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VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


CC7007 METROLOGY AND NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING
QUESTION BANK

Unit 1 MEASURING MACHINES


PART A (2 Marks)
1. Define microscope. BT1

2. Summarize the uses of CMM. BT2

3. Discuss the important features of CMM. BT2

4. Tabulate the errors in TMM. BT1

5. Explain axial length accuracy briefly. BT4

6. Explain the applications of CMM briefly. BT4

7. Compare CMM and UMM. BT5

8. Describe the use of image shearing microscope. BT1

9. Differentiate between sensitivity and range with suitable example. BT4

10. Describe system error and correction. BT1

11. Examine the importance of measurand. BT3

12. Assess the importance of deterministic metrology. BT5

13. Examine over damped and under damped system briefly. BT3

14. Summarize four methods of measurement. BT5

15. Classify the measuring instruments. BT3

16. Assess the importance of True size. BT5

17. Define actual size. BT1

18. Interpret the importance of hysteresis. BT2

19. Describe the significance of resolution briefly. BT2

20. Define Span. BT1


PART B (13 Marks)

1. a. Describe the construction features of tool makers microscope.(6)


b. Describe the working principle and applications of TMM. (7). BT1

2. a. Express the merits and demerits of TMM. (7)


b. Differentiate TMM and CMM. (6) BT2

3. a. Illustrate briefly about CMM. (6)


b. Examine the importance of CMM in measurement of 3D models. (7) BT3

4. a. Compare UMM and CMM with respect to functionality. (7)


b. Analyze the working parameters of UMM. (6) BT4

5. a. Assess the functions of Image Shearing Microscope. (6)


b. Summarize the merits and demerits of ISM. (7) BT5

6. Describe briefly about use of microscope in metrology. Also tabulate the classification, merits and
demerits of microscope. (13) BT1

7. Describe the block diagram of generalized measurement system and explain different stages with
examples. (13) BT2

8. a. Examine the working principle and functions of machine vision technology. (13)
BT1

9. a. Differentiate between Repeatability and reproducibility. (6)


b. Differentiate between Systematic and random error. (7) BT4

10. a. Illustrate Static and dynamic response.(7)


b. Illustrate the use of microprocessors in metrology. (6) BT3

11. Analyze the hardware and software used in microprocessor. Also make a comparison chart based on
functions. (13) BT 4

12. Examine the applications of machine vision technology. Also discuss the softwares used in MVT
(13) BT1

13. Describe the use of computers in coordinate measuring machine and machine vision technology.
(13) BT2

14. Illustrate the function of coordinate measuring machine in gear profile check with suitable
drawings. (13) BT3
PART C (15 Marks)

1. Evaluate the importance of tool maker’s microscope in current manufacturing methods. Also explain
few applications that use TMM. BT 5

2. Illustrate the working methodology of universal measuring machine with reference to computer aided
manufacturing. BT 3

3. Describe laser viewer’s application in profile checks for automated manufacturing systems. BT 1

4. Discuss the use of computers in various measuring machines. Also explain a contemporary working
model that uses computer for measurement. BT 2
UNIT 2 STATISTICAL QUALITY CONTROL

PART A (2 Marks)

1. Distinguish between random causes and assignable causes. BT 2

2. Asses the 3σ limits as control limits in any control chart. BT 5

3. Define operating characteristic function of a control chart. BT 1

4. Describe the c – chart. BT 1

5. Discuss about cusum charts briefly. BT 2

6. Define the terms: Producers risk, Consumers risk. BT 1

7. Distinguish between multiple sampling plans and sequential sampling plans. BT 2

8. Explain the technique of curtailed inspection briefly. BT 4

9. Describe acceptance sampling. BT 2

10. Define control planning. BT 1

11. Define gauge repeatability. BT 1

12. Define process capability. BT 1

13. Examine the important indices for measuring process capability. BT 3

14. Illustrate the functional nature of sampling. BT 3

15. Classify the features of dodge- roming tables. BT 3

16. Estimate the need of statistical measuring tools. BT 3

17. Connect sampling and probability. BT 4

18. Explain the theory of probability. BT 4

19. Asses the importance of random sampling. BT 5

20. Summarize the functions of control charts. BT 5


PART B (13 Marks)

1. a. Describe the applications of statistical measurement tools. (7)


b. Tabulate the various statistical measuring tools in quality control. (6) BT 1

2. a. Describe briefly on process capabilities.(6)


b. Examine the applications of process capabilities. (7) BT 1

3. a. Examine briefly theory of probability. (7)


b. Describe about reliability and life testing. (6) BT 1

4. Discuss the construction and interpretation of mean chart and range chart. Also mention their functions and
applications. (13) BT2

5. a. Analyze how a control chart may be modified to meet special situations. (7)
b. Differentiate control chart and mean chart. (6) BT3

6. Describe the characteristics, functions, merits, demerits and applications of sequential sampling plan by
attributes. (13) BT2

7. a. Analyze the process capability of a production process. (7)


b. Classify the important indices for measuring process capability. (6) BT4

8. a. Infer ASN and ATI functions for a DSP and draw their general shapes. (6)
b. Infer the acceptance and rejection lines of a plan with a given producers risk
and consumers risk. (7) BT4

9. a. The measurement X on an item follows a normal distribution with known standard deviation. The item is
considered acceptable if X is large. Infer the acceptability based on SD values. Also infer SSP for a specified
α and β. (13) BT4

10. Illustrate working methodology and functions of three different control charts for variables. (13) BT3

11.Summarize the rules of combining probability. Also state the functions of permutation and combination.
(13) BT 5

12. Describe the applications of permutation and combination with suitable case study. (13) BT 1

13. Discuss the ABC standard used in sampling with suitable illustrations. (13) BT2

14. Summarize the sampling functional variables based on the control charts. (13) BT 5
PART C (15 Marks)

1. Describe the application of data presentation in contemporary statistical quality control. Also list the quality
control methods used in CNC machines. BT 1

2. Illustrate the importance of tolerance with reference to tool making. Also explain tolerance charts used in
quality control. BT 3

3. Analyze the control charts used in computer numeric control machines. Also justify the effectiveness of
control chart in CNC machines. BT 4

4. Discuss the use of theory of probability. Also explain a contemporary model that uses TOP as a tool for
control planning. BT 2
Unit 3 LIQUID PENETRANT AND MAGNETIC PARTICLE TESTS

PART A (2 Marks)

1. Name the different liquid penetrants. BT1

2. Describe penetrating agents briefly. BT1

3. Name a few methods for magnetic induction. BT1

4. Illustrate the functions of some electromagnetic materials in relevance to penetrants. BT3

5. Name a few solvent removers. BT1

6. Summarize the preferred pre-cleaning process for removal of oil and grease. BT2

7. Describe briefly the problem associated with wire brush during pre-cleaning. BT2

8. Predict the type of emulsifier that is designed to be used as a scrubber. BT2

9. Explain briefly the disadvantage of using fluorescent penetrant process. BT4

10. Evaluate the minimum time considered necessary for dark adaptation of the eyes prior to evaluating the
results of a fluorescent penetrant test.BT2

11. Illustrate the type of penetrant process that would be best suited to detect discontinuities. BT3

12. Explain the disadvantage of solvent removable penetrant process. BT4

13. List the four cleaning processes that are to be used carefully. BT1

14. Describe magnetic particle test briefly. BT1

15. Examine briefly about solvent removers. BT3

16. Evaluate the working of magnetic particle testing. BT5

17. Contrast between solvent remover and scrubber. BT4

18. Infer which type of emulsifier is designed to be used as a finishing coat. BT4

19. Summarize the operation principle of magnetic particles. BT5

20. Evaluate the functions of liquid penetrating particles. BT5


PART B (13 Marks)

1. Explain the method of testing defect by


a. oil and dust (6)
b. soap and magnets (7) BT1

2. Explain the liquid penetrant method with suitable example. (13) BT1

3. List out the characteristics of developers, liquid penetrants and magnetic particles. (13) BT1

4. a. Give the detailed inspection procedure of liquid penetrant test. (7)


b. Summarize the flaws detected by LPT. (6) BT2

5. Analyze the following


a. Washable systems in testing (7)
b. Limitations in liquid penetrant test (6) BT4

6. Give a detailed report on applications, merits and demerits of magnetic particle test. (13) BT2

7. a. Explain the principle of magnetic flaw detection. (10)


b. List out the applications of magnetic flaw detection technique. (3) BT1

8. Analyze the types and methods of magnetization applied in magnetic particle test. (13) BT4

9. Examine the working, merits and demerits of magnetic crack detectors. (13) BT3

10. Examine the applications, precautions and limitations in Magnetic particle test. (13) BT3

11. Illustrate the effect of ferro-magnetism in particle testing. (13) BT3

12. Examine the working merits and demerits of electromagnetic induction in particle testing. (13) BT3

13. Evaluate the functionality of any four methods that are used to produce magnetic field with respect to
particle testing. (13) BT5

14. Analyze the working of permanent magnets and electro magnets in MPT. Also mention the merits and
demerits. (13) BT4
PART C (15 Marks)

1. Evaluate the importance of flaw detection in precision instruments like CNC/CMM. Also mention the
impact of flaws in the same. BT 5

2. Illustrate the working methodology of LPT with reference to computational fluid dynamics and
computer aided simulation. BT 3

3. Describe the importance of magnetic flaw detection in automobile, manufacturing and production
industries. BT 1

4. Discuss the application of permanent, ferro and electromagnets in nano particle testing and analysis.
BT 2
Unit 4 RADIO GRAPHY

PART A (2 Marks)

1. Define timer in x-ray machine. BT1

2. Describe briefly the advantages of rotating anode over stationary anode. BT1

3. List the properties of x-ray. BT1

4. Describe the working and principles of dynamo. BT1

5. Define electromagnetic induction. BT1

6. Define Joule’s law and Lenz’s law. BT1

7. Interpret Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction. BT2

8. Discuss Grids. BT2

9. Express the functions of anodes. BT2

10. Interpret Thermionic emission principle. BT2

11. Demonstrate the working of Conductors and insulators with an example. BT3

12. Illustrate briefly Coolidge tube. BT3

13. Experiment Fleming’s right hand rule. BT3

14. Examine the heating effect of current joule’s law. BT3

15. Summarize the properties of d rays. BT5

16. Analyze photo electric effect. BT4

17. Classify the five type of luminance. BT4

18. Explain personnel monitoring system. BT4

19. Evaluate the guidelines for using film badges. BT5

20. Assess maximum permissible dose. BT5


PART B (13 Marks)

1. a. Differentiate between d-rays and x-rays. (7)


b. Give the applications of d-rays and x-rays. (6) BT2

2. Explain the various methods of producing x-rays in detail. (13) BT4

3. Analyze the penetration of x-rays into film with help of exposure charts. (13) BT4

4. Draw a diagram of stationary anode x-ray and explain its different parts. (13) BT2

5. Give the working principle, merits and demerits of AC and DC dynamo generator. (13) BT2

6. Explain
a. magnetic flux in d- rays(8)
b. ammeter and voltmeter in output calibration (5) BT4

7. a. Explain about conductors and insulators functions in radiography. (9)


b. Discuss the difference of conductors and insulators. (4) BT4

8. Describe the types of magnetic materials used in testing and explain them in detail .(13) BT1

9. State and explain how faradays laws of electrolysis is used to deduce radiation charts. (13) BT4

10. Analyze the application of Lenz’s law in the production of d-rays and x-rays.(13) BT 4

11. Interpret the application of Fleming's right hand rule in radiography. (13) BT2

12. Describe the production methods of d- ray and its properties. (13) BT1

13. List out the Importance of film characteristics in reference to exposure charts. (13) BT1

14.Describe about x-ray tube and its working with the help of diagram. (13) BT 1
PART C (15 Marks)

1. Describe the application of x-rays in crystal structure detection, object scanning and medical
imaging. BT 1

2. Illustrate the importance of exposure charts in bone sampling analysis. BT 3

3. Analyze the x-ray production methods in the order of succession. Also tabulate the differences in
terms of up gradation. BT 4

4. Discuss the use of film characteristic in particle testing of computer numeric control and automobile
tools. BT 2
Unit 5 ULTRASONIC AND ACOUSTIC EMISSION TECHNIQUES

PART A (2 Marks)
1. Identify how ultrasonic waves are produced. BT1

2. Classify the types of waves. BT4

3. Name the principle of acoustic emission. BT1

4. List the advantages of Ultrasonic waves. BT1

5. Describe surface waves briefly. BT2

6. Discuss lamb Waves briefly. BT2

7. Describe briefly measuring gauge tools. BT1

8. Illustrate pulse echo method briefly. BT3

9. Estimate the piezo electric effect in testing. BT2

10. Demonstrate wavelength in tesing methods. BT3

11. Illustrate ultra sound effect. BT3

12. Point out the applications of ultra sound. BT4

13. Name the principle of ultrasonic sensing. BT1

14. Assess sound velocity. BT5

15. Summarize the effects of diffraction.

16. Define reflection. BT1

17. Compare reflection and refraction. BT4

18. Contrast diffraction and reflection. BT2

19. Summarize ultrasonic measuring principles. BT5

20. Analyze the use of ultrasonic sound in scanning. BT4


PART B (13marks)

1. Describe in detail the properties and functions of different types of waves. (13) BT1

2. Describe the applications of resonance and ultrasonic waves in detail. (13) BT1

3. Explain the general characteristics and functional nature of instrumentation tools. (13) BT4

4. Explain in detail functions and applications of Pulse echo method.(13) BT4

5. Explain the functional nature of ultrasonic waves in detail. (13) BT 4

6. Summarize the principles and applications of acoustic emission techniques. (13) BT5

7. a. List the instruments used to supplement acoustic emission techniques. (4)


b. List the advantages and disadvantages of AMT. (9) BT1

8. Explain in detail the characteristics, effects and functions of liquid sloshing. (13) BT1

9. Explain in detail slosh compensation by damped and un damped methods. (13) BT1

10. Demonstrate the production of ultrasonic waves by different methods. (13) BT3

11. Compare ultrasonic and acoustic emission techniques based on functions, applications and efficiency.
(13) BT5

12. a. Explain briefly on tilt sensor. (7)


b. Point out the applications of instrumentation. (6) BT4

13. a. Interpret pulse echo method with A, B, C scans. Also give the merits and demerits of pulse echo method. (13)
BT2

14. Interpret A, B, C scans with the output obtained from ultrasonic method. (13) BT2
PART C (15 Marks)

1. Evaluate the application and importance of ultrasonic waves in ultra sound scanning. BT 5

2. Illustrate the functions and applications of AMT with reference to astronomical surveying. BT 3

3. Describe the application and importance of magnetic resonance waves in medical scanning. BT 1

4. Discuss the functions and application of instrumentation in anti lock braking system. BT 2