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Product: GAS ENGINE


Model: G3516 GAS ENGINE 4EK
Configuration: G3516 Engine Electronic Ignition System 4EK00001-UP

Systems Operation
G3500 Engines
Media Number -SENR6412-07 Publication Date -01/08/2005 Date Updated -29/08/2005

i02030248

Carburetor
SMCS - 1266

The carburetor combines gas and air in order to establish a combustible mixture. The carburetor controls the
flow of the mixture to the throttle. The carburetor also controls the exhaust emissions.

IMPCO Type
IMPCO carburetors are used on low pressure gas fuel systems and high pressure gas fuel systems.

The jets and the valves are interchangeable on the carburetor. A change in the jets and the valves will allow
the carburetor to burn a variety of fuels. The system can burn natural gas, propane gas, or fuels with low Btu.
The jets and the valves can also be changed in order to be used with an air/fuel ratio control when a catalyst
is used.

Operation of a carburetor with a single diaphragm is described below. Carburetors with more than one
diaphragm operate in the same manner.

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Illustration 1 g00812091
Flow of air and gas into the carburetor

(1) Filtered air

(2) Gas

Illustration 2 g00813770
Section view of the carburetor and the throttle in the open position

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(1) Filtered air

(2) Gas

(3) Spring

(4) Valve

(5) Jet

(6) Diaphragm

(7) Passage

(8) Load control valve

(9) Throttle body

When the engine is stopped, spring (3) presses the O-ring seal of valve (4) against jet (5). No air or fuel can
enter the mixing chamber of the carburetor.

As the engine is started, the intake strokes of the pistons generate a vacuum in the cylinders. The vacuum
draws filtered air (1) into the carburetor. A vacuum pulls through passage (7) so that the vacuum pulls on top
of diaphragm (6). When the vacuum's pull on top of the diaphragm is greater than the force of spring (3), the
diaphragm moves toward the cover of the carburetor and valve (4) moves away from jet (5). This allows
filtered air and gas to enter the mixing chamber. The mixture of air and gas goes past the throttle plate in
throttle body (9) into the air inlet manifold.

When the engine is operating at a constant load and speed, the position of the diaphragm is constant. The
diaphragm only moves when the demand for fuel varies.

Load control valve (8) is used to adjust the air/fuel ratio at full load. The position of the valve determines the
quantity of gas that enters the carburetor. The valve causes the air/fuel ratio to be rich or lean. The exhaust
emissions are adjusted with this valve.

Deltec Type
Deltec carburetors are only used in low pressure gas fuel systems.

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Illustration 3 g01046780
(1) Filtered air

(2) Gas

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Illustration 4 g01049845
(3) Load control valve

(4) Carburetor

Filtered air (1) is drawn into the carburetor through the air inlet. Gas (2) is entered through the gas inlet. The
air and the gas are mixed as the two are drawn through the carburetor. The air and gas pass through the outlet
of the carburetor and the two are drawn into the inlet of the turbocharger compressor.

Load control valve (8) is used to adjust the air/fuel ratio at full load. The position of the valve determines the
quantity of gas that enters the carburetor. The valve causes the air/fuel ratio to be rich or lean. The exhaust
emissions are adjusted with this valve.

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