa, TO MexaHH3M Tpogomwxaer cnezMTS 3a KaHasIOM, 0 Tex MOP, MOKA CBA3b He BoccTaHoBUTes. B Gompummicree paGor, Hanpumep [11], MexaHH3M nepexmoveHna OcHOBbIBAeTCA Ha cpanrenmu yposia rionyuenoro curHasa ¢ noporoBsim sHaueHHeM. OxtaKo TaKoit MexaHU3M nlepexsiouenna OGs1aqaeT GOxbLIMM KOAHYECTBOM HeOCTATKOB, T109TOMY BrlocueqHee BPeMA NlosBHLINC’ paGOTE!, MIpeNArAIoUMe aIbTepHATHBHbIe CTIOCOGbI nepexsouenna [15]. Lennie auccepraunonnoii paGoret sssisercs noctpoenue H ucciegoBanHe MaTeMaTHHCCKHX H HMHTALHOHHBIX Moserteli 2118 paspaGoTKH HoBOTO THOpHAHOTO Gecnponoanore oSopysoRainis, OOsemUMHMOUICrO B ceGe MpeHMyUtecTBA asepHBIX aTMoctepHbIx KaHas10B CBA3H MH LIMpoKoTIOnocHBIX pazHocpeacrs. JLia JocTInKeHHA neni HccnefoRaKHs 661TH MOCTaRTeHBI 4 pellet cneAyIoMIHe 3anaH: © PaspaGorana MaremarHueckat © Mogeab = rOpugHoro Kanata Kak OHONHHEHHOM CHCTeEMBI MaccoBOrO OOCIY:KUBAHHA C ABYMA BO3MOXKHEIMH CKOpOCTAMH OOCAY:KHBAHHA H OrpaHHYeHHbIM BPeMeHEM HX HCTIOTBIOBAHHA (xostogetii peseps). © PaspaGoraibl = MaremarHueckve MOE HM MeToytb—-HecHeOBAHHs XapaktepucTHk rHOpHHOrO = KaHayla = CBA3H_~— IPH —_MapavivienbHOM HenOsMLAOVALIHH sa3epHoro Katlala HM Kalla MHJLIHMerpoporo AHana30Na paanopomn (71-76 81-86 FT) kak cHetempl Macconoro oGeny:KHBaHHA Cc AByMa HeonHOposHEIMH mpuGopamn (ropsuuii pezepe). ¢ Jia uccnejopanua Mogeneii ru6pHqHoro KaHasla C MpOH3BO/bHBIMH éynikunann pacnpenerenna ppemen oGcay:KHBanHA H MocTyTIeHHA NaKeToOR paspaGorant KOMIUIeKc HMHTaHOHHBIX (MaLIHHHBIX) Mosteneii. © PaspaGoraH faker mporpaMM Wid aHajiv3a MIpOH3BONHTeNbHOCTH Ht MPpoekruposanna rHOpHANEIX cHCTeM, BKATIONAIOMINMi’ B ceGA dyHKUHOHAT aHanHTHHecKHX Mogeneii XomOAHOrO H opstero pexepRa, HMMTAIHOHTDIe 7 Moyes THOpHAHO!t CHCTEMBI Cc XOTOAHBIM pe3epBOM, FHOPHANO! cHeTeMBI ¢ TOps4HM pe3epBOM. © Ha Gase crarvermecknx jlaHHBIX onpeseneHst mapaMerpsr dyHKuMH pacnpesenenua cnyyalinbix BeIHGHH, ONMCHIBAIOMIHX BpeMeHa nepexos0B yerpolicraa 13 OHOTO pexKHMa paGoTbI B APYTOli, ABIAIOUIHECA HeXOAHbIMHL A@HHBIMH JUIA HecHeyeMbIx Mogeneii. © C nomouwio paspaGotannoro nakera mporpaMM mposesenbt uncnennbte DKCHIepUMeHTbI No aHANH3y OCHOBHBIX XapakTepHcTHK rHOpHAHOM cHCTeMBL (cpeaHas WIMHa O4epemH, cpefHee BpeMA O”KHaHHA NakeTa B OYepeH) B K@KNOM 13 OMHCAHHBIX BAPHAHTOB (XOOAHBIA H POpAYHH pesepB), BbIOopa ONTHMAMBHBIX BPeMeH MepeKMOYeHHA H T.2. Meroasi necaenosanns. Jkii locTinkeHHA NocTaBAeHHOH HeTH B aNecepTalloHHoli paGoTe Heomb3yloTCA MeTONbI TeOpHHt RePOATHOCTH, TeOpHH cayuaiinrx npoueccos u KoMGuHaTopHoro anam3a, a TaK %Ke MeTOABL UMHTALMOHHOTO MogesHpoBaHHs. Ocuopusie noaoxenns, BbInocHMBIe Ha 3amUITy: PaspaGoranHbie MaTeMaTHHeckHe MOJIesH alleKBATHO ONHCBIBAIOT éytikunonmposanne ruGpuanoii cuctempt Ha Gaze atMoctpepHoit OnTHYeCKOHi HHH cBASH H pagHOKaHalta, by HKUMOHUpyIOULero 110 yhpabstenus npotoKosa IEEE 802.1 In (xonoaHbili peseps), WIM KaHasta MHJLIMMeTpoBOTO AHaNa3z0HA paMOBOsIH (ropsrYHii pesepB).. 2. XapakrepuctHkH rHOpHAHOl cHcTeMBI C XOMOHBIM pesepBOM MoryT ObITb pacc¥HTAaHBI KaK XapakTepHCTHKH OAHOMHHeHHOI CHCTeMBI MaccoBoro OOCTYAMBAHHA C TBYMA BOIMOXKHBIMH CKOPOCTAMH OOCTYUBAHHA Ht OrpaHHeHHBIM BpeMeHEM HX HCHONBIOBAHHA. 3. XapakTepHcTHKH HOPHAHOM CHCTeMBI C Tops Pe3epBOM MOTYT OBITS paccunrani KaK XapakTepHICTUKH CHCTEMBI MaccoBOro OGciY:KUBAHHA ¢ AIBYMs HeOHOPOAHBIMH TIpHGopamu. B iaHHOM caly4ae B rHOpHAHON cHCTeMe ONTHYECKHii H paqHo KaHanbI HCMOsB3y!OTCs MapasesbHO. 4. PaspaGoranutii naket npuksaqHBix mporpamM mpesoctaBsseT BO3MOAHOCTH aHAJIH3a XApakTepHCTHK, BbIGOpa rlapaMeTpoB 1 mpoextuposanus rnGpranBrx cuctem ta Gaze sa3epHoii m pao TexHosoruit. Haysiias nopu3na pesysbratow quccepranonHoli padorsi 3akmouaeTes B caemyroulem: 1, Bnepstie paspaGoransi MaTeMaTiHeckHe MOsesIH, MOIBONsTOUIE MPOBOANTS KoMiexcHbili Haus sh dexruBHoctH paGorbi KOMOMHpOBAHHBIX npvemonepenarankon: © ccremsi ¢ xonoaubIM pesepsom - ruGpuanoli cuctembl, BKMOUAOUIeH B CeO arMocéepHyio onTuyecKyI0 AMHMIO cBA3H MH pesepBHbili paguoKanan, éytkunonupyrommit oq ynpassenvem npotoKowa IEEE 802.11n. PaspaGoraitiaa Moen no3BoaseT OUCHUTE caeAyIoUMe XapakTepucTHKH CHCTEMBI C XONOJHBIM pesepBON: pacpestesIeHHe BpeMeHM paGors! CHCTeMBI MeKAY PeKUMAMH, CpenHAA MINHA OYepeR TIpH paGoTe B KXKIOM H3 PexKHMOB 1 B MpoH3BOABHBIi MoMeHT BpeMeHH, cpemHee BpeMa mpeOpiBAHHs 3aaBKH B cHcTeMe. © Cucremni ¢ ropauum pesepsom — ru6pusuoli cucremsi, Koropas coctour u3 arMochepHoli omtu4eckoli HHH cB Mpe3epBHoro —KaHasia MILLIMMeTpOBOTO {HaNIa30Ha —paqMoBouH. MaremarHueckas —Mosleb TOsBOMeT OUEHHTS caeAyIOMIe XapakTepHeTHKH THOpHsAHO! cucTeMBI TOpANHM pe3epBOM: JOH HCMOABIOBAHHA KaXKIOTO HB MpHGopoB (10 OTHOMIEHHIO K OOULeMY HHesTy OBCTYKEHHBIX 3aBOK), CpeHee HCHO 348BOK, OOcAYKEHHBIX KAKIGIM 13 IpAGOPOB, cpedissl JUIMHA ONepenH, cpemHee BPeMs O*KHTAHHA BCHCTeMe. 2. PaspaGoraHHbili maker mporpaMM MlosBouseT MosesHPOBATS 3aBHCHMOCTH ykasaHHbIx XapakTepucTHK THOpHALHON CHCTeMBI C XOMOAHBIM H TOpAIHM pesepsoM oF citemyroHx napamerpes: * unTeHCHBHOCTE BXONAULerO NOTOKa 3as1BOK © Bpemena rlepeKHONeHHA Mexiy pexHMaMn © VHUBHAYANBHBL XapAKTepHCTHXH OTJCIIBHBIX KAHAUIOB CBASH BXONAUX B THGpuanyto cnevemy Tparruueckas nennoerr 0 peanuianna pery.nrator. Pesympraret anccepranmonnoi peGors! BHempertbI MpH BEITOMHEHHN Tocysapersentioro Konrpakra Ne 14.740.11.0392 mexay Hucrutytom pajorexnimkn 1 91extponnkn PAH 1 Muno6paykn P®, spinomisemoro B pamKax exepaitbHoli weneBoli porpaMMel «Hay4HbIe H Hay4Ho-rlemarornueckHe KaIpbt HHHOBALHOHHO! PoccH# Mo Teme «PaspaGoTKa HOBOTO TOKOlTeHHs artnapatypbt THOPHANBIX KaratoB MepeTauH MysBTHMeAHiiHO! MHpopManiH Ha Gaze nasepHoti H paso texHonorniby. B coctap oruerHbix lokyMeHToB 10 TocysapcTReHHOMYy KOHTpAakTY BOWLIH caleayiouine pesyaisrarst auccepranvonHoi paGoret: ¢ BpiGop onTHMasbHBIX MapaMerpos mpoToKona nepeauH MysIbTHMesUiiHOt HHopMaunu, oGecreyHBaloUINX MaKCHMasIbHYIO npousBogHTeABHOCTS THOpHAHOH CHcTeMbI CBA3H; © paspaGorka Hl HecTeMOBAHHe MareMaTHHecKOii Moslem THOpHANO!t cHCTeMI CBASH C HCTIONL3OBAHHEM MeTOsOB, TEOpHH CTOXACTHYeCKHX cHcTeM H ceTell JU OUCHKU HaLeKHOCTH Me ZpyrHX xXapakrepucTHK yHKUMOHNpoBanHA cHcTeMBI cBa3H Ha Gaze na3epHoii H palo TexHosorHit; © pesynrarel ctarHeTHMecKoii oGpa6orKH MeTeosaHHBIX HM TlocTpoeHHe yuku pacnpeyenenua nepuogos xoctynHocra mM HeqoctynHocTH armociepHbix sla3epHbix KaHaTOB CBAaHL. 10 Pesyibrarbi AHcceprauHOHHOH peGoréI ObUTH BHeApeHbI B IpoeKTax 3AO «Mocrkom», spAsOULMCA OAHHM 13 OCHOBHBIX paspa6or4nkoR B PoccuiicKoii exepauun atMoctepHbIx ONTHMECKHX KaHaI0B CBASH H THOPHAHDIX cHcTeM Ha Gaze slagepHoii H palo TexHonOrHii. Taker nporpam, paspaGorannbiii 8 pamkax aHcceptaumonnoli paGoTDI, odmbextuerio Hcromb3oBasIes MpH MpoekTHpoBaHHM HOBOTO TOKONeHHs CBEPXBBICOKOCKOPOCTHEIX aTMOc(bepHBIX ONTHYECKHX KaHaloB CBASH (CBEILIE | T6ur/c) ux pesepsuposatns paanoxananamn IEEE 802.1 1n. Hcronpsosanne pesys1bTaToB AMCcepTaUHH MO3BOTHLIO YeKOPHTS paspaGoTKy HOBOTO MOKOZeHHS THOPHAHBIX CHCTEM CBS3H H MOBDICHTS HX KAMECTBO, YTO HOTBEpATIAeTER AKTOM O BHeTpeHHH pesy.AbTATOB AMecepralMoHHO!t paGoTbI B MpoeKTax 3AO «MoctKom». Tloayscto cpnjerenserso © rocyqaperscHHoli perneTpanun mporpaMMet 21% 9BM Ne 2012611411 or 6 espana 2012 a «lporpammusiii KommuteKc ananHTH4eckoro H MalIMHHOro (HMHTaHOHHOrO) MosesMpoBanua rHOpHaHOrO KaHasta CBA3HD. Tlonyuen mater Pe No2471297 na wniperenne «MroroKanannias cuerema nepenaan niopMatiin noBBIMeHHOl HaexKHOCTH Ha 6a3e saxepHoii m paz TexHororHii» 0 3aspKe Ne 2011128081 or 08.07.201 Ir. AnpoGauust pesysbratoe paGorst. OcHosubie pesysubrarbt AMCceprauun AOKHALIBATHICD H OBcyAK/AIHCh Ha cHeAyIOUINX KOHMepeHUMAX: © Beepoceutickas Konepennua «MucbopmanonHo-TereKOMMYyHUKanHOHHBIe TeXHONOTHH MH MaTeMaTHYeCKoe MOJleIMPOBAHHe BbICOKOTEXHONOTHUHBIX enerenm (Mockra, 2011, PVH); © Mexaynaponuas Kondepenuna «PacnpenereHHsie KOMMbIOTepHBIe ‘TeeKOMMYHUKaWHOHHBIe ceTH» (Mockea, 2011); © Mexaynaponias Konepenuna «PacnpeneseHHbie KOMMbIOTepHBIe 1 ‘TeIeKOMMYHUKaLHOHHBIe ceTH> (MocKea, 2010); ¢ Mexaynaponias Konepenuna «PacnpeneseHHbie KoMMbIOTepHBIe 1 Tes1eKOMMYyHHKaLMoHHBIe ceTID (Mockna, 2009); 1 © Mexaynaposas xondeperums MACOM (Cankt-ITetep6ypr, 2008); © Kouepenuns «Mabopmauuonisie texHonorun H cuctembp (3BeHHropoa, 2007). Ty6amcauun, Mo teme anecepranun ony6Konano 7 naytx pa6or [16], (17), 18], [19], [20], (21), [22]. 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Bo-nepBbIX, cyMMapHbtii cnekrp, pasibiit 10 [T'u, sHaunteastic Gompure m0G0ro apyroro cnexrpa ‘actor, Hicrlob3yeMoro B HaCTOsUIee BpeMst UI CBABH. OH B 50 pas Gosbule crlekrpa Beex BitJ0B coTonoii cBa3H, nputisToro B CLA, 1 3HauHTebHO mpeBbIUIaeT Be CBAZHBIC CBU-ananasonb1. Taxoii Gompuoii oxpat uactoT cnocoGen oGecneunt padoty enor OKOMeHHA HOBBIX cHCTeM GecnpoBoKoll cBs3H. 38 Puc.1 Ocosmese waeroTume auanasomts Geenposoanoit casi (CLA) Bo-bropbix, pacnipenenenue sactor E-quanazona, BkmoNaoMlero Ba KaHaTa no 5 [Tu, aaabue He apo6utes, Kak B cay4ae Gore HH3KONAcTOTHBIX CBU- auana3ouos. K npumepy, 8 CLUA @exepanbiaa KoMuccHs no cBa3H AeANT KAXABIIi “acToTHbIii Nana3oH ¢ OSuLeli HecyUIell Ha OTHeNbHBIe KaHaNbI ¢ HosOCOH He Gostee 50 MPu, Taka Winpiiia Kanata, 8 KOHCUHOM CHETe, OrpAaHMMBAET OGBEM AaHHbIX, Koropsie on cocoGeH nponycrirs, E-auana3on yoctaroueH ua nepexaan aHHLIX © puicoKoii cKopoersio (1 T6ut/e) ¢ nprMeneinem npocteliumx exem MozysauHn, HanpuMep aBon4HOit (basoBolt Mannyaaunn (BPSK). Tipu Gostee cx1oxkHbIx exemax MOAYIIIN CKOPOCTS Nepenau B TOMHONYIMIeEKCHOM pexkUMe MoxkeT JocTHraTs 10 T6urle. Tockousky, 8 OTIHuHe oT mepexauH aaHHBIX nO y3KOMY KaHaly, HeOGXOMNMOCTE CKATHIA JAHHBIX oTeyn syeT, BCA APXHTeKTYpa CHCTeMBI MOxKeT GpITs OTHOCHTeMBHO MpocToi. Ona MOxeT 6bITb TocTpoeHa c HeTIOAB30RAHHEM 19 MoyeMOB C MOLYIIAUHel HHKOrO MopaKka, HemMHelHbIX ycuMTeNelt MoUMHOCTH, TpHeMHHKOB ¢ MIpaMBIM MIpeo6pasonaHHeM Ml MHOTHX JIPYTHX HeCTOXKHBIX KOMMOHeHTOB. ITO MO3BOAKeT CHH3HTS CTOMMOCTb cHCTeMBI, He yxysUaa ee HajlexKHOCTS Hi rlapaMerpbl. XapakrepucTukn norsouens panoBosH B atMocibepe B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT uacToTHoro AHanasoHa mpegctassenbt Ha puc.2. B CBY-ananasonax go 38 TT aTMocibepHoe 3aTyXaHHe He mpesbiuiaer 0,3 B/KM. 3a HEKOTOPBIM TobeMOM B. paiione 23 TTu caeayer cuapioe satyxanne wa 60 TTu, o6ycnosaentoe TOrOuleHHeM paqHOBOTH MapaMH BOK HM MomeKys1aMu KUcAOpona. Ha yacrore 60 TT y ocaaGuene jocruraer 15 AB/KM, 4ro cyujecrBeHHO OrpannunBaer jabHOCTb nepenain paanononn, Ha sacrorax pone 100 [Tn naumnaior ckasbipatecs apyrne adiekrst MonekysapHoro noromernia, orpanuannaiomne —>¢pepexTHBHocT» pacnpocrpavenusa curHaioB. Puc.2. Xapaxrepucruku norsiouenus paanonoan 8 atmociepe (Ha yposne Mops) Ornocuterstio "anctoe" HO eKUT B creKrpe Yacror 70-100 TTu. 34ece aTMocibepHoe 3aTyxaHHe coctassseT ~0,5 AB/kKM, 470 GaN3KO K 3HaNeHHAM aaTyxaHus B TpanuuHoHHBIx CBU-auanasonax. B pesyssrare 218 GecnpoBosHix CHCTeM MOABILeTCA BOIMOXKHOCTS MepelaH CHTHALTOB Ha PACcTOsHHLA HO HeCKOKO KHJIOMeTPoB. 20 Bansnne 10x78. Ha vactorax, npespimaiouax 10 Tu, 10K» orpanHunpaer JambHOCTs Nepean (puc.3). B caysae cHABHOTO AOxKAA (HHTeHCHBHOCTh 25 MM/*) aatyxanne curuana B E-qvanasone gocruraer 10 B/km. Mexxynapogipin coo3om no TexeKoMMyHukanuam ITU Ha OcHOBaHHM MHOrOseTHHX HaGmMoseHHii cocTaBneHb! KapTbI OJHOTHMHBIX 30H BBINALeHHA OcaTKOB B pasIHYHBIX paiionax Mupa. OTH KaPTbI NOMOFalOT MPOCKTHPOBLIHKAM MPH YCTAHOBKe CHCTEM CBA3H B Pa3THYHBIX PerHoHAX MHpa YUHTbIBATh HHTEHCHBHOCTS H FOLOBY!O HOPMY OCAIIKOB B HHX. Puc. Taryyauue panionan, eunuinaeMoe toate pavamunall wireneunnoe TH Banaue tyMana u oGnaiHocTH. OAH H3 JocToHHcTs GecnpoBoaHolt cps3i na sactorax E-ananazona — cna6aa 3apncumocrs or TyMaHa 1 oOaasHoctH. [pr MaotHOCTH rycToro TyMaHa oKoN 0.1 1/M3 c BHAUMOCTBIO 50 M ocaaGseHHe curnata coerapaner pero aut 0,1 aB/im. Takoe mastoe satyxanue oGtacnmeren TeM, 4TO pa3Mepbl 4acTHI| TYMaHa 3HAYHTebHO MeHbIe jWIMHbI BOJIHbI pacmpoctparsiemoro curHasta, pabvoli ~4-5 MM, HB pe3ysbTaTe OHH He BBISBIBAIOT cumbHoro paccesiita pannoponi. TIpoTHBortomoxkHian cHTyAUMA BOsHHKaeT MIpH BBICOKOCKOpOcTHO! —oMITHNecKoH ~—Mepenaye —UNdopMauHH —B_—_CBOGozHOM MpoctpancrBe, KoTOpas MoxKeT paccMarpHBATbCA KaK aTbTepHATHBA GecnpoBOAHOH coxa B E-auanasone, 3aryxanve curtasa npu onrmueckoli nepesae B yenoBuax chiabHoro TyMaHa Moxer zocTHTaTs 200 sB/KM. 21 Bawanne mbit, necka HW ApyrHX MenKHX YacTHU. PasMepsi TAKHX YacTHtL TakKe cyllecTReHHO MeHbuIe 4 MM, HM OHM MpakTHyeckH "HeBHAMMBI" UIA GSecnposogubix cuctem E-quana3ona. CraGaa —3arpy:KeHHOCTh © MHIIMMeTpoBoro —-4acTOTHOrO —_slMana3oHa, BO3MOXKHOCTS BBIJEIEHMA LIMPOKHX Tonoc Yactor (10 7 [Tu), ynpomennas Mpoucmypa BEUIeNIeHMA YacTOT BO BCeX CTPaHaX MHpa JemaeT 9TOT AHATA30H YHUKANbHBIM {U1 MOCTPOeHHA TepCOHANBHBIX, NOKANBHBIX MH TOpozicKHX ‘TpancnoprHix Gecnpowogubix cereii, a TaKKe KaHaloB «TOUKa-TOUKa» (paquopeneiinex sunuit). J[pyrumn npeumyuectsamu = cuctem —nepeyaun murhopManuin 8 3TOM jManasone aBIAOTCR: © cBepxBbicoKat cKopocTb GecnpoBogHoi nepexayH —MylIbTHMeauiiHOTi uudopmaunn — 20 10 M6ur/e; © BO3MOKHOCT CO3/LaHHA MHHEATIOPHBIX aHTeHHBIX CHCTeM, BILIOTb 710 HiTerpupoBantbIx B YuTIceT aHtTeHTbIX basMpoBanHbIX peuteToK. [pu 9ToM JIA JOCTIDKEHHA Y3KOH HarpaMMeI HanpaBaeHHocTH (T.e. ait Gonbulero yeustenina arent) tpe6yiores Menbumme raGapHTs! caMuX arTeHH; © cpolicrrentice qaHtiomy aManasony Gbierpoe 3atyxanMe pasnoBomH yerpaniser npoGuemy wnrepdepeHuni pasnH4HbIX HCTOUHHKOB CHTHALIa, 470 TOSBOAAET ABTOMATHMECKH pelcHT MpoGreMy ToBTOpHOro HcTIOAB3ORAHHA ‘actor (HacToTHoro manMpopaniia); © MpH peanwzaunM cHCTeM cas3H BOIMOKHBI pasHOOGpasHble cxeMBI CkpeMOMpOBAHHs, ToMeXoycToli¥MBOTO KOJMPOBAHHs, TIpocTbIe CxeMBI Mogyanunnit 1 Mi1o2KeeTDerHIOro A0CTy TIA: © Bcucremax E-qwanazona Komuccua FCC CIA yctanornsa paspemenntii YponeHs BbIXoAHO! MouIHOCTH No 3 Br uTo 3HaUNTeNbHO Gonbule, HeM aA APYPHX Harla30HOB MHJLIMMeTPOBBIX BOIHS @ kana E-quanazoua ¢ monocot § [Tu aonyekator pticokocKapocruyio Tepesa4y aHHbIX ¢ HCTOMB30RaHMeM CXeM MOsyNAUIMM HU3KOTO ypoBHa. Tak, cxembi ¢ 4actoTHOi MaHunyaauneli (FSK) un aBoHHOii daz0B0Fi 22 MaHUMys1suHell erko OGecrIeuHBAIOT MepewAYY LAHHBIX CO CKOpOCTEIO 110 2 T6ur/e. Tlockonbky mnpoctse cxeMbI MOMYsAIMM He Haka{bIBAIOT AOMOAHMTeNbHBIX TpeGoBaMi Ha aMHeliHOCTS, TO ycHMMTeNH MomHOCTH Tlepenaranka MoryT paGoTaT> B pexKHMe MaKCHMaIbHOli BbIXOAHOIi MoumioctH. Bonbuias BbIXoqHax © MOMIHOCTB —Hapay ¢ —BBICOKUM Koop)uuerToM yeusenua antenHbt OGecreuMBaeT BbICOKYIO H3myIaeMyIO MOLIHOCTS, TO MO3BOIIET KOMEEHCHPOBATS BO3MOXKHBIE oTepH Tlepeauit H genaet cucrempt E-avara3ona cpapHuMbimM 110 xapaktepuctukam ¢ CBY- cucTeMamn cBs3n "TOUKa-TOUKa"; © BOSMOXKHOCTS CO3TAHHA CHCTeM CBAIH OGECeUHBAIOLIMX: CKPBITHOCTS CBASH (eoGHapy:xnBaeMocTs); lenOCTHOCTE (CTOHKOCTS K NPHUeABHBIM OMeXaM Ht HecaHKUNOHMpoRaHHoMy TloxKmTOHeHTHO). 1.3. Crangapr Gecnposognoii caa3n IEEE 802.11n Cranaapr IEEE 802.1 In npeanasnayen zis zanbueliuero pacumpenns aana3owa ckopocteii nepesasn zantbIx — 20 300 MGur/c 1 pein. B we0M 1Ke On ocHopbinaeres Ha cratslapre (,onomHennn) IEEE 802.1 1a, nockosky HMeHHO B HeM onucana TexHonora OFDM. Yeenuuerne cKopoctn nepeaun JaHHBIX B cTaHyapTe IEEE 802.1 In Gasupyetes Ha apyx usndeckux MpHHunax — yqBoeHHM nostocKL nponyckanna Kanaza, c 20 20 40 MP, a BeeeHHM AOMOAHMTEABHBIX aHTEHHBIX KaHauloB IpHema-repe aun (TeEXHOsOTHA MHOTOKAHAJIbHBIX aHTeHHBIX CHCTEM MIMO). PaGorsr no coszanmio ctangapra IEEE 802.1 1n ofpaunanpio navaanes 11 centsGps 2002 roga, ¥epe3 ro oGpazoranacs wesienas rpyrina TGn. B supape 2006 roa ua perysapHoit Koncepenunn Ha Vapaiiax Osun YTBepxKMeHbI OCHOBHbIe JOKYMeHTSI (OnMcaHHa (bu3sH4eckoro H MAC-yposHeli HoBOrO craHAapra), KOTOpBIe BOULIH B TpemBapuTenbubti (draft) cranaapt IEEE 802.1 In. JIums 8 Kone 2009 roga stor cranzapr Guim yTReprKzeH. Ho 23 MPOHSBOAHTEMH OKOHYATETHOTO eFO CorACOBAHHs LOAKUATHCA He CTAITH, TIpHCTYTINR K BbITYCKy 91eMeHTHOH Ga3bI H OGOpysoBaHHA. Oranansa cbusn4eckoro yposns cranaapra IEEE 802.11n Cranaapr IEEE 802.1 1n zonyckaer kak cranlapTHbie KaHavibi ¢ WIMpHHOii nonocst 20 MP'n (kak Bex mpesurectayroumx cranmapros IEEE 802.11, skmowaa IEEE 802.1 1a), tak m pacumpertpre 20 40 MP'u. Tockompxy kananbt umpunoii 40 MP npvemsiembi He Jui Bex CTPaH, NpoTHBOpeya HaLHOHANBHOH HOHTHKE pacnpegenenus 4acTOTHBIX pecypcoB, To HX MpHMeHeHHe — >To oMUMOHaTDHAS (ueoGs3aTenbHas) BosMoxHOCTS. Crangapr IEEE 802.11 npeayemarpusaer nosjepakky Kak TpaqMUHOHHBIX pexkuos mepenasn (kak p IEEE 802.1 1a), tak pexkumop c pbIcoKoii mporrycKHoii cnoco6uocrsio (HT — High Throughput). B tpazuuvonnerx (L — Legacy) pexxumax ucno nogHecyumHx He H3MeHeHO. B HT-pexkumax ono yseaueno: 8 20-MP'a Kawase 1x 56, 13 Hux 52 — nHopManvonnpie 1 4 mHAOTHBIE. TomKO 13-3 9TOTO ckopocts Bospacraer Ha 8%. Eule oH (baktop yBemu4ueHHs MpomycKHoH cnocasnocTa — nornimenve nonyeramoi cKkopocra Kommporanus no 5/6 (7.¢. k@kapie 5 Gut HeXoHO!i MocHeqOBATeISHOCTH Mpespamtatores B 6 GUT KosMponanHoii). OnluHOHATbHO MpeLyCMOTpeHa BOIMOKHOCTE /LBYKPATHOrO coKpallleHHis JUIMTeMBHOCTH 3aMHTHBIX HATepBasIOR GI B OFDM-cumposax —c 0,8 0 0,4 mxe. B pesysibtate ckKopocts BospactaeT 10 65 H 72,2 (onuHOHATBHO) Mout/e. Pexum 20 MP — o6ssaTenbubiii, 218 Hero yeTaHoBseH GasoBbiii HaGop cxopocreii (ra6x. 1). B 40-MP'i karianax nognecymux 114, 13 Hx 108 HHopMauHOHHBIX H 6 MHJIOTHBIX. OHH JHUIb TOT dbakTop yBeTHMBAeT MponlyckHyto cocoGHocts Kanata Ha 125%. OrMeruM, “To TpaqHUHOHHbIl pexkUM TaK2Ke NMO3BONAeT YBEMUIABATS (yapanpars) ckopoers nepenasH JaHHEIX. OsHAKO 9TO MpoHeXosHT MPH. HenlocpeycTREHHOM yqROeHHH TlomoceI MportycKanns (40 MI 1) — aktHyeckH epesavia BeeTCA Ha ABYX CMeaHBIX KaHaIAx IEEE 802.1 1a, ucrioab3yiorea 2x2 = 24 104 noaHecyumne (3 128 HOMMHATbHBIX HoaHeCyIMHX He 3aelicTBOBAHBI 4acTOTI C mirekcamn or —S n10 5). TaGanua 1, Basosbiit HaGop ckopocreli npoekta IEEE 802.11n [Ckopoers nepenasn aan Ickopocrs Mupopwaunio Hiucno Guros xa |Kostuponannnrx GI= 08 Ke [GI =O we Moayaauix — |koxmponan six GuTow nonmecyuyro —_|6uTo8 wa cues BPSK 12 T 32 26 65 2 PRE 7 7 Tar a Ta vat QPSK a 2 Tor 8 195 217 T6-QAM 12 7 208 14 260 ET T6-QAM 3 q 208 156 39.0 BS 6-QAM 2 € 312 208 320 378 GEQAM a e 312 ae 385 650 GE-QAM 36 6 312 260 60 Tae Octosioe orimune cranmapra IEEE 802.1 In or ero npemuiecrBeHHukos — TOsBeHHe HECKOKHX AHTEHHBIX KAHaTOB B IPHEMHHKe M TepesaTauKe. OSs3aTeabubiii pexkHM MompasyMenaer MOsMepIKKY ABYX AHITEHHBIX KaHATOB oGopysoparinem To¥eK Joctyna (AP) H oHoro KaHasa — nlomb3oBaTesIbCKHMH (repMuniaabHimn) cranmnamn. Beero wy AP, 1 y TepMHHanbHoli craHnHH MoxKeT GpITb 0 YeTbIpex AHTeHHBIX KaHauloB HIpHeMa-rlepenasn. Tockonbky ctasaprom IEEE 802.1 1n npemycmorpexa texHonoria MIMO, HaMeHseTCs CTPYKTYpHas cXeMa Mepesa‘oulero H MpHeMHoro yerpoiicrs (puc. 4). Jlanubie nocae ckpemGzupowaiiia HlocrynaioT Ha cBepTounbiil Kogep (Kak HB IEEE 802.1 1a). Ecam ckopocts nepea4H 2aHAbix mpesbiuaer 300 MGut/e, ucriombayiores aba cRepTOuHbIX Kostepa. B ore oT IEEE 802.1 1a, nosyepxnBaetes ckopocTh Koguposarus 5/6. Kpome Toro, ommHoHaTbHO BMecTO ABOMHOTO CBepTOHHOTO. koepa (BCC) npeaycmorpeo npuMeHeHe 6s10KoBOrO Koepa LDPCC (Low density parity check codes). 25 > na? Pena Janes |B4-npec6pa-| |B4-npeobpa- +) t Teomeoe| [DeGonrcwe] [ToGaarenre _t ft ft Bonepeco | [Bonepmo | [Borepaso - T T [esne one sno £ £ ‘Dopupcaaren pocpaTeeN [JT TT} — _ os [ame = a ee Ll Puc. 4. Crpystypa annaparypts nepezauu cranaapra IEEE 802.110 Jlansure pasawuna Gonee ceppesibie. Konmposanustii noroK Gutos pasOupaetes a Tak HasLinaeMuie pocrparieTBenuiLie (poeTpanerneniio paaseseuLe) NoTOKH (spatial streams). Yucno Takux noTOKOB Nos He MoxkeT OBITS MeHBILIe, YeM UHCHIO AHTeHHBIX KaHaloB B MepejaTunke Ny. [pesycmMorpeHHbili airopHtM pacipeseneHHA No NOTOKaM Npoct — BXOHAd NOCHE LOBATebHOCTS pa3sOuBaeTca Ha rpyrinbt 1MHOH 26 rae s(iS) =max(l, Napsc (iS )/2) —sucao 6utoe, onpenessouax aelicTBHTeMbHYIO HATH MHMMYI0 COCTABMATOUIYIO KOMILIEKCHOTO Mosys1aUMOHHOTO cumpoaa Ha osnoi noanecymeii, Napsc (iS) — uneao GuTop Ha nogHecymyto B ogvom OFDM-cumeone. Ec B KaxkyOM mpocTpaHcTBeHHOM MloToKe HcrIOMB3yeTCH ogMHakopas cxeMa MysbTHIUIeKcHpoBaHHs, TO S = Nss + max(I, Nersc /2). Tpynmst ammoii S nocnesosaresbio (10 Kpyry) pacnpeenmiotes mexay Nos MpoctpaticTBeHHBIX MOTOKOB. Jlaitee B KAXKIOM HoTOKe MPoHcXOLHT rlepeMexeHHe Gros, anarorm4no IEEE 802.1 1a (1a neppoii cranun 18 nepectanoRoK MpuMensetca Ta6auua pasmepom 13 crpok Ha 4 Nppsc cToa6uoR 11 20-MM'y Kanata w 18x 4 Ngpsc — aa 40-MP'ur kaniana). Ec icrom3onano Gonee oftioro TIpOcTpaHCTBeHHOTO MOTOKa, NOABAFETCA TpeTbA CTAAHA NepeMexkeHHA — YacTOTHAA poranus, Ona onuceraetes nbipaxxenne N ‘cons, r= {j- [28 mod 3 +3 floor(i8/3)] se Po rae j — HHaeKc Guta Nocie BTOpoii cTaqHM MepecTaHoBoK; i’’ — HOMep. npoctpanctpennoro Kanata. Koopduuvent N,.. npunumaer snayenna 11 0 29 ana 20- 40-MI'y kananos cooTBeTcTBeHHO. TIpumenenne TexHonorun MIMO npecaesyer ape Wem — nopbiuenne HajlexKHOCTH NpHeMa/nepesa4H H OGecrie4eHHe cBABH MO NpoctpancTBeHHO pasuesteHHBim KaHasam (SDM — Spatial Division Multiplexing). B epsom cnyyae VCHOAB3YeTCA TAK Ha3bIBaeMbIli poCTpaHcTBeHHO-BpeMeHHOH G1OKOBbINi KON, (STBC — Space Time Block Code), ossimene ckopocra nepenaun mpoucxoant 3a cueT coKpamleHHa mpowepounbix MocaeZORATeEMBHOCTeH MH YMCHBIIeHHA 3aNLHTHEIX uitepsastos. [px SDM ckopocrs ysernunpaeres Gs1aronapa pacriapasuiesHBaHHIO MOTOKOB TPaHC/HpYeMbIX AHHBIX. TlpoctpancrenHo-BpemenHoe KosupoBaniue rloapasyMeBaer npeoSpasoBanHe ognoro noroka OFDM-crMBoston dj, B Ba NpOCTparicTBeHHO-BpeMeHHBIX MOTOKA (GaGa. 2, cnmBu.t * UsHatacl KUMILIEKEHUE CONprREHHE. couN A — a + jb, WAY a — jb). Tlostomy 8 cuctemax IEEE 802.11n uneno npoctpasicrpeHHo-BpeMeHHbIX 27 Nors AomKHO npeppuuiaTs Nss - BosMorkitet pasannpie coueranua sHayernit Nis 5> Ns Ns, ants 61 Ni TaGanua 2, [poctpaicreenHo-BpeMeHtioe KoaMpoBanue Murepaan | |Mnreppan 2 Kanaa I ds, ana Kanan 2 —d ny dy Tlocae cranua dbopmuponantiia mpoctparicrBeriH0-BpeMeHHbIx MOTOKOB (eca1H STBC ne ncnoabsyeres, MoxHo CUHTATS, TO MpocTpaHicTBeHHO-BpeMeHHOii HOTOK oHOIHAYHO cooTBeTCTBYeT poctpaHcTBeHHOMy HloToKy, Mexay Nsrs = Nss) Mpovtexoaut Hx pacnpestetenue mo artrenHbiM Katianam. Cranapt IEEE 802.1 In Mpemyematpupaer teckombKo cxeM TaKcro pacnpestemenus. HanGonee mpoctas — IIpaMoe HasHaenne (direct mapping) npocrpaHeTBeHHOTO ToTOKa aHtTeHHOMy KaHay ¢ OAMHAKOBBIMH HOMepaMH, IPH STOM 4HC.10 aHTeHHBIX KaHaT0B nepenaranka Nry = Nsrs- Ecan Nix> Nsrs, Henoabsyiotes pasanbie CxeMbI MpocTparicraentioro PACHIMPCHHA, KOTOpbIe MaTeMaTHYECKH ONMCHIBACT BBIPAKCHHe: m =[okx=[ok|” % ro rye r — BeKTOp CHMBOs1OB, MlepeslasaeMbIX B AHTEHHBIX KaHaLTAX (UIMHOI Nx): X— BeKTOp CHMBOJIOB B IPOCTPaHicTBeHHO-BpeMeHHBIX KaHAIAX ATMO Nsrs; O— Marpuua ¢ Nyy erpoxau u Ners eroa6uamn. B cxeme npamoro nasnayenus Q— AMaronaubHas eqUAHGHaS MaTpHUa. B cny'ae apyx mpoctpaticrBeHHo-BpeMeHHBIX MOTOKOB H Tpex aHTeHHBIX TpakTOS Hepsbii HOTOK MOET Hepeabarnex Yepes nepspHi m Tperai anrenrmie Tpak Tl, 28 10 1 ol O=|1 1) apa Npy=3HNos=1 US, Ormeram, ato cron6upt B re. OF Marpuuax Q gomkHBI 6bITb oproronambabIMH (HanpuMep, Ha OcHOBe MaTpHLL Amamapa). Tpeayemorpe # pexHM, Korua MarpHua Q npHHHMaer pasIH4Hble 3HaveHHs JU KMKOH MOsHecyuIeHi k: B paccMoTpentoM eysae Ny = 3H Ns B anrennpix kanianax 2, 3 1 4 undopmanus neperaetes c BpeMeHHoii SACPAKOH (OTHOCHTEIbHO KaHwia 1) B 400, 200 4 600 He CourBe Ler BeHHY, Takoli bazonbiit casur HeOGxonMM, HTOGsI W36exKATE HeMpousBOsTBHOTO bopMUpoRAHHs cTaOwIbHOH AHarpaMMbI HampaBieHHOCTH Tepesaioulell aHTeHHO! CHCTeMBI, a 9TO MoxeT NponsoiiTH, HaNpUMep, MpH cHMhasHOM HIM MpoTHBOdasHoM HBAyseHHH. Oanako 8 cranaapre IEEE 802.1 In npeaycmorpe 1 Tak HasbiBaembili pexkUM bopmuposanis y4a (beamforming). B Tom pexume Marpuua O opmupyeres: TepesaTHHKOM Ha OcHOBe HHOpMALMH 0 COCTOAHHH KaHAsIA CRASH MEY HUM H BbIOpaHHbIM NpHeMHUKOM. BekTop MIpHHs{TOTO IpHeMHHKOM COBOKYTHOTO TIO BeeM. ANTeHHBIM Kananam curHana MoxHo sarucate Kak y = Di-Yorl , Bextop nepexanaemoro curnana "lie ] , Torna y = H < r+, rae n— wextop myMa B kartane; H— marpmna (pasmepriocti Nex, Nrx) cocroanna Kaniama, Tlockoaky 7 = OXxx, may=HxQxxtn CreqopaTesbHO, 114 KOMMeHCalMH 3alepxKeK M 3aTYXaHHii B KaHalie, onmepisaemrx Matprueli H, HeoGxomHNO BEISHCAHTS H NpHMeHHTS coorserersyiouryio Marpuuy Q. Jkis 2toro npHeMHMK BorIneAAeT H TpaHcMMpyer nepeaarauky s1Go Marpuuy coctoaHua kaHaia H, 110 yrke nogroToBneHHBIe Marpuupi Q. B kayecree Tectopoii nocaiedoBatenbHocTH (sapatiee H3BeCTHOH lepesaruuky) BbICTYnaOT NpeaMGy.tb1 nakeToR (usH4ecKoro ypoBHa (ToUHee — AamHnBIe TloxcTpoHBIe MocnenoBaTemBHOCTH pexkuMa HT, HT-LTF) an6o CHeUMaMBHbIC TECTOBBIC MAKEThI «IPOCNYLIMBAHHD> Kaas, BKINOUAA MaKeTBL Mpocayumpanis Ges tons aHHBIX. 29 Cranaapr IEEE 802.1 1n Ha @u34eckom yposne mpeayemarpupaer TpH cTpyKTypsI KaqpoR — TpaquuMoHHyto (connagatoutyto c IEEE 802.1 1a/g), cMemlannyto H Tak Ha3bIBaemoe 3esteHoe rose (Green Field) (puc. 5). 91H CTpyKTYpbI CooTBeTCTBYIOT OAHOMMEHHBIM perxuMam paGorsi. MocaeqHHe Ba 43 HX Ha3prBaioT cKopocTHBmMH (HT). (Ceemanneiii peau (MM — mixed mode) npearasnauen sna cosmectumoctHt ceteii IEEE 802.1 la/g u IEEE 802.1 In — tpaguumonusie yerpoiicrea pacriosHaror MIpHCyTCTBHE CBOHX BEICOKOCKOPOCTHEIX CoBpatbes H OMIpesLesIMOT perkKUM HX nepeqaun (HanpuMep, ZIMTeAHOCTS 3axBata KaHasa), 4TO HO3BONACT HpedOTSPATHTD KOIIUSHM, OCOGEHHO B CHyYae CKpbITbIX CraHuuil, Jbi8 9Toro B cTpykType makeTos THna MM mpucyTerByIor Kak TpasMUHOHHBIe Mos — KOpoTKasL H JMIHHHAX NoXeTpocHHBIe NocteAOBaTeMbHOCTH (L-STF u L-LTF) n 3arotonoK SIGNAL (L-SIG), tax 1 nossa, HeoGxoumere za HT-pexuma. K nocaeauum oTHocates ynpasnsomee rome HT-SIGNAL (HT-SIG), a Taxxe KoporKas JUIMHHBIE MoCTPoeHHBIe HocHe_OBaTensHOcTH (HT-STF u HT-LTF). Bpemennas aarepaKa MexTy KavanamH noGannsetes ume nepen HT-nonsan Pexxum 3enenoro ross (GF) (rounee — suctoro, Hesarps3ienHoro Tons) TosBoAseT MepeslaBars jaHHBIe HanGosee xhexTHBHO. B GF-Kapax npucyterByIoT Tosbko HT-nosa, 4 TpaqHuMOHHble NpHeMHHKH IEEE 802.11 takue nocbuikH He BocrIpHMyT. HosToMy AaHHBili pexkHM OMLHOHAeH H MOxkeT HCTOMb30BATECA, TOKO ECIIM BCe CTaHUMH CeTH HojepxuBatoT IEEE 802.1 In. Ynpasnmouiee nore HT-SIGNAL coctour 13 aByx vacreli no 24 Gut Karas. ‘Dru yactH KoMpyroTes (co cKopocTsio 1/2), rlosBepraroTes TepeMexkeHHIO 1 npoueli o6paorke, kak u B cnysae IEEE 802.1 1a. Moarecyume Moaysupytorea mocpexzcTBoM BPSK, TosbKO MOAYAUHOHHBIC CHMBOJIBI CMeLeHbI Ha 90° OTHOCHTeNBHO Tpa_HUHOHHOFO Cay4as (IpHBeLeHHOTO Ha pHc. 6), T.e. Ha AMarpamMe Tpea 3Ha4enna GuToB —HT-SIGNAL 3annmaert Ba OFDM-cuMposa. 30 Samco Buc dam A A eo Lste | Lie |Lsia) Hone aan 4c Suec fame Ame Bue Ao va ITF pe En ra ( yy cy Cueuseen 7 | a] ar came | uste | Latr |Lsi@ HT-s¢ Mone nana (ted Mode) i I STE|UTSn bums auc mmc ame LIF oa Penna seponorenars| uste [HT-1S | wT-sia_ | none aawuse Puc. 5, Haxerst unneckoro yponns erannapra IEEE 802.110 Vincbopmanus, nepenasaemaa 8 HT-SIGNAL, — Homep cxembt koamposanis/Moayaauun (MCS), npusuax ups kanaza (20/40 MPu), anna TOMA AaHHBIX, Npu3HaK OueHKH Kanasia smoothing (muTerpambHas WIM Ha KaxKzIOIi NlogHecyuleli oTjeTbHO), MPUBHAK MaKeTOB MpocsyuIMBAKHs KaHasa (sounding), npusniak o6peanuenus MAC-nakeros (aggregation), womep cxemut STBC- KomMpoBatins, ykasaTesb THNa KoAUpoBatHa (BCC/LDPCC), npusiiak KoporKoro 3amTHoro mirreppasta B OFDM-cumpoaax (short GI), seo xonomtHTeNbHBIX AIMHHBIX TocTpoeHHBIX TocmenoBatembHocteit (N HT-L'TF), KonTponbHas cymma CRC x pasrpannsnreapupie 6 Gut (Tail) (pic. 6). 31 Samal arenes Arsea HT-nonm pore is she oft f2}3]4]5]6{718] 90} fr2frafr4fss}ro}17]18|19|20}21|22}23 8 = HT-SIGNAL1 = a 5 Tail a] = Eo (000000) 3] & 2 Jer co ofr fo]a|afs} el 7{s}ofio}»fia}ra}r4]as| s}17| 19}19|20}21) 22] 25 HI-SIGNAL 2 Puc, 6, Hose SIGNAL saroqonKa naxera puatueekore yponns cransapra IEEE 802.11n Koporkas nogerpoentias nocsleqoparenbHOCTs aHasorH4na TpAAHLHOHHON (c Tompankoii Ha uHe10 HenombayeMBIx HomHecyuHx). JJaMHHBIe HogCTpoeHHBIe TocneAOBATeABHOCTH CAYKAT [UIA OUHKH KaHATOR MepesasH (ZUIA KarKOTO aHTeHHOTO TpakTa), MOITOMY HX HCO He MOXKET ObITb MeHbulle, 4eM 4HCI10 mpoctpancrsenso-spemenusix notoKos NSTS. Kpome toro, HT-LTF — >to MeXaHiN3M MpocayIIMBaHHa Katiana, ostomy B Kazpe MoxeT OsITb Gombe HT-LTF, eM HeOGXOHMO JUIA Tepesa4H TOs AHHBIX HMeHHO 9TOrO KasIpa (T. e, Gombe, ‘1eM B AHHBIH MoMeHT Herlomb3yeTes mpocTpalicTReHHO-BpeMenHBIX KanaT0B). ITH JONOAHMTeNbHbIE HOcHeAOBATENBHOCTH MpeyHAsHaveH! [LIA OUEHKH KAHAITOB, RULUPBIE HEPEARIANK UpEAMUIAL AL MEHVIIDSUALD, Dn sHCCKM BDILICENASAHHUE o2auaer, 470 ec AHHH B Kanpe nepenalores, HanpHMep, Hepes aHTeHHEIe ‘rpakrbt | 2, TO B HUX HCNOAb3YIOT JWINHHBIe NOACTPOeHHBIe MOCsIeOBATeENbHOCTH HT-LTF1 « HT-LTF2. a oanoppemenno B HesateficTBoBaHHbIX aHTeHHBIX TpakTax 3 14 Moryr Tparicamponarses niocaeqonateabuocta HT-LTF3 1 HT-LTF4 aa oueHKH coorBeTerayioulnx KaHaoB. JJjHTenbHocT HT-LTF — 4 mke, B pexume GF nepsas HT-LTF papoe zamnuee. B pesysbrate npHMeHeHHs LOMONHMTeNbHBIX AHTeHHBIX TpakToB, a TaKaKe 20-H 40-MI'u kanasiop Hen BO3MOXKHBIX ckopocteli epeauH H COOTBETCTBYIOLLHX HM xem Monyataunn/KomMpoBania cymecT3eHHO BOspacTaeT fo OTHOIIEHITO K 32 Gasopomy HaGopy. IIpuiem Bo3MOxKHBI KaK CHMMeTPHMHBIe CXEMBI MOLYIIALHHE (omuHakonble B kaxkj10M pocTpaHCTBeHHOM MOTOKe), TAK H HeCHMMeTpHUHEIe (BHI MOAYASLUNH B KaXKAOM TOTOKe pasmHuen). Hpoekt onucbrBaer 110 32 cHMMeTpHIHBIE cxempt Jui 20- 4 40-MP'ut Kanauios (418 HT-pexxumos) H 110 44 acuMMeTpH4Hbie cxempt. B pesyabrare ait 20-MI'u katraton npenyemorperbt ckopocti 0 28,9 it 600 Méut/e — aaa 40-MI'u xananos. Arperuposanue naxeros na MAC-yposne Tossimerne ckopocra nepesta4i Bo3MoxHO He TObKO 3a CueT H3MeHeHMii Ha ¢bususeckom yposue. MAC-yposen 8 mpoexte IEEE 802.1 In take MogepHusuposan. Ona 13 BaxkHetiumMx OcoGeHHOcTel IEEE 802.11n — BOIMOHOCTS OOBEAHHeHHA (arperHpopanna) HecKombKHX MAC-naKeTos (MPDU) p ‘oquH naxer (usH4ecKoro yposiia PSDU (A-MPDU) (pue.7). ¥ taxoro oGbeauHeHHoro nakera MoxeT GbITb ToAbKO OHH atpec Homy4atens. [Ip TOM TOBBIMIAeTEA CKOPOCTE MepeAAuH AAHHBIX, MOCKOBKY COKpaMaeTes ysebHBI oGbem cay2xeGHolt udopmanunt (3arouOBKH H peaMOys1bI aKeToB (bu3HeCKOrO yporna). O6nerunenue naketor — oro ofiszatemnoe TheGoRaHHe, H-TOMRKO Te MPDU, xoropste tpeSyior HiAMBHAYaAbHOTO MoATREp:AeHHA MpHeMa (Ack), MoryT Tepeslabarbca KaK OTJeMBHBIE NlakeTBI. Bosiee Toro, ou MPDU Moret arperupoparb HeckoubKo aketos MSDU (MAC service data unit), npunasesannx PARIHYHBIM CepBHCHBIM TOTOKAM (pasiH4HbIM TIpHsIO‘KeHHAM) 1 OGsALAIOUMAX pAvIMYHBIMH TpeGoRAHHsMH K KaYeCTBY MpeocTaBIeHHs ycayr (QoS), HUI OBI y HHX ObuI enHHEIHi anpec MpHeMuuKa. B pesymbtate (bopMupyeTcs OGbeAHHeHHBIT MAC-naxer A-MSDU (cm. put. 7). 33 rpaniurene MPU a “ON [Fame Toran [ase] nares ono [ae | contrat Ca caine 66am 6 Gahr 2 6aina Puc. 7. Hrerpnposannsie sareionkn MAC-yponia craniapra IEEESO2.11n Jaa noatsepxactua npricma naxctop dbusiccKore yposria PSDU venlompsyeTes crenMastbHbIii MaKeT GAo4HOro noaTREpKseHHA (Block Acknowledge —BA), onncanubiii 8 cranzapre IEEE 802.1 le (noceaujen oGecrieuentio QoS). Oauako 6 IEEE 802.1 In npuenstor «cxkarbie» BA — B 910M nakere mpenyemortpennoe crannaptom TRF. 802.1 1e none nosrrepacnenna paamepom 128 Gali coxpameno 70 8 Gaiit, npHtiem Kax a { t [ caf , , | el82 | a. bs tlhe a HI zs6 A ga 2 ga e te 1 3 j } B23) $2 § i 8b | 32 if iE Puc. 8. Hepetava noepescraom arperupouanntax naxeros 1 G:10Kon HoxTBepactenutt UcodenHocts AaHHOrO pexkHMa — ero rHOKOCTS. B paMKaX OAHOTO WHKa PSMP ynpananiomaa cranuna Moxer nepeanaTh zorosmHTembHBIe naKeTtt PSMP (sub-PSMP) — 90 pexkum myststucpasHoro PSMP. B 4em ero yo6crBo? Hanpumep, kakas-uGo cTaHuua He yertema nepezaTs AaHHEle B OTBeZeHHEIT ata Hee uHTepBaT (puc. 9). Torna 8 Konue 3Toro mnTepBana ona rocbuIaer AP cneumampuniii maker (anpoc RR) c ykazaHvem HeOOXOMMMBIX STO! CTAHMH JONOAHHTEAbHBIX pecypcos. Benn ectb BosMoxHocts, AP ornpasiser B oTBeT naKer sub-PSMP, 6 KoTopom JaHHO! CTaHWMH BbIeNeH LOMOAHHTebHbI MHTepBaN Nepena4u. Jpyroit cay4aii — noteps 1aHHbix, Ecum nepenaroliad cTaHuHal He Movy4Huia Ho TBep»KLeHMs pueMa, 36 AP Takke Moxer npeocTaBHTs efi LOMOTHHTeNbHBIe Pecypest UIA HOBTOpHONL nepesam nocpeeTaom sub-PSMP. ‘osropwoa nepenave & | {M]| ameou |M | g gal(riemrre rl [uel |e z FR18H cream 8] [AR |} | & a A mee da A _ Fas ay, fasseou [eweou| Aeromonas nea a | conan Crom Te I Ee oy JAmeou scone few a? |b Flosropwas nepenove (Oum6xo neper Nee et Puc. 9, Bezerenne zonommrreatnoro oxtia neperaun aaa AockiAKH uopmanu H HOBTOPHOH oTmpaBkH 1aMHBIX B pexnMe my:nsTHasoBoro PSMP He Metiee uittepectias ocoGentiocts IEEE 802.1 In — perkim u3MeHeHiis Hanpassenns o6Mexa coequuenns. Myers cranuus A nepeaer zanHbre craniun B. Octapasict B paMkax Toro 2ke coemuHeHHA, T. e. 6e3 RONOMHMTeTBHBIX Npouesryp AOCTYn1a K KaHlaly, BOSMOXKHO H3MeHUTS HaNpapnenne neperayH — or crannun BK craniin A, a 3aTeM BHOBb NepesaTs Mpaba Tpatcnaun craHuHH A. PasyMeetes, OMHMO rlepesHicsleHEBIX OcoGeHHOcTeii, MAC-nporoKon rIpoeKTa IEEE 802.1 In skiiouaer nowlepxky Bcex H3MeHeHHii usH4ecKoro ypoBHs. OH ompeeaser cheumanbHble bopMaTbI MakeTOB KaHOPOBKH KaHasta Mepena4H, BbIGOpA alTeHH, H3MepeHHst XapakTepucTHK Kavala H Mlepeqa4M MaTpHU MapameTpos Kanama, opmuposanis quarpaMM HanpapiennoctH HT. 1. TIpedycmorpeno mpumenenue coKpamiennbix 0 2 MKc MexkKampoBbix unTeppaston (RIFS) HT. 1. 37 Tomumo cranjapra IEEE 802.1 In a1 nocrpoenua cetH c BbIcoKoit TponyckHoii crlocoGHocTHIO B pale cryyaes NpHMenseres crarsapr IEEE 802.1 1s, OcHOBHBIe O67aCTH MPHMeHEHHs TAKHX ceTeit H BOSHKaIOUINe MpOGsIeMBI OTIHCAHBI B paGorax [35], [36], [37], [38]. Saementuas Gaza aaa 802.110 TIpoussogutenn a1emenTHoii 6a361 H annapatyppr yxxe BuInycKaroT Wi-Fi- MPOgYKTHI ¢ OTAEABHBIMH Bo3MOxHOCTIMH IEEE 802.1 In. Epa 11H He nlepBoii B 9TOM HanpaBleHMH BbICTyNMa KoMNaHHA Airgo Networks (www.airgonetworks.com), ssinycKaromaa uuricer AGN300 sna nosyrepaxk MIMO- ony 8 cranjaprax IEEE 802.11 a/b/g (npoo6pas 802.1 1n). B cocras uuncera BXOJAT OsHOKpHcTambHEIHi MAC- 1 baseband-npoueccop (AGN303BB) 1 Ba ogHoKpucraspHErx zByxsHanasonnrx (2,4/5 TTu) tpancusepa (AGN3OIRF 1 AGN302RF). Onn 13 nepssix mponssognTesei mper-802.11n unnceTos craza 1 uapanisckas (bupma Metalink Broadband (www.MetalinkBB.com), stnycrupulast uncer WLANPIns 8 coctane enrnennoro tpancurepa MtWR150 1 MAC- 1 baseband-npoeccopa MtW8170. B MtW8150 Ha onHom Kpyeranae miterpupoRaret 24Ba LMpoBbIX TpaHicMBepa AIA YacTOTKOTO AMaNasoNA 4,9-5,9 [Tt ¢ HosOCo%t nponyckanna 20/40 MI'u. Tpaxcuseppi Hcrionb3ylor NpHHWT MpaMoro npeoGpasopatiiis (r.e. ¢ HYsIeBOH NpoMexkyTOUHO! YacTOTOI), a HOTOMy He nyakqaiores Bo BHeUHUX TIAB-dutbtpax. Tozulepakana kBalpatypHas MogysNLHA, BIIOTS 10 64-QAM. MtW8150 MoxHo xackanupopars su1a NomepxKU cHeTeM Gostee 4em ¢ ABYMs aHTeHHDIMH KaHasanH (HanpuMep, 4 x 4). Yun pasmepom 11x11 MM BbiTlomHeH no Si-Ge-TexHonorH, Henpskenue muTaHHs 3 B. CBHC MtW8170 noxiepxupaer dusn4eckuii n MAC-yposi cHcTeMbI CBa3H. Ona oGecneunpaer oGpatnyto cosmectumocts ¢ IEEE 802.1 1a, a rakxKe cKopocrH. mepena4H jaHHbIx 10 243 u 135 M6ut/c B 40- n 20-MI' KaHanax CooTBeTCTBeHHO. Onnoii ChC MtW8170 xoctatouno saa nonepsxKKH MIMO-Kon(purypatnit 2 x 2 2x3. 38 Kpome yrlomsnybix KoMMaHHtl, K IpOHSBOACTBY SHIICETOB ZU NOMepAKH Syaymero cranqapta IEEE 802.11n npuctynuan takue dupmst, kak Atheros Communications (uncer ARS008) u Broadcom (uuncet INTENSI-Fl). B cocras nocnegHero Bxogur MAC- x baseband-npoueccop BCM4321 1 Tpaxcuep BCM2055, npeatasiavennbie na paGorbt B AManasonax 2,4-2,5 1 4,9-5,85 TT. 1.4 Tu6puansie kananpi nepeqauu nudopmannn Ha 6a3e Padho H 1a3epHbIX TeXHOJ10rH B nactosmiee spema paccmarpuBator :1Ba OCHOBHBIX BapHaltTa ocTpoeHHs THOPHAHEIX CHCTeM CBASH, B KOTOPEIX OcHOBHON THHHeHl Mepena4H AHHBIX ABAAeTCA armocieprbiit naseprbtii Kania. Mepsbti noxxoy 3akmouaetes B HcTIomb30BaHIHIH pesepsrioro pamwoxariana c Hecyuieli sacroroii B aNanasore 2.3-6.4 Pru. Orato rakoii pesepBHbIii Kaan paGoraeT Ha ocHoBe TexHoorHH Wi-Fi. [lockoutbKy yerpolicrsa Wi-Fi oveHb uiMpoko pactipoctpavienb! Ha pbIHKe, OHH ZocTaTOUHO: JeUIeBbI, a, CuIeLOBATEITHO, CTOUMOCTS FHOPHAHOl! CHCTeMBI B esIOM BospactaeT conceM He3HauHtTeTbHO Io cpanHienmio c cuctemoii AOJIC. JIpyrum MpeMyiecTBoM Takoro pesepsHoro Kaitaia *BAIAeTCA GespazAHANe K HOTOAHBIM YCHOBHSIM, 4TO YpeSBbI4AliHO BAXKHO JIA PesepBHOFO KaHalla, T.K. 1O3BONSET 3HA4HTeAHO YReAMIMTS HaLeXHOCTS FHOpHAHOTO KaHasa B eTOM [39]. OnHAKO TOcKOALKY TaKoli pesepBIILiii Karan HeNOsLAyeT OTHOCHTEALHO 1eBLICOKYIO Hecyllyio YacTOTY, To panHOKaHan HMeeT Fopaz10 MeHBUILy}O TIponlycKHy!0 cnacaSHocrs, mo cparnenma c aTMoccepHnIn nazepHEIM KaHaToM. Takum o6pa2oMm, TepBbiii MogXxog MOSBOAAET OCTHMB OMepaTOpCKOrO Ks1ACCA HALerKHOCTH, HO CO CHIPKeHHeM MporycKHOHi cnocoSHOcTH mpH rlepexoute Ha pesepBHbIii KAKA. Octopias npo6s1ema, osHMKaIoUIas B-TAKHX THOPHAHBIX CHCTeMAX, 3aKMOMAeTCA B BbIGope ONTHMasIbHOTO aJIrOpHTMa TlepeKIOYEHHs MExKILy OCHOBHBIM KaHasIOM CBs3H Wf pesepBHBIM. 39 Bo BTopo riouxoue B KaiecTBe pesepBHoro KaHiasla mpesularaeres HeMIOMBIOBATS PAMOKAHAA B MILLIAMeTPOBOM HaNAxOHe. ‘ITO MOsBoAAeT LOCTHAS Mponyckubix croco6HocTeii su pesepBitoro KaHtata CpaBHHIMBIX ¢ OCHOBHBIM kaHasioM, T.e. ¢ aTMociepHBIM Jla3epHbIM KaHaiom. B ToxKe BpeMs BEICOKOMACTOTHBIH paxHOKAHA TAKE MOMBEPIKEH BIMSMIO HeGNArONpUsTHEIX TOTosHBIX yenOBHIi, B OCHOBHOM Tork Ia. OAHAKO, KaK y2Ke OTMeHAMOCE BBILIC, ‘TYMAH BBISBIBAeT COBCEM He3HANHTeNbHOe 3ATYXAHHE B TAKOM palMoKaHalte. Jn orenbuo Bsatoit cuctembt AOJIC tyMaHt Moxker BbISbIBaTD 3aTyXaHHs Bitors 10 120-130 aB/KM, Torga Kak B rposy mpi uiTeHcHBHOCTH ocanKoB B 150 MM/4 KoodibuyeHt saryxanue JocTHraer Bcero 25 AB/KM, 470 3HauHTeNBHO Menbulle 110 cpapHteniio ¢ TyMariom. Jb1s pazMoKanaa B MIUINMeTPOBOM AUHaTAx0He MOK b ¢ TAKOH 2KC HHTCHCHBHOCTHIO MOKCT BBISbIBAT 3aTYXAHHe j10 50 Ab/KM. B Tox BpeMs TYMAH MPAKTHYECKH He OKASbIBACT HHKAKOTO BIMAHHA Ha TAKOI paquoKanan. 3atyXaHHe, BbIZBAHHOe MOBbILIEHHO! BIA-KHOCTBIO, He MpeBBraet 5 MHOCTH AB/kM. TaKUM OGpa30M, {Ut LOCTHKEHIA BBICOKOTO YPOBHA 0c Heo8xonuM wHauMTeMBAN RaTAG MoMNeTH mH CRI. Io yenoRNE. orpanmunpaet npumerierne cHetem AOJIC 1a pacctostmax 20 0,7 km. [ks MIULIMMeTPOBOTO paslHoKaHasla yBeANMEHHe paccTOsHHA Tpebyer yRemMHeHHE BbIXOAHOM MouMHOCTH pasHonepenaT4nka, B rHOpwaHbIx cHcTeMax Mpo6seMa cucreme AOJIC 3aTyXaHus Moxker OBITS paceMorpena B ciley!OUleM KoHTeKe HeOOXOMMMO MpeoLOleTh TOMBKO 3aTYXaHHe BbIZBAHHOE OK LEM, a palMoKaHally B MILLTAMeTPOBOM sMANAZ0HE HEODXOAUMO MIpeoOsIETS 3aTYXAHHe, CBABAHHOE C TOBBIIICHHOH BAKHOCTHIO. ITO NO3BoAAeT YeTpAHHTs TpeGoRanHs Ha GomBUTO! TomHbtii 3arac MOMIHOCTH H HeGosbUIOe pacctosHHe su OGeuX cHctem. MsmepeHis nokasanu [11], 40 MpH JuIHHe KaHasia B 2,7 KM cyMMapHBie HloTepH MOULHOCTH. cocrasusin 20 1B, a yaestbHaa norepa Moumoctu pasua 7 B/KM sin AOJIC cncrems. Jaa MiTHMeTpoBoro pazHoKariana npH TaKoll ae ATHHe KaHasa B 2,7 KM Tlosas noTeps MomIHOCTH cocTaBHLIa 7 J1b, a yaembHas 2,6 1b/KM. ITH AaHHBIe GbLIM oay4eHbI MPH XOPOUTHX NOTOAHEIX YCHOBHAX, T.e. TIPH HHCTOM sicHOM HeGe. 40 Vaemmuenne koxp unventa 3atyxanus, BbISBAHHOe TYMAHOM, JuIA ONTHNeCKUX SIMHHii OOBTHHO He NpessimiaeT 6 AB/KM 3a ceKyHAY. ‘ITO O3HAMaeT, 4TO KooppUUMeHT 3aTyXaHHA JOCTaTOUHO cTaSuIeH, atarorHMHO KoIhpuNHeHTY 3aTYXaHHA BbI3BAHHOFO JO%K JEM AJA MHJIMMETPOBBIX padHOKaHasoB. OHaKO pH Gonsuoii cKopoctH BeTpa H CHABHOM TYMaHe HIM HU3KOH OOauHOCTH 3TH 3HANEHHA MOryT cHnBHO ormuarca. Jannre 3Kcrepumenta, mpoBexenHoro B pabore [11], TOKA3bIBAIOT, 4TO OGBENMHMB J1Be CHCTEMBI C HH3KUM KO3dHUHEHTOM JocTyMHOCTH 897%, HO 3aTO JOCTATOUHO AeUIeBEIe, NOMHAA OCTYNHOCTS rHOpuAHO!t cHeTeMEL MonkeT GbITs yBeAHYEHA 10 99.99%, uTO aHAOrH4HO 3HAMHTEIBHOMY yBeTHNeHHIO MOUHOCTH (Ha HecKONBKO 1B) HepexaTUHKOS MLLIMMeTpoBOrO paquoKanaita, Ananornunbie HecretoBania GbuI MpoBesenbi B paGore [40]. Takum oGpasom, Ha ccroxHAMIHHii CHB HeT FHOPHANBIX CHCTEM C BBICOKOI MporyckHOli cHocoHocTHIO ObecreUMBAIOMINX ONlepaTopcKUii KuAce HALeKHOCTH Ha paccrosnmax 10 4-x Km. Cosaane noxoGHoii cucTeMbI Moro Obi 3HAUHTeETBHO YACUIEBHTb, YNPOCTHT H YCKOPHTb HocrpoeHHe «rocseyHeli MILD, TIPeMOCTARTEHHE REICOKOCKAPACTHOTO TACTYTIA K MATHCTPAMBHRIM CETHM. HeGnaronpuatapie norogusie yononus, TakHe KaK OK, CHer, TyMaH (a TaKKE Tec¥aHas MBUTB, FOponCKOHi CMOF H pasNH4HBIe BHILBI a2pos0nel), MOryT 3H4HTeIbHO YXYAUINTS BHAMMOCTS H TAKHM O6pa30M CHH3HTb 9eKTHBHBIT AMana30H paGorbI s1a3epHLIX aTMociepEBIX HHHii cBa3H. Tak, 3aTyXaHHe cHrHaA B OMTHYECKOM KaHasle IPH CHIIbHOM TyMaHe MoxeT OXOJUUTS J10 KpHTHIECKHX 50-100 Ab/km. Tlostomy, 1 ToGbi AocTH4 oneparopeKux (11H XOTA OBI GAUSKUX K HAM) 3nauennii Hanexnocra FSO-Kanana casi, Heo6xonUMO MpHGerats K Hicnlomb30BaHHI rHOpHAHBIX peuIeHuii. TuOpuanoe paano-ontH4eckoe oGopys0BaHHe OCHOBbIBaeTCA Ha HcHIONb3OBAHHH pesepBHOrO pasHoKaHa.a (9TO HGO Wi-Fi, HGo pauopestetinas JIMHHA) B CBA3KE ¢ ONTHHECKHM KAHAsIOM. OcHOBHOe AOCTOHHCTBO Takoro peLleHHA B TOM, 4TO 3TO BBICOKOCKOPOCTHbIe GecrpoBOsLHBIe CHCTeMBI OTlepaTopeKoro Kslacca, HALEKHO (YHKIHOHUPYIOUNHE B -OOBIX MOTOMHbIX YCTOBHAX. 41 B raGanue 3 wire npupegensl TexHNueckHe XapakTepHCTHKH cyWwecTByIOUNUX Ha JaHHbIii MOMeHT Ha pbIHKe Mojlesteii sapyGerKHOro rHOpHHOTO panno- ontuueckoro oSopyxoBanua: Ta6auya 3. ‘Cropocte MaKe: Ceopoers | Ti paano- Mporsposuten. | Moen o6opyzonaimix | ommeecKoro pasouas paswo-xaviana | xavana savas aeranune WiFi G47 Lagntromre ijghtsuaw 100xA — | 100 Nowe | 72 Mounie 3000 w 5.85 Tu) 100 Mémie | 10-20 WiFIQ4 MRV TereScope Fusion 4000 1000 Mounie | MGunie Tr) . Hinopwcaua cBL AirLaser 1P 100 125 Mowe | 4.5 Mownie 2000 m oreyrereyer 100 MGurie | 10-20 AirLiny UniF$O100/155 Wii 3000 m 135 M6nnie | MGuvie Cueayer Ormeini, 410 NCHUAbSUBAHHE pesepBHULL UGupy4oBaHH MILIUMeTpoBOTO pagHOAMANaz0Ha MPUsOAMT K COKPalLeHHIO MaKcHMambHOlt paGoueli aucranun (10 2000 M) 1 peskomy nopummerto cToHMocTH (nouTH DADA pasa Jopoxke o6br4Horo FSO-pemens). [Ip Tom camo oGopystoBanHe rHGpHaHOTo kanana caa3u npexcrapaser coGoli xa pazzenbuEIx yerpoticrsa (oTse1bHO ommmueckuii 610K, 1 oTAeNbHO — pasopeneiinbiii), 170 yenoxHAeT MOHTaK BCelt cueremst. Ocraabubie Mogeam rHGpiatoro Kanara MMeIOT OTHOCITTeNbHO HeBBICOKyIO cKopocTb paaHoKaHalla, HesOcTaTOUHYIO {UIs pesepBHPOBAHHIA OCHOBHOTO onTHeckoro Kariata (Tem Gostee ruraGuTHoro), To AenaeT mpo6seMaTHADIM Hcrlomb3oRaHHe AaHHOro OSopyORAHHA TpeGoRATesIbHBIMM OrlepatopaMH CBASI. 42 2 Cnoco6ni nepeks104eHHA B rnGpanoii cucteme yaacrayet Gosee omnoro Katana cas3n. B cBa3H ¢ 3THM cpasy ke BOSHHKaeT MpoGuieMa BbIGOpa aKTHBHOTO Kavala H MexaHH3Ma Tepexmovenuis Mekily KaHatamu, [ockobKy arMociepHas OnTHMecKas AMHHA apsaeTea OCHOBHOH B rHOpHsUO! CHCTeMe, TO O¥eBHAHO HMeHHO cTaTyc 9TOH THA H JOIDKeH ONPEseATs B KAKOT MOMeHT HOIDKHO MPOHCXOAHTb HepeKMONeHHe Meakly KAHAAMU: ECM B sa3epHOM KanaIe OOHApyxeHa MOTeps CRAB, TO NOWKHO MPOHCXOAUTS repekMOYEeHHE Ha palHoKaHall. AHAJOPH4HO, KAK TONBKO B J1a3epHOM Kallgiie BoccTaHlapubaetes eB3L, TO OH BLIGUPAeTes B KaueeTBE aKTUBHOTO, OnHAKO TpemnoroxkerHe 0 TOM, TO HHopMantis 06 ypoBHe cHrHana AOCTyTIHa, MOxKET Guirs npoGrematHuHAIM. Tem He MeHee, B GommmuHeTRE paGor, Hanpumep [15], Mpenoaraetea, 470 9Ta HHopMauHA HMeeTeA B pacrlopwKEHHH, OHA LOCTATOHHO ‘Toula U npeyoctasnsetea cBoeBpeMenHo. Kpowe toro, uro6ui oGecriewTe GecnepeGoliniyio cBa3b, B rHOpHLAHOH cucteMe HeoGXOAHMO rapanTHpoBATs CHHXPoHHsaLMO MpHeMoneperaTankon, O6pasyioulnx Kalai H HaXOJSINHXCS Ha JOCTATONHOM yraneHUM Apyr oT Apyra. Jka atoro MoryT GsiTb NPUMeHeHO MHOXKeCTBO TOLXogoR. Hanpumep, sui HepenadH HeoOXCAMMoli cay2keGHoli mHopmanun Moxker 6bITb HcTOnB3ORAH eULe OMH AOTIOMHUTeAIbHBI Hagexnbili kaa, Apyroli papuant saktouaeres B HCTOL30BAHHM MexaHIaMa caMocuHXxponusayun, KoTOpbIli Gbu OnucaH B paGore [41]. Bone mpocrsie cueTeMbL oGbI'4H0 eTpagaior oT GoabUIHX BpemeH nlorepu cBA3H (LT, link loss times) Bo BpeMs rlepexmouennis Kartaton. Eue OH MexaHH3M, XOTA 1 CoBceM HeHageAubti, MOXKET ObITb BBIBEeH 13 TeopeMbI B3AMMHOCTH: ECAH Ie dHOMOKEHHE 0 TOM, YTO Ge croponsi B pesysIbrate u3MepeHiA YPoBHA CHTHasIa MOTYYAIOT OAUHAKOBOE 311a4eHHe, To Ge cHcTeMbI OyAYT MepekmowaTbes Ha CooTReTeTRYIOMUMT Kana oHoppemeniio. Onepaums neperuOdeH MOKEL Goll BBIIQIHEHA © HUMULBIO LMpUKULO Kpyra CHCTeM, paGoTaIOLUX Ha pasI4EbIX YPOBHAIX CeMHYPOBHEBOI Moe poanMogeiicroHia OTKpLITEIX cHicTeM OSI. BuiGop KomkpeTHoii cricTeMbt octIopLIDaeT 43 Ha TAKHX MapaMeTpax KaK BpeMa peaKIWH Ha H3MeHAIOUIMeCA yesIOBHA (T.e. 3aslepxkka), OrpaHHeHHA To MpontycKHoii cnlocobHocTH H Bpema LLT. OnHaKo 3aacTYIO OKa3bIBACTCA, UTO TpeGoBAHHs Ha ObICTPEIit OTKANK CHCTEMBI, ompbexTHBHoe HCMOABIOBAHHe MIponyckHOHi COCOGHOCTH H HaLeKHOCTS ABNAOTCA HECOBMECTHMBIMH, TEM CAMBIM HEDKeHep, NPOeKTHPYIOUUNi CeTb, BLINY ACH BbIOMpaTE HaNGosIee BAKHYIO AIA NocTaBNeHHO! Mepes HAM 3aqauHt xapakTepHeTHKy. HanGonee npocroii croco6 peatmanuu Mexanu3Mma nepeKmouenns saKmouaetes B cpaBHenMH ypoBus romysenHoro onTu4ecKoro curuasa (ORSS, optical received signal strength) ¢ noporopbim sHa4enuem. OgHaKo jaHHbili MeO TOsBepKeH HeraTHBHOMY BAHAHIO Co cTopoHs! KoneGanHii B ypoBHe cHrHama ORSS, «To Kak cneaeTBHe MpHBOsUT K HeMONycTHMBIM BpeMcHaM niotepH cBa3sH LT [5], [42]. Taxoe noseqenne coxpansetes 8 HesaBHcuMocTH OT Toro, coBnayaer JH TOpor ¢ 4YBCTBHTENBHOCTHIO MpHEMHHKa HH HET. TakHM OGpasom, HeoOxXoAHMO PACCMOTPeTs APYTHe AIFOPUTMBL LA MeXAHH3Ma NepeKMOYEHHA, BKIUOYAS Rpemennoit 1 MomnoctHoit rHeTepeane, dumerpanio W parmrannre wx KOMGMHATTOEE Oanako Kakoii 61 anroputM He Gsim BEIGpaH, B OGM cmy4ae HeOGxoAuMO TIpHiiTH K KOMNPOMHCCy MexKY HasleKHOCTHIO CHCTEMBI, T.c. NOCTYMHOCTBIO KaHama, Hoek THBHBIM HerIOsIb30BAHHEM MponycKHOH crocoGHocTH. FockombKy MponyckHad COCOGHOCTS pasHoKaHaila OObMHO MeHBUIe YeM y J1a3epHOro. armocipepHoro KaHasia (ocoGeHHO eciIH B rHGPHLAHOH cHCTeMe HcTONBsyeTes HU3KOUACTOTHBIH paquoKaHa), To O6ulat cpeHAN NponycKHaA crocoGHOcTS THOpHAHO!t cHcTeMEI GyseT 3aBHICeTH He TOABKO OT KOIpdpuNHeHTA AOCTyTHOCTH aTMoctbepHoro s1asepHoro Kaitaia, HO H OT HeMlomHOTO HcHONBsOBAHHA stasepHoro kaHasla, KoTOPOe oripeslenseTeA BLIGOPOM MeXaHH3Ma rlepeKNOYeHHA. XOTA OGbI4HO OcHOBHas LeNb NocTpoeHHA rHOPUsHDIX CHCTeM sBILIETCA yBeTIUEHHE HaeKHOCTH BASH, HO TaIKKe He CTONT 3a6bIBaTb HO NponycKHoli crlocoGHocrH. HostoMy Kpome OTpaHHYeHHA Ha OCTYTHOCTS CHCTEMBI B eTOM, HEOOXOAHMO TaKKE YeTAHOBHTS 44 Bepxuuii nopor HeHcnoss0BaHNA arMocdepHoro slaxepHoro KaHasIa, HO NOsBOALIET TapantTuposath MHHUMasIBHYIO MponyckHy!o cnocoSHoeT. 2.1. Mommocrnoii rucrepesuc (PH, power hysteresis) Tpumentere momiocritoro ricrepesiica locTaTouto IIMpOKO pacnpoctpaneno B pasnH4nbIx OGsacTAX 9TeKTPOHHKH, CBs3H H OGPAboTKH curtasios. LlesibI0 HcHOsb30BAHHA MOLHOCTHOFO THcTepesiica sBILIeTCA cra@kupanine HexkKeraTeabHBIX KoeGaHHii B ypoBHe OMTHYecKOrO CuTHasta, TEM caMBIM MpesOTBpallas CJIMUIKOM YacTBIe OMepallHH 110 MepeKmoyeHHe Mey kaHasami, DyHKUHs rucTepesHica LOIKHA OBIT OMpemesIeHa Tak, HTB OHA 3aBHcena OT AMMITYsIbI KosIeGaHHii curHaa. Bone Toro, ¥TOObI rapaHTHpoBarb yBeAMYeHHe KOXppHUHeHTa AOCTYNHOCTH Bceli THOPHAHO! CHCTeMBI B LesIOM, HeoGXo”UMo 4TOOBI HPKHMH Mopor Obi yeTaHOBNeH B 3HaYeHHe GonbuIee Hit PaBHOe YYBCTBHTEMBHOCTH NIpHEMHHKA. YeTaHOBHB Goslee BBICOKHH Topor MOxKHO HOGUTECA eute GombUtero KoapUUHeHTa LocTyTHOCTH cHcTeMBI. C Apyroli cTopoHEI Goace BBICOKHM Nopor AOWKEH GpITD yeTaHoBICH AVIA Tore, 4TOGbI dayKTYAUHH B YpoBHe OnTHYecKOrO CHTHazIa He BBISbIFATH OrlepaLtio MepeKTOMeHHA 10 Tex Mop loka B arMocibepHOM na3zepHOM KaHasle He HAuHYT BOZHUKATE OMIOKH. OAHAKo Gosee BBICOKHIi opor MOxeT MOMeLIATS BOBPeMs OGHAPY2KHT KPHTHYECKHE WAMeHeHMS R KAHANE, UTO HEHRGexHO NpHRETeT K RPeMeHHO MoOTepe CRSA MH KAK CAeACTBHE YMeHBIIEHHIO JOCTYNHOCTH Bceli THOpHAHO! CHCTEMBI B LesIOM. 2.2. Bpemennoii rucrepesuc (TH, time hysteresis) Bpemennioii rnetepesie 910 apyroii crioco6, onepupytomunii HenocpencrReHHo Co 3HaeHHAMH ypOBHA ONTHYecKOTO CHTHaTa H TaIKKe MOIBOAAOMLHIL TpenorapariTs yMeHbIIeHHe MpoHsBOANTeABHOCTH FHOPHAHO! cHeTeM 13-34 Miorouncaennbix onepanuii nepexmouenna, B zaniom anropitme onpenensetca ‘TOULBKO OHO MoporoBoe 3HAYeHHe, KOTOPOE OM1ATb 7KE OIKHO ObITb BBILE HII pannio 4ynctantenbriocrH npHemmuka. Een yponents ontHecxoro curnasa B 45 IIpHeMHuKe MlepecekaeT rloporoBoe 3HaveHHe, TO MeXAHH3M MposloIMKaeT cuTeMHTb 3a YpoBHeM chrHasia B TeveHHe onpeseneHHoro MepHoga okHAAHHA T. EcaH 3a 9TOT Tepiiog yponens roporosoro savers Sombile He Mepecekames, TO MpousBoquTCA onepaius repekstovenus. B nporHBHON cily4ae TaliMep OTCHMTEIBAIOLLMI HepHor oxnanna cOpacsipaeres. B otamune or paquoxaniana, aTmocibepubtii ontueckuii Karam He nozBepxeHt TocTerleHHOMY YXY/ALHHIO KayecTBA CBSSH, a TepseT CBI3b Pe3KO BO BPEMsL nactyruens tymana [15]. Takum o6pasom, (bay kTyauHHt He TOABKO BBISBIBAIOT YMeHbuleHHe mpontyckHoi croco6HOCTH, Ho H MomHYt0 MoTepIo cBa3H. [ostomy uToObI YAOBeTBOPHTS TPeGoBAHHAIM JOCTYMHOCTH rHOpHLAHOTO KaHalTa, BpeMeHHOH THcTepesHe MPUMeHAeTeA TOTBKO AIA MepeKMOMeHHIA c panHoKanara Ha aTmoc(epHbiii slaseprbiii Kantian. Kak Toko AOJIT tepacr cBa3b, TYT Ke Mpovtexoaur onlepaunsa repexmouenns Ha patuoKanan. [pu Takom noxxoze, doyxryanim 1 sorsanHbre umn nepHoss1 Bpemenm, Kora B AOJIIT npeoSnaxaiot ONOKH, MoryT He YUHTHIBATECA, T.K. B >TO BpeMa GysleT aKTHBEH paNHoKaniat 2.3, Ounprpauns (Filtering) ®uirpauuia 910 ewe oH crloceS yMeHLULUTE KosIeGaHHA B 3HANeHAX YpoBHA OnTHMecKoro cHrHaa. B OGOM cay4ae uabTP omKeH OGnANATE xapakrepueTHKaMn (PUNKTpA HIOKHMX WACTOT, UTOGRI REXOHO cUrHAN OTpAKAT AOATOCPOUNBIe HIMCHEHHA B YPOBHe CUTHaL1a BEISBAHHbIe H3MeHeHUAMH NOTOAHBIX YeuOBHii H B TOKE BPeMs TIO BOIMOXKHOCTH H3GaBIAI OT CHYYAHHBIX KOsIeaHHi. THT u nopagox dbunstpa N Moxer GuiTb BEIOpaH MPou3BOAbHO, HCXogA H3 ycnOBHA oSecnevenus HanGoabueli xoctynuocTH ru6pusnoro Kanata, Hanpumep, Moet GuiTb HeriomE30BaH dpHAIbTp co ckosIb3AMLelt cpeaHeli (MA, Moving average) HH ¢ OKCTIONEHUMAIbHO BBeLIeHHON cKOAB3sNeH cpemeli (EWMA, exponentially weighted moving average). OxHako Hxb1pbI NOWKHBI ObITb CIpoeKTHPOBAHEI OH AKKypaTHO, CrAAKUBAA BHIXOHO!i CHTHAN HB TOXKE BpeMA TO3BOTAA CBOeBPEMEHHO OOHAapy:KIITS KPHTHeCKHe H3MeHeHHs B ypoBHe orTH4ecKoro cHrHama. Kak 46 noKasano B paGore [15], @unbTpEI, npuMeHenubte k ORSS, crawkupaior curHas, yerpaniaa Hexenarenbuble KoneGaHHs. C TOHKH 3peHHA cri@kUBaHHe HaMTy HUME pesyibrarbi JaeT MeTO cKomBSAUIeli cpzaHell, onHAKO ¢ APyroii CTOpoHEI OH He Tlo3BouseT CBOeBPEMeHHO OTPEArHPOBATL Ha KPUTHYECKHE HBMEHEHHA B ypoBHe curuaza, DHIbrpsl BICOKUX MopayKoB TaKKe CTpagaioT OT STO! NpoGseMBI. PustTp EWMA ne gaer taxoro crnaxupanua curnana, kak oOuIuHBIi MA, 3aT0 on nlo3pox1ser 6bICTPO pearupowars Ha rloTepio cBsI3H B KaHaTe. TaKHM OGpa3oM, AOIKEH GuITb HaliyeH KOMMPOMHCE, KaKOli UIBTP H KAKOTO MOpAAKA B3ATE 3a ocuosy. Tocae npumenenus bunbrpa k curuany, Moxer GbiT ucriom30BaHL oGuiuuieili airopurm cpasHenua ¢ HoporosLiM 3HaveHHeM, Ec koadpuyuent nepenasn ¢atbTpa paper 1, To noporopoe 3HateHHe ZOMKHO GEITs GombuLe HTH paBHo uysersurenbHoem npHemunKa. Eos xe KoxdepuuneH nepesjan dutsrpa Goabure 1, To BosMoxktbI axe Goree HU3KHe HoporosBIe 3HAIeHHA. 2.4 KomOnnnpopannele airopuTMbi OxcBnano, Take BOSMOAKHO HCTOMB30BaHHE Gosce OAHOTO 13 ONMCAHHEIX BILLIE MeTOjIOB NlocueOBATeAHO NPUMEHAA KarkjUbIii U3 HUX. OqHaKO B paGore [15] ToKazaHo, TO KOMOMNNPOBAHHLIe MeTONLI He AAIOT HUKAKOTO OLLYTHMOFO TpeMyllecTBa To cpaBHeHHO C MeXaHIZMaMH, OCHOBAHHEIMH Ha BpeMeHHOM HIM MomHOcTHOM rHeTepeauce uM uoTeTPANUH ROT AEMEHOCTH 47 3 Marematnyeckas Mogeb rH6puqHOrO OecnpoBoqHoro KaHaJa CBA3H C XOJIOHbIM pe3epBOM 3.1 Onucanne MaremaTHuecknx Mogeneii rHOpHAHOrO GecnpoBoAHOrO KaHa.ia CBE3H B aantiom nlogpassesie MoctpoeHa H HccseAOBAHa CTOXACTHHECKAs MOjIeIIb, onlicbibaioulas byHKUHOHMpoBaHHe ruGpUAHOTO KaHaa cBASH. BasoBbili NOAXO K ToctpoeHMio H arlamHsy MoAOGHBIX Moseneit onncan B [43]. Moxeas npeactasaser coGoli cucremy Maccoporo oGcalyxuBanis THnka M/M/1 ¢ ABYMa BOIMOxTIMH CKOpOCTAMH OGery2KHBaTHA (CM. puc. 10). lla me P* 6 + Q: Puc. 10. Moaea» rnGpnanore Kanata esi BXossUHli MOTOK 3a BOK B cHeTeMy — cTanMoHapHBIli nyaccoHoBCKHi ¢ TlapameTpom 4. YUcs10 MecT 18 OxKHTAKMA Heorpann4eHnno. Tipu ucnons3opannn k-ii ckopocta (k-ro perkHMa) BpeMst Oc :KUBAHHS {AHBKH Pace EHEHO IKCLOHEHUMAIBHO € HapaMerpoM 4h, k ~ 1,2. Tipu 310M, TlomaraeM, 410 ft; > fy. Bpemst uctiomb3opanns k-li ckopoctH orpaniueHto 1 xapakTepusycTer aGcomorHo HenpepprsHoll caywaiinolt BonrmHoli &, uMcrourCi 48 TUIOTHOCTS FHMepoKCHOHEHYMANIbHOFO pacnpeyeseHHsA BTOporo NopalKa at P pite™ +A-pise® Fa Eca ppema niepnoro pexxuMa sanepiaetes (OAK cranopntes HeqoctynnEM), Texyulee o6cnyxuBane 3asBKu (nepesaua naKera) npepsiBaeres m cHcTeMa nepexosur Ha Bropoii pexkuM paGorsI (veTIonbIOBAHHe panuoKaHasta). Cpasy nocne nepexosia Ha BTopoii pexum OGcay:KHBAHHe NaKeToB He MpousBosuTeA. CucTeMa JOIDKHA BBDKLaTb BpeMs Q>, Hi CJM 3a 9TO BpeMs BTOPOii pexKHM paGoTsI He sanepumaes (¢; > Q;), To No ueTe4eHHH BpemeHH QO, HaMHaeTes OGenYMBAHHE 3asBKH (Mlepesla4a MaKeTa) Ha BTopoii cKopocTH (no pazHoKanany). [pH 9ToM. Mpesirionaraem, To 3atBKa, OOcAy7KHBANHe KOTOPOii TO ONTHYeCKOMY KanamTy OBIO Mpepsano, oScny:KHBaeTes 3aH1OBO. To creaenmm spemenn paGorst sroporo pexkuma (Korda OAK Kattan BHOBD. CTAHOBHTeS LOCTYNHBIM) CHCTEMA, NPOLOIDKAd OGCHY>KHBATH 4A51BKH BO BTOPOM PeKUMe, HASmOMAeT AOCTyTHOCTE ONTHYecKOrO KaHasIa To BpemeHH. H ecan OAK AoctyneH B TeveHHe onpeseneHHoro BpeMeHH, To Mo UcTeYeHMH 3TOrO BpeMeHHL cuerema nepexoaur Ha nepsbili pexum paSorsi (omru4eckHii Karas). [Ip 9TOM 3aABKa, B XOsIe OOCAY:KUBAHHA KOTOPO! NPOHSoULIA cMeHa pexuMa, OcayaUBAeTER 3aHOBO Ha HOBO! CKopocTH. 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Hcxoaa 13 nponopunonasbHoctH zTHHbI KaHaca H MJIB, mpi KoTopoit ONTHYCCKHI KAHAT CTAHOBHTCA HEQOCTYTIeH, MOXKHO BEIBeCTH OpMysTY AIA TlapaMerpos paciipeyeieHHA JLIHTebHOCTH paGoTsI pesepBHOrO KaHala MIPOH3BONBHO JUIMHBI: nate). 1,2, b= 1.46 guia PasaricKoit oGsactn, lo= nv@ rye .5 KM, I= nporsoKenmoer’ AUMUI fs KILIOMELPAX, & 7/'(l,)— LapaMerpbl PMUePIKCHOHEHUMAIDHOLO pacripegenenus szrenbHocTH paGoTbI pesepsHioro Karama MpotwxeHHOCTHIO 4.5 KM, 66 KoTopbie mpupeslenbi Ha Puc. 11 B MHHyTaXx. 0.18 016 oa a2 runepaxcnovenTa (p = 0.65, y*= 0.345, x2 = 0.014): 1 m, = 26.08 , m, = 3955), m, = 699351 BepoaTHocte oa 4 ‘SkCNepHMEHTaNbHBIE ABHHBIE mM, = 26.08 ,m, = 3355 , m, = 692961 06 4 akenoHeHTa: m, = 26.08 , m, = 1360 ,m, = 106377 ooh ' 4 oo2 ~~ 4 0 ai Sst — SS 0 10 20 30 40 50 0 70 Ea AnienbHocTe paGoTel OAK Ges yreTa nepeKniovennit (42) Puc 17 Aeenepusenramuin noayuouuad quereMuoers paforus amrumeccare aTMochepHoro Kanasia H ce ANTpOKCHMALHA Tak kak mpm 13MeHeHMH zuTeMb:OCTH paGoTEI pesepBHOTo Katasta H3MeHseTCH AAHTeABHOCTS paGOTDI OIITHECKOTO, TO GyaeM CuHTATS, 4TO 3aBHCHMOCTS HapaMeTpos pacripesesenar ANuTembHOCTH paors! 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Tipeanoaaraem, 410 MOTOK 3a8BOK B CHCTeMY sABJLAeTeA TIpocTeHLHM C napamerpom 4 . Cuctema mMeer 1a oGcay>kHBAaIOUIHX MpHopa, Bpemena Oca KHBAHHA Ha KOTOPbIX MMCIOT IKCHOHEHUMAaNbHOe pacnpesesenne c nlapamerpamn /; Hu ;, COOTBETCTBEHHO. Tlpeqnosaraem TakxKe, YT0 BTOpoii pHGop ABMAeTCA AOCOMOTHO HaexKHBIM, & paGora nepsoro npHGopa (onTH4eckoro KaHasia) npencraBsset coGoii ‘udepeAYIOUIMeCa MPOMeXxKYTKH JOCTYNHOCTH H HeAOCTYMHOCTH KaHama. ITH NepuosBI onmesisatores abcomorHo HenpepsiBHbiNH c:ysaliHbiMu BesMMMHAMN S. mS, coorseterseHHo. 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GbITb BBIMHCIeHBI CuIeLyOULHM OGpas0M: Fi=E,, F=4,(-Q,- 4,G,)", F,= 4-9 - AG)", F,=F,,A(-O - AG)", 23, re E. -enmimanas Marpuna paamepa ?, Marpunst Gs 1G, onpenensiores Kak G,=(-O- AGY'B, G,=(-O,- AG"B.. amarpna G naxosutes Kak peuienue MarpHunoro ypasneria: B+OG+AG* =O. (32) Marprtice ypasnenne (32) Moxer ObiTb pemleHo ¢ MOMOMIbIO HTepaLHOHHOt cxeMbt 6° GY =-0"(4(G") +B) 21 amarpuua G onpexenseres kak mpenen O 71 4.2.3 XapakrepHcTHKH NpOH3BOAHTeABHOCTH CHCTeMBI BpIl4HcsMB CTALIMOHApHoe pactipeneeHHe BepoATHOCTeH COCTORHHH CHCTEMBI, MOXKHO HaiiTH crleAYIOULHe XapakTepHCTHKH MpOH3BOAHTETBHOCTH: Zona ncnoxpsonanns nepaoro npuGopa (no oTHoMIeHHIO K oSIeMy HME oGcHy:KeHHBIX 349BOK) Hy 1 +2, ()——)_1 _ 1.042.078 lm Zlona ucnonb30BaHHA Broporo NpHSopa P,=1-2P. Cpeaniee uneno 3asnoK, oGcay:xeHHEIx i-m mpuGopom N,=AP, ¢=1,2. 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PaccuHTbIBAeTCA BpeMs HIMEHEHHA pexkUMA paSoTbI CHCTeMBI. 3aTeM BBIUICALIeTCA KONHECTBO LeNbIX HlepHodoR pereHepayut TOMeMAIOUIXCA MerKALY TEKYILLNM MOMeHTOM BpeMeHIH Ht CMeHOH perkHMa padoTDI. Tloce storo Bpema B MosesIM yBeTHUHBAeTeA Ha WesTOe 4HICsIO TepHOLOB pereHepauun, a craTHeTHKa OOHOBIIETEA COOTBETETBYIOUINM OOPA3OM, 4TOObL yueers TaKoli nepeckok Bo Bpemenu. Takum oGpasom, (bakTHeckH HMUTALMOHHaS Mojesb paGoraer B MOMeHTEI BPeMeHH, rpaHHalline ¢ MOMeHTAMH eMeHBI pexkUMa paGoTbI B H6pHaHOi cHeTeMe. Takas ontHMapanis asa 3Ha4HTeMbHOe yMeHbuIeHHe BpeMeHH oOcHeTA HMHTANMOHHBIX Momeselt. TIpH HeOOXODHMOCTH AaHHas ONTUMHBAIINA MOET OBITS orkmouena. Zvi cpabnenns pesyuibra1ue © MCLONbSOBAHHEM OILLHMHSAMH H Ges Hee GbLIO MpoBegeHo HUCAeHHOE MoAeUPOBAHHe, KOTOPOE HOKa3aI0, TO HoMyHeHHBIE e3yABTATHI HACHTHMHBI H, CCAOBATEAIBHO, MPHMeHCHHe oreaHHOHi BoILIE onTuM3auuin yonyctuMo. Tlomumo pexuma ¢ onTumuzayued, nporpaMMuLtii maker noswepacupaer ene HeCKOMBKO PexkUMOB PASOTbI, KOTOPHIE B OCHOBHOM HCTIOMTB3YIOTCA ALIA OTNAAKH: 90 ¢ Ectb BosMoxktocTs oTkmounTS u3MeHeHHA noromHBIx ycnoBuii. B stom cayae rHOpiutias cHcreMa Gyset paGoratb BOLHOM pexUMe Ha IpOTHKEHAH cero 9kcnlepuMeHta. ¢ Ect BosMoxHocts NoaHOcTbIO OTKOUNTS OHH 13 KaHANOB CBASH. © Ectb Bo3MoxHocTs BHO 3eaTb MoMeHTH BpemeHH, Koraa GyaeT H3MeHsTBeA Moroga © Ectb Bo3MOxKHOCTS BHO 3a/1ATb MOMeHTBI BeMeHH, Kora GyAyT HocTynaTs 3aaBKH B CHcTeMy Ykasanuble BbILIe PeXUMBI He HCTOABIOBANHCH UIA HOMYHEHHS KOHEYHBIX pesyibTaToB, OAHAKO CHLIHO ynpoCTHLIN Mpouece OTHAAKH MpesIcTaBseHHOTO NaKeTa nporpam. 5.8 BxoaHbie napamerTpi BxogHbiM rlapaMeTpst u1A pacera MOryT OBIT 3az1aHbI ABYMA criocoSaMu: = C noon rexcrosery property-paiiua © Henocpenersento B rpadiieckom nitepheiice Hinke npipesiest nosiHbili er1HcoK BXOHBIX tlapaMeTpoB, KOTOPHIE MOxKHO BapbUpoBar B 3aBHCUMOCTH OF 1peGYeMbIx pacueTos: Ta6nnua 4 Tlapamerp Bosmoasnpre siiaserns / ‘Onneanne Fauna waepenust ExperimentType ONE_VALUE, AVG_VALUE, | 3aaer Tum 9kenepamenta VAR_FLOWS, VAR_RO_SWITCH_TIME, VAR_OR_SWITCH_TIME, VAR_RO_OR_SWITCIL_TIME, VAR_BAD_ WEATHER P, VAR_BAD_WEATHER_AV_I, 91 VAR_BAD_WEATHER_AV_2, VAR_BAD_WEATHER_AV_FA. CTOR, VAR_GOOD_WEATHER P, VAR_GOOD_WFATHER_AV_I. VAR_GOOD_WEATHER_AV_2, VAR_GOOD_WEATHER_AV_F ACTOR USE_ANALYTICS Boolean, true/false ‘Onpeneaser Oyaer su ncriommacnaia ontHMHsauia Ro pens mMiTTantHOHHOTO Mosteamponaits. Veniospsyeres Toko 218 MMHTALMOHHBIX MojleneH OUTPUT_FILE ‘Cipoka, 10 yMouriaiiio ouLesv Banger uma palin © peryanrarann pacueror THROUGHPUT_OPTI | Panwonarsioe, noxoxntenHioe | Sataet nponyexnyio cs sHc.10, cnocoSuocrs 1.18 onTHYeCKOrO Mbps anata cBasn THROUGHPUT RADI | Paiowarsoe, noxoxurensuoe | 3axaer mponycKnyio ° MeO, Mbps criocoSHoeTs Jam pano Kaira Bast EXPERIMENT_LEN PaiHonaibuoe, HoxoxKUTeMHOe ‘une, Toast Thurrenbiioer» 9xcnepaienta B Tomax. EXPERIMENTS_NUM BER Harypaisnoe anes, 0 yatouuaniio 10 ‘Ynes1o akenepHMEHTOR HeoGxo,aHMENX {Lim YepenHeHm pesyabrara, TURN_OFF_WEATH ER Boolean, true/false Tlosnoaaer oremowre WsMeHenHe Moroabt & oxemepmmerite, B octosiiow Menosbayeres sia orate. TURN_OFF_OPTICS Boolean, true/false Tlosnoaser oTKHOGHTS ormecknii Kaa. B ocHoBHoM 92 Hemostb3yeTCA ALIA OT-IATKH. TURN_OFF_RADIO Boolean, true/false Tlosnoaaer onemosnre patnoxaias, B octioniiom HcnosBayerca saa OTIaIKH. BAD_WEATHER_P Paysonaimnoe HueH0 43 npomexyrka (0, 1) Bepoatiocms pe runepaxeronenuMa:tsti0s acrpestemeniit 3ajtaroutim JUUNTETBHOCTS MIOXo!i MOTONBE BAD_WEATHER_AV 1 PaionambHoe, noxoxUTEMHOe Munyrst (Cheitias nponomanrenuocrs LIOAUI MUTUAL E BEPUALHUE LEED P. BAD_WEATHER_AV 2 PaioniaibHoe, HoOxKHTEMbHOe ‘unes10 Munyrst Cheats nponosxnitensHoct TA0Xoii Moros € BEpOsTHOCTHIO Lp. GOOD_WEATHER P Paioriambroe aHen0 43 mpowerxyrxa (0. 1) BepoatHocth p B rimepoxcrionentitaestont pacnpesteneHnn sasaronts suntreabHocrs xopomtelt norostet GOOD_WEATHER_A vi PaionanbHoe, HoxoxKHTEMBHOS uHeI0 acu (Chemin nposomanrennocrs xopomteit norotst ¢ heposTiocrEi0 p. GOOD_WEATHER_A v2 Panwionarmsiioe, noromuTenniioe ‘nico aces Cpeatiaa nponomacitenmnocts xopomteit norotst ¢ nepostuocrsio 1-p. ‘SWITCH_OR_IIME PaiHoHATbHOe, HoIOARUTEMbHOe ‘unes10 Cexynant pena nepexmouenia ¢ onmHYeckoro Kalai Ha pamoKaniat SWITCH_RO_TIME PannonaiibHoe, HorOxHTENBHO sanes10 Cexynati Bpewsrepexmosien ¢ paaioxanauta Ha orrrnyeckoro ania PACKET_INTERVAL PaionambHoe, NoxoxKHTEMbHOe Muaumceryn au ‘Chemiee Bpewa MexKay DNOsIAMIUINE HaKOTANT © aHHbIN PACKET_LEN Lenoe, ‘Cpeaiiit paaep naxeror 218 93 Balint mepenaun aHHbIX SWITCH_OR_TIME_F Paionambnoe, HoxoxuTeMHOe Haviaotioe aiavene ppewenn ROM sncx0 nepexsovenns c omrtusecKoro Cexynati kaviasia Ha pastwoKania mpH ero Rapauporarinn, TIpamenumo toabko ja okcHIepHMeHtTa BaPSHPORAHHEM BpemeHH nepeK movers ¢ OMTHECKOrO KaHalIa Ha palo SWITCH_OR_TIME__ | Paimonainoe, 1 Konesnoe siasienue apenent TO snen0 nepexsovenna ¢ omrrusiecKoro Cexynati kaviasia Ha paswoKania mpH ero appuiponarim. TIpamenmo To:1bK0 Jt oxcrlepiMenita c pappipoattiien. peMentt nepex:niowens ¢ onmiyeckoro KaHasia Wa paHo Kana, ‘SWITCH_OR_TIME_S TEP PaiwonanbHoe, HoIOKHTEMHOS ‘unen0 Cexynati Illar mpi waMerenm spemenit nepekmouenus c orrHuecKoro kaiasia Ha paqwoKana npH ero Bapsuponannn. Tipumenuno tonpKo 111% SRCHEPHMEHTA © HAPHEPOKAHEM BPeMeHH MeperstioveHns ¢ onmH4eckoro KaHasia Ha patito kana. ‘SWITCH_RO_TIME_F ROM PaiwtoriambHioe, HoxoxkTeEMbHOe ‘unes10 Cexysines Havaibnoe aniayenne spemenn Tlepexmovenns e patokartasia Ha onTuseckuii KaHia pa ero BapsHponari, TIpamenuo tospko 218 okerlepHMenita ¢ BapbHpoBaluem 94 BpeMeHH MepeKTOUEHHA C patioKanana Ha onrTHecKHii kana. SWITCH_RO_TIME_ TO PaionambHoe, noxoxUTEMHOe neo Cexynxsi Konestioe auaienie ppemenu Tepexmouenms c paawokaraa Ha onmmueckuii Kana pu ero. Bapsuponannn. TIpnmenuMo Tos1bK0 218 okcilepHMeHta ¢ BapbupowanueM ppemenn nepexsovenna © Ppalokanasia Ha ONTHYECKHiT kana, SWITCH_RO_TIME_S TEP PayoHambHoe, noxoxUTEMHOe aHca10 Cexynabi Tllar apa wamenenun apeneun Tepexsmovenna c patwoxasasia Ha onHueckuii kanaa mpu ero napsuporari, TIpunenuMo Tos1bKo 218 okCHIepHMeHtTa C BapsHpORAHHEM BpemeHH nepekmoyeHts ¢ paioxariaa Ha onrH4eckHit kana, PACKET_INTERVAL, _FROM PanHoiaiibioe, HOIOKHTENEHO sen0 Musumcexysust Havabnoe anavenne cpeanero TPOME:KYTOK BPEMeHH MEKIY AIBYMa HOcieNOBATesIIEIMH draweraoni € saaEbaNt, Tipamennmo ToxKo 218 oKcrlepHMentTa ¢ BapsHponaHeM 9Toro MHTepBazia. PACKET_INTERVAL _TO PaiwtoriambHioe, HoxoxkTeEMbHOe ‘unes10 Musumeexyaist Konestioe sniavienne epemero TpoMexkyTok BpeMeHH MerKiIy JIBYMS HOCITE;OBATEIBHBIMH naxeraMn ¢ sane TIpamenuo tospko 218 okerlepHMenita ¢ BapbHpoBaluem 95 9Toro HHTepBalta. PACKET_INTERVAL _STEP Paionambnoe, HoxoxuTeMHOe uca0 Musumtcexysu Tilar npa wameneman snasienns cpeauero npomexkytox apement Mealy JIByMa ocneqORATETHHKIMH MaKeTAMH ¢ saHnIN, TIpamennmo TossKo 218 oKcHIepHMeHtTa ¢ BaPBHPORAHTEM 9Toro HuTepBaia. DAD_WEATIIER ROM Paumonaapnoe aneno 13 npomexyrxa (0, 1) Tiasranpnroe sranrcrme epostHocti p B riimepoxcrronentitastoxont pacmpestesten 3astarouteMt JUITesIBHOCTE TLIOXOR NOT bt TIpamenmo To:1bK0 Jt oxcrlepiMenita c pappipoattiien. 9Toro napaMerpa. BAD_WEATHER PT ° PaiwonamHoe aucio 13 mpomexxyrka (0, 1) Koneaioe siavenne epostHocTit p B rimepoxcrionenturabsi0. pacnpesieneniin sataionten. JuIMTeabHOeT NUIOXOH NOTORbL Tipnnenimo To:tb«0 s018 oxctrepumenta c Bappuponattiien. S1or0 napamerpa. BAD_WEATHER P_S TEP Paionambnoe Hucio 13 npomexxyrxa (0, 1) Tllar apa wameneman snaienna nepostuocti pa rumepakcnonentuatsi0s Pacripesteennit sastarontem AUIHTeNBHOCTS NIOXO!K OTOH Tipamennno Toko 218 okcriepnMerta ¢ napaponaniem aroro napaMerpa. GOOD_WEATHER P Paiwroriatbroe aHen0 13 Havamboe savenne 96 FROM, mpomexxyrxa (0, 1) ‘eposTHOCTH PB rimepoxcrionenturabsi0. pacnpesteseHnn sasiaiouteMt sunitreabHoer Xopomteit oro. Tipuntesivo toto 7018 oxeilepuMettta c Bapbipowaniien ororo napamerpa. GOOD_WEATHER_P _TO PaiworiatbHoe aucn0 43 npomexyrka (0, 1) Koneatoe savenne BepostHocrH p B rimepoxenonctimasHioM pacripertemeriit 3astaromteMt sumrTesibHOCT Xopomteli Moros. TIpuennMo ros1bko 118 okerlepHMenta ¢ BapBIpOBAHHEM 9roro napamerpa. GOOD_WEATHER P _STEP PauwowameHoe 4ucn0 13 npomexyrka (0, 1) Illar ipa wamenenmn snasenua BepostHocTH p B Timep9kcrroneHIUMasIbHOM pacnpeneneHsn sanaoutem JuiuTesIbHOCT Xopoutelt NOrosbI. TIpuacenunto rosinko ais okciepuMentta ¢ BapspoBaHiiem aroro napamerpa. BAD_WEATHER_AV _1_FROM. Payonamnoe, noxoxUTeMHOe ane10 Munyrst Hasaabioe anavenue napamerpa of) 6 eaepoxcuoneniuLibioM Pacripestenennit sastarontet JuMTTeABHOCTS TEIOXO!l TOTO. TIpaenno TosKo 218 okenlepHMertTa ¢ BapbHponaltHem atoro napamerpa. BAD_WEATHER_AV 1_TO PaioniaibHoe, HoOxKHTEMbHOe sinea10 Munyrs Kontesiioe suavenme napaerpa yf a ramepaKenonentmaastiom pacnpesteennn xararoutet JUUTeAbHOCTS LIOXOH NOTOLL 97 TIpHMeHHMO TOABKO 115 9KcrIepHMeHTA c BapbHpORAHHEM 9Toro NapaMerpa. BAD_WEATHER_AV _1_STEP PaionambHoe, noxoxUTEMHOe neo Munyrs Tllar npu wamenenun napaserpa 1 nrmnepoxcnonenmatsHoM pacmpeseneHnn 2astaromten. SUITeABHOCTH TLIOXO!K TOTONB TIpawennmo TosKo 218 okcHlepHMeitta ¢ BapbupoBaHlHem orore napamerpa. BAD_WEATHER_AV _2_FROM Pauwonaisnoe, Hc0 Munyrs Hawai f° wrumepaKi oe auenme Hapamerpa 101 ra-TBHOM pacmpestentenun sastaioutent JUITesIBHOCTE TLIOXOR NOT bt TIpamenmo To:1bK0 Jt oxcrlepiMenita c pappipoattiien. 9Toro napaMerpa. BAD_WEATHER AV ie) PaonanbHoe, noxoxHTeEMBHOe ‘unes10 Munyrot Koneauoe suauenue napaerpa + p rmepoxenonentuiactbHot pacnpesteentn saaroutest AIMTEABHOCTS MIOXOl TOTOABL. TIpamenuMo TosbKo 118 okerlepHnetita ¢ napbuponattiien proro napasterpa BAD_WEATHER_AV _2_STEP PayoHambHoe, HOIOKUTEMBHOE ucO Munyrs Tllar ipa wamenenmn napawerpa Yn runepoKcnonenuanHoM Pactipestemennit sastarourent suurresibHOeTS 1:IOXOll Horo. Tpamenuno TombKo 1118 oKeTIepHMeHTa ¢ BapBIPOBAHHEM 9Toro napaMerpa. GOOD_WFATHER_A V_1_FROM Parwonamnnoe, noqoauTeMBHOe ‘unes10 Yacet Tlawannnoe awaene napANeTpA +} w rumepoxenonentutanstion pacripesteneHnM 3aztaromtem 98 JulnrTeabHoeTe Xopomtelt HOFO AE. Tipamenmvo tonbx0 118 oxcilepuMeitta c BapbHpoRaiiien 9Toro MapaMerpa. GOOD_WEATHER_A V_1_10 ParwonanpHoe, noxoxTeMBHOS uca0 acs Koneanoe siaienne napamerpa ! p runepoxcnonenmmanHom acripesiesiennst sataronten suimtTenbHoeTS XOpomteli HOF. TIpamenuMo Tosbko Jt okentepuMmenta ¢ napsupopanies 9Toro napaMerpa. GOOD_WEATHER_A V_1_STEP GOOD_WEATHER_A V_2 FROM Paionambnoe, HoxoxuTeMHOe uci0 Yacet ParwtonambHoe, HoxoxKTeMbHOe ‘anes10 ace Tilar npa wamenennn napaserpa + 5 runepoxcnonermpanbiiom pacnpestestenmi aaiouten JuInTeNBHOeTE XOpOUIelt HOT. Tlpumenuao tomKo 118 okenlepHMcHTa ¢ BapbHpoBarHeM. oor napanetpa. Havanbnoe sHavenne napametpa yw rnmepoxcnonentmatbHom pacmpeseneHnin 2astaromten. auiTeNbHOeTe XOpoUtell Ors. TIpamennmo TosKo 218 oKcHlepuMertta ¢ napsuponaniiem S1or0 napamerpa. GOOD_WEATHER_A v2.70 PaionambHoe, noxoxUTEMHOe Hc0 Munyrs Konesiioe siaienne napawerpa ‘y°) B rmmepokcronennnaabHom pacmpeseneHnn 2astaromten. JunTenbHOCTS XOpomteli NOTOsBI. Tpawennmo TosKo 218 okcHlepHMeHtTa ¢ BapsHpOBAHEM aTore napawerpa. ‘GOOD_WEATHER_A PaionambHoe, NoxoxKHTEMbHOe ‘unes10 Tllar nipi 1aMenennn napawerpa 7°) B rnnepoKenionenttiaTbHOM 99 Muniyr PACTIpeteTeHHH 3aslaromteMt sumrTesbHOCT Xopomteli Horo. TIpnmennMo Tos1sko 118 oKcTIepHMeHTa ¢ BapBIPOBAHHEM 2roro napawerpa. BAD_WEATHER_AV _FACTOR_FROM PauonabHoe, HoxoxUTEMBHOE ‘unes10 Havaanioe anavenue napamerpa FTIpH BapsHpoRAKHH apamerpos ‘7 B FHTlepoKeTOHeHTHATBHOM acrpesiesiennit sataiouren aamtenbioeT» nioxell norosbt. TIpumennmo rosso 118 okcrlepHMettTa c BapsHpoRAHeM 9Toro napaMerpa. BAD_WEATHER_AV _FACTOR_TO PaliioHaitbHioe, NOTOAHTENBHOe 4HenO Konestioe aiaienne napawerpa f pH Bapbupowanun napaMerpos Y B ritmepakcrioneHiuatbHOM pacnpeenensn sataroute JUINTesIBHOCTE MLIOXOMK Oro. TIpumenuMmo Tos1bko 218 okerlepHMeHtta ¢ BapbupoBaHiem 2rore napanerpa. BAD_WEATHER_AV _FACTOR_STEP Paionambioe, NoxoxHTeMbHOe ‘unes10 Tilar npa vamenenun napaserpa f pH BapbHpOBAHHN NapaMerpon 7 B rumepokerionenumatHoM PACHPEACEHNA sLRHOULEN JUINTeNBHOCTE NIOXO!K OTONBI. Tpmwennmo toseko 218 okCHIepHMeHtTa C BapsHpORAHHEM oToro napaMerpa. BAD_WEATHER_AV _LINITIAL PaiioniambHioe, NoxoxHTEMbHOe uHeI0 Munyrer Baawenne 7 i) B OKeTIepHNeHTE Ho ostHOBpeMeHHOMy apbstponarto napaMetpon YB TimepoxerronentmatsHow pacttpesjesenun 3atarouleM 100 JUINTeTHOCTS TLTOXoH TOTOABI. TIpameHuMo TosbKo 115 coorreterryromtero okcriepHMeHTa. BAD_WEATHER_AV _2. INITIAL ParwonanpHoe, noxoxTeMBHOS uca0 Munyrst ‘Bnavenne 7 R aKcTIepHMeHTe: no ostHompementtomy apbupopaiiiio napaerpos YB rimepokcrioneHtiastbHoN pacmpestesienHn sastaroutent jurenbioers riioxoit rloroxBt. Tipamenivo to:tbx0 1018 coornererayiomero okcriepHMeHTa. GOOD_WEATHER_A V_FACTOR_FROM PaliioHaitbHioe, NOTOAHTENBHOe 4HenO Haviambnoe 3Haenme napameTpa _fUpH Bapeupowanunt napaMerpon ‘y B rumepoKcnonennuatsHoM. Pacripetenennit sastarourem JuuTesIbHOCTE XopoIielt NOFOLtEI. TIpumenuMmo Tos1bko 218 okerlepHMeHtta ¢ BapbupoBaHiem 2rore napanerpa. ‘GOOD_WEATHER_A V_FACTOR_TO Paionambioe, NoxoxHTeMbHOe ‘unes10 Konesnioe snaenue napawerpaf pH BapbHpOBAHHN NapaMerpon 7 B rumepokerionenumatHoM PACHPEACEHNA sLRHOULEN JumnTenbHOCTS XOpomteli OTOH. Tpmwennmo toseko 218 okCHIepHMeHtTa C BapsHpORAHHEM oToro napaMerpa. GOOD_WEATHER_A V_FACTOR_STEP PaiioniambHioe, NoxoxHTEMbHOe uHeI0 Tilar npn wamenennn napawerpa f IpH BappHpoBaHHN napaMerpoB y 2B rimepoxerionentmamtHos pactipestenennit sastarourent JuintreabHoer Xopouelt Horo;b. 101 TIpHMeHHMO TOABKO 115 9KcrIepHMeHTA c BapbHpORAHHEM 9Toro NapaMerpa. GOOD_WEATHER_A V_LINITIAL PaionambHoe, noxoxUTEMHOe neo acer Buarienne yy w oKenepaMente no ostHorpementiomy Rapbuponasiio napamerpos Y 8 rumepakeroneHtMatsHoM acrpesiesennit satarontem JulTeNBHOeT XOpOUIeHt HOT. Tipnnicimsto roanko aaa coornerernytomero okeriepHMeHTa. GOOD_WEATHER A V_2 INITIAL PayoHambHoe, noxoxUTEMHOe aHca10 ace Buauenne yy B 9KcHepuMeHTe no ostHonpeMenttomy apbupopaniiio napaerpos YB rumnepoxcrionentutambttoMt pacnpestestennn sastaroutent JMIMTeABHOCTE Xopomteli HOFOsTE, TIpamenmo To:tbKo Ju8 coorsereraytouero okenepumenta. 6 Uncaenuble pesy.1bTaTbl Jlanee npiseseHbi UnicseHHbIe peryTbTaTbI KAK AHANTHYECKOTO, TAK I UMUTAIMOHHOTO MomemMpoRAHHA, MpoBeTeHHOrO Cc ToMONTEIO MporpaMMHoro KOMILIeKca, ONMCaHHOTO B NpesbIAYIIeM pazslese, a TAKE MpescTaBseH aNamH3 TOMY YEHHBIX pesysbTATOB. Moseanpopanue rn6puanoro kariaia paSoraroutero B pexkuMe ropssiero PesepBa MPOBOAMOCE ALIA CHeAYIOWIHX BXOAHBIX apaMeTpoB: Ta6smua 5 Tlapamerp 3nauenne 102 Tiponycknas cocoGHoers onruveckore Kartaia | 1024 Mbps Tiponycktas cocoGHocrs paauoKanau [512, 768, 1024] Mbps Bpema nepexmouenus QI 10¢ Bpema nepexmouenua Q2 Te Cpemnaa aamna naxera 1024 Gaiira Cpeanuii mteppaa Mexay naxetamu 0.1-I me Tlapamerpsr pacnpenesenia norojit CooTReTCTAyIOT HOTORHBIM yCAORHAM ueHrpabHioli Pocenu. & P= 0.65 p, = 08 024 M6/c 512 N6/c by = 1024 M6/e Ha = 768 M6/c Hy = He = 1024 M6/c Cpeanee apema oxnnania, mxc 5 ° ttt 0 02 04 06 08 1 Cpeavee spema mexay noctynneHuamn naKeTos, 1/A, me Puc. 19 3asucuocrs epeatero spemenn oxttiaMus 5 OEpeI OT BxOASUIErO HOTOKA 103 0.25 PL = 0.65 py, =08 02 1024 M6/c aa <4, = 768 M6/e _ My = 1024 M6/c Ha = 512M6/c ot 008 Hy = Ha = 1024 M6/c Creanaa anuia ovepean, naKeTor 0 02 4 06 os 1 Cpeanee spema Mexay noctynnenuamm naxeTos, 1/A, Mc Puc. 20 3apntenmocrs epennell ium o4epeaH OF HHTeHCHBHOCTH BxOARULerO HOTOKA Ha puc. 19 npeacrannen rpadbik saBlicuMocTH cpemHero BpeMeHH OrKHsAHHA naketa B o4epean or 4. Hs rpacbika s1erko BHeTB, STO cca HHTeHeMBHOCTS nakeTos JIA nepedaun npuGsMxaetes k cpenHel nporlyckKHOli cocobHocTH cueTeMBI, To saqepakka B Mepeaun MaKeToR pe2Ko Bospactaer. B Tose BpeMa, ecsmt HHTeHCHBHOCTS BXOAHOTO HOTOKa OTHOCHTENMBHO He BeHKA, TO 3aLeprKKA TIpakTH4eCKH He 3aBHCHT OT 2. Moxeanpopanie rn6puanoro Kariaa paSoraromtero B pexkHMe xo0HOrO PesepBa MPOBOAMOCE CO CHeAYIOUIHMH TlapaMeTpaMu: TaGanua 6 Tapamerp 3nauenne Tiponycknas cnoco6nocts onruveckore Karasa | 1024 Mbps Tiponycktas cocoSHocts paauokanane 312 Mbps Bpema nepexouenus QI 10¢ Bpema nepexmoneria Q2 Te Cpeatiaa anna rakera 1024 Gaiira Cpeanuii mteppaa Mexay naxeramu 0.5-2 me 104 Ha puc. 21 npescrasnen rpadik saBicHMOcTH cpesHero BpeMeHH OxkKH/LAHHA naketa B ovepesu or 4. 3 rpaduka serko BHseTS, YTO eCNH HHTeHCHBHOCTE MaKeTOB JULIA NepeyauH TIpHONMKaeTCs K CpesHeli NponycKHOli crocoGHOCTH CHCTeMBI, TO 3azlep2KKa B epeadH MaKeTOB pe3Ko Bo3pactaeT. B ToxKe BpeMA, ecsTHL HHTCHCHBHOCTb BXOAHOFO MOTOKA OTHOCHTENIBHO He BENHKa, To 3aepxKA MIpakTHYeckH He 3aBHCHT OT A. 35 trai MMC CpeaHee Bpema oxunaHHA B O¥epenM 30 25 20 15 10 oO 09 14 19 UA, me Puc. 21 3anneumocrs cpeauero spenenn oaaanus naxera B onepeam or 2 Ha puc.22 4 puc.23 MoxHo BuxeTs rpadbuku 3aBHCHMOCTH cpemHero BpeMeHtt OxMAaHHA MaKeTa B oMeperH oT QI H Q2 coorseTeTREHHO. F'padukn rosBonsIOT culenaTb BEIBOA, ITO CpedHA MporyckHas crlocoSHocTs rHGpHaHO! cHCTeMDI He 3aBNICHT OT BpeMeH MepeKmMOyeHHA C ONTHKH Ha pamHo H OGpaTHO. ITO MOxHO OObACHHITS TeM, TO B paceMarpHBaeMoii cucTeMe pazHOKaram paGoraeT Beerza, a TOSTOMY, Kora ONTHYECKHIt KAHA CTAHOBHTeH HEAOCTYMHBIM, aKeTBI NPOLOKAIOT Tepenaparsca Mo palHoKaHasy, ake B nepHon BEIKMOSeHHA ONTHKH Q2. AHAaOrH4HO MOKHO OGbSCHHTD OTCyTe7BHe 3ABHCHMOCTH IporlycKHOHi cHlocoGHOCTH worQl. 105 35 ) twa MKC = Cpeqiee Bpema oxvqaHs 8 o¥epeaH 30 $e tee 28 $$ 20 98 $e 4o | 5 ° : 0 4 6 10 Qe Puc. 22 3apnenmocrs epeauero npeenn oxnaNH naKera osepern or QL 35) train ME Cpeqiee apema oxuganua 8 ovepenn 30 yy Ce 20 18 10 Qn Puc. 23 Zaoniensocrs epeanere ppentenn onkaaanms naxera p onepean or QI 106 3axnrouenne B aannoit qucceptaum paspaGoTan KOMIUIeKc aHaaHTHMMeCKHX Ht UMITalHOHHIX (MaLLMHHbIX) Moseseii HOpHAHDIX KaHaOB CBASH OCHOBAHHBIX Ha aTMocdepHoii OnTHYecKOli MHHH CBABH H pazMOKaHaze, (byHKUMOHMpyIONIeM 110 ynpapaerem mpotoxosa IEEE 802.1 1n wi pagwoxantana paSoraromtero B MILUIMMeTPOBOM jMANas0He panHoBorH. B YacTHOCTH: Céhopmyamposana Matematuueckas Mogemb, ajl¢kBaTHo OnMcBIBAIOINe oynxumonmponanne rupusnoli cHcemsi Ha Gaxe atmociepHoit ONTHYeCKOIi JIMHMH CBASH M palMoKaHalla, byHKUMOHMPyIOUlero TO], ynpapaenus npotoxosta IE 02.1 1n B pexkUMe xomoaHOTo pesepBa Cibopmyampoparia MaremarHieckas Moslem, asleknaTHo onnicpinaiomue éytikunonmposanne ruGpuanoii cuctempi Ha Gaze atmocibepHoit OnTHYeCKOH THHHH CBABH H KaHasla MHJLTHMeTPOBOTO sHaTAx0Ha PAHOBOIIH B pexkUMe ropsero pesepBa. PaspaGorarib! MeTosbI HM QILOpHIMbI HeCeOBAHHA XApaKTepHCTHK THOPHAHOii cHCTeMBI ¢ XOTOAHEIM pesepBOM KaK ORHONHHeTiTOIt cHETEMBE MaccoBoro OScTYKHBAHHA ¢ BYMA BO3MOAHBIMH CKOPOCTAMH oScaY:KHBAHHA H OrpAHHHeHHBIM BpeMeHeM HX HeTOmB3OBAHHA. Paspaoranti Meroset 1 atropuTMes pacuéra xapakrepueTHK ruGpuanoii cHCTeMBI ¢ Tops4HM pesepBOM KaK CHCTEMBI MaccoBoro OGciIy2KUBAHHA ABYMs HEOLHOPOAHBIMH TIpHGopamu. B aHHOM cily4ae B rHOPHAKON cucTeme onriueckuit H paso KaHalibI HcTIomb3yloTes HapaillestbHO. 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