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11 SP A, SP

Sizing of cable Calculation of the power loss


Cable sizing

Calculation of cable cross-section For calculation of the power loss in the submersible
drop cable, use this formula:
Formula designations
3 x L x ρ x I2
∆p =
U = Rated voltage [V] q
∆U = Voltage drop [%] Example
I = Rated current of the motor [A]
Motor size: 45 kW, MMS 8000
cos φ = Power factor
Voltage: 3 x 400 V, 50 Hz
ρ = 1/χ
Starting method: Direct on line
Materials of cable:
Rated current (In): 96.5 A
Copper: χ = 40 m/Ω x mm2 Required cable length (L): 200 m
Aluminium: χ = 35 m/Ω x mm2 Water temperature: 30 °C.
q = Cross-section [mm2]
Cable selection
sin φ = 1 – cos2 
Choice A: 3 x 150 mm2.
XL = Inductive resistance 0.078 x 10-3 [Ω/m]
Choice B: 3 x 185 mm2.
L = Length of cable [m]
∆p = Power loss [W]. Calculation of power loss

For calculation of the cross-section of the submersible Choice A


drop cable, use this formula: 3 x L x ρ x I2
∆pA =
Direct on line q

I x 1.73 x 100 x L x ρ x cos φ 3 x 200 x 0.02 x 96.52


q = ∆pA =
U x ∆U - (I x 1.73 x 100 x L x X L x sin φ) 150

Star-delta ∆p A = 745 W.

Choice B
I x 100 x L x ρ x cos φ
q =
U x ∆U - (I x 100 x L x XL x sin φ) 3 x 200 x 0.02 x 96.52
∆pB =
185
You can read the values of the rated current (I) and the
power factor (cos φ) in the tables on pages 89 to 93. ∆p B = 604 W.

Savings
Operating hours/year: h = 4000.
Annual saving (A):
A = (∆pA - ∆pB) x h = (745 W - 604 W) x 4000 =
564,000 Wh = 564 kWh.
By choosing the cable size 3 x 185 mm 2 instead of 3 x
150 mm2, you achieve an annual saving of 564 kWh.
Operating time: 10 years.
Saving after 10 years (A10):
A10 = A x 10 = 564 x 10 = 5640 kWh.
You must calculate the saved amount in the local
currency.

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