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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Nowadays, individuals who have intended to spend might want to lead an

extravagant and agreeable life. For this, the outlining and development of a portion of the

private and imperative open building is done in such a way, to the point that they are

slightest affected by warm, frosty sound or power.

Thusly, the productivity of doing work likewise increments. Each one of those

materials which limit or check the section of warmth, cool, power or sound through them

are called covers or protecting materials. Some of them are effective just to check the

exchange of warmth when they are known as warmth protecting materials. Others might

be helpful to hinder the transmission and impression of sound when they are known as

sound or acoustic covers, while still others might be valuable as electrical protectors.

To accomplish these protecting impacts, it is fundamental to either utilize

protecting materials or gadget extraordinary techniques for development or as an option

utilize both. The contrast of temperature between outside, inside or between the diverse

parts of the building will bring about an exchange of warmth from more blazing or coolest

ranges. Warmth or frosty is transmitted through conduction, radiation, and convection. In

structures, the exchange of warmth through strong materials happens, for the most part

by conduction.

The materials used to check the exchange of warmth are known as warmth

protectors or warm separators. These protectors go about as boundaries or if nothing

else hinders the section of warmth. The basic materials which are utilized as warmth,
protecting materials are plug, stitch, shake wood, free fills, cover protection, aluminum

sheets, sheets, reflecting the appearance and lightweight total.

Research is made for the advancement of another item that has low warmth

conductivity, stable synthetically, physically and mechanically at high temperature,

adequate protection from dampness, give satisfactory warmth protection of the material,

affected by warmth or high temperature, permeable and stringy surface, skilled to oppose

stuns and vibrations and monetary cost.

The investigation centers in Coco-coir polypropylene as a warm protector which

will be utilized as a part of private and additionally in business auxiliary works. It presents

the mix of coconut husk and polypropylene (utilized straws) as central parts of such option

that isn't just plentifully found in the nation yet the specialist trusts that will show warm

execution properties. The examination expects to consider the properties of Coco-coir

polypropylene and separate from other ordinary item utilized as warm protector for

building structures. The proposed item comprises of coconut husk, utilized plastic straws,

and aluminum thwart.

Relative examinations were directed to contrast the warm properties with survey

precisely whether the coconut husk and polypropylene could be a perfect surrogate to the

current warm encasings which are accessible in neighborhood tool shops. The

investigation advances the utilization of indigenous and non-composite materials to the

development business and furthermore discovers mean of helping the earth by utilizing

reused materials to be utilized as principal parts of the item. The specialist is most

confident that this undertaking will additionally lead the path to a more serious
investigation for the advancement of new practical, solid and productive development

materials.

Concerning the present status of the Philippines, there is a consistently developing

interest for the advancement of practical development materials that follows the gauges

of materials. The investigation will prompt the production of an effective warm protecting

material yet sparing that will give alternatives over regular or different materials to home

purchasers, homebuilders, temporary workers, and designers.

The examination advances the manufacture of an eco-accommodating material

through reusing of composite and non-composite waste side-effects in this manner

decreasing the cost of development without misery the tasteful estimation of the lodging

ventures. The plan is expected to advance materials inside the most part acknowledged

levels of wellbeing, wellbeing and natural thought.


Objectives of the Study
This study aims to develop and test the feasibility of the coco coir and polypropylene

as a thermal insulator.

Specifically it’s sought to:


1. Determine the capability of polypropylene and coco coir fiber as thermal insulator

in terms of its:

1.1. Ability to insulate;

1.2. Resistance to flame;

1.3. Ability to absorb moisture;

2. Determine if there is a significant difference between polypropylene drinking straws

and coco coir fiber as to its thermal performance with the locally used insulator.

3. Determine the cost and return analysis of the new technology.

Significance of the Study

This study is great importance in the sense that it will reveal the extent at which

the utilization of waste polypropylene drinking straws and coco coir fiber as thermal

insulator. Also, it reveals the effectiveness of coco coir fiber as thermal insulator.

To the coconut vendors wherein they can utilize the waste coconut shell through

getting the coir inside. It can be an additional income for them.

This study will benefit the clients to have knowledge about insulation and to

prevent heat and cold. Also they could make it by their own and can enhance the product.

This study would benefit also, the newly employed engineers and present

engineers could use the information in this study to improve their skills and inverse their
knowledge. Also this study will help the engineers in giving solutions to the problems

provided by the effects of too much heat and cold in a building.

This study would benefit the student researchers where they could use this study

as their bases for their researches that are related to this topic. They could also enhance

this study in order to provide better feature of the product.

Scope and Limitations

This study will focus on the thermal insulation using coco coir on the houses that

would prevent heat in summer and cold in rainy days occurs. It will also focus on the

capability of the coco coir and straw in terms of its ability to resist heat and ability to

insulate. The methodology of the study is adopted from the International Journal of

Advanced Science and Technology. Vol. 59 (2013). This study would be conducted from

the month of November until January 2017. The study will be conducted in 1-S Valdez

City of Batac, Ilocos Norte.

The testing is limited only in the resistance of heat and cold, ability to resist flame,

and ability to absorb moisture.

Definition of Terms

Coco Coir. It is the fiber inside the coconut husk that has the ability to insulate heat.

Polypropylene. It is a kind of straw which has high resistance to heat, excellent chemical

resistance, and insulation properties.

Thermal insulation. The process of which heat is prevented from moving from one place

to another using coco coir and polypropylene.