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heat exchanger

fOR FAST AND FLEXIBLE HEATING

A heat exchanger is used to transfer heat energy from one medium to another without the two

media being mixed. Pahlén heat exchangers with cross flow operation produce high output and

have excellent heat transfer capability. All the models can be installed and connected to electric,

firewood, pellet or oil-fired boilers, and to heat pump and solar panel systems.

Pahlén heat exchangers are available as tube and as spiral heat


exchangers and they are optimized for high capacity and low pressure
drop. Both are cross flow models, that is the hot medium flows in the
opposite direction to the cold medium, which gives a maximum output.
The heat exchangers are designed and made of materials that permit
their use for a wide variety of needs and in many different types of
installations.

Maxi-flo is a tube heat exchanger with excellent heating properties.


It is made of acid-proof stainless steel AISI 316L for optimum service
life. Simple installation using the stainless steel adjustable attachments
that are included.

hi-flow is a spiral heat exchanger made of AISI 316L acid-proof


stainless steel or of titanium, for application areas where there is a
considerable risk of corrosion. Titanium is the ideal material where
salt water or a salt generator is used. Adjustable stainless-steel
attachments are included.

hi-temp is a spiral heat exchanger made of thermoplastic with a


high glass content for extra durability, and with a spiral of AISI 316L
acid-resistant stainless steel or titanium for the most demanding
installations where there is a high risk of corrosion, such as in
swimming pools with salt water or where a salt generator/chlorinator
is used.

aqua mex is a new heat exchanger from Pahlén which is equipped


with digital control and a circulation pump. It is made of fibreglass
reinforced thermoplastic and has a coil for the heating agent that is
made of AISI 316L acid-resistant stainless steel or titanium, corrosion-
resistant materials designed for increased service life. The heat
exchanger has straight flow. Hot water and pool water plumbing and
installation of the electrical controls are simple.

plate HEAT EXCHANGER The heat transfer surface consists of thin


profiled metal plates made of AISI 316L acid-resistant stainless steel,
one on top of the other. The high efficiency rating of the heat transfer
process makes this option extremely efficient and in addition easy to
install in areas with limited space.

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heat exchanger

Maxi-flo

Item no. 11367 MF 260 - 75kW

• Acid-proof stainless steel AISI 316L - For optimum quality and life.

• Precision-welded outer jacket - For optimum finish and long life.

• 37 seamless pipes equipped with flow restrictors - For high heat transfer capacity.

• Adjustable brackets of acid-resistant stainless steel - For simpler and more flexible installation.

• Four sizes: 40, 60, 75 and 120 kW - For swimming pools of up to 450 m3.

• Connects to boiler, heat pump, solar panel system or other heat source - Suits all installations.

Skimmer

Inlet

Light Light

Jet Swim

Main drain

Thermostat

Maxi-Flo
Filter
Boiler

Circulation
pump
Pump

Drain

Vertical installation

Dimensions
Item no. A B C D E F
11365 139 129 1” 355 92 1½” Maxi-Flo
11366 139 129 1” 485 92 1½” Maximum pressure secondary circuit (pool water)
and primary circuit (hot water) is 10 bar.
11367 139 129 1” 600 85 2”
11368 139 129 1½” 1070 85 2”
Maxi-Flo can be connected
in series when needed.
Technical data Item no. for coupling 10083002.
Item no. Model Capacity Primary, hot water Secondary, pool water
kW kBtu/h l/min press. drop H(m) l/min press. drop H(m)
11365 MF 135 40 135 25 0,05 200 0,8
11366 MF 200 60 200 30 0,2 250 1,4
11367 MF 260 75 260 35 0,4 300 1,8
11368 MF 400 120 400 50 0,7 360 2,4
Capacity at 60° temperature difference

heat exchanger | 27
heat exchanger

hi-flow

Item no. 11394 HF 75 - 75kW

• Acid-proof stainless steel AISI 316L - For optimum quality and life.

• Precision-welded outer jacket - For optimum finish and long life.

• Coil for heating medium - For installations that operate under high pressure.

• Pocket for probe - Simple installation of external temperature sensor.

• Adjustable brackets of acid-resistant stainless steel - For simpler and more flexible installation.

• Four sizes: 13, 28, 40 and 75 kW - For swimming pools of up to 300 m3.

• Connects to boiler, heat pump, solar panel system or other heat source - Suits all installations.

Skimmer

Inlet

Light Light

Jet Swim

Main drain

Thermostat

Filter
Boiler

Hi-Flow

Circulation pump
Pump

Drain

Dimensions
Item no. A B C D E F
11391 139 129 1½” 235 72 ¾” The maximum pressure for the
11392 139 129 1½” 407 75 ¾” secondary circuit (pool water) is 10 bar
and for the primary circuit (hot water) 60 bar.
11393 139 129 1½” 455 85 1”
11394 139 129 2” 702 85 1”

Technical data
Item no. Model Capacity Primary, hot water Secondary, pool water
kW kBtu/h l/min press. drop H(m) l/min press. drop H(m)
11391 HF 13 13 45 25 0,9 200 0,6
11392 HF 28 28 95 25 1,7 300 1,6
Capacity at 60° temperature difference
11393 HF 40 40 135 60 1,6 300 1,8
11394 HF 75 75 260 60 2,1 300 0,9
Capacity at 70° temperature difference

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heat exchanger

hi-flow titanium

Item no. 11333 T40 - 40kW

• Titanium - Best possible quality and life, for swimming pools with salt water or where a salt generator/chlorinator is used.

• Coil for the heating medium - For installations that operate under high pressure.

• Connections with interior thread (secondary side) - Several connection possibilities.

• Pocket for probe - Simple installation of external temperature sensor.

• Adjustable brackets of acid-resistant stainless steel - For simpler and more flexible installation.

• Three sizes 28, 70 and 75 kW - For swimming pools of up to 300 m3.

• Connects to boiler, heat pump, solar panel system or other heat source - Suits all installations.

Skimmer

Inlopp

Light Light

Jet Swim

Main drain

Thermostat

Filter
Boiler

Hi-Flow

Circulation pump
Pump

Drain

Dimensions
Item no. A B C D E F G
11332 139 113 1½” 470 95 1” 51
The maximum pressure for the
secondary circuit (pool water) is 5 bar
11333 139 127 1½” 510 108 1” 51 and for the primary circuit (hot water) 30 bar.
11334 139 127 1½” 754 108 1” 51

Technical data
Item no. Model Capacity Primary, hot water Secondary, pool water
kW kBtu/h l/min press. drop H(m) l/min press. drop H(m)
11332 T 28 28 95 20 1,3 300 1,6
11333 T 40 40 135 40 2,8 350 1,6
Capacity at 60° temperature difference
11334 T 75 75 260 45 7,2 350 1,9
Capacity at 70° temperature difference

heat exchanger | 29
heat exchanger

hi-temp

Item no. 11314 HT 75 - 75kW

• Outer jacket of thermoplastic - High quality and long service life.

• Hot water coil made of acid-resistant stainless steel - For good corrosion protection.

• Integrated wall-mounting - For simpler installation.

• Slip connections for bonding of Ø50 mm pipes - For simple pipe installation.

• Two sizes 40 and 75 kW - For swimming pools of up to 300 m3.

• Connects to boiler, heat pump, solar panel system or other heat source - Suits all installations.

Skimmer

Inlet

Jet Swim

Light Light

Main drain

Thermostat

Hi-Temp
Filter
Boiler

Circulation pump
Pump

Drain

Dimensions
Item no. A B C
The maximum pressure for the
secondary circuit (pool water) is 4 bar
11312 359 317 277 and for the primary circuit (hot water) 5 bar.
11314 534 492 452

Technical data
Item no. Model Capacity Primary, hot water Secondary, pool water
kW kBtu/h l/min press. drop H(m) l/min press. drop H(m)
11312 HT 40 40 135 34 2,4 300 0,5
11314 HT 75 75 260 43 6,0 300 1,0
Capacity at 60° temperature difference

30 | heat exchanger
heat exchanger

hi-temp titanium

Item no. 11324 HTT 75 - 75kW

• Outer jacket of thermoplastic - High quality and long service life.

• Hot water coil made of titanium - For the most demanding installations where there is a risk of corrosion.

• Integrated wall-mounting - For simpler installation.

• Slip connections for bonding of Ø50 mm pipes - For simple pipe installation.

• Two sizes 40 and 75 kW - For swimming pools of up to 300 m3.

• Connects to boiler, heat pump, solar panel system or other heat source - Suits all installations.

Skimmer

Inlet

Light Light

Jet Swim

Main drain

Thermostat

Hi-Temp
Filter
Boiler

Circulation pump
Pump

Drain

Dimensions
Item no. A B C The maximum pressure for the
secondary circuit (pool water) is 4 bar
11322 417 375 335
and for the primary circuit (hot water) 5 bar.
11324 667 625 585

Technical data
Item no. Model Capacity Primary, hot water Secondary, pool water
kW kBtu/h l/min press. drop H(m) l/min press. drop H(m)
11322 HTT 40 40 135 52 1,7 300 0,8
11324 HTT 75 75 260 58 2,8 300 1,4
Capacity at 60° temperature difference

heat exchanger | 31
heat exchanger

plate heat exchanger

Item no. 113510 Item no. 113521


CB14-20H CB27-24M

• Profiled metal plates made of acid-proof stainless steel placed close to one another - High efficiency rating and effective
heat transfer.

• The closely-packed metal plates form thin channels - Creates a small and compact heat exchanger.

• The heat exchanger has no seals - Suitable for processes with high and low temperature/high and low pressure.

• Sizes from 40 kW to 1000 kW - Suits all installations.

e A b
Dimensions
Item no. Model a b c d e A
S4 S1
113510 CB14-20H 172 42 208 78 24 55
113512 CB14-40H 172 42 208 78 24 102
a c

113521 CB27-24M 250 50 310 112 45 67


113522 CB27-50M 250 50 310 112 45 129
S3 S2 113573 CB76-30L 519 92 618 191 48 96
113574 CB76-40L 519 92 618 191 48 124

Technical data
Item no. Model Capacity Primary side, hot water Secondary, cold water Max pressure bar Connection
kW kBtu/h l/min press. drop l/min press. drop Primary Secondary Primary Secondary
H(m) H(m) S3, S4 S1, S2
113510 CB14-20H 40 135 16 0,7 23 1,6 32 32 ¾” ¾”
113512 CB14-40H 75 260 30 0,8 43 1,4 32 32 ¾” ¾”
113521 CB27-24M 100 340 41 0,8 57 1,3 32 32 1” 1¼”
113522 CB27-50M 200 680 85 0,8 115 1,7 32 32 1” 1¼”
113573 CB76-30L 350 1195 168 0,9 228 1,5 25 25 2” 2”
113574 CB76-40L 450 1535 185 0,6 380 2,6 25 25 2” 2”
Capacity at 60° temperature difference

34 | heat exchanger
heat exchanger

dimensioning of heat exchangers


The capacity of a heat exchanger varies according to the liquid flow through the primary (hot) and the secondary (cold) circuits and
the temperature difference between both media. From the table of capacities a nominal thermal output for each heat exchanger
may be obtained. This output is based upon given liquid flow through both circuits, which is quoted in the table, and a temperature
difference between the incoming primary and secondary media. As an example heat exchanger type MF 135 has a thermal output
of 40 kW when the liquid flow is 25 l/min on the primary side, 200 l/min on the secondary side, and the temperature difference
between both incoming media is 60°C. By the use of diagrams A and B, the thermal output may be calculated for other liquid flows
and temperature differences than those quoted in the table.
Diagram A. Nominal heat effect
% Diagram A
shows the variation in thermal output with changes in temperature differences
between the incoming media. This output is virtually proportional to this
100 temperature difference.

50 Difference in temperature between incoming warm water (primary) and


incoming cold water (secondary).

∆T 60°C 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 °C
∆T 70°C 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 °C

Diagram B. Nominal heat effect


% Diagram B
Represents the variation in thermal output with changes in liquid flow. This
100 diagram is based upon the nominal values given in the table of capacities, which
values represent 100% on the graph.

If the flow in both primary and secondary circuits is in the same relationship to
the nominal values, then the rate of the thermal output from the heat exchanger
50 may be read from the graph.

If, however, the flow in both circuits do not have the same relationship to the
nominal values, the thermal output can be approximated as the average of the
two separate readings from the graph.

Nominal flow 50 100 150 %

Theoretical heat calculation

1. Power required to increase water temperature by ∆T degrees in a fixed time (t), assuming no heat loss.
Formula: P = 1.16 x ∆T x V
t

2. Time taken to increase water temperature by ∆T degrees from a fixed power input, assuming no heat loss.
Formula: t = 1.16 x ∆T x V
P

P = Power in kW
t = Time in hours
∆T = Temperature difference °C
1.16 = Constant
V = Volume in m3

Example: Time taken to heat 30 m3 of water from 5°C to 25°C with a 6 kW heater, assuming no heat loss:
t = 1.16 x (25-5) x 30 =116 hours
6

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