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Tel:d Date: 24/08/17
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RHS - section subject to axial compression and moments

Calculations in accordance with EC3(EN 1993-1-1:2005)

Section size - 200x200x6.3 RHS


Steel grade - S355
Design yield strength [f ] = 355 N/mm2
y
Partial safety factor [ ] = 1
M0
Partial safety factor [ ] = 1
M1
Design compressive force [N ] = 100 kN
Sd
Design bending moments [M ] = 10 kNm
y.begin.Sd
[M ] = 10 kNm
y.end.Sd
Design bending moments [M ] = 10 kNm
z.begin.Sd
[M ] = 10 kNm
z.end.Sd
Design shear forces [V ] = 10 kN
z.Sd
[V ] = 10 kN
y.Sd
Length of element [l] = 6m
Stability data (non-sway) [l ] = 6m
buc.y
Stability data (non-sway) [l ] = 6m
buc.z
Load application point = In neutral axis
Effective length factor [k] = 1 (for end rotation plan)

Determine section classification


[Article 5.5 - Table (5.2) Sheet1 of 3]

Width to thk. ratio of shorter side = 28.75


Width to thk. ratio of longer side = 28.75
Class of flange = 1
Class of web = 1
Section classification class = 1

Compression check
[Article 6.2.4 - Formula (6.9)]

Design compression resistance N = A*f /( *1000)


c.Rd y M0
= 4840*355/(1*1000)
= 1718.2 kN

Unity check uchk1 = N /N


Sd c.Rd
= 100/1718.2
= 0.058

Moment check
[Article 6.2.5- Formula (6.12)]

Moment resistance in Y-dir M = f *W /( *1000)


c.y.Rd y pl.y M0
= 355*350/(1*1000)
= 124.25 kNm

Unity check in Y-dir. uchk2 = M /M


y.Sd c.y.Rd
= 10/124.25
= 0.08

Moment resistance in Z-dir M = f *W /( *1000)


c.z.Rd y pl.z M0
= 355*350/(1*1000)
= 124.25 kNm

Unity check in Z-dir. uchk3 = M /M


z.Sd c.z.Rd
= 10/124.25
= 0.08

Shear check
[Article 6.2.6 - Formula (6.17)]

Shear area A = A*b/(b+h)


v
= 4840*200/(200+200)
= 2420 mm2

Shear resistance in Y-dir. V = A *f /(sqr(3)* *1000)


y.Rd v y M0
= 2420*355/(sqr(3)*1*1000)
= 496 kN

Unity check in Y-dir. uchk4 = V /V


y.Sd y.Rd
= 10/496
= 0.02

Shear area A = A*h/(b+h)


v
= 4840*200/(200+200)
= 2420 mm2

Shear resistance in Z-dir. V = A *f /(sqr(3)* *1000)


z.Rd v y M0
= 2420*355/(sqr(3)*1*1000)
= 496 kN

Unity check in Z-dir. uchk5 = V /V


z.Sd z.Rd
= 10/496
= 0.02

Check for Shear buckling(Unstiffened web)


[Article 6.2.6(6) - Formula (6.22)]

NOTE:Since (hw/tw)<(72epsn/eta), shear buckling check not required


n =N /N
Sd Rd
=100/1718.2
=0.058
aw =(A-2*b*t)/A
=(4840-2*200*6.3)/4840
=0.48

Interaction check for single axis bending


[Article 6.2.8 & 6.2.9]
Moment resistance about Y-axis
M = M
NVy.Rd pl.y.Rd
= 124.25 kNm

Unity check in Y-dir. uchk6 = M /M


y.Sd NVy.Rd
= 10/124.25
= 0.08

Moment of resistance about Z-axis


M = M
NVz.Rd pl.z.Rd
= 124.25 kNm

Unity check in Z-dir. uchk7 = M /M


z.Sd NVz.Rd
= 10/124.25
= 0.08

Interaction check for double axis bending


[Article 6.2.9.1(6)- Formula (6.41)]

Unity check uchk8 = (M /M )+(M /M )


y.Sd
NVy.Rd z.Sd NVz.Rd
= (10/124.25)1.67+(10/124.25)1.67
= 0.03

Reduction factor (  ) in YY axis


y
[Article 6.3.1.2- Formula (6.49) - Table (6.1) & (6.2)]

Buckling curve = a
Euler slenderness  = 3.14*(E/f )0.5
e y
= 3.14*(210000/355)0.5
= 76.41
Radius of gyration i = (I /A)0.5
y y
= ((3.01*107)/4840)0.5
= 78.86 mm
Slenderness ratio  = (l *1000)/i
y buc.y y
= (6*1000)/78.86
= 76.08
Reduced slenderness  =  /
rely y e
= 76.08/76.41
= 1
 = 0.5*(1+ *( 2) -0.2)+
y y rely
rely
= 0.5*(1+0.21*(1-0.2)+(1)2)
= 1.08
Reduction factor  = 1/( +sqr( 2- 2))
y y y rely
= 1/(1.08+sqr((1.08)2-(1)2))
= 0.67

Design buckling resistance N =  *A*f /( *1000)


by.Rd y y M1
= 0.67*4840*355/(1*1000)
= 1148.72 kN

Reduction factor (  ) in zz axis


z
[Article 6.3.1.2- Formula (6.49) - Table (6.1) & (6.2)]

Buckling curve = a
Radius of gyration i = (I /A)0.5
z z
= ((3.01*107)/4840)0.5
= 78.86 mm
Slenderness ratio  = (l *1000)/i
z buc.z z
= (6*1000)/78.86
= 76.08
Reduced slenderness  =  /
relz z e
= 76.08/76.41
= 1
 = 0.5*(1+ *( 2)
-0.2)+
z z relz
relz
= 0.5*(1+0.21*(1-0.2)+(1)2)
= 1.08
Reduction factor  = 1/( +sqr( 2- 2))
z z relz z
= 1/(1.08+sqr((1.08)2-(1)2))
= 0.67

Design buckling resistance N =  *A*f /( *1000)


bz.Rd z y M1
= 0.67*4840*355/(1*1000)
= 1148.72 kN

Buckling stability check


[Article 6.3.1.1- Formula (6.46)]

Unity check in Y-dir. uchk10 = N /N


Sd by.Rd
= 100/1148.72
= 0.087

Unity check in Z-dir. uchk11 = N /N


Sd bz.Rd
= 100/1148.72
= 0.087
Since the proposed section is a square hollow section,the section
need not be verified for lateral torsional buckling(Cl.6.3.2.1(2))

Member buckling resistance in combined bending and axial compression


[Article 6.3.3 - Formula (6.61)& (6.62)]

Calculation of Interaction factors[As per Annex B-Table B.1]


Equivalent uniform moment factors(Cmi)
Cmy = 0.6+0.4*
y
= 0.6+0.4*1
= 1
Cmz = 0.6+0.4*
z
= 0.6+0.4*1
= 1
Nrk = (f *A)/1000
y
= (355*4840)/1000
= 1718.2 kN
Myrk = (f *W )/1000
y pl.y
= (355*350)/1000
= 124.25 kNm
Mzrk = (f *W )/1000
y pl.z
= (355*350)/1000
= 124.25 kNm
kyy = Cmy*(1+(( -0.2)*N /( *Nrk/ )))
rely Sd y M1
= 1*(1+((1-0.2)*100/(0.67*1718.2/1)))
= 1.07
kyylim = Cmy*(1+(0.8*N /( *Nrk/ )))
Sd y M1
= 1*(1+(0.8*100/(0.67*1718.2/1)))
= 1.07
[ kyy ] < [ kyylim ]
kzy = 0.6*kyy
= 0.6*1.07
= 0.64
kzz = Cmz*(1+(( -0.2)*N /( *Nrk/ )))
relz Sd z M1
= 1*(1+((1-0.2)*100/(0.67*1718.2/1)))
= 1.07
kzzlim = Cmz*(1+(0.8*N /( *Nrk/ )))
Sd z M1
= 1*(1+(0.8*100/(0.67*1718.2/1)))
= 1.07
[ kzz ] < [ kzzlim ]
kyz = 0.6*kzz
= 0.6*1.07
= 0.64
Unit check for as per cl.6.3.3(4) of EC3[Formula(6.61) & (6.62)

uchk13 = ((N * )/( *Nrk))+(kyy*(M * )/( *Myrk))+(kyz*(M * )/(Mzrk))


Sd M1 y y.Sd M1 LT z.Sd M1
= ((100*1)/(0.67*1718.2))+(1.07*(10*1)/(1*124.25))+(0.64*(10*1)/(124.25))
= 0.225

uchk14 = ((N * )/( *Nrk))+(kzy*(M * )/( *Myrk))+(kzz*(M * )/(Mzrk))


Sd M1 z y.Sd M1 LT z.Sd M1
= ((100*1)/(0.67*1718.2))+(0.64*(10*1)/(1*124.25))+(1.07*(10*1)/(124.25))
= 0.22

Check Result : Section Passes