SECTION 7.3
93
the vectors are linearly dependent.r
EXERCISES 7.3
In Exercises 1-10 deterrnine whether the vectors are lirrearly dependent or linearly irrclependerrt.
1.
(1,2), (3,5)
2.
(2,-l), (-4,2)
3.
(1,3), (2, -3), (4,10)
4.
(t, -2,4), (2, -5,0)
5.
(2, -4,1), (1, -3,5), (5, -11, 7)
6.
(3,2,
(3,5,9), (-2,4, 1)
-1),
7.
(3,2,-1), (3,5,8), (-2,4,1), (1,1,1)
g. (1, -1, 1, -1), (1,3, -2,5),
(4, 0,2, 5)
9.
(2,0,3,4), (1, -3,5, 1), (l-,0,0,3), (4, _3,9,9)
LO. (2,0,3,4), (1, 1, 1, 2), (_2,4,1,3), (4,3,2,1)
11. Show that the vectors (2,-1,4), (3,5,-2), arrd (1,1,0) are Jirrearly indeperrdent. Express the vector
(3, 5,8) as a iinear cornbirration of these vectors.
12' Show that the vectors (2,-1,4), (3,5,
-2),
arrd (I,-7,10) are linearly dependerrt. Show that the vector
(3, 5,8) cannot be expressed as a linear
cornbination of these vectors.
13. Show that the vectors (2,-1,4), (3,5,
-2),
\-4,-1I,8) carr be expressed as a linear
arrd (1,-7,10) are linearly dependent. Show that the vecror
cornbination of these vectors.
14. Suppose the set of vectors vl,
, v7, o,r€ linearly dependent. Does it follow that V1 can be expressed in
terrns of y2t
.i v6. Explairr.
,Uz(t:),
In differential equations we are concerned with whether n functiorrs y1(n),
., An(:r) are linearly
irrdeperrdent
or deperrderrt (rather
than
vectors).
It turrrs out that the firrrctiorrs
are lirrearly
indeperrderrt on
an interval I if and only if there exists at least one point in I at which the foliowirrg Wronskiarr deterrninarrt
is not zero
AL
Uz
Un
ut
ai
aL
W(at,ar,." ,!ln) -
a* _tt
a\- ,) aL"_ rt
In Exercises 15-20 deterrnirre whether the firnctions are linea,rly indeperrderrt or linearly dependent orr the
interval 1,
x15. {1, n, t2) on -oo < r < oo
*16. {r,
2:r
-3n2,
12} on
< r < oo
-oo
*17. {sinr,
cosr} on 0 <. n 12r
*18.
r (
{z,
t:et, t:2er} on 0 (
1
r19,
{zsinr, e2')
oL -oo ( e; < oo
*20. {sin r, cos r,
r
I
2 sirr e; -
cos r}
on 0 (
2r
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