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HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS

Well Name: Rig: Date: Engineer: V. Karatzas


Location: Last Csg TD Set ft 3500 409 Lag Time Calculation Input
Mud Tanks Volume BBLs
Well M.T.D. ft 6700 Csg ID in 6 5/8 ROP ft/hr 25 S. Gravity of Cuttings 2.6
Well T.V.D. ft 6000 Drill Pipe O.D. in 4 1/2 Mud Density ppg 10.00 Thickness of Cuttings in 2/16
Hole (Bit) Size in 7 7/8 Drill Pipe I.D. in 3 5/6 Fan RPM 600 50 Width of Cuttings in 2/16
Surface Equipment Type 1 H.Wt. D.Pipe Length ft 780 Fan RPM 300 30 Jet / Nozzle Size Input in 32s
Pump Liner Size in 5 H.Wt. Drill Pipe O.D. in 4 1/2 Fan RPM 100 16 Nozzle 1, 2 12 12
Pump Speed strokes/min 110 H.Wt. Drill Pipe I.D. in 2 7/9 Fan RPM 3 3 Nozzle 3, 4 12
Size of Pump Rod in 0 H.Wt. D.P. Mass Lbs/ft 42 Desilter / Desander Input Nozzle 5, 6
Pump Stroke Length in 12 Drill Collars Length ft 270 Suction Rate bbl/min 8.00 Nozzle 7, 8
Working Pumps Number 1 pump Drill Collar O.D. in 6 1/4 Underflow Density ppg 15.00 Nozzle 9,10
Max Operating Press psi 3000 Drill Collar I.D. in 2 1/4 Underflow Rate gpm 12.00 Nozzle 11,12
BUOYANCY, WOB & BIT HYDRAULICS Written by Vass Karatzas
Total Nozzle Area TFA in2 0.3313 Bit Hydraulic HP 185 WHITE TOWER CONSULTING Ltd.
Surface Press. Losses psi Bit HHP per in2 or HSI 3.80 Comments: vkaratzas@sprint.ca
96
Stand Pipe Pressure psi 1829 Bit Pressure Drop psi 943 JET SELECTION Nozzle Sz
Minimum Mud Pump HP 359 Bit Pressure Drop Fr. % 51.6 Recommended TFA to maximize HHP in2 0.2314 10/10/10
Buoyancy Factor 0.847 Jet Impact force, lbf 566 Recommended TFA to maximize Impact Force in2 0.2693 11/11/10
Available WOB klbs 43.67 Nozzle Velocity ft/sec 325 Optimum TFA for Maximum HHP & Impact Force in2 0.2503 10/11/10
VOLUMES, PRESSURES & HOLE CLEANING
Pump Output bbl/stroke 0.073 or g/stroke 3.06 gallons Volume BBLs Time (min) Strokes
Pump Output bbl/min 8.01 or gpm 336.60 Mud to reach the bit 3674 88.06 10.9 1201
Average Annular Mud Velocity ft/min 193 Bottoms up (Annular Volume) 11700 278.57 34.8 3824
Average Velocity of Cuttings ft/min 142 From Suction to Surface (Hole Volume) 15375 366.06 45.7 5024
Est. Mud to displace String for POOH bbl 54 Total Circulation (total mud system) 32553 775.06 97 10638
Minimum Trip Margin to POOH kPa 69 Bottom Sample Up 47 5194
Effective Circulating Mud Density (Mud Wt. + Ann. Press Losses) ppg 10.22 Total Hole Volume (no Pipe in) bbl 420
Maximum ROP for a 4% by volume Cutting Concentration ft/hr 235 Mud Pressure Gradient psi/ft 0.520
The present Cutting Concentration in the Annulus is (by volume) % 0.43 Hydrostatic Pressure (pump off) at TVD psi 3120
at this ROP the Effective Mud Density in the Annulus (without the pressure losses) becomes ppg 10.05 Eff.H.Press (drilling) psi 3204
and the Effective Circulating Mud Density with the above Cuttings Concentration becomes ppg 10.27 Increase in BHP by psi 84
SOLIDS REMOVAL, DESILTER or DESANDER
Overflow Mud Density ppg 9.815 Solids Volume Removed bbl/hr 7.328 Mud Removed bbl/hr 9.815 P.V. Cps 20
Overflow Rate bbl/min 7.714 Solids Mass Removed Lbs/hr 6678 Underflow Rate bbl/hr 17.143 Y.P.Lb/100ft2 10
CAPACITIES, VELOCITIES, RHEOLOGIES and PRESSURE LOSSES Per SECTION
D.C. Section H. Wt. Section D.P. O.H. Section D.P. Casing Section
Hole Size in 7 7/8 7 7/8 7 7/8 6 5/8
np 0.7365 Pipe O.D. in 6 1/4 4 1/2 4 1/2 4 1/2
na 0.4776 Pipe I.D. in 2 1/4 2 7/9 3 5/6 3 5/6
Kp 1.5513 Poise Length ft 270 780 2150 3500
Ka 4.1581 Poise In Pipe Annular In Pipe Annular In Pipe Annular In Pipe Annular
Capacities in gal/ft 0.20655 0.936499 0.31306 1.704058 0.59725 1.704058 0.59725 1.844104
Capacities in bbl/ft 0.004918 0.022298 0.007454 0.040573 0.01422 0.040573 0.01422 0.043907
Section Capacity in gal 55.8 252.9 244.2 1329.2 1284.1 3663.7 2090.4 6454.4
Section Capacity in bbl 1.33 6.02 5.81 31.65 30.57 87.23 49.77 153.68
Mud Velocity ft/min 1630 359 1075 198 564 198 564 183
Mud Velocity ft/sec 27.16 5.99 17.92 3.29 9.39 3.29 9.39 3.04
Critical Velocity ft/min 248 197 197
Critical Velocity ft/sec 4.13 3.28 3.28
Critical Flow Rate gpm 232 336 336
Slip Velocity ft/min 77.79 77.79 77.79 21.87
Velocity of Cuttings ft/min 282 120 120 161
Transport Efficiency % 78 61 61 88
Lag (Transport) Time min 1.0 6.5 18.0 21.8
Effective Viscosity m cps 25.75 18.20 30.35 36.44 39.18 36.44 39.18 39.22
Reynolds Number 22020 4965 15176 2830 8512 2830 8512 2584
flow type Turbulent Turbulent Turbulent Transitional Turbulent Transitional Turbulent Laminar
Friction Factor 0.0052 0.00582 0.0057 0.00849 0.0067 0.00849 0.0067 0.00929
Pressure Drop psi 177 13 200 8 128 23 208 32