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Research Design

Burns and Grove (2003:195) define a research design as “a blueprint for conducting a study with
maximum control over factors that may interfere with the validity of the findings”. Parahoo
(1997:142) describes a research design as “a plan that describes how, when and where data are to
be collected and analysed”. Polit et al (2001:167) define a research design as “the researcher’s
overall for answering the research question or testing the research hypothesis”.
This study focuses on the opinion of nurses on pain in patients that suffer from dementia. The
research approach is non-experimental, qualitative, exploratory-descriptive and contextual.
The present research has been followed qualitative research method. The data has collected from
secondary sources like relevant books, journals, articles, published documents and various

Conceptual phase
In the conceptual phase the research question namely what is main causes of increasing committing
murders in Bangladesh and objectives were formulated for the purpose of the study. The research
question evolved due to the researcher’s involvement in the phenomenon under investigation. A
literature review was conducted to familiarize the researcher with the concept and content
literature. It was necessary for the researcher to do bracketing to lay aside any preconceived ideas
about the phenomena under study.

Case Study
Some case study on committing murders are conducted in this study for clarify the recent situation
in Bangladesh.
A case study is an in-depth analysis of people, events, and relationships, bounded by some unifying
factor. An example is principal leadership in middle schools. Important aspects include not only
the principal’s behaviors and views on leadership, but also the perceptions of those who interact
with her/him, the context of the school, outside constituents, comparison to other principals, and
other quantitative “variables.” Often, you may see a case study labeled “ethnographic case study”
which generally refers to a more comprehensive study focused on a person or group of people, as
the above example. Case studies do not have to be people-focused, however, as a case study to
look at a program might be conducted to see how it accomplishes its intended outcomes. For
example, the Department of Education might conduct a case study on a curricular implementation
in a school district – examining how new curriculum moves from development to implementation
to outcomes at each level of interaction (developer, school leadership, teacher, student).