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2.34 Equilibrium constants for the complexes between cadmivm(ID) and chloride are Ky = 100, Ky ~ 4.0, Ka = 0.63, aud Xz ~ 0.20, Calculate the molar concentration of each of the first four cadmium chloride complexes in a water sample if Cd* = 107" Mand CI” = 107! M, Identify the most prevalent cadmium species, 3.3. A waste containing 1 percent sulfuric acid (10,000 mg/L} is neutralized by the addition of a concentrated lime slurry (made by dissolving Ca(OH),(s) in water}. If the water temperature is 15°C before neutralization, what is it after neutralization? A sampie of groundwater with a teraperature of 16°C has 100 mg/L of Ca’* and 10 mg/L of CO}, Is this water in equilibrium with CaCO,(s)? If not, is CaCO,(s) dissolving or precipitating? 3.13 The oxidation of ferrous iron (Fe**) to ferric iron (Fe**) by molecular oxygen can be described by the following reaction; AFe** (aq) + On(g) + 4H*(ag) = 4Fe** (aq) + 2H,0 (a) Using free energies of formation, calculate the equilibrium constant for this reaction at 25°C. (@) For a water in equilibrium with the atmosphere, a pH] of 2.0, and a total soluble iron concentration of E mg/L, calculate the concentrations of Fe" (ag) and te 3.23 What approximate osmotic pressure would be created across a semipermeable membrane if water containing 0.01 M Na,SO,, 0.02 M MgCh, and 0.03 M CaCh iz = on one side of the membrane and distilled water were on the other? 3.33. On the basis of standard electrochemical potentials, which of the following metals could act int a sacrificial manner to protect iron from corrosion: aluminum, copper, eae, mean Wer, tin. and zinc’? 437 Calculate the pHT of the equivalence point in the titration of solutions containing the following concentrations of acetic acid with sodiam hydroxide: (a) 100 mg/L; () 1000 mg/L; (c) 10,000 mg/L. & Liter solution contains 100 mug of HCL, Calculate the following: (a) Initial pH of the solution (b) pH after addition of 1 mL of 1 N NaOH (c) pH after addition of 2 mL of | N NaOH (d@) pH after addition of 3 mL of 1 N NaOH (e) mL of 1 N NaOH required to reach the equivalence point as