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Name:_______________________

The Road to Pearl Harbor


Guided Notes
 Japan’s desires to conquer Asia were fueled by _____________ ______________.

 Fill in the graphic organizer. Use this to compare and contrast Japan’s 21 demands and
the Open Door Policy.

21 Demands Open Door Policy

 How do they conflict?


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 List some natural resources that Japan was lacking.

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 What factors can you think of that could contribute a lack of natural resources?
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 Additional information: Japan staged the Mukden Incident in 1931 in order to have an
excuse to invade China without the permission of the Japanese government.

 Japan invaded Manchuria for __________________ and _____________________.

 Define Manchukuo:
________________________________________________________________________

 Why did the population of the United States want to avoid a war in East Asia?
Answer:

________________________________________________________________________

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 The Second Sino-Japanese War started in __________ and ended in ___________.


 Respond to this testimony of a survivor of the Rape of Nanking.

“My name is Chen Jiashou. I was born on September 16, 1918. When the Imperial
Japanese Army invaded Nanjing in 1937, I was living in a small Nanjing district with my
Uncle, Mother and Father, my two brothers and my sister. At that time, I was only 19
years old. I was an apprentice. After the Japanese invasion, I, along with several other
people, collectively escaped to a refugee camp by Shanghai Road. At that time, since the
refugee camp had run out of food, I ventured out to replenish the supply. But because
of some casual remarks I made while lining up, I was taken by some nearby Japanese
soldiers and brought to a pond adjacent to Shanghai Road. Having not stood there for
more than two minutes, I watched as a group of armed Japanese soldiers hustled
several lines of about two hundred Chinese troops toward the edge of the pond,
surrounding them with weapons to prevent them from escaping. At that time, I was also
ordered to stand among the front line of Chinese soldiers. I was only 19 years old, and
terribly frightened. Thus, the instant the Japanese soldiers opened fire on us all, I
immediately fell toward the ground, faking my death. Struck by the flying bullets, my
Chinese comrades all piled up on my body. Right up till it got dark and the Japanese
soldiers had all left, I lay under the dead bodies, not daring to move. Only then did I
climb out from under the pile of bodies. It was thus how I became a fortunate survivor
of the Nanjing massacre.”

Source: https://www.facinghistory.org/nanjing-atrocities/atrocities/i-will-never-forget-voices-survivors

 Who did the Japanese blame for their failure in the Second Sino-Japanese War?

 Main objective of the invasion of French Indochina was for Japan to stop China from
importing ________ and ________ through the _______________________.

 How effective was U.S. foreign policy in Asia in the 1930's?

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 In your opinion, how effective think was U.S. foreign policy overall?

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 In late ________, Japan switched to diplomacy with the United States in order to get
_________________________dropped.

This man planned the attack on Pearl Harbor.


His name is _________________________.

 The Pearl Harbor Attack occurred on _________________.

 List the Japanese objectives for the attack on Pearl Harbor.


o __________________________________________
o __________________________________________
o __________________________________________
o __________________________________________
 American aftermath of Pearl Harbor
attack.

 Why is it significant that the U.S. aircraft carriers were out at sea during the Pearl Harbor
attack?

 Do you think that war between the United States and Japan was inevitable or could it
have been avoided? Explain your answer below.